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in its present form. The Deluge, and its effects on the earth's strata. Marine shells,
Anatomy and Physiology - - - - - - - - - - - 231
A PPE N DIX.
No. II. Experimental illustrations of the pressure of the atmosphere.
No. III. On the means by which it may probably be ascertained whether the Moon be a hat-ta-
No. IX. On Steam Navigation.
No. X. Strictures on a certain sentiment respecting Human Redemption.
No. XI. Extract from Dr. Dwight.
No. XII. List of Popular Works on the different sciences treated of in this volume, with wo.
C HR IS TI A N PHILOSOPHE R.
IN T R O DUCTION.
Or to subject of Religion, mankind have, in all ages, been prone to run into extremes. While some have been disposed to attach too much importance to the mere exertions of the human intellect, and to unagine that man, by the light of unassisted reason, is able to explore the path to true wisdom and happiness, the greater part offeligionists, on the other hand, have been disposed to treat scientific knowledge, in its relation to religion, with a degree of indifference bordering upon contempt. Both these dispositions are equally foolish and preposterous. For he who exalts human reason, as the only sure guide to wisdom and felicity, forgets, that man, in his present state, is a depraved intelligence, and, consequently, liable to err ; and that all those who have been left solely to its dictates, have uniformly ailed in attaining these desirable objects. Juring a period of more than 5,800 years, the greater part of the human race have been left solely to the guidance of their eational powers, in order to grope their way to the Tempe of Knowledge, and the Portals of Immortality; but what has been the result of all their anxious researches 3 Instead of acquiring correct notions of the Great Author of their existence, and of the nature of that homage which is due to his perfections, “they have become vain in their imaginations, and their foolish hearts have been darkened Professing themselves to be wise, they have become fools; and have changed the glory of the Incorruptible God into an image made like to corruptible man, and to four-sooted beasts, and creeping things." Instead of acquiring correct views of the principles of moral action, and conducting themselves according to the eternal rules of rectitude, they have displayed the operation of the most diabolical passions, indulged in continual warfare, and desolated the earth with rapine and horrid carnage; so that the history of the world presents to our view little more than a series of revolting details of the depravity of our species, and of the wrongs which one tribe of human beings has wilfully inflicted upon another. This has been the case, not only among a few uncultivated hordes on the coas's of Africa, in the plains of Tartary, and the wilds of America, but even among those nations which stood highest in the ranks of civilization, and of science.—
The ancient Greeks and Romans, who boasted of their attainments in philosopny, and their progress in the arts, entertained the most foolish, contradictory, and unworthy notions of the Object of Divine worship, of the requirements of religion, and of the eternal destiny of man. They adored a host of divinities characterized by impiety, fraud, injustice, falsehood, lewdness, treachery, revenge, murder, and every other vice which can debase the human mind, instead of offering a tribute of rational homage to that Supreme Intelligence who made and who governs the universe. Even their priests and philosophers indulged in the most degrading and abominable practices.and entertained the most irrational notions in regard to the origin of the universe, and the moral government of the world. Most of them denied a future state of retribution, and all of them had their doubts respecting the reality of an immortal existence: and as to the doctrine of a resurrection from the dead, they never dreamed of such an event, and scouted the idea, when proposed to them, as the climax of absurdity. The glory to which their princes and generals aspired, was, to spread death and destruction among their fellow-men—to carry fire and sword, terror and dismay, and all the engines of destruction, through surrounding nations—to fill their fields with heaps of slain—to plunder the survivors of every earthly comfort, and to drag captive kings at their chariot wheels—that they might enjoy the splendour and the honours of a triumph. now stated, with regard to the most enlightened nations of antiquity, will equally apply to the present inhabitants of China, of Hindostan, of the Japanese Islands, of the Birman Empire, and of every other civilized nation on which the light of revelation has never shone—with this additional consideration, That they have enjoyed an additional period of 1800 years for making further investigations; and are, at this moment, as far from the object of their pursuit as when they first commenced their researches; and not only so, but some of these nations, in modern times, have mingled with their abominable superstitions and idolatries many absurdities and horrid cruelties, which were altogether unknown among the Greek and Roman population. Such are the melancholy results to which men have been led, when left to the guidance
What has been .