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or slantine (q.

mi-těl -19, s. (Lat.=a head-band, a kind of tur. miter-wheel, 8. One of two bevel-wheels of *2. To become softened, cooled, assuaged, or lessban; dimin. of mitra. Named from the form of its equal diameter, and whose working-faces have an ened. • capsule.] (MITER.) equal obliquity to their axes, usually 45°.

As his years increase, his fires Assuage, Bot.: False Sanicle; Bishop's Cap. A genus of mi-tér, mi-tre (tre as tēr), *my-tre, v. t.

Allay with time, and mitigate with age." Saxifragaceæ, consisting of low, slender plants M

Brookes: Jerusalem Delivered, bk, i. with whitish or greenish flowers. 'Found in North

1. Ord. Lang.: To adorn with a miter; to raise to mit-i-gå-tion, *mit-i-ga-ci-oun, 8. (Fr. mitiAmerica.

a position or rank entitling the person raised to gation, from Lat. mitigationem, accus. of mitigatio, mi-tēr, mi-tre (tre as tēr), *mi-tere, *my-ter, wear a miter.

from mitigatus, pa. par. of mitigo=to mitigate 8. [Fr. mitre, from Lat. mitrara cap, from Gr. 2. Carp.: To join with a miter-joint.

(q. v.); Sp. mitigacion; Ital. mitigazione.) The mitra=a belt, a girdle, a head-band, a fillet, a tur.

mi-těred, mi-tred (tred as tērd), a. [Eng. act of mitigating, abating, relaxing, or moderatban; Ital. & Sp. mitra.) miter; -ed.)

ing; abatement or diminution of anything painful, I. Ordinary Language:

I. Ord. Lang.: Adorned with or wearing a miter; harsh, severe, or afflictive. 1. A form of head-dress worn by the inhabitants entitled to wear a miter; of episcopal rank.

“These share man's general lot “From such apostles, O ye mitred heads,

With little mitigation." of Asia Minor; a head-band. 2. In the same sense as II. 2. Preserve the church !"-Cowper: Task, ii. 392.

Wordsworth: Excursion, bk. v. “In this opinion many politicians concurred, who had II. Technically:

mit-1-gā-tive, a. & 8. [O. Fr. mitigatif, from no dislike to rochets and mitres."-Macaulay: Hist. Eng., 1. Bookbind.: A term applied to fillet ornamenta

Lat. mitigativus, from mitigatus, pa. par. of mitigo ch. xiii,

=to mitigato (q. v.).) tion when the lines unite exactly at their junction 3. The office, rank, or position of a bishop. without overrunning.

, A. A8 adj.: Mitigating, alleviating, or abating; 2. Carp.: United with a miter-joint.

lenitive. II. Technically: 1. Carp.: A miter-joint (q. V.).

mitered-border.s. The edging around the slab. B. As subst.: Anything which alleviates, abatos, 2. Religions : stone of a hearth.

or moderates; a lenitive. (1) Jewish: The divinely-appointed head-dress of mi'-tēr-ing, mi'-tre-ing (tre as tēr), pr. par. mit-1-gā-tor, .8. (Eng. mitigat(e); -or.) One the Jewish High Priest. It had on it a golden plate, or a. (MITER, v.)

who or that which mitigates, alleviates, or moderinscribed "Holiness to the Lord.” (Exod. xxxix. mitering-machine, s.

ates. 28-30.) 1. Print.: A machine for mitoring printers' rules, from mitigatus, pa. par. of mitigo=to mitigate

mit-I-ga-tỖr-7, a. & 8. [Latin mitigatorius, (2) Christian: The head-dress of a bishop. Miters

so that their ends may meet at a miter-joint. are supposed to have been first worn between the

2. Joinery: A machine for mitering or slanting seventh century and the tenth. Cardinals at first wore them too, till the Council of Lyons, in 1245,

the ends of pieces which are to be united by a A. As adj.: Tending to mitigate; mitigative. enjoined them to use hats. The episcopal miter miter-joint.

B. As subst.: A mitigation. was doubtless suggested by that of the Jewish

mi-tēr-wort, 8. [Eng, miter, and suff. -wort "In cases of life and such mitigatories."—North: ExHigh Priest. It is, however, considered to symbol. (q. V.).]

amen, p. 316. ize the "cloven tongues as of fire " which descended Bot.: The genus Mitella (q. v.).

*mit-10g, 8. (Eng. mit(e) (2); -ing.] A little on the early church on the day of Pentecost.

| False Miterwort is the genus Tiarella.

one; a term of endearment. miter-block, 8. mith:-ēr, 8. (MOTHER.)

mit-kėl, 8., (Native word.) A coin of account Joinery: A block arranged for sawing pieces to *mith-Ic, a. (MYTHIC.)

in Morocco, value about 77 cents. an angle of 45°.

Mith'-răs, Mith'-ra, 8. [Zend.)

mi-trą, 8. (Lat., from Gr. mitra=an Asiatic miter-box, 8.

Compar, Relig.: The principal god of the Parsees head-dress, a coif, a turban.) 1. Print.: A box in which rules are placed while or Persians, the god of the Sun; the Sun itself as 1. Zool.: Miter-shell, Bishop's Miter, Tiara; a the ends are cut obliquely, so as to make a miter- an object of worship.

genus of prosobranchiate holostomatous gasterojoint with another rule.

| Manes, the founder of the Manichæan sect, pods, family Muricidæ. The spire is elevated, the

apex acute; the shell thick, with small aperture, 2. Carp.: A trough with vertical kerfs, which wished to identify Christ with Mithras. intersect the sides at an angle of 45°, to form guides *mith'-ri-dāte, 8. [Named after Mithridates,

and notched in front; the columella obliquely

plaited, and the for a saw in sawing the ends of pieces to make king of Pontus, who was supposed to have made

operculum very miter-joints. himself poison-proof.]

small. The animal miter-dovetail, 8.

Pharm.: An antidote against poison; a composi. has

has a long probos. tion used either as a remedy for or a preservative mia.and when irri. Joinery: A form of concealed dovetail which

against poison. presents only a single joint line, and that on the

tated emits a pur

“In mithridate or just perfumes angle. [DOVETAIL.)

ple liquid of nauWhere all good things being met, no one presumes

seous odor. The

Mitra. miter-drain, 8. The transverse drain in the To govern, or to triumph on the rest." metalling of a road.

Donne: Progress of the Soul; Second Anniversary.

have reference to the shape of the shell and its ornamiter-gauge, s. A gauge to determine the angle

mithridate-mustard, s.

mentation. Known species 420, mostly from tropof a miter-joint in picture-frames, moldings, &c.

Bot.: The same as PENNY-CRESS (9. v.).

ical seas, ranging from low-water to eighty fath

oms. Mitra episcopalis is one of the commonest mith-ri-dăt-Ic, a. (Latin mithridaticus, from miter-iron, s.


species ; M. regina is the most beautiful; the most Forg.: A number of bars of angular shape wedged mitbridates or a mithridate (q. v.). Mithridates, king of Pontus.] Of or pertaining to

valuable is M. Stamforthii. together inside a hoop to form a faggot for a "*

2. Palæont.: The genus appears for the first time *mith-ri-dâ'-ti-on, 8. (See extract.] An un- in the Cretaceous period, but the fossil species are large forging.

identified plant. miter-joint,8. A

mainly distributed through the Tertiary formations.

“Oratevas hath ascribed the invention of one hearbe to (Nicholson.) joint formed by the

King Mithridates himselfe, called after his name Mithmeeting of matching ridation."-P. Holland: Pliny, bk. xxv., ch, vi.

mi-træ-form, a. (MITRIFORM.] pieces in a frame, the parts uniting on a line

mit'-Ig-a-ble, a. (Lat. mitigabilis, from mitigo. Amit-räil, *mit-räille, s. (Fr.=small pieces of bisecting the angle, =to mitigate (q. v.).] Capable of being mitigated. #

iron, copper, &c., grape-shot, from 0. Fr. mitaille,

from mite=a small piece, a mite.] An old name for which is usually but

"The rigor of that ceremonious law was mitigable."- grape or case shot, or for charges of fragments not necessarily 90°. Barrow: Sermons, vol. ii., ser. 15.

of metal that were sometimes fired from gans. miter-mushroom, 8.


mit-1-gant, adj. (Latin mitigans, pr. par. of (MITE, 2.) Bot.: Morchella esculenta. (MOREL.]

mitigo=to mitigate (q. v.).] Softening, mitigating mitrailleur, 8. (MITRAILLEUSE.)

soothing, lenitive. miter-plane, s.

mitrailleuse (as mi-trā-yěz'), *mitrailleur mit-1-gāte, *mit-1-gat, v. t. & i. (Latin miti. Joinery: gatus, pa. par. of mitigo=to make gentle; mitis=

(as ml-trā-yēr'), s. (Fr.) [MITRAILLE, 8.) !

Ord.: A weapon designed to fire a large number 1. A plane the bit of which is set obliquely across soft, gentle, and ago=to make; Fr. mitiger; Sp. the face of the stock, so as to make a draw-cut. mitigar; Ital. mitigare.

of cartridges in a short time. The name is given 2. A plane running in a race bearing a certain race bearing a certain

chiefly to those which are intended for use against

A. Transitive: angular relation to the fences or gauges which hold

men, firing, therefore, ordinary rifle bullets; but and present the stuff.

1. To make less rigorous, severe, or harsh; to weapons of higher caliber, designed to discharge relax.

heavier projectiles against "material," are usually miter-post, 8.

“How cometh it then that the pope for so many hun called "machine guns." In each instance, howHydraul. Engin.: The outer vertical edge of a dred thousands that miscarry, will' neither breake the ever, the weapon is a breechloader, and the shot is canal-lock gate, obliquely chamfered to fit against ordinaunce or mitigat it."-Tyndall: Works, p. 316. carried in a metal cartridge. The earliest forms a similar surface on the companion-gate.

2. To make less severe, painful, or hard.

were the French mitrailleuse and the Belgian Mon“I may mitigate their doom,

tigny mitrailleuse, both being composed of a num. miter-shell, 8.

Milton: P. L., 1. 76.
On me derived."

ber of barrels fastened in a group surrounded by a Zool.: The popular name of any species of the

metal casing, the cartridges being contained in genus Mitra (q. v.).

3. To assuage, to lessen, to abate, to soften.

steel blocks, which are dropped successively into a miter-sill, 8.

“Grief which is rather to be mitigated by comfort than "slot”'or opening in the breech, and replaced,

increased and exasperated by blame."--Barrow: Sermons when discharged, by a fresh plate. The rate of fir Hydraul. Engin.: A raised step on the floor of a' vol. i., ser. 21.

ing of the Montigny was about 444 shots per min. lock-bay against which the feet of the lock-gates shut.

ute, of the French piece 300 per minute. Those at *4. To cool, to temper, to moderate.

"A man has frequent opportunity of mitigating the present mostly in use are the Gatling (caliber .45miter-square. 8. A bevel-square whose blades flerceness of a party." --Addison: Spectator.

inch), with ten revolving barrels, and the light are set immovably at an angle of 45° with each other. The term is used somewhat loosely to

*5. To soften: to mollify: to make mild or access. Nordenfeldt and Gardner patterns, with fixed bar.

rels. These are fed from a drum containing cart. denote a square whose blade is adjustable to any ible.

ridges, which is placed over a slot on the upper angle; a bevel.

B. Intransitive:

surface of the case covering the barrels. A scattermiter-valve, 8. A valve whose rim forms a 1. To relax or soften the rigor, harshness, or se- ing arrangement is usually fitted to the mitrailmiter-joint, with the face of the seat at an angle of verity of anything.

leuse, which causes the barrels to move from side 45* with the axis of the valve-disc. [PUPPET. “A mitigating clause was added by way of ridor."- to side while the piece is being discharged. The VALVE.] Macaulay: Hist. Eng., ch. xi.

machine guns firing shot large enough to penetrate boll, boy; pout, Jowl; cat, çell, chorus, chin, bench; go, gem; thin, this; sin, aş; expect, Xenophon, exist. ph = f.

seousular name the shape. 0420, mostly



mixtly even thin iron plates are the Gatling (caliber '65. *4. To join, to associate, to unite.

mixed-questions, 8. pl. Questions arising from inch), the Nordenfeldt (caliber 1-inch), and the “Ephraim hath miced himself among the people.”- the conflict of foreign and domestic laws. Hotchkiss (caliber 1.46-inch), and all these have Hosea vii. 8.

There are also mixed questions of law and fact, fixed barrels without any scattering machinery.

in which the jury establishes the facts and the Court

B. Intransitive: The first-mentioned fires 200 rounds per minute;

declares the law. the Nordenfeldt, 100 rounds in the same time. The 1. To becomo united, blended, or minglad in one

ne mixed-tithes, 8. pl. Tithes consisting of aniNordenfeldt pattern consists of four barrels fast- compound; as, Oil and water will not mix.

la mals or material products, but in part nurtured or 'ened side by side horizontally in a frame. It is fed 2. To join, to associate, to mingle, to intermeddle.

preserved by the care of man. Example, pigs, wool, from a carrier on top of the breech of the machine, “Nobly distinguished above all the six

milk. (Eng.) which is filled by hand as it becomes empty. In

By deeds in which the world must never mix."

mixed-train,s. A train of cars composed of both the Hotchkiss gun the barreis, five in number, re

Couper: Progress of Error, 162. volve, and in addition to solid cast-iron and steel mix-a-ble. *mix -Y-ble. a.

freight and passenger cars.

Eng, mir: -able. l shots, it fires explosive shells and canister, at the capable of being mixed or compounded; mixable,

mixed-voices, s. pl. Male and female voices rate of 25 per minute. miscible.

united in the same performance. *mi'-tral, *mi-tralí, a. (Fr.) Pertaining to a “Mixion unites things miscible by change."

mix-ěd-1ğ, *mixt'-1ğ, adv. (Eng. mixed, *mixt;

Davies: Summa Totalis, p. 9. miter; resembling a miter.

-ly.] In a mixed manner.

“With a commission not to proceed precisely, or merely “Wholly omitted in the mitrall crown."-Browne: Gar. mixed, *mixt, pa. par. & a. (Mix.]

Bocording to the laws and customs either of England or den of Cyrus, ch. ii.

A. As pa. par.: (See the verb.)

Scotland, but mixtly."- Bacon: Union of England and mitral-valve, 8.

B. As adjective:

Scotland. 1. Anat.: A valve situated at the left auricular I. Ordinary Language:

mix'-en, *myx-en, *myx-ene, 8. (A. S. miren, opening of the heart. Called also the Bicuspid

1. United or blended into one compound or mass.

from mix, meox=dung, filth.] dung-hill, a dungvalve.

2. Consisting of various kinds, qualities, or varie. heap. 2. Pathol.: The chief diseases of the mitral valve ti ties; promiscuous.

“The sonne that shineth on the myrene.”—Chaucer: are mitral-obstruction, mitral-regurgitant disease,

“The company is 'mixed (the phrase I quote is

Persones Tale. and mitral-valvular disease.

As much as saying, they're below your notice)." mix-ēr, 8. (Eng. mix; -er.) One who or, that mi-tri-form, imi'-træ-form, a. (Lat. mitra=

Byron: Beppo, lviii. which mixes. a miter, and forma=form, shape.) T (1) Mixed ratio or proportion :

“ To the sewers and sinks Bot.: Formed like a miter, conical. Used of the Math.: A ratio or proportion in which the sum of

With all such drinks, calyptra of a moss when it is torn away equally the antecedent and consequent is compared with

And after them tumble the mixer." from the base, so as to hang the difference of the antecedent and consequent:

Longfellow: Catawba Wine, equally over the sporangium.

Thus, if a: b::c: d, then a+b: a-6:: c+d: c-d is *mix'-1-ble, a. [MIXABLE.] tmi-tri-næ, 8. pl. (Lat. mitra,

the mixed ratio or proportion.
(2) Mired subjects of property: Such as fall

ty: Such as fall and fem. pl. adj. suff. -inæ.]

mix'-ing, pr. par., a. & 8. [Mix.] Zool.: A sub-family of Volutidæ,

within the definition of things real, but which, A. & B. As pr. par. & particip. adj.: (See tho type Mitra (q. v.).

nevertheless, are attended with some of the legal verb.) mi'-trý, a. (Eng. mit(e)r; -y.] qualities of things personal, or vice versa.

C. As substantive: Her.: Charged with eight mimixed-action, s.

1. Ord. Lang.: The act of mingling or compound. ters. (Said of a bordure.)

Law: (ACTION.)

ing two or more ingredients into one body, mass, or

compound; mixture. mitt, 8. [An abbreviation of mixed-architecture, s.

2. Cloth: The uniting of wool of different colors mitten (q. v.).] A mitten; a cov.

Mitry. ering for the hand and the wrist

Arch.: The name given by Dallaway to the Saxo. for mixed cloth, called medleys. only, but not for the fingers.

Norman_style of Gothio architecture prevalent mixing-sieve, 8. A sieve by which ingredients

from A. D. 1170 to 1220. mit-těn, *mit-aine, *mit-tain, 8. (Fr. mitaine,

are intimately combined by sifting together. a word of disputed origin: perhaps from M. H. Ger. mixed-cadence, 8.

*mix-ion (x as sh), 8. (Lat. mixus, pa. par. of mittemo, mittamo=the middle; "Gael. miotag; Ir. Music: An old name for a cadence, consisting of misceo=to mix.) A mixing; mixture. [See example miotog=a mitten: Gael. & Ir. mutan=a muff, a a subdominant followed by a dominant and tonic under Mixable.] thick glove.)

chord; so called because the characteristic chords mix-ite, s. [Named by Schrauf after A. Mixa; 1. A hand-covering, generally of worsted, worn as of the plagal and authentic cadences succeed each suff. -ite (Min.); Ger. mixit.] a protection against cold or other injury. It dif- other.

Min.: A mineral occurring as an encrustation on fers from a glove in not having separate and dis.

a bismite (q. v.), sometimes spherical, with concentinct cells for each finger, the thumb alone being

mixed-choir, 8. A choir consisting of male and

tric, fibrous structure; also crystalline to cryptoseparate. 8 female voices. [MIXED-VOICES.]

crystalline. Crystallization, monoclinic or triclinic. 2. A covering for the forearm only. mixed-contract, s.

Hardness, 3-4; specitic gravity, 2.66; color, shades † (1) To get the mitten: To be jilted or discarded,

of emerald-green; translucent to transparent. as a lover. (2) To give one the mitten: To jilt, to discard, as a benefit on another, but requires a lesser benefit Analysis yielded: Phosphoric and arsenic acids.

from him, as when he leaves him a legacy, burdened 30:45 ; sesquioxide of bismuth, 13-07; protoxide of a lover. (3) Tohandle without mittens: To handle roughly. with the obligation of paying from it a lesser one. copper, 4321; water, 11•07; protoxide of iron, 1.52;

lime, 083=100*15. Found at Joachimsthal, Bohemia. *mit-tent, a. (Lat. mittens, pr. par. of mitto=

mixed-fabrics, 8. pl. Those in which two or Of mito= more fibers are combined. The varieties are numer

mix-og-a-moŭs, a. (Gr. mixis, in comp. micoto send.) 'Sending out or forth ; emitting. ous, as tweeds, poplins, cassinets, &c.

=a mingling, communion, and gamos=marriage.] “The fluxion proceedeth from humors peccant in quan.

(For def. see extract.) tity or quality, thrust forth by the part mittent upon the mixed-government, 8.

“The majority of Teleostei are mirogamons; that is, the inferior weak parts."—Wiseman: Surgery.

Politics: A government not solely monarchical, males and females congregate on the spawning-beds, and mit-ti-mūs, 8. [Lat.=we send; 1st pers. pl. aristocratical, or democratical, but a mixture of all the number of the former being in excess, several males pres. indic. of mitto=to send.]

the three. Typical example, the British Govern- attend to the same female, frequently changing from one Law: ment.

female to another. The same habit has been observed in 1. A precept or command in writing given by a mixed-larceny, s.

Lepidosteus."-Günther: Study of Fishes, p. 177. justice of the peace, or other proper officer, directed

mix-0-1ğd-1-an, a. (Gr. mixis, in comp. miroto the keeper of a prison, requiring him to receive . Law: Larceny, of an aggravated type, as when it and hold in safe keeping an offender charged with is attended by violence to the person or theft from =a mingling, and Eng. Lydian (q.v.).)

Music: The epithet applied to the seventh eccleany crime until he be delivered by due course of a house.

siastical mode (q. v.). law; a warrant of commitment to prison.

mixed-laws, s. pl. Laws which concern both 2. A writ for removing records from one court to person and property.

*mixt, pa. par. or a. [Mix.] another. mixed-marriages, 8. pl.

mix'-tie, mix'-tý, a. (See the compound.) mi-ty, s. (Brazilian mitu poranga.)

Roman Theol.: Marriages between persons of dif. mixtie-maxtie, mixty-maxty, a. Confusedly Ornith.: Ourax mitu, one of the Cracidæ (Curas

religions. In the United States the term gen. mixed or mingled together. (Scotch.) Sows). It is found in South America. [OURAX.] erally defines a marriage between a Catholic and a

“Yon mixtie-maxtie, queer hotch-potch mit-ý, a. (English mit(e) (1); -y.) Full of or Protestant. In England a marriage between a bap

The Coalition." abounding with mites; as, mity cheese. tized and an unbaptized person is ecclesiastically

Burns: Cry and Prayer. invalid, one between a member of the Roman mix, v.t. & i. (By metathesis for misk, from A.S. Church and of any other Christian communion is forma=form.] Of mixed shapes.

*mix-ti-form, a. (Lat. mixtus = mixed, and miscan=to mix; cogn. with Ger. mischen=to mix; valid. but illicit, unless a dispensation is first ob0. H. Ger. miskan; Wel. mysgn; Gael. measg, Ir. tained. In the last century mixed marriages led to

“That so mixtiform National Assembly."-Carlyle: Fr.

a measgaim; Russ. mieshate; Lith. maiszyti; Lat. serious dissensions in Europe, and opposition to "

to Revol., pt. i., bk. vii., ch. ix. misceo; Gr. misgó.)

them, in obedience to Papal briefs, to the imprison- mix-ti-lin--al, mix-ti-lin-ě-ar, a, (Latin A. Transitive:

ment of the Archbishop of Cologne in 1837, and of mixtus, pa. par. of misceo=to mix, and lineara

the Archbishop of Posen in 1839. Ifa Roman Cath- line.] Consisting of a mixture or combination of 1. To unite or blend into one mass or compound; olic and a Protestant desire to marry, they must, lines, right, curved, &c. to mingle promiscuously; to blend, to compound, according to Catholic practice. promise that the "There drinckes the nectar with ambrosia mixt." children shall be brought up in the Roman com

mix-tion (x as c), 3. (Lat. mixtio, from mixtus, Spenser: Shepherd's Calendar, November. munion; the bishop may then grant a dispensation

pa. par. of misceo=to mix; Fr. mixtion, Sp. mis.

tion: Ital. mistione. 2. To form or produce by mingling or blending and the marriage, without the nuptial benediction, must take place in a Roman Catholic church, with

*1. Ord. Lang.: The act of mixing; a mixture; a two or more ingredients. “Hadst thou no poison mixed ?"

out any repetition of the ceremony in a Protestant promiscuous assemblage.

2. Art: A term used by French artists to desigShakesp.: Romeo and Juliet, iii, 3.

. A number consisting of mixednumber

nate the medium or mordant used for attixing leaf. 3. To join, to unite, to mingle, to intersperse.

gold to wood or distem per pictures, and formed by whole number and a fraction, as 24. “That hath been thy craft,

a mixture of one pound of amber with four ounces By mixing somewhat true to vent more lies." mixed-property, s.

of pure mastic and one of Jew's pitch or asphaltum. Milton: P. R., i. 433. Law: A compound of realty and personalty. *mixt-1ğ, adv. (MIXEDLY.] fāte, făt, färe, amidst, whãt, fâll, father; wē, wět, höre, cames, bēr, thêre; pīne, pit, sïre, sir, marine; gó, pot,


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mocking-stock mob’-bỹ, măb'-bỹ, s. [Prob. of native origin.) as its specific name denotes. Habitat, North mock-lead, mock-ore, 8. (BLENDE.] 1. A sort of drink prepared in this country from Carolina, the country to the south, and across to

mock-orange, s. potatoes. the Rocky Mountains.

Bot.: Philadelphus coronarius. It is so called 2. The juice of apples and peaches, distilled to 2. The name is sometimes, but improperly, ap

because its large, creamy-white flowers have a pow. plied to Trigonocephalus contortrix, the Coppermake apple or peach brandy.

erful odor somewhat resembling that of orangemo-běd, 8. [Zend & Pers. moubed.] A priest of poisonous, but neither possesses a rattle. head Snake. Both these reptiles are extremely

blossoms. The flavor of the leaves is like that of the Zoroastrian faith.

cucumbers. It is cultivated in shrubberies and mo-beē', 8. (MOBBY.] A fermented liquor made

Mo-chą, 8. [Arab.]

cottage gardens. by the negroes of the West Indies from sugar, gin. . 1. Geog.: A fortified sea-port town of Arabia.

mock-plane, s. ger, and snakeroot.

2. Entom.: Ephyra Omicronarca, a whitish straw-colored moth, the larva of which is found in

Bot.: Acer pseudo-platanus. mo'-bile, *mo-bil, a. & 8. (French, from Lat. 3 at. June and September on the maple.

mock-privet, 8. mobilis (for movibilis) = easy to be moved; moveo= to move; Ital. mobile'; Sp. moble, meuble.] Mocha-stone, s.

Bot.: Phillyrea virgata, more commonly called A. As adjective:

Min.: A variety of chalcedony inclosing dendritic by the book-name of Privet-leaved Phillyrea. 1. Capable of being moved; movable; not fixed. iron. These frequently present a remarkable re

forms of binoxide of manganese and peroxide of mock-sun, 8. A parhelion (q. v.). 2. Easily moved, changed, or altered; as, mobile semblance to organic forms, especially to those of head, in imitation of turtle-soup.

mock-turtle, 8. A soup prepared from calf's features. 3. Fickle, changeable.

confervoid plants, but their mineral origin has now
been placed beyond doubt. (AGATE)

mock-velvet, 8. A fabric made in imitation of ** The vnder hydde malice and rancoure of purposinge

velvet. enuie fornecast and ymagined. in distruction of mobilmoch-a-20,8. MOCKADO.

mock-a-ble, adj. [Eng. mock; -able.] Exposed people, showed openly."-Chaucer: Testament of Loue, moche, s. (Fr.) A bale of raw silk, as imported. to derision; ridiculous. *B. As subst.: The mob, the common people, the [MICKLE.)

*moch-el, *moche, *moch-il, adj. & adverb. “The behavior of the country is most mockable at

court."-Shakesp.: As You Like It, iii. 2. populace. | MOB (1), s.] "Muf. (making up to the mobile.) Good people, heren

A. As adj.: Great in quantity, number, or degree; mock-a-do, s. (Mock, v.]

100 much. you are met together." - Dryden: Don Sebastian, iv. 1.

1. A fabric made in imitation of velvet; mock. (1) Mobile equilibrium: [EQUILIBRIUM.] . B. As adv.; Much, greatly.

velvet. It was made specially in Queen Elizabeth's (2) Primum mobile: [PRIMUM.]

“And over al this yit seide he mochil more.” time. mo-bil-1-tý, s. (Fr. mobilité, from Lat. mobil.

Chaucer: C. T., 2,852. 2. Mockery. itatem, accus. of mobilitas, from mobilis=mobile mo'-chras, 8. [Arab. Mocha-ras=the sap of mock'-age (age as 18). 8. (Eng. mock; -age.) (q. v.) ; Ital. mobilità; Sp. mobilidad.]

Mocha.) Three dye-stuffs: (1) a mahogany-colored 1. Capability of being moved; susceptibility of gum of rounded, convoluted, hollow pieces, obmotion. (In Bot. sometimes used for the suscepti. tained from Bombax malabaricum; (2) a heavy, mock-bird, 8. [English mock, and bird.) The bility of motion possessed by sensitive plants.) light mahogany-colored gum in large, solid bars, Mocking-bird (q. v.).

“That extreme mobility which belongs only to the fluid pale-colored interiorly,, obtained from Moringa mock-ēr.s. (Eng. mock: -er.]
state."-Herschel: Astronomy, & 886.
pterygosperma; (3) curiously convoluted, yellow,

1. One who mocks; a scotfer, a ridiculer, a jeerer. 2. Aptitude for motion; readiness to move or change; as, mobility of features. from Areca catechu.

"There should be mockers in the last time, who should *3. Activity, fleetness.

mõck, *mokke. *mocke. v. t. & i. rold French walk after their own ungodly lusts." —Jude 18. *4. Fickleness, changeability, inconstancy. mocquer (Fr. moquer), from the same root as Ger. 2. One who mocks, illudes, or disappoints. *5. The mob he populace. (A use sugg mucken=to mumble, to mutter; Sw. mucka: Ital.

“If thou diest before I come, thou art & mocker of my

"Tethon diast balora I nobility.)

mocca=a grimace: moccare=to mock; Gael. mag labor." --Shakesp.: As You Like It, ii. 6. “She singled you out with her eye, as commander-in. =to scoff, to deride: Wel. morcio=to mimic; lato chief of the mobility."-Dryden: Don Sebastian, iv. 1. Gr. mokos=mockery; Lat. maccus=a buffoon.]

mocker-nut, s. mõb-1-11-zā-tion, s. (French mobilisation, from A. Transitive:

Bot.: Juglans tomentosa, called also White mobiliser=to mobilize (q. v.).]


1. To deride, to laugh at; to treat with scorn, ridMil.: The act of mobilizing; the state of being icple, or contempt.

hearted Hickory, or Common Hickory (q. v.).

mock -ēr-ý, s. & a. (Fr. moquerie, from moquet mobilized; the calling of troops into active service;

mand said, Ore alond "_1 Rings =to mock.] the placing of an army on a war-footing or readi: "Elijah mocked them and said, Cry aloud.”—1 Kings ness for active service. It includes the calling out xviii. 27.

A. As substantive: of the reserve and men on furlough, the organ- 2. To set at nought; to defy, to ignore.

1. The act of mocking or ridiculing. izing of the artillery, medical, conimissariat, and

"Fill our bowls once more,

"Mockery and ridicule, when exercised upon the Scripta transport services, the accumulation of provisions,

Let's mock the midnight bell."

ures, . fall within the mischief of the law which munitions, &c.

Shakesp.: Antony and Cleopatra, iii. 13. forbids the profanation of God's name.”-Paley: Noral mob -1-lize, v. t. (Fr. mobiliser, from mobile= 3. To imitate or mimic, especially in contempt,

Philosophy, bk. v., ch. ix. movable.)

ridicule, or derision; to deride by mimicry, to nidi. 2. Ridicule, gibing, jeering. 1. Ord. Lang.: To put in a state of readiness for cule.

3. The subject of ridicule, laughter, or derision service.

“Pray, do not mock me:

a butt. “To equalize, mobilize, and drill into a sort of uniform.

I am a very foolish fond old man."

“Of the holy place they made a mockery.”—2 Maccabees ity the whole class of agricultural laborers."-London

Shakesp.: Lear, iv. 7. viii. 17. Times.

4. To illude, to deceive, to disappoint; to fool, to 4. Mimicry; counterfeit appearance; delusive 2. Mil.: To put in a state of readiness for active beguile. service, as troops; to call out for active service.

imitation. “False Jacobites who had mocked their banished sover.

“Unreal mocker: hence!" *mo'-ble, v. t. [A freq. from mob (2), v. (q. v.)] eign year after year with professions of attachment."

Shakesp.: Macheth, iii. 4 To wrap or muffle up, as in a hood; to mob. Macaulay: Hist. Eng., ch. xxii.

5. A vain effort; a fruitless effort or attempt. mo-bles, 8. pl. [See def.] *5. To imitate, to mimic, to resemble.

B. 48 adj.: Mock, counterfeit.
Law: A corruption of movables (q. v.).

"To see the life as lively mocked, as ever
Still sleep mocked death."

"As if we were a mockery king in state." mõb-oc-ra-çý, s. (Eng. mob (1), s.; o connective,

Shakesp.: Winter's Tale, v. 3.

Ford: Perkin Waroeck, i 1. and Gr. kratos=strength, might.] The rule or

*6. To pretend, to feign.

môck -ěs-on, s. [Moccasin.) authority of the mob; the tyranny of the mob; mob-law.

“Ho mocks the pauses that he makes."

mock-ing, pr. par., a. & s. (MOCK, v.) “The cries did not cause him to desist or deviate from

Shakesp.: Antony and Cleopatra, v. 1.

A. & B. As pr. par. & particip. adj.: (See the his line of argument. Nobocracy had taken possession B. Intrans.: To make use of ridicule or derision; verb.) of the House, anarchy was being given an object lesson, to make sport, to jeer, to ridicule, to speak jest

whetantisse. and the followers of Johann Most were being invited to ingly. (Generally followed by at.) give practical illustrations of their diabolical theories.'”

“The adversaries saw her, and did mock at her sab

1. The act of ridiculing, deriding, or jeering; -Chicago Inter Ocean, Feb. 24, 1894. baths."-Lamentations i. 7.

mockery. mob-o-crăt:-ic, a. (MOBOCRACY.] Of or per

2. An imitation, a counterfeit. taining to mobocracy. or per mock, 8. & a. [Mock, v.)

"It is a pretty mocking of the life.” *mobs-man, s. [Eng. mob (1), s., and man.A A. A8 Substantive:

Shakesp.: Timon of Athens, i. 1. member of the swell mob; a pickpocket, a thief, a 1. The act of mocking; ridicule, derision, sneer, mocking-bird, s. swindler. gibe, jeer.

Ornith.: The popular name of Mimus polyglottus, moc-ca-sin, moc'-ca

“The loud world's random mock."

Ashy brown a bove, white beneath; wings black,

Tennyson: Will, 4. són, moc-as-sin, moc

varied with white, tail black. Its range in this 2. Imitation, mimicry, mockery.

country, of which it is native, is from 40° north to cas-sin, subst. (A North American Indian word:

. As adj.: False, counterfeit, assumed, sham; Mexico. It is also said to occur in Cuba. Algonquin makissin.) not genuine or real.

“The vocal powers of the mocking-bind exceed both in 1. Ord. Lang.: A deer

“This mock royalty was of short duration."- Macaulay:

their imitative notes and in their natural song, those of skin sandal, the sole and Hist. Eng., ch, i.

any other species. The wild scream of the eagle and the

soft notes of the blue-bird are repeated with exactness, upper of which are formed

mock-apple, s. of one piece of leather. It

and with apparently equal facility, while in both force Moccasin.

Bot.: A Canadian name for Echinocystis lobata. and sweetness the mocking-bird will often improve upon is the ordinary foot-cover

the original. The natural notes are bold, rich, and full, ing worn by the North American Indians.

mock-disease, 8. A quasi-disease, caused or ex. and are varied almost without limitation."-Baird 2. Zool.: (MOCCASIN-SNAKE.] aggerated by morbid fancy, as hysteria, &c.

Brewer, and Ridgway: North American Birds. moccasin-snake, 8. *mock-God, 8. A derider of God.

*mocking-stock, 8. A butt for merriment; a Zoology:

"You monsters, scorners, and mock-Gods."-Ward: Ser- laughing-stock. 1. Cenchris piscivorus, of the family Crotalide, mons, p. 100.

“Philip... was taken by the consul; made 8 sometimes called the Water-viper, from its fre- mock-heroic, adj. Burlesquing the heroic in mocking-stock; and sent away prisoner to Rome."quenting marshy places. It is a fish-eating snake, character, action, &c.

Raleigh: Hist. World, bk. v., ch. v., S 7. fāte, făt, färe, amidst, whãt, fâll, father; wē, wět, nëre, camel, hêr, thêre; pine, pit, sire, sir, marîne; go, pot,




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mock-log-ly, adv. (Eng. mocking; -ly.) In a cocoa-nut, is used in pains of the chest. The leaves *mod-er, a. [Lat. moderor=to moderate (q.v.).) mocking, jeering manner; with mockery; jeeringly, of M. integrifolia boiled with butter are used for To moderate, to calm, to quiet. derisively.

piles: the juice is thought to assist labor. (End. "These tydynges somewhat modered dyuers mennes "Let's meete,' quoth Eocho, mockingly."

licher.) Warner: Albion's England, bk. ix., ch. xlv. mo-děc-çě-æ, 8. pl. (Mod. Lat. modecca; Lat. *mock-ish, a. (Eng. mock; -ish.] Mock, sham, fem. pl. adj. suff. -eæ.)

*mod -ēr-a-ble, adj. [Latin moderabilis, from counterfeit,

Bot.: A tribe of Passifloracea. (Treas. of Bot.) modero = to moderate (q. v.).] Temperate, moder

ate. mo-co, 8. (A South American name (?); French mod'-el, *mod-ell, subst. [O. Fr, modelle (Fr. moco: cf. Sp. moco=moldiness.)

*mod -ēr-ance, s. (Lat. moderantia, from modo 200l.. Caria (Kerodon) rupestris, or Kerodon dimin. of modulus=a standard, itself a dimin. of Moderation.

odèle), from Ital. modello, from Lat. *modellus, a

# erans, pr. par. of moderor = to moderate (q. v.).) moco, the Rock Cavy, a South American rodent, robusa measure. Sp. modelo. 1 akin to the guinea pig, but larger. It lives in rocky places in Brazil.

mod-ēr-ant'-igm, 8. (Lat. moderans, pa. par. I. Ordinary Language:

of moderor=to moderate (q. v.); Eng. suff. -ism.]

*1. Originally, as the etymology suggests, a little mód-al, a. (Eng. mod(e); -al; Fr. modale.) Of

Moderation in opinion or measures, especially exemplar; a small sample.

political. or pertaining to a mode or mood; relating to the

“That small model of the barren earth form or mode, not the essence.

mod -ēr-ate, *mod-er-at, a. & 8. (Lat. mod.

Which serves as paste and cover to our bones." modal-proposition, 8.

eratus, pa. par. of moderor=to fix a measure, to Shakesp.: Richard II., iii. 2.

regulate, to control ; modusra measure;Fr. modéré; Logic: A proposition which affirms or denies 2. An imitation; a copy in miniature of something Ital. moderato; Sp. moderado.] with a qualification or limitation. already made or existing.

A. As adjective: mod-al-Ist, s. (Eng. modal; -ist.)

3. A form or pattern in miniature of something to be made on a larger scale; a copy of a particular

1. Of persons: Not going to extremes; keeping Eccles.: One who regards the three Persons of form, shape, or construction intended to be imi:

4. within bounds; temperate; not extreme in practhe Trinity as different modes of being, not as dis- tated.

tice, sentiments, or opinion; as, a moderate eater,

a moderate politician, &c. tinct Persons.

4. An image, a copy, a counterfeit.

2. Of things: mo-dăl'-1-tý, s. (Eng. modal; -ity.]

“My father's signet

.(1) Not carried or pushed to excess; not extreme,

Which was the model of that Danish seal." *1. Ord. Lang.: The quality or state of being

violent, or rigorous.

Shakesp.: Hamlet, v. 2. modal; accidental difference.

"He was himself inclined to a mild and moderate 5. A standard; that by which a thing is meas- policy." -- Macaulay: Hist. Eng. ch. xv. “By their modalities, suppositalities ..

• and twenty ured. other such chimeras.”-south: Sermons, vol. iv., ser. 7.

(2) Of medium or mediocre quantity; not excess. 6. A pattern; an example to be imitated. 2. Philos.: One of the four divisions of tbe Kantian

ive, medium.

“This mother is your model." Categories. It embraces Possibility, Existence, and

"A moderate and beseeming share." Tennyson: Princess, vii. 315.

Milton: Comus, 769. Necessity, with their opposites Impossibility, Non 7. Anything serving or deserving to serve as a (3) Fair, not excessively high. existence, and Contingency. [KANTIAN PHILOSO

pattern ; an example, an exemplar. PHY.)

“What was then considered as the moderate interest of

Tyrconnel. once admired by maids of honor as the eight per cent."--Macaulay: Hist. Eng., ch. XI. mode (1), *mood, *moode, 8. (Fr. mode, from model of manly vigor and beauty.” – Macaulay: Hist. Eng., (4) Not too luxurious or expensive; as, a moder. Lat. modus=a measure, manner, way; cogn. with ch. xvi.

ate table. Gr. mēdos=a plan; mēdomai=to plan.]

8. A system, a plan.

(5) Not too severe, tolerably mild. I. Ordinary Language: “He preferred the episcopal to the synodical model."

“The milde ayre with season moderate." 1. A manner, method, way, or style of doing any. Macaulay: Hist. Eng., ch. xxi.

Spenser: F.Q., II. xii. 51. thing: as, the mode of dressing or speaking.

B. As substantive: II. Art: Every object which the artist proposes 2. Gradation, degree, measure, variety.

Scotch Church Hist. (pl.): A party in the Estab to imitate. The term is used in an absolute senso

lished Church of Scotland, which was dominant "In ample mode,

by the sculptor or painter to express the living A robe of military purple flow'd

in its councils during the greater part of the model, male or female, from which he studies and O'er all his frame." executes a figure. The sculptor also applies the

eighteenth century and the early part of the ninePope: Homer's Odyssey, xix. 262.

teenth. It claimed to avoid extremes of doctrine, term to the original of a work modeled in clay, 3. Fashion, custom; prevailing style. which he intends afterward to execute in marble,

discipline, &c. The germ of moderatism began to 4. A kind of silk.

develop soon after the Revolution Settlement of and also the plaster model from this first figure. II. Technically: The clay model is the work directly from the hand

1689; it was strengthened by the Act of Parliament, of the sculptor, and, properly speaking, is the origi

passed in 1712, reintroducing patronage, of which 1. Gram.: The same as Mood (1), 11.1 (q.v.).

the moderate party ultimately became the warm 2. Logic: The same as MOOD (1), II. 2 (q. v.). nal work, of wbich the marble work is the copy.

defenders, and which they carried out so rigidly as 3. Phil.: The first of the three heads (with two model-wood, s.

sometimes to welcome the aid of military force to divisions, Simple and Mixed) to which Locke re


Bot. duced his Complex Ideas.

settle a presentee on a recalcitrant congregation. Bot.: Nauclea cordifolia.

Some of them were men of literary culture, Princi "Modes I call such complex ideas, which, however com. mod'-el, v. t. & i. (MODEL, 8.]

pal Robertson, author of Charles V., the History of pounded, contain not in them the supposition of subsist. A. Trans.: To plan, form, construct or carry out America, &c., being their leader from about 1751 to ing by themselves, but are considered as dependencies after some model or pattern: to form or construct 1781. In 1796 the General Assembly, under moderate on, or affections of substances; such are the ideas signi.

signi. to serve as a model or pattern; to mold, to shape. fied by the words Triangle, Gratitude, Murther, &c. ...

guidance, declined to take any steps in favor of

“Many a ship that sailed the main Of these Modes there are two sorts. First, there are some

Foreign Missions. From the time of the French which are only variations, or different combinations of

Was modeled o'er and o'er again."

Reign of Terror in 1793, the evangelical party, witu the same simple idea, without the mixture of any other,

Longfellow: Building of the ship.

which the moderates had long been in conflict,

gained yearly an accession of strength, till, on May as a Dozen, a Score, which are nothing but the ideas of B. Intrans.: To make a model or models: to conso many distinct units added together; and these I call struct representations of things in clay, or to take to 138 votes, on a motion giving a certain veto OD

27, 1834, the moderate party was defeated by 184 simple Modes, as being contained within the bounds of casts therefrom as molds for reproductions. one simple idea. There are others com pounded of simple

the settlementof an unacceptable minister (VETO), ideas of several kinds, put together, to make one complex mod'-el-ēr, 8. (English model; -er.] One who and the moderate ascendency was temporarily one; v. 9. Beauty, consisting of certain composition of models; especially one who molds in clay, plaster,

overthrown. During the ten years' conflict, which color and figure, causing delight in the beholder; and or wax.

ended in the disruption of 1813, the moderate party, these I call mixed Modes."-Human Understanding, bk.

in large measure, approved of the action of the ii., ch. xii., SS 4, 5.

"A great proposal-maker and modeler of state."—Wood:

law courts, and when the evangelical party seceded Athena Oxon; Lilbourne. 4. Music: A name given to the ancient Greek

from the Church, they regained their old ascendscales, and also to the old Church-scales founded mod-el-ing, pr. par., a. & 8. (MODEL, v.) ency in the Scottish establishment. Since then their on them, as Dorian mode, Phrygian mode, &c. In A. & B. As pr. par. & particip. adj.: (See the

views have become considerably modified, and at modern music a species of scale, of which two kinds verb.)

their earnest request patronage (q. v.) has been are now recognized, viz., the major-mode and the CAs subst.: The act or art of making models;

abolished. minor mode. A major-mode is that division of the

mod'-er-ate, vt. & i. (Fr. modérer : Ital. mod. octave by which the intervals between the third the act of forming or carrying out after a model: and fourth and between the seventh and eighth are

the art of constructing representations of things in erare, Sp. moderar.] (MODERATE, a.

clay, or of taking casts therefrom, as molds for re- A. Transitive: half-tones, all the other intervals being whole tones. The minor-mode is that division by which the interproductions.

1. To restrain from excess of any kind; to reduce vals between the second and third and the fifth and modeling-board, s. A board used in loam-mold.

from a state of violence, excess, or intensity; to resixth are half-tones. (MAJOR, MINOR.] ing to give shape to the mold.

press, to quiet, to temper, to still.

"To moderate stiff minds disposed to strive." 5. Metaphysics: Form as opposed to matter. modeling-loft, 8. The same as MOLD-LOFT

Spenser: F. Q., IV. ii. 3. mode-book, 8. A fashion-book. (q. v.).

2. To temper, to qualify, to abate, to mitigato. "Her head-dresy cannot be described; it was like noth- modeling-plane, s. A short plane used in plan. “By its astringent quality it moderates the relaxing ing in the mode-book or out of it."- Mrs. Wood: East ing rounding surfaces. It has a length of from 1 quality of warm water."--Arbuthnot: On Aliments. Lynne, ch. vii.

inch to 5 inches, a width of from { inch to 2 inches. 3. To decide as a moderator. mode (2), 8. (MOOD (2), A.) The irons are fron y inch to 11 inches wide.

B. Intransitive: *mõde, v. i. [MODE (1), s.) To follow the mode *mod'-el-ize, v. t. [Eng. model; -ize.) To form 1. To become less violent, intense, fierce, barsh, or fashion; to be fashionable.

or model after a pattern; to give shape to; to mold. or severe; to abate; to quiet or settle down. “He could not mode it with the Italians."-Fuller: “Which some silly saints and devout bunglers will un

“When his profit moderated Worthies, ii. 888. dertake to manage and modelize."--Gauden: Tears of the

The fury of his heart abated." mo-děc-ca, 8. [Latinized from the East Indian Church, p. 426.

Butler: Hudibras, iii. 2. name. me Mo-děn-ēşe, a. & s. [See def.)

2. To preside as a moderator. Bot. A genus of Papayaceæ, according to Lind.

To moderate in a call : ley : by others considered a genus of Passifloracere.

aces A. As adj.: Of or belonging to Modena, or its in- Presbyterianism: To be moderator, that is, to preModecca palmata, a plant like bryony, grows in babitants.

side, at a meeting of a Presbyterian congregation, tropical Asia. The root, rubbed down with oily, is B. As subst.: A native or inbabitant of Modena; summoned by direction of the Presbytery to cal a a corroborant, and, mixed with the milk of the as a plural, the inhabitants of Modena.

minister. boll, boy; pout, jowl; cat, cell, chorus, chin, bench; go, gem; thin, this; sin, aş; expect, Xenophon, exist. ph = £

amel while

e, declined From the Angelical parten Act,

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