The lake dwellings of Switzerland and other parts of Europe, tr. and arranged by J.E. Lee

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Seite 318 - At the first the piles whichbear up the platforms were fixed in their places by the whole body of the citizens ; but since that time the custom which has prevailed about fixing them is this : they are brought from a hill called Orbelus, and every man drives in three for each wife that he marries. Now the men have all many wives apiece, and this is the way in which they live. Each has his own hut, wherein he dwells upon one of the...
Seite 8 - The surface within the rounded enclosure is sometimes covered over with a layer of round logs cut into lengths of from four to six feet, over which was placed more or less stones, clay, or gravel. In some instances, this platform is confined to a portion of the island. Besides these, pieces of oak framing, with mortises and cheeks cut in them, have been found within the circle of the outer work.
Seite 319 - Christians, because it is inhabited by Christian fishermen, who live here on the lake in wooden huts built upon piles.
Seite 342 - L.), in the remains of the lake dwellings, as it is not found in Switzerland and Germany ; but on the contrary, is spread over all the countries of the Mediterranean, and is found in the flax-fields of Greece, Italy, the south of France, and the Pyrenees. The presence of the corn bluebottle (Centaurea cyanus) is no less remarkable, for its original home is Sicily.
Seite 15 - It is very certain that, at least in Switzerland, there was no hard line of demarcation between the three periods, but that the new materials were spread abroad like any other article of trade, and that the more useful tools gradually superseded those of less value.
Seite 296 - ... and roof project about two feet beyond the walls at each end, so as to form a kind of porch, in which there are benches for the accommodation of the family. That part of the floor which is allotted for the fire-place, is enclosed in a hollow square, by partitions either of wood or stone, and in the middle of it the fire is kindled.
Seite 10 - Probably in some cases .... fresh piles were driven in for this purpose, which did not go quite down to the bottom of the lake. ... Of course these piles would mark out the extent of the dwellings themselves, and in one or two favourable instances we have thus the ground plan of a settlement; but we have more than this: the size of the house is further marked out by boards, forced in firmly between the piles, and resting edgeways on the platform, thus forming what at the present day we should call...
Seite 386 - The outer paling of stakes includes a circle 60 feet in diameter, in some parts double or] treble ; " there are clusters of stakes in other portions of the island, some of which appear to have been placed with regard to a particular arrangement. A, the central oblong portion, consists of a platform of round logs, cut in lengths of from 4 to 6 feet, chiefly of alder timber. B, a collection of stones with marks of fire on them. C, a heap of stiff clay. D, the root of a large tree, nearly buried in...
Seite 306 - OF FEEDING. Destructive insects may be divided into two classes, according to the nature of the mouth parts. This is especially important from an economic point of view. The grasshopper, being provided with jaws, can be killed by poisons. The chinch bug, with a sucking mouth, can not be killed by poisoning. The first eats its food, as do the higher animals, while the other sucks the sap from...
Seite 318 - Now the men have all many wives apiece; and this is the way in which they live. Each has his own hut, wherein he dwells, upon one of the platforms, and each has also a trapdoor giving access to the lake beneath; and their wont is to tie their baby children by the foot with a string, to save them from rolling into the water. They feed their horses and their other beasts upon fish, which abound in the lake to such a degree that a man has only to open his trap-door and to let down a basket by a rope...

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