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STATE GOVERNMENTS. 1855

States.
Capitals.

Governors. Term Exp Sul’ry Legs're Merts. Gen. Election. Alabama.. Montgomery John A. Winston.. Dec. 1855 $2,500 2 M. Nov.

11 M. Aug. Arkansas Little Rock Elias N. Conway Nov. 1856 1,800 1 M. Nov

IM. Aug. California.. Sacramento

John Bigler..

Dec. 1855 10,000 1 Th. Sept i Tu. Jan. Connecticut.. Hartford & N. H'n. Henry Dutton.. May, 1855 1,100 1 W. May.

IM. April. Delaware Dover...

Peter F. Causey*. Jan, 1855 1,333 1 Tu. June 2 Tu. Nov. Florida Tallahasse

James E. Broome. Oct. 1855 1,500 1 M. Nov IM. Oct. Georgia. Milledgeville. Herschel V. Johnson.. Nov. 1853 3,000 1 M. Nov ....UM. Oct. Illinois.. Springfield

Joel A. Matteson Jan. 1857 1,500 2 M. Jan. i Tu. Nov. Indiana

Indianapolis Joseph A. Wright.. Jan. 1856 1,300 January 2 Tu. Oct. Iowa.. Iowa City.. James W. Grimes.. Dec. 1855 1,000 1 M. Dec...

IM. Aug Kentucky Frankfort.. Lazarus W. Powell. Aug. 1855 2,500 1 M. Dec.

IM. Aug. Lonisiana Baton Rouge. Paul O. Hebert... Jan. 1856

3 M. Jan.. IM. Nov. Niue Augusta..

Anson P. Morrill.. Jan. 1856 1,500 2 W. Jan.. 2 M. Sept. Maryland Annapolis.

T. Watkins Ligon. Jan. 1857 3,6001 W. Jan 1 W. Nov. Massachusetts.. Boston

Henry J. Gardner*. Jan. 1856 2,500 I W. Jan 2 M. Nov. Michigan.. Lansing

Kinsley S. Bingham... Jan. 1856 1,500 I W. Jan .... Tu. Nov Mississippi Jackson.

John J. M'Rea.. Jan. 1856 3,000 1 M. Jan. 1 M. & Tu. N. Missouri. Jefferson City

Sterling Price. Dec. 1856 2,000 Last M. Dec. 1 M. Aug. N. Hampshire. . Concord..

Nathaniel B. Baker.. June 1855 1,000 1 W. June... 2 Tu. March. New Jersey ... Trenton

Rodman M. Price Jan. 1857 1,800 2 Tu. Jan....i Tu. Nov. New-York Albany

Myron H. Clark.. Jan. 1857 4,000 1 Tu. Jan....1 Tu, Nov. N. Carolina.... Raleigh.

Thomas Bragg
Jan. 1857 -2,000 3 M. Nov...

2 Th. Aug. Ohio Columbus

William Medill. Jan. 1856 1,800 I M. Jan.... - Tu. Oct. Pennsylvania .. Harrisburg

James Pollock.

Jan. 1858 3,000 I Tu. Jan. 2 Tu. Oct. Rhode Island Newport & Prov'e.. William W. IIoppin. May, 1856

400 May & Oct... 1W. April. South Carolina. Columbia

James H. Adams. Dec. 1856 3,500 4 M. Nov ... 2 M. Oct. Tennessee. Nashville Andrew Johnson Oct. 1855 2,000 1 M. Oct....

L'h. Aug. Texas Austin

Edward M. Pease. Dec. 1855 2,000 In December | M. Aug. Vermont Montpelier

Stephen Royce.
Oct. 1855 750 2 Th. Oct...

1 Tu. Sept. Virginia.. Richmond

Joseph Johnson. Jan. 1856 5,000 2 M. Jan..... + Th. April. Wisconsin.. Madison...

Wm. A. Barstow Dec. 1855 1,250 1 M. Jan..... i Tu. Nov. GOVERNORS OF TERRITORIES. Oregon, Geo. L. Curry; Minnesota, Willis A. Gorman ; New Mexico, David Merriwether; Utah, Edwin J. Steptoe ; Washington, Isuuc J. Stevens ; Nebraska, Mark W. Izard; Kansas, Andrew H, Reeder.

The following States hold Legislative Sessions biennially, viz:- Delaware, Virginia, North Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Michigan, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas, Arkansas, Tennessee, Ohio, Indiana, Missouri, lowa, and Mlinois. Whigs in Italios.

* Know-Novning's

POPULAR VOTE FOP. PRESIDENT.

STATES.

Alabama.
Arkansas..
California.
Connecticut
Delaware
Florida...
Georgia
Illinois.
Indiana
Iowa
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine..
Maryland..
Massachusetts
Michigan.
Mississippi.
Missouri..
New Hampshire.
New-Jersey
New-York.
North Carolina
Ohio...
Pennsylvania.
Rhode Island.
South Carolina.
Tennessee
Texas
Vermont..
Virginia..
Wisconsin..
D. of C. and Terr's.

1852
'1848.

1844.

Population

of
Whig. Dem. F. S. Whig. Dem. F. S. Whig. Dem. ** Abn.
Scott. Pierce. Hale.

Taylor.
C...

1850, V.Bu'n Clay.

Polk. Birn'y
15,038 20,881
30, +82 31,363
26,081 37,7440

771,671
7,401 12, 173
7,588 9,300

5,504 9,516

209,757 31,971 39,665 10% | Admitted since 1848.

192,597 30,359 33,219 3,160 30,314 27,046 5,005 32,830 29,811 1,942 370,792 6,293 6,318 6 6,422 5,910 80

6,259 5,971

91,532 2,875 4,318 / 4,539 3,238

Admitted since 1844. 87,444 16,600 34,705

47,514
44,802
42, 100 44,147

906.101
61,934 80,59 9,956 53,215 56,629 15,804 45,528 57,920 3,570 851,470
80,901
95,299 6,934 69,907 74,745 8,100 67,867 70,181 2,106

988,416 15,855 17,762 1,606 11,178 12, 125 1,126 Admitted since 1814.

192,214 57,068 53,806 265 67,141 49,720

61,255 51,988

982, 405 17,255 18,647 18,217 15,370 1 13,083 13,782

517,763 32,513 41,609 8,030 35,276 40,206 12,178 34,619 45,964 4,862

583,169 35,077 40,022 51 37.702 34,528 125 35,984 32,676

583,034 56,062 46,880 29,933 61,070 35,281' 38,053 67,712 53,470 10,959

991,514 33,860 41,812 7,237 23,940 30,687 10,389 24,237 27,703 3,63:

397,654 17.518 25,876 25,922 26,537 19, 206 25, 126

606,526 29,984 38,353 32,671 40,077 31,250 41,324

682,014 16,147 29,99; 6,695 14,781 27,763 7,560 17,866 27,160 4,161

317,976 38,556 44,305 350 40,015 36,901 819 38,318 37,495 822

489,555 234,882 262,0825,329 218,583 114,319 120,497 232, 482 237,58€ 15,812

3097,391 39,055 39,744 591 43,519 31,869 85 43,232 39,287

868,903 152,5261 169,2231,682 138,3591 154,773 35,347 155, 113 149,061 8,050

1 980,427 179, 122 193,56% 8,521 185,730 172,186 11,177 161,203 167,535 6,332 2 311,786 7,626 8,73:

6,779 3,616
730 7,322 4,867

147,515 Presidential electors chosen by the legislature.

668,507 58,898 57,018 64,705 58,419

60,030 59,917

1 002,614 4,995 13,55

4,50

10,658 3 Admitted since 1844. 212,592 22, 173 13,044 8,621 23, 122 10,948 13,837 26,770 18,041 3,954 314,120 57,132 72,413

45, 265 46,738

9
44,790 50,683

1 421,661 22,210 33,652 8,814 13,747 15,001 10,418 Admitted since 1844.

305,391 143,985

611

Total

'1,393,089/1,596,395) 158, 123 1,362, 2421, 223,795 291,378 1,291,643 1,329,013166,30 il 23,191,558 Pierce over Scott, 203,306 ; Taylor over Cass, 138,447 ; Polk over Clay, 37,370.

Eclipses in 1855.

sible in the United States, except in Washington

Territory, about 400 miles north-east of AsThis year there will be two total and visible toria. Eclipses of the Moon, and two partial and chiefly III. A total Eclipse of the Moon early in the invisible Eclipses of the Sun.

morning of Thursday, October 25, visible. MagI. A total Eclipse of the Moon, Tuesday even- nitude, 17.563 digits on the Moon's northern ing, May 1st, visible. Magnitude, 18.348 digits limb. The Moon will be totally eclipsed 1 h. and on the Moon's southern limb. The Moon will be 1 m, after the commencement of the partial totally eclipsed 1 h. 3 m. after the Eclipse first Eclipse, and will remain in total obscuration 1 h. begins, and the total obscuration will last 1 h. and 29 m. Duration of the Eclipse, 3 h. 25 m. 86 m. Duration of the entire Eclipse 3 h. 42 m. See the following table. See the following table.

IV. A partial Eclipse of the Sun, Nov. 9th, II. A partial Eclipse of the Sun, May 15; invis-linvisible in the United States.

THE TWO TOTAL ECLIPSES OF THE MOON.

ECLIPSE OF ECLIPSE OF

ECLIPSE OF ECLIPSE OF MAY. OCTOBER.

MAY. OCTOBER
PLACES.

PLACES.
Begins, Ends Begins Ends

Begins Ends B gins Ends ev. lst ino. 2 mo:5 no. 25

ev, Isi mo. 2.1. 10. mo. 25 H. M. H. M. H. M. H. M.

H. M. H. M. H. M. H. M. Halifax, N. S... 10 0 1 42 1 30 5 1 Pittsburgh, Pa...

8 54 0 36 0 24 3 55 Augusta, Me....

9 35 1 17 1 5 4 36 Charleston, S. C... Portland, Me. 9 33 1 15 1 3 4 34 Savannah, Ga...

8 50 0 32 0 20 3 51 Boston, Mass.. 9 30 1 12 1 0 4 31 St. Augustine, Fa.

8 491 0 30 0 18 3 49 Quebec, L. C.... 9 29 1 11 0 59 4 30

8 45 0 27 0 15 3 46

Havana, Cuba.. Providence, R. I...

Detroit, Mich...

8 42 0 24 0 12 3 43 Concord N. H.. 9 28 1 10 0 58 4 29 Cincinnati, Ohio..

8 37 0 19 0 7 3 38 Hartford, Conn..

9 24 1 6 0 54 4 25 Tallahassee, Fa... 8 361 0 18 0 6 3 37 New Haven, Conn 9 22 1 4 0 52 4 23 Louisville, Ky..

8 32 0 14 0 2 3 33 Montreal, L. C.....

8 30 0 12 ev.24 3 31 9 19 1 1 0 49 4 20|Indianapolis, Ind. Albany, N. Y..

Nashville, Tenn.

827 0 9 11 571 8 28 New-York City. 9 18 1 0 0 48 4 19 Chicago, Ill.....

8240 6 11 54 3 25 Trenton, N. J.. 9 16 0 58 0 46 4 17 Tuscaloosa, Ala..

8 23 0 5 11 53 3 24 Phlladelphia..

8 21 0 3 11 51 3 22 Utica, N. Y....

9 14 0 560 44 4 15 Mobile, Ala...
Madison, Wis..

8 16

evist Baltimore, Md..

11 46 3 17 9 8 0 50 0 38 4 9 Springfield, Ill..

11 59 Auburn, N. Y..

New-Orleans, Lou.. 8 14 11 56 11 44 3 15 Harrisburgh, Pa...

9 7 0 49 0 37 4 S
St. Louis, Mo...

8 13111 55 11 43 3 14 Kingston, U. c...

Natchez, Miss.

8 911 51 11 39 3 10 Washington, D. C....

Little Rock, Ark..

S 611 48 11 36 37 9 6 0 48 0 36 4 7 Geneva, N. Y.

Vera Cruz, Mexico. 7 50 11 32 11 20 2 51 Petersburgh, Va.. 9 5 0 47 0 35 4 6 Iowa City.

7 47 11 29 11 17 2 48 Richmond, Va.. 9 4 0 46 0 34 4 5 Austin, Tex..

7 43 11 25 11 13 2 44 Rochester, N. Y 9 3 0 45 0 33 4 4 Mexico, Mex...

7 38 11 20 11 8 2 89 Buffalo, N. Y.

8 59' 0 41 0 29 4 o Santa Fe, New Mexico.. 7 10 10 52 10 40 2 11 Raleigh, N. C...

Oregon City....

9 521 9 40 1 11 Toronto, U. C... 8 57 0 39 O 27 9 59 Monterey, Cal..

9 49 9 371 1 8 Georgetown, S. C...

8 57 0 39 0 27 3 58
San Francisco, Cal..

9 46 9 341 1 5 Panama, N. G..

Astoria, Oregon,...

9 41 9 29 1 0 Note.-This table is arranged in order of longitude, and those places whose difference of longitude does not exceed one ininute of time, are united.

!

Moon rise

7 digits

True Time.

mark, the watch must be set 12 minutes and 33 The Sun is on the meridian at 12 o'clock on four seconds past twelve, which will be the true time. days only in the year. It is sometimes as much The practice of setting time-pieces by the rising as 16 1-4 minutes before or after twelve when its or setting of the Sun or Moon is not strictly corshadow strikes the noon-mark on the sun-dial. rect; as the unevenness of the earth's surface On each calendar page of this Almanac is shown and intervening objects, such as hills aud forests, the exact time when the Sun reaches the meridi- near the points of rising and setting, occasion a an, or the shadow the noon-mark; and in order deviation, in every place, from the time ex. to set a clock or watch correctly, it must, when pressed in the Almanac, which time is adapted it is noon by the sun-dial or noon-mark, be set to a smooth, level horizon. The only means of at the time indicated in the Almanac. Thus, on keeping correct time is by the use of a noon-mark, the 25th of January, when the Sun is on the noon- or a meridian line.

M35370

per m.

Principai Bodies in the Solar System.
Mean

Rev'lut'a Revolut'n Veloc.

Mean distance
NAMES.

Size the Dens ty Light around on

Eurth
Dianeter from the Sun.

-Earth Earth the Sun. axis. in orbt

bring 1.

being 1. being 1. Miles. Miles.

yre. ds.

d. h. m. M.les. THE SUN. 883,246

25 9 59 1,412,921.101' 0.252 infin. Mercury.

8,224 36,814,000 88 1 0 5 1,827 0.053 1.120, 6.680 Venus.

7,687 68,787,000

224

23 21 1,338 0.909 0.923 1.911 The Earth. 7,912 95,103,000 1

23 56 1,138 1.000 1.000 1.000 The Moon.. 2,180 95,103,000 1 27 743 38

0.020 0.615 1.000 Mars 4,189 144,908,000 1 321 1 0 87 921

0.125 0.948 0.431 Jupiter.

89,170 494,797,000 11 215 9 56 496 1,456.000 0.233 0.037 Saturn

79,042 907,162,000 29 167| 10 29 368 771.000 0.139 0.011 Uranus..

85,112 1,824,290,000 84 6 1 13 33 259 80.000 0.212 0.003 Nepture.. 41,500 2,854,000,000/164 226..

208 143.000' 0.140' 0.001 Noth.- There are twenty-fios small planets, called Asteroids, between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter, viz :-Flora, Clio, Vesta, Iris, Metis, Eunomia, Hebe, Pysche, Thetis, Melponiene, Massilia, Fortuna, Lutetia, Calliope, Thalia, Parthenope, Irene, Egeria, Astræa, Juno, Ceres, Pallas, and two not named. Eight of these were discovered in 1852.

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Rising and Setting of Planets. Astronomical Characters. The figures in the following table are correct Sun; • Moon; 8 Mercury; & Venus; for all places on or near the latitudes of Boston © Earth; 8 Mars; 2 Jupiter; 3 Saturn; and New-York; the longitude of different places Hi Uranus; & same longitude or near each other'; having no sensible effect upon the given times.

o 90 deg. apart; & opposition, or 180 deg. apart. When the hour is less than 6, it is in the morning; and when greater than 6, it is in the even

Signs of the zodiac. ing.

r Aries; 8 Taurus; I Gemini; Cancer;

New & Leo; TI Virgo; A Libra; m Scorpio; Date.

Plaget

Boston
York. Sagittarius ; 19 Capricorn ; Aquarius;

* Pisces.

H. M. H. M January 1 Mars sets...

6 18 6 22

The Planet Saturn. 10 Saturn sets

4 85 4 32 20 Venus sets..

5 36 5 41 English papers inform us that discoveries of an February 1 Mars se's..

6 28 6 26 importaut and most interesting kind, have lately 10 Venus sets

6 30 6 32 been made as to the planet Saturn, by the new 20 Mercury sets... 7 8 7 9 monster telescope of Mr. Craig: namely, that the March 1 Saturn sets..

1 18 i 13 rings are not rings at all, but urches of the most 10 Venus sets..

7 4017 40 perfectly geometrical formation; not of equal 20 Jupiter rises..

4 41 4 38 thickness, nor chamfered, but rather with terApril 1 Mercury rises.. 4 54 4 52 race-like mouldings. And hence the appearance

10 Saturn sets... 10 5110 46 of the outward ring, consisting of several con20 Venus sets

9 22 9 17 centric rings. From this appearance, it is now May 1 Saturn sets..

9 39 9 84 supposed that none of the rings are in the same 10 Jupiter rises.

1 44 1 41 plane 20 Venus sets..

10 18 10 12 June 1 Jupiter rises.. 0 201 0 17

The Moon. 10 Mercury sets.

9 21 9 15 20 Venus sets..

10 18 10 14

Every object on the surface of the moon of the July 1 Mars rises.

8 4 3 9 height of one hundred feet, is distinctly seen 10 Jupiter rises.

9 47 9 45 through Lord Rosse's telescope. On its surface 20 Venus sets,

9 31! 9 29 are craters of extinct volcanoes, rocks, and massAngust 1 Mercury rises. 8 25 3 80 es of stone, almost innumerable. But there are 10 Mars rises..

2 25 2 80 no signs of habitations such as ours; no vestige 20/Venus sets..

8 5.8 ! of architectural remains, to show that the moon September 1 Saturn rises.... (11 42 11 47 is, or ever was, inhabited by a race of mortals 10 Mars rises..

2 1 2 6 similar to ourselves. No water is visible, no'sea, 20 Jupiter sets.

2 58 3 1 no river; all seems desolate. October 1 Saturn rises

9 50 9 58
10 Mercury sets.

6 10 6 14
20 Mars rises...
1 80 1 33

Mercury.
November 1 Saturn riges...

7 471 7 52

This planet will be brightest about Feb. 15, 10 Venus rises..

8 14 3 14 June 11, and Oct. 8, at which times it will be quite 20 Mercury rises. 5 15 5 12 likely to be visible, being then in the west immeDecember 1 Mars rises.

045 46 diately after sunset. This planet will be bright10 Venas rises..

3 20 8 18 est again about April 6, Aug. 4, and Nov. 22, when 201Jupiter sets... 9 21 9 24 it will be in the east just before sunrise.

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EQUINOXES AND SOLSTICES, NOTES, LEAP-YEAR, TIDE-TABLE, ETC.

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Notes.

Tide Table. VENUS will be evening star until October 1st, The Calendar pages of this Almanac exhibit then morning star the balance of the year. MARS the time of high-water at New-York and Boston. will be evening star until April 9th, then morning To find the time of high-water at any of the folstar the remainder of the year. JUPITER will be lowing places, add to or subtract from the time evening star until January 29th, then morning of high-water at New-York, as below. (There is star until August 21st, then evening star the bal- a great deal of uncertainty about the tides, in ance of the year. SATURN will be evening star consequence of the direction and strength of the until June 10th, then morning star until Decem- winds.) ber 18th.

H, M. The Moon will run highest this year October

H. M.

Albany. add 6 34 New Haven .add 2 4 29th, to the 6th degree of Gemini, having a declination of 28° 0' 14" north. It will run lowest Oc-| Annapolis, Md.sub. 1 51 New-London...sub. 0 21

....sub. 1 55 tober 16th, to the 6th degree of Sagittarius, hav- Annapolis, N.S.add 1 49 Newport...

Amboy.. ..sub. 0 39 Norfolk.. ...sub.0 41 ing a declination of 27° 59' 51.6" south. The Moon can never depart from the equator much Baltimore ..... add 5 7 Plymouth......add 2 19 further than the distances above given. The lon- Bridgeport.....add 2 0 Portland.. ....add 1 39 gitude of the Moon's ascending node at the be- Cape Split..... add 2 0 Portsmouth....add 2 9 ginning of 1855 is 49° 32.4" and on the 27th of Halifax, N. S...sub. 2 15 Quebec, Canada add 8 49

...add 2 9 Providence....sub. 0 41 December is 30° 31.6'. Apparent obliquity of the Holmes's Hole.add 1 4 Richmond.....sub. 2 25 ecliptic July 10th, 23° 27' 35.09". The Sun will be north of the equator this trop-Marblehead ... add 1 49 Sandy H’k,N.J.sub. 0 50

Hellgate....... add 1 41 Salem. ....add 2 19 ical year, dating from the solstice of December, Machias....... add 1 54 St. John's, N.B. add 2 49 1854, 186 days, 10 hours, 52 minutes ; and south Mobile Point... add 1 54 Sunbury........add 0 19 of it 178 days, 18 hours, 56 minutes ; showing a

New-Bedford..sub. 1 40) Windsor.......add 2 49 difference of 7 days, 15 hours, 56 minutes, which is caused by the slower motion of the Earth in the Summer season, when it is in that part of its orbit furthest from the sun.

Duration of the Seasons, etc. Distance of the Earth from the Sun January

M. 1st, 93,505,607 miles; July 3rd, 96,693,200 miles ; | Sun in Winter Signs.

89 1 8 Deceniber 31st, 93,507,857 miles ; and at its mean Sun in Spring Signs..

92 20 41 distance of 95,103,000 miles, April 2nd and Octo- Sun in Summer Signs.

93 14 11 ber 2nd

Sun in Autumnal Signs..

89 Venus will retrograde from the 8th of September Tropical Year...

.365 5 48 to the 19th of October. Mars will not be in oppo- Sun North of the Equator..

186 10 52 sition this year, and will not retrograde. Jupiter Sun South of the Equator... ..178 18 56 will retrograde from June 22nd to October 19th. Difference..

7 15 56 Saturn will retrograde until February 9th, and from October 12th to the end of the year. Venus will be visibly occulted or eclipsed by the

Jewish and Mohammedan Eras. Moon, April 18th, at 8h. 38m. evening at Washington; ends at 9h. 2m. : duration 24 minutes. The 5616th year of the Jews begins on the 13th

Mercury will be brighest, and in a position fa- of September. The 1272d year of the MOMAMMEvorable for visibility, about February 15th, June Dan era begins September 13th. 11 th, and October 8th ; at which times the planet will be in the west soon after sunset. It will be brighest also about April 5th, August 4th, and TO ASCERTAIN THE LENGTH OF THE DAY AND NIGHT, November 22nd, at which times Mercury rises at any time of the year, add 12 hours to the early in the morning before the Sun.

Venus will be brightest on the 25th of August time of the Sun's setting, and from the sum suband November 6th.

tract the time of rising, for the length of the day. The rings of Saturn will be visible all this year, the remainder add the time of rising next morn

Subtract the time of setting from 12 hours, and to with the aid of a telescope, their southern sur-ing, for the length of the night. These rules are face being now presented to the earth.

Good FRIDAY occurs April 6th, EASTER April 8th, equally true for apparent time.
and WHITSUNDAY May 27th.

Chronological Cycles.
Leap-Year.

Dominical Letter, G; Golden number, 13; Jer.

ish Lunar Cycle, 10 ; Epact (Moon's age Jan. 1,) Leap-years are those that are exactly divisible 12; Solar Cycle, 16; Roman Indiction, 13 ; Juby 4, and also by 400, and not by 100. The year lian Period, 6568; Age of the world, (Septuagint,) 1000 therefore will not be a leap-year.

(7363.

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