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mod-or-ate-ly, adv. (Eng, moderate; -ly.] In *2. Common, commonplace, trite.

2. Moderation; freedom from excess, extrarıa moderate manner, degree, extent, or amount; not

"The justice,

gance, or exaggeration. excessively.

With eyes severe and beard of formal cut,

3. Chastity; purity of manners; decency; free “Therefore, love moderately: long love doth so."

Full of wise saws and modern instances."

dom from lewdness or unchastity. Shakesp.: Romeo and Juliet, ii. 1.

Shakesp.: As You Like It, ii. 7.

“Her sad eyes, still fast ned on the ground, *3. Trivial, sligbt. mod-ēr-ate-něss, s. (English moderate; -ness.)

Are governed with goodly modesty." “Alas I that were no modern consequence."

Spenser: Epithalamion. The quality or state of being moderate; modera

Ben Jonson: Poetaster, v. 3. tion, temperateness; a middle state between ex. B. As substantive: A person of modern times, as (q. v.).

, *modesty-bit, 8. The same as MODESTY-PIECE tremes.

opposed to ancient. mod-ēr-ā'-tion, s. [French, from Lat. modera. “Shall he among the ancients rise to fame,

*modesty-piece, 8. A part of a woman's dress tionem, accus, of moderatio, from moderatus, pa. Or sink with moderns to contempt and shame !" (q. V.). par. of moderor=to moderate (q. v.); Ital, modera.

Francis: Horace, bk. ii., ep. 1. “A narrow lace which runs along the upper part of the zione: Sp. moderacion.)

mod -ērn-işm, 8. [Eng. modern; -ism.]

stays before, being a part of the tucker, is called the 1. The act of moderating, tempering, restraining, 1. Deviation from the ancient and classical man.

modesty-piece."-Addison, or repressing. ner or practice; anything recently made or intro

*mo-dic-Y-tỹ, 8. [Fr, modicité, from Lat. modt.

"mo-dic-2-ty, 8: Fr. modicute; to 2. The quality or state of being moderate; a medium state between extremes; freedom from ex

duced; espec., a modern phrase, idiom, or mode of cus=moderate.] Moderation, moderateness, smallexpression,

ness, meanness. cess; temperateness, temperance, self-restraint.

"Scribblers send us over their trash in prone and verse, mod -1-cům, 8. (Lat. neut. sing. of modicus= "Let your moderation be known unto all men."-Philip.

with abominable curtailings and quaint modernisms." pians iv. 5.

moderate, from modus=measure. A small portion Swift: The Battle of the Books. *3. Equanimity, calmness of mind.

or quantity; a little; a scanty allowance; a pit *2. Modern character; modern method or way of tance. “Equally inured By moderation either state to bear, thinking or regarding matters.

“But this is sure the hand of might . Prosperous or adverse."- Milton: . L., xl. 463. mod -ērn-Ist, 8. [Eng. modern; -ist.) A sup.

Gives him & modicum of light." 4. Frugality, economy. porter or admirer of modern ways or fashions,

Cowper: The Glowworm. 5. The act of presiding over, as a moderator... “Which even his brother modernists themselves, like mod-1-f1-&-b11-1-tý, s. [Eng, modifiable; -ity.)

6. (P1.) At Oxford University: The first public ungrates, do whisper so loud."-Swift: Tale of a Tub, 89. The quality or state of being modifiable; suscepti. examination for degrees. (Generally contracted to mô-dērn-1-tý, subst. [Eng. modern; -ity.) The bility or capability of modification. Mods.)

quality or state of being modern; modern charac. “Plasticity of thought, and modifiability of opinion."Moderation in a call: The act of moderating in ter. (Walpole: Letters, iv. 297.)

Grant Allen: Fortnightly Review, Jan., 1882, p. 85. a call. (MODERATE, v. I]

mod-zrn-i-zā'-tion, 8. (English moderniz(e); mod -1-f1-a-ble, a. [Eng. modify; -able.] Capamod-ēr-at-ism, 8. (Eng. moderat(e); •ism.) -ation.) The act of modernizing; that which is ble of being modified or diversified by various forms 1. Ord. Lang.; Moderation in opinions or doc- modernized; a modernism.

and differences; susceptible of or liable to modifi. trines.

mod'-ern-ize. v. t. (English modern : -ize.1 To cation. 2. Eccles.: T inciples of the party in t

make modern ; to give a modern cast, character, or "It appears to me more difficult to conceive a distinct, Church of Scotland known as Moderates.

appearance to; to conform to inodern style, ideas, visible image in the uniform, invariable essence of God, mo-dě-raó-tö, adv. [Ital.)

fashions, or ways; to adapt to modern persons or than in variously mod irable matter."-Looke: Eran, of Music: In moderate timo; neither too quickly times.

Malebranche. nor too slowly. "A jumble ... with Latin words modernized."

mod-1-f1c-a-bll-1-tý,8. [English modificable; mod -ēr-a-tõr, 8. (Lat., from moderatus, pa. Cambridge: The Seribleriad, bk. ii.

ity.] Modifiability; capability of being modified. par. of moderor=to moderate (q. v.).]

mod:-ērn-iz-ēr, subst. (Eng. moderniz(e); -er.] One who modernizes.

mod-1-fic-a-ble, a. (MODIFICATE.) Capable I. Ordinary Language:

“No unsuccessful modernizer of the Latin satirists." - of being modified; modifiable. 1. One who or that which moderates, calms, reWakefield: Memoirs, p. 75.

*mod-If-I-cāte, v.t. (Lat. modificatus, pa. par. strains, or represses. *2. A judge.

mod -ērn-lý, adv. [English modern; -ly.] In of modifico=to modify, to qualify, from modus= “Let Moses be the moderator and judge of this dise modern times.

measure, and facio=to make.] To qualify. pute."-Raleigh: Hist. World, bk. i., ch. X., 82.

mod -ērn-ně88, 8. [Eng. modern; ness.] The “The modificated eternity of his mediatorship."- Pear. 3. One who presides at a meeting or disputation;

quality or state of being moderní recentness, son: On the Creed, art. 6. specif., the presiding officer at meetings or courts novelty.

mod-1-f1-cā'-tion, 8. [Fr., from Lat. modificaof the Presbyterian Church.

mod'-est, a. (Fr. modeste, from Lat. modestus- tionem, acc. of modificatio, from modifcatus, pa. “The President, whom all addressed by his venerable keeping within bounds, modest, from modus=a par. of modifico=to modify, to qualify: modus= title of moderator."-Brit. Quar. Review, 1857, p. 443. measure; Ital. & Sp. modesto.]

measure, and facio=to make; Sp. modificacion; 1 This sense was borrowed from the French

1. Not presumptuous, bold, or arrogant; restrained Ital. modificazione.) Huguenots.

by a senso of propriety; not forward or boastful; I. Ordinary Language:

unobtrusive, diffident, bashful, retiring. 4. A moderator-lamp (q.v.).

1. The act of modifying or of giving a new form,

“Is she not a modest young lady?". II. Technically:

Shakesp.: Much Ado about Nothing. 1.1. appearance, or character to; the state of being 1. Optics : A device, known as Rainey's, consiste ,

modified; change, alteration.

2. Indicative of or characterized by modesty in ing of an opal glass or ground glass to moderate

2. A change; an alteration made; as, to introduce the author or actor; not marked by presumption or modifications into anything. and diffuse the light passing from a lamp to an

boldness; not extreme; moderate. object on the stand of the microscope.

3. A particular form or manner of being; a mode. 2. Universities:

"Further to boast were neither true nor modest."

"Neither matter, nor any modification of matter." (1) At Oxford: An examiner for moderations

Shakesp.: Cymbeline, v. 5.

Clarke: Lett, to Mr. Dodswell. (q. v.).

3. Free from indecency or lewdness: marked by

a by II. Scots Law: A decree of the teind court award. (2) 'At Cambridge: A public officer appointed to chastity; chaste, decent.

ing a suitable stipend to the minister of a parish. superintend the examinations for degrees and “Mrs. Ford, the honest woman, the modest wife, the honors ; so called because formerly they presided yirtuous creature."-Shakesp.: Merry Wives of Windsor, mod-1-f1-cāt-ive, 8. [Eng. modificat(e); -ve.) in the exercises publicly prescribed in the schocks 1

That which modifies, or tends to modify or qualify. between undergraduate candidates for the degree

4. Moderate in amount: not excessive: medium.

“The aforesaid modificatives (almost and very nigh)." of Bachelor of Arts.

1 Diffidence is much the same as shyness, and -Fuller: Worthies, England, vol. i., ch. xxi. (3) At Dublin: The candidates for the degree of both arise from timidity. Modesty, apart from its

mod'-1-fi-cat-or-y, a. [Eng. modificat(e): ory.] Bachelor of Arts who pass out first and second in special application to women, may arise from a honors, the first being called the Senior and the proper respect for the rights of others or from a Modifying or tending to modify or qualify. second the Junior moderator. proud reserve.

"We are bound to account for the modificatory letters" 3. Presbyterianism: One who moderates in a call.

mód -ěst-1ěss. a. Eng, modest : less, 7 Wante -Max Müller: Selected Essays, L. 91. [MODERATE, V. ing in modesty.

mod-1-f1-ér, 8. [Eng. modify; -er.] One who moderator-lamp, s. A lamp for burning oil,

How faithless and how modestless."

or that which modifies. paraffine, &c., in which the oil is forced through a

Sylvester: First Day, First Week, 410.

"Sovereign maker and modifier of the universe."tube up to the wick by a piston pressing on its sur mod -ěst-ly, adv. [Eng. modest; -ly.)

Hume: Nat. Hist. of Religion, $7. face, to whicha downwardimpulse is communicated 1. In a modest manner; not boldly, arrogantly, or by a spiral spring situated between it and the top obtrusively; with due respect.

mod-1-fy, *mod-1-fie, v. t. & i. [Fr. modifier,

from Lat, modifico, from modus=measure, and facio of the barrel or body of the lamp. The flow of the

“Know then, and modestly let fall your eyes." oil is moderated, or made uniform, by an arrange

=to make; Sp: modificar; Ital. modificare.)

Cowper: Conversation, i. 485. ment inside the tube.

Quietly: without show or ostentation.

A. Transitive: mod -ēr-a-tor-ship, s. (Eng. moderator; -ship.]

"These like a deluge with impetuous force,

1. To change or alter the external qualities or The office, position, or rank of a moderator.'

Those winding modestly a silent course."

accidents of any thing; to vary, to alter; to give a mód'-er-a-trēss, mod -ēr-å-trix, 8. (English

Cowper: Retirement, 78. new form, character, force, or appearance to. moderator; -ess; Lat. moderatrix.] A'woman who 3. Not excessively or extravagantly; moderately. 2. To qualify, to moderate; to reduce in degree or moderates or governs.

4. Not loosely or wantonly; chastely, decently; quality. "The debate was closed, and referred to Mrs. Shirley with modest, becoming words.

“The modified submission which they had consented to moderatrio."-Richardson: Sir C. Grandison, vi. 387.

"She modestly prepares to let them know." mod -ērn, a.& 8. [Fr. moderne, from Lat. mod.

shakesp.: Rape of Luorece, 1,607. B. Intrans.: To extenuate, to qualify.

mod -ěs-tý, *mod-es-tie, s. [Fr. modestie, from ernus=of the present mode or fashion, modern;

"After all this discanting and modifying upon the matG: Lat, modestia, from modestus=modest; Ital. & Sp. ter." from modus= a measure; cf. modo= just now; Ital. maddestin

Estrange, & Sp. moderno.)

1. The quality or state of being modest; a sense mo-dil-110n (li as y), *mo-diglion (diglion as A. As adjective:

of propriety; freedom from arrogance, boldness, or dil-yėn), *mo-dil-lon, 8. (Fr. modillon, from 1. Belonging or pertaining to the present time or presumption: unobtrusiveness, bashfulness, diffi. Lat. modulus, dimin. of modus-a measure; Ital. time not long passed; late, recent, not ancient; not dence: bashful reserve.

modiglione.] remote in point of time.

“True modesty proceeds from & just discernment of Architecture: "For faults which modern times not strange have propriety, and is frequently connected with exalted ideas 1. An ornamental consolo beneath the corona in thought."

Stirling: Domesday; Sixth Hour of genuine merit."-Cogan: Ethical Treatise, dis. i., ch. iv. some orders. fate, făt, färe, amidst, whãtfåll, father; wē, wět, hëre, camel, nêrthêre; pine, pit, sïre, sir, marine; gó, pot,




his dialogue between the to module."

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in between the facing

2. One of the large flowers in a soffit or coved ceil. 2. The act of varying or inflecting the sound of, so 2. Music:
as to give expression to what is uttered.

(1) A scale, as Dorian mode, &c. " Architrave, frieze, cornice, triglyphs, metopes, mo- "For the various modulations of the voice, the upper (2) One of the three divisions of mensurable

nave each a use, or appearance of end of the wind-pipe is endued with several cartilages music. Modus major was the division of a maxim pse in riving firmness and union to the building." -G. and muscles." Ray On the Creation, pt. 11.

(notula maxima) into longs: modus minor the di. Berkeley: Alciphron, Dial. iii., $ 9.

*3. Modulated sound; melody.

vision of a long into breves. The modus major was mo-di-8-1a, 8. [Mod. Lat., from Lat. modiolus,

perfect when the maxim contained three longs,

“Innumerous songsters, in the freshening shade ... imperfect when it contained two. The modus minor dimin. of modius=the Roman corn measure, a peck.)

Of new-sprung leaves, their modulations mix, 1. Bot.: A genus of Malvaceæ, tribe Malveæ.

was perfect when the long contained three breves Mellifluous."

Thomson: Spring, 609. 2. Zool.: Horse-mussel; a genus of Mytilidæ : it

imperfect when it contained two. is distinguished from the edible mussel by its habit

II. Technically:

modus operandi, phr. The plan or method of of borrowing. It is found from low water to a depth 1. Arch.: The proportion of the different parts of working or operating. of 100 fathoms. The shell is oblong and inflated, an order according to modules.

modus vivendi, phr. A means or manner of but the umbones are not situated at the extremi 2. Music: ties. as they are in Mytilus (q. v.). Seventy species

living on terms of an agreement with others.

(1) Movement or graduation of sound. are known, from tropical seas.

(2) A change of key,

mod'-wall, mŭd'-wall, subst. [Eng. mud, and 3. Palæont.: One hundred and fifty fossil species | Modulation is of three kinds: (1) Diatonic, (2) wall (?).] bave been described from the Lias onward.

Chromatic, and (3) Enharmonic. The first of these Ornith.: The bee-eater. mo-di-0-lạr, a. (Lat. modiolus; Eng. adj. suff. 18

S: Eng, adi, suff. is sometimes called natural; the last two, artificial. *mod -ý, a. [Eng. mod(e) (1), s.; -y.] Fashion-ar.) Shaped like a bushel measure.

* mod-u-la-tõr, 8. (Latin, from modulatus, pa. able, modish. mo-di-1-1-form, a. (Lat. modiolus (q. V.), and teur; Ital. modulatore.) a par, of modulor=to modulate (q. v.); Fr. modula. “You make me too rich and too mody."-Richardson:

Pamela, i. 128. forma=form.)

1. Ord. Lang.: One who or that which modulates. Bot.: Shaped like the nave of a wheel; hollow, 2. Music: In the tonic sol-fa system. a sort of

*mõe, a. [Mo, MORE.) round, depressed, with a very narrow orince, as the map of musical sounds representing the relative

*mõe, 8. [Mow, s.) A grimace. fruit of Gualtheria. Called also nave-shaped.

intervals of the notes of a scale, its chromatics, and *mõe, v. i. (Mow (2), v.] To make faces or grimmo-di-ol-op-sIs, 8. (Mod. Lat. modiol(a), and its more closely related scales.

aces. Gr. opsis=outward appearance, look.) Palæont.: A Silurian genus of Mytilidæ (q. v.)ard; dimin. of modusra measure.) mod -ule, s. (Fr., from Latin modulus=a stand moen-rin-gi-a, moh-rin-gi-a (o as e), subst.

(Named by Linnæus after Paul Henry Gerard Shell inequivalve, very inequilateral, the beaks anterior, the surface smooth, or marked by fino

*I. Ordinary Language:

Moebring, a physician, author of Hortus Proprius,

A.D. 1736.] concentric lines of growth. The shell is thip: the 1. A little measure; a small quantity.

Bot.: Formerly regarded as a genus of Cary. posterior end considerably broader than the 2. A model, a pattern, a mold, a counterfeit.

ophyllaceæ, tribe Alsineæ. Now the species Moehanterior. Hinge edentulous; a ligamental groove, "Shall we have this dialogue between the fool and the ringia trinervis is called Arenaria trinervis. beginning in front of the beak, extends to the soldier? Come, bring forth this counterfeit module."posterior extremity.

Shakesp.; All's Well that Ends Well, iv. 3. mo-di--lŭs, s. (Latin, dimin. of modius=a

Arch. A measure of proportion by which the Build.: Rubble stone filled in between the facing measure. parts of an order or of a building are regulated in walls or a structure, or

walls of a structure, or between the spandrels of a Anat.: The central column or axis around which classical architecture: considered generally as the bridge. It consists of clean, broken stone, and the cochlea of the ear winds.

diameter or semi-diameter of the lower end of the where it holds an important position, as in the mód -Ish, a. [Eng. mode (1); -ish.] In accord- shaft of the column; in other words, semi-diameter

aft of the column: in other words, semi-diameter latter-mentioned case, it is laid in mortar, and by ance with the mode or fashion; fashionable of the column, or thirty minutes.

hardening becomes equal to a solid mass of stone. mod-ish-lý, adv. [English modish; -ly.) In a *mod'-ule, v. t. (Fr. moduler.] [MODULE, s.) moěn-chi-a, 8. [Named after Conrad Monch, modish or fashionable manner.

1. To model, to shape.

professor of botany at Marburg.] “Young children should not be much perplexed about


"O would I could my father's cunning use! putting off their hats, and making legs modishly."

*1. A genus of Caryophyllaceæ, sub-order Alsina

And souls into well moduled clay infuse." Locke: On Education.

Sandys: Ovid; Metamorphoses, i.

ceæ. It has four sepals and petals, and four or eight mód -Ish-nēss, 8. [Eng. modish; -ness.) The 2. To modulate, to regulate, to adapt, to adjust, and ten stamens. (Hooker & Arnott.)

stamens, while Cerastium has five sepals, five petals, quality or state of being modish; affectation of the

“That charmer of the night mode or fashion.

2. A sub-genus or section of Cerastium. The That moduleth her tunes so admirably rare."

sepals are acuminate, longer than the entire petals. mod-Ist, subst. [Eng. mod(e) (1); -ist.) A fol.

Drayton: Polyolbion, s. 13. (Sir Joseph Hooker.) lower of the mode or fashion.

*mod'-u-lět, 8. (A dimin. from module (q. v.).] Mæ-so-, pref. [Lat. Masicus=of or belonging to mo-diste', 8. (Fr.) A woman who makes and A little model or pattern.

Masia or Mysia, a region of ancient Europe, deals in articles of ladies' dress; a inilliner, a dresse

“The little world's admired modulet."

bounded on the north by the Danube, on the east maker.

Sylvester: Seventh Day, First Week, 747. by the Euxine, and on the west by Pannonia.] (Seo mo-di-ús, 8. (Lat.)

*mod'-u-lize, v. t. [Eng. model; -ize.) To model. etym.) Rom. Antiq.: A dry measure, containing one

"To his inward sight did modulize

Meso-goth, a. (GOTH.) third of the amphora, or nearly two English gallons.

His Tabernacle's admirable form." mod-u-lar, a. (Eng. modul(e); -ar.] Pertain.

Sylvester: The Law, 1,115. Meso-gothic, a. & 8. (GOTHIC.) ing to modulation, or to a module or modulus.

mod-u-lūs, 8. (Lat., dimin. of modusra meas- moff, 8. (Native name.] A silk stuff manufacte

ure.) modular-proportion, 8.

ured in Caucasia. Math. & Physics: A term denoting some constant Arch.: That which is regulated by a module. multiplier, coefficient, or parameter involved in a

mő-fús-sil, mõf-fŭs -sil, s. [Hind, mufassal= modular-ratio, 8.

given function of a variable quantity, by means of the country, as distinguished from the town.] An Math.: A term applied to that ratio or number w which the function is accommodated to a particu. Anglo-Indian term for any part of India, except the

three capitals, Calcutta, Bombay, and Madras. whose logarithm is called the modulus (q.v.). This

lar system or base. ratio is that of 1 to 0°367879441171, &c.

(1) Modulus of a system of logarithms: A num mo-gar, 8. [Native West Indian.) The dried

ber by which all the logarithms in one system of mod-u-lāte, v. t. (Lat. modulatus, pa. par. of notation must be multiplied to adapt them to the

stick of the sugar-cane. modulor=to measure according to a standard; same number in another syecem.

"The stick or body of the cane after pressure wag modulus=a standard, dimin. of modusra measure; (2) Modulus of elasticity: The measure of the

dried, and, under the name of mogars, was used to feed

the firen." - London Morning Chronicle. Fr. moduler; Sp. modular; Ital. modulare.]

elastic form of any substance, expressed by the A. Transitive:

ratio of a pressure on a given unit of the substance mõg-ēr-a, 8. [Etym. doubtful; perhaps from I. Ordinary Language:

to the accompanying compression. Or an expres- Gr, mogeros=wretched, distressed; or a corruption 1. To proportion, to adjust, to adapt, as to a sion of the force which would be necessary to elon- of the native name.) standard.

gato a prismatic body of a transverse section equal Zool.: A genus of Talpidæ, established by Ponnel 2. To regulate.

to a given unit, or to compress it within the limits for the Woogura Mole, Talpa woogura, from Japan. of its elasticity.

It resembles the European mole in form and habits, "May the nightly power Which whispers on my slumbers, cease to breathe

(3) Modulus of a machine: A formula expressing but the fur is of a dingy tawny hue, the nose proHer modulating impulse through my soul."

the work which a given machine can perform under longed, and it has two incisors less in the lower jaw Thompson: Sickness, v. the conditions involved in its construction.

than T. europæa. 3. To vary or inflect the sound of, so as to give

(4) Modulus of rupture: The measure of the force mõg'-gan, s. [Gael. & Ir. mogan.) A stocking expression to that which is uttered; to vary in tone. necessary to break a given substance. (Rankine.)

without the foot, worn over a boot. (Scotch.) "In all vocal music (the tongue) helpeth the windpipe

mo-dům'-ite, 8. (Named after Modum, Norway; MÕ-grā:-bi-an a. & 8. [Arab. & Turk. moghreb to modulate the sounds." Grew: Cosmo. Sacra, bk, i.. ch. sun.-ile (Min.): V.,

=the west, Nort. west Africa.] Min.: The same as SKUTTERUDITE (q. v.). 16. II. Music: To change the key of; to transpose mod'-ús, s. (Lat.=a measure.]

A. As adj.: Of or pertaining to North or Northfrom one key to another.

west Africa

1. Law: B. Intransitive: (1) The arrangement or expression of the terms y

B. As subst.: A native or inhabitant of North or Music: To pass from one key to another, or from of a covenant or contract.

Northwest Africa. the major into the minor mode.

(2) A modification; a variation or departure Mö-gŭl', 8. [Pers. Moghol=a Mongolian.) A mod-u-lā-tion, s. (Fr., from Lat. modulationem,

from a general form or rule in the way of either re- Mongolian.

striction or enlargement, as in an agreement be I The Great Mogul: The popular name for the accus. of modulatio, from modulatus, pa. par. of tween parties, the will of a donor, &c.

sovereign of the empire which was founded in modulor=to measure, to modulate (q. V.); Sp. (3) An abbreviation of modus decimandi, a pecul. Hindustan by the Mongols under Babir in 1525, and modulacion; Ital. modulazione.)

iar custom by which lands became exempted from lasted till 1806. 1. Ordinary Language:

payment of tithes on paying some composition or Mo-gūn'-tine, a. (Lat. Moguntia, Moguntiacum, 1. The act or process of modulating, adjusting, or equivalent.

the ancient name of the town.] Of or pertaining adapting.

"One terrible circumstance of this bill is turning the to Mentz, in Germany. * The poeta of Elizabeth had attained an art of modula. tithe of flax and hemp into what the lawyers call a modus, tion which was afterward neglected and forgotten." - or a certain sum in lieu of a tenth part of the product."

mo-hạ, s. (Fr. moha; remoter etym. doubtful.) Johnson. Lives of the Poets; Waller. Swift.

Bot.: Setaria italica. boil, boy; pout, jowl; cat, çell, chorus, chin, bench; go, ģem; thin, this; sin, aş; expect, Xenophon, exist. ph = f.

\ substancenit of the subs pres- Grihe native namer Talpidæ coogura, fro

ratio of a p

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mo'-häir, *mo-haire, 8. [0. Fr. moủaire (Fr. son of Abu Sofian, an old enemy of the prophet. among which figure paddy birds, pilgrim fool and moire), mohère, mouhaire, from Arab. mukhavvarl Civil war resulted, and the sects of the sunnis and pulgrim idrot, ti

Civil war resulted, and the sects of the Sunnis and pilgrim idiot, tiger, king chafing dish, king blanket, 1. The hair of the Angora goat.

Shiahs arose. Ali was assassinated in 661, Hassan king tent-peg, dig and bury, tatterdamalion or king 2. A fabric made from the fine, white, silky hair and Hosein, his sons, soon after perishing. In 710 clout. of the Angora goat and allied species. Sometimes Tarik landed in Spain, the straits where he had m6i-dér, v. i. &t. (MOITHER.) called camlet. The hair is said to be produced in passed and the adjacent rock being ever afterward

A. Intrans.: To work or labor bard; to toil. perfect quality in no place excepting Angora in called Gibraltar (q. v.). In 732 Charles Martel Asia Minor, and has long been a valuable article of (=the Hammer) defeated the Arab Abderrahman B. Trans.: To spend in toul or hard work. export from that place.

at Poictiers, saving Western Europe. The Saracen mol-döre, subst. (Port. moeda d'ouro, moeda de 3. A wool and cotton fabric made in imitation of capitals had been successively at Medina, at Cafa, ouro, from Lat. moneta-money; de=of, and aurum the above, in mixed colors or plain.

at Damascus, and at Bagdad; their dynasties were =gold.) A Port

the Ommeyades, Abbasides, &c. About the middle uguese gold coin, mohair-shell, 8.

of the eighth century, the Saracen empire in the worth 4,000 reis, Zoöl.: A species of Voluta, with a finely reticu- East began to be broken down by the Turks, then a or about $5.31. lated surface like mohair.

savage Tartar tribe, who afterward embraced Mo- m 1'-e-tň. Mõ-hăm-mě-dan,+Ma-hõm -ě-tan, *Mu-ham

hammedanism, and in 1453 took Constantinople, moitie i

terminating the Greek or Eastern empire. Since ma-dan, a. & s. (Arab. Muhammad.]

moitié = a half, the sixteenth century their power has been less

from Lat. medieA. As adj.: Of or belonging to Mohammed or his dreaded. The Mohammedans of the world have to

tatem, accus. of system of belief or polity. been estimated at 250 millions, of whom 50 millions

medietas=a midare in India, 40 millions directly under British rule.

Moidore. B. As subst.: A follower of Mohammed.

dle course, a and 10 millions in allied or tributary states. The balt.

half: medius=middle.) Mohammedan-architecture. 8. The style of koran (=that which is read or recited) is their 1. A half: the half part or share: one of two equal architecture adopted by Mohammedan nations, as sacred book and their code of law. Their faith is

parts. the Moors of Spain, the Arabs, &c. It was gradually called Islam (=surrender of the will to God). Five **

*2. A portion; a part in general. developed out of the forms which were found ready duties are incumbent on the faithful Mohammedan:

"The love I dedicate to your lordship is without end: to hand in the various countries over which they A confession of faith that there is but one God, and

whereof this pamphlet, without beginning, is but a superspread, and which belonged for the most part to that Mohammed is his prophet, prayer, tasting, fluous moiety."'--Shakesp.: Rape of Luorece. (Dedic.) early Christian art of the later Roman period, almsgiving, and a pilgrimage to Mecca. Friday is together with an admixture of Asiatic elements. In their Sabbath and day of special worship. Raising moil, *moile, *moyle, v. t. & i. (O. Fr. moiller, the earliest times Christian churches were utilized the nations which have embraced it to a higher moiler, moillier (Fr. mouiller)=to wet, to moisten. for the practice of the new religion: afterward creed than their old idolatry. Islam bas so stereo- from Low Lat. *mollio=to sorte from Lat. mollis mosques were erected. MOSQUE.) In accordance typed them as to render all further changes in- =soft. with the Oriental manner of life, this style is tensely difficult. No other faith offors so stubborn *A. Transitive: internal rather than external, especially in palaces a resistance to the spread of Christianity.

1. To moisten, to wet, to sprinkle. and dwelling-houses. While the tasteless exterior

Mô-năm-med-an-ize, Mạ - hõm'- -tan-ize, of the buildings only displays to the eye high walls

2. To daub, to soil, to foul, to make dirty.

*3. To weary ; to wear out. which are irregularly pierced by small windows, Ma-ham-ma-dan-ize, v.t. [Eng. Muhammadan;

“No more tug one another thus nor moyle yourselves. and those few in number, everything in the interior -ize.]

Chapman: Homer's Iliad, uiii. is richly decorated. The richest ornamentation is 1. Of things: To render conformable to Moham. B. Intransitive: lavished on the most essential part of these build- medan law or usage.

*1. To wallow. ings, namely, on the porticoes which surround the, 2. Of persons: To convert to or coerce into Mo. 2. To labor, to toil, to work hard. open court. There are no fixed orders or propor- hammedanism. tions for the pillars-sometimes they are squat and

moil (1), 8. [MOIL, v.) A spot, a defilement.

Mo-hăm-měd-Ism, Ma-hom'-ět - Ism, MQheavy; at others slender and graceful, especially in

*mbil (2), *moyle, s. (MULE.] the later period. Three different forms of arches hăm-mad-işm, s. (MOHAMMEDANISM.]

*moile (1), 8. (Etym. doubtful.] A dish of mar. are found, besides the circular arch, which is of Mo-hăm-měd-ize, Ma-hom -ět-ize, MQ-hăm'- row and grated bread. rare occurrence. In Egypt and Sicily the pointed mad-ize, v. t. (MOHAMMEDANISM.]

*molle (2), 8. [Fr. mule; Ital. mula=a slipper, arch, resembling that afterward adopted in the Gothic style, was used: in Persia and India the Mo-hawk. Mo'

North American

from Lat. mulleus (calceus) =a red (slipper), from

mullus=a red mullet.] A kind of high shoe formerly keel-arch (the ends of the curves are bent slightly dian. upward like the keel of a vessel); and in Spain the 1. The name of a tribe of North-American Indians. worn by high personages. horseshoe arch, which consists of a larger segment *2. A name given to certain ruffians who infested molles, 8. [Etym. doubtful.] The metallic oxide of a circle than a semicircle. The walls over these the streets of London toward the end of the seven- adhering to the glass which is knocked from the arches. as all flat surfaces, were covered with embel. teenth century.

end of the blow-pipe. lishments in the shape of arabesques consisting of möhõe mõ'chante The West Indian nama mo'-nean (ean aso)... IF flat relief in stucco, or painted in brilliant colors.

Fort.: A small, flat bastion raised in front of an They are formed of the most multifarious entwin. Bot.: Hibiscus arboreus, called also Paritium ings of straight or curved lines or belts. Domes are tiliaceum. In the days of slavery the negroes were intended fortification, to defend it against attack introduced freely, and are, for the most part, flat or flogged wit the most part flator flogged with whips made of its fibers.

by small-arms. plain externally, or ornamented with stripes like a möhr-1-a, 8. (Named after Mohr, a botanical

vical moiré (as mwar-e), *moyre, s. (Fr.] (MOHAIR.) gourd. Dwelling-houses are tast less externally, writer.)

Watered or clouded silk. The silk is damped, but the interiors display wealth and luxury. Over- Bot. A gen as of ferns, order Polypodiace. The

folded in a peculiar manner, and subjected to a hanging balconies are used in the upper stories, sori, which are few, are situated near the revolute

ich are few are situated near the revolute pressure of from 60 to 100 tons. and the windows are small and elevated. The margins of the pinnules. Only known species moiré-antique, s. Arabian system of ornamentation is not so pure as Mohria thurifera. It smells of benzoin. It is found the Moorish, and the Turkish style kept more in South Africa and the Mascaren Islands.

Fabric: A heavy, watered silk. closely to the Byzantine. The finest specimen of

moiré-métallique, $. Tin plate acted on by an Mohammedan architecture and ornamentation is monş'-ine, 8. [Named after the German miner- acid, so as to display by reflected light the crystalthe Alhambra, at Granada. alogist, F. Mohs; suff. -ine (Min.).)

line texture of the tin. | Mặ-hăm-me-dan-Ism, Mạ-hăm'- bt-an-Iom,

Min.: The same as LOLLINGITE and LEUCOPYRITE *moi-son, s. (Fr. moisson, from Lat. messionem, *: (q. v.).

accus, of messio=a reaping, from messus, pa. par. of Yu-hăm-ma-dan-işm, s. (Arab. Muhammad; Eng, spil. an! sism. Mohammed is from the Arabic mõhş-īte, 8. (Named after the German miner- meto=to reap.] Harvest, growth. root hamd=the Praised.) alogist, F. Mohs; suff. -ite (Min.).]

moist, *moiste, a. [O. Fr. moiste (Fr. moite)= Compar. Religions; The religion founded by Mo. Min.: A variety of menaccanite occurring in thin moist, liquid, wet, from Lat. mustus=of or pertain. hammed, the so-called Prophet of Arabia. He was plates more or less hexagonal, associated withing to new wine, or musteus=new, fresh, from born at Mecca, of good family, Aug. 20, 570, but, albite and quartz, at St. Christophe, Isère, France. mustum=new wine, neut. sing. of mustus=young. while an infant. lost his father, Abdallah, and, at

fresh, new,

mõ'-hûr. 8. (Pers, muhur, muhr.] A gold coin *1. New, fresh. the age of six, his mother, Amina. When a child be

be of British India, value fifteen rupees, or $7.25. had a fit, probably epileptic. At the age of twenty

2. Moderately wet, damp, not dry, humid. five he married Khadijah, a widow of forty, the | mỗ-hụr-rùm, 8. [Arab.]

"Why were the moist in number so outdone first of his many wives, and was faithful to her

That to a thousand dry, they are but one!" 1. The first month of the Mohammedan year. while she lived. At the age of forty he often re

Blackmore: Creation, L 2. One of the greatest of the Mohammedun festi. 3. Juicy, succulent. tired to a cave at the foot of Mount Hira for relig.

vals. It is held in commemoration of the so-called ious meditation. Three years later he began to

moist-eyed, a. Having eyes wet with tears. martyrdom of Hassun and Hosein, sons of Ali, and proclaim his views, and, after a time, claimed to be

nephews of Mohammed, which occurred in the *moist-star, 8. The moon. a prophet. Among his early converts were his wife, $ forty-sixth year of the Hejira. It commences the

"The moist-star, Khadijah, Ali, his cousin, then a boy of fourteen, ; evening on which the new moon becomes visible in

Upon whose influence Neptune's empire stands, afterward his adopted son and his son-in-law, and Abu Bakr, or Abubeker, his friend. On June 20, 622,

Was sick almost to doomsday with eclipse."
the month Mohurrum, and continues fully ten days.
While the festival continues, the people light fires

Shakesp.: Hamlet, i. 1. he had to flee from Mecca to Medina. This date is every evening in pits, fencing across them with

*moist, *moiste, v. t. (MOIST, a.) To moisten, the Moslem era of the Hejira (q. v.). At Mecca he had been an enthusiast, at Medina he became a fan.

sticks or swords and leaping across or even through to make moist or wet.

them, crying out Ya Ali, Ya Ali (Oh Ali, Oh Ali), moist'-en (t silent), v. t. & i. (Eng. moist; -en.) atic. On Jan. 13, 621, at the head of 300 followers he

e Shah Hassun, Shah Hosein (Noble Hassun, Noble defeated 950 of the Meccans. The victory was con

A. Transitive: Hosein) &c. They form ullums or facsimiles of sidered miraculous, and encouraged him in future

1. To make moist, damp, or humid; to damp. Hosein's banner of copper, brass, steel, or even to propagate his faith by the sword, and he was so

" One paste of flesh on all degrees bestowed, silver or gold, and finally carry past in procession successful that at his death (June 8, 632) he was

And kneaded up alike with moistning blood." virtual sovereign of Arabia. During the (aliphates beautiful taboots or tombs, which, in India, at

Dryden: Sigismonda and Guiscardo, 602 least, are ultimately thrown into some river. There of his immediate successors Abubeker (632-634) and

*2. To soften; to make soft or tender. Omar (634 646), the Arabs, or Saracens, conquered a are many other ceremonies.

3. To fill with tears. Syria, Persia, and Egypt, and established the new mohurrum-fakir, 8. Fakirs or religious mendi.

"The moistened eye, the trembling lip, faith. Othman reigned next (644-655). Then the cants, dressed up in peculiar ways to take part in

Are not the signs of doubt or fear.' Arabs elected Ali, Mohammed's son-in-law, strangely the Mohurrum. Jaffur Shurreef enumerates forty

Longfellow: Building of the Ship. passed over till now; the Syrians chose Moaviabi, seven kinds of them, all with distinctive names, B. Intrans.: To become moist or wet. fāte, făt, färe, cmidst, whãt, fail, father; wē, wět, hëre, camel, hêr, thêre; pine, pit, sïre, sir, marîne; go, pot,

8 632) he was silver or winner of copo

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