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Bru. Let them enter.

(Exit Lucius. They are the faction. O Conspiracy! Sham’st thou to shew thy dangerous brow by night, When evils are most free? O then, by day, Where wilt thou find a cavern dark enough, To mask thy monstrous visage? Seek none, Conspi

racy; Hide it in smiles and affability : • For if thou path thy native semblance on, Not Erebus itself were dim enough To hide thee from prevention. Enter Cashus, Casca, Decius, Cinna, Metellus, and


Caf. I think, we are too bold upon your rest. Good morrow, Brutus: do we trouble you?

Bru. I have been up this hour; awake all night. Know I these men that come along with you? Afide.

Caf. Yes, every man of them; and no man here,
But honours you : and every one doth wish,
You had but that opinion of yourself,
Which every noble Roman bears of you.
This is Trebonius,

Bru. He is welcome hither.
Caf. This, Decius Brutus.
Bru. He is welcome too.

Caf. This, Casca; this Cinna;
And this Metellus Cimber.

Bru. They are all welcome.
What watchful cares do interpofe themselves
Betwixt your eyes and night?

Caf. Shall I entreat a word ? [They whisper.
Dec. Here lies the East: doth not the day break


For if thou path the native semblance on,] If thou walk in thy true form.



Casca. No.

Cin. O, pardon, Sir, it doth; and yon grey lines, That fret the clouds, are messengers of day. Casca. You shall confess, that you are both de

Here, as I point my sword, the sun arises;
Which is a great way growing on the South,
Weighing the youthful season of the year.
Some two months hence, up higher toward the North
He first presents his fire; and the high East
Stands, as the Capitol, directly here.

Bru. Give me your hands all over, one by one.
Caf. And let us swear our resolution.

Bru. ? No, not an oath'. If not the face of men,
The sufferance of our souls, the time's abufe-
If these be motives weak, break off betimes,
And every man hence to his idle bed ;
So let high sighted tyranny range on,
9 'Till each man drop by lottery. But if these,


"No, not an oath. If that the face of men, &c.] Dr. Warburton would read fate of men ; but his elaborate emendation is, I think, erroneous. The face of men is the countenance, the regard, the efter en of the publick ; in other terms, honour and reputation ; or the face of men may mean the dejected look of the people. He reads, with the other modern editions,

-If that the face of men, but the old reading is, -if not the face, &c.

Јонко. So Tully in Catilinarn-Nibil horum or a vultusque moverunt?

STEEVENS. * No, not an cath.-) Shakespeare form'd this speech on the following passage in Sir T. North's Translation of Plutarch:-" The conspirators having never taken oaths together, nor taken or given any caution or assurance, nor binding themselves one to ano. ther by any religious oaths, they kept the matter so secret to themselves,” &c.

STEEVENS. 3 'Till each man top by lottery.] Perhaps the Poet alluded to the custom of decimation, i e. the selection by lot of every tenth soldier, in a general mutiny, for punishment.

As I am sure they do, bear fire enough
To kindle cowards, and to steel with valour
The melting spirits of women; then, countrymen,
What need we any spur, but our own cause,
To prick us to redress? What other bond,
Than secret Romans, that have spoke the word,
And will not palter ? and what other oath,
Than honesty to honesty engag'd,
That this shall be, or we will fall for it?
Swear priests, and cowards, and men cautelous,
Old feeble carrions, and such suffering souls
That welcome wrongs : unto bad causes, swear
Such creatures as men doubt; but do not stain
The even virtue of our enterprize,
Nor the insuppressive mettle of our spirits,
To think, that, or our cause, or our performance,
Did need an oath ; when every drop of blood,
That every Roman bears, and nobly bears,
Is guilty of a several bastardy,
If he doth break the smallest particle
Of any promise that hath past from him.

Caf. But what of Cicero ? shall we found him ? I think, he will stand very strong with us.

Casca. Let us not leave him out.
Cin. No, by no means.

Met. O, let us have him; for his silver hairs
Will purchase us a good opinion,
And buy men's voices to commend our deeds:
It shall be said, his judgment rul'd our hands;
Our youths and wildness shall no whit appear,

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He speaks of this in Coriolanus,

By decimation, and a fytbed death,
Make thou thy fate.

This is imitated by Otway,
When you would bind me, is there need of oaths ? &c.

Venice preserved.



But all be buried in his gravity.

Bru. O, name him not: let us not break with him;
For he will never follow any thing,
That other men begin.

Caf. Then leave him out.
Casca. Indeed, he is not fit.
Dec. Shall no man else be touch’d, but only Cæsar?

Caf. Decius, well urg'd:-I think, it is not meet,
Mark Antony, so well belov'd of Cæsar,
Should out-live Cæsar: we shall find of him
A shrewd contriver; and you know, his means,
If he improve them, may well stretch so far,
As to annoy us all ; which to prevent,
Let Antony, and Cæsar, fall together.

Bru. Our course will seem too bloody, Caius Cassius, To cut the head off, and then hack the limbs; Like wrath in death, and envy afterwards : For Antony is but a limb of Cæsar. Let us be sacrificers, but not butchers, Caius; We all stand up against the spirit of Cæsar; And in the spirit of man there is no blood : O, that we then could come by Cæsar's spirit, And not dismember Cæsar! but alas ! Cæsar must bleed for it! And, gentle friends, Let's kill him boldly, but not wrathfully; Let's carve him as a dish fit for the Gods, Not hew him as a carcase fit for hounds: And let our hearts, as subtle masters do, Stir up their servants to an act of rage, And after seem to chide them. This Thall make Our purpose necessary, and not envious : Which, so appearing to the common eyes, We shall be callid purgers, not murderers. And for Mark Antony, think not of him For he can do no more than Cæsar's arm, When Cæsar's head is off. VOL. VIII. D



Caf. Yet I fear him;
For in the ingrafted love he bears to Cæsar,—

Bru. Alas, good Cassius, do not think of him:
If he love Cælar, all that he can do
Is to himself; ? take thought, and die for Cæsar :
And that were much, he should; for he is given
To sports, to wildness, and much company.

Treb. There is no fear in him; let him not die ; For he will live, and laugh at this hereafter.

(Clock frikes.
Bru. Peace, count the clock.
Caf. The clock hath ftricken three.
Treb. 'Tis time to part.

Caf. But it is doubtful yet,
Whether Cæsar will come forth to-day, or no:
For he is superstitious grown of late ;
Quite from the main opinion ? he held once
Of fantasy, of dreams, and ceremonies :
It may be, these apparent prodigies,
The unaccustom'd terror of this night,
And the persuasion of his augurers,
May hold him from the Capitol to-day.

2-take thought,-) That is, turn melancholy. JOHNSON.

3 For

be is fuperftitious grorun of late, Quite from ibe main opinion be held once

Of fantasy, of dreams and ceremonies :) Cæfar, as well as Calius, was an Epicurean. By main opinion Cassius intends a compliment to his feet, and means solid, fundamental opinion, grounded in truth and nature: as by fantasy is meant ominous forebodings; and by ceremonies, atonements of the Gods by means of religious rites and sacrifices. A little af. ter, where Calphurnia says,

Cajar, I never food on ceremonies,

Yet now they fright me: The poet uses ciremonies in a quite different sense, namely, the turning accidents to omens, a principal fuperftition of antiquity.

WARBURTON. Main opinion, is nothing more than leading, fixed, predomirant opinion.



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