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the rebel army and the source of its supplies. It | his affairs, than an indolent, lazy man of the brighthad the effect, indeed, of extinguishing the rebellion est sense, and of the most solid judgment; so, since throughout the country; and on its importance I cannot flatter myself to have a title to the last Lovat did not fail duly to descant. “ This,” he character, I ought to thank God that I am of a very said, “ was the greatest service that was done in active temper, and I'll be so far from relenting that this country to any king."

I 'll double my activity if possible.” The first fruit of gratitude, was his unqualified The dispute relative to the estate, was referred to pardon, and the gift of the forfeited estates of the arbitration of two lawyers of eminence, who, in M'Kenzie, the heiress' husband, who had joined the deciding in Lovat’s favor, fixed upon him a small rebels. He thus obtained a legal title to the life burden to the persecuted M'Kenzie. “I have,” interest of the Lovat estates; and it was lucky for said Lovat, with his Highland emphasis of expreshis neighbors, that his attempt to obtain the full sion, “been cheated, abused, sold; my papers property kept him in litigation for many years. embezzled, robbed, and given up to my enemies;

When he went north, he found Duncan Forbes in short, treacherously, villanously, and ungratefully fortifying Culloden House, and immediately struck betrayed and sold.” Upon the authors of his wrongs up a strong attachment for a young lawyer who had he pours forth at length, consigning them ultimately the ear of Argyle, and was rising fast to influence to the contempt of mankind and the judgment of and honor. Indeed, there was nothing to which Heaven. Lovat more devoted his attention, than the securing Litigation operated as a sedative on the corrosions the support of young men evidently rising in the of unabsorbed energy, under which he chafed. world, and who would be likely to remember it But having brought his lawsuits to a triumphant when themselves great men. It was this which close, he began, as was the manner of Highland induced him, in a field near Edinburgh, now a lairds, to “birse yont;' and thus by gradual squatstreet, to entwine his arms in endearing rapture ting on the grounds of a neighbor, contrived, by round the neck of Henry Home, and protest how the aid of a little confusion as to the principle of much he was overwhelmed by his beauty. “ Haud property, to appropriate now and then a field, or awa'," said the embryro Lord Kames, " I ken very perhaps a mountain, or a loch. If the neighbor weel that I am the ugliest and most black-a-vised grew troublesome and grumbled at these inroads, fellow in a’ the court of session : you needna think he generally received a visit from Lovat’s gillies, to impose upon me wi’ your fair-fashioned speeches. who were reasonable, if they did no more than -Hae dune-hae dune!”—“Weel, Harry,” said hough his cattle, or fire his house about his ears. Lovat,“ ye're the first man I ever met with wha He never in this way owed any man ill-will; he had the sense to withstand flattery.”—“ Thank ye, always made present payment. my lord—very glad to hear ye say it." Et rem Lovat's history is the best illustration of the acu teligerat.

blessings resulting from the annihilation of the heTo secure the grant of the Lovat estates, the legal reditary jurisdictions. The petty chiefs in their knowledge of Forbes was put under requisition. own straths, exercised a despotism, which though “I want a gift of the escheat (forfeited property) it had its origin in custom, was not less absolute to make me easy ; but if it does not do, you must than that of the sultan over a nation of Turks. In find me some pretence or other, that will give me a the middle of last century, these personages hanged title to keep possession.”. He also implored Forbes their vassals according to their pleasure, and when to prevent the pardon of his neighbors Glengarry we remember, that, over all the north, these nuclei and The Chisholm, and to divert some of their for- of mischief existed—that every chief had a quarrel feitures his way.

with his neighbor, in which his vassals were In the midst of the war of litigation, which he always involved, and that the sole education these found it necessary to set agoing, to secure the miserable wretches received, was that of robbery estates, he appears to have tried the honesty of his or murder, as exemplified in the conduct of Lovat agent to the utmost. The scrupulous writer to the towards them, it may truly be said, that no single signet, was under the necessity of reading a lecture act did more to change the face of Scotland, than to his master; and he received, in answer, a detail the destruction of the source from which these evils of those principles which ought to guide a practical Aowed. The law administered by a bad governman, in his intercourse with mankind.

ment is often hard to bear; but the lion is not such “I had," said Lovat, “the honor of your fine an object of dismay, as the swarms of little loathmorale and philosophicale letter by this post, and tho some animals that arise from his dead carcass, each it is writ in a very pathetick, smooth way, yet I crawling in a way of its own. The connexion have read so many good authors on the subject, between chief and vassal had begun to decline when without being able to reduce their advice to prac- Lovat was settled in his domains; and he set to tice, that an epistle from a Scotch lawyer, can have work, with all his energy, to create a resurrection but very little influence on me, that now by long of the departed spirit. He discouraged schools, experience knows, that those fine moral reflections hunted out disaffection, and plied the people with are no more but a play of our intellectuals. You every flattery that would rouse military ardor, or may give me as many bonnie words as you please, devotion to himself. He knew almost every man but words will never gain me the estate of Lovat, in the Highlands, of the slightest note. When he nor my peerage, without assiduously acting that met one having pretensions to be a Duinheuassail, part I ought, to get that effectuat ; and though some he bombastically praised the clan whose name he people charged me with liking some of the Roman bore, and instanced its acts of bravery in former Catholic principles, yet I do assure you, that I do days. Prophecies and dreams, and the language not expect new miracles in my favors, and that I of holy writ, he was ever ready with, as occasion am fully resolved to use all the ordinary meanes in served ; and, when with supernatural agency, he my power to save my family. I must tell you I had worked his hearers up to the requisite enthusialwise observed, since I came to know anything in asm, he would leave them with a dexterous insinuthe world, that an active man with a small under-ation as to the downfall of their greatness, unless standing, will finish business, and succeed better in they rallied round their chief. If he would meet

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with one, whose circumstances were lower by a resided for some months. Lovat's house, considfifth or a tenth part, he would ask his name, and ered according to modern ideas, was comfortless his father's, of whom in his latter days he pretended enough. He received his company and kept pubignorance; but generally said : “I believe I knew lic table, after the manner of a petty court, in the your grandfather very well, and a worthy man he room where he slept; and the only place his lady was; well did it set him to wear a belted plaid, and had was also her bed-room. The servants and rea broadsword; there are but few like him now-a- tainers had nothing but straw, spread on the four days; you resemble him very much, but not quite lowe apartments in the house. About four hunso brawny.” A sentence or two would then be dred persons would often thus be kennelled together; given, as to the old gentleman's intrepidity on the and Ferguson declares, that of these wretched defields of Cromdale and Killicrankie, or he would pendents, he has seen three or four, and sometimes trace him up to the days of Montrose-fighting half a dozen, hung up by the heels, for hours, on against the covenanters. The smaller gillies had the trees around the mansion, to expiate offences. also their genealogy traced backwards for genera- The tables ran along the length of the room, and tions; and an undying devotion kindled in their were carried out at the door to the lawn in front of hearts, by proof tendered by him of their relation- the house. Near the chief were set the distinship to himself. He could do with them what he guished guests or neighboring chief, entertained pleased. He led them in favor of the government, with claret and French cookery; next in progresin the first rebellion, after recalling them from the sion were the Duinheuassails of the clan, who had service of Mar; he led them against the govern- beef and mutton and a glass of port; the “pretiy ment in the '45, and at one blow struck down the handsome fellows' came next, and were honored fruit of all his policy.

with sheep's-head and whiskey; and, lastly, the He sometimes issued pious proclamations, in mass of the useless, old, and maimed, waited on which, with some end to serve, he would ascend the lawn for such relics as their berters left. Under through the whole gamut of virtuous emotion—from this system everything was eaten. But the best Christian forgiveness to seraphic love. To heighten part of it all was the discriminating courtesy with the effect, he would tell thein he was on his death- which Lovat noticed his respective guests. bed, as in the following instance, wherein he whips lord, here is excellent venison-here turbot. Call them up to the requisite enthusiasm :

for any wine you please ; there is excellent claret “ MY DEAR FRIENDS, -Since, by all appearances, and champagne on the side-board.”. To the next this is the last time she had a great number of last class it would be—“ Pray now, Dunballoch, or times) of my life I shall have occasion to write to Kinbockie, help yourselves to what is before you ; you, Í being now very ill of a dangerous fever, 1 there are port and Lisbon, ale and porter excellent.” do declare to you before God, before whom I must Then raising his voice for the rabble-"Pray, redappear, and all of us at the great day of judgment, haired Donald," or by whatever other name the that I loved you all; I mean you and all the rest gillie would be known, “ Pray, help yourself and of my kindred and family, who are for the standing my other cousins to that fine beef and cabbage; of their chief and name; and as I loved you, so I there are whiskey-punch and beer for you." loved all my faithful commons in general, more But life at Castle Dounie began to get dull. A. than I did my own life, or health, or comfort, or pension froin government and the estates secured, satisfaction. I did design to make my poor com- were not enough. His inroads upon his neighbors, mons live at their ease, and have them always well too, were not always attended with the desired succlothed, and well armed after the Highland manner, cess, and he bitterly complains of Glengarry, who and not to suffer them to wear low country clothes, would " as soon part with his liver or his lungs'' but make them live like their forefathers, with the as with one acre of his lands. Ease and plenty use of their arms, that they might always be in a just gave him a lever for a renewed war with existcondition to defend themselves against their ene- ing things. All the loyalty and obedience called mies, and to do service to their friends, especially forth, like beautiful frost-work, in the season of his to the great Duke of Argyle, and his worthy bro- exile, dissolved under the warm sun of prosperity. ther the Earl of Islay. And you may depend upon

Tolle periculum it, and you and your posterity will see it and find it, that if you do not keep steadfast to your chief, I

Jam vaga prosiliet frenis natura remotis. mean the heir-male of iny family, but weakly and From the year 1719 down to the '45, he was confalsely, for little private interest and views, abandon tinually engaged in fomenting rebellion ; on the your duty to your name, and suffer a pretended point of being often exposed, and obliged as freheiress and her Mackenzie children, to possess your quently to take all kinds of oaths, and make all country, and the true right of the heirs-male, ihey sorts of declarations in favor of government, always will certainly, in less than an age, chase you all by coming to his determinations according to the law slight and might, as well gentlemen as commons, of the strongest, which was his gospel, and settling out of your native country, which will be possessed his cases of conscience according to his interest. by the Mackenzies and ihe Macdonalds ; and you in the year 1719, he wrote Lord Seaforth that he will be like the miserable, unnatural Jews, scattered would be ready to join the ill-concerted Jacobile and vagabonds throughout the unhappy kingdom scheme of Spanish invasion then concocted. His of Scotland ; and the poor wives and children that letter was communicated at London; and he posted remain of the name, without a head or protection, south to meet his vile calumniators by denouncing when they are told the traditions of their family, them; applying the maxim to the defence of charwill be cursing from their hearts the persons and acter--that it is the best security of one's own counmemory of those unnatural, cowardly, kvavish men, try to carry the war into the enemy's. who sold and abandoned their chief, their name, His accustomed success attended him ; the newstheir birthright and their country.”

papers of the day announcing that “ His majesty King, in his Monumenta Antiqua, has given us had done the Lord Lovat the honor to be godfather the experiences of James Ferguson the astronomer, to his child." Ten years later, in 1729, he was as to the nature of life at Castle Dounie, where hel on the point of being again found out, through “the

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barbarous villany,” as he terms it, of one of his my precise and express orders;' and I said but what own clan ; but being more secure this time in the was true. Lovat thus speaks in the year 1740. matter of evidence, he could assume, with consid- Prince Charles landed ; and then began the conerable firmness, the tone of injured innocence. “I test between present competence with safety, and bless God," this good man meekly said, " I never future greatness with the risk of the loss of all. was, in my life, guilty of a base or villanous action ; His patent of a dukedom and his commission of so I do not fear this wicked calumny.” In an elab- lieutenant-general of the Highlands had been reorate memorial, which he afterwards sent to Lord ceived ; but there stood in front of him the grim Islay, he argues the matter from the acknowledged spectres he had seen swinging on the scaffolds of facts, and next according to the theory of probabil- the '15, and he had known from experience the ities. It is really very shocking to find such a man, long train of confiscation that was sure to follow. taking the most solemn subjects in his mouth, and Even in the tourbillon of his passions, he could protesting, as he believed in God and a future estimate the character of parties. In youth he state," that he was innocent of the crimes he was never was an enthusiast; and in old age he was at the very moment industriously hatching. “Since not likely to be led away. He saw, however, but the year 1719, I solemnly declare before God, and little, presumed a great deal, and so juniped to his as I must answer to hiin at the great day of judg- conclusion ; hastening from the wish conceived to ment, I did not write any one single letter beyond the end contemplated. After Lochiel had declared, seas, or to any man in the Pretender's service or and before he himself had taken active measures, interest.” At the tiine he wrote this, he was in he wrote that chieftain a characteristic letter, which correspondence with the Jacobite court for his patent much tickled Sir Walter Scout by its shrewd estiof a dukedom.

mate of his countrymen—" My service to the His wavering inclinations took shape in 1737, prince; but I wish he had not come here so empty when he was ai the head of all the disaffected par- handed-siller would go far in the Highlands. ties in the north. On his trial, he said justly, ihat At the same time he sent off a letter, in the manly " for many years I was the life and spirit of the style, to the lord-advocate, requesting a supply of king's (James) affairs in these countries.” Inac- arms for his clan; for no ill-usage would “alter or cessible as were his dominions, news of his proceed- diminish my zeal and attachment for his majesty's ings reached the government, to whom it appeared person and government." He next commenced a necessary immediately to remove so dangerous a correspondence with Duncan Forbes, then lord man from everything like legal power. One by one, president, in the same strain. He was unable to therefore, his offices of lord-lieutenant and sheriff tell the issue of the conflict, and so kept see-sawing of Inverness, and his command of the independent backwards and forwards, making the most solemn company raised there, were taken from him. Of protestations of fidelity to both parties, until the course innumerable letters, with outbursts of indig- battle of Prestonpans, which appeared so decisive nation descriptive of innocence wronged, trampled that the fiery cross was sent over the whole Fraser on, and abused, were written ; all the figures of a country, and 700 men were enrolled for the rebels. copious rhetoric, employed during a whole life-time That battle, indeed, was magnified throughout the in deploring the success of slanderers and the un- north into the complete annihilation of the governhappy fate of the virtuous, were laid under contri- ment troops; and one can easily imagine the kind bution. “I bless God,” he concludes, “ that what- of frantic enthusiasm described in the following letever I suffer, or may suffer, no power can take ter of Duncan Forbes, then engaged in suppressing away the comfort I have, of a clear conscience and the rebellion. an opright heart, that never betrayed a private man

3d October, 1745. por a public cause." In 1740, he had an interview

“I have just received the twenty bolls of meal with Lord Islay, when in the midst of the organization of the rebellion, and hourly expecting his patent. The concern I am under, for the folly of some of

you sent me, for which I shall pay you on demand. Accused of Jacobitism, “ I answered his lordship with a little warmth that these stories were calum" my neighbors, is very great. The late unexpected nies and lies.” To prove this, he entered into a and near it, has blown up their hopes to that degree,

successes their friends have met with, at Edinburgh confederacy with the patriot party, who opposed the that they are apt to look upon the whole affair as over, government, but equally hated the Jacobites. He and to rush upon a danger, which seems to them to immediately set to work to create votes in Inverness- be none at all, but to me appears to be almost cershire, and found among his Jacobite friends some tain destruction. They will not believe the London ridiculous scruples, on the ground of being obliged Gazette, which name the Swiss and Dutch regito take the oaths to government, to obtain the qual- ments that have actually come into the river Thames. ification. “Write strongly," he said, “ to Glen- They look upon what it says of the embarkation of garry, to persuade him to take the oaths. I know

10 British battalions at Williamstadt as a fiction ; he has no regard for them ; so he should not stand to take a cart load of them, as I would do to serve in the north of England to resist them. Full of

nor will they believe one word of the preparations my friends.” This is the character of Simon Lord their vain hopes, they are flocking together with Lovat, summed up by himself, in brief terms.

intention to go southward and share in the expected With the exception of a single Fraser—" a poor, glory and spoil. But I have still some faint hopes covetous, narrow, greedy wretch,” who had" re- that they will recover their senses ere it is too late ; nounced his chief and kindred," and had discov- and I shall leave nothing undone, that is in my ered himself to be an unnatural traitor, an infamous deserter, and an ungrateful wretch to me, his chief, power; to prevent their folly and stop the contawho had done him such signal service,” he appears

gion.”-From MSS. to have been successful. The fate of this ungrate- Cautious to the last, Lovat would not appear ful slave is hinted at. “Duke Hamilton and sev- openly, and thus trusted that in case of a reverse, eral other lords asked me, in a joking way, whether he would escape the meshes of the law. On the that fellow that has deserted his chief and his clan, score of ill health he wrote the prince, that his son, is still alive or not? I answered that he was, by a young lad of 19, would lead ihe clan, and at the same time despatched a letter to the lord presi- This was the harbor of refuge into which Lovat dent, to the effect that there was nothing even out thought he could in the day of danger take shelter. of hell more false," than that he had anything to By writing strongly to the government officials in do with it. On the contrary, the clan were mad, favor of the government, and conjuring his Jacobite and his son was mad, and he, an old man, was un- friends to destroy all his letters, he had hoped that able to keep them from rushing into “ the villanous, however the moral evidence might preponderate, malicious, and ridiculous rebellion.” The corre- there would not be legal evidence to procure a conspondence has all the effect of farce. We have, viction. How he must have been startled, then, to turn about, a letter to Murray of Broughton, the find from the president that enough was already Jacobite secretary, and to Duncan Forbes as the known to seal his doom! organ of the government. The encouraging, bom- “Give me leave," continues the president, “to bastic, self-glorifying styles come out strongly in the tell you, my lord, even this falls under the conJacobite letters; the pathetic, indignant, resigned, struction of treason, and is no less liable to punishinjured, meekly forgiving styles are the characteris- ment than open rebellion, as I am afraid your lordtics of those to the president. Had Swift seen his ship will find when once this rebellion is crushed, correspondence, he would never have written as he and the government at leisure to examine into the did :

" As universal a practice as lying is, and as affair. And I am sorry to tell you, my lord, that easy a one as it seems, I do not remember to have I could sooner undertake to plead the cause of any heard three good lies in all my conversation, even one of those unhappy gentlemen who are just now from those who were most celebrated in that fac- actually in arms against his majesty, and I could ulty."

say more in defence of their conduct than I could in Forbes entreated, expostulated, reasoned, until defence of your lordship's. What shall I say in even his patience failed him. The Frasers marched favor of you, my lord ?-you, who have flourished -all too late for any good—and then Forbes wrote under the present happy establishment ?-you, who the well known letter, first given in the Culloden in the beginning of your days forfeited both your Papers, which, for solemnity of warping and earnest life and fortune, and yet by the benignity of the reproof, is only exceeded by its thorough apprecia- government were not only indulged the liberty of tion of his correspondent's character ; and in which living at home, but even restored to all you could the whole devices of Lovat are as plainly exposed lay claim to ; so that both duty and gratitude ought as if he had done it hiinself.

to have influenced your lordship’s conduct at this “ I can no longer remain a spectator of your lord- critical juncture, and disposed you to have acted a ship's conduct, and see the double game you have part quite different from what you have done; but played for some time past, without betraying the there are some men whom no duty can bind, nor no trust reposed in me, and at once risking my repu- favor can oblige.” tation and the fidelity I owe to his majesty as a This letter produced only an answer in the sugood subject. Your lordship's actions now discover perlative style of injured innocence.

" I see by it evidently your inclinations, and leave us no further (the latter) that for iny misfortune in having an obin the dark about what side you are to choose in the stinate, stubborn son, and an ungrateful kindred, my present unhappy insurrection. You have now so family must go to destruction, and I must lose my far pulled off the mask, that we can see the mark life in my old age. Such usage looks rather like a you aim at, though on former occasions you have Turkish or Persian government, than like a British. had the skill and address to disguise your intentions Am I, my lord, the first father that has had an unin inatters of far less importance ; and, indeed, me- dutiful and unnatural son?” thinks, a little more of your lordship’s wonted arti- The retreat from Derby told the downfall of his fice would not have been amiss. Whatever had hopes. The ragged and miserable Highlanders, been yonr private sentiments with respect to this after their temporary triumph at Stirling, received unnatural rebellion, you should, my lord, have duly their last defeat on the barren moor of Culloden. considered and estimated the advantages that would On that day, Lovat saw Charles for the first and arise to your lordship from its success, and balance last time; and, amid the panic of disaster, he alone them with the risks you run if it should happen to retained the energy of manhood. Each of the unmiscarry; and, above all things, you ought to have happy fugitives looked only for a refuge from the consulted your own safety, and allowed that the pursuing royalists. All community of action or of chief place in your system of politics, which I per- counsel vanished. In vain Lovat (after the first suade myself would have induced your lordship to agony of defeat had passed away) reminded the have played the game after quite a different manner chevalier that Bruce had lost eleven batiles, and esand with a much greater degree of caution and tablished his country's independence by the twelfth. policy. But so far has your lordship been from In vain he proposed to raise a force of 3000 men, acting with your ordinary finesse and circumspec- to defend the mountain passes, and compel at least tion on this occasion, that you sent away your son, an honorable capitulation. The spirit was dead and the best part of your clan, to join the pretender, within them ; and unrestricted scope was given to with as little concern as if no danger had attended the remorseless barbarity that pursued the wrecks such a step.

I say, sent them away; for we are of the rebel army. not to imagine that they went of themselves, or The fate of Lovat did not remain long undeterwould have ventured to take arms without your mined. Upwards of 80 years of age, corpulent and lordship’s concurrence and approbation. This, how- weakened by disease, which rendered him unable ever, you are pretty sure can't be easily proved, to walk, he had not the least chance of escape. He which I believe, indeed, may be true; but I cannot wandered through the barren regions that skirt Inthink it will be a difficult matter to make it appear verness and Argyle, tended by his gillies ; and was that the whole strain of your lordship's conversation at last apprehended in a hollow tree swathed in in every company where you have appeared since Aannel. He was conveyed in a litter by easy stages the pretender's arrival, has tended to pervert the to London, growing most boisterous in his buffoonminds of his majesty's subjects, and seduce them ery, as he saw his destiny fixed; and when placed from their allegiance.”

at the bar of the house of lords, to be “worried,”

notes."

as Horace Walpole called it, by the ablest lawyers of high Presbyterian principles, and partook largely of England, the old battered intriguer often put of the persecutions to which that national party them off with a laugh, or a happy repartee, or by had been exposed. After the revolution, the esthe exercise of a native humor that never failed him. tates of Forbes' father were ravaged by the troops Murray of Broughton, the king's evidence, who of Cannon and Buchan, as a punishment for his propter vitam vivendi perdidit causas, he rebuked in adherence to the usurper. For this he received, as the best moral style of his most eloquent letters; compensation, the right to make whiskey at a small and some compassion was excited by this pitiable duty, on his barony of Ferintosh, unhampered by appeal against the then barbarous mode of trial for the excise restrictions as to the nature of the still. treason in the south—"My lords, I have not had Being thus allowed to use the small stills, which the use of my limbs these three years ; I cannot give a more highly flavored material, the name of see, I cannot hear; and I beg, if your lordships Ferintosh became famous, and its proprietor was in have a mind I should have any chance of my life, the fair way to fortune. that you will allow either my counsel or my solicitor Forbes' parents were everything that was amiato examine my witnesses, and to cross-examine ble and excellent. Their children were children of those produced on behalf of the crown, and to take many a prayer; and his mother especially, even

He was unanimously found guilty, and when he had arrived at manhood, preserved the left the bar, bidding their lordships an everlasting same tender watchfulness over his happiness. His farewell. About a fortnight afterwards he was led only other near relation was a brother, with whom out to execution. Without affectation of indiffer- he lived in terms of the most endearing affection ; ence, or levity unbecoming the solemnity of death, and indeed it seems to have been impossible for he went through the last scene with a Roman for- any one to come within the sphere of Forbes' intitude and with a Horatian sentiment in his mouth. fluence, without being hurried into liking him. And thus died the most powerful of the Highland At the age of 19 he was sent to Edinburgh to chieftains—a man who, with the name of virtue college, and thereafter he went to Leyden, as was continually on his lips, cared not a rush for all the the manner of the Scottish lawyers of his day. He virtue in the world, though he would have given only remained a year abroad, returning in 1707 to much to have been able to secure a good character. commence life by marrying Mary Rose, a daughter

of Hugh Rose of Kilravok, who only survived a We have now to deal with a man the opposite short period, leaving her husband an only son, by of Lovat in all but intellectual capacity ; in read- whom he was succeeded in his estates. ing whose history we become prouder of our coun- He passed to the Scottish bar in 1708, and soon try, becouse it was his. A portrait of Duncan rose to high distinction as a judicious and eloquent Forbes, with all his fund of overflowing affection, pleader. In that day the patronage of lawyers was, sketched in the way Dickens has drawn fictitious in like manner as of literary men, not the patronage characters, would be a delightful study. Much of of the public, but of some great man; and Forbes him is now lost-it being only from a few letters was lucky in securing that of the great Argyle. that we can obtain a faint insight into the character From the correspondence preserved, this appears to of one, who stood in the foremost rank, if his great have taken more of friendship than of the connexion abilities be regarded in combination with their use of patron and vassal, though Forbes managed all ful application, and if his claim on the approbation the duke's estates, for which however he would of the world be united with that on its gratitude. never accept payment. Without the high talents that dazzle and astonish, He was actively engaged in the suppression of he had the enduring and sterling virtues which have the rebellion of the '15, and materially assisted mnade immortal Rome's proudest names her sub- Lovat in the reduction of Inverness. In his mililimest natures. His country he roused from inac- tary operations equally as in his more comprehention to industry-saved her by his energy and his sive civil designs, he displayed a judgment that we courage, improved her by his labors, adorned her look for in vain amid the professed military comby his virtues, and ennobled her by his talents and manders of his day. He seldom undertook any dehis fame.

sign which he did not accomplish—and when the One hundred and twenty pages are devoted to rage of strife had passed, he was the first to symthis man's life. The space was scarcely sufficient pathize with the unhappy vanquished, and his purse to give half the interesting relics of him that remain, was ever ready to relieve them. How noble a and the finer impulses of so good a heart are lost trait is this, in civil war, when men forget that forever, since all his writings refer to the public they are brethren! The strife in such a case is not matters in which, against his own happiness, he ended with a triumph and a treaty. The desolawas so largely mingled. Like the brilliant spots tion which follows the victory, exceeds in intensity on the highest mountains, when the sun has with all the horrors of ordinary warfare, in which a prudrawn his beams from the rest of the hills and val- dent regard for the morrow restrains the hands of leys, we may still perhaps discover, amid the ob- the victors of to-day. The ferocity of opposition scure mass of papers on public affairs, a bit here being stimulated by the necessity for after security, and a bit there, illustrative of the delicacy and the subjugation is not complete unless there is an loftiness of principle, the gentleness of heart, of one extinction of the last gleam of hope ; and while a who, though involved in the strife of insurrection foreign country recovers from its disasters, on the and civil war, has been consigned to an envied im- retreat of an invading army, the effects of civi! mortality, in the praises of the men whom his cour- war are felt in the long misery of years—the forage subdued.

feitures of possessions—the trials and the brutaliDuncan Forbes was the second son of a country ties of executions. It was difficult for any mind, gentleman, the proprietor of the estate of Culloden however well balanced, to preserve its tone of jusin Inverness-shire.' He was born in 1685—of a tice, under the party fury of the civil wars of the family which had, by the economy of successive last century; and it certainly is one of the rarest heirs, risen to considerable opulence. They were things, to find not only justice, but sympathy and

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