The Five-Factor Model of Personality Across Cultures

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Robert R. McCrae, Juri Allik
Springer Science & Business Media, 06.12.2012 - 333 Seiten
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ROBERT R. MCCRAE* & JuRI ALLIK** *Nationallnstitute on Aging, **University of Tartu, Estonia Personality psychology has become an international enterprise. To take an example at random, the eight personality articles in the December, 2001, issue of the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology included contributions from the United States, Canada, Germany, Finland, and Israel. For the most part, international personality research is not cross-cultural; it is simply personality research conducted in different countries. The implicit assumption behind this practice is that personality processes are universal, and where they are studied is thus of no consequence. An insensitivity to cul tural context once imputed mostly to Americans now appears to characterize the field worldwide. Fortunately, recent years have also seen a rise of interest in studies of personality and culture (Church, 2001; Church & Lonner, 1998; Lee, McCauley, & Draguns, 1999; McCrae, 2000). What do these new studies show? Are personality processes indeed universal, or are there significant variations across cultures that necessitate a more nuanced approach to research? There is as yet no definitive answer to that question. In some respects, human personality does seem to transcend the boundaries of language and culture; in other respects, it is profoundly influenced by social and historical forces. Sorting these issues out must be a priority for our field if we are to understand the current personality literature.
 

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Inhalt

Introduction
1
CrossCultural Generalizability of the FiveFactor Model of Personality
7
Exploring the Sources of Variations in the Structure of Personality Traits
29
The NEO FiveFactor Inventory in Czech Polish and Slovak Contexts
53
Relating the FiveFactor Model of Personality to a Circumplex
79
Case Studies In Personality And Culture
127
FiveFactor Model and the NEOPIR in Turkey
175
Sami Gülgöz
196
vi
197
The Portuguese Case
249
Applications of the Russian NEOPIR
261
Methodological And Theoretical Perspectives
279
A FiveFactor Theory Perspective
303
Author Index
323
Subject Index
331
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