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or spille, Spain. 2. Church at Kurte-Ardshish, Turkey. 3. Court of the Lions in the Alhambra, near Granada, Spain. 4. Cathedral of St. Basti, Alcazare details in church at Kurte-Ardshish, Turkey. 7. Mosque of the Sultan Bajazet, Constantinople. 9. Court of the Lions (perspective), Alhambra.

Alcazar et Serie

Decorative details




molst'-en-ēr (t silent), s. (Eng. moisten; -er.) seriousness by Scheuchzer as "Homo diluvii testis," 2. Building: A frame to give shape to a structure, One who or that which moistens.

was found in one bed. Camper discovered its rep- as in the building of houses in concrete, béton, clay, *m ist'-f01. a.

cement, &c. Eng moist : -ful(2).] Moist. wet. tihan character, and Cuvier recognized it as a

salamander. Other fossils are the fossil-fox of 3. Founding: Molds for casting are of several *moist-I-fy, v. t. (Eng. moist; i connective, and Eningen (Galecynus æningensis), Mastodon tap- kinds: (1) Open molds into which the metal is buff..fy.) To moisten.

iroides, a fish of the genus Leuciscus, 814 species of poured, the upper surface of the fluid metal assum. “Scotland, my auld, respected Mither;

insects, with many plant remains, including Liq. ing the horizontal position. Such are ingots and Tho' whyles ye moistuy your leather."

uidambar, Cinnamomum, and various Protea. some other objects. (2) Close molds of metal or Burns: Postscript to Earnest Cry. ceä(?), &c.

plaster of Paris, with ingates by which the inolten moist-lēss, *moyst-les, a. (Eng. moist; -less.) (2) The Middle or Marine Miocene Molasse, cor metal enters. Such are the molds for inkstands, Free from moisture, dampness, or wet; dry. responding in age to the Faluns of Touraine. It cannon balls, bullets, type, and various other arti.

cles made of lead, tin, zinc, and their alloys, which moist'-nēss, *moyst-nes, subst. (Eng. moist;

contains a Dryopithecus. -ness.] The quality or state of being moist, damp,

(3) The Lower Molasse of Switzerland (Aqui- fuse at a moderate heat. (3) Close molds of sand,

tanian). Most of the beds are fresh-water. More in which articles of iron, brass, bronze, &c., are cast. or humid; dampness, humidity.

than 500 species of plants have been found, includ. This is the ordinary foundry work, and includes "Pleasure both kinds take in the moistness and density of the air."- Bacon: Natural History.

ing Ficus populina. the palm genera, Flabellaria machinery, stoves, ordnance, and the multitude of and Phæniciter, the pine genus Sequoia, &c.

articles of domestic and agricultural hardware. *moist-rý, 8. [Eng, moist ; -ry.] Moisture. mo-lăs'-sěş, *mo-los'-sěş, s. [Port. melaco=

4. Gold-beating: The package of goldbeater's "Generally fruitful, though little moistry be used

skin in which gold-leaf is placed for the third beat. molasses, from Lat. mellaceus = made with honey, ing. It is first enveloped in vellum, 150 leaves, with thereon."-Fuller: Worthies, ii. 278.

from mel=honey: Sp. melaza.] moist-ure, * moyst-er, subst. [O. Fr. moisteur,

interposed ribbons of gold, one inch square, formFood: The brown uncrystallizable syrup obtained

ing a kutch. The pieces, spreading to the size of moistour; Fr. moiteur.) in the refining of sugar. Molasses consists, on the

the vellum, are cut into four pieces and interleaved 1. That which gives the quality or property of average, of 20 per cent. water, 36 per cent. crystal. with

with goldbeater's skin: 600 pieces and their skin being moist or damp; damp, wetness, humidity, lizable sugar, 36 per cent. inverted sugar, 5 per cent.

form a shoder, for the second beating. Being again moistness. organic acids and extractive, and 3 per cent. min.

divided into four pieces, they are again interleaved “What comes from you is but a moisture drawne from eral matter.

with goldbeater's skin: making 2,400. These are the earth, which cathers into a cloud, and falls backe mõid (1) mõuld (1). *molde (1), s. (A.S. molde divided into three packages of 800 each, called apon the earth."--Bacon: Henry VII., p. 60.

dust, earth, country : cogn, with Dut. mul=dust, molds, and receive the third beating. *2. A liquid.

dirt; Icel. mold = mold, earth; Dan. muld; Sw. 5. Paper-making: Hand-made paper is made by a "Did he not dash the untasted moisture from him!mull (for muld): Goth. mulda = dust; Ger. mull; mold and deckle (q. y.). The mold is an open,

Addison: Cato. (Todd.) Prov. Ger. moit. From the same root as MEAL square frame with a wire-cloth bottom, and a little *m ist'-ure, *moyst-ure, v. t. [MOISTURE, s.) (9. V.).]

larger all round than the required sheet of paper. To moisten, to wet.

I. Ordinary Language:

6. Plastering: A thin board cut to a pattern and moist'-ure-lěss, a. (Eng. moisture; -less.] Free 1. Earth, clay.

used in forming cornices, &c.

7. Shipbuild.: A full-sized pattern of the same from moisture, moistness, or damp; dry.

*2. The earth.

figure and dimensions as the molding side of the

“So riche a chambre ... ne saw thay nevere on piece which it represents. The mold may be of *mbist-$, *moist-ie, *moyst-ye, adj. (Eng.


Sir Ferumbras, 1,323. moist : -y.)

skeleton form, and may serve for several frames. It 1. New, fresh.

3. Fine soft earth, easily pulverized.

is usually a thin plank cut to the form of a ship2. Moist, wet, full of moisture.

4. The matter or material of which anything is timber, and serving as a templet for scribing the m61-thér. moy-thér. v. i. & t. (Etym. doubt. formed; component substance; composition. timbers for the workmen who saw, hew, and adze ful.] (Prov. Eng.)

“Rather shun than seek the fellowship

them into shape.

Of kindred mold."--Wordsrorth: Ecoursion, bk. vi. A. Intrans.: To labor or toil hard.

mold-blacking machine, subst. A machine by 5. Iron mold.

which a loam-mold is blacked to give it a thin carB. Transitive:

II. Technically:

bonaceous surface: the solution is known as black1. To spend in labor. 2. To muddle, to confuse, to distract.

1. Bot.: The name given to any thread-like fungal wash, and is usually put on by a hand-brush.

whether belonging to the Hyphomycetes or the mold-board, s. *mõk-a-dor, *mock-a-dour, 8. [Sp. mocador, Physomycetes, which are found on bread, ink, gum, Founding: A board on which the pattern lies from Lat. mucus=mucus; Fr. mouchoir.] A hand. &c.

while being rammed; a follow-board (q. v.). kerchief, a bib.

“The malt made in summer is apt to contract mold."mo -kah, 8. (Turk.] The title of a doctor of law Mortimer: Husbandry.

mold-candle, s. A candle formed in a mold. in Turkey.

| Brown, blue, or green mold is Penicillium glau mold-cistern, 8. mõke (1), subst. [Etym. doubtful.] A mesh of a cum; another green mold is Mucor mucedo. 2. Geol.: Vegetable soil consisting of the surface

Sugar-making :. net.

1. The vat which receives the drippings from the stratum, whether of clay, gravel, sand, or rock, dismoke (2), 8. [Perhaps connected with Icel. móka integrated by atmospheric influences and modified


2. A tank in which the molds are soaked after =to doze; mok=dozing. A donkey. (Slang.)

by the plants, first of lower, and then of higher be “The one who rides from market on a moke." -Thackorganization, and by the animals which reside upon eray: Netcomes, ch. XXX.

or pass over its surface. Of all these animals the mold-facing, 8. *mök -. a. Cf. Icel. mökkr a dense cloud: most potent in action is the earthworm, which casting: A fine powder showered upon a pattern mokkrira cloud or mist.] Muggy, dark, murky: as, effects changes on the surface of the earth second before covering the latter with loam, and intended moky weather.

only to those produced by polypes on that of the to increase the smoothness of the face of the cast. mo-lar (1), *mo-lare, a. & s. (Latin molaris=

deep. EARTHWORM) (See also Darwin: Vege- ing.

table Mold and Earthworms.) pertaining to a mill; molara mill; molo=to grind.]

mold-loft, 8. A large room in a shipbuilding mold-board, s. Acurved plate extending behind yard, in which the several parts of a ship are drawn A. As adj.: Having power to grind; intended for the share, for overturning the furrow-slice. Plows out in their proper dimensions from the construc. grinding

are called right or left, according to the direction tion drawings. “Persons, who wanting their molare teeth must make in which the furrow-slice is laid. Double mold. ase of their gums for grinders."-Fuller: Worthies; Ches.

board plows are those in which the breast is formed mold-stone, 8. hire.

by two mold-boards meeting at an acute angle in Arch.: The jamb-stone of a door or window. B. As substantive:

front of the sheth, and turning the soil equally inm old-turner, 8. A maker of metal frames or Anatomy (pl.): each direction.

shapes. (1) Human: The grinding teeth or grindar

ers: mold (2), mõuld (2), *molde (2), 8. [The d is exThey are twelve in number, and arranged behind

*möld (3), 8. [MOLE (1), s.) A mark, a spot. crescent, from 0. Fr. modle, molle, mole (Fr. moule). the bicuspid teeth, three on each side above and from Lat. modulum, acc. of modulus=a measure, a

“A little purple mola, below. They have a large crown, and the grinding

That like a rose her silken leaves did faire unfold." standard.) (MODEL, MODULE.] surface is very wide. There is a gradation in their

Spenser: F. Q., VI. xii. 7. size, the first being the largest and the third the

I. Ordinary Language:

mõld (1), mõuld (1), v. t. & i. (MOLD (1), s.] smallest.

1. Literally: (2) Compar.: The teeth in mammals which are

A. Transitive:

(1) The matrix in which anything is cast. not preceded by a milk set.

1. To cover with mold.

“The liquor ore he drained molar-glands,

Into fit molds prepared.” Milton: P. L., xi. 571. ,2. To cause to become moldy; as, Damp molds

cheese. A . Two or three clands between the mag. (2) A general term for patterns to work by, where *R Intransitive: To contract mold: to become seter and buccinator muscles, and openi

the outline of the thing to be made has to be

adapted to that of the pattern; also applied to vari. separate ducts near the last molar tooth.

moldy. mo-lar (2), a. (Lat. moles=a mass; Eng. adj.

ous torts containing cavities either for casting in, mõld (2), mõuld (2), v. t. (MOLD (2), s.] suff. -ar.] Of or pertaining to a mass or body as a beating or pressure.

as a bullet mold, or for producing various forms by 1. To make or form into a particular shape; to



(3) a mold candle (q mö-lär -ēş, 8. pl. (MOLAR.] (4) Athing molded.

"Moulded they seemed for kings of giant race."

Scott: Don Roderick, xiv. mồ-lănge , 8. [Fr., from molesoft.]

“ Think you this mold of hopes and fears
Could find no statelier than his peers!"

2. To knead, as bread. Geol.: A soft, coherent, greenish sandstone, occu.

Tennyson: Tro Voices, mõld-a-ble, adj. [Eng. mold (2), v. ; -able.] pying the country between the Alps and the Jura. Part of it is Miocene, and part Oligocene. It has

2. Fig.: Cast, form, shape, character.

Able to be molded ; capable of being molded. been divided into:

“What creatures there inhabit, of what mold,

“The differences of figurable and not figurable, mould. (1) An Upper Miocene freshwater Molasse, found Or substance, how endued, and what their power."

able and not mouldable, are plebeian notions."-Bacon: at (Eningen, and consisting of a series of sand

Milton: P, L., ii. 355. Nat. Hist., 846. stones, marls, and limestones, some of them thickly 11. Technically:

mõl-da-vite, subst. (From Moldawa, Hungary; laminated. The strata seem to have been depos- 1. Anat.: A fontanel or space occupied by a car. suff. -ite (Min.).] ited in a freshwater lake holding carbonate of lime tilaginous membrane situated at the angles of the Min.: A name given to the bottle-green mineral in solution. The great salamander, at first mis. bones which form the skull in a human fætus and formerly referred to obsidian (9. v.). It is now taken for human remains, and described in sober a new-born child.

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mold -5r, m5uld -3r, a. [Eng. mold (2), T.; -er.] One who molds j spec, one who is employed in making castings in a foundry.

"The making of the mould from the model ... Is ■Imply the work of any moulder or nkilled plasterer."— CosseWa Technical Educator, pt. x., p. 205.

molder's-clamp, s.

Founding: A frame by which the parts of a flask are tightly secured together, ready for the pouring of the metal into the mold.

molder'B-flask, s.

Founding: The framo containing the mold in which metal is poured in casting.

molder's-table, a.

Founding: A bench at which a workman stands in molding small objects.

mold -Sr. m6uld -Sr, V. i. & t. [A frequent, from mold (1), v.]

A. Intransitive:

I. Lit.: To be turned to dust by natural decay ; to perish in duet; to crumble.

'Thou shalt not moulder undeplored."

Coicper: Death of Damon.

II. Figuratively:

1. To perish; to waste away gradually.

"When this fiery mass . . . shall moulder, cold and low." Byron: Chitde Harold, iii. 27.

2. To diminish gradually.

"Finding his congregation moulder every Sunday, and hearing what waa the occasion of it, he resolved to give hid parish a little Latin in his turn."—Addison; Spectator, No. 22.

B. Trans.: To turn to dust.

"The natural histories of Switzerland talk of the fall of those rocks when their foundations have been mouldered with age."—Addison: On Italy.

m61d -5r-y\ a. [Eng. molder, v.; -#.] Of the nature of or resembling mold.

m61d -i-iisbb, mould -I-ne'sB, a. [Eng. moldy;

1. Orrf. Lang.: The quality or state of being moldy; mold ; moldy growth.

"His few Greek books a rotten chest contaln'd;
Whose covers much of mouldincss complain'd."

Dryden; Juvenal, sat. iii.

2. Bot.: Aspergillus, a genus of Fungals.

mold -Xftg. m6uld'-Ing, pr. par., a. & a. [mold (2), v.]

A. & B. Aa pr. par. & particip. adj.: (Seethe verb.)

C. Aa aubatantive:

I. Ordinary Language:

1. The act of forming or casting in a mold.

2. Anything cast or formed in or as in a mold.

II. Figuratively:

1. Arch.: A term applied to all the varieties of outline or contour given to the anglesof the various subordinate parts and features of buildings, whether projections or cavities, such as cornices, capitals, oases, door or window jambs and heads, &c. There are eight sorts of regular moldings: viz., the ovolo, the talon, tho cyma, tho cavetto, the torus, the astragal, tho scotia, and the fillet. These moldings are not to be used at hazard, each having certain situations adapted to its reception, to which it must always be applied. Thus, the ovolo and talon, from their peculiar form, seem intended to support other important moldings or members; the cyma and cavetto, being of weaker contour, should only be used for the cover or shelter of other parts; the torus and astragal, bearing a resemblance to a rope, appear calculated to bind and fortify the parts to which they are applied; the use of the fillet and scotia is to separate one molding from another, and to give a variety to the general profile. The ovolo and talou are mostly placed in situations above the level of the eye; when below it, they should only be applied as crowning members. The place for tho scotia is universally below the level of the eye. W hen tho fillot is very wido, and used under t he cyma of a cornice, it is termed a corona; if under a corona it is callod a band. The curved contours of moldings are port ions of either circles or ellipses. In Norman architecture the moldings were almost universally rounds and hollows variously combined, and frequently broken up into zigzag lines. In English architecture of the Middle Ages the moldings are bolder.

2. Joinery: A mode of ornamentation by grooved or swelling bands, or forms following the line of the object. There are numerous variet ies, aa tho bead, the astragal, tho cavetto, the echinus, the fillet, the fascia, the ovolo, the ogoe, tho cyma, the r»cta or revorsa, the quirk, tho bolection, dec. A

molding is said to be stuck on or laid on, according to whether it is made on tho edge of tho frame or on a detached Rlip.

3. Min. l The ore found on tho top of voins noar the surface of the ground.

I. Shipbuild.: Giving tho correct outline and depth to ship's timbers, Ac. It is one part of the operation of forming (q. v.).

molding-board, a. [mold-board.]


Found.: A flask in which the saud is rammed, molding-crane, a. A crano for handling molds and flasks in a foundry* moldlng-edge, a.

Shipbuild.: That edge of a ship's frame which comes in contact with the skin, and is represented in tho draft. The other edgo is the bovoiing-edge.

molding-file, a, A file with a concavity adapted to dress and finish molded surfaces. It is made by a swage, and afterward cut.

molding-frame, a.

Founding: Tho templet by which an object is shaped in loam-molding.

molding-hole, a.

Founding: Tho cavity in the floor of a foundry in which large castings are made.

moldlng-loam, a.

Founding: Tho mixture of sand and clay used in loam-molding.

molding-machine, a.

1. Plastic-work: A machine for tho manufacture of composition-molding.

2. Sheet-metal Working: A kind of rollingmachine for molding Bheet-metal to shapo for cornices, balusters, and other purposes. It consists of a pair of rollers of counterpart form, between which tho sheet of metal is passed to givo it tho required outline.

molding-mill, s. A planing-mill for shaping timber.

molding-planes, s. pi. Joiners' planes for making moldings, and having various patterns, or concave and convex soles to form parts of moldings; such as hollows and rounds. Match-planes.

molding-plow, a. A plow with two mold-boards to throw the soil right and left; a ridging-plow.

molding-sand, s. A mixture of sand and loam for making molds for casting.

molding-saw, s. One or a number of circular saws for blocking out strips for ornamental moldings. The strips are fod repeatedly to tho saw at different angles, and the general outline of the desired molding approximated. The work is generally completed by revolving planes.

mold-warp, *m61d'-werp, *mould-warp, s.

[Mid. Eug. mold. tti«/de=mold, earth, and werpen— to throw, to cast; hence, tho animal that casts up mold or earth ; O. Dut. mohcorp; Dut. mol= a mole; I cel. mo/drarpa = a mole.J A mole. [mole (5), I.]

"Telling me of the mnldxcarp and the ant."

Shakesp.; Henry IV., Pt. I., iii. 1.

m61d-f, m6uld-y\ a. [Eng. mold (\), s.; -y.] Covered, overgrown, or filled with mold; musty, mildewod; of the nature of or resembling mold.

"A dungeon wide and horrible, the walls
On all sides furr'd with moldy damps."
Addison; Milton's Style Imitated out uf Atntid ill.

moled), *mold, s. [A. S. mat, maal = a spot; cogn. witli Dut. maal; ow. mdl; O. H. tier, mcit; Ger. maal; Goth, mail; Lat. macula.] A spot, mark, or small permanent protuberance on the, body; spec, a dark-colored patch on tho skin, covered with hair.

"The random pencil haply hit the mole.'*

Whitehead; On Ridioule.

*m61e(2),«. [Lat. m^la (*ntea) = the (salt) cake used in sacrifices.] A cake used in sacrifices. "She with the mole all in her handes devoute Stode neare the aulter."

Surrey: VirgiVs ATncid, iv.

mole (3), s. [Lat. mola-m false conception.] Med. Juris., Physiol., <tc: A shapeless mass of fleshy substance in the uterus. Moles are of two kinds: (1) True, enveloped in a membrane, generally filled with blood, though occasionally dry. On cutting into the true mole, parts resembling an imperfect foetus will be observed. It is always the result of conception. (2) False, a term applied to tho coagula which sometimes accompany menstruation. They are not tho products of conception, nor havo the enveloping membrane or tho fleshy texture of tho true mole.


St. Angelo, Borne.

[An abbreviation of mold

m61e (4), s. [French mote=a pier, a breakwater, from Lat. molem, a ecus, of moles— a groat heap.]

1. Mar it. Eng.: (I) A jetty or structure erected before a port so as to partially incloso a harbor or anchorage, and protect it f rom tho violence of the waves in tho offing. (2) A pier of masonry; ono is described by Herodotus as circumvallating tho harbor of Samoa.

2. Rom. Antiq.: A mausoleum of peculiar form, as the Mole of Hadrian, now known as the Castle of St. Angelo, Rome.

m61e(5), *monle warp (q. v.).]

1. Zoology:

(1) Sing.: The genus Talpa, and specially Talpa europoza, the Common Mole, though the name » sometimes loosely applied to any underground burrowing mammal. The Common Mole is about six inches in length (including the tail, rather more than an inch); the body cylindrical, muzzle long and pointed, eyes minute; no ear conches; the forefeet broad and fossorial, hind-feet long and narrow. Fur, black, soft, and velvety, with grayish tinge: but lighter shades often occur, and pure white individuals have been observed. The normal food of the mole is the earthworm. It is very voracious, and no kind of flesh seems to come amiss to it, but it will not touch vegetables. It takes readily to the water. Geographical range, from England to Japan. [golden-mole, Talpa, Wateb-mole.]

(2) PI.: Tho family Talpid» (o. v.).

2. Husbandry: A cylindrical ping of iron three or four iuches in diameter, and with a sharp point, drawn or driven through tho subsoil to make a drain.


Zodl.: A tailed amphibian (Amblystoma talpoidea), family Amblystomidse, from the islands on tho coast of South Carolina.

mole-but, s.

Ichthy.: A popular name for Orfhagoristcus mola, the Short Sun-fish. They generally appear floating on one side, presenting the broad surface of the other to view. ( Yarrell.)

mole-cast, s. The mold thrown up by a mole; a mole-hill.

"In spring let the mule-casts be t*prea«). because they hinder the mowers."—Mortimer: ti indry.

[blocks in formation]

mole-cricket, s.

Entom.: Any individual of the genus Gryllotalpa (q. v.), especially Gryllotalpa vulgaris, which may bo taken as a type. It is about an inch and a half long, dark brown in color. In the fore legs there is a strong analogy with tho moles, the tibia* (the parts employed in digging) being flattened transversely to tho axis of the body,and terminated by four hnger-like processes. Lands infested by the mole-cricket aro recognizable by the color of the vegetation which is yellow and withered, from the roots being eaten off by the insect in its borrowing operations—not for food, as its diet is chieflyunderground insects and worms. It flies occasionally in the oveniug, and its stridulatiou produces a note somewhat like that of the Goat-sucker. Thelarv*. when first hatched, are white, and they are said tobe three years in arriving at maturity.

mole-eyed, a. Having very small eyes; having imperfect vision.

mole-hill, 8. A little hill or hillock of i thrown up by a mole when burrowing underground; hencot figuratively used for any very small hill, or anything of very slight importance as compared with something iarger or more important.

To make a mountain out of a mole-hill: To exaggerate some very trifling matter.

mole-hole, a. The burrow of a mole.

mole-plOW, s. The mole-plow has a pointed iron shoe, which is attached to the end of a standard and drawn along underground, making a track like

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that of a mole, establishing a dnct to lead water from the subsoil, pressing tiie <earth away without disturbing the But face.

mole-rat, s.


1. Sing.: Spalax typhlus, a mouse-like rodent, found in the southeast of Europe, ranging eastward into Asia. The eyes are rudimentary and covered with skin, so that the animal is quite blind: the tail is also rudimoutary. The toea aro furnished with powerful claws, which the animals use in excavating their burrows. Color, yellowish-brown, tinged with ashy-gray, tho lower surface with white streaks and spots.

2- PL: The family Spalacidre (q. v.).


ZoOl.: Urotrichus, a genus of Desmans (Mycgalidre). Tho Hairy-tailed Mole-shrew {IJrotrichus falpoides) is found in Japan, and Gibbs' Mole-shrow (£7. gibbsii) in North America.

mole-track, ft. The course of a mole underground.

"The pot-trap is a deep earthen vessel set In the ground, with the brim even with the bottom of the moletrack*."—Mortimer: Husbandry,

mole-tree, s.

Botany: A popular name for the Caper-spurge (Euphorbia lathyris). mole-warp, s. [moldwarp.j m61e, v. t. [mole (5),«.]

1. To clear of moles or mole-hills.

2. To burrow in; to form holes in, as a mole.

md-lec'-u-lar, a. [Eng. molecul(e); -ar.] Of or pertaining to molecules; consisting of molecules.

"The spectra of these variously constituted molecules are very definite, and, for the same degree of molecular complexity, have a strange family likeness to each other." —London Times.

IT The solid, the liquid, and the gaseous states are considered to be molecular states of bodies.

molecular-attraction, *.

Physics: An attraction tending to draw together molecules of the same body. It is exerted only at infinitely small distances, and produces cohesion, affinity, or adhesion.

molecular-combination, s.

Chem.: The combination of molecules without the alteration of the active atomicity of any of their constituent*^ Water of crystallization contained in any salt is a combination of this nature.


Physics: Certain attractions and repulsions which keep molecules of matter together without touching each other.

molecular-formula, t.

Chem.: A formula in which tho atomic composition of a molecule is expressed, without reference to tho manner in which tho elements are combined with each other: thus tho molecular-formula of ferric hydrate is FcgHflOs. [formula.]

molecular-motion, s.

Physics: Motion seen to take place when extremely small particles of any substance immersed in water, or other liquid, are examined under the microscope. It is on account of molecular-motion in small particles of mud in a turbid pond that the water is so long in becoming clear.

molecular-quantities, s.pZ.

Chem.: Quantities taken in tho proportion of their molecular weights.


Chem.: The relative volume which molecular quantities occupy. It is found by dividing the molecular weight by the specific gravity.

molecular-weight, s.

Chem.: Tho weight of the smallest particle of a compound which can exist. It is found by adding together tho weights of all the atoms of the several elements which have united to form tho molecules of the compound body. Tho molecular weight of acetic acid, C'jH4O2=60.

m5-lec-U-lar'-I-ty\ s. [Eng. molecular; -ity.] Tho quality or state of being molecular or consisting of molecules.

m5l -S-Ctlle, *. [Fr., from Lat. moles—a mass.] Chem.: Tho smallest quantity of an element or compound which is capable of soparato existence, or which can exist in the free or uncombined state.

"I could n<v»r see the difference between the antiquated system of atoms and Button's organic molecules." Foley: Natural Theology, ch. xxii.

md-len-dl na-cooub (ce as sh), m5l Sn-dlnKr -I-0U8, a. [L&t.molendinarius, from molendinum=a mill-house, from mo/a—a mill.J

Bot.: Having many wings projecting from a convex surface, as the fruit of some umbelliferous plants, and of moringa. Called also Mill-sail shaped.

mole -skin, s. &a. [From its being soft, likethe skiu of a mole.]

A. As substantive:

Fabric: A strong cotton twilled goods for men's wear. A kind of fustian, cropped or shorn before dyeing; beaverteen.

B. As adj.: Made of the material described in A. m6-l5st', v. t, [Fr. molester, from Lat. motesto=

to annoy, from molestus= troublesome; Span, molestar; ltal. molestare.) To trouble, to disturb, to vex, to annoy, to incommode, to interfere with.

"Clarendon was informed that, while he led a quiet rural life, he should not be molested."—Macaulay: Hist. Eng., oh. xvii.

md-lest ,s. [molest, v.] Trouble.

"The country life had leant molest.1'
Greene: {From the Morning Garment), p. 309.

m&l es ta -tion, *. [French, from molester=to molest.]

1. Ora. Lang.: Tho act of molesting or disturbing ; disturbance, annoyance, interference; the state of being molested or disturbed.

"From outward molestation free."

Wordsworth: Excursion, bk. vl.

2. Scots Law: The troubling or interfering with one in tho possession of his lands. An action of molestation arises chiefly in questions of commonty or of controverted marches or boundaries.

mo-lest'-Sr, *. [Eng. molest; -cr.] One who or that which molests, disturbs, or annoys; a disturber.

"The displeaser and molester of thousands."—Milton: Church Government, bk. ii. (Pref.)

mo lest -fuT, *m&-lest -ftill, a. [Eng. molest; •/ul{l).] Causing molestation; troublesome, annoying, harassing.

"Pride . . . Is hated as molestfull afid mischievous."

Barrow: Sermons, vol. i., ser. 22.

•mfc-leat'-iS, s. [Lat. molestia, from molestus= troublesome.] Molestation, trouble.

*mO-le*St'-I-OUS, a. [Lat. molestus.'] Troublesome, annoying.

mcT-gU-la, *■ [Mod. Latin, from Qr. molgos=a, hide, a skin; probably from *melgd = to strip off.]

ZoOl.: A genus of Ascidiadre (q. v.). The body is attached or free, and moro or less globular. Tho orifices are very contractile, the oral has six and tho atrial four lobes. They aro found between tidemarks and down to a depth of twenty-live fathoms. Surfaco membranous, usually covered with extraneous substances. Five species aro recorded.

tmfi-ll -men, s. [Lat.]

Anat. dk Physiol.: Groat effort. (Used specifically of menstruation.)

"The effect of the menstrual molfmen is felt by the whole system."—Tanner; Frac. of Medicine, ii. 369.

*m6-Hm'-I-n0US, a. [Lat. molimen (gonit. molimmia) = great exertion, from molior=to toil, to exert ones self, from moles—a heap.] Massive, weighty, important, grave.

"Prophecies of Ho vast and moliminous concernment to the world."—II. More: Mystery of Godliness.

m6 -line. *. [Lat. mo(tnus=pertaining to a mill; mola=a. mill.] The crossed iron sunk in the center of the upper millstone for receiving the spindle fixed in the lower stone; a mill-rynd.


Her.: A cross so called from its resembling a millrynd in shape. It is borne both inverted and rebated, and sometimes saltire-wise or in saltire.

mS-Hn'-I-a, *. [Named after Dr. Molina who wrote in 178:2 on Chilian plants.]

Bot.: A genus of grasses, tribe Festuceap, family Bromida?. The spikelets aro nearly terete, in a slender panicle, with one to four flowers, thouppermost imperfect. The flower glumes awnless, with three very strong nerves; fruit noarly tetragonous. Known species four, from the North Temperate Zone. There are two varieties of M. cairulea—the true species and M. depauperata, tho latter sometimes mado a distinct species. M. varia is said by Endlicher to bo deleterious to cattle.

M5 -lln-Ism, s. [See def.]

Church Hist.: Tho tenets of Lewis Molina, a Spanish Jesuit, who taught in tho Portuguese monastery of Evora, and in 1588 published a book on the union of graieand free will. It gave offense to tho Dominicans and others, and a Congregation in Home was appointed to examine the work. In their third Session they, on January 16,1598, thus stated its teaching:

"(1) A reason or ground of God*H predestination is to be found in man's right use of his free will. VI) That the grace which God bestows to enable men to persevere in religion may become the gift of perseverance, it is

necessary that they be foreseen as consenting and cooperating with the divine assurance offered them, whichv is a thing within their power. (3) There is a mediateprescience which is neither the free nor the natural knowledge of God, and by which He knows future contingent events before He forms His decuee."

Frequent conferences subsequently took place between the Jesuits and tho Dominicans on the disputed points. These meetings were called Congregations on the Aids, i. e., on the aids of divine grace.

M5 -lln-Ist, s. [See def.]

Church History (pi.): Tho followers of Lewis Molina. [molinism.]

mol -lah, 8. [Turk.] An honorary title given to any Mohammedan who has acquired consideration by the purity of his life, or who holds some post relating to worship or the application of the* principles of the Koran.

mdl -le, s. [Latin neut. sing, of moMi*=soft.)

Music: A term applied in mediaeval music to B flat as opposed to B natural, which was called B durum. Hence, the term came to signify major and minor mode, as in the German, e. g., A dur, the key of A major; A moll, the key of A minor. Hence, too, the French formed the word beraol, a flat.

moT-lS-bart, a. [Flem. mollbaert.]

Agric.: A Flemish implement consisting of a large shovel drawn by a horse and guided by a man.

m5lle-ton,s, [Fr.] Swan-skin; a kind of woolen blanketing used by printers.

*m5l -ll-ate, v. t. [Lat. moHfe=soft.] To mak& soft or easy.

"Soon will you molliate yoor way.'*

The Poet Bantered (1702), p. 23.

mSl-TI-en-e'-sI-a, s. [Mod. Latin, from Greek molein = to go, and neso«=an island.]

Jchthy.: A genus of mud-eating Cyprinodonta from tropical America, closely allied to Pcecilia (q.v.)t but with a larger dorsal fin, of twelve or more rays. Five species are known. Tho males are beautifully colored, and their dorsal fin much enlarged. In Mollienesia hellerii, tho lower caudal rays of the mature male are prolonged into a sword-shaped, generally black and yellow, appendage.

m5l -ll-ent, a. [Lat. molliens, pr. par. of mollio = to soften; moffw=soft.] Softening, casing, assuaging, emollient.

moT-lI-ent-ly\ adv. [Eng. mollient; -ly.] In an assuaging or easing manner; so as to assuage or ease.

m5l-ll-fl-a-ble, a. [Eng. mollify; -aMc] Capable of being mollified or softened.

m5l-lI-fI-ca'-tlon, *. [Fr., from Lat. mollificatus, pa. par. of molliflco=to mollify (q. v.J; Sp. molificacion; ltal. mollificazione.]

1. The act of mollifying or softoning.

"For induration or mollification, it is to be inquired what will make metals harder and harder."—Bacon.- Fhysiological Remains.

2. Pacification, mitigation, appeasing.

"I am to hull here a little longer. Some mollification for your giant, sweet lady.*'— Shakesp.; Twelfth Night, i. 5.

m5l'-ll-fl-5r, 8. [Eng. mollify; -cr.]

1, One who or that which mollifies.

"The root hath a tender, dainty heat; which, when it cometh above ground to the sun and air, vunisheth; for it is a great mollifier."Bacon: Nat. Hist., §863.

2. One who pacifies, mitigates, or appeases, mol -ll-fy, *mol-e-fy, *mol-i-fy, v. t. & i. [Fr.

mollifier, from Lat. molliflco, from mollis—soft, and facio—to make; Sp. molificar; ltal. moUi/icare. J A. Transitive:

*1. To soften; to make soft or tender.

2. To soften, ease, or assuage, as pain.

"They have not been closed, neither bound up, neither mollified with ointment."—Jsaia/i i, 6.

3. To pacify, to appoase, to soothe, to qniot.

"Chiron mollified his cruel mind
With art." Dryden: Ovid; Art of Love, i.

4. To qualify, to temper; to lessen anything harsh or burdensome; to tone down; to moderate.

*5. To make pleasant.

"The vocal flute . . .
Crowns his delight, and mollifies the ncene."

Shenstone: The Ruined Abbey. *B. Intrans.: To become soft. m8r-ll-n<5t, s. [ft. moulinet.'] A mill of small size.

moll -Ite, s. [Named after C. E. von Moll; suff. •ite. {MinA.i

Min.: The same as Lazulite (q. v.).

m6l lit -1-es (t as ah), s. [Latin = movablenoss, flexibility .pliability,softness; from mollis^ tender, pliable, soft.]

Path.: Softening; as Mollities oMium=softening of the bones. [softening.]

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