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which had farmer's been the sense of a particular order
of in och

This pets adatodd Disse er fired for their
Suheistence, bad that but its trade á blacks. this
which was paid in be down to y en-
de's tine, the oldes en tarinaro annly brat
up to this etapias ment: a cosa when both be and
my father obried with trupin theldest sans

In the researbe: I made at Ex' , I fowind zone. toint of their births, iLaTeses, and deaths, earlier than the year 1945, the perisa rezister not entending farther back than that period. This rester informed me that I was the youngest son of the youngest branch of the family, counting fise Frations. My grandfather

, Thomas, was brinin 1:08, Lived at Eaton till
he was too old to continue his trade, when be retired
to Banbury, in Orfordshire, where his son John, who
was a dyer, resid-d, and with whom my father was
apprenticed. He died, and was buried there: we saw

* As a proof that Franklin wis anciently the common
name of an order or rank in England, see Judge For.
tesque, De laudilnas legun Anglie, written about the
year 1412, in which is the following passage, to show
that good juries might easily be formed in any part of

Regio etiam illa, ita respersa refertaque est posses-
sorilnus terrarum et agrorum, quod in ea, villula tam
parya reperiri non poterit, in qua non est est miles, armi
ger, vel pater-familias, qualis ibidem franklin vulgariter
ucupatur, magnisditatus possessionibus, nec non li
gentes et alii valecti pluriini, suis patrimoniis suf-
ad faciendum juratam, in forma prenotata."
the same country is so filled and replen-

menne, that therein so small a thorpe herein dwelleth not a knight, an esholder as is there commonly callwith great possessions; and alwany yeomen, able for their forin aforementioned."

[Old Translation. entleman a franklin, Sekeeping, thus char.

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of silk ning milk; stice at the assize, stful to advise. ous, just he proved all beloved.

or others tore favourite me, still would I

his monument in 1758. His eldest son lived in the family house at Eaton, which he bequeathed, with the land belonging to it, to his only daughter; who, in concert with her husband, Mr. Fisher of Wellingborough, afterwards sold it to Mr. Ested, the present proprietor.

My grandfather had four surviving sons, Thoinas, John, Benjamin, and Josias. I shall give you such particulars of them as my memory will furnish, not having my papers here, in which you will find a more minute account, if they are not lost during my absence.

Thomas had learned the trade of a blacksmith under his father; but, possessing a good natural understanding, he improved it by study, at the solicitation of a gentleman of the name of Palmer, who was at that time the principal inhabitant of the village, and who encouraged, in like manner, all my uncles to cultivate their minds. Thomas thus rendered himself competent to the functions of a country attorney ; soon became an essential personage in the affairs of the village ; and was one of the chief movers of every public enterprise, as well relative to the country as the town of Northampton. A variety of remarkable incidents were told us of him at Eaton. After enjoying the esteem and patronage of Lord Halifax, he died January 6, 1702, precisely four years before was born. The recital that was made us of his life and character, by some aged persons of the village, struck you, I remember, as extraordinary, from its analogy to what you knew of myself. “ Had he died,” said you,“ four years later, one might have supposed a transmigration of souls."

John, to the best of my belief, was brought up to the trade of a wool-dyer.

Benjamin served his apprenticeship in London to a silk-dyer. He was an industrious man ; I remember him well; for, while I was a child, he joined my father at Boston, and lived for some years in the house with us.

A particular affection had always subsisted between my father and him ; and I was his godson. He arrived to a great age. He left behind him two quarto volumes of poems in manuscript, consisting of little fugitive pieces addressed to his friends. He had invented a short hand, which he taught me, but, having never made use of it, I have now forgotten it. He was a man of piety, and a constant attendant on the best preachers, whose sermons he took a pleasure in writing down according to the expeditory method he had devised. Many volumes were thus collected by him. He was also extremely fond of politics ; too much so, perhaps, for his situation. I lately found in London a collection which he had made of all the principal pamphlets relative to public affairs, from the year 1641 to 1717. Many volumes are wanting, as appears by the series of numbers ; but there still remain eight in folio, and twenty-four in quarto and octavo. The collection had fallen into the hands of a second-hand bookseller, who, knowing me by having sold me some books, brought it to me. My uncle, it seems, had left it behind him on his departure for America, about fifty years ago. I found various notes of his writing in the margin. His grandson, Samuel, is now living at Boston.

Our humble family had early embraced the Reformation. They remained faithfully attached during the reign of Queen Mary, when they were in danger of being molested on account of their zeal against Popery. They had an English Bible, and to conceal it the more securely, they conceived the project of fastening it open, with packthreads across the leaves, on the inside of the lid of the close-stool. When my great-grandfather wished to read to his family, be reversed the lid of the close-stool upon his knees, and passed the leaves from one side to the other, which were held down on each by the packthread. One of the children was stationed at the door, to give notice if he saw the proctor (an officer of the spiritual court) make his appearance; in that case, the lid was restored to its place, with the Bible concealed under it as before. I had this anecdote from my uncle Benjamin.

The whole family preserved its attachment to the Church of England, till towards the close of the reign of Charles II. when certain ministers, who had been rejected as nonconformists, having held conventicles in Northamptonshire, they were joined by Benjamin and Josias, who adhered to them ever after. The rest of the family continued in the episcopal church.

My father, Josias, married early in life. He went with his wife and three children, to New England, about the year 1682. Conventicles being at that time prohibited by law, and frequently disturbed, some considerable persons of his acquaintance determined to go to America, where they hoped to enjoy the free exercise of their religion, and my father was prevailed on to accompany them.

My father had also, by the same wife, four children born in America, and ten others by a second wife, making in all seventeen. I remember to have seen thirteen seated together at his table, who all arrived at years of maturity, and were married. I was the ast of the sons, and the youngest child, excepting two daughters. I was born at Boston, in New England. My mother, the second wife, was Abiah Folger, daughter of Peter Folger, one of the first colonists of New England, of whom Cotton Mather makes honourable mention, in his Ecclesiastical History of that province, as “ a pious and learned Englishman,” if I rightly recollect his expressions. I have been told of his having written a variety of little pieces; but there appears to be only one in print, which I met with many years ago. It was published in the year 1675, and is in familiar verse, agreeably to the taste of the times and the country. The author addresses himself to the governors for the time being, speaks for liberty of conscience, and in favour of the anabaptists, quakers, and other sectaries, who had suffered persecution. To this persecution he attributes the wars with the natives, and other calamities which afflicted the country, regarding them as the judgments of God in punishment of so odious an offence, and he exhorts the government to the repeal of laws so contrary to charity.

The poem appeared to be written with a manly freedom and a pleasing simplicity. I recollect the six concluding lines, though I have forgotten the order of words of the two first, the sense of which was, that his censures were dictated by benevolence, and that, of consequence, he wished to be known as the author ; because, said he, I hate from my very soul dissimulation.

From Sherburne,* where I dwell,

I therefore put my name,
Your friend, who means you well.

PETER FOLGER. My brothers were all put apprentices to different trades. With respect to myself, I was sent, at the age of eight years, to a grainmar-school. My father destined me for the church, and already regarded me as the chaplain of my family. The promptitude with which, from my infancy, I had learned to read, for I do not remember to have been ever without this acquirement, and the encouragement of his friends, who assured him that I should one day certainly become a man of letters, confirmed him in this design. My unde Benjamin approved also of the scheme, and promisod to give me all his volumes of sermons, written as ! cave said, in the short-hand of his invention, if I would se the pains to learn it.

* Town in the Island of Nantucket.

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