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Traitorous or disrespectful words against


during his absence, or be discharged, as the said court-
martial shall judge inost proper.

Art. 1. Whatsoever officer or soldier sha!)

priro sume to use traitorous or disrespectful words against congress or state the authority of the United States in Congress asse:


bled, or the legislature of any of the United States in which he may be quartered. if a commissioned officer, he shall be cashiered; if a non-commissioned oflirer or soldier, he shall'suffer such punishment as shall be in

flicted upon him by the sentence of a court martial. Contempt or dis.

ART. 2. Any officer or soldier who shall behavebimrespect towards self with contempt or disrespect towards the general, or

other commander-in-chief of the forces of the United States, or shall speak words tending to bis hurt or dishonor, shall be punished according to the nature of his

offence, by the judgment of a court-martial. Mutins-penalty ART. 3. Any officer or soldier who shall begin, extherefor.

cite, cause or join in any mutiny or sedition, in the troop, company, or regiment to which he belongs, or in any other troop or company in the service of the United States, or in any part, post, detachment, or guard, on any pretence whatsorver. shall suffer death, or such other punishment as by a court martial shall be inflicted.

Art. 4. Any officer, non-commissioned officer, or solSuppression of mulus-penaley dier, who, being present at any mutiny or srdition, does Morescendum vors, not use his utmost endeavor to suppress the sanje, or

coming to the knowledge of any intended mutiny, does not, without delay, give information thereof to his commanding officer, shall be punished by a court martial with death, or otherwise, according to the nature of the offence.

ART. 5. Any officer or soldier who shall strike his superior officer, or draw, or shall lift up any weapon, or offer any violence against him, being in the execution of his office, on any pretence whatsnever, or shall disobey AMU lawful command of his superior officer, shall sufler

or such other punishment as shall, according to the ulure of his offence, be inflicted upon hiin by the W of a court martial.

SECTION III. & 1. Every non-commissioned officer and solnie w tu shall enlist himself in the service of the United

will at the time of his so cnli ting, or within a diterwards, have the articles for the govern

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ment of the forces of the United States read to him, and shall, by the officer who enlisted him, or by the coinmanding officer of the troop or company into which he was enlistedi, be taken before the next justice of the peace, or chief magistrate of any city or town corpo. rate, not being an officer of the army, or, where recou se cannot be had to the civil magistrate, before the judge-advocate, anil, in his presence, shall take the following oath, or aflirmation, if conscientiously scrupuJous about taking an oathi:

I swear, op aflirm, (as the case may be.) to be true to Oath. the Unitei States of America, and to serve them honestly and faithfully against all their enemies or opposer's whatsoever; and to observe and obey the orders of the Continental Congress, and the orders of the generals and oficer's set over me by them.

Which justice or magistrate is to give the offirer a certificate, signifying that the man enlisted, did take the saill oath or aflirmation.

ART. 2. After a non-commissioned officer or soldier Discharge of shall have been duly enlisted and sworn, he shall not endorse organigra be dismissed the service without a discharge in writing; anal no discharge, granted to him, shall be allowed of as suficient, which is not signed by a field officer of the regiment into which he was enlisted, or commanding of ficer', where nu field officer of the regiment is in the Saine stite.

SECTION IV, ART. 1. Every officer commanding a regiment, Musters. troop, or company, shall, ipon the notice given to him by the commissary of misters, or from one of his deputies, assemble the regiment, troop, or company, under liis command, in the next convenient place for their being mastered

AKT 2. Every colonel or other field officer com Furloughs to manding the regiment, troop or company, and actually ed officers and residing with it, may give furlouglis to non commis sioned slicers and soldiers, in such mimbers, and for so wbom granted long a time, as he shall judging to be most consis. tent with the good of the servire; but, no non-commissioned ollicer or soldier shall, by leave of his captain, or interior officer, commanding the troop or company (his field officer nut being present) boc absent above twenty days in six months, phir shall nore than two) private men be absent at the same time from their troop or company, excepting some extraordinary occasion shall

soldiers-limitation of, and by



False certifi. cate.

require it, of which ocrasion the field officer, present

with, and commanding the regiment, is to be the judge. Absentees at ART. 3. At every muster, the commanding officer of caus in relation each regiment, troop, or company, there present, shall

give to the commissary, certificates, signed by bimself, signifying how long such oflicers, who shall not appear at the said muster, have been absint, and the reason of their absence; in like manner, the commanding officer of every troop or company shall give certificates, siguifying the reasons of the absence of the non-commissioned officers and private soldiers; which reasons, and time of absence, shall be inserted in the muster rolls opposite to the names of the respective absent oflicers and soldiers: The said certificates shall, together with the muster rolls, be remitted by the commissary to the Congress, as speedily as the distance of place will admit.

ART. 4 Every officer who shall be convicted before a general court martial of having signed a false certificate, relating to the absence of either officer or private

soldier, shall be cashiered. False musters

ART. 5. Every officer who shall knowingly make a penalty therefor. false muster of man or house', and every officer or com

missary who shall willingly sign, direct, or allow the signing of the muster rolls, wherein such false muster is contained, shall, upon proof made thereof by two witnesses before a general court martial, be cashiered, and shall be thereby utterly disabled to have or hold any office or employment in the service of the United States.

ART 6. Any commissary who shall be convicted of Commissary of musters receiv. having taken money, or any other thing, by way of waky or gravitica. gratification, on the mustering any regiment, troop, or

company, or on the signing the muster rolls, shall be displaced from his oflice, and shall be thereby utterly disabled to have or hold any oflice or employment un

der the United States. Musters of per ART. 7. Any officer who shall presume to muster any

person as a soldier, who is, at other times, accustomed to wear a livery, or who does not actually do his duty as a soldier, shall be deemed guilty of having made a false muster, and shall suffer accordingly.


sons not soldiers.


False returns,

ART. 1. Every officer who shall knowingly make a false return to the Congress, or any committee thereof, to the commander-in-chief of the forces of the United States, or to any, his superior officer, authorized to call

for tailure.

for such returns, of the state of the regiment, troop, or company, or garrison, under bis command, or of arms, ammunition, clothing, or other stores thereunto belonging, shall, by a court martial, be cashiered.

ART. 2. The commanding officer of every regiment, Monthly returns troop, or independent company, or garrison of the Congress and United States, shall, in the beginning of every month, in chief:-penalty remit to the commander-in-chief of the American forces, and to the Congress, an exact return of the state of the regiment, troop, independent company, or garrison under his command, specifying the names of the officers not then residing at their posts, and the reason for, and time of, their absence: Whoever shall be convicted of having, through neglect or design, omitted the sending such returns, shall be punished according to the nature of his crime, by the judgment of a general court martial.



Art. 1. All officers and soldiers who, having Desertion-pe. received pay, or having been duly enlisted in the service of the United States, shall be convicted of having deserted the same, shall suffer death, or such other punishment as by a court martial shall be inflicted.

ART. 2. Any non-commissioned officer or soldier, Absence without who shall, without leave from his commanding officer, absent himself from his troop or company, or from any detachment with which he shall be commanded, shall, upon being convicted thereof, be punished, according to the nature of his offence, at the discretion of a court martial.

ART. 3. No non-commissioned officer or soldier shall Re-enlisting beenlist himself in any other regiment, troop or company, de emed deset without a regular discharge from the regiment, troop entertaining de

for or company, in which he last served, on the penalty of's being reputed a deserter, and suffering accordingly: And in case any officer shall, knowingly, receive and entertain such non-commissioned officer or soldier, or shall not, after his being discovered to be a deserter, inmediately confine him, and give notice thereof to the corps in which he last served, he, the said officer so offending, shall, by a court martial, be cashiered.

ART. 4. Whatsoever officer or soldier shall be con- Advising deservicted of having advised or persuaded any other officer tou. or soldier to desert the service of the United States, shall suffer such punishment as shall be inflicted upon him by the sentence of a court martial.



Commandlers of

ished as chal


. Reproachful

Art. 1. No oficer or soldier shall use any reor provoking sprenoble de proachful or provoking speeches or gestures to another. probibited

upon pain, if an officer, of being put in arrest; if a sol. dier, imprisoned, and of asking pardon of the party offended, in the presence of his commanding officer.

ART, 2. No officer or soldier shall presumne to send a lenges to fight challenge to any other officer or soldier, to fight a duel, prohibited.

upon pain, if a commissioned oflicer, of being cashicreil. if a non-commissioned officer or soldier, of suffering corporral punishment, at the discretion of a court martial

ART. 3. If any commissionell or non-commissioneel gaards suffering persons to officer commanding a guard, shall, knowingly and wil. duels , to be prin.lingly, suffer any person whatsoever to go forth to fight

a duel, he shall be punished as a challenger: And likelengers.

wise all seconds, promoters, and carriers of challenges, in order to duels, shall be deemed as principals, and be

punished accordingly. Quelling frays ART. 4. All officers, of what condition sorver, have and quarrels.

power to part and quell all quarrels, fra:s, and disorders, though the persons concerned should belong to another regiment, troop or company; and either to order officers into arrest, or non-commissioned ollicers or sola diers to prison, till their proper superior oficers shall be acquainted therewith; and whosoever shall refuse too obey such officer (thouglı of an interior rank) or shall draw his sworel upon him, shall be punished at the discretion of a general court martial.

ART. 5. Whatsoever officer or soldiershall upbraid anupiraiding an" other for refusing a challenge, shall himseli be punished ing a change as a challenger; and all officers and soldiers are hereby a balenied as discharged of any disgrace, or opinion of disadvantage, challenger.

which might arise from their laring refused to accept of challenges, as they will only have acted in obedience to the orders of Congress, and done their duty as good soldiers, who subject themselves to discipline.

SECTION VIIT. ART. 1. No sutler shall be permitted to sell any kind of liquors or victuals, or to keep their houses ou shops open, for the entertaininent of soldiers, alter ning at night, or before the beating of the reveilles, or upon Sundays, during divine service, or sermoll, on the penalty of being dismissed from all future sutling.

ART. 2. All officers, soldiers, and sutlers, shall have provisions, &c. full liberty to bring into any of the forts vai garrisons of

Officer or solilier


Introduction of

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