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nearly all Europe. The word has been found to have given name to the whole said to imply horsemen, warriors, men of that kingdom. In like manner, the of the woods, men with long hair and Headland of France gave denomination with tails, but wbether these tails were to a great part of that kingdom. But of long hair, or such as Lord Monboddo Headlands and Hills were very often dedescribes belonging to his men in one scribed by the same words; and hence of the Nicobar islands, I dare not de- the hills on the borders of kingdoms, may cide. They have been derived also from also appropriately give names to their Celtus, a son of Hercules and Polyphe Border Lands. mia, and from many other inapplicable These principles being understood, etymons. From these, and others which I will now explain the name of a country I shall quote, you will, Mr. Editor, referred to by all writers, ancient and mos scarcely know the Celts; but I will en- dern. They say, that from Gomer came deavour to point out the import of their the Galatæ. I will not deny this pronaine satisfactorily to your readers. buble conjecture; but from the principles
In doing this, you must not expect me here laid down,. I ain to shew'that Gato begin with Gümer, nor to trace them latia took its name from the features of from Noah to Wales; you will allow me the country only. It is easy to conceive to survey a small part of the globe only, that the increase of mankind must have to view its features and its provinces. produced nations, and national names, as
An antiquary or historian describes above described: Galutiu is such an one. the remains of a people, a country, or Monsieur Brigande says, " that it is place; but the import of the name by the universal opinion of all authors who which this people, country, or place, is have written on the origin of nations, Enown, having rested in Cimmerian that the Celtes were the children of Godarkness from the earliest tinies, is al. mer, the eldest son of Japhet. This ways mistaken or omitted. I will there. nation, from which so many others have fore attempt to lay down a few more sprung, have preserved the name of their rules to dissipate this darkness. If, in progenitor from the most early age after doing this, I can arrest a mania with the deluge, down to the present days.". which Fancy has infected wise, learned, I will not follow this author, but refer 102 and really good men, of all ages, in him: he acknowledges that it is easier to tracing their descents, my labour will be find an etymology for the name Celts, fully compensated.
than to prove it to be a true one; but he Settlements, districts, provinces, and renders it from the Hebrew word Gas kingdoms, were in the earliest ages' of letha, thrust out at a distance, pushed the world, first named from their prin- forwards. The Greek and Latin lane cipat features. The Hill Border, the guages, he'says, offer no resource for this Head Border, or the Water Border, in etymology. Monsieur Perron, on the description, often reach to a great extent Celtes, mistaking the root of Cal or Cale, within ot beyond this Hill, Head; or & head or hill, in finding the name Water. The Dobuni of our own coun. Celtæ, supposes it to mean an harbour fry were the Stream-Borderers, from or port, which signifies, he says, the same Dob, a Streain, and En, or An, varied to with the Celtæ. He here indeed exUn, a terin for Border' Land. These actly hits the spelling, but mistakes the were also called the Huiccii, from Ic, root from whence it came, and consę., Uíc, or Wick, Border Land; and some of quently the true meaning. He elsewhere these people lived far from the Stream however contradicts himself in this, as which gave them nate. The Canti ine' well as in a variety of other cases, and habited lands far from their Heud which supposes “ the word Celta, as well as gave themi name. The Belgæ, derived' Gaul, to imply powerful, valiant, or va. from Bel Bordcr, and Ge Land, bad inha- lörous.” The Greeks, he says, also bitants far fruit their Border; and their gave the name Galatæ to the Gauls. name was translåted Ham, or Border,' by But the Celtæ, at least a part of them, the Saxons, who never dreamt of their this anthor states, were cailed Cimbrians, being any more the descendants of the and Cimmerians.
The word Cimbri, Belgæ of the continent,' than were the he inapplicably derives from the Latin Caoti, the Regni, or other nations of Cimber, and this from Kimber or Kinn. this island. Land' on the coast, often' per, which, in the Celtic, (he says) is a gave name to a great extent of land in' warrior. As for Cimmerian, it is what the interior. Thus the Head of Lands in' the ancient Grecians (he says) softened' Spain which runs into the ocean, will be out of Cimbri, or Einbrian ; and here he