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2. Phot.: A picture upon glass, in which the lights něg-a-tiv-1-tý, s. [Eng. negativ(e); -ity.) The 2. An act of neglect, carelessness, or negligence. and shades of the model are exactly reversed; the quality or state of being negative; negativeness.

"O negligence actual shades being represented by the transparent

rent tnēg'-a-tõr-ý, a. (Lat. negatorius, from negatus, Fit for a fool." glass, the lights of the object appearing dark. The

Shakesp.: Henry VIII., iii. 2. negative is used to obtain positives by being laid pa. par. of nego=to denyi Ital. & Sp. negatorio; Fr. 3. Disregard, slight, contempt, neglect.

“Both the worlds I give to negligence." upon a sensitive surface, which is acted upon by négatoire.] Expressing denial or refusal; denying.

Shakesp.: Hamlet, iv. 5. the rays of light passing through the glass. The “With negatory response from all quarters."-Carlyle: rays, being but little impeded by the transparent Letters and Speeches of Cromwell, iii. 230.

něg'-11-gent, a. (Fr., from Lat. negligens (genit. portions, affect the preparation underneath; while něg-1ěct', *neg-lecte, v.t. [Fr. négliger; Ital. negligentis), pr. par. of negligo=to neglect (q. v.); under the opaque portions (the high lights of the negligere.] [NEGLECT, a.),

Ital. & Sp. negligente.) original), the sensitive material remains unaltered. 1. To treat without regard or attention; to treat 1. Careless, heedless, neglectful; apt to neglect or negative-bath, s.

carelessly or heedlessly; to slight, to despise; to take omit that which ought to be done or attended to; Phot.: A solution of gilver nitrate in distilled no notice of; to disregard; to pass over.

inattentive. (Followed by of before the object of water, averaging thirty grains to the ounce, with a

"Neglect me, lose me."

neglect when expressed.) trace of silver iodide, used to excite collodion

Shakesp.: Midsummer Night's Dream, ii. 1. "My sons. be not now negligent; for the Lord hath plates for taking negatives. It may be acid, neu. 2. To leave undone; to pass over or by; to omit. chosen you to stand before Him." --2 Chron. xxix. 11. tral or alkaline, according to circumstances. (Generally followed by an infinitive.)

2. Characterized by carelessness or negligence; (BATH, B. I. 4.)

"Honor due and reverence none neglects."

c areless. negative-crystal, s.

Milton: P. L. iii. 738

"O negligent and heedless discipline, Crystall. : An inclosure of glass in another crys. 3. To cause to be neglected, omitted, or deferred.

How are we park'd and bounded in a pale."

Shakesp.: Henry IV., Pi. I., iv. 2. tal, and assuming the form of the latter.

“My absence doth neglect no great design."

Shakesp.: Richard Ill., iii. 4. 3. Scornfully regardless or heedless; despising. negative-electricity, 8. Elect.: The electricity developed when a stick of of

"And be thou negligent of fame."-Swift: Niscel. něg-1ěct', a. (Lat. neglectus, pa. par. of negligo sealing-wax is rubbed with flannel or skin; resinous

= to neglect: nec=nor, not, and lego=to gather, to negligent-escape, 8. electricity. It is denoted by the sign minus (-).

collect, to select.] Neglected, omitted, overlooked. Law: The escape from the custody of the sheriff

“Because it should not be neglect or left undone."--Tyn- or other officer. negative-element, 8.

dall: Works, p. 257. Chem.: The element which is disengaged at the

nă8-11-gen-lý, adv. [Eng. negligent; -w.]

něg-lěct', s. (NEGLECT, v.] positive pole, when one of its compounds is decom

1. In a negligent, careless, or heedless manner; posed by an electric current.

1. Disregard, slight, omission; want or failure of without caro or heed; without exactness; heed

due regard, attention, or heed. negative-eyepiece, 8.

lessly.

“To tell thee sadly, shepherd, without blame, Optics : The Huygenian, or negative eyepiece, is

"Britain! whose genius is in verse express'd, Or our neglect, we lost her as we came."

Bold and sublime, but negligently dress'd." the usual combination of lenses at the eye-end of a

Milton: Comus, 510.

Waller: Upon the Earl of Roscommon. telescope or microscope. It was designed by its 2. Omission to do anything which should be done; 2. In a manner indicating or expressing slight, inventor to diminish the spherical aberration by

been carelessness. producing the refractions at two glances instead of

disrespect, or disregard of anything; slightingly.

“Which out of my neglect was never done." one, and also to increase the field of view. It con

něg-118-1-ble, adj. [Lat. negligo = to neglect.]

Shakesp.: Two Gentlemen of Verona, v. 4. sists of two plano-convex lenses, the eye-glass, and

Capable of being neglected or disregarded ; applied the field-glass, each of which presents its convex 3. Carelessness, negligence; neglectful habits. to anything which may be neglected or left out of side toward the object-glass.

"Age breeds neglect in all.”

consideration, as an infinitely small quantity in negative-exponent, 8. The same as NEGATIVE

Denham: Sophy, ii, 1. mathematics.

4. The state of being neglected or disregarded. POWER (q. v.). [EXPONENT, II.]

*ně-göçe', 8. (Lat. negotium=business.) Busi.

“Rescue my poor remains from vile neglect." negative-index, 8.

ness, occupation, employment. [NEGOTIATE.]

Prior: Henry and Emma. Math.: In logarithms an index affected with a

“Why may we not say negoce from negotium, as well as

něg-lěct'-ěd, pa. par. or a. (NEGLECT, v.] negative sign, as are the indices of the logarithms

commerce from commercium, and palace from palaof all numbers less than unity.

něg-lect -ěd-něss, 8. [Eng. neglected; -ness.] tium?" - Bentley: Dissertation upon Phalaris. (Pref. p. 54.)

The quality or state of being neglected. negative-pole, s.

ně-go-ti-a-bil-1-tý (ti as shi), s. [Eng. negoElect.: [NEGATIVE, A., B. II. I.]

něg-1ěct-er, *něg-lěct'-õr, 8. [Eng. neglect; tiable; -ity.) The quality or state of being negoti

-er.] One who neglects. negative-power, s. (Power.]

able or transferable by assignment.

“Christianity has backed all its precepts with eternal ně-go-ti-a-ble (ti as shl), a. (Fr., Ital. negonegative-pregnant, s. life and eternal death to the performers or neglectors of

ziabile; Sp. negociable.] Capable of being negoLaw: A negation implying also an affirmation, them."-South: Sermons, vol. vii., ser. 5.

tiated; transferable by assignment from the owner as if a man, being impleaded to have done a thing, něg-lěct-fůl, a. (Eng. neglect; -ful(l).]

to another person so as to vest the property in the denies that he did it in the manner and form alleged, thus implying that he did it in some form

form 1. Heedless, careless, inattentive; apt to neglect assignee; as, a negotiable bill of exchange.

or disregard; negligent; not careful or heedful. or other.

negotiable-instruments, 8. pl. (Followed by of before the object of neglect.) negative-prescription, 8. [PRESCRIPTION.)

Law: Those instruments, the right of action upon "The fond companion of his helpless years,

which is, by exception from the common rule, freely negative-quantity, $.

Silent went next, neglectful of her charms."

assignable from one to another; such as bills of Math.: Any quantity preceded by the negaiive

Goldsmith: Deserted Village.

exchange and promissory notes. sign (-).“ 2. Indicating or expressive of neglect or indiffer

ině-go-ti-ant (ti as shl), s. (Lat. negotians, pr. negative-radical, s. ence.

par. of negotior=to transact business. "Shew a cold and neglectful countenance to them upon

One who Chem.: A term wbich may be applied to any group,

negotiates; a negotiator. (NEGOTIATE.] of two or more atoms, which takes the place and doing ill."-Locke: On Education. performs the functions of a negative element in a něg-lěct-fól-1ỹ, adv. [Eng. neglectful;

"Ambassadors, negotiants, ... must use great respect."

ly.] chemical compound. In a neglectful manner; with neglect, indifference,

-Raleigh: Arts of Empire, ch. XXV. negative-result, s. or slighting.

ně-go-ti-āte (ti as shi), ně-go-çi-āte (or çi as Math.: The result of any analytical operation nég-léct-ful-něss, s. (Eng, neglectful; -ness.] shi), v. i. &t. (Lat. negotiatus, pa. par, of negotior which is preceded by the negative sign. The quality or state of being neglectful; negligence. =to transact business; negotium=business, occu.

pation; neg- for nec=not, nor, and otium=leisure; negative-sign, s.

něg-lěct-ing, pr. par. or a. [NEGLECT, v.] Fr. négocier; Sp. negociar; Ital. negoziare.] Math.: The algebraic sign (--). Also called minus nēg-lěct-ing-lì, adv. [Eng. neglecting; oly.] A. Intransitive: (q. v.).

With neglect or indifference; neglectfully, carenegative-well, s. The same as DRAIN-WELL lessly, heedlessly. (Shakesp.: Henry IV., 'Pt. I., .t1. To carry on business or trade; to traffic; to

deal. (q. v.). i. 3.)

"They that received the talents to negotiate with, did něg'-a-tive, v.t. [NEGATIVE, a.]

*něg-lěc'-tion, 8. [Lat, neglectio, from neglect all of them, except one, make profit of them."--Hlam

us, pa. par. of negligo=to neglect (q.v.).) The qual1. To disprove; to prove the contrary.

mond. ity or state of being negligent or neglectful; want "The want of a corresponding experience negatives the of care: negligence; neglectfulness.

2. To treat with another or others respecting the history."-Paley: Evidences. (Prep. consid.)

purchase and sale of anything; to bargain; to enter

* Sleeping neglection doth betray to loss 2. To reject by vote; to refuse to sanction or en.

into or carry on negotiations or matters of busi

The conquests of our scarce cold conqueror." act; as, The Senato negatived the bill.

ness.

Shakesp.: Henry VI., Pt. I., iv. 3. 3. To render harmless or ineffective; to neutralize.

3. To carry on diplomatic negotiations or interněc-lěct:-ive, adj. (Eng. neglect; -ive.] Neg- course with another, as respecting a treaty, a league, něg'-a-tive-17, adv. [Eng. negative; -ly.] ligent, neglectful, heedless, regardless.

a peace, &c.; to treat diplomatically. I. Ordinary Language:

"Not wholly stupid and neglective of the public peace.” “ The interests of those with whom he negotiated.1. In a negative manner; with denial or refusal. -King Charles: Eikon Basilike.

Mickle: Portuguese Empire in Asia. "For the words speak negatively." --South: Sermons, vol. něg'-11-gee (gee as zhā), 8. (Fr. negligé, pa. par. 4. To carry on communications generally; to act viii., ser. 7. of negliger=to neglect (q. v.).]

as a go-between. 2. In a manner implying the absence of some. 1. An easy or unceremonious dress; undress; *5. To intrigue, to be busy. thing; indirectly; not positively.

specif., a kind of loose gown worn by ladies, or a «She was a busy negotiating woman."-Bacon: Henry II. Elect.: With negative electricity; as, a body style of shirt worn by men.

VII., p. 24. negatively electrified.

2. A long necklace usually made of coral. (Sim

. B. Transitive: něg'-a-tive-něss, s. (Eng. negative; -ness.] The monds.) quality or state of being negative; negation,

něg -11-ġence. *nēg-11-gen-cý. *nec-cly- 1. To enter into or carry on negotiations concern

ing; to procure or bring about by negotiation. něg'-a-tiv-ist, 8. [Eng. negativ(e); -ist.) A gence, 8. [Fr. négligence, froin Lat. negligentia, sportive coinage symmetrical with and opposed to from negligens= negligent (q. v.); Sp. negligencia;

“That weighty business to negotiate." Positivists. Ital. negligenza.)

Drayton: Barons' Wars, bk. iii. “There are among us, for example, scientific gentle

1. The quality or state of being negligent; neglect- 2. To pass in the way of business; to put into cir. men who style themselves Positivists, but who are ulness; neglect or omission to do that which ought culation: as, to negotiate or discount a note. actually Negativists."- Mortimer Collins. Thoughts in my to be done; a habit of neglecting or omitting to do 3. To pass over; to accomplish in jumping. Garden, ii. 46. things through carelessness or design.

(Racing Slang.) boil, boy; pout, jowl; cat, çell, chorus, chin, bench; 80, gem; thin, this; sin, aş; expect, Xenophon, exist. ph = £.

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ně-go-ti-ä'-tion (ti as shi), *ně-go-ci-ā-tion 10. Complexion deep brown, blackish, or even black, notnē -gūs (1), 8. (Called after Colonel Francis Ne(or cI as shi). 8. Fr. négociation, from Lat. ne due to any special pigment, but to the greater abundance gus, who lived in the time of Queen Anne, and is gotiationem, accus. of negotiatio=a transaction of

of coloring matter in the Malpighian mucous membrane. reported to have been the first to mingle the bever

11. Short, black hair, distinctly wooly, not frizzly. business ; Sp. negociacion; ltal. negoziazione.)

12. Thick epidermis, cool, soft, and velvety, mostly of wine, water, sugar, and spice.

age now named after him.) A beverage composed *1. Business, trading, affair.

hairless, and emitting a peculiar odor, described as “In all negociations of difficultie, a man may not look hircine.

nē-gủs (2), 8. (Abyssinian.] The sovereign of to sowe and reape at once."--Baoon: Essays; Of Negotiat. 13. Frame of medium height, thrown somewhat out of Abyssinia. ing.

the perpendicular by the shape of the pelvis, the spine, nē-ně-mi'-ah, s. (Heb. Nechhemiah=comforted 2. The act of negotiating, or treating with another the backward projection of the head, and the whole ana

of Jehovah; Gr. Neemias. ] tomical structure. respecting the purchase and sale of anything; bar. 14. The cranial sutures, which close much earlier in the

Script. Biography: Three persons of this name are gaining, treaty. Negro than in other races.

mentioned in Scripture: One who came with Zerub3. The treating of governments by their agents,

babel from Babylon (Ezra ii.2: Neh. vii. 7); another. respecting international questions ; as, the making w: A

B. As adj.: Pertaining o

r relating to negroes; the son of Azbuk (Neh. iii. 16): and lastly the celeof treaties, the entering into a league, the making black; as, a negro race.

brated Jewish leader, the son of Hachaliah (Neh. of peace, &c.; the transaction of business between negro-bat, 8.

i. 1), and brother of Hanani (i. 2, vii. 2). In the nations by their agents

Zool.: V'esperugo maurus. a vespertilionine bat. twentieth year of the reign of Artaxerxes Longi4. The course of procedure to be adopted or fol. with an extremely wide geographical range, being manus, king or emperor of Persia (B.C. 445), he was lowed by the holder of a bill to procure acceptance found a

e found along the axis of elevation in the Old World cupbearer to the monarch Questioned as to why he of it, and payment when it falls due.

from the Pyrenees to China. extending southward looked sad, he replied that his sorrow arose from the no-go-ti-ā-tõr (ti as shi), *ně-go-çi-ā-tõr (or

into India. Cochin China, and Java." The fur is reflection that the city (Jerusalem), the place of his sooty-brown or deep black, tipped with gray.

ancestors' sepulchres, lay waste, with its gates burnt ci as shi), s. [Lat. negotiator; Fr. négotiateur.)

(Neh. ii.3). He requested permission to rebuild the One who negotiates; one who treats with others,

negro-cachexy, s. (DIRT-EATING.]

city, and was allowed temporary leave of absence either as principal or agent for another; one who negro-coree, 8.

to carry out the project. Carrying with him letters conducts negotiations. NEGOTIATE, A. 3.]

Chem.: The seeds of Cassia occidentalis. They

from the king designed to secure co-operation from “The language of Rome, indeed, ... was still, in have a purgative action, but lose this property in

various quarters, he proceeded to Jerusalem, ob

tained zealous assistance from his countrymen, and, many parts of Europe, almost indispensable to a traveler the roasting. (CASSIA.] or negotiator."-Macaulay: Hist. Eng. ch. iii.

notwithstanding Samaritan and other opposition, negro-corn, s.

rebuilt the wall. An inscription in the earliest ně go-ti-ā-tõr-ý (ti as shi), a. (Lat. negotia. Bot.: A West Indian name for Turkish millet. Hebrew, discovered in 1880 in the tunnel cut through torius.] Pertaining or relating to negotiation.

negro-fly, s.

the rocks which conducts the water of the Virgin's ně-go-ti-ā-trix (ti as shi), s. (Lat.] A woman

Spring, the Gihon of Scripture, into the modern pool

Entom.: A black dipterous insect, Psila Rosc. of Siloam, has become the starting point for comwho negotiates. Called also Carrot-fiy.

prehending the topography of Jerusalem in the *ně-go-ti-os-1-tý (ti as shi), s. (Lat. negotios- negro guinea-corn, s.

times of the Kings and in thatof Nehemiah. Mount itas, from negotiosus=busy.] The state of being engaged in business ; active employment in busi. Bot.: A West Indian name for Indian Millet. Zion is now fixed as the hill on the southwestern

slope of which is the Pool of Siloam. The valley of ness; negotiousness. (NEGOTIOUS.] Sorghum vulgare.

the Tyropæon of the Græco-Roman age, was the Valtně-go-tious, a. (Lat. negotiosus, from nego

negro-head, s. A name given to a kind of to- ley of Hinnom. The size of Jerusalem was only

bacco, prepared by softening with molasses, and fifty acres, but it had crowded into it a population of tium=business.] Busy; engrossed or absorbed in business; fully employed, active in business. then pressing it into cakes.

15,000 Jews and 5,000 slaves. In B. C. 433 Nehemiah

Negro-head maul: A maul hewn from a single "Some servants ... are very nimble and negotious." block of wood.

returned to Persia, but that year or the next was a -Rogers.

second time appointed Governor of Judæa. The tně-go-tious-něss, s. [Eng. negotious; -ness.)

negro-monkey, 8.

date of his death is unknown. (Sayce: Introd. to Zoöl.: Semnopithecus maurus: the specific name

Ezra, Nehemiah, and Esther.) Active employment; activity, negotiosity. has reference to its color, an intense black; habitat,

The Book of Nehemiah: “God needs not our negotiousness, or double diligence, the

: the Javanese forests. It is hunted for its fur. to bring his matters to pass."-Rogers: Naaman the

that of Van der Hooght, the Book of Nehemiah is Syrian, p. 606.

negro-tamarin, s.

distinct from that of Ezra, immediately following ne-grėss, 8. [NEGRỌ.) A female negro.

Zool.: Midas ursulus, from the region of the it as one of the Hagiographia. In the Jewish ně-gril-10, 8. [Sp., a dimin. from negro (q. v.).]

Amazon. It is about nine inches in length, with a Canon, however, the two were treated as a single

:) tail nearly twice as long. The fur is black, with a work. Origen was the first to separate them, callAnthrop.: Lit., a small or young negro. Picker- reddish brown streak down the middle of the back. ing them the first and second books of Esdras. ing uses it almost, if not exactly, as a synonym of It is of a low type of intelligence, but some become Jerome applied to the second the name of NebeNegrito (q. v.). tame and familiar. [MIDAS.]

miah. The style of the two is so different that they The Negrillo race has much the same complexion as negro's-head. 8.

must have had different authors. The latter work the Papuan, but differs in the diminutive stature, the

is naturally divided into four portions: ch.i.-vii., a general absence of a beard, the projecting of the lowerBot.: The Ivory Palm, Phytelephas macrocarpa,

continuous narrative written by Nehemiah: ch. part of the inclined profile, and the exaggerated negro from the appearance of the fruit.

viii.-x., apparently from another author: ch. xi.features."-C. Pickering: Races of Man, p. 175.

Negro's-head palm: (NEGRO'S-HEAD).

xii. 26, from. Nehemiah's pen, as was the fourth ně-gri'-tő, 8. [Sp., dimin. from negro (q. v.).] nē-groid, nē-gro-oid, a.& 8. [Eng. negro, and section, xii. 27 to end of the book, excepting some Anthrop.: One of the division's of Huxley's Neg. Gr. eidos=appearance.]

verses of later date. Nehemiah's portions of the roid race.

A. As adjective: Resembling negroes; having

book were of date B. C. 433-2; the later verses,

which refer to Jaddua, high priest in the time of nē-gro, *ne-ger, 8. & a. (Sp. negrora black characteristics of negroes; of the negro type.

Alexander the Great and Darius Codomannus, B.C. man, from Lat. nigrum, accus. of niger=black; "The Wakwavi are the same in race and language with

336-331, were penned later than this date (ch. xii. Ital., Sp., & Port. negro; Fr. négre.] the negroid Massi."-London Daily Telegraph.

11-22). The language used is Hebrew with som A. As substantive:

B. As substantive:

Aramæisms. Persian words also occur, some of Anthrop.: The distinctly dark, as opposed to the Anthrop.: One belonging to the Negroid race; a which, however, are now found to have been origifair, yellow, and brown varieties of mankind. Their negro.

nally Babylonian. No quotation from the book original home was probably all Africa south of the Negroid-race, 8.

occurs in the New Testament. The Septuagint Sabara, India south of the Indo-Gangetic plains,

translation of the book is badly executed. (Sayce: Pan: Malaysia and the greater part of Australasia. In

Anthrop.: A term used in the same sense as the Introd. to Ezra, Nehemiah, and Esther.) early and middle Tertiary times this tract was

“Negro of other anthropologists. The Negroid probably broken up by the sea and the disappear

type is primarily represented by the Negro of Africa ne-hůsh-tan, 8. [Heb. nechhushtan=brass, a ance of the region named by Sclater Lemuria.

between the Sahara and the Cape district, includ. brazen thing.] (BRASS.

ing Madagascar. Two important families areScript.: A contemptuous appellation given by Negroes fall naturally into two great divisions: (1) classed in this system.

Hezekiah to the brazen serpent erected by Moses in African Negroes, (2) Papuans or Melanesians. Prof. A. H. Keane (Encyc. Brit., od. 9th, xvii. 316-320)

01 (1) The Bushmen of South Africa, diminutive in the wilderness, but which now had become an obmakes four sub-divisions of African Negroes, accord

2 stature, and of yellowish-brown complexion. (The ject of worship, incense being offered to it (2 Kings ing to locality: (1) West Soudan and Guinea; (2)

Hottentot is supposed to be the result of crossing xviii. 4). i entral Soudan and Chad Basin; (3) East Soudan

| between the Bushman and the ordinary Negroid.) nēif (1), niēf, 8. (NEAF.] The fist, the hand.

(2) Negritoes of the Andaman Islands, the Penin. pod Upper Nile; (4) South Africa. He estimates

“Give me your neif, mounsieur Mustard seed."sula of Malacca, the Philippine, and other islands Shakesp.: Midsummer Night's Dream, iv. 1. their number at 130,000,000, with probably 20,000,000

to Now California and Tasmania. They are mostly full-blood or half-caste negroes, either slaves or dolichocephalic, with dark skins and woolly hair.

nēif (2), néife, s. (O. Fr. neif, naif, from Lat. descendants of slaves, chiefly in tropical of subIn various districts they tend toward other types,

nativus=native (q. v.).) A woman born in villein. tropical America, and enumerates the following as and show traces of mixture. (Journ. Ethnol. Soc.,

age. the chief anatomical and physiological points in wbich the Negro differs most from his own con.

“The female appellation of a villein, who was called a 1870, 405, 406.) geners:

Nē-gro-lănd, s. [Eng. negro, and land.]

neise."--- Blackstone: Comment., bk. ii., ch. 6.

*nēif-tý, s. (Eng. neif (2); -ty.) The servitude, 1. The abnormal length of the arm, sometimes reaching Geog. & Anthrop.: That part of the continent of h Africa south of Sahara.

bondage, or villeinage of women. 2. Prognathism (Facial angle 70', in Caucasian 82"). "Architecture has no existence, nor are there any mon

neigh (as nā), *negh, v. i. [A.S. hnógan, cogn. 3. Weight of brain, 35 oz. (in gorilla 20 oz., average a mental ruins or stone structures of any sort in the whole with Icel. eneggja, hneggja, Sw. gnagga, Dan. Caucasian (Europe or America) 45 oz.)

of Negroland, except those erected in Soudan under Ha- gnegge: M. H. Ger. négen.] 4. Full black eye, black iris, and yellowish sclerotic metic and Semitic influences."-Prof. A. H. Keane, in 1. Lit.: To utter the cry of a horse; to whinny. coat. Encyc, Brit. (ed. 9th), xvii. 318.

" Youthful and unhandled colts 5. Short, flat, snub nose, broad at extremity, with dilated nostrils and concave ridge.

në-grö-161d, a. (Eng, negro; 1 connect., and Gr. Fetching mad bounds bellowing and neighing loud." is showing inner surface. eidos=appearance.] The same as NEGROID (q. v.).

Shakesp.: Merchant of Venice, . 2. Very large zygomatic arches.

ně-gũn-di-um, s. (Etym. unknown. (Paxton.) ] 2. Fig.: To scoff, to sneer, to jeer. 8. Exceedingly thick cranium, enabling him to use the head as a weapon of attack.

Bot.: Box-elder; a genus of Aceracer, distin- neigh (as nā), s. (NEIGI, v.] The cry of a horse; 9. Weak lower limbs, terminating in a broad, flat foot, guishod from Acer by its apetalous diæcious flowers a whinny. with low instep, projecting and somewhat prehensile and its pinnate leaves. Negundium americanum, “It is the prince of palfreys; his neigh is like the bid. great toe, and "lark heel." tho Black Ash of this country.

ding of a monarch."-Shakesp.: Henry V., iii. 7. fāte, făt, färe, amidst, whãt, fail, father; wē, wět, nëre, camel, hēr, thêre; pine, pit, sîre, sir, marîne; gó, pot,

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Do-o-lăt'-In, a. (Pref. neo-, and Eng. Latin.) the Corvidæ. First described by Gould, who mis- fourth century; and (3) that of Proclus (412-485), 1. New Latin. A term applied to the Romanco took the male and female for distinct species, Under Justinian (483-565) the Alexandrian school

owing to their diferently-shaped bills, and named became extinct. languages, as having sprung directly from the Latin,

the former Neomorpha acutirostris, and the latter "With the exception of Epicurennism, which was 2. Latin, as written by modern authors.

N. crassirostris. It is now known as N, gouldii. always treated as the mortal enemy of Neoplatonism,

Plumage black, with green metallic gloss, broad there is no outstanding earlier system which did not nē-o-lim-u-lūs, 8. (Pref. neo-, and Lat. limu- terminai band of whit

terminal band of white on tail : bill ivory-white to contribute something to the new philosophy." - Enoyo. lus (q. v.).)

dark-gray at base: wattles large, rounded, and rich Bril. (ed. 9th), xvii. 333. Palæont.: A genus of Xiphosura, from the Up

Po orange-color; tarsi and toes bluish-gray; claws Ne-o-plā'-ton-Ist, 8. (Pref. neo-, and Eng. Pla. per Silurian. The head shield resembles that of the recent Limulus, and the divisional line crossing

light horn-color. (Buller: Birds of New Zealand.) tonist (q. v.).) A member of the Alexandrian school, the head apparently corresponds with the facial nē-o-nism, s. [Gr. neos=new : Eng. suff. -ism.] bolding Neoplatonic views: suture of the Trilobites. There was probably a A now word, phrase, or idiom; a neologism.

“The ancient religions of the East had a peculiar

interest for the Neoplatonist."- Enoyo. Brit. (ed. 9th), long fpiniform telson. The sole species, Neolimu nē-o-no-mi-an, s. & a. (Pref. neo-, and Greek xvii. 333. lus falcatus, has been described by Dr. H. Woodward. * nomossa law; Fr. néonomien.]

nē -o-půs, 8. [Pref. neo-, and Gr. pous=a foot.) në -0-līte, 8. (Pref. neo-, and Gr. lithos=stone;

: . A. As subst.: One who advocates or supports new Ornith.: Kite-eagle, an aberrant genus of Aqui. Ger, neolith, laws; specif. (see extract).

line, with a single species, Neopus malayensis. Min.: A green minoraloccurring in stellate groups “One that asserts the Old Law is abolished, and Geographical range, India and Ceylon to Burmah, of silky fibers, and massive. Hardness, 1-2; spe. therein is a superlative Antinomian, but pleads for a New Java, Celeles, and Ternate. The talons are longer cific gravity, 2:77. Appears to be a hydrated silicate

Law, and justification by the works of it, and therefore is and slenderer in proportion than in any known of alumina and magnesia, with some protoxide of

a neonomian."- I. Chauncy: Neonomianism Unmasked eagle. It is about thirty inches long, plumage iron. Found in cavities in basalt, at Eisenach, (1692). (Ep. Ded.)

black, with indistinct bars of ashy-gray on the tail. Germany, at Arendal, Norway, and other places..

B. As a
ertaining

nē-7-ra'-ma, 8. (Ionic Gr. nēos=a dwelling, and mians. nē-0-11th-ic, a. (NEOLITE.)

horama=a view. A panorama representing the Anthrop.: A term applied by Sir John Lubbock nē-0-no-mi-an-işm, 8. [Eng. neonomian; -ism.] interior of a large building, in which the spectator to the second of the four epochs into which he The doctrines or tenets of the Neonomians.

" appears to be placed. divided Prehistoric Archæology.

*ne-o-phi-los--phēr, 8. [Pref. neo-, and Eng. Gr. opsis appearance.)

ně-7-rin-op-sIS, 8. (First element doubtful; “The later or polished Stone Age; a period character. philosopher (q. v.).] A new philosopher; one who Palæont. A genus of fossil butterflies. Neorinized by beautiful weapons and instruments made of flint holds or advances new principles of philosophy. opsis sepulta, of the family Satyridæ, is from the and other kinds of stone, in which, however, we find no trace of the knowledge of any metal excepting gold, . nē -o-phron, s. (Gr. neophron, as adj.=childish Sandstones of Aix-la-Chapelle. which seems to have been sometimes used for ornaments

thost. Prehis.
in spirit; as subst., often as a proper name.]

nē-0-těr'-ic. *ně-o-těr -ick, a. & 8. (Lat. neoThis we may call the Neolithio period."-Lubbock: Prehis. Ornith: A genus of Vulturidæ, sub-family Vul- tericus, from Gr. neoterikos-novel, from neoteros,

Ornith: A genus of Vulturidæ, sun-iamuy vur veruu,... toric Times (1878), p. 3.

turinæ. Neophron percnopterus is the Egyptian comp. of neos=new; Fr. néotérique.] lē 0-lõ-i-an. a. &s. Eng. neolog(y): ian. Vulture (q. v.), Pharaoh's Hen, or Pharaoh's

A. As adj.: New, modern; of recent origin. Chicken; N. ginginianus is the Indian Scavenger A. As adj.: Of or pertaining to neology; noolog. Vult

Vulture, and N. pileatus, widely distributed in "Among our neoterio verbs, those in -ize are exceed. ical. Africa, the Pileated Vulture.

ingly numerous." - Fitzedward Hall: Modern English, B. As subst.: The same as NEOLOGIST (q. v.).

nē -Ó-phyte, *nē -o-phite, 8. & a. (Lat. neo- *B. As subst.: One belonging to modern times; a “We must take heed not to do as the neologians have phutus, from Gr. neophytos=newly planted; neos= modern. done."-Tregelles: Heads of Hebrew Grammar, p. 7. new, and phytos=grown; phyö=to grow; Fr. néo

“Symptomes which all the neotericks repeat of Dio ne-6-10-gi-an-işm, 8. (Eng. neologian; -ism.] phyte; Ital. & Sp. neofito.)

cles." - Burton: Anat. Melancholy, p. 299. The same as NEOLOGISM (q. v.).

A. As substantive:

no-0-těr -Ic-al, a. [Eng. neoteric; .al.) The ne-o-loģ-IC, *nē-0-1õg-Ic-al, a. (English ne I. Ordinary Language:

same as NEOTERIC, A. (q. v.). olog(y): -ic, -ical.] Of or pertaining to neology; T A novice: one newly admitted to the order of ne-Ouer3", * . employing new words.

." the priesthood.

new; Eng. suir. -ism.) “A genteel neological dictionary containing those pose po 2. A tyro, a beginner, a novice.

1. The introduction or use of a new word or lite, though perhaps not strictly grammatical words and phrases, commonly used, and sometimes understood, by

“There stands a neophyte glazing of his face."

pbrase; neology. the beau monde." -Chesterfield: The World, No. 32.

Ben Jonson: Cynthia's Revels, iii. 4. Neoterism, whether in words or style, may easily be nē-0-log-ic-al-1ý, adv. [Eng. neological: -y.) II. Church Hist.: A term applied in the primi. come nauseating."-Fitzedward Hall: Modern English, In a neological manner.

tive Church to the newly baptized. They wore P

white garments at their baptism, and for eight 2. A new word or phrase introduced into a lan. nē-vl-o-gişm, 8. (Eng. neolog(y); -ism.] days after. The Council of Nice (A.D. 325), ordered guage; a neologism.

1. A new word or phrase; a new use of a word or that neophytes should not be admitted to holy “As contributory to the production of neoterisms, some phrase.

orders till their constancy had been in some meas. expressions lay down their old senses altogether, and 2. The use of new words, or of old words in now ure proved. The term is still used by Roman acquire new ones."-Fitzedward Hall: Modern English, Benses.

missionaries for their converts from the heathen. p. 166. “Kept pure of Balzac and neologism."

A special use of the word was to denote one who, nē-ot:--ēr-Ist, 8. (NEOTERISM.) One who neot.

E. B. Browning. not having passed through the inferior grades, was, erizes ; one who uses or introduces new words or 8. New doctrines. (RATIONALISM.]

in view of 1 Tim. iii. 6. considered canonically unfit phrases; a neologist.
to be consecrated bishop.

"Among writers of the first class, none are wild neot ne-- 0-ġist, 8. (Eng. neolog(y); -ist.)

"Those whom he calls neophytes, that is, newly grafted erists."-Fitzedwaril Hall: Modern English, p. 192. 1. One who coins or introduces new words or into Christianity."-Bacon: Union of Laws.

nē-ot-ēr-ist-Ic, a. (Eng. neoterist; -ic.] Of or, phrases, or who uses old words in new senses. 2. One who introduces innovations in doctrine, some state; a novice.

B. As adj.: Newly entered upon or admitted into pertaining to neoterizing or neoterisms. especially in theology. (RATIONALIST.)

nē-ot -ēr-ize, v. i. (NEOTERISM.) To use or "It is with your young grammatical courtier, as with introduce new words or phrases; to neologizo; to në-51-0-ģist-ic, *ně-v1-0-ġist:-ic-al, a. [Eng. your neophyte player." ---Ben Jonson: Cynthia's Revels, coin new words or phrases. neologist; -ic, -ical.] Pertaining or relating to fii. 4. neology; neological.

ne-o-tin -ě-a, s. [Originally Lat. tinea; but as nē -

ref. neo-, and Greek plasis there was a moth genus of that name, neo- was prenë-ol-o-gi-zā'-tion, s. (Eng. neologiz(e); -ation.] formation. )

fixed for distinction's sake.] The act or habit of neologizing; neologism. Min.: The same as BOTRYOGEN (q. v.).

Bot.: A genus of Orchids, tribe Ophrew. The nē čl-6-size, v. i. (Eng. neolog(y); -ize.]

ně-o-plăs-tic, a. (Pref. neo-, and Eng, plastic flowers are small, the lateral sepals and petals 1. To introduce new words or phrases; to use old (q. v.).] Newly formed ; specif., applied w the mat

.). Newly formed. specif.. applied the mat. forming a hood; lip three-lobed, spur minute, the, words in new senses. ter which fills up a wound.

pollen masses four; generally with spotted leaves.. 2. To introduce new theological doctrines; to in

Neotinea intacta has a pink or purplish corolla,..

nē-o-pla-ton-ic. a. (Pref. neo-, and English the sepals darker, and is found on limestone past. troduce or adopt rationalistic views in theology. platonic la. y.). Of or pertaining to the Neopla. uros in Galloway. Called also Aceras secundiflora.

nē-1-0-98, 8. [Pref. neo-, and Greek logos = a tonists or their doctrines. word; Fr. néologie.]

nē-ot:-Ó-kite, s. (Gr. neotokos=new-born, or of "The Neoplatonic conception of the action of the Deity 1. The introduction or use of new words or on the world, and of the essence and origin of matter,

recent origin; Ger. neotokit.] phrases, or of old words in new senses; neologism. can only be explained by reference to the dynamio pan.

Min.: An amorphous mineral resulting from the .

alteration of rhodonite (q. v.). Hardness, 3 to 4: "Neology ought not to be pursued for its own sake, but theisin of the Stoa."-Encyo. Brit. (ed. 9th), xvii. 333. only when the extant terms of the language are defect.

specific gravity, 2.64 to 2:8; Inster, dull, or feebly

Nå-o-plā-to-nY'-cian. s. [English neoplatonic; submetallic; color and streak, black, to various ive." -Taylor: Monthly Review, vol. c., p. 23. ian.) The same as NEOPLATONIST (q. V.).

shades of dark-brown; opaque. Dana includes 2. Rationalistic views in theology. nē-o-mě -ni-a, 8. (Gr. neomēnia, from neos =

No-o-plâ'-ton-ism. 8. Pref. neo-, and English under this name Stratopeite and Wittingite (q. v.).
Platonism. 1

as being likewise alteration products, to neither of bew, and men=a month.)

Hist. d Philos.: The name given to an important

which can chemical formule be assigned. They me of new moon; the begin movement in the Alexandrian school. GH Lewas appear to consist of hydrated silicates of proto-and ning of the month. says that their originality consisted in having sosqu10x1

sesquioxides of manganese, proto- and 8 squioxides 2. Gr. Antiq.: A festival observed by the Greeks employed the Platonic Dialectics as a guide to

of iron, magnesia, some alumina, and impurities, Mysticism and Panthrism; in having connected the all the gods, especially of Apollo, thence called doctrine of the East with the dialectics of the

ities in Finland and Sweden. Neminenor, as the author of light, and the luminary Greeks: in having made Reason the justification of no-ot'-o-ma, 8. (Gr. nev=to swim, and tomēra from which all time receives its distinctions and faith: and he concludes that "by their Dialectics cutting.] . divisions.

they were Platonists; by their theory of the Trinity Zool.: A North American genus of Murinæ, group né-o-mor-pha, 8. (Prof. neo-, and Gr. morphe= thoy were Mystics; by their principle of Emana. Sigmodontes. The teeth resemble those of the form.)

tion they were Pantheists." Neoplatonism passed Voles. Four species are known, about the size of Ornith.: Huia, the New Zealand Wood-crow, the through three periods: (1) That of Ammonius Sac. Mus decumanus. Neotoma cinerea has a bushy, Hoterolocha of Cabanis. According to Buller, a cas and Plotinus, in the third century (AMMONIAN, equirrel-like tail; the tails of the other species rato genus of Upupidæ, placed by some authors with (2)); (2) that of Porphyry and lamblichus, in the like. boll, boy; póút, Jówl; cat, çell, chorus, chin, bench; go, gem; thin, this; sin, aş; expect, Xenophon, exist. ph = 1..

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