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mēa'-gēr-19, mēa'-gre-1ğ (gre as gēr), adverb. Dangerfield was prepared to swear were found in mean-born, a. Of low or humble birth.
Eng. meagerly.) ln a meager or poor manner; the meal-tub belonging to a Mrs. Cellier, one of his “Inguire me out some mean-born gentleman,
poorly, feebly, thinly, sparsely.
friends. Ultimately he confessed his crime, was

Whom I will marry straight to Clarence's danghter." O physick's power, which (some say hath restrain'd whipped, and condemned to stand in the pillory.

Shakesp.: Richard III., iv. 2. Approach of death, alas! thou helpest meagerly." On January 1, 1685, he was mortally injured by a

mean-spirited, a. Spiritless; destitute of honor sidney: Arcadia, iv. lawyer named Robert Frances, for which the assail.

or principle. mēa'-gēr-něss, mēa'-gre-něss (gre as gēr), 8. ant was executed.

He was at best a mean-spirited coward."- Macaulay: (Eng. meager; -ness.]

meal-worm, s.

Hist. Eng. ch. xvii. 1. The quality or state of being meager or thin; Entom.: A popularname for the larva of Tenebrio mēan (2), *meane, *mene (2), a. & 8. (O. Fr. leanness, thinness; want or absence of flesh. molitor, a coleopterous insect allied to Blaps, but meien (Fr. moyen), 'from Lat. medianus, from “Many a burning sun has ... stampt a meagerness possessing wings and wing-covers. The perfect in medius=middle; Sp. & Port. mediano; Ital, mezUpon my figure."

sect is pitchy or dark chestnut in color, about half zano.)
Beaum. & Flet.: Island Princess, iv. 1.
an inch long, with short, eleven-jointed antennæ,

A. As adjective:
2. Poorness, barrenness; want of fertility or rich. and stout legs. The larva is about an inch long,
ness.

thin and round, ocherous, with bright, rusty bands, I. Ordinary Language: 3. Scantiness, insignificance, poorness.

six small feet, and two very small antennæ. T. ob- 1. Occupying a middle place or position; moder " But Poynings (the better to make compensation of Joe scurus is most common in American flour.

ate, middle; not excessive.' the meagernesse of his service in the warres, by acts of *mēal, v. t. [MEAL (1), s.)

2. Intervening; as, in the mean time, in the mean peace) called a parliament."-Bacon: Henry VII., p. 138. 1. To grind into meal; to reduce to powder, to whi

dor to while *mēak, *mēake, s. [A. S. mecera sword.] A pulverize..

II. Technically: hook with a long handle.

2. To sprinkle with meal; to mix meal witb.

1. Math.: Having a value intermediate between A meake for the pease, and to swing up the brake." 3. To sprinkle, to taint.

two extremes, or between the several successive Tusser: Husbandry.

“Were he mealed

With that which he corrects, then were he tyrannong," values of a variable quantity during one cycle of -meal, *-mele, suff. [A. S. mælum; dat. pl. of

variation.

Shakesp.: Measure for Measure, iv. 2. mál, a portion.] A suffix denoting division into

*2. Music: The name formerly given to the tenor portions or parts; as, limb-meal = limb by limb,

mēaled, pa. par. or a. (MEAL, v.]

part as being the mean in pitch between the bass parcel-meal=bit by bit, piece-meal=piece by piece. mealed-powder, 8. Gunpowder pulverized by and treble. The middle strings of instruments were (MEAL (1), s.) treating with alcohol.

also called mean. mēal (1), *mele (1), s. [A. S. mdél=(1) time, (2) mēal'-ēr, 8. (Eng: meal, v.; -er.) A wooden rub. B. As substantive: a portion of food; cogn. with Dut. maal=(1) time, ber for mealing powder.

I. Ordinary Language: (2) a meal; Icel. mál=(1) a measure, (2) time, (3) a mēal-ieş, 8. pl. (MEALY.] A name given in 1. That which is intermediate or bas a valne meal; Dan. maal=measure, dimension; maaltid= South Africa to maize, or Indian corn.

intermediate between two extremes; the middle (mealtime) a meal; Sw. mål=measure, the size, The word came into prominence in English rate, degree, or point of place; absence of extremes meal; Goth, mel=time, season; Ger. mahl=a meal; speaking countries from being used in newspapers or excess; mediocrity, moderation. mal=a time. From the same root as mete, v.] A in connection with the Zulu war of 1879. portion of food taken at one of the regular or cus

"The mean is the vertue, and not to go too far in this, tomary times of eating: a repast; an occasion of

mēal-1-něss, 8. [Eng. mealy; -ness.)

as in all other things besides, it is the best."-Northa taking food. (-MEAL, suf.)

1. The quality or state of being mealy, or like? "A rude and hasty meal was set before the numerous meal.

2. Intervening time; the mean time; the mean guests." -Macaulay: Hist. Eng. ch. xiii.

2. The quality or state of being mealy-mouthed. season. meal-time, *meal-tide, 8. The ordinary or mēal-ỹ, *mēal-1ě, a. (Eng. meal (2), s.; -y.) “In the meane vouchsafe her honorable toombe." customary time of taking food. I. Ordinary Language:

Spenser: F.Q., II. i. 58 The morrow came, and nighen gan the time

1. Having the qualities of meal: resembling 3. A mediator, a medium, a go-between. Of meal-tide.

4. That which is used to effect an object; the Chaucer: Troilus and Cresseide. bk. ii. meal; soft, friable, and dry to the touch or taste.

medium through which anything is done or carried

"The mealy parts of plants dissolved in water make too mēal (2), *mele (2), 8. [A. S. melo, melu (genit.,

out; a measure or measures employed for the carry. viscid an aliment."-Arbuthnot: On Aliments. melewes); cogn. with Dut. meel; Icel, mjöl, mél;

ing out of an object; agency, medium, instrumenDan. meel; Sw. mjöl ; Ger. mehl, from the root mal,

1. 2. Covered or besprinkled with any substance tality. (Generally used in the plural.) seen in Icel. mala, Goth. malan, 0, H. Ger. malan= resembling meal.

"God intends repentance to be the means to purify the to grind; Wel. malu, Lat. mola, Eng. mill.)

“The finest Sunday that the autumn saw,

heart from that corruption."-South: Sermons, vol. i.., 1. The edible portion of grain, as of wheat, oats,

With all its mealy clusters of ripe nuts."

ser. 7. rye, barley, pease, pulse of various sorts, &c.,

Wordsworth: The Brothers.

5. (Pl.): Revenue, resources, income, substance,

3. Mealy-mouthed. ground into a fine powder or flour. Fifteen ponnds

estate. of oat-grain yield eight of meal. II. Bot.: Covered with a white scurfy substance,

"Fortune made sad havoc of my means." 2. Any powdery substance resembling meal or farinose; as the leaves of Primula farinosa, and

Shakesp.: Much Ado about Nothing, iv. L. flour. of some poplars.

*6. A plan, a method. meal-ark, 8. A chest or box for holding meal mealy-bug, 8.

“ Tell me some good mean how I may undertake a jour meal-beetle, s.

Entom.: Coccus adonidum, an insect very injurious ney." --Shakesp.: Two Gentlemen of Verona, ii. 7. Entom.: Tenebrio molitor, the larva of which is to pineapples and other exotics. It is reddish, and the meal-worm (q. V.).

*7. An opportunity; power, liberty. covered with a white powdery substance. (Coccus.] meal-berry, s. mealy-mouthed, a. Unwilling to tell the truth

“Let me have open means to come to them." in plain language; soft-mouthed ; indisposed or

Shakesp.: Richard III., iv, 2

II. Technically: Bot.: Arctostaphylos uva ursi.

afraid to speak frankly, openly, and freely. meal-house, *meale-house, 8. A place where "She was a fool to be mealy-mouthed where ncture

tre 1. Math.: The mean of two quantities is a quan. meal is stored. speaks so plain." -L'Estrange.

tity lying between them and connected with them by "The pastire, meale-house, and the rooms

some mathematical law. mealy-mouthedness, 8. The quality or state of Whereas the coles do ly."

(1) (ARITHMETICAL-MEAN.] Breton; Forte of Fansie, p. 16. being mealy-mouthed.

(2) The geometrical mean of two quantities is the meal-man, 8. One who deals in meal. mealy-redpole, s.

square root of their product: thus, the geome rical

mean of 2 and 8 is

Ornith.: Linota canescens. [LINOTA.) meal-monger, s. A meal-man.

16=4. The greater of the given mealy-tree, s.

quantities is as many times greater than the mean, meal-moth, 8.

Bot.. Viburnum lantana.

as the mean is greater than the less quantity. Entomology:

[PROGRESSION.) 1. Asopia farinalis. [ASOPIA.] The name was mealy-winged, a. Having wings covered with

(3) [HARMONICAL-MEAN.] given because it was believed that the larvæ fed a fine powder.

*2. Music: A term applied to the intermediate upon meal; this, however, has not been confirmed. mealy-zeolite, 8.

voice or part; the tenor or alto. The perfect insect is common from July to Septem Min.: The German mehl-zeolith. Varieties of 1(1) By all means: Certainly, undoubtedly: ber on out-houses, palings, trunks of trees, &c.

natrolite and of mosolite (q. v.), consisting of ex- without fail or hesitation. 2. Pyralis farinalis, a small, brightly-variegated ceedingly fine interlacing or diverging fibers, resem .(2) By any means: In any way; by any plan; posmoth, expanding its wings about an inch. The bling meal.

sibly; at al). larva feeds on flour, corn, &c., in April and May, the mēan (1), *mene (1), a. (A. S. mone=wicked; ;.

(3) By means of: By or through the agency or perfect insect appearing in June. (Stainton.)

allied to mán=iniquity; Dut. gemeen = common,

i instrumentality of. meal-rent. 8. Rent paid in grain or meal.

(4) By no manner of means: By no means; not the vulgar, mean; Icel. meinn=bad, mean; mein=a le

n=a meal-sieve, s. hurt, harm; Dan. meen; Sw. men = hurt, injury; 400

least.

(5) By no means: On no account; not at all; not Domestic: A sieve for sifting corn-meal and flour. M: H: Ger. mein=false, a falsehood. 1 1. Common, low, vulgar; low in rank or dignity;

in any degree. to remove portions of hulls from the former, lumps; o inferior, insignificant, humble.

t mean-clef, s. and weevils from the latter. The frame which ro

"Meaner things, whom instinct leads, tates above the surface of the sieve is journaled in

Music: The clef on which the music for the mean Are rarely known to stray."

Cowper: Doves. a frame attached by a clamp and set-screw to the

or intermediate parts, tenor and alto, was written. edge of the sieve.

2. Of little value or account; low in estimation, It is now very little used. moh meal-tub. 8. A large tub or barrel for holding Alore than hannal fobole despicable.

mean-day, 8. [DAY.]

"I am a man which am a Jew of Tarsus, & city in Cul meal.

mean-diameter, s. In gauging, a mean between icia, a citizen of no mean city; and, I beseech thee, suffer Meal-tub Plot:

of the head diameter and the bung diameter. Hist.: A fictitious plot concocted in 1679 by an me to speak unto the people.”—Acts xxi. 29. informer, Dangerfield, with the view of cutting off. 3. Wanting in dignity of mind; abject, servile. mean-distance, s. An arithmetical mean be

tween the greatest and least distances of a planet those who were opposed to the succession of James degenerate, spiritless, petty, low-minded.

from the sun. II. after he had embraced Roman Catholicism.

“Early habits-those false links which bind Dangerfield also intended to make money by his

At times the loftiest to the meanest mind."

mean-moon, s. revelations. It was the year after the infamous

Byron: A Sketch. Astron.: A hypothetical moon supposed to pass Titus Oates had sworn to a Roman Catholic plot 4. Base, shameful, dishonorable, disgraceful, des through her orbit with a uniform motion through quite as fictitious. The false charges to which picablo, slavish.

out. fate, făt, färe, amidst, whãt, fall, father; wē, wět, hëre, camel, hēr, thêre; pine, pit, sire, sir, marine; gó, pot,

measurably

mean-motion

2657 mean-motion, s. (MOTION, s.)

mě-ăn-droŭs, *mæ-n-drðus, mě-an-drý, mëar (2), 8. (MERE.) A bound, a boundary, a mean-noon, s.

a. [Eng. méander; -ous, -y.] Meandering, winding, limit. Astron.: The time when the mean-sun (q. v.) twisting.

mëar (3), 8. [MARE.) A mare. (Scotch.) would reach the meridian. mēan-ing, pr. par., a.& 8. (MEAN (1), v.]

“It's a red half-guinea to him every time he munts his mean-proportional, 8.

A. As pr. par.: (See the verb.)

mear."-Scott: Antiquary, ch. xv. Math.: The second of any three quantities in con. B. As adj.: Full of meaning or import; significant, *mëar, *mëare, v. t. [MEAR (2), s.) To bound, tinued proportion. suggestive; as, a meaning look.

to divide. mean-sun, 8. C. As substantive:

"When that brave honour of the Latine name

Which mear'd her rule with Africa." Astron.: A hypothetical sun assumed to move 1. That which is meant, designed, or intended in

Spenser: Ruines of Rome. through the sky at a uniform rate.

the mind; that which is in view or contemplation; *mëare, a. (MERE.)

object, design, purpose, intent, aim. mean-time, 8.

2. That which is intended to be conveyed, signi. *mēarg'-mạn, *mëreş'-man, 8. [Eng. mear (2), Astron. & Hor.: Time as measured by a perfect filed. denoted. or understood by acts or language: S., and man.] One who has charge of or points out clock moving at a uniform rate, such as would be the

the sense, signification, or import of words: signifi- boundaries. if all the days of the year were of a uniform length. cance, force.

mēaşe (1), 8. [Perhaps a corruption from mecsIt is distinguished from apparent time as meas. ured by the sun or sidereal time as measured by the moan-ing-lěss, a. (Eng. meaning; -less.] Desti. ure (q. v.).] A measure of herrings, 500 in number. stars.

tute of meaning; having no senso or meaning. *mēaşe (2), *meese, *meyse, s. (O. Fr. metz.) mēan (1), *mene (1), *men-en, v. t. & i. [A. S. mēan-Ing-lěss-něss, 8. [English meaningless ; A messuage. mcénan=to intend; cogn. with Dut. meenen=to -ness.), The quality or state of being meaningless, meaş'-le (1) (le as el. *meselle, 8. (MESEL.] think, to believe, to fancy, to mean; Dan, mene=to or without an object. mean, to think; Sw. mena=to mean, to think; Ger.

*mēaş'-le (2) (le as el), 8. [MEASLES.]

mēan-ing-lì, adv. [Eng. meaning; -ly. meinen : 0. H. Ger. meinjan=to think upon, to meaning manner; with meaning or signincance; infect with measles.

In a *mēas'-le (le as el), v.t. (MEASLE (2), s.] To mean, to signify; M. H. Ger. meine; O. H. Ġer.

significantly. meina=thonght, signification. Froin the same root

e

mēan'-låg-nēss, s. (English meaning; -ness.] as mind (q. v.).]

English meaning: meest mēaş'-led (led as eld), a. (Eng. measl(e); -ed.) Significance.

Infected with measles; measly. A. Transitive:

mēaş'-led-něss (led as eld), 8. (Eng. measled; 1. To have in the mind, view, or intention; to , mēan'-lėss, a. [Eng. mean, v.; -less.) Meaning.

•ness.) The quality or state of being measled or intend, to purpose, to signify; to desire or intend to less. convey or denote.

To viewless harpings weave the meanless dance." measly; measliness. "Your children shall say unto you, What mean ye by

Poetry of the Anti-Jacobin, p. 126. mēaş'-les (les as elg), 8. [Dut. mazelen; Dan. this service ?"--Exodus xii. 26.

mean-1ỹ, *meane-liche, *mene-liche, mæne- meslinger; Sw. messling; Ger. masern, pl. of maser 2. To purpose, to design, to intend. like, a. & adv. [Eng. mean; -ly.]

=a spot, a speckle, specially one on the skin; 0. H. “No man means evil but the devil."-Shakesp.: Merry A. As adj.: Humble, poor, mean.

Ger. masa, masar, masor, maser.)

Pathology: Wives of Windsor, v. 2.

B. As adverb: 3. To be intended to signify, convey, or denote; to

1. Human: An infectious disease, called also *1. Moderately; in a moderate manner or degree; rubeola, most frequently attacking children, aldenote, to signify, to import, to indicate. not excessively.

though sometimes occurring in old age, as in the “We wot not what it [submission) means."

"In the reign of Domitian. poetry was but meanlu cul. case of George I11. and of Otho, ex-king of Greece. Shakesp.: Henry VI., Pt. I., vi. 7. B. Intransitive:

tivated, but painting eminently flourished."- Dryden, who died of this affection. The period of incuba. Dufresnoy.

tion is about eight days, when the rash appears, 1. To purpose, to intend; to have in the mind or

2. Without dignity or rank; humbly, lowlily.

accompanied by catarrh, watery eyes, acrid watery view.

discharge from the nose, sneezing, and often pain 2. To imply: to wish to convey or declare; to “His daughter have I meanly matched in marriage."

in the forehead, with, occasionally, bleeding at the bave a meaning.

Shakesp: Richard III., iv. 3.

nose. The bronchi are frequently affected, this *3. To think; to have the power of thought. .3. Poorly, shabbily.

forming the chief danger. The spots are small ced, "And he who now to sense, now nonsense leaning,

"The heaven-born child,

papular, and crescent-shaped, commencing on the Means not, but blunders round about a meaning."

All meanly wrapped, in the rude manger lies."

face and passing downward, disappearing in the

Milton: Ode on the Nativity.
Pope: Prol. to Satires, 186.

same order. The old-fashioned romedy is saffron. 4. To have a mind. disposition, or intention; as, 4. Without dignity or greatness of mind, without tea, but the chief necessity is to ward off any respi. to mean well.

honor or principle; disparagingly; as, He acted ratory mischief, or to combat it when present. A *mean (2), *mene (2), v. i. &t. (Moan, v.) very meanly.

form of measles known as rotheln, or German meas.

5. In a sordid or niggardly manner; sordidly. les, is distinct from measles or from scarlatina, Mě-an-dēr, s. (Lat. Mæander, Meandrus, from 6. Without respect; disrespectfully; as, to speak with which it has often been confounded. Gr. Maiandros=the name of a river in Phrygia, meanly of a person.

The remarkable for its circuitous course.)

eruption lasts longer, never less than four or five mēan'-něss, 8. [Eng. mean, a.; -ness.]

days, sometimes eight or ten, and differs slightly I. Ordinary Language: 1. Lit.: A winding or circuitous course; intricate

from that of measles or scarlatina. It is usually a 1. Want of dignity or rank; low state; humble

very mild disease, requiring only an aperientsaline. windings and turnings; a maze, a labyrinth.

ness.
"This wonderful Almighty person ... had not so

with liquid food, and keeping in bed for a few days. 2. Fig.: An intricacy, a maze; anything resemmuch in the same world, as where to lay his head, by

"From whence they start up chosen vessels, bling a labyrinth. reason of the meanness of his condition."-South: Ser.

Made by contact, as men get measles." II. Art: A peculiar style of ornamental design, in mons, vol. iv., ser. 10.

Butler: Hudibras, i.

2. Of the Lower Mammalia:

2. Want of dignity or elevation of mind: want of rating vases, and is also sometimes met with in

(1) Of the Pig: What is known as measles in pigs high spirit; lowness or dishonorableness of mind. architecture.

is really the effects of a cystic worm, Cysticercus cel

«"That meanness which marked them out as fit imple- lulose. mě-ăn-dőr, v. t. & i. (MEANDER, 8.] ments of tryanny.”-Macaulay: Hist. Eng., ch. iv.

(2) Of the Ox: The presence of a cystic worm, *A. Trans.: To wind, turn, or flow over or round; to traverse in a winding or circuitous course; to

3. Mean, low, or dishonorable thoughts or actions. which, when eaten by man, develops into Tania wander over.

mediocanellata.
Lives there a man so dead to fame, who dares
To think such meanness, or the thought declares"

cht declares B. Intrans.: To move, flow, or advance in a cir.

3. Hort.: A popular name vaguely used for any

Pope: Homer': Iliad, xiv. 103. diseases of trees characterized by the appearance of cuitous or serpentine manner; to have a serpentine or intricate course.

4. Want of excellence of any kind; poorness, in- spots on the stem.
"Pierce my vein,
feriority.

"Fruit-bearers are often infected with the measles, by Take of the crimson stream meandering there,

"This figure is of a later date. by the meanness of the being scorched with the sun."- Mortimer: Husbandry. And catechise it well." Couper: Task, iii. 202. workmanship."-Addison: On Italy.

mēaş -19, a. (Eng. measl(e); -y.] Infected with *mě-an-dēred, *mě-ăn'-dred (dred as dērd), 5. Sordidness, niggardliness.

the measles; measled. a. (Eng. meander; •ed.] Formed or moving in *mēan-ðr, s. (DEMEANOR.] Behavior, demeanor.

"If a portion of measly pork be eaten by a man, then meanders or intricate windings.

the soolex will develop itself into a tapeworm." -Nichole "As if his meanor ... were not a little culpable." "Of whose meandred ways

son: Zoology (1878), p. 220. -Hacket: Life of Williams, i. 108. And labyrinth-like turns (as in the moors she strays)

*mea-son-due, 8. (A corruption of Fr. maison méanş, 8. pl. (MEAN, 8., I. 4, 5.) She first received her name."

de Dieu=a house of God.] A monastery; a religi. Drayton: Polyolbion, s. 12. měant, pret. & pa. par. of v. [MEAN, V.,

ous house or hospital. (89 Eliz., c. 5.) mě-ăn-dri-an, adj. (English meander; -ian.)

lo! mēan -time, adv. & 8. (Eng. mean (2), a., and měas -ūr-a-ble (s as zh), *mes-ar-a-ble, adj. Winding, meandering, intricate, serpentine; full of time.

[Fr. & Sp. mesurable; Ital. misurabile.] meanders.

A. As adv.: In the intervening time; in or during 1. Moderate; not in or done to excess.. mě-n-dri-na, s. (Lat. meandrus, genit. mean the interval; meanwhile.

*2. Not acting or living to excess; moderato. d(ri): neut. pl. adj. suff. -ina.)

"Meantime. kind Wycliffe, wilt thon try!

"of his diete measurable was he." 1. Zoology: Brain-coral, Brain-stone; a tropical genug of Madreporia (9.v.). Increase is effected by

Scott: Rokeby, v. 12..

Chauoer: C. T., 487.

3. Capable of being measured or computed. dission, the coral-structure becoming massive by B. As subst.: An intervening time, an interval.

"God's eternal duration is permanent and invisible, the union of several rows or tufts of corallites “The Lords had, in the meantime, discussed several not measurable by time and motion."-Bentley: Sermons. throughout the whole or a portion of their height, important questions.”—Macaulay: Hist. Eng. ch. iv. calicine region of the combined corallites wind- mēan'-while, adv. & 8. [Eng. mean (2), a., and

meas'-ūr-a-ble-něss (meas as mězh), 8. [Eng. ing in such a manner as to suggest the resemblance while.

measureable, ness.] The quality or state of being

measurable or computable. to the convolutions of tbe brain, to which the popu.

A. As adv.: In the interval; in the meantime; lar name has reference.

měas -ũr-a-blğ (s as zh) *mes-ur-a-bly, adu 2. Palæont.: Principally from the Oolitic forma. meantime.

[Eng. measurab(le); •ly.) tion.

“The enemy meanwhile had made his way up the pass." 1. In a measurable manner or degree; moderately,

-Macaulay: Hist. Eng. ch. xiii. mě-an-drine, adj. (MEANDRINA.] Resembling

not excessively; not to excess. the genus Meandrină in its characteristic growth. B. As subst.: The meantime. (Used only in the

“Wine measurably drunk, and in season, bringeth "By this serial growth the corallam becomes gyrate or phrase, in the meanwhile.)

gladness to the heart."-Ecclus. xxxi. 28. meandrine."-Encye. Brit. (ed. 9th), vi. 873.

mëar (1), s. (MERE.] A pool, a mere.

2. So as to bo measurable or computable. boll, boy; pout, Jowl; cat, çell, chorus, chin, bench; go, gem; thin, this; sin, aş; expect, Xenophon, exist. ph = £

167

measure

2658

measurement-goods

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furlong.

of this length Tench law tham puted, an

měas -ūre, *měs -ūre (s as zh), 8. (Fr. mes- to lead; an act, a step, or proceeding designed for A. Transitive: ure from Latin mensura=measure, fem. sing. of the accomplishment of an object; as, wise measures, 1. To compute, determine, or ascertain the meas mensurus, fut. par. of metior=to measure; Sp. prudent measures, &c.

urement, extent, quantity. dimensions, area, or mesura; Itak misura.]

15. A law, a statute, an act of Parliament.

capacity of by reference to a certain standard or I. Ordinary Language:

II. Technically:

rule; as, to measure distance, to measure the 1. The act of measuring,

1. Geol. (pl.): A series of beds, strata: the word capacity of a cask, to measure the degree of heat or 2. The extent of anything in any one or more of occurs chiefly in the term coal-measures.

cold, to measure the height of a man, &c. the three dimensions of length, breadth, and thick. 2. Joinery: Single measure is square on both 2. To serve as the measure of; to serve to express ness; or in circumference, capacity, or other re- sides; double measure molded on both sides; meas- the measurement or dimensions of. spect.

ure and a half molded on one side, square on the3. To estimate by reference to any standard; to other.

judge of the value, extent, magnitude, or greatness "And their windows, and their arches, and their palm

i 3. Math.: The measure of a quantity in its extent, of; to appreciate. trees, were after the measure of the gate that looketh

or its value, in terms of some other quantity of the towards the sea."-Ezekiel xl. 22.

“What thought can measure thee, or tongue same kind, taken as a unit of measure.

Relate thee?"

Milton: P. L., vii. 60%. 3. The several measurements necessary to be

4. Mining: A stratum or bed of coal. taken by a tradesman in order to make an article

4. To take or set apart a certain portion of by 5. Music: of dress; as, to take one's measure for a suit of (1) A zeneral name for a slow and stately dance. measurement, with a

measurement, with a certain standard or rule. clothes, supposod to be like the minuet.

“He measured six measures of barley and laid it on 4. A standard of measurement; a definite unit of

(2) Time, pace.

her."-Ruth iii. 15. capacity or extent, fixed by law or custom, in terms

(3) Rhythm.

5. To allot or distribute by measure; to deal out, of which the relative sizes and capacities of things

(0) The contents of a bar.

to mete. are ascertained and expressed; as, a foot, a yard, a

6. Poetry: The arrangement of the syllables in “With what measure you mete, it shall be measured to mile are measures of length; a pint, a gallon, each line with respect to quantity or accent; you again."-Vatthew vii. 5. measures of capacity; a square foot, a measure of rhythm, meter; as, iambic measure, hexameter 6. To mark out in stated quantities; to apportion. area: acubic foot, a measure of volume, &c. measure.

“What thou seest is that portion of eternity called 7. Print.: The space in a composing-stick be-, TABLE OF MEASURES. tween the end and the slide; the length of a line,

time, measured out by the sun." -Addison: Spectator, LINEAL MEASURE.

No. 159. and so the width of a column or of a page of type. 12 inches.....

make 1 foot.

T (1) Lineal measure: The measure of lines or *7. To adjast, to proportion, to accommodate. 3 feet .....

1 yard.

distances: the standard unit of lineal measure in "All start at once: Oileus led the race; 54 yards, or 16% feet.......

1 rod.
this country and in England is the yard. The sys-

The next Ulysses, measuring pace with pace." 4 rods.............

1 chain.
tem is based upon the law of nature that the force

Pope: Homer's Iliad, immii. 888 10 chains, or 40 rods ... 8 turlongs, or 5,280 feet.....

1 mile.

of gravity is constant at the same point of the *8. To keep within measure or bounds; to moder

earth's surface, and consequently that the length ate, tu restrain. SQUARE OR SURFACE MEASURE.

of a pendulum which oscillates a certain number *9. To consider; to take into consideration or 144 square inches.

...make 1 square foot of times in a given period is also constant. It is thought. 9 square feet......

1 square yard.

reed by the law that the 80% square yards.. 1 square rod.

15$ part of the length of a single-second pendulum

“He comes o'er us with our wilder days, 16 square rods..... 1 square chain.

Not measuring what use we made of them in a vacuum at the Tower of London shall be re10 square chains... 1 acre.

Shakesp.: Henry 7, 12 640 acres ...........

«

garded as the standard English foot, and from this,
1 square mile.
by multiplication and division, the entire system of

*10. To pass over, to traverse, to travel.
CUBIO MEASURE.

lineal measures is established. The French system “What seas they measured, and what fields they 1728 eubio inches ........make 1 eubio foot. of measures is founded upon the leng 'h of an arc of

fought."

Pope: Homer's Nicd, xiv. 1 27 eubio feet.... 1 cubie yard.

the meridian. By, a very minute survey of the B. Intransitive: 230 cubie inches ....

1 standard gallon (U.S.). length of an are of the meridian from Du 2160. 49 eubio inches.... 1 standard bushel (U.S.).

1. To take a measure or measurements. Barcelona, the latitude of both places being deter50 cu. ft. round timber. 1 ton.

12. To result, or turn out on measurement; &s mined by exact observation, the length of a quad40 cu. ft. hewn timber. 1 ton.

This will measure well. rant of the meridian was computed, and it has been 40 e. ft. shippi'g timber 1 ton. decreed by French law that the ten-millionth part

3. To be in extent or quantity; as, The tree seas 16 cubie feet .... 1 cord foot.

ures five feet in diameter. 8 cord ft., or 1:28 cu. ft.

cord of wood.
of this length shall be regarded as a standard French

(1) To measure one's length: To fall, lie, or be 16% eubio feet .........

1 perch of stone.
mover, at from this by multiplication and divis.

thrown down. 36 bu., or 67% cu. ft..... " 1 chaldron (for coal, etc.). ion, the entire system of linear measures has been

(2) To measure strength: To determine superiority established. SURVEYOR'S MEASURE.

by contest; to engage in a contest.

(2) Init f measure: A given quantity, used as 7.92 inches... .....make 1 link. a standard of comparison in measuring a quantity

"The factions which divided the Prince's camp had a 100 links, or 22 yards....

I chain.

of the same kind. Every kind of quantity has its opportunity, of measuring their strength"-Wacoviaz: 80 chains....

1 statute mile. 69.121 miles..

1 geographical degree.

own unit of measure, and under different circum. Hist. Eng. ch. II.

stances, the same kind of quantity may have differ (3) To measure swords: To fight with swords. CLOTH MEASURE

ent units of measure. 2X inches..

*měas -ũre-a-ble (s as zh), a. (MEASTRABLE) ......make 1 nail.

(3) Line of measures: The line of intersection of nails......

1 quarter. the primitive plane, with a plane passing through měaş -üred (s as zh), *mes-ured, pa. par.&c 4 quarters..

1 yard.

xis of the primitive circle and the axis of the MEASURE, a. 3 quarters...

lell Flemish. circle to be projected. 6 quarters.... 1 ell English,

A. As da. par.: (See the verb.) • 6 quarters...

() Measure of angles: The right angle being 1 ell French.

taken as the angular unit, its subdivisions are de B. As udjective: 5. The quantity measured by or contained in such grees, minutes. and seconds. The right angle con grees, minutes, and seconds. The right angle con1. Computed, ascertained, determined, or set oa

C ontod anontained a standard of measurement.

tains ninety degrees, the degree sixty minutes, and by measurement or a rule. "A measnre of wheat for a penny, and three measures the minute sixty seconds. All smaller fractions are

“The rest, no portion lett of barley for a penny."-Revelation vi. 6. expressed decimally in terms of the second. The

That may disgrace his art, or disappoias French have proposed to divide the right angle into 6. An estimate or estimation.

Large expectation, he disposes nea: 100 equal parts, called grades, but the suggestion

At measured distances." Korper rask tii “He might take a measure of his own judgments, so has not been extensively adopted.

2. Deliberate and uniform; steady, slne, sot bare curiously he had set this counterfeit."-Shakesp.: All's (5) Measure of a number or quantity:

ried. Well that Ends Well, iv. S. Math.: A number or quantity is said to be a rec

"And the measured tread of the grenadiens 7. An instrument br which the extent or amount measure of another when it is contained in it a cer

Marching down to their boats on the store or capacity is measured or ascertained : & measurtain number of times exactly. 16) Measure of magnification: The measure of

Lengfesum: Laa ing-rod.

ake Arule or standard by which anything is meas. magnitication, or magnifying power of any optical *3. Deliberately stated; certain, indubitabile ured, valued, or estimated.

instrument, is the ratio of the magnitude of the "A positive and measured truth."- Bar ATON

image to the magnitude of the object, or, more of Learning, bk. i. *But unto every one of us is giren grace according to

precisely, the ratio of the apparent diameter of the the messary of the gift of Christ."-Ephesians ir. i.

4. Limited, moderated; kept wiibis boceis or ima se to that of the object. MICROSCOPE, TELE- limits: as, He spoke in no measured iets 9. That which is measured ont, allotted, or as. SCOPE.

5. Arranged rhythmically. signed.

i Measures of merchandise and artificers' tcork: 10. Determined or allotted ertent or length; These vary according to custom and trade: the

"Closing the sense within the west e

Tis hard to fit the reason to the rise limit. yand and its fractions for woren goods; the fathom

Doysen 43rFres. Il Lond, make me to know mine end, and the reason of for mope: the bushel, peck, and gallon for grain my days"-san w 1. and roots; the gallon and its subuirisions for

imeas -dre-lėss (meas as mesh, E . liquids

measure ; less.] Haring no meascr; in: 11. Moderation; just degree or amount. (Now Measure of a ratio: Its logarithm, in any sys.

immeasurable. only used in such phrases as within measure, tem of logarithms, or the exponent of the power to

“ Measureless meadows of sectes beyond measure, &c.) which the ratio is equal, the exponent of some given

Lazer: stans.sk ** There is measure in everything."-Shakesp: Yeol ratio bics assumed as unity. RATIO)

imeas -dre-lěss-něss (meas as est,Eve Adad Nadin, ii. 1

9) M sr of surface: The unit of measurement

me absureles; Res.] The quality or scale wf 5 12 Fall or sufficient quantity. is the square jant. The units erployed in land

measureless.
mesure the perch, rod, and acre q. T.
Ill nerer pause sain.
V m rin noi ani c ctv: Solids are meas -üre-ment is as 22. & HERE.

E TT!! either death halh c eiidese eres of mine

estinated in cubic yanis, fees and inches:17 ment.} Or farine giren me 38 of reverse." Ser : Henry **.,, III., ii. cu n ches make a cubic fout, and cubic feet . The act of measurizz anytkiss: es: cubie yani.

2. The quantity, amouci.oc est: aset 18 Degree, extent: indetinite amount or quantity.

11 Ne vista es un teight: [WEIGHT.)

measuring; area, size, capacity.cccL * The rains were but preparatory in some measure."

měas -üre is as th, *mes-ure, smes-ur-en, measurement-goods, & L e is Tech

r. 1. & i. Fr. ricer, from Lat. Menuro, from are changed freight by tte hoko DISSE 14. Means to an end: anything done as a pioner na = à measure Q. 1.;; Sp. mesurar; Ital. distinguished from beaty goods as ancierged paratery step toward the end to which it is intended fisurare.

by the weight fåte, fãs, färe, amidst, what, fàll, father; wē, vět, bëre, camel, bêr, thêre; pine, pit, sire, sir, varisz; go, por

measurer

2659

mechanical-philosophy

měas ür-or (s as zh), s. [Eng. measur(e); -er.] meat-cutter, 8. A machine for mincing flesh; a artificer. The term is used somewhat loosely, but 1. Ono who or that which measures. sausage-machine.

is always understood as excluding agricultural la. "The world's bright eye, Time's measurer, begun meat-fly, 8.

borers, or such as work with the pick, shovel, spade, Through watery Capricorn his course to run."

or similar tools.
Entom.: A name vaguely applied to various flies
Howell: Letters, p. 7.

1. of the genus Musca, as Muscä сarnaria. M. vomi mechanics'-institute, 8. . An institution for 2. One whose occupation or duty is to measure toria, &c., that deposit their eggs on meat, which providing instruction and recreation to mechanics goods in market.

larve they devour. The analogous name of Flesh- and artizans, by means of reading-rooms, Libraries, 3. One who measures up work on a building, &c., flies is often applied to the dipterous family Mus

es is often applied to the dipterons family. Mus. lectures, classes, &c. as a basis for the contractor's prices or estimate." cidæ.

mě-chăn -1-ca1, a. & 8. (MECHANIC.] měas -ũr-ing (s as zh), *mes-ur-ing, pr. par., meat-hammer, 8. A maul with a notched or

A maul with a notched or A. As adjective: a.& 8. (MEASURE, v.)

ridged face, to pound meat and make it more ten. I. Literally: A. As pr. par.: (See the verb.)

der.

h.

meat-hook, 8. A hook in a larder or on a butchB. As adjective:

1. Pertaining to, depending upon, or in accord. 1. Computing, ascertaining, or determining the er's stall, on which to hang joints of meat.

ance with the principles or laws of mechanics. measurement, capacity, extent, or amount.

“We have also divers mechanical arts, which you have meat-knife, s. A knife the haft of whose blade

le not."-Bacon: New Atlantis, p. 28. passes through the handle, which consists of two 2. Used or adapted for computing or ascertaining

2. Acting by or resulting from weight or momen. pieces known as scales, and secured by rivets. measurements.

tum; as, mechanical pressure. “Behold a man with a measuring line in his hand." meat-offering, s.

3. Pertaining to those changes in bodies in which Lechariah ii. 1.

Judaism: Heb. minchhah=(1) a gift, (2) tribute, they form compounds, without losing their identity measuring-cast, 8. A cast or stroke in a game (3) an unbloody sacrifice offered to God, the word in the compound substance, as opposed to chem. which cannot be distinguished from others without meat being used not as in the English phrase butch. ical; as, a mechanical mixture. measurement.

er's meat, but with a meaning not far from the II. Figuratively:

opposite one. A meat-offering might be of fino ---- and none the rest out-80..

flour with oil poured on it and frankincense put The bar by turns, and none the rest out-go

1. Resembling a machine; asSo far, but that the rest are measuring-casts."

upon it: or of fine flour unleavened and mingled
upon it; or of fine flour unlea veneancon. thirdly, dependence

(1) Acting without thought, consideration, or inWaller. (Todd.)

with oil baked in an oven, in a pan: or. thirdly, dependence of judgment. (Said of persons; as, a firstfruits of dried corn with oil and frankincense. m

of a party.) measuring-chain, 8. (SURVEYOR'S-CHAIN.) In all meat offerings there was salt, but never

(2) Done without thought, intention, or deliber measuring-faucet, 8. A faucet which measures leaven. A memorial portion of every meat-offering ate design, but by mere force of habit; as, a me. including all the frankincense, was consumed by

chanical action or movement. the amount of passing liquid. fire to Jehovah, the rest was eaten by the priests

(3) Characterized by unthinking obedience or measuring-funnel, s. One having graduations and every male descendant of Aaron (Lev. ii. 1-16;

subserviency to external rule or guidance; not to indicate quantity at different degrees of fullness. vi. 14-18).

marked by individuality or freedom of thought. measuring-instrument, 8. An instrument or meat-safe, 8. A safe with perforated zinc or wire ordinary course of things.

(4) Not designed or intended; happening in the apparatus for measuring. gauze front in which to keep meat.

*2. Employed as a mechanic; following the trado measuring-machine, 8. An instrument for as- meat-salesman, 8. One who acts as an agent or occupation of a mechanic. certaining length, or "end measurement," with for breeders of cattle, receiving the carcasses, and

"Is this a holiday! What! know you not, great exactness. selling them retail to the butcher.

Being mechanical, you ought not walk, measuring-pump, 8. A pump in which the pis. , meat-saw, $. A saw resembling a tenon-saw,

Upon a laboring day." ton operates in a chamber of known capacity, a but with a steel or iron back.

shakesp.: Julius Cæsar, 1. 1 train of wheels and dial registering the pulsationsmeat-screen. . A metallic screen placed behind *3. Of mean or low occupation ; vulgar, common, of the piston. roasting meat to reflect the heat of the fire.

base, rude, mean, measuring-rod, measuring-line, measuring- meat-spit, 8. A spit for holding a roasting joint

“Hang him, mechanical enlt-butter rogue! I will stan bar, 8. A rod, line, or bar used for the purpose of while turning in front of the fire.

him out of his wits; I will awe him with my cudgel." measuring bases, &c., in practical trigonometry.

Shakesp.: Merry Wives of Windsor, ii. 2.

meat-tub, 8. A tub for holding pickled meat. To guard against the expansion of the measuring

•B. As subst.: A mechanic. rod by heat and its contraction by cold, it is made *mēat, v. t., [MEAT, 8.] To supply with meat

“A crew of patches, rude mechanicals, of two bars, one of brass and the other of iron, or food; to feed.

That work for brend upon Athenian stalls." united by a crosspiece at the middle, and at either

“Haste then and meat your men."

Shakesp.: Midsummer Night's Dream, iii. 2 end by projecting tongues. As brass expands by

Chapman: Homer's Iliad, aix. 196. 1 (1) Mechanical solution of a problem: Solution heat more than iron in the proportion of five to *mēat'-ěd, *met-ed, a. (Eng. meat; ed.] Fed, by any means not strictly geometrical, as by means three, the projecting tongues are so constituted that foddered."

of a ruler and compasses or other instrument. tbe whole length of one is to that of the part outside

(2) Mechanical theory of cleavage: the bars as five is to three. The metals then so

“Strong oxen and horses, wel shod and wel olad,
Wel meated and used."

Tusser: Husbandry,

Geol.: The theory that many beds have under work against each other that, at all temperatures,

gone compression in a direction perpendicular to

mēat:-1-něss, s. (English meaty; ness.] The the distance between the projecting tongues remains

the planes of cleavage, and a corresponding expan. the same. quality or state of being meaty.

sion in the direction of the dip of the cleavage. measuring-tape, 8. A tape divided into inches mēat'-less, a. (Eng. meat; -less.] Destitute of This hypothesis was brought forward by Mr. D. and fractions, and coiled around an axis in a box; meat.

Sharpe, F.G. S., in 1847, following out the observa. retracted by a spring or winding handle.

mě-à-tůs, 8. (Latin=a passage, going, motion, tions published by Prof. Philips in 1843. In 1853 measuring-wheel, 8. A wheel for measuring or course, from meo=to go, to pass. ]

Mr. Sorby proved the theory to be largely applicable the circumference of a carriage-wheel, in order to Anat.: An opening or canal, as the meatus audi. to the slaty rocks of North Wales and Devonshire. find the length of tire tegnired. A circumferentor. torius, extending from the concha to the tympanum : () Mechanical theory 0 neat: The small wheel has a known circumferential in its lining membrane are found the ceruminous Phys.: The same as DYNAMICAL-THEORY (q. y.). measurement, and is divided into inches and frac

glands, secreting the wax of the ear The meatuses (4) Rocks of mechanical origin: tions. The result is told in numbers of revolutions of the nose are passages between the spongy bones Geol.: Rocks composed of mud, sand, or pebbles, and fraction of a revolution expressed in inches and the nasal fosse, and in rushing through them laid down by the action of running water, also the mēat. *meate. *mete. 8. CA. S. mete: cogn, with the air deposits its odor on the mucous membrane. accuinulations of stones, scoriæ, &c., thrown out by

* a volcano, and arranged by the action of gravity, Dut. met; lcel. mato; Dan. mad; Sw.'mat; Goth. meatus-knife, s. A small knife with a triangular,

th a triangular, as distinguished from crystalline rocks, which are

concealed blade in a long, thin shaft; used in oper- of chemical origin. (Lyell.) mats; 0. H. Ger. maz.)

1. Originally food of all kinds; food in general; ations in the meatus auditorius, such as obliterate
anything fit for eating, or eaten by men or animals ing structures, opening pustules, scarifying, remov. mechanical-bronchitis, 8.
for nourishment. Horse-meat is still used locally ing polypi, &c.

Pathol.: Bronchitis produced by the inhalation for fodder, and green-meat is a term often applied

I mēat:-ý, a. (English meat: -7.] Abounding in of particles of matter, which irritate the tubes of to edible vegetables, such as lettuces, cresses, &c. meat: resembling meat: fleshy, but not fat.

the air sacs. (Matt. xxiv. 45.)

meaw, meawl, v. i. (Mew, MEWL.) 2. Limited now chiefly to animal food; the flesh

mechanical-broom, subst. A sweeping machine,

usually drawn by horses, and having revolving of animals used as food.

ime-bles, 8. pl. (Fr. meubles.) Movable goods. brooms actuated by the supporting wheels, and "A trencher of meat half raw and half burned."-Ma

Měc-ca, 8. (Arab.)

delivering the dust and mud into the box of the caulay: Hist. Eng. ch. xvi.

Geog.: The sacred city of the Mohammedans.

wagon or into the gutter. 3. The edible portion of anything; as, the meat of an egg.

mechanical-curve, 8. The same as TRANSCENDMecca-balsam, 8. I (1) Meat and drink: Life; perfect enjoyment. Bot.: Balsamodendron opobalsamum.

ENTAL-CURVE (q. v.). (Shakesp: As You Like It, v. 1.)

mě-chăn-ic, *mě-chăn'-ick, *me-chan-icke,

mechanical-dysmenorrhoea, 8. To sit at meat: To sit or recline at a table at *me-chan-ike, a. & 8. [O. Fr. mechanique, mecan. Pathol.: Obstruction to the menstrual discharge. meals.

ique (Fr. mécanique), from Lat. mechanica, from meat-biscuit, 8. A portable, concentrated prep. Gr. mechanikë (technë)=(the science of) mechanics; clock-work lamp, in which the oil is pumped from

mechanical-lamp, 8. Another name for Carcel's aration of meat, pounded, dried, mixed with meal, měchané=a machine; Sp. & Port. mecanico; Ital. a lower reservoir to the wick-tube by means of and baked. meccanico.]

clock-work, so as to furnish a supply exceeding meat-chamber, 8. An apartment between decks *A. As adjective:

that consumed by the wick, the surplus flowing in occan steamships, with a huge tank in the mid- 1. Lit.: Of or pertaining to mechanics: mechan.

back outside of the burner. The object is to afford dle, capable of holding thirty or forty tons of ice icai.

equal and ample supply of oil to the flame. for the purpose of transporting fresh meat to *2. Fig.: Vulgar, common. bare. Europe. "It is a gigantic refrigerator.

mechanical-philosophy, 8. B. As subst.: One who is employed or skilled in Hist. & Philos.: The name given to any theory meat-chopper, 8. A machine for mincing meat the construction of materials, as wood. metal. &c., which seeks to account for the phenomena of the for sausages or for cooking.

into any kind of structure or machine; one who is universe by the movements of elementary bodies. meat-crusher, 8. A pair of rollers for rendering skilled in the use of tools or instruments; an arti. The best example of mechanical-philosophy, either steak tender, one roller having circumferential and zan; a handicraftsman; one who follows a mechan- in ancient or modern times, is the Atomism of Leuthe other longitudinal corrugations.

ical trade for his living; a skilled workman; an cippus, of Democritus, and of Epicurus. holl, boy; póut, jowl; cat, çell, chorus, chin, bench; go, gem; thin, this; sin, ag; expect, Xenophon, exist. ph= £

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