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nar-cot-Ic, *nar-cot-Ick, *nar-cot-ike, a.& 8. *näre s. (Latin naris=the nostril.) A nose, når'-ra-tive-18, adv. [Eng. narrative; -ly.) By [Fr. narcotique=stupefying, from Gr. narkotikos= a nostril.

way of relation; in manner of a narrative. benumbing, from narkoð=to benumb; narkaõ=to

“There is a Machiavelian plot,

năr-rā'-tor, s. [Lat., from narratus, pa. par. of become numb, from narkë=numbness, torpor; Ital.

Though every nare olfact it not."

narro=to narrate (q.v.); Fr. narrateur : Ital. nor& Sp. narcotico.]

Butler: Hudibras, 1. 1. ratore: Sp. narrador. One who narrates or relates A. As adjective:

nă-rēş-1-, s. [Named after Capt. (afterward an event or series of events or transactions; a teller, 1. Lit.: Having the properties or qualities of a Şir) George Nares, R. N., Commander of the Chal- a relater. narcotic; producing torpor or coma. lenger Expedition.

nặr'-ra-tÕr-ỷ, a. [Eng. narrate): -ory.] Of the "Narcotick medicines bee those that benum and stupifie

Zool.: A genus of Bryozoa, sub-order Cheilosto- nature or character of a narrative; consisting of with their coldnesse, as opium, hemlocke, and the like." mata. Naresia cyathus was dredged in 1,500 fath

l: narrative; narrating or relating events. -P, Holland: Pliny; of Words of Art.

oms off the Island of St. Vincent in the Challenger 2. Fig.: Dull and stupid, so that a reader is apt Expedition.

năr'-row, *nar-ewe, nar-ow, *nar-owe, *nar

rowe, *narwe, a., adv. & 8. [A. S. nearu, nearo= to fall asleep over it.

nar'-ghi-lě, nar-gi-1ě, nar'-gl-1ěh, nar-gl- narrow; nearwe=narrowly; cogn, with O.S. naru “Who reads in vain

11, s. (Pers. & Turk.) A kind of tobacco-pipe or Enarrow; naravo=narrowly; Dut. naauw; 0. Dut. Narcotio volumes o'er." Shenstone: Economy. smoking-apparatus used in Turkey, Persia, &c., nauw-narrow, close. There is no connection with B. As substantive:

having a long stem which passes the smoke through near.)

water. Pharm. (pl.): Medicines which act upon_the

A. As adjective: nervous system, producing sleep or torpor. They

nar-gil, s. (Native name.] The name given to

1. Of little breadth; not wide; not broad; having are of two kinds, anodynes and soporifics ( the cocoa-nut tree in Southern India.

little width from side to side. Soporifics generally act also as anodynes, and när-1-al, a. (Lat. naris=a nostril.] Of or per. 2. Of small or little extent; circumscribed, limvarious anodynes are antispasmodic. taining to the nostrils.

ited. "Like dull narcotics, numbing pain."

“The entry to the narial passage, or respiratory mouth “The Jews were but a small nation, and confined to a Tennyson: In Memoriam, v. 8. as it may be called."-Prof. Owen, in Nature, vol. xiv., narrow compass in the world."--Wilkins. narcotic-acid, s. p. 499.

3. Limited in duration; short. Chem. : An acid said to be formed by boiling nar när-1-form, a. [Lat. naris=the nostril, and 4. Limited as to means; straitened; as, He is in cotine with potash. It appears to differ from nar- forma=form, shape.] Nose-shaped; shaped like very narrow circumstances. cotine only by the elements of water. the nose.

5. Near, close; within a small distance; hence, nar-cot-Ic-al, adj. (Eng. narcotic; -al.] The när-ine, a. (Lat. naris=the nostril.) Of or barely sufficient to avoid danger, defeat, evil, or

harm. same as NARCOTIC (q. v.).

pertaining to the nostrils. "Medicines which they call narcotical, that is to say,

“Having a very narrow escape for his life."-London

*năr'-ra-ble, a. (Lat. narrabilis, from narro= Daily Telegraph. euch as benowme and dead the disease." - Harmar: Trans. to narrate (q. v.).] Capable of being told or narof Beza (1587), p. 421.

6. Contracted in views or intellect; of confined or rated.

contracted views or sentiments; not liberal. nar-còt-Ic-al-17. adv. Eng. narcotical: ly] nar-rāte', v. t. & i. (Lat. narratus, pa. par. of

7. Contracted; not liberal: bigoted. In a narcotic manner; after the manner of a nar- marro=to relate, to tell; from narus, gnarus=kno 8. Covetous, niggardly, close; not liberal, free, or cotic. ing, acquainted; Ital. narrare; Sp. narrar; Fr.

generous. "As those things do, that pass for narcotically cold." narrer.

“To narroro breasts he comes all wrapt in gain, Whitelock: Manners of England, p. 222. A. Trans.: To tell, to relate; to recite or rehearse To swelling hearts he shines in honor's fire."

Sidney, nar-cót'-Ic-al-něss. s. Eng, narcotical: -ness, 1 as a story; to describe or relate in speech or write

ing. The quality of being narcotic; narcotic qualities or

9. Close, near; very precise, exact, or careful, “When I have least to narrate-to speak in the Scot. vigilant. properties. tish phrase--I am most diverting."-Richardson: Clarissa,

The orb he roam'd nar-cõt'-Ic-nēss, s. (Eng. narcotic; -ness.] The iv. 223.

With narrow search." Milton: P. L., ix. 83. same as NARCOTICALNESS (. V.).

B. Intrans.: To relate, to tell, to recite.

B. As adverb: nar-cot-ike, a. & 8. (NARCOTIC.)

| Though, as implied in the quotation from Rich 1. Narrowly, closely; within a very short distance. nar-co-tine, s. (Eng. narcotic; -ine.) ardson given above, this word was for a long time

“[He] miss'd so narrow, that he cut the cord Chemistry: CH NO. One of the alkaloids of considered a Scotticism, Dr. Fitzedward Hall (Mod

Which fasten'd by the foot the flitting bird." opium, and the first base extracted from that sub. ern English, p. 121) has shown that it was recog

Dryden: Virgil's neid, v. 675. stance, discovered by Derosne in 1803. It forms nized as English at least as early as 1668 by Bishop 2. Closely, strictly, vigilantly.. lustrous rhombic prisms, which melt at 170°, and Lloyd.

“Jalous he was, and held hire narre in cage, decompose at 220°. Insoluble in water and alkalies, năr-ra'-tion, s. (Fr., from Lat. narrationem, For she was wild and yonge, and he was old." ether. It is less poison accus.of narratio=a telling, a tale; from narratus,

Chaucer: C. 1., 3,225. ous than morphine, and its salts are very unstable. pa. par. of narro=to narrate (q. v.); Sp. narracion, C. As subst. (generally in the plural): A narrow nar-co-tin-Ic, a. [Eng, narcotin(e); -ic.] Per. Ital. narrazione.)

passage between one sea and another, or between taining to or obtained from narcotine.

I. Ordinary Language:

one lake and another; a narrow pass through a nar-cot-Işm, 8. [Eng. narcot(ic); -ism.)

mountain ; a strait; a contracted or narrowed part 1. The act of narrating; reciting or relating the

of a river or navigable channel. Med.: The same as NARCOSIS (q. v.).

particulars or incidents of an event in speech or

“Near this island there lay on one side the jaws of a nar'-cot-ize, v. t. [Eng. narcot(ic); -ize.) To W

2. That which is narrated: a narrative; a rela.

dangerous narrow."-Gladstone: Studies on Homer, iii. bring or place under the influence of a narcotic; to

295. tion or description in speech or writing of the parput in a condition of stupor. ticulars or incidents of an event; story, history,

narrow-billed, a. Having a narrow bill nard, nard'-ŭs, 8. [Lat. nardus, from Cr, nar- account.

Narrow-billed Plant-cutter: dos, from Pers, nard. from Sansc. nalada=the In.

"Grounded upon vain and fabulous narrations."-Hol. Ornith.: Phytotoma angustirostris. (PHYTOTOYA.) dian Spikenard, from nal=to smell; Fr. nard.]

Inshed: Descript. of Britaine, ch. v. 1. A plant; the same as SPIKENARD (q. v.).

narrow-bordered, a. Having a narrow border.
II. Rhet.: That part of a discourse which simply
"About the cedarn alleys fling

Narrow-bordered Bee Hawk-moth:
narrates or recites the time, manner, or conse-
Nard and cassia's balmy smells."

Entom.: Sesia bombyliformis. It has transparent quences of an action or event, or simply states the wings, their margins with dense opaque scales. Milton: Comus, 991.

facts connected with the subject from which the The wings with black or green, yellowish-gray, or 2. An ointment or unguent prepared from spike- conclusions are to be drawn.

brown markings, the body greenish and yellowish nard.

năr'-ra-tive, a. & 8. [Fr. narratif, from Latin with two black belts. Expansion of wings, 14 to 14 “The good, syncere, and true nard is known by the lightnes, red color, sweet smell, and the taste especially."

u narratus, pa. par. of narro=to narrate (q.v.); Ital. inch. -P. Holland: Pliny, bk. xii., ch. xii. & Sp, narrativo.)

narrow-cloth, 8. Woolen cloth under 52 inches | Common Nard, Nardus stricta.

A. As adjective:

in width. thard, v. t. (NARD, 8.] To anoint with nard. 1. Pertaining or relating to narration; as, narra.

narrow-fabric loom, 8. A loom adapted spe tive skill.

cifically for weaving ribbons, tapes, bindings. &c. "She took the body of my past delight

2. Of the nature of a narration, account, or rela. Narded and swathed and balmed it for herself."

narrow-gauge, 8. & a.
Tennyson: Lover's Tale, i.

Railway Engineering:
“Mr. Stanley has given to his work a narrative form
nar-dine, a, (Lat. nardinus; Ital. & Sp. nar.

A. As subst.: A gange of or less than 4 feet 84 which renders it easy and pleasant reading."-Brit. dino.] Of or pertaining to nard; having the quali: Quart. Review, 1873, p. 237.

inches in width between the rails, which is the usual ties of or resembling nard.

distance between the wheels of locomotives and

$. Inclined or given to the relation of stories; nar-doô', 8. (Native Australian name.)

railway-cars. The narrowest in actual operation, fond of story-telling, garrulous.

only two feet, is the Portmadoc and Festiniog RailBot.: Marsilea macropus, hirsuta, or salvatrix, the

“Wise through time, and narrative with age."

way in North Wales, through a very difficult conn spores and spore-cases of which are made into

Pope. Homer's Iliad, iii. 200.

try. This was originally designed as a tramway for

try. This bread by the Australian aborigines.

B. As substantive:

the transportation of slate, stone, and other min. nar-döş'-ml-a, 8. (Gr. nardos=nard, and osmē 1. A relation, account, description, or narration

erals to the sea, but has since been used for =smell.

passenger and freight traffic. of an event or series of events; a tale, a story, a po Bot.: A genus of Composites, sub-tribe Petasiteæ.

history. Nardosmia fragrans is sometimes found as an ";

B. As adj.: Laid down with a narrow-gauge. escape in shrubberies.

“Mr. Froude's regular narrative begins only at the narrow-minded, a. Having narrow or confined

close of the seventeenth century."-Brit. Quart. Review, views or sentiments; illiberal, bigoted. nar-dos-ta-chỹs, 8. [Greek nardos=nard, and 1873, p. 508. stachys=a spike.]

"An honest and pious, though narrow-minded man." 2. A particular kind of composition suited for the Macaulay: Hist. Eng., ch. iv. Bot.: A genus of Valerianacea, natives of Nepaul.

narration of events; as, He is very clever in narnarrow-mindedness, 8. The quality or state of (SPIKENARD.) rative.

being narrow-minded. nar-dūs, subst. (Lat., from Gr. nardos=nard | Narrative of a deed: (q.v.).)

Scots Law: That part of a deed which describes narrow-muzzled, a. Having a narrow mazzle. Bot. : Mat-weed; a genus of grasses, tribe Rot- the grantor and the grantee, and recites the cause Narrow-muzzled Seal: boelleæ. of granting.

Zool.: Stenorhyncus leptonys. fate, făt, färe, amidst, whãt, fall, father; wē, wět, hëre, camel, hēr, thêre; pine, pit, sïre, sir, marine; gó, pot, narrow-sea


naso-malar Darrow-sea, 8. 2. Architecture:

nā-gal-i-ză-tion, 8. (Eng. nasaliz(e); -ation.) 1. Gen.: A sea running between coasts not far

(1) A division in the early Christian churches in 1. The act, process, or habit of nasalizing or ut

which the catechisms were said, and to which pen- tering apart.

tering with a nasal sound. 2. Spec.: The English Channel. (Wharton.)

itents were admitted; it was near the entrance, and 2. The act of nasalizing by the insertion of a

separated from the rest of the church by a railing nasal. narrow-sighted, a. Short-sighted, close-sighted. or screen.

“The nasalization of a root by the insertion of m or n narrow-souled, a. Having a close, niggardly (2) An ante-temple or vestibule without the he

before the last letter of the same is common in Aryan church. disposition; illiberal; devoid of generosity; nar.

languages."-Notes and Queries. row-minded.

(3) A porch with a lean-to roof attached to mod

ern churches, and either extending the whole nā'-gal-ize, v. t. & i. (Eng. nasal; -ize.) năr'-row, v. t. & i. (NARROW, a.)

breadth of the church or along the breadth of the A. Transitive: A. Transitive: nave.

1. To make nasal, to render nasal, as the sound of 1. To make narrow or narrower; to diminish with *narwe, a. & adv. (NARROW, a.)

a letter. respect to breadth or width.

nar-whal, nar'-wal, nar-whale, s. (Dan. & 2. To insert a nasal letter (especially n) in. “Without in the wall of the house, he made narrored Sw. narhval; Icel. náhvalr=a narwhal : .nar

Schmidt thinks it may mark only a nasalising of the rests round about."-1 Kings vi. 6. (1551.) wall: Fr. narval.)

root-vowel."-Peile: Introd, to Greek and Latin Etym. (ed. 2. To contract in sentiment or views.

Zoől.: A Cetacean, called also the Sea-unicoru, 1876), p. 217.

the Monodon monoceros. The name sea-unicorn is *B. Intrans.: To speak or pronounce with a nasal “Who, born for the universe, narrow'd his mind, given because the

accent; to speak through the nose. And to party gave up what was meant for mankind." Goldsmith: Retaliation. male has a horn six,

nä-821-1ğ, adv. (Eng. nasal; -ly.) In a nasal seven, or even ten feet 3. To confine, to limit, to restrict.

manner, through the nose. long, one of the teeth "Society in despotic governments is narrowed accord. in the upper jaw ex.

năs-cal, nas-cale, s. (Fr., from Low Lat. nasing to the degree of rigor which the ruling tyrant ex. traordinarily prolong.

cale; Ital. nascale.) ercises over his subjects."-Observer, No. 21. ed. It is the left tusk

Surg. : A pessary of wool or cotton impregnated | Sometimes used reflexively; as, The inquiry which makes the horn,

with a medicament for introduction into the vagina. narrowed itself to one point. the right being rarely

năs-cen-cý, s. (Lat. nascentia, from nascens, developed. The tusk B. Intransitive: is spirally furrowed,

pr. par. of nascor=to be born.] The beginning, 1. Ord. Lang.: To become narrow or narrower; to and 'is of ivory, like

origin, rise, or production. be contracted, confined, or limited. the tusk of an ele.

"The nascency or generation of things."—H. More. *2. Manège: A horse'is said to narrow when he phant. When pre.

năs-cent, a. (Lat. nascens, pr. par. of nascor does not take ground enough, and does not bear far served in the cabinets

=to be born, to arise.] enough out to the one hand or to the other.

of our forefathers, it


1. Ord. Lang.: Beginning to exist or to grow; năr'-row-ed, pa. par. & a. (NARROW.] was supposed to como

springing up, coming into being, growing. from the mythic unicorn of antiquity. (UNICORN.

J 1. Ord. Lang.: (See the verb.)

2. Chem. The term applied to the state of an oleThe length of the Narwhal varies from fifteen to ment at the moment of its liberation from a com. 2. Bot.: Tapering.

twenty or twenty-two feet, the head being one fourth măr-rów- r. s. (Eng. narrow, v.; -er.] One who of the won'a the snow and ice of the eightieth

pound, and which is characterized by abnormal ne who of the whole, and the horn one-half. It is in its

chemical activity. or that which parrows or contracts.

nescent-organs. s. pl. năr'-row-Ing. pr. par.. a. & 8. INARROW. v.] parallel of north latitude. It feeds on the mollusca, nascent-organs, 8. pl.

and yields an oil more valuable than that of the Biol.: Organs not yet fully developed, and which A. & B. As pr. par. & particip. adj.: (See the common whale.

in their present state are useful to their possessor, verb.)

*năs. (See definitions.)

and will become more so. Nascent-organs differ C. As substantive:

1. A contraction for ne has=has not.

from rudimentary organs, which are useless. I. Ord. Lang.: The act of making narrow or con. 2. A contraction for ne was-was not.

nāşe'-bēr-rý, neēş'-bēr-rý, niş-bēr-rý, 8. (A tracting; the state of becoming narrow or con tracted.

nå-gal, a. & 8. (French nasal, from Low Latin corrupt. of Lat. mespilus=a medlar, through Sp.

nispero.] II. Knitting: That part of a stocking which is which is nasalis, from nasus=the nose; Ital. nasale.]

Bot. : Achras sapota. (ACHRAS, SAPODILLA.) narrowed in knitting.

A. As adjective:

naseberry-bat, 8.
1. Of or pertaining to the nose.
năr -row-1ğ, *nar-ow-lye, adv. (Eng. narrow;

2. Pronounced or uttered through the nose, or

Zoology: The Jamaican stenoderm, Stenoderma ly.) 1. In a narrow manner: with little breadth or through the nose and month simultaneously : as. Jamaicense, and the Spectacled stenoderm. S. per

spicillatum, frugivorous bats, showing great par. width: with small distance from side to side. a nasal sound, a nasal accent.

tiality for the fruit of the naseberry. 2. Contractedly; without extent or width. B. As substantive:

naseberry bully-tree. 8. 3. Closely, accurately, carefully, vigilantly, at- 1. Ord. Lang.: An elementary sound pronounced tentively. or uttered through the nose, or through the nose and

Bot.: Achras sideroxylon. “So in our streets sly beggars narrowly mouth simultaneously.

nāşi-ě-ús, 8. (Lat. nasus- the nose.] Watch motions of the giver's hand or eye." II. Technically:

1. Ichthy.: A genus of Acronuride. Twelve species Donne: Letters to Nr. T. W.

1. Ancient Arm.: A defence for the upper part of are known from the tropical Indo-Pacific, none of 4. Avariciously, sparingly, covetously.

them extending to the eastward of the Sandwich the face, or more properly for the nose; a nose5. Within a little; nearly; by a little; only just. vinet

Islands. In their mode of life these fishes resemble guard. "All on board narrowly escaped death by drowning." - "The helmets are mostly of a conical shape, in addi.

the Acanthuri (q. v.). One of the most common Grant, in Cassell's Tech. Eduoator, pt. xi., p. 326.

species is Naseus unicornis, which, when adult, tion to which several have nasals projecting in front."

attains a length of about twenty-two inches, and năr'-row-nēss, 8. [Eng. narrow, a.; -ness.) Wilson: Prehistorio Annals, ii. 344.

has a horn about two inches long. (Günther,) 1. The quality or state of being narrow; want of 2. Med.: A medicine operating through the nose;

2. Palæont.: Extinct species have been discovered breadth or wideness; smallness of distance from an errhine.

in the Eocene of Monte Bolca. side to side.

nasal-bone, s.

năsh, 8. [Etym. doubtful.] Chilly, hard, firm. "In our Gothic cathedrals, the narrowness of the archA nat.: The bone or bones forming the bridge of (Provincial Eng.) makes it rise in height, or run out in length."--Addison; the nose. On Italy.

nash-gab, s. Insolent language, impertinence. 2. Smallness or limitation of extent or scope; nasal-cavities, nasal-fossæ, s. pl.

nāş-i-cor-ni-, subst. pl. [Mod. Lat., from Lat. confined state or extent.

i Anat.: The cavities of the nostrils, placed one on nasus=a nose, and cornura horn.)

each side of a median vertical septum. They open “Pride is humbled, virtue rewarded, and vice pun.

Zool.: A name occasionally given to the section in front and behind by the anterior and posterior of the Perissodactyle Mammals containing the ished; and those more amply treated than the narrow ness of the drama can admít."-Dryden: Æn is. (Ded.)

nostrils, and communicate by fo
nostrils, and

sinuses of the frontal, ethmoid, sphenoid, and
3. Contraction or limitation of views or senti.
superior maxillary bones.

nåş-1-cor'-noŭs, adj. (Mod. Lat. nasicorn(ia); ments; want of breadth of views; illiberality,

Eng. adj. suff. -ous.] Having a horn on the nose. bigotry; want of enlarged views or sentiments.

nasal-duct, 8.

“Those four kinds of nasicornous beetles described by "Men should not reduce the world to the narrowness


Anat.: . A duct about six or seven nesia Tengu, Muffetus."-Browne: Vulgar Error

Anat.: A duct about six or seven lines in length, Muffetus." -Browne: Vulgar Errors, bk. iii., ch. xxiii. of their minds."-Bacon: Nat. Hist., § 290. constituting a groove in the upper maxillary bone,

nās-1-form, adj. (Latin nasus=the nose, and 4. Poverty; straitened or narrow circumstances.

and descending to the lower part of the lower
meatus of the nose.

forma=form, shape.). Having the shape or appear. 5. Covetousness, avarice, niggardliness, penuriousness.

nasal-fossæ, 8. pl. (NASAL-CAVITIES.)

ance of a nose; nose-shaped, nariform. 6. Closeness, nearness; as, the narrowness of an nasal-irrigator, 8.

năş-1-tēr'-nạ, 8. [Lat.=a watering-pot with a escape.

large spout.)

Surg.: A syringe for nasal douches. năr-the-ci-ūm, 8. (Lat., from Gr. narthēkion=

Ornith.: Pigmy Parrot, a genus of Camptolo. nasal-speculum, 8.

phing from New Guinea and the adjacent islands, (1) a small case or casket for unguents, made out of the hollow stalk of the plant Narthex (a. y): (2) Surg.: An instrument for distending the nostrils with seven species, all of small size. Prevailing any ointment-box.)

to expose the mucous membrane, and to facilitate color, green. (R. B. Sharpe.) Wallace reduces the Bot.: Bog-Asphodel; a genus of plants belonging deck TSPECULUM.)

genus of plants belonging explorations and operations in cases of polypus, to the order Juncaces (Rushes). It has a colored &c. [SPECULUM.]

nă-şö-, pref. [Lat. nasus=the nose.) Connected perianth, hairy filaments, one stigma, and a many ina-sā'-lis, 8. [Mod. Lat., from Lat. naso=a with the nose. seeded capsule, three-celled at the base. nose.

naso-labial, a. Relating or pertaining to the nar'-thěx. s. (Lat. narthex, from Gr. narthēx= times made a separate genus (Nasalis larvatus),

Zool.: Long-nosed or Proboscis Monkey, some- nose and lip; as, the naso-labial line. a genus of umbelliferous plants, Ferula, and spe

naso-malar, a. Relating or pertaining to the cially F. communis and F. meoides.] but more usually known as Semnopithecus (or Pres

nose and malar bone. 1. Botany : The umbelliferous genus mentioned bytis) nasalis. [KAHAU.]

T (1) Naso-malar angle: above. Narthex asafætida produces asafoetida. nã-găl -Y-tỹ, 8. (Fr. nasalité, from nasal=nasal Anthrop.: An angle proposed by Prof. Flower as (FERULA.) (q. v.).] The quality of being nasal.

a means of skull-measurement. It is formed by boll, boy; pout, Jówi; cat, cell, chorus, chin, bench; go, gem; thin, this; sin, aş; expect, Xenophon, exist. ph = f.

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“peculiar bed." corm appl

nă-tion-al, a. (Fr., from nation=nation (q.v.); and dissolve its organization may withdraw its nã-tive, *na-tyve, a. & 8. (Fr. natif, fem. na Sp. nacional; Ital. nazionale. First used at the bonds and retire its circulation by depositing with tive, from Lat. nativus=natural, native, from natus Westminster Assembly. (Collect. Scarce Tracts (ed. the Treasurer of the United States lawful money =born, pa. par. of nascor=to be born; Ital. & Sp. Sir W. Scott), vii. 91.)

to be retired. nativo. Native and naive are doublets.] 1. Of or pertaining to a nation, as distinguished (James H. Eckels, Comptroller of the U.S. Currency.) A. As adjective: from private or individual; public, general

National Church, 8. A church which is that of I. Ordinary Language: "Are they utterly careless of the national character a nation. Applied specially to the Churches of -London Daily Telegraph. England and Scotland.

1. Having existence by birth; having an origin; 2. Attached to one's country; devoted to the in.


National Convention, 8. [CONVENTION.) terests of one's own nation.

“Anaximander's opinion is that the gods are native, national covenant, 8. [COVENANT, (3).) “A thoroughly national and popular sovereign."-Lon.

rising and vanishing again."-Cudworth: Intell. System, don Daily Telegraph.

national debt, 8. (DEBT, 8., 84.)

p. 129. national-air, s. national guard, 8.

2. Original; giving origin. Music: An air or tune characteristic of or pecul. 1. In this country the National Guard consists of "Have I now seen death? is this the way iar to a particular nation or people; specifically that portion of the militia reserve of the Nation

I must return to native dust?"

Milton: P. L., II. 464. applied to an air or tune which is adopted as that that are enlisted in the service of the different to be played on state or public occasions; as, in states for a term of years, and have been armed and 3. Pertaining or relating to one's birth, or the this country, “Hail! Columbia;" in France, the equipped by the general government. The method place or circumstances of one's birth.

and in England, "God Save the of recruiting is entirely voluntary, and the number "O natiue land, Ilion, and of the Goddes Queen" (or King). Also called a national anthem. of men enlisted and uniformed is about 125,000. The mansion place!"-Surrey: Virgile; Æneis, ii. national-anthem, 8. (NATIONAL-AIR.)

These troops are ordinarily under command of the4. Produced by nature; natural, inborn, innate,

governors of their respective states, and have in genuine: not artificial. National Assembly, 8 The Legislative Assem.

more instances than one shown themselves a powbly in France. When the nobility and clergy sum erful adjunct to the civil authorities in quelling

'The native voice of undissembled joy." moned with the Tiers Etat to the States-General

Thomson: Summer, 61. insurrection and enforcing order. The entire declined to sit with the commons, these, declaring, militia reserve of the Union numbers about 10,000,

5. Constituting or being the natural home. on June 17, 1789, that they represented % parts of 000, but the name National Guard is applied only to

“ The soul ascends the nation, assumed the name of the National As that portion of the reserve in actual enlistment.

Towards her native firmament of heaven." sembly, though the name Constituent Assembly is2. In France an armed organization of the inhab

Wordsworth: Excursion, bk. iv. more frequently employed. itants of towns and districts for local defense.

16. Hereditary; resulting from birth. National Bank, 8. A National Bank is an associa. national-workshops, 8. pl.

"Did I put Henry from his native right?" tion composed of not less than five natural persons, Polit. Econ. & Hist.: The English name of

. authorized to conduct a banking business under

Shakesp.: Henry VI., Pl. 111., iii. &

7. Connected_by birth; belonging to by birth the laws of the United States and the supervision "Ateliers nationaux," established by the French of the Comptroller of the Currency, with a capital provisional government in February, 1848. and (Shakesp.: As You Like It, il. 1.)

*0. Cognate, congenial, kindred. stock of not less than $50.000. divided into shares which were abolished in three months, after a san

"To join like likes of the par value of $100 each. guinary contest.

And kiss like native things." The business of a National Bank is managed by a nă'-tion-al-Ism, 8. [Eng. national; -ism.]

Shakesp.: All's Well that Ends Well, i. 1. board of directors, composed of pot less than five 1. The quality or state of being national; nation. 9. A term applied to oysters raised in an artificia) persons, elected annually by the shareholders, each

ality. Shareholder having one vote on each share of stock2. An idiom, phrase, or manner of speech peculiar owned by him. The board of directors elect or

B. As substantive : irectors, Olect or to a nation : a national trait or character. appoint a president, vice-president, cashier, and 3. The political programme of the Irish Nation.

of the Irish Nation. I. Ordinary Language: other officers of the bank, and define their duties. alists (a.).

1. A person born in a particular place or country;

a person or thing deriving its origin from a partiocontracts, debts, and engagements of such associa Nationalists.

ular place or country. tion, and are liable to the par value of their stock, in addition to tre amount invested therein.

nă-tion-al-Ist, 8. & a. [Eng. national; -ist.)

"Make no extirpation of the natives, under pretence of

planting religion."--Bacon: Advioe to Villiers, The total liabilities to an association of any per A. As substantive : son, company, corporation or firm, for money bor:

*2. Source, origin.

1. Ord. Lang.: One devoted to his country; a rowed, are li nited to one-tenth of the capital stock patriot

“Th' accusation,

All cause unborn, could never be the native actually paid in.

Of our so frank donation."-Shakesp.: Coriol., iii. 1 National Banks located in the central reserve II. Technically: cities of New York, Chicago, and St. Louis are 1. Politics: One of that party in Ireland which | Some editions read motive.

ul desires separation, more or less complete, from required to keep on hand at all t money, twenty-five per cent. of their net deposits, Great Britain.

II. Min.: The same as ULEXITE (q. r.).

Native-alum=Tschermigite and Kalinite; Nawith the privilege of acting as reserve agent of any 2. Theol.: One who holds that God's election is tive-amalgam-Amalgam: Native-antimony= Antibank located outside of these three cities. Banks that of nations, not of individuals. located in the reserve cities, other than tho threo

mony; Native-arsenic= Arsenic; Native-bismuth=

B. As adj.: Belonging to the party known as Bismuth: Native-copper=Copper; Native-gold = named, are required to keep twenty-five per cent. of Nationalists.

Gold; Native-iridium=Iridosmine; Native-iron= their net deposits on hand, not more than one-half of

Iron, Native-lead=Lead; Native-magnesia=Bruwhich may be deposited with any National Banknă-tion-1-1-ty, 8. [Fr, nationalité, from na.

cite; Native-mercury=Mercury: Native-minium= located in either of the three central reserve cities. tional=national (q. V.).)

Cinnabar; Native-platinum = Platinum; Native and the remainder must be actually on hand in 1. National character; those traits or qualities

Prussian-blue = Vivianite; collectively which distinguish a nation. lawful money. All other banks are required to main

Native-quicksilver =

Mercury; Native-silver-Silver: Native-sulphur= tain a reserve fund equal to fifteen per cent. of their "That nationality of British love."-Howell: Letter

Sulphur: Native-tellurium=Tellurium ; Native-tip net deposits, not more than three-fifths of wbich bk. i., 82, let. xviii. may be kept with such banks located in the reserve2. The people or persons collectively constituting

=Tin; Native-zinc=Zinc. hey may, with the approval of the Comp- a nation ; a nation; a race of people.

native-bear, 8. troller of the Currency, select. The remaining two- 3. The quality of being strongly attached to one's 200l.: A popular Australian name for Phascol fifths must be kept on hand in lawful money.

own country and one's own countrymen; patriot- arctus cinereus, the koala (q. v.). Every association is required to make to the ism. Comptroller of the Currency, according to forms

native-carrot, 8.

4. The state of belonging to a particular nation prescribed by him, not less than five reports each

Bot.: The Tasmanian name of Geranium parvi. or country. year, exhibiting in detail the resources and liabili.

florum, the tubers of which were eaten by the na

"In the case of one of the medical officers who hapties of the association at the close of business on pened to be of the same nationality." --London Daily Tel

tives, now an extinct race. any past date, specified by the Comptroller, which graph,

native-currant, 8. reports must be verified by the oath or affirmation of the president or cashier of the association,

5. Existence as a distinct nation; national unity Bot.: The Australian name of Leucopogon richii, and integrity.

a shrub growing on the sea coasts of the island. attested by at least three of the directors, and published in a newspaper published at the place or in

"Institutions calculated to ensure the preservation of The berries are small, white, and eatable.

their nationality."--H. 8. Eduards : Polish Captivity. the county where the bank is located, in the same

native-devil, 8. form as it is made to the Comptroller. National nã-tion-al-1-za-tion, 8. [Eng. nationaliz(e); ZOOL. : The popular Tasmanian name for Daen. Banks are also subject to examination at least once -ation.] The act or process of nationalizing: the rus ursinus, the Ursine Dasyure, on account of the a year by a National Bank examiner, appointed by actof giving in possession to the nation, as distinct great havoc it commits among sheep and poultry. the Comptroller of the Currency, with the approval from individuals. of the Secretary of tho Treasury, who is required to

native-gum, 8. The name given in Guiana to

"The nationalization of land."--London Daily Tele- the gum of Guaiacum officinale. make a full and detailed report of the condition of graph. the association to the Comptroller. In case an

native-potato, 8. association is found to be insolvent, and for other

nă-tion-al-ize, v. t. (Fr. nationaliser.)

Bot.: Gastrodia sesamoides, the root of which rereasons, a receiver is appointed by the Comptroller1. To make national; to fit or adapt for a nation. sembles a strong kidney potato, bat is insipid. It to take charge of its assets and wind up its affairs. 2. To make the property of the nation, as opposed i

he nation, as opposed is sometimes eaten in Tasmania. Any association is entitled to receive from the to individuals; to transfer the ownership of to the Comptroller of the Currency, upon a deposit of inter- nation.

nă-tive-18, adv. (Eng. native; -ly.] est-bearing bonds of the United States as security3. To give the character, habits, customs, and 1. In a native manner; by birth or nature; nattherefor, circulating notes, equal to ninety per cent. institutions of a particular nation to; as, to nation- arally, of the par value of the bonds so deposited, but not alize a foreign colony.

"We wear hair which is not natively our own." eremy exceeding ninety per cent. of the current market nă-tion-al-18, adv. (Eng. national; -ly.) In a Taylor: Artificial Handsomeness. value of such bonds if less than par, or ninety per national manner; with regard to the nation as a 2. Originally. cent. of the capital stock of the association actually whole

“This goodneng of God natively proceeded trom His paid in. Each association is required to keep on

"Who being nationally espoused to God by covenant." will."--Shelford: Learned Discourses, p. 184. deposit with the Treasurer of the United States a

-South: Sermons, vol. ii., ser. 1. sum equal to five per cent. of its circulation, to be

nā-tive-ně88, 8. . [Eng. nativ(e);, ness.) The held and used for the redemption of its notes, and

and nă-tion-al-nēss, 8. (Eng. national; -ness.] quality or state of being native or produced by na. any association desiring to close up its business The quality or state of being national; nationality. tare. boli, boy; pout, Jowl; cat, cell, chorus, chin, bench; go, gem; thin, this; sin, aş; expect, Xenophon, exist. ph = f.

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e): ism. A dispo-

natts. Fr. from Low Lat. natta, from 7. According to life and reality: not strained or sition or tendency to favor those of native birth in Lat. matta a mat (q. v.).]

affected; not artificial; without affectation, artipreference to those of foreign origin.

*1. Ord. Lang.: A mat.

ficiality, or exaggeration; true to life. na-tiv'-1-tỹ, *na-tyv-y-te, s. (Fr. nativité, from “Item: paid for natts for the Rayleg at ye Communion

“Thou art even natural in thine art." Lat. nativitatem, accas. of nativitas=birth: from table, ls. 2d." --Eoclesfield Church-wardens' Accounts, 1640.

Shakesp.: Timon of Athens, v. 1 nativus=natural, native (q. v.); Sp. natividad; 2. Arch. (pl.): A kind of ornamentation used in 8. Obedient to the impulses of nature; kind, tenItal. natività.)

the decoration of surfaces in the architecture of der. I. Ordinary Language: the twelfth century. So termed from the resem “In his love to her, even most kind and natural."

Shakesp.: Measure for Measure, iii. 1. blance of its interlacement to that of matting. 1. A coming into life; a being born; birth. "The natyuyte of Crist bi fleisch."-Wycliffe: Mark. năt'-tēr, v. i. [Cf. Icel. knetta= to grumble.) To 9. Connected by the ties of consanguinity or (Prol.)

nature. chatter peevishly; to nag, to find fault. *2. The time, place, manner, or other circum.

Divorce 'twixt natural son and sire." “Got the better of her nattering hubit.”—G. Eliot: Adam Bede, ch. iv.

Shakesp.: Timon of Athens, iv. 3. stances attending birth.

Loft. S. nodre: Icel. 10. Illegitimate; born out of wedlock; as, a nat“They say there is divinity in odd numbers, either in

8. [Prob. a. corrupt. of A.S. nædre: Icel.

ural son. nativity, chance, or death."-Shakesp.: Merry Wives of nadhr=an adder (q. v.).) (See etym. and comWindsor, v. 1. pound.)

II. Technically: . *3. The state or place of being produced. natter-jack, natter-jack toad, s.

1. Math.: A term used in mathematics to indicate

that a function is taken in, or referred to, some sys. “These, in their dark nativity, the deep 200l.: Bufo calamita, the Rush Toad. Light

tem, in which the base is 1. Natural numbers are Shall yield us." Milton: P.-L., vi. 482. yellowish-brown, clonded with dull olive, a bright

those commencing at 1; each being equal to the 4. A picture representing the Nativity of the yellow line running down the

preceding, plus 1. Natural sines, cosines, tangente, Savior. back. The warts of the skin

cotangents, &c., are the sines, cosines, tangents, coare larger and the eyes more II. Technically:

tangents, &c., taken in arcs, whose radii are 1. prominent than in the Com 1. Astrol.: A horoscope; a scheme or figure of the mon Toad (Bufo vulgaris),

Natural, or Napierian, logarithms are those taken heavens, especially of the twelve houses at the mo- but the glandular swellings

in a system whose modulus is 1.

Music: ment when a person is born.

on the head are less. The 2. Nat. Hist.: The indigenousness of a zoological male hasa cry,“glouk, glouk.”

(1) A term applied to the diatonic or normal or botanical species in any place.

scale of C. (SCALE.) The eggs are laid in the T (1) The Nativity: Spec., the birth of Christ, water. The tadpoles are ex

(2) Applied to an air or modulation of harmony,

which moves by easy and smooth transitions, Dec. 25. But there are two other festivals of the tremely small; the metamorNativity:

changing gradually or but little into nearly-related phosis lasts about six weeks. (a) That of the Virgin Mary, kept by the Roman Found in many parts of

keys. Catholic Church on Sept. 8; it is said to have been Europe and in Tibet.


(3) Applied to music produced by the voice, as

distinguished from instrumental music. instituted by Pope Sergius I., about 630, and adopt năt-tầred. a. Ens natter. v.:.ed.l Querulous (4) Applied to the harmonics or over-tones given ed by the Eastern Christians in the twelfth century. (6) That of John the Baptist, June 24. It is beimpatient.

off by any vibrating body over and above its original "She believed she grew more nattered as she grew older;

sound. lieved that it was instituted A. D. 488.

3. Theol.: In a state of nature: unregenerate. but that she was conscious of her natteredness was a new (2) To cast a nativity: Astrol.: To draw a horoscope or scheme of the thing." -Mrs. Gaskell: Ruth, ch. xxix.

“The natural man receiveth not the things of the heavens at the moment of a person's birth, and to năt'-tēred-něss, s.

Spirit of God."-1 Corinthians, iii. 14.

(English nattered; -ness.] calculate, according to the rules of astrology, the Querulousness, impatience.

B. As adv.: Naturally, future influence of the predominant stars.

Năt-tēr-ēr, s. (A German naturalist who for “I do it more natural."-Shakesp.: Twelfth Night, ii, S. nã-tri-ci-næ, 8. pl. (Lat, natrix, genit. nat. seventeen years made collections for the Emperor C. As substantive: ric(is); fem. pl. adj. suff. -ince.)

of Austria in Brazil, returning about 1840 with Zo81.: A sub-family of Colubrine Snakes, widely 1,070 species of birds which he had collected.

I. Ordinary Language: distributed, with seven genera and fifty species. (Swainson: Birds, p. 460.)]

1. A native; one of the original inhabitants of a (Wallace.)


Natterer's bat, s. nā'-tri-ūm, 8. (NATRON, Sodium.]

2. A natural quality, state, or gift; a gift of 2001.: Vespertilio nattereri, a social bat. Found nature; a gift. inā'-trix, s. [Lat.=a water-snake, from natos in Northwestern, Central and Southern Europe. “It is with depraved man in his impure naturalls, that to swim. Zool.: The typical genus of the sub-family Natri. Reddish-gray bat. Fur reddish-gray, white beneath. Called also the we must maintaine this quarrell.”-Bp. Hall.: St. Paul's

Combat. cinæ. (For characters and species see Tropidonotus.)

năt-ti-ly, adv. [Eng. natty: -ly.) In a natty or

3. One born without the usual powers of reason atron). neat manner; neatly, tidily, sprucely. nā-tró-bör-ő-căl-çite, s. (Eng., &c., natro(n);

or understanding; an idot, a fool. boro(n), and calcite.)

"That a monster should be such a natural."-Shakesp.: năt-ti-něns, 8. (Eng. natty ; -ness.). The quality Tema

Tempest, iii. 2.
Min.: The same as ULEXITE (q. v.).

or state of being natty; neatness, tidiness, spruce.

II. A sign which restores a note to its place in nā-tro-cal-çite, s. [Eng. natro(n), and calcite.) ne

the normal scale of C. It has the effect of sharpenMin.: A pseudomorph of calcite after crystals of. ostale of *năt-ting, 8. (Mid. Eng. natt(e); -ing.) Mat.

ing a note previously flattened, or of flattening a ting; a covering with mats. gaylussite (q. v.) ; so named because the substance

note previously sharpened. It is an accidental: was supposed to contain soda. Found at Sanger. “For covering the seats with natting in the Dean's

that is, it does not occur in the signature of a piece hausen, Merseburg, Prussia. closet, ls.”-Fabrio Rolls of York Minster, p. 348.

of music, unless at the sudden change of key. Its năt'-ro-lite, 8. (Eng., &c., natro(n), and Greek năt-tý, a. (Prob. connected with neat (2), a.] power does not extend beyond the bar in which it lithos=stone; Ger. natrolith.] Neat, tidy, spruce.

appears. The earliest known use of the sign is Mineralogy:

"A higher promise for maturity than Lucy's natty com.

found in Bonaffino's Madrigali Concertati (1623), a 1. A member of the Zeolite group of minerals, pleteness."-G, Eliot: Mill on the Floss, ch. vii,

work in which also bars are employed as marking usually regarded as orthorhombic, but, because of

the correct divisions of time.

năt-u-ral, *năt-u-rall, *nat-u-rel, a., adv. its optical properties, referred by some mineralo

natural-affection, s. The love which one has gists to the monoclinic system of crystallization. & 8. (Fr. naturel, from Lat. naturalis, from natura

for his or her kindred. Hardness, 5-5-5; specific gravity, 2:17-225; luster, Enature (q. v.); Sp. & Port, natural; Ital. natuvitreous to pearly; color, white, yellowish, some- rale.]

natural-allegiance, s. (ALLEGIANCE, 8., 11. 1.] times red;transparent to translucent. Composition: A. As adjective:

natural-barriers, s. pl. Silica, 47.2: alumina, 270; soda, 16 3; water,95 = 100, 1. Ordinary Lanorage: having the formula 3Si02, Al2O3, NaO2HO. Dana

Physical Geog.: The name given by Buffon to makes two varieties:(1) Ordinary, consisting of. (a) 1. Pertaining to nature; produced or affected by mountains, deserts, seas, or climates, separating groups of slender, colorless prisis, often acicular; nature; not artificial, acquired, or assumed; given natural history provinces from each other. (b) fibrous divergent or radiated masses, which fre or conferred by nature.

natural-born, a. Born in a country; native. quently resemble thomsonite and pectolite (q. v.);

The natural bravery of your isle."

natural-child, s. (c) solid amygdules ; and (d) compact massive: (2)

Shakesp.: Cymbeline, ii. 1. Iron-patrolite, a dark-green opaque variety, in 2. Forming part of nature.

Law: The child in fact; the child of one's body. which one-fourth of the alumina is replaced by ses

Used specially for one born out of wedlock.

“Nothing natural I ever saw so noble " quioxide of iron. Bergmannite, brevicite, crocalite,

Shakesp.: Tempest, i. 2. natural-harmonics, s. pl. fargite, galactite, lehontite, palæo-natrolite, radi.

3. Connected or dealing with nature or the exist. Music: The sounds given off by any vibrating olite, and savite are referable to this species.

2. A variety of Scapolite (a. y.). found at Hesse. ing system of things; treating of the world of mat-body over and above its original sound; overtones. kulla, Sweden.

ter and mind; as, natural philosophy, natural natural-history, s.

history, natural laws. na-tron, 8. (Gr. nitron=potash or soda; Lat. 4. In conformity with the laws of nature : regu.

Science: In the widest sense, and as used by the nitrum-niter or saltpeter.)

lated by or in accordance with the laws which goy ancients, Natural History included all natural Min.: A monoclinic soluble salt, occurring in ern events, actions, sentiments, &c.; following or

science, and had the Cosmos for its subject. In nature only in solution or mingled with other

coming naturally, or in the ordinary course of more recent times its range was limited to 2o0logs: sodium carbonates. Hardness, 1-1.5; specific gray. things

now again, its bounds are extended, and it may ity, 1.423; luster, vitreous; color, wbite when pure;

be defined as the science which deals with the

“There is something in this more than natural." taste, alkaline. Composition: Carbonic acid, 26:7;

earth's crust and its productions. Thus it includes

Shakesp.: Hamlet, ii. 2. soda, 188; water, 54.5=100. Formula, Na2CO3+

Geology, Mineralogy, Palæobotany, and Palæont10120.

5. In accordance with what would naturally hap- ology, treating respectively of the inorganic world

pen; reasonable; consonant with what might be and organic remains of past ages. To these sucnatron-spodumene, 8.

expected in the ordinary course of things; as, It ceed Biology, or the Science of Life, in its widest Min.: The same as SODA-SPODUMENE (q. v.). was only natural that he should think so.

science. (BIOLOGY.) Popularly, Natural History nā-tro-sid -ēr-ite, 8. (Eng., &c. natron), and 6. By nature; by natural disposition.

is synonymous with zoology (q. v.), and some Gr. sidēros=iron.)

“A natural coward without instinct." - Shakesp.: Henry writers of authority use it in that sense. Min.: The same as ACHMITE (q. v.). IV., Pt. I, ii. 4.

Natural History Provinces: (PROVINCE.) fate, făt, färe, amidst, whất, fâli, father; wē, wět, hëre, camel, bēr, thêre; pine, pit, sire, sir, marine; gó, pot,


its optical proponoclinic systemy 2:17-225); luster: rale.)
Hardness, 5-5.5; specilor, white, yellowish, sip: A. As adjective:

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