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6. It is to be regretted that those early writers, who treated of the discovery and settlement of America, have not given us more particular and candid accounts of the remarkable characters that

flourished in savage life. B.

1. I cannot proceed with a stern, assured, judicial confidence, until I find myself in something more like a judicial character.

2. Such a measure was then sufficient to remove all suspicion, and to give perfect content.

3. English privileges have made it all that it is ; English privileges alone will make it all it can be.

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1. How that personage haunted my dreams, I need scarcely tell you. 2. This appeal seemed to produce some effect, for two of the fellows began to look here and there among the lumber, but halfheartedly, I thought, and with half an eye to their own danger all the time, while the rest stood irresolute on the road. 3. It never occurred to us to doubt Jim Hawkins; but we were alarmed for his safety. 4. So I must have lain for hours, continually beaten to and fro upon the billows, now and again wetted with flying sprays, and never ceasing to expect death at the next plunge. 5. At the same time, I observed around both of them, splashes of dark blood upon the planks, and began to feel sure that they had killed each other in their drunken wrath.

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1. Sir Roger, who is very well acquainted with my humor, lets me rise and go to bed when I please, dine at his own table or in my chamber, as I think fit, sit still and say nothing, without bidding me be merry.

2. He often told his friends afterwards, that unless he had found out this piece of exercise, he verily believed he should have lost his SenSeS.

3. My friend Sir Roger is very often merry with me upon my passing so much of my time among his poultry.

4. Numbers are so much the measure of everything that is valuable, that it is not possible to demonstrate the success of any action, or the prudence of any undertaking, without them.

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1. There were a king with a large jaw and a queen with a plain face, on the throne of England; there were a king with a large jaw and a queen with a fair face, on the throne of France. 2. The night was so very sultry, that although they sat with doors and windows open, they were overpowered by heat. 3. Avoiding the larger rooms, which were dark and made fast for the night, Monsieur the Marquis, with his flambeau-bearer going on before, went up the staircase to a door in a corridor. 4. When coffee had been served and they were all alone together, the nephew, looking at the uncle and meeting the eyes of the face that was like a fine mask, opened a conversation.

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1. A jumble of musical sounds on a viol or a flute, in which the rhythm of the tune is played without one of the notes being right, gives pleasure to the unskilled ear. 2. He who will train himself to mastery in this science of persuasion must lay the emphasis of education, not in popular arts, but on character and insight. 3. He is the richest man who knows how to draft a benefit from the labors of the greatest number of men, of men in distant countries, and in past times. 4. One would think, from the talk of men, that riches and poverty were a great matter; and our civilization mainly respects it. 5. I weigh my words well when I assert that the man who should know the true history of the bit of chalk which every carpenter carries about in his breeches pocket, though ignorant of all other history, is likely, if he will think his knowledge out to its ultimate results, to have a truer and therefore a better conception of this wonderful universe, and of man's relation to it, than the most learned student who is deep-read in the records of humanity and ignorant of those of Nature.

6. Above and below, little could be seen but the same dark green foliage. It overspread the valleys and enveloped the mountains, from the black rocks that crowned their summits to the streams that circled round their base.

7. He is the friend and aider of those who would live in the spirit.

8. They loved him, laughed at him, played him tricks, and made him happy.

II. Combine the following groups into periodic or loose sentences as you think each case requires : — 1. I found my mother ill a. this morning b. when I arrived home c. in answer to the telegram 2. Nothing could persuade him to go a. after the awful disaster b. though we argued long with him c. in spite of the fact that his passage was paid 3. I told him how it all happened a. when I reached the office b. after I had removed my wet clothes 4. He accepted the gift a. with many thanks b. in a pretty speech c. of gold 5. Let us classify the author's books a. according to their nature b. after we have read this one 6. The animal was upon us before we knew it a. though we had been most watchful b. while we were making for the shore 7. It was then I realized the worst

a. after I saw the lights go out
b. when the alarm was finally sent in

8. He drew and fired
a. after he had been sitting quietly for some time
b. just as every one had concluded him sane
c. in a sudden frenzy

9. He at last succeeded
a. after many trials
b. after much discouragement
c. where every one thought he would fail

10. I think this is the best we can do a. though I do not like it b. after having examined many selections c. during the past weeks III. Write ten sentences, each of which is to be expressed in both the

loose and the periodic form. Some of these sentences should be of considerable length.


Unity. — Unity in a sentence means that the sentence must contain only one complete thought, though naturally that thought may be made up of several well-joined part thoughts. It also means that the whole of the thought must be expressed by the sentence.

Too Much in the Sentence. — Unity in the sentence breaks down when we pack more part thoughts into our sentence than can be made to unite into a single complete thought. Consider this sentence : —

(1) (2) I found George at last yesterday, he is a fine fellow but not the (3)

man for my work, and this I regret.

Sections 2 and 3 have sufficient attraction for each other to be joined, though they are not closely enough related for a comma; a semicolon between “work '' and “ and ’’ would be better. But sections 1 and 2 will not join into a single thought. A period should come after “yesterday,” and “he” begin a new sentence. Judgment, practice, and experience will quickly set you right in this matter. Whether you shall use a comma or semicolon, and keep your thoughts in a single sentence, or a period, and put them into two sentences, depends upon the relation between the thoughts. How close is it 2 Study of good models, but most of all a Searching of your own thoughts when you come to compose, will help you. Too Little in the Sentence. — Unity in the sentence is lacking when a part thought in the form of a clause is set off with a capital and a period of its own. This is, after all, a matter of grammar, and easily corrected when noticed. No group of words lacking a verb can make a statement, and so no such group can be a sentence. “Having seen the harbor and streets of New York,” is not a statement, and not a sentence. Or, to put it differently, be careful not to make what should be a clause and part of a complex sentence into a unit of itself, and you can scarcely go wrong. Unity in the sentence is again lacking when two part thoughts which ought to form one compound sentence are kept separate. The following is grammatically correct : —

I saw the dog break his chain. But I did not flinch ;

nevertheless it would have better unity if written: — I saw the dog break his chain but did not flinch.

Relationships among Parts of a Sentence. — Again, for Unity, we must be certain that the true relation, whether it be correlation or subordination, between our clauses is shown by the form of our statement. We must not make a sentence compound which should be complex, for in that case

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