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Vis from southwestern Ausap, v. Bülow). 10.-Nubian

. Hagenbeck). Danish Girl (from a photoQueetan (from a photograph).

VII. POLYNESIANS: 13. Girl from the Tonga Islands of Ethnology, Berlin).-18. Yakut woman from the

(after Godefroy).-14. Dyak from Borneo (after Cheta (after Middendorf).-C. 19. North Am. Indian Dammann).

(after photo).-20. South Am. Indian (after Rohde). MONGOLOIDS: A. 16. Tarantsha-Mongol (after | IX. ESKIMO: 21. Koriak woman (from “ Peoples of Prschewalskij).-16. Kalkas-Mongol woman (after Prs Russia").-22. Eskimo from Greenland (after phochewalskij).-B.17. Chipaman (after Portrait, Museum tograph, Hagenbeck).

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man-mender

•man-mender, a. A ludicrous or contemptuous Damo for a physician or surgeon.

"Whither go all these mm-m nut*- rs, these physicians?"

Beaum. Ftet.: Monsieur Thomas, ii. 1.

"man-mercer, subst. A woolen draper; one who deals by retail in clothes, &c., for male attire. {Eng.)

man-midwife, s, A man who practices obstetrics; an accoucheur. (Byron; Vision of Judgment, lxxvii.)

•man-milliner, a. A male maker of millinery; hence, one who busies himself with trifling or effeminate occupations or embellishments.

"An empty-pated fellow, and as conceited as a man-mil* liner."Theodore Hook; Alt in the Wrong, ch. ii.

man-minded, a. Having the mind or qualities of a man.

""man-monster, s. A monster in the servico of any person.

"My man-mnnster hath drowned his tongue in sack."— Tempest, iii. 2.

'man-mountain, s. A man of gigantic proportions; a giant. (Swift: Gulliver; Lilliput.)

man-of-war, s. An armed ship; a ship of war. [ironclad, Cbciseb.1

Man-of-war bird: [frigate-bird.]

Jfan-o/'trar'a man: A seaman belonging to a ship of war.

man-of-straw, s. A man of no substance, influence, weight, or means; one put forward as a puppet or decoy.

man-orchis, a.

Sot.; Aceraa anthropophora. A fanciful rosemblance is pointed out between the tip of this orchis and a man hung by the head. [acebas.]

man-rope, a.

Xaut.: A rope suspended by stanchions on each side of a gangway, and used in ascending or descending a ship's side, hatchways, Ac.

man-shaped, a. Having the external conformation more or less closely resembling that of man. Man-shaped apes:

Zool.: A popular name for the Anthropoid Apes. [anthropoid.]

"In the great order of the Primates, after man, stand the man-shaped, or anthropomorphous apes."Prof. Dun* can, in Cassell's Sat. Hist., i. 6.

man-tiger, a.

Anthrop.: A person credited with having the power of assuming the shape of a tiger at will. The belief that certain individuals have such power is common in India, and the Khouds say that a mankilling tiger is either an incarnation of the Earthgoddess, or a transformed man. [lycanthropy.j

"It-Is thus with the Lavas of Birma, supposed to be the broken-down remains of a cultured race, und dreaded as man-tigers."—Tylor: Prim. Cult. (1873J, i. 113.

man-trap, a. An engine or contrivance for catching trespassers.

man-worship, *. Undue reveronco, respect, or adulation paid to a man; extreme obsequiousness.

man, v. t. [man, S.]

1. To furnish with men; to supply with a sufficient force or complement of men, as for management, service, defense, &c.

•2. To furuish or provide with a man or servant.

"I was never manned with an agate till now."— Shakesp.t Henry IF., Pt. 11., i. 2.

•3. To act or play the husband to.

"Do you think I could man a hussy yet?"—The Coalman's Courtship to the Creel-wife's Daughter, p. 4.

*4. To accustom to man; to tame, as a hawk.
"Another way I have to man my haggard,
To make her come, and know her Keeper's call."

Shakesp.: Taming of the Shrew, iv. 1.

f5. To fortify, to strengthen; to supply with strength for action.

"He mann'ti himself with dauntless air."

Scott. Lady of the Lake, iv. 10.

*6. To brave; to beur or face like a man.

"I must man it out."—Dry den: All for Love, ii. *J To man the yards:

Naut.: To send a sufficient number of men upon the yards to reef or furl the sails; also to range men in astanding position along the tops of the yards, as a mark of respect to some person, or on some memorable occasion.

♦man -a-Dle, a. [Eng. man, s.; -able.} Of age for marriage or a husband; of a marriageable age. "That's woman's ripe age; as full as thou art At one and twenty; she's manable, is she not?"

Beaum. * Ftet.. Maid of the Mill, ii. L

man a ca, s. [Brazilian Portuguese.] Bot.: Franciscea unifiora. [franciscea.]

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man -flL-cle, •man -I-cle, *man-y-cle, s. [Fr.

maniele, from Lat. manicula, dimin. of manica = & long sleevo ... a manacle, from manus—the hand; Ital. manetta; Sp. maniota.} Handcuffs for criminals. The two pieces of metal are hinged together, the upper portion of which is curved so as to fit tho wrist, and the lower portion is straight, except at a point near its outer end, whero it is slightly bent. (The word is seldom usod except in the plural.)

"Knock off his manaclest bring your prisoner to the king."—Shakesp..- Cymbeline, v. 4.

man-a cle, v. f. [manacle.]

1. Lit.: To put manacles or handcuffs on, in order to confine the hands; to shackle, to handcuff, to fetter tho limbs.

"We'll bait thy bears to death, And manacle the bearwurd in their chains."

Shakesp.: Henry VI., Pt. II., v. 1.

2. Fig,: To restrain or confine in any way; to fetter.

man -age (age as ig ■, v. t. & i, [manage, *.]

A. Transitive:

1. To have under direction; to direct, to guide, to conduct, to carry on, to administer, to handle, to transact.

11 Tell the nations, in no vulgar Htrain.

What wars I manage, and what wreaths I gain."

i*r/or: Henry and Emma.

2. To have under control; to be able to guide or direct.

"His dragoons had still to learn how to manage their horses."— Macaulay: Hist. Eng., oh. xiv.

3. To treat; to put to use.

4. To wield; to have under command; to understand the use of.

5. To train in the manege, as a horse; to train generally.

•6. To contrive, to effect, to treat of. "Mark how the genius of a Virgil has managed a war after a Homer."—Mickle: Dissertation on the Lusiad,&c.

*7. To make subservient.

S. To husband; to treat or use with caution or sparingly.

9. To treat with caution or address; to use cautiously or wisely.

B. Intransitive:

1. To carry on, control, or direct affairs.

"Leave them to manage for thee, and to grant
What their unerring wisdom sees thee want."

Dryden; Juvenal, sat. x.

2. To contrive.

■man age (age as Ig), s. [French mailt.ge = the training or management of a horse, from Sp. maneggio=e managing, a handling, a riding school, from »iario=the hand; Lat. manus; Ital. maneggiare~to manage.]

1. The treatment, training, or management of a horse.

"They are fair with their feeding, they are taught their manage, and to that end riders dearly hired. — Shakesp.; As You Like It, I. L

2. Conduct, management, direction, administration.

"Lorenzo, I commit into your hands
The husbandry and manage of my house."

Shakesp.: Merchant of Venice, iii. 4.

3. Treatment.

"Now for the rebels, which stand out in Ireland;
Expedient manage must be made, my liege."

Shakesp..- Richard II., i.4.

man age-a-blV-i-ty4 (age aa Ig), a. [Eng. man> quality or state of beij

manatee

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ageable; -ity.] The qm ageable; tractability.

man age a ble (age as Ig), a. [Eug. manage; •able.]

1. Capable of being managed; easy to be turned or directed toward, or used for its proper purpose.

2. Capable of boing easily managed, governed, or turnod; tractable, docile; as, a manageable child.

3. Easily made subservient to one's views or designs.

man-age-a-ble-ness (age as Ig), s. [English manageable; -ness.~\ The quality or state of being manageable; tractableness, docility.

maft'-age-a-bly4 (age as Ig), adv. [Eng. manageab(le); -ly.] In a manageable manner or degree.

*m&n-age-le'SB (age aslg), a. [Eng. manage; -less.] Incapable of being managed.

man age ment i age as Ig), s. [Eng. manage; -men/.]

1. The act of managing, carrying on, guiding, directing, or conducting; conduct, administration, direction.

"The affairs of men and the management of this sublunary world."—Horstey: Sermons, vol. i., ser. 11.

*2. A negotiation; a treaty, dealing, or transaction.

"He had great managements with eccleslaatickB; in th«> view of being advanced to the pontificate."—Addison: On It'll u.

3. Those who manage, carry on, direct, or conduct any matter, business, undertaking, institution, dec.; tho body of managers or directors collectively.

4. Cunning, art, artifice; skill or prudence; contrivance; skillful conduct.

man'-ag-3r (ag as Ig), a. [Eng. manag{e); -er.]

1. One who has the management, conduct, or direction of any matter, business, undertaking, institution, &c.; a director, a conductor, specif., of a theater.

"Mr. Walpolewas one of the managers on this occasion."—Burke: Appeal from the New to the Old Whigs.

2. One who manages or conducts business witb frugality and economy; a thrifty person; a good economist.

3. A contriver, a schemer.

"An artful manager, that crept between
His friend and shame."

Pope: Ep. to Satires, i.

man-a-ger I-al, a. [Eng. manager; -tai.] Of or pertaining to a manager or management, man -ag-Sr-y1 (ag as Ig), s. [O. Fr. menagerie.'}

1. Management, conduct, direction, administration.

"None were punished for the ill managery and conduct of the expedition."—Baker: Charles I. (an. 1626).

2. Manner of using.

"The ready managery of their weapons."—Decay of Piety.

3. Economy, frugality, husbandry.

"The court of Kome has, in other instances, so well attested its good managery, that it is not credible crowns are conferred gratis."—Decay of Piety.

4. Moral conduct.

man -ag-Ing (ag as Ig), pr. par., a. & a,

[manage, v.J

A. Aspr. par.: (Seethe verb.)

B. Aa adjective:

1. Conductiug, guiding, controlling, or administering.

2. Economical, frugal, contriving, planning.

"Vir Frugi signified, at one and the same time, a sober and managing man, an honest man, and a man of substance."—Goldsmith: The Bee, No. 6.

C. As subst.: The same as Management (q. v.).

"And let the goodness of the managing
Kuse out the blot of foul attaining quite."

Daniel.- Civil War; iv.

man a kin, a. [Old Dut. manneken, a dimin. from man; Fr. mannequin; Ger. mannchen.]

1. Ord. Lang.: A little man, a dwarf, a manikin (q.v.).

"This is a dear manakin to you, 8ir Tobey."—Shakesp.: Twelfth Night, iii. 2.

2. Ornith.: Pipridre, a family of Mesomyodi, containing some sixty species; closely allied to the Tyrants. They are all of small size, somewhat shy in their habits, and are found in the wooded portions of South America.

man-a-tefi , tm&n-a-tl, *man -a-tln, s. [Etym. doubtful. Agassiz says from the native name; McNidoll adopts the etym. given in tho extract, as does Prof. Flower in Encyc. Brit. (ed. 9th), xv. 456.]

ZoOl.: Any individual of the genus Manatua (q.v.), more particularly M. australis (americanus), first discovered by the early Spanish colonists. Br. Haslan was of the opinion that there were two species of Manatus in this country, and the northern form ho named M. latirostria; they are now generally considered as constituting a single species. Desmarest separated tho African Manatee from its American congener, on account of cranial differ encos, not, however, of great importance, and called it M. senegalensis. Manatees are found in the creeks, lagoons, and estuaries of some of the West India islands, on tho American coast, from Florida as far as 20 S., in the great rivers of Brazil, on the coast of Africa from 16° N. to 10" S., and in Lake Tchad. They are slow and inactive, and quite inoffensive; they browse on aquatic, preferably flu via tile, plants in shallow water. Their numbers are rapidly diminishing, as they are hunted for the sake of their skin, the oil they yield, and their flash.

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Manatee.

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manatidse

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mandible

ma-nat -1-dffi, »u6»f. pi. [Mod. Lat. manat(us); Ciat. fern. pi. adj. suff. -idee.]

ZoOl.: Sea-cows; the single family of Illigor's Sirenia, the Herbivorous Cetacea of F. Cuvier. The ManatidgB, however, differ from Whales in many important particulars. The family contains three

Sonera: Halicore, Manatus, and the recently extinct Ihytina.

*man'-a-tln, a. [manatee.]

•mt-ni -tlon, s. [Lnt. manatio, from mano = to flow out.] The act of issuing or flowing out of something else.

man -a-tus, subsl. [Mod. Lat., from manatee

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Zodl.: The typical gonus of the family Manatidae (q. v.). Body pisciform, ending in a shovel-like tail with rounded edges; no traces of hiud limbs, either oxternally or internally; no dorsal fin. The fore limbs are flattened paddles, without traces of fingers, but with threo diminutive flat nails near their extremities. The upper tip is tumid, cloft into two lobes, which aro divaricated to receive food, and contracted to seize it and convey it into the mouth. Eyes and ear-orifice minute. Skin gray, wrinkled, covered with delicate hairs; upper and under-lip setigerous. Two, if not three, species are known. They feod sololy on aquatic vegetation. [manatee.1 2. Palatont.: (See extract.)

"Extinct species of Manatus have been found in the Post-pliocene deposits of Eastern North America from Maryland to Florida."—Wallace: Geog. Distrib. of Animals, ii. 210.

man-a wa, tubtt. [Maori.] The green aromatic resin of Avicennia tomentosa, eaten by the New Zealanders. .

man'-bdte, s. [A. S. man, and bote."] Feudal Law: Compensation paid for the killing of a man; espec, compensation paid to a lord for the killing of his man or vassal, mitt-CI,t. [mancus.]

manche (1), maunch, s. [Fr. manche. from Lat. manica=a long sleeve, from manus=tho hand.]

*1. Ord. Lang.: A sleeve with long, hanging ends to it.

2. Her.: A bearing representing such a sleeve, •manche-present, «. A greedy fellow; a parasite.

man-Ch8 (2),». [Native name.]

Naut.: An East Indian boat used on the Malabar coast. It has masts raking forward and a flat bottom.

Man -chSs-ter, s. [Seedef.] Geog.: A city in the southwest division of Lancashire, England. Manchester-yellow, a.

Chem.: Naphthaline yellow, jaune d'or, Martins yellow. This dye is the calcium or sodium compoundof biuitro-naphthalinicacid (CioHeiNOj^O). It is obtained by adding sodic nitrite to a solution of hydrochlorate of naphthylamine, until all the napht byline has been converted intodiazonaphthol. Manchester-yellow imparts to wool and silk permanent yellow hues, varyiug from lemon-yellow to a deep golden color. It is superior to picric acid dye in not being volatilized by steam.

•manch-St, *mainch-et, s. A a. [Etym. doubtful. Probably connected with Fr. manaer=to eat.]

A. As aubat.: A small loaf of fine bread.

B. Aaadj.: Fine and white. (Said of bread or flour.)

man-chl neeT, a. [Fr. mancenillier. manzanille; Ital. mancinello; Port, muncenilheira; Sp. manzanillo, from manzana=an apple, from malum Matianum, a kind of apple, which tho manchineol resembles.]

Bot.: Hippomane mancinella. a euphorbiacoous tree, forty or fifty feet high, growing on the sandy coasts of the West Indian Islands, Venezuela, Panama, &c. It has ovate or elliptical shining leaves, with small, inconspicuous flowers. It is very poisonous. If a single drop of the white juice fall upon the skin it will cause a wound extremely difficult to heal. The juice of the fruit similarly burns the lips of any one who bites it. Deleterious as it is, its venomous effects have been much exaggerated by credulity. Bignonia leucoxylon is said to be an antidote to the poison.

If Bwtard Manchineel:

Bot.: Cameraria latifolia, one of tho Apocynacew.

Man chod , Man-chu, Man-tchoo , a. [Native name.]

1. A native of Manchooria, a territory belonging to tho Empire of China.

2. The language spoken by the natives of Manchooria.

Man-chu'-rl-an, Mint chu'-rl-an, a. A a. [man--"joo.]

A. Aaadj.: Belonging to or found in Manchooria.

B. A$tubtt.: Tho same as Manchoo (q. v.).
Hanchurlan-crane, a.

Omith.: Grua viridiroatria. It is a favorite bird among tho Chinese, and a considerable number of them are kept in captivity at Pekin- It is one of the commonest subjects chosen by,Chinese artists, and their studies of it are extremely vigorous.

Manchurlan sub-region, *.

Geog. dr Zool.: An interesting and very productive district, corresponding in the east to the Mediterranean sub-region in the West, or rather perhaps to all western temperate Europe, its limits are not very well defined, but it probably includes all Japan; tho Cores and Manchuria to the Amour river, and to the lower slopes of the Khingau and Peling mountains.

man'-cl-nlte, a. [Named by Jacquot after the

Slace where it was stated to havo been found, [ancino; suff. -ite (Min.). (See def.)] Min.: Supposed by Jacquot. to be a trisilicate of zinc, but since shown to be a mixture, and not to havo been found at Manciuo, Livorno, but at Campiglia, Tuscany. Berthier stntes that tho mineral was named after tho family Mancini.

♦man-cl-pite, v.t. [Lat. mancipatua. pr. par. of manetpo=to dispose of, from manceps=ono who acquires anything at an auction: mamc = in the hand, and cnpio=to take.] To enslave, to bind, to fetter, to tio.

•man-cI-pA-tion, s. [manctpate.] The act of mancipating or enslaving; slavery; involuntary servitude.

man -cl pie, a. [O. Fr. mancipe, from Lat. mancijiem, accus. of maneep*t=one who acquires anything at an auction. The I is inserted, as in 8yllable, from Lat. ayllaba, participle, from Lat. participium, Ac] A steward, a purveyor; espec, the steward or purveyorof a college or inn of court. "Their manciple fell dangerously ill,

Bread must be had, their grist went to the mill:

This simkin moderately stole before.

Their steward sick, he robb'd them ten times more."

Betterton: Jollier of Trumpington.

•man -cus, *maft'-ca, «. [A. S. mancus.] The Anglo-Saxon mark, a coin current both in silver and gold. A gold mancus of thirty pence was equal to about $1.87, and the silver mancus, weighing about tho fifth part of an ounce, was about equal to 25 cents.

*mand, ». [Lat. mando=to command, to direct.] A demand; a question.

man-da*-mu.8, *. [ Lat.=we command or direct; 1st pers. pi. pres. indie, of mando=to command or direct.]

Law: A writ issued by a superior court and directed to somo inferior tribunal, or to somo corporation or person exercising public authority, commanding tho performance of some specified duty. (Bouvier.)

•mand -ant, a. [Lat. mandana. pr. par. of mando = to command, to direct.] The same as Mandatos («.».).

man-da-rin', s. [Port, mandarin, from Malay mantri=a counselor, a minister of state, from Sansc. manrri'n=a counselor, from mantra a holy text, a charm, counsel, from man=to think, to mind, to know.1 A general name for a Chinese magistrate, or public official, civil or military.

mandarin-duck,«.

Omith.: Dendroneaaa (ALr) galericulata, a beautifully plumaged species from tho country north of Pekin and the basin of the Southern Amour. It is highly prized in China.

mandarin-orange, t.

Bot.: Citrus nobilit, a variety of Citrut auranHum.

man da-rln', v. t. [mandaetm, «.]

Dyeing: To give an orange color to silk or wool by the action of nitric acid, which partially decomposes tho surface of the fiber.

•man-da-rin'-Sss, *. [Eng. mandarin; -ess.] A female mandarin. (Lamb.)

*man-da-rln'-lc, a. [Eng. mandarin; -fc.] Of or pertaining to a mandarin; befitting a mandarin.

♦man-da-rin'-lsrn, e. [Eng. mandarin; -ism.] Government by mandarins; tho spirit or character of mandarins.

man-da-tar-?, man -da-t8r-y\ «. [Fr. mandataire, from Lat. mandatuvi = a mandate (q. v.); Sp. & Ital. mandatorio.]

I. Ord. Lang.: A person to whom a command, charge, or mandate has been given.

"Sendingtheir mandatory with a musqueteer to Doctor Hammond's lodging."—Fell.- Lift of Hammond, p. viii.

II. Technically:

1. Canon Law: A person to whom the Pope has, by his prerogative, given a mandate or order for nil benefice.

2. Common Law: One who is authorized, and undertakes without a recompense, to do some act for another in respect to the thing bailed to him.

man -date, a. [Fr. mandal, from Lat. mandatum = a charge, order, or command, neut. sing, of mandarin, pa. par. of mando—to command; Sp. A Ital mandato.]

I. Ord. Lang.: An order, a command, a charge, an injunction, a commission.

II. Technically:

1. Canon Law: A rescript of the Pope commanding the ordinary collator to put tho person therein named in possession of the first vacant benefice in his collation.

2. Eng. Law: A judicial charge, command, or commission: abatement of goods without reward, to bo carried from place to place, or to have some act performed about t hem.

3. Scota Law: A contract by which one person employs another to act for him in the management of his affairs, or in some particular department of them, which employment the person accepts, and agrees to act. The person giving it is called the mandant or mandator, and the person undertaking the mandatory.

man da -tSr, t, [Lat., from mandatus, pa. par. of mando—to command, to direct.]

I. Ord. Lang.: A director; one who gives orders or directions.

"A person is said to be a client to his advocate, but a master and a mandator to his proctor."—Aylifft; Pare*, gon.

II. Law:

1. A bailer of goods.

2. A person who deputes another to perform a mandate. [mandate, II. 3.]

man'-da-tSr-J*, a. A s. [Lat. mandatoriua.]

A. At adj.: Containing a mandate, command, precept, or injunction; directory.

"He usurped more than a mandatory nomination of the bishop to be consecrated."—Abp. Vaker.- On Oritinatios*

B. As aubat.: The same as Mandatabt (q. v.).

man-del -a-mide, s. [English mandeUic), and amidv.]

CsBVCHOH

Organic Chemistry: Cshtovnho^

Conhj.

Obtained by heat ing to ISO' in a sealed tribe, a mixture of benzoic aldehyde, hydrogen cyanide, and water. It crystallizes in rhombic or hexagonal tables, soluble in water and boiling alcohol, slightly soluble in ether, and melts at 131'". Heated with baryta water to 186 , it is converted into be mandelato (CjHjO^jBa, which crystallizes in i bic tables, soluble in water.

man -del-ate, «. [Eng., Ac, mandel(ic); -ate.]

Chem.: A salt of mandelic acid.

Ammonic mandelateis a yellowish-white powder, difficult to crystallize. Soluble in water and alcohol. Baric mandelate crystallizes in needles, slightly soluble in water, insoluble in alcohol. Tbe coppersalt is a beautiful light blue powder, which, when heated, gives off bitter almond oil.

man del -Ic, a. [Ger. mande2=an almond; Eng.

suff. -ic] (See the compound.)

mandellc-aclds, t.pl.

Chem.: C8H803=C6H5 CH(OH)-CO OH. Phenrlglycollic acid. Formobcnzoic acid. An acid prepared by heating bitter almond oil with hydrochloric or sulphuric acids, and extracting by means of ether. It crystallizes in prisms or tables, very soluble in water, alcohol, and ether, and melts at lis' with loss of water into a yellow oil, which on cooling solidifies to a gum. Heated above its melting point it diffuses an agreeable odor resembliDg white-thorn blossoms. Mandelic-acid contains the elements of bitter almond oil and formic acid. It neutralizes bases completely, and expels carbonic acid from its compounds.

*mande-ment, •maunde-ment, s. [commandMent.] A command, a commandment, a mandate. "He schewed the Erie Bogere the pane's manctcment."

Robert dc Brunne, p, Sf/i.

man-der,». [maundeb.]

man -dSr-Il, s. [mandeel.]

man-dS-vIlle, «. [Prob. a corrupt, of O. French mandil, mandille.] [mandil.] The same a« M oDilion (q. v.).

man -dl-ble, «. [From Lat. mandibula and man. dibulum, from mando^to chew; Fr. mandibule Prov. & Sp. mandibula.]

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Anatomy:

1. Human; The inferior maxilla, or two mandibles may be said to be united in the inferior maxilla or lower jaw. (Quain.)

2. Comparative:

(1) (Among Vetebrates in general): The lower jaw answering to the maxilla inferior in man. [1.] (Huxley.)

(2) {Among Birds, pi.): The upper and lower '' (Huxley.)

rostra of the beak. (.

(3) (Among Arthropoda, pi,); The upper pair of cephalic appendages used as jaws. (Huxley.) Iu insects the term is restricted to the upper and outer pair of jaws. (Oioen.)

(I) (Among Mollnaks): Used of the beak in Cephalopoda. (Nicholson.)

man-dlb'-v-l* (pi. man-dlb'-u-lffl),s. [Lat.= a jaw.] A mandible (q. v.).

m&n dlb u-lar, o. [mandibula.] Pertaining or belonging to the jaw. Thus there is a mandibular arch.

man dlb u la -tj, *. pi. [Neut. pi. of Mod. Lat. mandibulatus, from Lat. mandibula, mandibulum.] [mandible.]

Entom.: According to Clairville, Stephens', &c., a primary division or sub-class of insects containing those which haro jaws for mastication, as distinguished from those which have a suctorial mouth. [insect.]

man-dlb u-l9.te, a. <fc s. [mandibu^ab.]

A. As adjective:

Entom.: Having mandibles, as distinguished from a suctorial mouth,

B. As substantive:

Entom,: An insect of tho sub-class Maudibulata (q. ▼•).

man-dlb -u.-lat-Sd, a. [MAndlbulAte.] The same as Mandibulate, a. (q. v.)

man-dlbtt -ll-form, a. [Lat. mandibula, mandibulum=& jaWj and /orma=form.]

1. ZoOl.; Having the form of a mandible.

2. Entom.: Having the lower jaws hard, horny, and like the upper jaws in form.

man dil, «. [O. Fr. mandil, mandille, from Lat. muntellum, mantelum=a. table-cloth, a cloak, a mantle.] A sort of cloak or mantle.

man dil - ion (i as y), *. [0. Fr. mandil: ItaL mandiglione.] A kind of loose garment; a soldier's cloak.

"A mandilion, that did with buttons meet. Of purple, large, and full of folds, curl'd with a warmful nai). '—-Chapman; Homer's Iliad, x.

man di 5c, man 1 6c, s. [From mandioca, its name in Brazil. J

Bot.: A euphorbiaceous plant, Manihot utilissima. [cassava, Manihut.]

mandioc-plant, s. [mandioc]

•mand ment, s. [mandement.]

man -do-lln, man -do-llne, s. [ft. mandoline, mantiole, mandore, from Ital. mandola, mandora.]

Music: An Italian fretted guitar, so called from its almond shape. There are several varieties, each with differeut tunings. The Neapolitan, considered the most perfect, has four strings tuned like the violin, i. e.. G, D, A, E. The Milanese, next in favor, has five double -strings tuned (i, C, A, D, E.

the richt hand, ami tho left is employed in stopping the strings. It is written on the G clef. In the Neapolitan mandolin tho E strings are of catgut, tho A strings of steel, the D strings of copper, and the G strings of catgut covered with copperwire. Tho compass is about three octaves.

•man d&m, s. [Eng. man; -dom.] The stateof being a man; manhood; men collectively. (E. B, Browning.)

man dbre, s, [Fr.]

Music: Tho same as Mandolin (q.v.). . man-drag -5r-a, s. [Or. mmndragoras.'}

1. Ord. Lang.: A soporific potion prepared from some plant of the genus described under 2. [man

DRAKE.]

"Give me to drink mandragora"

Shake»p.: Antony and Cleopatra, 1. 6.

2. Botany: A genus of Solanacew, tribe Atrope®. Mandragora officinalis is tho mandrake.

man -drake,*. [mandragora.]

1. Anthrop. dt Folk-lore: From tho rude resemblance of the bifurcated root to the human figure many superstitious notions have gathered round this plant. Columella calls it semihomo (v. 19), and

[graphic]

Mandolin

A plectrum is used in

Pliny speaks of the precautious with which it was to bo plucked up (H. N., xxv. 94). Bulleino's Bulwark of Defense is a mine of quaint lore on the subject, and Browne (Vulgar Errors, bk. ii., ch.vi.) follows in his track. On being torn from the ground, the mandrake was feigned toutter'groans iuspiring horror (Cyril Tournour: Atheist's Tragedy,v. 1), causing madness (Shakesp.: Romeo and Juliet, iv. 3; Webster: Duchess of Malfi, ii. 5), or evon death (Shakesp.: Henry [V., Pt. if., in. 2). It was an emblem of incontinence [Shakesp.: Henry IV., Pi, j/M iii. 2); soporific qualities were attributed to it (Marloioe: Jew of Malta, v. 1); it was used iu magic (Nabbes: Microcosmus, iv.), and formed an ingredient in love-potions (Burton: Anat. ofMclan. (ed. 1S81), p. 550).

2. Scrip.: Heb. dhudhaim, a pi. word, correctly rendered in the A. V., mandrakes (Genesis xxx. 14, 15,16; Song of Solomon vii. 13).

mandrake-apple, s.

Bot.: The fruit of tho mandrake. It is beautiful, fragrant, and in no way poisonous.

man -drel, man-drll, *man-d5r-Il, s. [A

corrupt, of Fr. mandrui = n punch, a mandrel, prob. from Gr. numdra = an inclosed space, a sheepfold, the bed in which tho stone of a ring is sot.]

1. Lathe; An arbor or axis on which work is temporarily placed to be turned. The artfor which revolves in the hendstock of a latho and carries tho upper pulley, and also the chuck or face-plate if ono be used.

2. Mach.: Tho revolving spindle of a circular saw or a circular cutter. As the annular bush slips upon the mandrel, its conical face penetrates tho central orifice iu the saw and maintains its concentricity; an elastic packing intervenes between the bush and the end collar.

3. Forg.: A round rod of any desired diameter, used in giving an interior cylindrical form to a forging, as a nut or hollow spindle.

4. Cast.: A plug around which a body of metal or glass is cast.

mandrel-lathe, s. A lathe adapted for turning hollow work, which is clasped by a chuck on the end of the mandrel in tho headstock; or for turning long; work which is supported by the head and tail centers. It is the usual form of well-made lathes for metal and wood-turning.

man -drill, s. [Fr. mandrille, from the native name. (Buffon.) Huxley thinks the English is from man, and drill=a inan-like ape (Mat^s Place in Nature, p. 10),]

ZoOlogu: Cynocephnlus Maimon+(Mormon), an African baboon. Itwas well known to the ancients, and Aristotle speaks of it (H. A., 2,11, 2) under the name of Chceropithecus (Hog-ape). A full-grown male measures about fivo feet when erect; thehair is light olive-brown above, and silvery-white beneath.* It has a small pointed yellow beard, and a tuft of hair on the top of the head, which gives the whole face a triangular appearance. NicholBon says (ZoOlogy, p. 7X1) that it is "rendered probably without exception the most disgustingly hideous of living boines by tho possession of largo blood-red natal callosities, and of enormous cheekprotuberances striped with brilliant colors in alternate ribs.** Mandrills are insectivorous; and, in addition to their immense canine teeth, approach the Carnivora iu many points of anatomical detail.

*m&n -du-ca-ble, a. [Fr., from Lat. manduco— to chew; Sp. manducable.] Capablo of being manducated or chewed ; fit for eating.

tm&n'-du-cate, v. t. [Lat. manducatus, pa. par. of munduco, an extension of mundo=to chew.] To chow, to masticate, to eat.

"When he mandu^atrs nuoh unwholesome, such unpleasant fruit."—Bishop Taylor; Hermans, p. 252.

fm&n-du-ca'-tlon, s. [Latin manducatio, from manducatus, pa. par. of manduco— to chew; Fr. manducationl Sp. manducacion; ItaL tnanducazionc.] The act of chewing, masticating, or eating.

fman'-du,-ca-t5r-y\ a. [English manducat(e); •ory.\ Pertaining to, fit for, or employed in chewing or masticating; as, manducatory organs.

man-du -cus,«. [Lat.=a glutton.]

Greek dt Roman Antiq.: A comical figure representing a glutton or gormandizer, carried in processions and comedies to create laughter.

m&ne, s. [Icel. mOn (genit, manar, pi. manar); cogn. with Sw.it Dan. man: Dnt. moan; O. Dut. mane; Ger. mtihne; O. H. Ger. mana; Wei. niyngen = a mane, from m«rn=tho neck.] Tho long hair growing on tho upper part of tho neck of some animals, as horses, lions, «fcc, and hanging down on one or both sides.

"Each wave was crested with tawny foam,
Like the mane of a cheat nut Bleed."

■Scoff.- Lay of the Last Minntrel, 1. 28.

mane-sheet, a. A sort of covering for the upper part of a horse's head.

maned, a. [Eng. man(e) ; -ed.] Having a mane, maned ant-eater, s. [ant-eatee.] maned fruit-bat, s.

Zo6l.; Pteropus jubatus, a native of the Philippine islands.

*mane'-f aire, *. [0. Fr.]

Old Armor; Armor for the mane of a horse.

ma nege' (ge as zh), s. [Fr. manige or manege, from ItaL maui<;</i'o=management of a horse.] A school for training horses and for teaching horsemanship; a riding-school; the art or science of breaking, training, and riding horses; horsemanship. [manage, «.]

ma-n@ge' (ge as zh), v. t. [manege, «.] To break in and train a horse for riding or for graceful performances.

ma'-neh, s. [Hebrew maneh; cf. Greek mna.l [mixa.j

Weights and Measures: Awoight among ancient Hobrows. Its amount cannot be precisely determined; the passage (Ezek. xlv. 12) relating to the subject being ambiguous. It may mean that there wore three manehs, one of twenty shekels, one of twenty-five shekels, and one of fifteen; or it may signify that the maneh was=2O+25+15=60 shekels. Gosenius thinks the former to be the more probable hypothesis.

man'-6-quIn (qu as k), 9. [Fr. mannequin—a manikin (q.v.).J An artist's model made of wood or wax.

ma -lies, «. pi, [Lat.,prob. from*manis, *manus =good; the first form survives in immanis =3 huge, immense; tho second in Genita 3fana = the good mother, to whom, Pliny Bays, the Romans used to sacrifice a puppy.]

Roman Myth.: The Good Ones, a euphemistic expression for tho infernal deities (as benevolout spirits) opposed to larva? and lemures fq. v.). In the description of tho funeral rites of Polyaorus, Virgil (avji, iii. 62-68) has a noted passage on tho ceremonies with which the Manes were worshiped. The term was also applied to shades not yet deified. Tho Manes might be called up by magic (t&.iv. 490), they wore invoked to bo present at funeral rites (v.

(I

Manibus), remarks that "the occurrence of this 'D. M.' in Christian epitaphs is an often noticed case of religious survival.

manes-gods, s.pi.

Comparative Religions: The Dii Manes of the Romans. [maxes.]

"The early Romans, ascribing to their maneslove of human blood, duly administered to it."—h Spencer: Prin. of Sociol., i.

manes-worshlp, s.

Anthrop.; The term adopted by Tylor to denote the worship of tho dead, whether of an ancestor of the particular worshiper, or of some deified hero of his race. It has a very wide range both in time and space. Herbert Spencer (Prim. Sociol., vol. i., ch. xx.) thinks it developed from the universal—or almost universal—belief in an other-self, which survived after death, and that manes-worship was tho outcome of a desiro and endeavor to propitiate the ghost. Ho brings forward evidonce as to its existence among Turanians and Aryans, and notes that among tho Jews the offerer ofnrst-fniitsto Jehovah was required to say that he had not " given thereof for tho dead." (Dent. xxvi. 14; cf. Ecclos. vii. Iii; Tobit iv. 17.) Sir John Lubb«>ck (Orig. of Civil., 1882, p. 318) says of manes-worship that it "is a natural development of tho dread of ghosts," and both Tylor (Prim. Cult., 1873, ii. 120) and Spencer {loc. cit.) see in the cultus of saints in the Roman Church " a survival of the manes-worship of a less advanced age." [hauiolatry.]

manes-worshiper, s. One who worships the spirits of the departed; one who practicos manesworship (q. v.).

"The Chinese manes-teorahtper may see the outer barbarians come back . . . into sympathy with his timehonored creed."—Tylor: Prim. Cult. (W73), i. 143.

If A copious bibliography will be found in Lubbock and Tylor.

ma-nSt'-tl, s. [Etym. doubtful.] Hort.: A variety of rose, used as a dwarf stock in budding.

ma-nSt'-tl-a, *. [Named after Xavior Manetti, prefect of the botanical garden at Florence, and author of Regnum Vegetabile,yifA. (Paxton.)]

Bot.: A genus of CinchouaceaB, family Cinchonidee. It consists of climbing undorshrubs from tropical America. Tho root of Manettia cordifolia is valued iu Brazil as a inodicino in dropsy and dysentery.

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