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OR A VIEW OF THE
H I S T OR Y,
L I T E R A T U RE,
Printed for J. DOD S L E Y, in Pall-Mall, 1774
P R E F A C E.
HE year of which we treat, has been
more favourable to the general tranquillity, than many preceding circumstances seemed to indicate. It has not, however, been destitute of interesting events. The dismemberment of Poland, the necessity which produced a ratification of that act by the King and the Republic, and the precarious state of the remaining part of that unfortunate country, present a lesson to others, which might be studied with advantage. The favourable change which has taken
place in the Ottoman affairs, and the insurrections which have happened in Russia, feem rather to increase the probability of a peace, than of a long continuance of the
The final diffolution of the Jesuits, would alone distinguish the present year; and as that measure reftores security to the territorial possessions of the court of Rome, it may be supposed to have a confiderable
effect in preserving the peace of Italy. The entire cession of the Dutchy of Holstein to Denmark, whether considered with respect to its political value, or commercial confequences, is also a matter of public importance.
The great revolution which has taken place, in the state and constitution of the East-India Company, has rendered our domestic affairs particularly interesting. Indeed, the natural importance of the subject seems to be increased, by the ability with which it was discussed, and the difference of sentiments and opinions it produced, among the most eminent persons in the nation.
We have endeavoured to state these and other matters, in as clear a manner, as our means of information would admit, and still hope for that indulgence to our imperfections, which the kindness of the public has rendered habitual to us.
General state of affairs. Poland. Ruffia. Retrospective view of the war,
and its conséquences considered. Ceffion of Holftein. Revolt in the Crimea. Insurrection in the government of Oremberg. Ottoman empire. Preparations by the new Grand Signior for carrying on the war.
Great Ger manic powers. Revival of obsolete claims. State of the empire. Abolition of the Jesuits. Commercial failures. Dearths. Earthquakes. HOUGH the year 1773, year, neither does the danger of
has not been productive of extending those calamities seem to
many great or splendid be increased. Those great armies actions, it has possessed a kind of in Germany and the North, which negative merit, in not being at seemed to threaten destruction to tended with all the evil which it each other, or to the rest of manportended. The flames of war are kind, have held their swords quietly still restrained to those states with in their hands, and are now so long whom they began, and if the pro- accustomed to behold each other bability of peace does not appear without emotion, that they almost greater than at the beginning of the forget their natural animofities; VoL, XVI.