Abbildungen der Seite




mol-11'-tious, a. (Latin molli(8)=luxurious, mol-lăs-coid'-a, 8. pl. (Lat. mollusc(a) (q. v.), I. Ordinary Language: with English suif. -tious.] Luxurious, inviting to and Gr. eidos=form.

1. Lit.: In the same sense as II. 1. tepose.

1. Zool.: A primary division of Mollusca insti. 2. Fig.: Some dread or irresistible influence or "Mollitious alcoves gilt

tuted by Milne Edwards, and in Professor Huxley's passion, at the shrine of which everything would be Superb as Byzant domes that devils built.”

classification, one of the eight primary groups into sacrificed. Browning: Sordello, iii. which he divides the animal kingdom. He places

II. Technically: mõl-11-tüde, s. [Latin mollitudo, from mollis= it between the Mollusca and the Calenterata. The1. Compar. Relig.: The distinctive idol of the soft.) Softness, weakness, effeminacy. mouth is provided with ciliated teutacula, disposed

Ammonites (1 Kings xi. 7). The commonest spellmol-lu-ġin -ě-, s. pl. (Mod. Latin mollugo, in a circle or in a horseshoe shape, or fringing

ing of the word is Molech (Lev. XX. 2, 3, Jer. genit. mollugin(is), Lat. fem. pl. adj. suff. -eæ.) long arms; it leads into a large or sometimes

xxxii. 35). Amos has Moloch (v. 26). To show that Bot.: A tribe of Caryophyllacea. The sepals, exceedingly large pharynx, and in two or three the

Moloch and Milcom are the same, cf. 1 Kings xi. which are nearly or quite distinct, alternate with atrial system is greatly developed. Dr. Henry

5. 7. The Malcham of Zeph. 1,5 much resembles the stamens when both are the same in number. Woodward says that the Molluscoida have the

Milcom : in Hebrew it means their king." Perbody, with shells placed differently to those of the mõl-lü'-go, s. [Lat.=Galium mollugo.]

haps it means Molech in 2 Sam. xii. 30, and Jer. Mollusca, or have a tubular or shell-like covering. Bot.: The typical genus of the tribe Mollugineæ The gills are more or less free or fringed with cilia,

xlix. 1, 3. Molech was the Ammonite fire-god. He (a. y.). It consists of inconspicuous plants with without the usual lamellre of the Mollusca, and they 79 of Amos v. 26). Though the offering of children

had a connection with the planet Saturn (the Chiun dichotomous stems, verticillate leaves, and cymes serve for the capture of food as well as for respira- to Moloch was forbidden in the Mosaic law (Lev. of small flowers. Found in the warmer parts of tion or the

I tion; or there may be a crown of ciliated tentacles. both hemispheres. According to Dr. Dymok, the It includes the Bryozoa and the Brachiopoda

xx. 2, 3), it was introduced not later than the reign species are bitter and expel bile. The dried plant These

of Solomon. Its special seat during the Hebrew These in their structures, embryonic and adult, of Mollugo hirta is prescribed in Sind in cases of show

monarchy was in the Valley of Hinnom. [GEHENXA, show resemblance to those of Vermes, Mollusca, and diarrhea.

TOPHET. Probably at first the children were placed Tunicata. Prof. Huxley divides the Molluscoida in the fire, and left there till they were consumed mỗ1-list, mỗ1-lăng, 8. [MoLLUSCA.] into three classes: Ascidoida, Brachiopoda, and

(Lev. xx. 2, 3; Jer. vii. 21); then after humanity, Zool.: An animal of the class Mollusca. Polyzoa. (Introd. to Class. Animals, 115, 116.)

perhaps at the instance of the mothers, began to mol-lŭs-ca, 8. pl. (Neut. pl. of Lat. molluscus=

2. Palæont.: Range from Cambrian times till

assert itself over cruel superstition, the children now. soft, from mollis=soft.]

were passed hastily through the fire, so as to giv "He, however, thinks it not improbable that the mol- them at least some hope of life (Lev. xviii. 21; Jer. 1'2002.: According to Linnæus, an order of luscoida may ultimately require to be merged in the xxxiii. 35). Vermes, distinct from Testacea, which immediately mollusca."-Huxley: Introd. Class. Animals, 86.

NEEDFIRE.] follows it. He placed under it a miscellaneous

2. Zool.: Agenus of Lizards, family Agamidæ. It assemblage of genera which he described as naked.

ad mõl-lús-cold-al, a. (MOLLUSCOIDA.] Mollus. contains but one species, Moloch horridus, from coid.

Australia. It is about six inches in length, armed not included in a shell, furnished with limbs. They were: Actinia, Ascidia, Limax, Holothuria, Sepia. “The highest and lowest molluscoidal animals...

on the head, body, limbs, and tail, with spines of Aphrodita, Nereis, &c. (Systema Naturæ (ed. 1767), swarmed in numbers." --Darwin: Origin of Species, ch. xi. large size, whence its popular name, Thorn-devil. i. 1,072.). Cuvier made the Mollusca one of the four mol-lŭs'-coŭs, adj. [Eng. mollusc; -ous.] Per Mo-lo-kăn (pl. Mö-10-ka’-ni), 8. [Russ. moloko great" divisions" or sub-kingdoms of the Animal taining to the mollusca: having the qualities or =milk.) Milk-drinker; one of a sect in Russia who Kingdom, of equal rank with the Vertebrata, the characteristics of the mollusca.

observe the laws of Moses regarding meat, forbid Articulata, and the Radiata. He subdivides it into "Among the molluscous or soft-bodied animals."-Pat.

the use of images or the sign of the cross, and consix classes : Cephalopoda, Pteropoda, Gasteropoda, terson: Zoology, p. 27.

sider all wars unlawful. They derive their name Acephala, Brachiopoda, and Cirrhopoda (Animal Kingdom (ed. Griffith), i. 61, xii. 4-5.)

from the quantity of milk-food eaten by them. molluscous-animals, s. pl. Except that

mo-lo-pēş, s. pl. [Gr. mõlõps (genit. mõlõpos)= the last class has now been merged in Crustacea, Zool.: The Mollusca (q. v.). and placed with the Articulata or Annulosa, the

the mark of a stripe, a weal.]

moi-lūs'-cům, s. (Neut. sing. of Lat. molluscus essential features of Cuvier's arrangement have soft. i

Pathol.: Petechiæ (q. v.). still been preserved. In 1813 Prof. Owen arranged 01. Ord. Lang.: A mollusc (q. y.).

mo-lös'-sī, 8. pl. [Molossus.] the Mollusca in an Acephalous division, containing

2002.: A group formed by Dr. Dobson. " for the “May prove that man is only the evolution of a mollus. the orders Tunicata, Brachiopoda, and Lamellicum." - Hamilton: Lectures on Metaphysios, i. 72.

reception of three genera of Emballonuridæ : Molos. branchia, and an Encephalous division, with the a

sus, Nyctinomus, and Cheiromeles." (Proc. Zool. orders Pteropoda, Gasteropoda, and Cephalopoda.

2. Pathol.: A skin disease consisting of one or Soc., 1876, pp. 764-735.) (Compar. Anat. Invert. Animals (ed. 1843), p. 269.) more small tumors, from the size of a pea to that of Mr. S. P. Woodward recognized six classes: Ce a pigeon's egg. There is a true molluscum, which , mo-los-si'-næ, 8. pl. [Mod. Lat. moloss(us): phalopoda, Gasteropoda, Pteropoda, Brachiopoda, is contagious, and a false, which is non-contagious. Lat. fem. pl. adj. suff.-ina. Conchifera, and Tunicata. (Manual of the Mollusca

Zool.: A sub-family of Emballonuridæ. It conmõl-lūsk, 8. [MOLLUSC.]

tains two groups: Molossi and Mystacinæ. (ed. 1851), 6-8.) Prof. Huxley separates from the already limited class Mollusca a class Molluscoida mol-lús-kig-ēr-oŭs, a. (Eng. mollusk; i conm o-los'-sūs, 8. [Gr. Molossos= belonging to Mo(q. v.). (Introd. to Classif. of Animals (ed. 1869), pective, and Lat. gero=to bear.) Producing mol- lossia, a district of Epirus, celebrated for producing P. 82.) Dr. Henry Woodward defines the Mollusca as lusks.

a kind of wolf-dog used by shepherds.) animals with a soft body, without segments, naked "The cavity of the molluskigerous sac."-Huxley: Anat. 1. Gr. Lat. Prosody: A foot of three long syllaor covered with a shell of one or two valves com- Invert. Animals, ch. viii.

bles. posed of carbonate of lime secreted by a fold of the m01-lūsk-ite, s. [Latin mollusc(us); suff. -ite Ears close, or united at base of inner margin;

2. Zool.: The typical genus of the group Molossi. skin-the mantle. They have a brain-mass, and

(Palæont.). foot and mantle ganglia. Some have an internal

tragus very short; extremity of muzzle broad, ob

Palæont.: Black carbonaceous animal matter, tuso or obliguely truncated: lips smooth, or with hard shell or cartilage. The symmetry of the body

occurring in contrast with other colors in some is bilateral. Example, the cuttle-fish, the snail, the

very indistinct vertical wrinkles : back of toes cor. kinds of marble. oyster, &c. He makes Tunicata and the Molluscoida

ered with long curved hair. Range, tropical and an "intermediate group," and divides the sub-king. MÕI-lý, s. (See def.]

sub-tropical regions of America. Dr. Dobson dom into four classes: Cephalopoda, Gasteropoda, 1. Ord. Lang.: A familiar form of the name Mary,

enumerates nine species. Pteropoda, and Conchifera. (Cassell's Nat. Hist., v. fo it. 11181., V. formerly in general use.

mõi'-o-thrús, 8. [Etym. doubtful; Agassiz gives 153-4. Many thousand recent Mollusca are known, 2. Ornith.: A popular name for the Fulmar

m a name for the Fulmar Gr. mõlos = toil, and throue=a confused noise ; distributed throughout every climate and nearly (ov).

McNicoll gives molein=to transplant. Cabanis every part of the world.

suggests that molothrus is a mistake, and that Gr. 2. Palæont.: The shells of the Mollusca being all Molly Maguires, 8. pl.

molobros=a glutton, was intended by Swainson.] but indestructible, and easy of identitication, atford History, dc.:

Ornith.: A genus of Icteridæ, with species rang. us a reliable means for ascertaining the relative

1. A secret society formed in Ireland, in 1843. to ing from La Plata to the Northern United States. age of strata. As some, moreover, inhabit fresh intimidate bailiffs or process-servers distraining for Bill short and stout, lateral toes nearly equal, claws water, others the land, besides the large numbers rent, or others impounding the cattle of those who rather small; tail nearly even; wings long, pointed. which find their home in salt water, they often were unable or unwilling to pay rent. The members As far as is known, they make no nest, but deposit settle the fresh-water or marine origin of a stratum. of the association were young men dressed up in their eggs in the nests of other (usually smaller) The marine ones being distributed also in certain female attire, and having their faces blackened. birds. The best known species is Molothrus pecoris. zones of salt water, they frequently afford materials

"These Molly Maguires were generally stout active popularly known

conerally stront tire popularly known as the Cow-bird or Cow Blackbird, for sounding a sea which has passed away ages ago. young men, dressed up in women's clothes, with faces

*from their keeping about that animal, and find Next to the Protozoa, the oldest fossils known are blac

blackened or otherwise disguised; sometimes they wore ing, either from her parasitic insects or her drop. Mollusca. They have abounded from Cambrian crape over their countenances, sometimes they smeared pings, opportunities for food." The male has the times till now. The longevity of molluscous species themselves in the most fantastic manner with burnt cork neck, head, and anterior half of the breast lich: (not individuals) is much greater than that of the about their eyes, mouth, and cheeks. In this state they chocolate brown; rest of the body black, with me Mammalia. Hence. Lyell's arrangement of the used suddenly to surprise the unfortunate grippers, keep- tallic luster. The female is light olivaceons brown

in rv formations in accordance with the relative ere, or process-servers, and either duck them in bog-holes, all over. Billand feet black in both soyee Raid percentage of recent and fossil species must not be or beat them in the most unmerciful manner, so that the

Molly Maguires became the terror of all our officials."

The Brewer, & Ridgway.) extended beyond the Mollusca. Trench: Realities of Irish Life, ch. vi.

*molt, pret. & pa. par. of t. (MELT.] m81-lms'-cạn, a. & 8. [Mod. Lat. mollusc(a);

2. A similar society formed in 1877 in the mining *molt'-a-ble, a. [Eng molt; -able.) Capable of Eng. suff. -an.)

districts of Pennsylvania. The members sought to being melted; meltable. A. As adj.: Of or belonging to the class Mollusca.

effect their purpose by intimidation,,carried in mõlt-en, pa, par. or a. (MELT.1 Melted: made B. As subst.: A mollusk. some cases to murder. Several were brought to

of melted metal. mol-lūs'-coid, s. & a. [MOLLUSCOIDA.] justice and executed.

"And he made a molten sea, ten cubits from the one mõi-18-cod-dle, s. (From Molly, a female name brim to the other."-1 Kings vii. 23. A. As substantire: Zool.: A member of the group Molluscoida.

and coddle (q. v.). J An effeminate person. (Slang.) mõli-tõ. adv. Ital.l' * The connecting link between the molluscs proper and "Such a thin-legged silly fellow as his uncle Pellet-a the molluscoids." - Wood: Nat. Hist., p. 663. mollycoddle, in fact."-George Eliot: Mill on the Floss,

Music: Much, very; as, molto adagio, very slow; B. As adjective: ch, ix.

molto allegro, very quick; molto sostenuto, much 1. Molluscous. Mö-1õch, *M0-1ěcho, MIl-com, Măi'-cham, 8.

sustained. "Molluscoid animals feel the jar of those rapid undula. (Gr. Moloch, from Heb. Molech, in the Old Testa. MO-lüc-ca, 8. (See det.! tions." - H. Spencer: Psychology, ch. iv., p. 311.

ment, except in 1 Kings xi. 7, with ha="the" pre- Geog. (pl.): An alternative name for the Spice 2. Belonging to the molluscoida. fixed=the king; cf. melek=king.)

Islands in the Asiatic Archipelago. fate, făt, färe, amidst, whãt, fall, father; wē, wět, hëre, camel, hêr, thêre; pine, pit, sïre, sir, marine; go, pot,

of all our officials ,ne Brender:

ties of Irish Liter




was called the Moluccalhotes: the Harpy Bat. It cagile lamellæ. Crystalliznis, 10

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

Molucca-balm, 8.

mo-lyb-do-mě-nite s. [Greek molybdos=lead; mo-ment-ar-i-nēss, subst. (Eng. momentary; Bot.: Molucella, a genus of Labiatæ. mēne=the moon, and suff. -ite (Min.).)

ness.] The quality or state of being momentary;

Min.: A mineral occurring in very thin and brief duration.
Molucca-bat, s.
Zoöl.: Harpyia cephalotes, the Harpy Bat. It Composition: A selenate of lead. Found with

2 mo'-ment

at. momentarius, 1 rom was called the Molucca bat by Pennant and Shaw. chalcomenite and cobaltomenite in the Cerro de momentum=a moment (q. v.). ] Lasting only for a It is found in the islands of Celebes and Amboyna. Cacheuta, southeast of Mendoza, Argentine Re- moment; done or past in a moment. mõl-va, 8. [Etym. doubtful.] public.

“The fit is momentary." Shakesp.: Macbeth, iii. 4. Ichthy.: A genus of Gadidæ, erected for the re- mo'-19-site, 8. [Gr. molysis = a stain; German mo'-ment-1ğ, adv. (Eng. moment; -ly.] From 8, Molva vulgaris, otherwise Lota molysit.)

moment to moment; every moment; momentarily. molva. It differs from Lota in having several teethM in.: A mineral forming brownish-red to yellow in the lower jaw and on the vomer. encrustations on the lavas of Vesuvius. Composi.

“I hear ye momently above, beneath, tion: Chlorine, 65'5 ; iron, 34.5 = 100, corresponding mo -18.8. [Lat., from Gr. moly, from mõlyo=to with the formula Fé Clz..

Crash with a frequent conflict."

Byron: Manfred, i. 2. mitigate.) 1. A fabulous plant, to which were ascribed magic *mõme, s. [Old Fr, mome, momme, from Latin

from Latin mo-měnt-oŭs, adj. [Latin momentosus, from

Of moment; of properties. It had a black root and a white blossom, momus, Gr. Mömos=the god of raillery or mockery.l momentum=a moment (q. v.). and was given by Hermes to Ulysses to counteract 1. A clown, a buffoon.

weight or consequence; weighty, important. the spells of Circe.

2. A stupid, a dull fellow; a blockhead.

“A momentous question which admitted of no delay."“Black was the root, but milky white the flower;

"Mome, malthorse, capon, coxcomb, idiot, patch." Macaulay: Hist, Eng. ch. xi. Moly the name, to mortals hard to find."

Shakesp.: Comedy of Errors, iii. 1. mo-měnt-oŭs-1ỹ, adv. [Eng, momentous; -ly.] Pope: Homer's Odyssey, x. 365. mo-měnt, 8. (Fr., from Latin momentum (for In a momentous degree; weightily; with great 2. Wild Garlic, Allium moly.

movimentum) = a movement, an instant, moving weight, consequence, or importance. Dwarf Moly is Allium chamomoly: Homer's force, weight, from moveo = to move; Ital. & Sp.

mo-měnt'-oňs-něss, 8. [Eng. momentous; -ness.) Moly is A. magicum.

momento.] mo-1gb-dāte, 8. [Eng. molybd(ic); -ate.)

The quality or state of being momentous; imporI. Ordinary Language:

tance, weight, moment. Chem.: A salt of molybdic acid.

*1. Momentum; impulsive power or weight.
“Touch with lightest moment of impul

mo-měnt'-ŭm, 8. (Latin for movimentum, from molybdate of iron, s.

His free-will."

Milton: P, L., X. 45. moveo=to move.] Min.: A mixture of molybdite with limonite 2. Consequence, importance, weight, value, influ. 1. Ordinary Language: (q. v.). ence, consideration,

1. An impulse, an impetus. molybdate of lead, 8.

"Matters of great moment."

That momentum of ignorance, rashness, presumption,

Shakesp.: Richard III., iii. 7. Min.: The same as WULFENITE (q. v.).

and lust of plunder which nothing has been able to re

3. An essential element; an important factor. sist."--Burke: On the French Revolution. mo-1gb-děn-a, 8. (MOLYBDENUM.] 4. The smallest portion of time; an instant.

2. A constituent or essential element. mo-1gb-děn-īte, 8. [Eng. Molybdenum; suff. “So soon swift Æthe her lost ground regain'd,

II. Mech.: The force possessed by matter in mo-ite (Min.).)

One length, one moment, had the race obtain'd."

tion; the product of the mass by the velocity of a Min.: A soft mineral found mostly in foliated

Pope: Homer's Iliad, xxiii. 606. masses, or as aggregates of minute scales, rarely in

body. Thus a ball of four pounds weight moving

II. Technically: tabular, hexagonal crystals. Crystallization, yet

uniformly at the pate of eighteen feet in a second *1. Math.: An increment or decrement; an infini.

would have double the momentum that one of three uncertain; hardness, 1-1-5; specific gravity, 44-4.8; tesimal change in a variable quantity.

pounds weight moving at the rate of twelve feet luster, metallic; color, lead-gray, opaque; lamina, 2. Mechanics :

per second would possess, for 4 X 18 is 72, and flexible, sectile; leaves a gray trace on paper.

The movement of a force is:
The moveme

3 x 12=36, or half as much. The force of percusComposition: Sulphur, 410; molybdenum, 59-0=100, (1) With respect to a point: The product of the corresponding with the formula Mos). Found dis. force into the distance of its point from its line of sion, that 18, the force with which a moving body

strikes an object, is the same in amount as the tributed through crystalline rocks, sometimes in action. considerable amount. Called also Molybdenum (2) With respect to a line: The product of the momentum of the former. sulphide.

component of the force which is perpendicular to "If L stands for length, T for time, and m for mass,

the line, into the shortest distance between the mo-1gb-do-nům, 8. [Lat. molybdana; Greek lino and the direction of this component.

their momentum is T "-Everett: C. G. 8. System of Units molybdaina=galena (9. V.), from Lat. molybdus; (3) With respect to a plane: The product of the (1875), ch. i., p. 6. Gr. molybdos, and molybdis=lead.

forco into the perpendicular distance of its pointl. Angular momentum: The product of moment hem.: A metallic, hexad element, discovered by of application from the plane.

of inertia by angular velocity, or the product of Hjelm in 1782; symbol, Mo; atomic weight, 95.5;

Moment of a couple. The product of either momentum by length. If Mstands for mass, L for molecular weight, unknown; specific gravity 86. It oftne forces into the perpendicular between them. length, and T for time, their angular momentum is is of rare occurrence, but is found in combination, (2) Moment of inertia: The sum of the products ML. Called also Moment of Momentum. (Everett: with sulphur as molybdenite, Mos 2; with oxygen of the mass of each particle of a rotating body into T in molybdenum ocher, MoO3; and as lead molyb- the square of its distance from the axis of rotation. C. G. S. System of Units (1875), ch. i., p. 6.) date. MoO.Pb0, in wulfenite. The metal 18 ob (3) Statical moment: The moment of equilibrium tained by heating molybdic anhydride, or one of the between opposite forces.

mo-mi-ēr, 8. (Fr., from 0. Fr. momer = to chlorides, to rdness in a current or hydrogen. It (1) Virtual moment of a force. The product of mumm, to mask one s sell. A name given in conis a silver-white, brittle, almost infusible metal, ha intensity of the force into the virtual valorit of tempt or ridicule by the French and BW188 Calvin permanent in air at ordinary temperatures, but its point of application.

ists, in 1818, to certain persons, chiefly Swiss, who when heated it oxidizes, and is ultimately converted

(5) Moment of a magnet: The product of the seceded from their communion. into molybdic anhydride. It is not attacked by strength of either of its poles by the distance be- *mom-ish, a. [Eng. mom(e); -ish.) Foolish. dilute hydrochloric orsulphuric acids, but is readily

readily tween them. Or more rigorously, a quantity which, in aqua-regia, or in hot concentrated sul when multiplied by the intensity of a uniform field

Discovered lyes to momish mouthes." phuric acid. Molybdenum forms with oxygen the gives the couple which the magnet experiences

Verses prefixed to Googe's Eglogs. following oxides: Hypomolybdous oxide, Moo; when held with its axis perpendicular to the line of mo-mor-di-ca, 8. (From Lat. mordeo (perf. dimolybdous trioxide, Mo203; molybdous oxide, 03 molybdous oxide, force in this field.

momordi)=to bite, because the seeds look as if Moon, and molybdic anhydride, MoO3, all of rela

(6) Moment of momentum: [MOMENTUM, F.] bitten. tively slight importance. It forms four chlorides, MOCI, MOC

Bot. : A genus of Cucurbitaceæ, tribe (ucurbites. *mõ'-ment, v. t. (MOMENT, 8.] To arrange to a me Moll, and MoCl,; and three sul

The leaves are lobed or compound, the flowers phides, MoS, MoS2, and MoSA, the last two being moment.

white or yellow, monoecious or diccious. Males acid sulphides, and forming sulphur salts.

"All accidents are minuted and momented by Divine

with three stamens and zigzag anthers, two of them Providence."--Fuller: Worthies, ii. 334. molybdenum-oxide, s. (MOLYBDITE.]

two-celled, the third one-celled. Fruit fleshy. molybdenum-sulphide, s. (MOLYBDENITE.] mo-měnt'-al, a. (Eng. moment: -al.]

prickly, or warty. Found in the hotter parts of

1. Lasting only for a moment: momentary : very both hemispheres. Momordica charantia has a mo-17b-dic, mo-1ỹb'-doŭs, a. (English molybd- bi brief.

bright orange-yellow fruit, one to six inches long. (enum); -ic, -ous.) Pertaining to or derived from

“Not one momental minute doth she swerve."

It is cultivated throughout India. Two varieties of molybdenum.

Breton: Sir P. Sidney's Ourania (1606.) it are known in Bengal. After being washed in hot molybdic-acid, s.

2. Momentous.

water to diminish its bitterness, it is eaten by the Chem.: M002012. It separates as a white crys.

Hindus in their curries. It is used in India inter

*mo-měnt'-al-1ý, adv. [Eng. momental; -ly.] talline powder, when hydrochloric or nitric acid is for a moment: momentarily.

nally as a laxative, and as an ointment for sores; added to a solution of a molybdate. It is insoluble

the juice as a mild purgative for children; the as

"Air but momentally remaining in our bodies, hath no tringent root in hæmorrhoids. The fruit and leaves in water, but soluble in an excess of an acid, and is

proportionable space for its conversion."-Browne: Vul are used as an anthelmintic also in piles. lan used, in combination with ammonia and nitric

are used as an anthelmintic, also in piles, leprosy, gar Errors.

and jaundice. The former is tonic, stomachic, and acid, in testing for minute quantities of phosphoric acid,

mo-měn-tā'-ně-oňs, * mo-měn'-tāne, * mo- given in diseases of the spleen and liver. M. dioica molybdic-ocher, s. (MOLYBDITE.]

men-tan-ý, adj. [Latin momentaneus, from grows wild in India, where the young and tender momentum=a moment; Fr. momentanée.] Lasting

fruit is eaten by the natives with the tuberous roots molybdic-silver, 8. but a moment; momentary.

of the female plant. The root is used also to stop Min.: The same as WEHRLITE (q. v.).

“Howe short and momentane the pleasure of this filthie

bleeding from piles, and in bowel complaints. Ains

lie says that when mixed with cocoannt, pepper, flesh is."-Stow: The Meroians (an. 749). mo-1gb-dîne, s. (MOLYBDITE.) m6-1ỹb-dite, mô-l8b -đìne, 8. [Eng. molybd

and red sandal-wood and applied in the form of a

*mo-ment-an-i-nēss, *mo-ment-an-i-nesse, liniment it relieves headache. M. cochinchinensis (enum); sufl.-ite, -ine (Min.); Ger. molybdit.] subst. (Eng. momentany; -ness.] Momentariness is eaten. The fruit of M. balsamina has a smooth

Min.: An orthorhombic mineral occurring in “Howe doth the momentaninense of this misery add to orange or yellow fruit, one to four inches long, groups of capillary crystals, or as an earthy encrus- the misery."-Bishop Hall: Character of Man.

Pickled or steeped in oil, it is a vulnerary. M. ela. tation. Hardness, 1-2; specific gravity, 4:49-450; *mõ'-men-tan-, a. MOMENTANEOUS.]

terum, called also Ecbalium agreste, is the Squirtcolor, straw-yellow. Composition: Oxygen, 34.29:

ing Cucumber (q. v.). M. operculata is a drastic molybdenum, 65.71=100, corresponding with the mo-ment-ar-i-ly, adv. [Eng momentary:ly.

purgative. The fruit of M. monadelpha, called also formula M003. Also formed in crystals artificially. 1. For a moment; so as to last only a moment. Coccinia indica, is eaten by the natives of India in Called also Molybdenum-oxide and Molybdic-ocher. 2. Every moment; from moment to moment.

their curries.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors][ocr errors]




mo-mor'-di-cine, 8. (Mod. Lat. momordic(a); priests under the Mosaic law. Elijah and John the of the different monads are of different degree of clear. sutf. -ine (Chem.).

Baptist had monastic tendencies (1 Kings xvii. 3, 4, ness. God is the primitive monast, the primary substance; Chem.: The same as ELATERIN (q. v.). (Gar xix. 1-9: 2 Kings i. 8: Matt. iii. 4). But genuiné all other monads are its fulgurations. God has none but rod.) Jewish monasticism, with its celibacy as well as

adequate ideas. Every soulis & monad. Plants and minits asceticism and seclusion from society, seems to

erals are, as it were, sleeping monads with unconscious mo'-mot, 8. [MOTMOT.]

ideas. In plants these ideas are formative vital forces; have begun with the Essenes (q. v.), and to have mo-mõt-i-dæ, 8. pl. [Mod. Lat. momot(us); Lat. been continued by the Therapeuti (q.v.).

in animals they take the form of sensation and memory:

in human souls they disclose themselves in consciousness, fem. pl. adj. suff. -idæ.]

(3) Christian Monachism: In the second century

reason; they approach, though they do not attain, the Ornith.: Motmots; a family of fissirostral picarian certain persons who aimed at stricter piety than learness of the adequate ideas possessed by God."--Hist. birds, ranging from Mexico to Paraguay, and to the their neighbors often held converse together with Pantheism, ii. 207, 208. west coast of Ecuador, but having their headquar- out quite separating from society. They were 4. Zool.: (See extract.) ters in Central America. Six genera are known. called ascetics, and were the successors of the "No better illustration of the impossibility of drawing mo-mo-tůs, 8. [Latinized from motmot (q. v.).] Therapeutæ, who prepared the way for the rise of

any sharply defined distinction between animals and Ornith.: Motmot, the typical genug of the family monachism. In the third century Paul ranged

plants can be found, than that which is supplied by the Momotidæ (q. v.). Ten species are known, ranging

through the desert of Thebais in Upper Egypt dur-history of what are termed Monads. The name of Monad from Mexico to Brazil and Bolivia, one species ex

ing the Decian persecutions. He and others who has been commonly applied to minute free or fixed, tending to Tobago, and ono to Western Ecuador.

acted similarly were called Anachorets or Anchor- rounded or oval bodies, provided with one or more long The general plumage is green, and most of the spe

ites, or persons who retire from society, recluses, cilia, and usually provided with a nucleus and a concies have the strange habit of denuding the central

a solitaries [ANCHORITE), also eremites or hermits, tractile vacuole... Some are locomotive conditions

that is, persons who live in the desert. EREMITE.1 of indubitable plants; others are embryonio conditions rectrices of the web with their beaks. They fi uently resided in caves. In 305 Anthony,

of as indubitable animals. Yet others are embryonic

forms of organisms which appear to be as much animals mo -mus, 8. (Gr. momos=(1) ridicule, (2) see det.] an Egyptian monk, collected many of the eremites

as plants; and of others it is impossible to say whether 1. Gr. Myth.: Ridicule personified; the critic into communities. These were called cænobites

they should be regarded as animals or as plants.'"god, the son of Night. (Hesiod: Theog., 21.) He from their living in common. In this he was largely Huales

Huxley: Anat. Invert. Animals, pp. 44, 45. blamed Vulcan for not having placed a window in assisted by his disciple Pachomius. The same the human breast. discipline spread through Western Asia and Eu

monad-radical, s. *2. Ord. Lang.: One who carps at everyth rope. From among the Eremites who lived apart

Chem.: A compound radical which can replace a querulous person.

from each other sprung the Sarabaites and Gyro- one atom of hydrogen, or which requires only one Momus' lattice: An imaginary window in the vagi (Vagabond monks), disreputable races, the equivalent of a monad element to satisfy its active human breast that the thoughts might be seen. Stylites, or Pillar Saints, associated forever with ato

the name of Simeon, who died in 451, with other "Were Momus' lattice in our breasts,

*mon-a-där-1-a, 8. pl. [Latin monas, genit. ramifications. At first all the monastic establish- monad(is): neut. pl. adj. suff. -aria.] My soul might brook to open it more widely Than thine."

Byron: Werner, iii. 1.

An m ents followed the rule of Pachomius, but in the Zoðl. : De Blainville's name for the Infusoria.

early part of the sixth century St. Benedict intromon-, mon-o-, pref. (Gr. monos= alone, sole.] duced new regulations, and all the monastic orders

s mõn-a-děl'-phi-a, s. pl. [Pref. mon- (q. v.); Gr. A common prefix'in words derived from the Greek,

for some centuries were Benedictine. Many ordi- adelphos=a brother, and Lat. neut. pl. adj. suff.- a.) and signifying unity or singleness.

nary monks becoming corrupt, the new Order of Bot.: The sixteenth class in Linnæus' system. mo-na, s. (Sp. & Ital.=an old woman.) Canons was instituted in the twelfth century, and. The stamens constitute a single "brotherhood" or

bundle, being united with a single tube. There are Zool.: Cercopithecus mona, a monkey from Sene

as the great wealth which their communities had gal. It is remarkable for its brilliant coloration : acquired was believed to be one of the main causes seven orders, Triandria, Pentandria, Heptandria, the head being olive-yellow, with a black stripe on of that corruption, there arose, in the beginning of Octandria, Decandria, Dodecandria, and Polythe forehead; yellowish whiskers and a purple the thirteenth century, different mendicant orders, andria (q. v.). face. The back is chestnut-brown, and there is a

the members of which vowed poverty. (MENDI- mon-à-děl'-phi-an, a.& 8. (Mod. Lat. monawbite spot on each side near the root of the tail,

etail. CANT-ORDERS.) At first all the monks were laymen; delphi(a); Eng. suff. -an.] which is black. (Mivart.)

now they consist of three classes: (1) Priests; (2) Botany :

choir monks, in minor orders; and (3) laybrothers, mõn-a-căn -thús, s. (Pref. mon-, and Gr. akan- who act as servants and laborers. Originally they

A. As adj.: The same as MONADELPHOUS (q. v.). tha=a spine.)

B. As subst.: A plant of the Linnean class Monawere under the jurisdiction of the bishop, but ultiIchthy.. A genus of plectognathous fishes, family

mately tbey were exempt from all authority except delphia (9. V.). Sclerodermati, group Balistina. There is only one that of the Holy See. The influence of the mendi- mon-a-děl'-phon, 8. (MONADELPHIA.] dental spine, and the rough scales are so small cant orders was on the wane at the Reformation, Bot.: A column of stamens united into a tube. as to give the skin a velvety appearance. Adult

and the Jesuits took their place. At that date males of some species have minute spines arranged

mon-a-děl'-phoặs, a. [Mod. Latin monadelmany monasteries in England and elsewhere were in rows on each side of the tail, or the spines of the di

deprived of their endowments and suppressed.

ed ph(ia); Eng. suff. -ous.] scales developed into bristles. Common in the Th

mvu 14 uno Those of France were swept away in the first Revo. Bot.: Combined into one "brotherhood," or bunAtlantic. Fifty species are known.

lution. Though since restored, they have not

of dle; having all the stamens united into a single mõn-ăç--ě-tin, s. (Pref. mon-, and Eng. acetin.) attained their former importance. [MONASTERY,

tube, as in the Malvaceæ. Chem.: C3H,(OH)2(0:C2H30). Glyceryl dihydrate MONK, Nun.)

mõn-ad-ic, *mon-ăd -ic-al, a. [Eng. monad; acetate. A colorless, oily liquid obtained by heat- mon-a-chůs, s. (Lat., from Gr. monachos=a;

-ic, -ical.] Having the nature or character of a

& monad. ing glycerine with glacial acetic acid for some monk.] time, to a temperaturo of 100%. It is miscible with 2001.: A genus of Phocidæ, called by F. Cuvier mon-ad-1-dæ, mõn-a-di-na, s. pl. (Lat. monas, a small quantity of water, but is decomposed by a Pelagius. Monachus albiventer is the Monk-seal genit. monad(is); fem. pl. adj. suff. -idæ, or neut. large quantity.

(q. v.). M. tropicalis, a Jamaican species, is prob- -ina.) mõn-a-chal, a. (Eccles. Lat. monachalis, from ably distinct.

Zool.: A family of Rhizopods, order Flagellata. monachus=a monk (g.v.); Fr. & Sp. monacal, Ital.

They were classed, under the name Monadina, by

mõn-ăc-tin-ěl-11-dæ, s. pl. [Pref. mon-; Mod. Ehrenberg, as Infusoria. There is a nucleated cormonacale.] Pertaining or relating to monks or Lat. actinella=a little ray, and Lat. fem. pl. adj.puscle, with a vacuole and an external thread-like monastic life; mopastic. sufl. -idæ.]

appendage or tail-like lash. They are developed in mõn-a-chism.s. (Fr. monachisme, from Eccles. Zool.: A name usually given to a sub-order of organic infusions. Some are only afro inch long. Lat. monachus=a monk. The system of monastic Silicispongiæ, more properly called Monaxonide life; monkery, monkishness. (q.v.), since they are characterized by being uni

mõn-ad-1-form, a. (Lat. monas (genit. monaxial, not by being one-rayed. “What labor is to be endured turning over volumes of

adis)=a monad, and forma=form, appearance.)

Having the form or appearance of a monad. rubbish in the rest, Florence of Worcester, Huntingdon, mon-ad. 8. (Lat. monas (genit. monadis)=a (Owen.) Simeon of Durham, Hoveden, Matthew of Westminster, unit, from Gr. monas=a unit, from monos= alone, mõn-a-di-na.sol. MONADIDE and many others of obscurer note, with all their mona. single; Sp. monada, Ital. monade.) chisms, is a penance to think."- Milton: Hist. Eng., bk. iv.

mõn-ad-õl - Ó-ġġ, 8. (Fr. La Monadologie, the I. Ord, Lang.: An ultimate atom or molecule; a title of a sketch written by Leibnitz in 1714, and The ultimate fact on which monacbism rests is a

18 18 simple substance without parts; a primary constit. intended for Prince Eugene of Savoy. It was not that many people are born with a tendency to con

uent of matter. templation rather than to active exertion, and, if

published till 1720 (in a German translation), and pious, consider that they will be more free from

"But that which is of more moment yet; we have the the original French did not appear till 1839. Greek temptation to sin by retiring from the ordinary

authority of Ecphantus a famous Pythagorean for this, monas (genit. monados)=a unit, and logos=a dis

that Pythagoras his monads, so much talked of, were course. ) world. Hot climates tend to strengthen these feel nothing else but corporeal atoms."-Cudworth: Intel. Sys ings, and monachism has flourished more luxuri

P hilos.: The name given to that portion of the tem, p. 13. antly in Asia, Africa, and Southern Europe, than in

philosophical system of Leibnitz which considers the colder north.

II. Technically:

physical bodies as aggregates of particles or atoms. (1) Ethnic Monachism: The most gigantic devel. 1. Chem.: Univalent element. A name given to "Modern biology presents us with an illustration of opment of monachism the world has ever seen was those elements which can directly unite with, or the monadology, in its conception of the organism 69 that of Buddhism (q.v.), and it was the earliest in replace, one atom of hydrogen in a compound. The

constituted by an infinite number of cells, each cell havpoint of date. The Jain system is also monastic. monad elements aro hydrogen, chlorine, bromine,

ing an independent life of its own-origin, development,

and death. The compound result of all these separate Brahmanism possessed it to a less, butstill to a con- iodine, fluorine, lithium, sodium, potassium, ruthe lives is the life of the organism."-G. H. LercesHist. siderable extent. Of the Hindu Triad the worship nium, caesium, and silver

Philos. (1880), p. 287. of Brabma scarcely exists: connected with that of 2. Philol.: A monosyllabic word or root: specif..

in Vishnu and Siva there are many monastic orders or a monosyllabic root of the isolating class of lan.

mo-nål, s. (Native name.] sects. Of the former, Dr. Horace Hayman Wilson guages.

Ornith.: [IMPEYAN-PHEASANT.] enumerates nineteen, and of the latter eleven, with 3. Philos.: A term first used by Giordano Bruno mon-am-ide, 8. (Pref. mon., and Eng. amide.) fourteen others, some sub-divided (Works (1862), (circ. 1548-1600), and adopted in a slightly different

Chemistry: A name given to organic nitrogenous i. 12). Curiously enough, most of them arose about sense and brought into prominence by Leibuitz

bodies, derived from one molecule of ammonia, the the same dates as the leading religious orders of (1648-1716). To avoid the Atomism of Gassendi, he

hydrogen being replaced wholly or partly by acid Christendom were instituted, as if Oriental and conceived a number of true unities, without

radicals. Western minds advanced equally, or some cause extension, but endowed with the depth of an had operated simultaneously both in the East and internal life, thus distinguishing them from atoms. mon-am-Ine, 8. [Pref. mono, and Eng. amine.) the West. (Merz.)

Chem.: A term applied to certain organic bases, (2) Jewish Monachism: The Nazarites were an "Monad is the term given by Leibnitz to simple anes derived from ammonia by the replacement of ascetic soct temporarily under vows, but not bound tended substance; that is a substance which has the power one or more atoms of hydrogen by monad positive to celibacy, which is nowhere enjoined even on of action ... All monads have ideas, but the ideas radicals. fāte, făt, färe, amidst, whāt, fàil, father; wē, wět, hëre, camel, hēr, thêre; pīne, pit, sire, sir, marine; go, pot,


[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

enance to think.", note, with all the minster,

"But that whichantus a famous Pytha talked of, were course..: The name gireneibnitz which co




fmỏn-nđẽ, 8. [MoNANDRIA.]

mo-nar-chic, mo-nar-chic-al, *mo-nar'- mõn-ar-dě-a, 8. pl. (Mod. Lat. monard(a); Bot.: A plant belonging to the Linnæan class Monchick, a. (Fr. monarchique, from Gr. monarchikos, Lat. fem. pl. adj. suff. -eæ.] andria (q. v.). from monarchos=ruling alone.)

Bot.: A tribe of Labiatæ. It is divided into three mõn-ăn-dri-a, 8. pl. [Mod. Latin. from pref. .1. Vested in a single ruler; presided over by a families : Salvidæ, Rosmarinidæ, and Horminidæ. mon., and Gr. aner (genit. andros)=a man.]

mỏn-ls, 8. [Gr, omat=a unit.] Bot.: The first class in Linnæus' system. It con

Monarchical their State,

20ől.: A genus of Flagellata, sub-order Panto

But prudently confined, and mingled wise sists of plants with only one stamen. There are two

stomata. Monas dallingeri, un inch in length, has Of each harmonious power."

one flagellum, flexible at first, and becoming rigid orders, Monogynia and Digynia (q. v.).

Thomson: Liberty, iv. 696.

toward the base in old specimens. mõn-an-dri-an, a.& 8. (Mod. Lat. monandria

2. Of or pertaining to monarchy. (q.v.); Eng. suff. -an.]

mõn-as-tër:-1-al, a. (Lat. monasterialis, from The monarchick, and aristocratical and popular par. monasterium=a monastery (q. V.); Ital. monasterBotany:

tisans have been jointly laying their axes to the root of A. As adj.: The same as MOXANDROUS (q. y.).] all government, and have in their turns proved each

other absurd and inconvenient."-Burke: Vindication of B. As subst.: A plant of the Linnwan class Mon- Nat

mon-as-tër-1-a1-1ğ, adv. (Eng. monasterial; Natural Society.

oly.] Monastically andria (q. v.). mo-nar-chic-al-1ỹ, adv. (Eng, monarchical; Rabelais. bk. i. (Prol.)

"Many being monasterially accoutred."--Urquhart: món ăn-dric. a. English monandr(y); -ic] lu.l In a monarchical manner; after the manner Belonging to or in any way connected with the of a monarchy.

mon-as-tēr-ý, s. (Lat. monasterium, from Gr. practice of monandry; practicing monandry (q.v.) mõn-arch-Ism. s. Eng. monarch: -ism.] The

monastērion=a minister, or monastery, from mon

astës=dwelling alone, from monaző=to be alone; "Such customs as prevailed in ancient Britain, and principles of monarchy; love of or preference for their perpetuation after marriage had become monan- monarchy.

monos= alone, single; Fr. monastère; Ital. monasdrio."-J. F. MacLennan: Studies in Ancient Hist., p. 272.

tero, monasterio, Sp. monasterio.] (Note.) mõn-arch-ist, 8. [Eng. monarch; -ist.] An Comparative Religions :

1. Ethnic: For details as to the Buddhist and món ăn-droŭs, adj. [Mod. Lat., &c., monan- advocate or supporter of monarchism.

Jain monasteries, see the articles BUDDHIST-ARCHIdr(ia); Eng. suff. -ous.)

“I proceed to examine the next supposition of the

TECTURE, JAIN-ARCHITECTURE, also BUDDHIST and Bot. Having only one stamen; of or belonging to church monarchists."--Barrow: Of the Pope's Supremacy.

JAINISH. the class Monandria (q. v.).

non-arch-ize, v. t. & i. (Eng. monarch; -ize.] 2. Christian.: The ecclesiastical Latin monastermon-in-drý, s. [Gr. monos=alone, single, and A. Trans.: To rule over as a monarch.

ium=the home of a religious community of men, aner (genit. andros) =a man, a husband.]

was in general use in the Church for several cen- B. Intrans.: To act the monarch; to play the king. Anthrop.: That form of marriage in which one

turies, when it was displaced by conventus=a comman espouses ono woman. [MARRIAGE, POLYAN. T. Nashe: Terrors of the Night.

"A humor of monarchizing and nothing else it is."

munity (of men or women), bound by rule, and DRY.]

practicing the counsels of perfection. By Roman mon-arch-iz-ēr, tmõn'-arch-iş-ēr, 8. (Eng. ecclesiastical writers the word monastery is usually “We thus see exhibited in Sparta, at one and the same

restricted to Benedictine houses, and houses of time. promiscuity in its highest polyandrie form, and monarchiz(e); -er. An advocate of monarchical

Orders practicing some modification of the Benelingering round a growing practice of monandry." J. F. government; a monarchist. MacLennan: Studies in Ancient History, p. 273.

"Let the pride

dictine rule; as, a Carthusian monastery, a Cisterof these our irreligious monarchisers

cian monastery ; but a Franciscan or a Dominican mõn-än-thoŭs, adj. [Gr. monos=alone, single,

Be crown'd in blood."

convent. One of the effects of the Oxford movement and anthos=a flower.)

Haywood: Rape of Lucrece, iii. in England has been the attempt of Father Ignatius Bot.: Producing but one flower; applied to a *mon-ar-cho, s. (MONARCH.) A crack-brained (the Rev. J. L. Lyne) to found a Benedictine mon. plant or peduncle. Englishman affecting the airs of an Italian,

astery at Llanthony, near Abergavenny. mon-arch, s. & a. [French monarque, from Lat. "A phantasm, a Monarcho, and one that makes sport."

“There is a monastery two miles off, monarcha, from Gr. monarchēs=a monarch: monos

Shakesp.: Love's Labor's Lost, iv. i.

And there we will abide." =alone, and archõ=to rule, to govern; Ital. & Sp. mõn-ar-chý, *monarche, *monarchie, subst.

Shakesp.: Merchant of Venioe, iii. 4. monarca.) [Fr. monarchie,'from Lat. monarchia; Gr. monar

mo-năs-tic, a.& 8. [Gr. monastikos = living in A. As substantive : chia=a kingdom ; monarchos=ruling alone: monos

i solitude, from monastēs = dwelling alone; Fr. mo

"Ital nustique; Low Lat. monasticus; ltal. & Sp. monas

alone, and archõ=to rule; Sp. monarquia, Ital. 1. A sole ruler, a supreme governor; one invested

tico.] with supremo authority, as an emperor, a king or


1. The system of government in which the su A. As adj.: Of or pertaining to monasteries, their queen, a prince, &c.; a sovereign.

preme power is in the hands of a single person. rules, life, or occupants; pertaining to monks or 2. One who or that which is superior to all others

religious seclusion. of the samo kind. “The first, the most ancient, most general, and most

"Where he at Mayniard led Mont Blanc is the monarch of mountains:

approved, was the government of one ruling by just laws,
called monarchy."-Raleigh: Hist. World, bk. i., ch. ix.,

A strict monastic life, & saint alive and dead." They crown'd him long ago."

Drayton: Polyolbion, & 24. •

$ 2.
Byron : Manfred, i. 1.
2. A state or government in which the supreme

*B. As subst.: A monk, a recluse.
3. One who presides; the president, patron, or
power is in the hands of a single person.

mo-năs-tic-al, a. (Eng. monastic; -al.] The presiding genius.

“Our theory affords a presumption, that the earliest gov. same

same as MONASTIC, A (q. v.). "Come, thou monarch of the vine,

ernments were monarchies, because the governments of Plumpy Bacchus, with pink eyne."

mo-năs-tic-al-17, adv. (Eng. monastical; -ly.) families and of armies, from which, according to our In a monastic manner; like a monk or recluse; in "Shakesp.: Antony and Cleopatra, ii. 7.

account, civil government derived its institution, and B. As adj.: Supreme, ruling.

probably its form, is universally monarchical."-Paley: seclusion.

Nat. Philosophy, bk. vi., ch. i. mo-nar-cha, 8. (Gr. monarche=a governess, a

mo-năs-tic-on, 8. (Gr. monastikos = living in female ruler.)

solitude.) A book giving an account of monas

3. A kingdom, an empire. Ornith.: A genus of Muscicapidæ ; twenty-eight

“This small inheritance

teries, convents, and other religious houses; as, Contenteth me, and's worth a monarchy."

Dugdale's Monasticon Anglicanum. species are known, from Australia, Tasmania, the Moluccas, Caroline, and Marquesas Islands. The

Shakesp.: Henry VI., Pt. II., iv. 10. mon-a-tõm -ic, adj. (Prefix mon-, and English plumage is brilliant; Monarcha loricata is black

4. Supreme power.

atomic.] Containing one atom. and white, the throat scaled with metallic blue;

"There Alexander put them vnder

monatomic-alcohol, s. M. chrysomela, brilliant black and bright orange;

Which wroght of armes many a wonder
M. telescophthalmata, the Speckled Flycatcher, is

Chem.: An alcohol containing only one atom of
So that the monarchie lefte
With Grekes."

Gower. C. A. (Prol.) pure white and velvety black, with a broad azure

replaceable hydrogen, in the oxatylic portion of the

radical. fleshy ring round the eye. The last two were found

T(1) Absolute monarchy: A government in which ra in New Guinea by the naturalists of the “Coquille." the monarch is invested with absolute or despoticmozatomic-element, s. power.

Chem.: An element containing one monatomio mo-nar-chal, a. (Eng. monarch; -al.] Befit

(2) Despotic monarchy: The same as Absolute molecule. The monatomic elements are mercury, ting a monarch; princely, sovereign, regal. monarchy.

cadmium, and zinc. “Satan... with monarchal pride,

(3) Elective monarchy: A government in which monatomic-molecule. s. Conscious of highest worth, unmoy'd thus spake." the choice of the monarch or ruler is vested in the

Chem.: A molecule containing ono atom. Milton: P. L., ii. 428. people.

mo-nâul', 8. (Native name.] *mon-ar-chěss, 8. [English monarch; -ess.] A (4) Fifth monarchy men: (FIFTH.]

(5) Hereditary monarchy: A monarchy in which Ornith. : [IMPEYAN-PHEASANT.] female monarch.

the sovereignty descends directly from the holder mõn-ăx-on-y-dæ, s. pl. (Pref. mon-: Gr. axon mo-nar-chi-al, adj. [English monarch; -ial.] to the heir by blood.

(genit. azonos)=an axis, and Lat. fem. pl. adj.suff. Monarchical.

(6) Limited monarchy: (LIMITED, f (3).]

-idæ.] mo-nar-chi-an, a. & 8. (Lat. monarchia; Gr. mõn-ar-da, 8. [Named after Nicolas Monardez, Zool.: A sub-order of Silicispongiæ, distinguished monarchia-monarchy; Eng. suff. -an.]

a physician of Seville, in the sixteenth century.] by the presence of uni-axial, and the absenco of toA. As adjective:

Bot.: The typical genus of the menthaceous tribe tractinellid and hexactinellid spicules. Schmidt

Monardew. The leaves of Monarda didyma, an divides the sub-order into five families: Renierinæ. 1. Ord. Lang.: Of or belonging to monarchy.

American species, are used for tea. [OSWEGO-TEA.) Desmacidinæ, Suberitidina, Chalinopsiding, and 2. Church Hist.: Of or belonging to the sect do. Its flowers are a brilliant scarlet. Monarda fistu. Chalin . scribed under B.

losa, an American herb with a sweet scent, is a m o-na-zite, 8. [Greek monaző=to bo solitary; B. As substantive:

febrifugo; M. punctata yields a kind of camphor. suff. -ite (Min.).] Church Hist. (pl.): The followers of Praxeas, a monarda-camphor, 8.

Min.: À raré mineral, occurring only in isolated celebrated man and confessor who lived at Rome in Chem..CHO. The camphor or stearoptene of crystals. Crystallization, monoclinic.Hardness, the second century. Ho rejected the distinction of three Persons in the Divine Essence, and according which melt at 48, and resolidify at 38. Monarda punctata. It forms shining crystals. 5-5-5; specific gravity, 4'9-5 28; luster, somewhat

resinous; color, various shades of brown to brownto Tertullian (Liber contra Praxeam) contended

ish-yellow; transparent to opaque; brittle. Comfor the monarchy of God. Christ was regarded as monarda-oll, 8.

position: A phosphate of cerium and lanthanum; the Son of God, to whom the Father so joined him. Chem.: (

CH4)20. The essential oil of Monarda with sometimes thorium and didymium. Occurs in self as to bo crucified along with the Son, whence punctata. It is a yellowish-red liquid, having an the Ilmen Mountains, Orenburg, in granite; and at the Monarchians were called also Patripassians odor of thyme, boiling at 224°, and easily acquiring various localities in the United States. Also in (q.v.).

The condici

easily acquiring various localities in the Unitod States. Also in

some gold washings. boll, boy; póut, Jówl; cat, çell, chorus, chin, bench; go, gem; thin, this; sin, aş; expect, Xenophon, exist. ph = f.




[ocr errors]

Chemistry. CHOH..... direct combination

mo-năz'-It-610, s. [Eng. monazite, and Gr. eidos the countries included in the convention. The money-counts, 8. pl. =form.]

“Scandinavian Monetary Convention," dates from Eng. Law: Certain concise forms of counts to be Min.: A mineral resembling monazite in crystal. 1873, and includes Norway, Sweden, and Denmark. used in suing for a money debt arising from a simple lization and external characters. Hardness, 5; spe

. monetary-unit, 8. The standard of currency; contract. cific gravity, 5281; color, brown. Composition

money-cowrv. 8. (according to Hermann): Phosphoric acid. 17.94: as, dollars in the United States, Mexico, and protoxide of cerium, 49-35; protoxide of lanthanum, Canada, francs in France, pounds in England, &c.

20ől., &c.: Cypræa moneta. It is a native of 21:30; lime, 1.50; water, 1:36; tantalum (?), 6:27; and *moneth, s. (Montu.]

the Asiatic Archipelago and the Pacific Islands, traces of magnesia and sesquioxide of iron. Found

specially of the Philippine and Maldive Islands,

mõn-ē-thğı, a. (Pref. mon-, and Eng. ethyl.) in the Ilmen Mountains, Orenburg.

constituting the chief article of export from the

Chem.: A term applied to any organic compound latter group. They are used as currency throughMon'-day, *Mon-en-day, *Mone-day, 8. A.S. in which one atom of hydrogen is replaced by one out India and other parts of Southern Asia, and in mónan dæg=the day of the moon: mónan (genit. i molecule of ethyl.

Africa, spreading probably from the former to the of mona)=the moon, and dæg=day.] The second

latter continent at a remote period of antiquity. day of the week.

monethyl glycol-ether, 8.

Cowries constitute part also of the Indian circulamonde, 8. [Fr.=world, from Lat. mundus.] A

CH2:0°C2H5. Om

tion The number given for a pice varies. Herklots globe used as an ensign of royalty; a mound.


One of the ethylene stated the number at from eighty to a hundred. | The beau monde : [BEAU-MONDE.]

ethyl ethers formed by the direct combination of money-dropper, subst. A sharper who scrapes mo-nē-cian, mo-nē-cious, adj. [MONECIAN, ethylene oxide and othylic alcohol. It is an agree

acquaintance with a dupe by asking him about a MONECIOUS.]

piece of money which he pretends to have just able-smelling liquid, boiling at 127. mõn-ěm-brý-ar-ý, adj. [Greek monos=alone, mo-nē -tite, s. [After the Island of Moneta,

picked up, and thus gains his confidence and com

ta, panionship. single, and embryon=an embryo (q. v.).] Having a Greater Antilles, where found; suff. -ite (Min.).) single embryo.

Min.: A mineral originating in a deposit of bird. money-grubber, 8. An avaricious or rapacious

guano. Crystallization, triclinic. Hardness, 35; person. mõn -ēr-a, 8. pl. [MONERON.]

specific gravity, 2.75; luster, vitreous; color, pale money-land, s. mõn'-ēr-al, a. [Mod. Lat. moner(a); Eng. adj. yellowish-white; fracture, uneven; semi-transpar. Law : suff. -al.) Belonging to or having the characteris, ent. Composition: Phosphoric acid, 52-20; lime, 1. Land articled or devised to be sold and turned tics of Monera. [MONERON.]

41:18; water, 6'62, yielding the chemical formula into money, which in equity is reputed as money..

2Ca0,1,0,P205. Occurs in isolated patches and 2. Money articled or bequeathed to be invested in "To give a kind of general stability to the little mon.

irregular seams in gypsum. eral organisms."-Prof. T. R. Jones, in Cassell's Nat. Hist.,

land, which in equity has many of the qualities vi. 847.

mon-ět-i-zā-tion, s. [Eng. monetizle); -ation.) of real estate. mõn'-ēr-on (pl. mõn'-ēr-a), s. [Monas.] The act of monetizing; the act of giving a standard money-lender, subst. One who lends money on Biology & Zoology: value to in the coinage of a country.

interest. 1. Any individual of Haeckel's Protistic class _mon'-t-ize, v. t. (Lat. moneta=money; -ize.] money-making, s. & a. Monera. [2.]

To give a standard value to in the coinage of a A. As subst.: The act or process of making or “This wonderful moneron lives in the deepest parts of country; to form into coin.

accumulating money or wealth. the sea."--Haeckel: Evolution of Man, ii. 49.

mon-ey, *mon-eie, *mon-y (pl. mon-eyş, B. As adj.: Profitable, lucrative; as, a money2. (Pl.): The first class of Haeckel's sub-king- mon-ieş), 8. [O. Fr. moneie (Fr. monnaie), from making business. dom Protista (q. v.). It is divided into three Lat. monetara mint, money; Sp. moneda, Port. money-market, 8. The market or field for the orders. Lobomonera, Rhizomonera, and Tachymon- moeda: ltal. moneta.l MINT. 8.1

investment or employment of money. era, and he describes the individuals as " organisms

1. Coin; gold, silver, or other metal stamped by without organs" (Organismen ohne Organe). The public authority, and used as the medium of ex- the relationship of debtor and creditor; a matter

money-matter, s. A matter or affair involving entire body, in its fully-developed condition, con change; stamped metal which may be given or or affair in which money is concerned; finances. siste merely of a small piece of structureless plasma taken in exchange for goods or commodities. or primitive slime (Urschleim), not differentiated

(Generally in plural.)

2. The standard by which the value of all other into protoplasm and nucleus. Movement is effected commodities is measured; the medium by which

“What if you and I, Nick, should inquire how mon-yby means of lobed, filiform, or flagellate pseudo- they are exchanged, bearing certain marks by which mu

matters stand between us!"-Arbuthnot: Hist. of John pods. Reproduction asexual. Marine and also it is recognized; an equivalent for commodities; a

Bull. parasitic. (E. Haeckel: Das Protistenreich, p. 86.) circulating medium. Bank-notes, letters of credit. money-monger, 8. A dealer in money; a usurer.

mon-ěr'-u-lą, 8. [Mod. Lat. dimin. of moneron bills, notes of band, &c., all representing coin, are money-mongering. 8. Usury.
(q. v.).
money, as paper money. Essentially money is a

money-order, 8. An order for a sum of money, Biol.: A simple protoplasmic body in which no ticket or order entitling the holder to receive a quantity of any commodity or other service equal 6

granted at one post-office upon payment of the sum true nucleus is to be found.

in value to the amount indicated on the face of the "We shall call this simplest (non-nucleated) stage t

and a small commission, and payable at another on

sight. Monerula." Haeckel: Evolution of Man, i. 179.

order. Money is mentioned as a medium of commo-nē -sēş, subst. [From Gr. monos=alone. So

merce in Genesis xxiii., 1860 B, C., when Abraham *money-sack, 8. A purse.

purchased a field as a sepulcher for Sarah. The money-scrivener, 8. A money-broker, a moneynamed from the solitary flowers and combined pet

coinage of money is ascribed to the Lydians. lender, a usurer. als. (Hooker & Arnott.)]

Moneta was the name given to their silver by the Bot.: Formerly regarded as a genus of Ericaces. Romans, it having been coined in the temple of

"Suppose a young unexperienced man in the hands of Sir Joseph Hooker reduces it to a sub-genus of Juno-Moneta, 269 B. C. Money was made of differ mills, if they get hold of a man's finger, they will pull in

money-scriveners, such fellows are like your wire-drawing Pyrola, thus defined: “Elower solitary, petals ent metals, and even of leather and other articles. his whole body at last."- Arbuthnot: Hist. of John Bull. slightly adherent at the base, spreading anther cells both in ancient and modern times. It was made of with tubular tips, stigmatic lobes long, valves of

money-spider, mone: -cpinner, 8. pasteboard by the Hollanders so late as 1574. capsule free." Moneses grandiflora is now called 3. Wealth.

Zool.: A small spider, Aranea scenica, popularly Pyrola uniflora.

"Get money; still get money, boys;

supposed to prognosticate good fortune, especially mo-nē'-si-a, subst. [A Spanish American word.]

No matter by what means."

in money matters, to the person over whom it (See the compound.)

Ben Jonson: Every Man in His Humor, ii. 3.

crawls. monesia-bark, 8.

4. A denomination or designation of value, whether money-taker, s. A person deputed to receive Botany: A kind of astringent bark said to belong

hon represented in the coinage or not; as, the weights payments of money; as a door-keeper at a place of * and moneys of a country.

entertainment, &c., who receives the money for to one of the Sapotace&. It comes from South a ura 5. Money's worth. (Slang.)

admission; a cash-clerk in a retail establishment. America.

(1) Ready money: Money paid at the time a money's-worth, 8. mõn:-ěs-in, 8. [Mod. Lat. mones(ia); -in.) transaction is made.

1. Something valuable; something which will Chemistry: A compound resembling saponin, ex- (2) To make money: To gain, procure, or earn

bring money. tracted from the bark of Chrysophyllum glycy- wealth; to be in the way of becoming wealthy.

2. The worth of a thing in money; full value. phæum.

*(3) To take eggs for money: To be easily duped. *mon -ěste, v. t. [MONISH.] To warn, to admon(Shakesp.: Winter's Tale, i. 2.)

*mon'-eỹ, v. t. [Money, s.) To furnish with

Obvious compounds: Money-box, money-dealer, money. ish. money-lending, &c.

mon-ey-age (age as Ig), s. [Eng. money; -age.) “Therfore we usen message for Crist as if God mon. estith bi us, we bisechen for Crist be ghe recounceilid to money-bag, 8. A bag of money; a large purse. 1. Eng. History: A general land-tax levied by the God."-Wycliffe: 2 Corinthians v.

"Compelled first to deliver their money-bags, and then first two Norman kings, to induce the king uot to mon'-e-tar-ý, a. (Lat. moneta=money (q. v.); to drink King James' health in brandy."-Macaulay: use his prerogative in debasing the coin. Fr. monétaire.] Of or pertaining to money; conHist. Eng., ch. xix.

" Moneyage was also a general land-tar of the same sisting of money.

money-bill, 8.

nature, levied by the two first Norman kings, and abol

ished by the charter of Henry I."--Hume: Hist. Bng. monetary-convention,8. There are two groups English Law: A bill in Parliament for granting App. 2. of European nations, between whose members an aids and supplies to the Crown. Money-bills must

2. The right of minting or coining money; mint

T agreement has been entered into for the regulation originate in the House of Commons, and are rarely of their coinage. They are called the “Latin Mon- altered in the House of Lords, except by verbal age. etary Convention," and the "Scandinavian Mone- alterations, which do not affect the sense.

mon-eỹed, mon'-led, a. (Eng. money; ed.) tary Convention." The former includes France, money-bound. a. A term applied to passengers 1. Rich in money; having money; rich, wealtby. Belgium, Italy, and Switzerland, the agreement hav- detained on board a vessel till a remittance arrives "The moneyed interest was almost entirely Whig." ing been made in December, 1865, in virtue of which to enable them to pay their passage-money. (Ham. Maoaulay: Hist. Eng., ch. XXl. the coinages of those countries are of the same ersten weight and fineness, Greece subsequently joined

2. Consisting of money; in the form of money; as, the convention, and assimilated her drachma to the money-broker, 8. A dealer in money; a money. monered capital. franc. Spain, Austria and Hungary, Finland, Rou- changer.

mon'-eỹ-ēr, *mon-1-our, 8. [Eng, money; -er; mania, Servia, Bulgaria, and Monaco have also money-changer, 8. One who deals in money. Fr. monnayeur; Sp. monedero; Port. moedeiro: coined large amounts of either or both gold and "Jesus went into the temple ... and overthrew the Ital. monetiere.] silver into money, of weight, fineness, and value, tables of the money-changers, and the seats of them that 1. A banker; one who deals in money. exactly proportionate to, or identical with, that of sold doves."— Mark xi. 15.

2. A duly authorized coiner of money. fāte, făt, färe, amidst, whãt, fâll, father; wē, wět, hëre, camel, hēr, thêre; pine, pit, sire, sir, marine; gó, pot,

« ZurückWeiter »