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and billows to arise, as shall swallow up ships and men; he can make such surges as shall swell over banks. It is Mr. Gurgal's expression, · He can hurl the lea into such commotion, that the depths shall boil like a pot, as if hea. ven and earth would meet.' I cannot but think the devil was in that storm, when the waves beat into the ship where Christ slept, for being awoke, 'He rebuked the wind, and * said unto the sea, peace, be still.' (Phimotheti) a word that sometimes he uses to the devil, Luke iv: 35. 9.d. be muffled Satan, thou stirrest these waves, (Mark iv. 39.) had my desciples believed, as they should have done, thou hadit pot done this. By faith Satao avoides, and by diffideace Satan re-enters, and is full of rage. 4. The earth is his element over which he rapgeth; when the Lord ask. ed him, "Whence comest thou Satan? he answered from going to and fro in the earth, and from walking up and down in it,' Job i. 7. Satan here fpeaks like a prince that had gone about his countries to view his provinces, his kingdoms and cities, I come (faith he) from visiting my several places and dominions. And though his idteat be to devour men, yet io reference to this very element, he can cause earth quakes, throw down the strongel build. iogs, root up the best settled trees, and move all things.

2. For the sensible part of the world, he can enter into the bodies of beasts, and act them at his pleasure. We have one notable instance of a ' legion of devils, entering into an • herd of swine, and the herd ran violently down a steep place into the fea (they were about 2000) and were choak.

ed in the sea,' Matth: v. 13. An easy thing it is with Satan to hurry up and down the bodies of beasts, and to enake them with violence rush hither and thither. And they have no less power on the bodies of men; have they not possessed them, and made them lunatic, and fo vexed them that they have oftentimes fallen into the fire, and

ofteprimes in to the water?' Mat. xvii. 15. Nay, have they not made some deaf and dumb, dashing and tearing them, till they foamed and gnashed with their teeth, and even pined eway? Or (if I may say more) have they doc sometimes carried and hurried up and down even in the air, the bodies of mon? I could instance in that sacred body of


petch the bodies many bitchat

Christ, whom the devil took up into the holy city, and set • him on a pinnacle of the temple; and after took him up • again into an exceeding high mountain, and there shew.

ed him all the kingdoms of the world, and the glory of #them,' Matth. iv. 5, 8. That Satan can transport the bodies of witches, many histories record; aor that he can bewitch the bodies of upbelievers, none will deny: buc the scriptare speaks of a power that the devil hath over Chrilt's body, and elsewhere of a like power that he had , over the bodies of the faints. Job is one instance, and the daughter of that woman of Canaan, that was a daughter of Abraham, may ferve for another instance: and if the Lord should not restrain the malice and power of the ad. versary, we might have as many instances as there are mea and women io the world.

3. For the fouls of men, which we call the intellectual part of the world, He hath a great power over them. 1. He can work on the understanding; he can penetrate into the fancy, which is the organ of internal senses; and move those phantasms he finds there, and by that means excite various thoughts in the understanding, and perswade 10 this or that. Do we 'not experience his power withio us? do we got perceive evil thoughts injected into our minds against our wills; not that Satan imports any new thing into our minds, which he found not in our fancies before. It is usually delivered in the schools, That the devil cannot put into the fancy new species of things, and such as the senses had never any knowledge of; as he cannot make a man bora blind, to dream of colours, and their differences. But he can make many compositions and deductions of those various phantasms he finds within, and accordingly move the understanding to this or that. 2. He can move the will; I cannot say that absolutely he can determine it. The bowing, bendiog, and curning and forming of the will efficaciously is only proper to God; yet cap the devil act something as towards the will, and his acting carries a kind of power with it, tho' God only can determine it. The will may be said to be moved or bowed two ways, either in wardly or outwardly. The internal mover or agent, is either our own natural inclination and propension to its


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object, or God himself who is the author of tha
tion : Now in this way, there is nothing can move
but God and ourselves. The external mover or P Z
is either the object propounded to the will, the und e
iog having apprehended it as good; or the affectio
concupiscence which refide in the sensitive appeti tie , 2
them is the will often seduced, and drawn to con seal.
ty passions can make that many things which are evil, 1
feem good to the will, and so incline it to embrace the
Now this is certain; that devils can propound an object;
and they can move, and trouble, and affect our passiods ;
they can fir up wrath, pride, covetousness, lusts; io med;
and therefore externally they cannot move the will.

3. The rulers of the darkness of this world. These words hold forth the proper seat of the devil's empire; he is not lord over all, that is the incommunicable title of God, but . a ruler of the darkness of this world. Where the time and place, and subjects of his empire are set down and limited.

1. The time when he rules, it is during the time of this world. Immediately after Adam's fall he began his rule, and while the world stands he will continue it without apy change or alteration. Here is a difference betivixt the devil and any human power; for thele have but a short time, The fame maa that rules now, will be dethroned within a few days, or months, or years, by death if pot by treafon: Or fuppose his line, or model of government contioue longer, yet some observe that scarce aoy rule continues in one form above 600 years cogciouance. See Abraham's time from the promise of his feed, to the giving of the law 430 years; see Israel's time from their going out of Egypt to the buildiog of the temple 480 years; fee David's time from the anointing of him king to the death of Zedekiah 470 years! what say we to our kingdoms ? Cæsar's time betwixt his invasion and the rule of Valentinian 500 years; the Saxons time betwixt their heptarchy and Egbert's made Darchy 400 years; the Norman's time and the voion of whole Britain 536 years. On what unsureness is majesty poffeft, that within a few year's time, so much is altered? But the devil hath a longer time, even so long as the world Jalts, from the beginning to the end, doril time hall be

no more. Indeed when the frame of this world shall be takeo down, then shall the devil be degraded, his crowo taked off, his sword broken over his head, and he himself become a close prisoner in hell. In the mean time he rules, and he will rule during the time of this present world.

2. The place where he'rules, it is here in this world below. He was a bright angel in heaven, and he sometimes ruled there; but he would not keep in his own chair of estate, aod therefore alpiring higher, he fell down to this Dether world, and here now he rules. In the air, and here about the earth, devils have their manfions, and here they tempi, feduce, and do all the mischief they can do to the sons of men. I know it is our sadness and trouble, that they are amongst us: Wo, wo, wo to the inhabitants of the earth in this respect, Rev. viii, 13.and yet here is the joy of the faints, they have no power or rule in heaven, whence they are fallen, and where the saints happiness must for e. yer be: Well may this make us long for heaven, whilst we are on earth. Soldiers in tedious and dangerous voyages cannot but desire earnestly after victory. Oh (may we think) how welcome will triumph, and leadiog captivity captive be after war! As the hopes of a safe haven is to the mariners tossed up and down in troublesome seas; so is heaven to Christiaas, whole life in this world is a warfare.. O friends, look after heaven, for on earth is many a soare, abd many a gin, and many a plot of Satan to undo your fouls, and to subject you to his rule.

3. The subjects or persons whom he rules; they are the darkness of this world. i. e. fuch as have no life of grace, no light of knowlege; for by darkness is meant such who are in darkness, and they are of two sorts: First, Those who are in a state of fin, called the work of darkness. 2dly, Those who are in a state of ignorance compared to darkness; 'Ye'

• were sometimes darkoers, but now are ye light in the : • Lord,' Epb. v, 11. and v. 8. But I am discovering the

priace or ruler, and not his vassals; and therefore I shall pretermit this title, and come to the next.

4. Spiritual wickednesses. They are not styled wicked spirits, or spiritual wicked ones; but in the abstract, fpiritual wickedoesfes. Oh, what enemies are these? h.




· War with Devils
zil. They are fpirits and cot bodies. If we had
come with flelh and blood, whether men or beafis

men or beasts,
fo very much, though very terrible. But w
pot with Belh and blood, but with fpiritual


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by the re wick.

inditii banef- .



roknot with
4 with invilible spirits. An arm of flesh against poor

creatures were enough to Itartle us; Oh, whac Glas

friobring work have we had within these very few ye
! But how much more Itartling is an arm of spirits chal

reach to spirits? That know how to fight with us at,
times, in all conditions, in all, postures; whether we are
alone or in company, idle or employed, sleeping or wak
ing? That cap fight invisibly, when we cannot see them.
for as their nature, lo are their alfaults : Such as by the
eyes of Aesh and blood cannot be leen. 2. They are wick
edoefles, as by nature they are spirits, so by their condiri
on they are evil and malicious fpirits ; fpiritual wickednes
ses, or spirits of wickedness, i.e. molt monstruously wick
ed and malicious spirits. Some oblerve that the devil hark
his name ( poneros) the wicked one, to denote his spiteful
pature; he is not barely wicked, but maliciously wicked
he cannot endure that fouls of men should fare any better
than himself; and, therefore he makes it his trade, his de.
light, his main work to damn souls. 3. Some yet go
higher, saying, that these fpiritual wickedness are such, as
provoke men to wickednesles of a spiritual nature; we
wrestle, (faith apollle) agajost whom? it is in the original

pros ta pneumatica tes ponerias), i. e, against the spirituals
of wickedness; as if these wicked spirits should make if
their great design, not only to belet us with gross and
fleshly fins, but with fios spiritualized, or with spiritual
wickednesses, such as unbelief, pride, hypocrisy, idolatry,
blafphemy, doc. As black as devils, are, they can, if thes
will, appear as angels of light, and accordingly suit chei
temptations of the finest make..

But what is meant by the last word, in heavepliness?
cannot say, heavenly places, but heavenly things: A
the apostle should say, the cause of this fight is not
earthly things, it is an otherwise quarrel than is usual
Us in our battles. Devils will not fight for landsc

Pgs, for riches or mines of gold, but for heavenly



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