Abbildungen der Seite




parallel to thehers. Dodecahedral faced uncoin: use of a mach of magnetic force; obta

and cobalt. Some other to the metals, iron, nickel

măg-nět-Igm, 8. [Eng. magnet; -ism.] as the declination, dip, and intensity of magnetic Magneto-electric light: An electric light produced 1. The property capable of being imparted to cer

force are termed, vary not only in different places, by means of powerful magnets. (Magneto-electric tain bodies, especially iron, cobalt, and nickel,

nd nice but also in the same place, from year to year, machine.) wbereby they attract or repel one another accord.

from month to month, and even from hour to Magneto-electric machine: Amachine in which an ing to certain laws.

hour. Those changes which proceed gradually for electric current is generated by the revolution of one

several years are termed secular. Frequently dis or more soft iron cores surrounded by coils of wire, 2. The branch of science which treats of this prop

turbances occur which produce a temporary irreg- about the poles of a magnet or magnets; or an arma. erty and its conditions or laws.

war effect on all the needles over a considerable ture (keeper) may rotate before the poles of sta3. The attractive power itself.

area; these are termed magnetic storms, and are tionary coils. The property of magnetism was first discovered often connected with manifestation of electrical Used medically in uterine hæmorrhage, asin the natural oxide of iron, called Magnetite (q.v.), phenomena, such as the aurora borealis, or a vio- phyxia, &c. In many cases it can be employed by or the Loadstone. The earth itself having magnetic lent thunderstorm, and still more generally with the patient without the aid of a doctor. [FARADIproperties, such a natural magnet pointed nearly those solar outbursts known as spots on the ZATION.] north and south, when freely suspended, and also sun. All such changes in the earth's magnetism attracted small pieces of iron. It was subsequently are now daily recorded at many stations by

magneto-electricity, subst. The science whick discovered that pieces of steel rubbed with natural self-registering apparatus. Professor Ersted, of

treats of the production of electricity by means of magnets also became magnets; and these artificial Copenhagen, discovered that if an electric current

a magnet. It was discovered in 1831 by Faraday, magnets, besides being more convenient, may be were passed along a wire parallel to a freely-bal.

who succeeded in generating an electric spark by made much more powerful, so that natural mag- anced magnetic needle, the needle was deflected to

suddenly separating a coiled keeper from a pernets are now only sought as curiosities. The attrac- a position at right angles to the current. Subse

manent magnet. He subsequently discovered that tion of a magnet for iron filings is most intense ata quently it was discovered that a current passed at

an electric current existed in a copper disc rotated short distance from the ends, and decreases toward right angles to an iron wire magnetized the wire so

between the poles and a magnet. This is not to be the middle: at the center there is no attraction, and long as the current passed. This effect was easily

confounded with electro-magnetism, discovered by this center is termed the equator of the magnet. multiplied by coiling the wire conveying the cur

Ersted, which investigates the action of an electric The points at which the magnetism is most intense rent round the iron rod or wire in the form of a

current on a magnet, the process being the converso are termed the poles. It is evident that the magnet- helix, thus producing magnetism enormously more

one to that in the former case. ism at the two poles is different; and that pole powerful than could be contained in any perma măg-nět:-o-graph, 8. [Eng. magnet, and Gr. which points to the north is termed the north-seek. nent magnets. Still later it was found that the graphô=to write, to draw.] An instrument whieh ing pole, while that which points to the south is wire helix alone possessed nearly all the properties registers automatically the condition and changes called the south-seeking pole. If two magpets are of a magnet. At a subsequent period Faraday dis- of terrestrial magnetism. taken, and the north-seeking pole of one is brought covered the converse relative phenomena, that the near the north-seeking pole of the other, they production, or cessation, or any variation in the

mă-nt-om--tēr. 8. Eng. magnet, and Gr. repel each other: but if the north-seeking end of intensity of magnetism caused the production of

metron=a measure. An instrument for measuring one is brought near the south-seeking end of the an electric current. the developments of which are

any of the magnetic elements, as the dip, inclinaother, then they attract each other. Therefore simcomprised in the subject of magneto-electricity.

tion, and intensity. A magnetized needle, isolated ilar poles repel, dissimilar poles attract each other. | Animal magnetism : (ANIMAL-MAGNETISM, MES

from all disturbing influences and suspended by It is impossible to obtain a magnet with only one MERISM.)

untwisted silk, is used to detect the declination, pole. If a magnetized needle is broken into a

and the delicate mode of adjustment permits any number of small pieces, each little piece is a mag

măg:-nět-Ist, 8. (English magnet; -ist.] One

variation in this element to be observed. For net having a north-seeking and a south-seeking skilled in magnetism; a magnetician.

observing the dip or inclination, the magnetized pole. Hence it would appear that every particle of măg'-nět-ite, s. (Eng. magnet; suff. .ite (Min.).] needle is balanced by knife-edges upon agate planes. a magnetized body is a little magnet, all having Min.: An ore of iron sometimes found well crys. măg-nět-o-mět'-ric, a. (Prof. magneto-, and their south-seeking poles set in one direction, and tallized in forms belonging to the isometric system. Eng. metric. Pertaining to or employed in the their north-seeking poles in the opposite direction. the octahedron being the most frequent, though measurement of magnetic force; obtained by the Bodies may be divided into two classes : viz., mag: the rhombic dodecahedron also is found uncoin. netic bodies, which are attracted by magnets, and bined with others. Dodecahedral faces striated

uso of a magnetometer. non-magnetic bodies, which are not attracted. The

măg-nět-0-mô-tor. 8. (Pref. magneto-, and parallel to the longer diagonal; octahedrons frequently twinned, Hardness, 5.5-6.5; specific gray

Lat. motor=a mover; moveo=to move.) A voltaic ity. 4.9-5.2: luster, metallic to submetallic; color

series of two or more large plates, which produce a other metals, porcelain, paper, oxygen gas, and

and streak, black, opaque, but when in excessively

1 great quantity of electricity of low intensity, ozone, are feebly magnetic. Other substances, as,

adapted to the exhibition of electro-magnetic thin films sometimes nearly transparent, and of a for example, bismuth, antimony, copper, silver, smoky-brown color: fracture subconchoidal and

phenomena. gold, lead, sulphur, phosphorus, and water, are not only not attracted by a magnet, but are actually times exhibiting polarity. Composition: Iron, 72:4; magneto-, and Eng. pyrite (q. v.).]

shining when pure. Strongly magnetic, and some- măg-nět-6-pyr-Ite (pyr as pïr), 8. [Pref. repelled; these are said to be diamagnetic. . When oxygen, 27.6, or sesquioxide of iron, 68.97; protoxide a magnetic substance is brought near to or in con- of iron. 31.03 : represented by the formula FeOFeO

Min.: The same as PYRRHOTITE (q. v.). tact with a magnet, it becomes converted into a One of the most important of the ores of iron is mag-ni-fi-a-ble, a. (Eng. magnify; -able.) magnet by magnetic induction (q. v.), just as a

found in beds often of immense extent in the Azoic Capable of being magnified; worthy to be extolled charge is induced in a conductor by an electrified

rocks; that from Siberia and the Hartz district, or praised. body. The nearest pole thus induced is a dissimilar Germany, afford the most powerfully magnetic "Wonderful in itself, and sufficiently magniflable from pole to the inducing pole, and the attraction of the varieties. Also found abundantly as sand, being de- its demonstrable affection."-Browne: Vulgar Errors, magnet is thus due to the action already described

rived from the weathering of crystalline and meta- bk. iv., ch. xii. of two dissimilar poles. When the inducing mag.

morphic rocks, in which it is distributed as minute net is removed, most substances lose their magnetcrystals and grains.

*măg-nif-Ic, *măg-nif-Ick, *măg-nir-Ic-al, ism, and hence are said to be temporarily magnetic;

a. (Lat. magnificus=noble, splendid, from magnus the perfection of this property in soft iron is of măg'-net-iz-a-ble, a. [Eng. magnetiz(e); -able.] =great, and facio=to make.] Noble, splendid, great importance to magneto-electric and dynamo- Capable of being magnetized.

grand, illustrious. electric machines, which depend entirely for theirmăg-nět-i-zā-tion. 8. [English magnetiz(e): effects upon rapid reversals of magnetic polarity. -ation.

"O parent, these are thy magniflo deeds,

The act of magnetizing: the state of being Steel and nickel retain the greater part of the in

Thy trophies !" Milton: P. L., X. 354. magnetized. duced magnetism, and are said to be permanently

*mig-nif-lc-a1-1ỹ, adv. [Eng. magnifical; -ly.] magnetic. Cast-iron also retains a large pro

"The intensity of magnetization of a uniformly mag. netized body is the quotient of its moment by the vol. 1

5In a magnificent or splendid manner; nobly. portion of the magnetism imparted to it. Even ume."-Everett: C. G. S. System of Units (1875), ch. x.

“He spake ... of the weale-publicke magnifoally." so-called permanent magnets, however, lose a portion of their power gradually; but by closing * [This may be effected by the action of the earth-Savile: Tacitus; Hist., p. 139. their poles with pieces of soft iron, which thus or by currents.

Măg-nif-i-căt, s. (Lat. =doth magnify; 3d pers. become induced magnets with dissimilar poles in măg-nět-ize, v. t. & i. (Eng. magnet ; -ize: Fr. sing. indic. of magnifico=to magnify, to extol.) contact, the inducing effect of these pieces strength

gth; magnétiser; Sp. magnetisar; Ital. magnetizzare.] 1. The song of the Virgin Mary (Luke i. 46), so eps the magnetism; such pieces of iron are termed

called from the first word in the Latin version.

A. Transitive: armatures. If magnetized steel is heated to red. i to violent blows, it loses its 1. To make magnetic; to communicate magnetic

“(He).at vespers, proudly sat

And heard the priests chant the Magnificato magnetism. That a magnetic needle points approx. properties to.

Longfellow; Sicilian's Tale, i. imately north and south is due to the fact that the 2. To place under the influence of animal mag. earth itself is a huge magnet, whose conditions ac- netism ; to mesmerize.

2. A setting of the same to music. condinely relate to what is called Terrestrial Mag- 3. To attract or draw, as with a magnet; to in *măgnifynate

Lot manifestum netism. Thus, the North magnetic pole is not at fluence, to move. present identical with the true North pole, but is B. Intrans.: To become magnetic; to acquire mag. par. of magnifico=to magnify (q. V.).) To magnify, situated within the Arctic circle in latitude 75° 5' netic properties.

to extol. Y., and long. 96' 46' W. The position of the South

măg-nět-iz-eē', 8. [Eng. magnetiz(e); ee.] A

măg-nif-i-ca-tion, s. (Lat. magnificatio, from magnetic pole has not yet been ascertained. In

(MAGNIFICATION.) consequence of the different positions of the mac. person placed under the influence of animal mag. magnificatus. netism.

1. Ord. Lang.. The act of magnifying or exto Detic North pole and the geographical North pole, a magnetic needle does not point true north andm ăg'-nět-iz-ēr, 8. [Eng. magnetiz(e); -er.) One

“Words so often used in Scripture for the magnifica. south, but a little to the east or west, according to who or that which magnetizes, or communicates

tion of faith."-Bishop Taylor: Sermons, vol. iii., ser. 3. ality. When a needle is balanced on a hori- magnetism. zontal axle, so that it can turn in a vertical plane măg-nět-klēs, 8. [Eng. magnet, and Ger. kies=

Gar kieee

2. Optics :

2. Optics: The magnifying power of a telescope and is then magnetized, it is found to set itself at numite

or microscope. (Ganot: Physics, $ 502.) an angle depending on the locality, with the north

Min.: The same as PYRRHOTITE (q.v.).

măg-nif-i-cence, s. (Fr., from Lat. magnifiseeking pole pointing downward if north of the equator, and the south-seeking pole pointing down- mag-ne-to-, pret: [Eng. magnet; -o connective.] centia, from magnificens:magnificent (q. v.); Sp. ward if south of the equator. This is termed the (See the compound.)

& Port. magnificenza.) inclination or dip of the needle, and a needle magneto-electric, a. Pertaining to magneto. $1. The act of doing great or noble works; great

works of goodness. thus arranged is termed a dipping-needle. Mag- electricity (q.v.). netic charts are maps on which are marked lines Magneto-electric induction: The production of an “Then cometh magnificence, that is to say, when a man showing the distribution of the earth's magnet. induced electric current in a metallic circuit by doth and performeth gret workes of goodness."--Chaucer: ism. It is found that the three magnetic elements, means of a magnet.

Persones Tale. bou, boy: pout, Jowl; cat, cell, chorus, chin, bench; go, gem; thin, this; sin, aş; expect, Xenophon, exist. ph = f.

[ocr errors]


· 2600


*2. Large expenditure for others; munificence, măg-nll-o-quent, a. [MAGNILOQUENCE.) Us. are similarly used in China. The “cones" of M. generosity, liberality.

ing pompous or bombastic language; bombastic, frazeri, called also M. auriculata, and M. acumi"Bounty and magnificence are virtues very regal; buta tumid, grandiloquent; speaking loftily or pomp- nata, called, in the United States, Cucumber-trees, prodigal king is nearer a tyrant than a parsimonious." ously.

are infused in brandy or whisky, and given in in. Bacon: Essays; of a King.

She was a trifle more magniloquent than usual." termittent fevers and rheumatic affections. M.

excelsa furnishes a valuable timber of tipe texture. 3. The quality or state of being magnificent; Thackeray: Newcomes, ch. xxiii. splendor, grandeur of show or state; pomp,

first greenish, then yellow. măg-n11-8-quent-lý, adv. [English magnilo“The infinite magnificence of heaven."

"Faint was the air with the odorous breath of magnolia quently.) In a magniloquent manner; with pomp


Longfellow: Evangeline, ii. 2. Wordsworth: Excursion, bk, ix. ous, tumid, or bombastic language; grandilo| Magnificence lies not only in the number and quently.

măg-no-11-ā-çě-æ, 8. (Mod. Lat. magnoli(a); extent of the objects presented, but in their degree *măg-nil -o-quoős, a. (Lat. magniloquus, from

Lat. fem. pl. adj. suff. -aceæ.) of richness as to their coloring and quality; splen.

Bot.: Magnoliads; an order of hypogynous exodor is but a characteristic of magnificence, attached magnus=great, and loquor=to speak.] The same

gens, alliance Ranales. It consists of trees or to such objects as dazzle the eye by the quantity of as MAGNILOQUENT (q. v.).

shrubs, having the scales of the leaf-bud face to light, or the beauty and strength of coloring ; pomp

*măg'-ni-son-ant, a. (Lat. magnus=great, and face or rolled up; alternate, sometimes dotted, is the appendage of power, when displayed to pub- sonans, pr. par. of sono=to sound.) Great-sound- leaves, distinctly articulated with the stem, lic view. ing, high-sounding.

with deciduous stipules, Powers generally her

maphrodite, strongly odoriferous; sepals generally

“That strange and magnisonant appellation."-Southey: măg-nif -1-cent, a. [Latin magnificens=doing The Doctor, Cats of Greta Hall.

three to six; petals three or more; stamens indefigreat things: magnus=great, and faciens, pr. par.

nite, hypogynous ; carpels several, on a torus above of facio=to do; Ital. magnificente.]

mag'-nl-tüde, 8. [Lat. magnitudo, from magnus the stamens; one-celled, one or more seeded. Fruit 1. Doing great or noble deeds or works; munifi.

dry or succulent, dehiscent or indehiscent, some cent, generous.

I. Ordinary Language:

times collected upon a cone upon a lengthened 2. Grand in appearance; splendid.

1. The comparative size, bulk, extent, quantity, axis; seeds one or more in each carpel of the fruit. "Sunk in the quenching gloom,

or amount of anything that may be ineasured : size. They are found chiefly in this country, whence they Magnificent and vast are heaven and earth,

2. Anything that can be measured ; any quantity wander to Japan, China, and India. Known genera, Order confounded lies."

that can be expressed in terms of a quantity of the eleven; species, sixty-five. Most have a bitter, . Thomson: Autumn, 1,139. saine kind taken as a unit. (II. 2.1

tonic taste. The order is divided into two tribes, *3. Fond of splendor, sbow, or pomp.

*3. Greatness, with reference to a moral or intel. Magnolieæ and Wintereæ (q. v.). 4. Noble, splendid; exceedingly praiseworthy. lectual standard.

măg-no-11-ădş, 8. pl. [Mod. Lat. magnoli(a); “This was thought and called a magnificent answer, “He with plain heroio magnitude of mind.

Eng. pl. suff. -ads down to the last days of Italian servitude."-Byron:

Their armories and magazines contemns."

Bot.: The name given by Lindley to the order Childe Harold, iv. 3. (Note.)

Milton: Samson Agonistes, 1,279.

Magnoliaceæ (q. v.). măg-nif-i-cent-1ğ, adv. [English magnificent; 4. Importance, consequence, weight.

măg-no-11-7 -æ, 8. pl. [Mod. Lat. magnoli(a); lu.) In a magnificent manner or degree; with “We commonly find in the ambitious man a superior. Lat. fem. pl. adj. suff. -eæ. magnificence; splendidly, grandly.

ity of parts, in some measure proportioned to the magni. Bot.: The typical tribe of the order Magnoliaceæ

tude of his designs."--Bp. Horsley, vol. i., ser. 4. măg-nif-1-co, 8. [Ital., from Lat. magnificus.]

(q.v.). The carpels are arranged in a cone; the II. Technically:

leaves scarcely, if at all, dotted." (Lindley.) 1. A grandee of Venice.

1. Astron.: A term applied to the apparent size of măg'-no-lite, 8. [Named after the Magnolia "The magnifico is much beloved,

stars viewed from the earth. There are six magni- district, Colorado; suff. -ite (Min.).] . And hath in his effect a voice potential."

tudes, (STAR) Shakesp.: Othello, i. 2.

Min.: A white mineral, found in silky tufts of 2. Geom.: This term was originally applied to very minute acicular crystals. Contains mercury 2. A rector of a German university.

signify the space occupied by a body. As thus used, and tellurium, and inferred to be a telluride of mer *măg-nif -1-coŭs, a. (Lat. magnificus=magnifi.

it applied only to those portions of space which cury. Found in the Keystone mine, Colorado. cent (q. v.).] Magnificent, grand, pompous.

possessed the three attributes of extension--length, măg-núm. 8. (Lat., neut. sing. of magnus=

breadth, and thickness, or height. By extension of *măg-nif-i-coós-ly, adv. (Eng. magnificous; meaning, it has come to signify anything that can

great, large.] ly.) Magnificently, grandly, pompously. (Hooker.) be increased, diminished, and measured. Thus, a

1. A bottle holding two English quarts. măg'-ni-fi-ēr, s. [Eng. magnify; -er.) line or a surface, an angle or a number, are magni

“Between every two guests a portly magnum reared its tudes. Time and weight are magnitudes; and, in

golden head."-Å. Forbes, in English Illustrated Naga. 1. One who or that which magnifies, praises, or general, anything of which greater or less can be

zine, Dec., 1884, p. 152. extols. predicated is a magnitude.

2. A dram, or drink of spirituous liquor. (Dick2. That which makes great or increases; an in- 3. Physics: The same as EXTENSION (q. v.).

ens : Pickwick Papers.) creaser.

| Apparent magnitude of an object:

3. A bone at the base of the third metacarpal 3. A magnifying-glass (q. v.).

Optics: The angle which any object subtends articulation. "One of our microscopes has been coanted by several of at the eye of an observer. If o B be the object, and magnum-bonum, s. [Lat.=great-good.] the curious as good a magnifier as, perhaps, any in the E the situation of the obworld."-Boyle: Works, ii. 543.

1. A kind of large-sized barrel pen. server's eye, then the apmă'unY_ro *mas-ni-fi-en ut. & i. Er man. parent magnitude of the

2. A large-sized oval plum, with a yellow skin,

B covered with a whitish bloom. nifier, from Lat. magnifico=to make great: maanu8 former is the angle E-i.e., =great, and facio=to make; Ital. magnificare ; Sp. O E B, formed by two visual rays drawn from the măg'-năs, a. (Latin = great, large.] (See the & Port. magnificar.]

center of the pupil to the extremities of the object. etym.) A. Transitive: *măg-ri-ūm, 8. [MAGNESIUM.]

magnus-hitch, s. 1. To make great or greater; to increase the Chem.: Davy's name for magnesium.

Naut.: A kind of knot used on board ship. apparent size or dimensions of.

măg-no-chro-mite, s. [Eng. magn(esia); O ma-go'-nl-a, s. [Don says that it is named after +2. To make or declare great, to extol; to declare connective, and chromite; Ger. magnochromit.1' some botanist known to St. Hilaire.) the praises of; to glorify.

Min.: A variety of chromite (q. v.), containing a Bot.: A genus of Sapindaceæ, tribe Meliosmer. “Let thy name be magnified for ever.”—2 Samuel vii. 26. large percentage of magnesia. Physical characters It consists of two trees, Magonia glabrata and Y. *3. To raise in pride or pretensions.

the same as chromite, excepting in the want of pubescens, covering extensive tracts in Brazil. The

luster and low density. From an analysis of a leaves and an infusion of the bark of the "O Lord, behold my affliction: for the enemy hath mixture of the mineral and its matrix, Websky roots are used for stupefying fish; thelatmagnised himself."-Lamentations i. 9.

deduces the following composition: Alumina, 29.92: ter is employed also as a remedy in old 4. To exaggerate; to represent as greater than chromic acid, 40.78; protoxide of iron, 15:30; mag. ulcers, the stings of insects, &c.; the reality.

nesia, 14:00; which agrees with the formula, seeds are used in the manufacture of soap.
“Each vainly magnifies his own success,
4(Al2O3.Cr203), (3Fe0, 5MgO). Found in rounded

ma-goô-teě, 8. [Hind.) An instru-
Resents his fellow's, wishes it were less."
grains in a green matrix at Grochau, Silesia.

ment used by the Pambatees or snake. Cowper: Tirocinium, 477. măg-no-fěr'-rite, s. (MAGNESIOFERRITE.] charmers of the East Indies. It is comB. Intransitive:

măg-no-11-a, 8. (Named after Pierre Magnol posed of a hollow calabash, to one end of 1. To have the power or quality of causing things (1638-1715), professor of medicine at Montpellier,

which is fitted a mouthpiece similar to to appear larger than reality; to increase the ap- and author of several botanical works.).

that of the clarinet. To the other extremparent size or dimensions of objects; as, This glass Bot.: The typical genus of the tribe Magnolics ity is adapted a tube perforated with sev.

and the order Magnoliaceæ. Sepals three, decid. eral holes, which are successively stopped *2. To have eff fect, to signify, to avail. uous: petals. six topine: stamens and pistils by the fingers, like those of the flute, while Maroo

tee. măg'-ni-fg-ing, pr. par., a., & s. (MAGNIFY.]

many: carpels compacted in spikes or cones: seeds the player blows into the mouthpiece.
baccate, somewhat cordato, pendulous, with a long

In the middle of the instrument is a small
A. & B. As pr. par. & particip. adj.: (See the white umbilical thread. The species are trees or

mirror, on which the serpents fix their eyes while verb.) shrubs, with alternate leaves and large, terminal.

dancing. Sometimes bright beads are attached, C. As subst.: The act of making greater or larger odoriferous flowers. They are found in North which serve the same purpose as the mirror. in appearance; the act of praising or extolling. America and Asia. Magnolia grandiflora, tha *măg'-ot (1), s. (MAGGOT.]

Great-flowered Magnolia, or Laurel Bay, is a fine magnifying-glass, 8.

magot-pie, 8. A magpie (q. v.). evergreen tree, seventy feet high in America, and Optics: A popular term for a convex piece of from twenty to thirty in foreign gardens. The

măg-ot (2), 8. [Fr.) glass or a lens which has the property of magnify- species have large, beautiful, fragrant flowers. Zool.: The same as BARBARY-APE (9. v.). ing.

Those of M. conspicua are snow-white, and those of măg'-pie, 8. [French Margot, a familiar form of măg-nll-o-quence, 8. (Lat. magniloquentia, those of M. tripetala produce sickness and head. M. pumila brownish-green. De Candolle says that

Marguerite=Margaret, from Lat. margarita, Gr. from magnus=great, and loquens, pr. par. of loquor ache. Barton reports that M. glauca, the Dwarf

margaritēs=a pearl. The syllable pie=Fr. pie, is =to speak. Pompons or bombastic manner of Sassafras, or Beaver-tree, produces paroxysms of

from Lat. picara magpie.] [PIE (2), s.) speaking; a tumid or pompous style; grandilofever. The bark is intensely bitter, but has in it no

I. Ordinary Language: quence, bombast.

tannin or gallic acid; it has the properties of Cin 1. Lit.: In the same sense as II. 1. "All the sects ridiculed this magniloquence of Epicu- chona. Its cones" are employed as a remedy in 2. Figuratively: rus." - Bentley: Remarks, 8 44.

cases of chronic rheumatism. Those of M. yulan (1) A halfpenny. (Slang.) fate, făt, färe, amidst, whãt, fall, father; wē, wět, nëre, camel, hēr, thêre; pine, pit, sîre, sir, marine; gó, pot,

[ocr errors]


magnifies too muhensions of objects; as, This cap: and author of several hotondicine at Mon

[ocr errors]



Mahratta (2) A bishop, from the mingled black and white Man-a-de-va, Mah-a-dê:-, s. (Sansc, maha, ma-hog'-an-ý, s. (From mohagoni, its Central of his robes. mahat=great, and deva=a god.)

American name.] “Let not those silkworias and magpies have dominion Hindu Myth.: One of the many names given to Botany & Commerce: over us."-T. Brown: Works, i. 107. Shiva, the third person of the Hindu triad.

1. The timber of Swietenia mahagoni. It is closeII. Technically:

ma-ha-ra-jah, s. Sansc., from mahat, maha= grained and hard, susceptible of a fine polish, and 1. Ornith.: A well-known bird of the family Cor. great, and rajah=prince.) A title assumed by some furniture. It is fragrant and aromatic, and is con

is largely used for the manufacture of household vidae. It is the Corvus pica of Linn.. Pica caudata. Indian princes.

sidered febrifugal. Mahogany is said to have been melanoleuca, or rustica of later ornithologists. It ma-har-man, s. (Turk.) A Turkish headdress.

na-har-man, s. (Turk.] A Turkish headdress. first brought to England by Sir Walter Raleigh in is an extremely beautiful bird, the pure white of its Ma-hat-mah, s. [Sanse. great-souled one.) One 1595, but not to have come into general use till scapulars and inner web of the flight-feathers con- of a community of Buddhist adepts supposed to about 1720.. trasting vividly with the deep glossy black of the be dwelling in the deserts of Tibet.

2. The timber of Persea indica, a tree which body and wings, while the long tail is lustrous with green, bronze, and purple reflections.

grows in Madeira. It is very inferior to the genuine Mah'-di, Mah-đỡe, Mũn-đéo (commonly prou. It builds an

mahogany. almost impregnable nest, with a dome of firmly. Ma'-di), s,. (Arab., as adj. = called (Catafago), as interwoven sticks, and lays from six to nine bluish, subst.=a director or leader (Jaffur Shurreef). I

wanogauy-tree, 8. green eggs, blotched with ash-color.

1. Mohammedan Theol.: The surnameof a second Bot.: Swietenia mahagoni, one of the Cedre2. Mil.: A shot striking the target in the division Mohammed, the last or twelfth Imaum (Head, laceæ. It is a lofty, branching tree, with a large, next to the outermost in a target divided into four Chief, or Leader). According to the Shoeahs (Mo- handsome head, flowers like those of Melia, and sections ; so called bocause signalled by the marker hammedan Scripturalists) of Persia, he is now alive fruits about the size of a turkey's egg. It grows in with a black and white disc.

in the unseen world, and will appear with Elias the the warmest parts of Central America, in ('uba, magpie-lark, s.

Prophet at the second coming of Jesus Christ. The Jamaica, Hispaniola, and the Bahamas. (MADEIRA

generality of the Soonnees (Mohammedan Tradition. WOOD.) Ornith.: (LITTLE-MAGPIE. )

alists) concur in the belief that the advent of the *ma-hoitres', 8. pl. (Fr.) A term applied to the

Mahdi is still future, while an Indian sect called magpie-moth, s. Gyr Mahdis consider him to have already appeared the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries.

padded and upraised shoulders in fashion during Entom.: The Gooseberry·moth, Abraxas grossu- in the person of Syud Mohammed, of Jounpoor. On lariata. Its expanded wings are about an inch and the twenty-seventh night of the month Ramzan ma-ho-li, 8. (Native name.) .

across. They are yellowish-white with black they recite the words "God is almighty. Mohamspots, and on the anterior pair a pale orange-colored med is our prophet, and the Koran and Mahdi are Lemuroid, family Lemuridæ. The general coloring

Zoology: Galago maholi, a diminutive African band. The body is orange with black spots. The inst and true: adding. "Imaum Mahdi has come of the un eggs are deposited on gooseberry or current bushes and gone: whoever disbelieves this is an infidel."

of the upper parts is yellowish or brownish-gray, in July or Angust, and the caterpillars are hatched They are Soonnee Pathans, but there is a feud, some-nose.streak cheeks and throat white, under parts

with slightly darker brindling on the back, broad in September. They are yellowish-white, spotted times leading to bloodshed, between them and the white tinged with yellow. The ears are very large, with black, and have an orange stripe on each side. ordinary Soonnees. Petitions aresometimes written and The chrysalis is black, relieved at the lip with to the Imaum Mahdi on Friday, the Mohammedan

and can be contracted at pleasure. orange circles. In addition to the September brood Sunday, and committed to any river in the confident Ma-hom:-ě-dan, Ma-hom -ě-tan, adj. & subst. there is another at beginning of summer. If dusted expectation that they will reach their destination. A with the powder of white hellebore, they are de 2. Hist.: Mohammed Ali, goyernor of Egypt (the stroyed, but picking them off by hand is a more murderer of the Mamelukes), commenced, about

Ma-hõm -ě-tan, a.& 8. [MOHAMMEDAN.) efficient process. [ABRAXAS.)

the year 1821, the conquest of the Soudan, which Ma-hõm -ě-tan-ism, s. (MOHAMMEDANISM.) magpie-robin, 8.

was completed about a half century later by GenOrnith.: The name given in Ceylon to the Cop- peace for a time. On his departure, the incapacity eral Gordon, who ruled it so well as to preserve

Ma-hõm -ě-tan-ize, v. t. (MOHAMMEDANIZE.]

*Ma-ho-mět-i-cal, a. (Eng. Mahomet; -ical.] sychus saularis, kept in cages, and used by the of his Egyptian successors drove the Soudanese into Mohammedan. natives to fight. revolt. At first the rebellion was political, but a

"The Mahometical Elysium of libertines.”—Gentleman ma-gre-pha, 8. (Heb.) An organ mentioned religious element speedily arose, and ultimately

Instructed, p. 561. in the Talmud as having been in existence in the asserted its predominance. An individual gave out

M Ma-hăm-bt-ism, * Mạ-hồm:--trie, * Masecond century. It had ten ventages each of which that he was the divinely-promised Mahdi 11. the communicated with ten pipes, and it was played Mohammedan Messiah, come for the deliverance of hum-e-tisme, subst. (Eng. Mahomel : •ism. -ru. I

the faithful, and to convert all their unbelieving Mohammedanism, idolatry. upon by means of a clavier.

foes to Islamism, or utterly to destroy them.. At măg-růmş, s. (Etym. doubtful; perhaps a cor

"No dumme popetrie or superstitious Mahometric.”_ that time the constraining force of events had Tyndall: Works. p. 267. ruption of megrim (q. v.).) A popular name in the brought Great Britain into entanglement with the state of New York for a singular convulsive affec- affairs of Egypt. A military revolt, headed by an

*Ma-hõm -ět-Ist, 8. [Eng. Mahomet; -ist.) A tion resembling chorea. It rarely occurs before the Egyptian, Arabi Pasha, had been attended by the follower of Mohammed; a Mohammedan. adult age, never ceases spontaneously, and when massacre of many European Christians at Alex. “The king of the Mahometists sought his friendship." fully developed is devoid of any paroxysmal char- andria, and the British fleet had been sent out to – Pedro Mexia: Hist. Roman Emperors, p. 525. acter. Mayne.)

prevent a fresh outbreak, or, if one arose; to bring *Ma'-ho-mite, s. [Eng. Mahom(et): -ite.) A măgş-man, s. (English magg, v., and man.] A off as many of the Christians as possible. New swindler, a thief.

forts being built to threaten the ships, the fleet had vonammedan.
bombarded and captured them, with the older forti-

"The Mahomite
. măg-uay, măg-uey (uay, uey as wā), s. (Mex-
fications, on July 11, 1882, while an army sent out

With hundred thousands in Vienna plaine." ican maguei.] had heavily defeated the Egyptians in a short but

Sylvester: Miracle of Peace, sonn. xxxviii. Bot.: Agave americana. (AGAVE.]

very bloody fight at Tel-el-Kebir, on Sept. 13, 1882. ma-ho-n1-a, subst. (Named after Bernard Mc*ma-gūs, s. (Lat.) One of the Magi (q. v.); a The British Government advised Egypt to give up Mahon.) magian.

all attempts to reconquer the Soudan, which wasBot.: Ash-barberry; a genus of Berberidaceæ conMăg-yar, s. (Hung.)

about as large as France, Germany, and Spain taken sisting of elegant evergreen shrubs, and with

together, besides being mostly desert. The advice pinnate lea 1. One of a race of Asiatic origin, which invaded was neglected, an Egyptian army, headed by an America and Nepaul. Several are cultivated in

de advice pinnate leaves, and yellow flowers. Found in North or settled in Hungary about the end of the ninth Englishman, Hicks Pasha, was sent out, but was gardens. century, and is still the predominant race there.

almost immediately destroyed and its leader killed. 2. The language of Hungary. It belongs to the A second, under Baker Pasha (Colonel Valentine

*ma-hound', *ma-houn', s. & a. (A corruption Ugrian family of the Turanian class of languages. Baker), was put to fight with great slaughter on of Mohammed or Mahomet.]

*măg'-ý-däre, *mag-u-dere, 8. [Latin magy. Feb. 4, 1884. The Egyptians were now willing to let A. As substantive: darius, magudarius, from Gr. magydaris. Laser- the Soudan go, and as originally advised, include

in it Khartoum, the capital of Nubia. But the 1. An idol; the image of a god or Mohammed. Soudanese, not contented to obtain their independ.

"The ymage of Mahoun, y-med of golde, ma'-ha, s. (Native name.] ence, desired also to massacre the Egyptian garri

With the axe smot he oppon the molde, Zool.: Semnopithecus ursinus, a native of the sons of about 20,000 men. Humanity shuddered at

That al that heued to flente." wooded hill-country of Ceylon. Its specific name such a resolve, and public opinion urged that G

Sir Ferumbras, 4,999. has reference to its general bear-like appearance. eral Gordon 'should be sent out on a peace

2. The devil. (WAXDEROO.)

mission to negotiate for the withdrawal of the gar- B. As adj.: A term applied to the devil or any ma-ha-bha-rạt, 8. [Sansc. maha, mahat=great, risons. He went to Egypt, but failed in his endeavor, very wicked person or spirit. and Bharat (see def.).] and after defending himself in Khartoum for about

ma'-hôut, s. (East Indian.) An elephant driver Hindu Literature: "One of the two great epic a year, was overcome by treachery on Jan. 26, 1885, poems of India, the other being the Ramayan. Its the Mahdi's troops being admitted within the forti- or keeper: leading theme is the contest, perhaps, in the main, fications, and Gordon and many others slain, just Man-răt-ta, a.&s. (Mahratta Maratha, as adj. historic, between the Kurus and the Pandus, two as a relieving army was approaching for his deliver =belonging to the Maratha country; as subst.= dynasties of ancient India, both descended from ance.

a man of the cultivator caste. Maharashtra=the Bharat, King of Hustina poor. Dhritarashtra, the Mah-di-an. 8. (Eng., &c., Mahdi: -an.) A fol- great country, or perhaps Maharrashtra=the counfather of Duryodhana and the Kurus, was the legit- lower or adherent of the Mahdi (q.v.).

try of the Mahars, now an outcast tribe, from imate heir to the throne, but being blind, he was

Sansc. maha=great, or Mahar and rashtra=counsupplanted by his cousin Yudhistiras, the eldest of

27 Mah-dist. 8. [E

8. Eng., &c., Mahd(i); -ist.] The try.] the five Pandu princes. Ultimately, by the aid of same as MAHDIAN (9.v.).

A. As adjective: Of or belonging to the MahKrishna, the usurping Pandus were firmly estab mahl, s. [MAUL.)

rattas. (B.] lished in the sovereignty of Northern India. With mah-lib, ma-ha -1ěb, s. (Native name.)

B. As substantive : tbis main theme are interwoven episodes, moral

Bot.: The fragrant kernels of Cerasus mahaleb, reflections, and digressions of all kinds, constitut

1. Pl.: One of the great races who have from used by the Scindian and other native Indian ing abont three-fourths of the present poem. The

time immemorial inhabited Western India, though women as necklaces. The fruit affords a violet dye, discourse between Krishna and Urjoon on the eve

they did not come into notice till the seventeenth and can be made also into a fermented liquor like of a battle constitutes the Bhagavat gita (q. v.).

century. They are supposed to have come from kirschwasser. The roots of some portions of modern Hinduism

the north. are in the Mahabharat. The worship of Krishna, *ma-hog'-an-ize, v. t. (Eng. mahogan(y); -ize.] 2. The language spoken by the Mabrattas. It is as one with Vishnu and the universe, bas its origin To paint or grain in imitation of mahogany; to Aryan, all but a fraction of the roots being akin to voneer with mahogany.

Sanscrit. boil, boy; póut, Jowl; cat, cell, chorus, chin, bench; go, gem; thin, this; sin, aş; expect, Xenophon, exist. ph = f.

kort. [LASERPITIUM.]" f. magydaris.] Laser. the sout. The Egyptians were nos




mail mah-va, mah-wa, ma-ho-a, s. (Native In. 2. Figuratively:

maid-en-ship, s. (English maiden; shij, dian name.] The same as MADHUCA (q. v.).

(1) An epithet applied to an effort made for the Maidenhood. Mā-1-a (1), s. [Gr. Maia, in Greek myth.=the

he first time; as, a maiden speech; a maiden attempt. maid-hood, s. [Eng. maid: -hood.] Virginity;

*(2) Fresh, unpolluted daughter of Atlas, and mother of Hermes.]

an unmarried state.

“A maiden and an innocent hand." Astron.: An asteroid, the 66th catalogued.

Shakesp.: King John, iv. 2. *māid-1ğ, *mayd-ly, a. (English maid; -ly.) mā-1-a (2), 8. (Latin, from Greek maia=good (3) That has never been taken by siege.

Maidlike, effeminate. mother; a large kind of crab, supposed by Cuvier "Every citizen considered his own honor as bound up

fmāid-mär-1-an, s. (Eng. maid, and marian.] to be cancer pagurus (Linn.).)

with the honor of the maiden fortress.”-Macaulay: Hist. 1. Originally the Queen of the May; afterward a Zool.: Spider-crab; the typical genus of the fam- Eng. ch. xix.

buffoon. ily Maiidw. The type is Maia squinado. [SPIDER. II. Cricket: In which no runs have been made: 2. The name of a dance. CRAB.) as, a maiden over.

"A set of morrice-dancers danced a maidmarian with a ma-i-a-dæ, s. pl. [MAIIDE.]

maiden-assize, 8. An assize at which there are mā-1-an, 8. (Gr. maiara crab.] no criminal cases to be tried. (Eng.)

maid'-sēr-vant, 8. [Eng. maid, and servant.) Zool.: An individual of the tribe Maiidæ (q. v.). *maiden-headed, a. Bearing the device of a mãid, *mayd, *mayde, s. [A corrupt. of maiden maiden's head.

“Thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor (q. v.), by the loss of final n; A. S. mægdh, mægedh maiden-lip, 8.

thy daughter, nor thy manservant, nor thy maidservant." =a maiden.)

-Deut. v. 14. I. Ordinary Language:

Bot.: Echinospermum lappula.

, imāid -shịp, s. (Eng. maid; -ship.] Maiden1. A girl; a young unmarried woman.

*maiden-meek, a. Meek as becomes a maiden. hood; virginity. “The Syrians had ... brought away captive out of maiden-name, s. The surname of a woman be mā-lea -tic, a. & 8. [Gr. maieutikos, from maia the land of Israel a little maid; and she waited on fore her marriage.

=a midwife.] Naaman's wife."--2 Kings v. 2.

“Wake, Maid of Lorn; the moments fly,

A. As adj.: Seeming to accelerate or assist child2. A virgin; an unmarried woman who has pre

Which yet that maiden name allow."
Scott: Lord of the Isles, i. 4.

birth; hence, fig., helping to bring forth, educe, or served her chastity.

evolve. 3. A female servant. maiden-pink, s.

B. As subst.: The system pursued by Socrates in “Spinning amongst her maids,"-Shakesp.: Rape of Bot.: Dianthus deltoides.

his investigation of truth, in which he endeavored Lucrece. (Argum.)

maiden-plum, 8.

to lead on to the truth by continual questioning. *4. Used of a man who has not yet known woman. Botany: Comocladia, a genus of Terebinthacex

mā-ieu -tic-al, a. (Eng. maieutic; -al.] The “ You are betrothed both to a maid and man."

(Anacardiaceae). Shakesp.: Troelfth Night, v.

same as MAIEUTIC (q. v.).

*maiden-rents, s. pl. II. Ichthy.: A popular name for a female of Raja

māl-gre (gre as gēr), a. 8. (Fr.=lean, thin.] batis.

Feudal Law: A noble paid by the tenants of some manors on their marriage.

A. As adjective: 11 Maid of Honor: (HONOR, T 6.] 2. Maids of the Cross :

maiden-speech, s. The first speech made by a *1. Ord. Lang.: Thin, lean. Ecclesiology and Church History:

person. (The expression is especially applied to "When he saw the young gentleman so maigre and (1) A sisterhood founded at Roye, in Picardy, in the first speech made by a member of Congress.)

indisposed."-Carlyle: Letters and Speeches of Cromwell, 1625, by four young women. They removed to Paris

iii. 132.

*maiden-tongued, a. Speaking in a gentle and in 1640, and were created into a congregation by insinuating manner.

2. Cook.: Applied to preparations of any kind the Archbishop in 1640, and confiru.ed by letters

made without butcher's meat, poultry, or game,

"His qualities were beauteous as his form, patent in 1642.

For maiden-tongued he was, and thereof iree" and cooked with butter instead of lard or dripping. (2) A similar sisterhood founded in 1668 by

Shakesp.. Lover's Complaint, 100. *B. As substantive: Eleonora de Gonzaga, wife of Leopold I., and confirmed the same year by Pope Cleinent IX. and the *maiden-widowed, a. Having become a widow 1. Ord. Lang.: A fast.

2. Ichthy.: Sciona aquila, an acanthopterygian Emperor. Called also the Order of the Cross and while still a virgin.

fish of the family Sciænidæ (q. v.), common in the

“But I, a maid, die maiden-widowed." Bethlehemites.

Mediterranean. Length seldom less than three, [ Maid of all work: A general servant.

Shakesp.: Romeo and Juliet, iii. 2.

and sometimes as much as six feet. It is highly *maid-child, 8. A female child; a girl.

maiden's-blush, s. The garden rose.
Maiden's-blush commixt with jessimine."

esteemed for the table. Its general appearance “But if she bear & maid-child, then she shall be unclean

Herrick: Hesperides, p. 281.

resembles that of the bass, but the head is shorter two weeks, as in her separation."-Lev. xii. 5.

and more rounded, and the tongue and palate desti*maid'-en, *mayd-en, v. i. (MAIDEN, 8.) To

tute of teeth. Fins brown, body bluisb-white speak or act meekly or demurely, like a maiden. complexion of a virgin.

below and greenish-brown above. The maigre emits

“For had I mayden'd it, as many use; “Change the complexion of her maid-pale peace.”

a peculiar sound, described as a purring or buzzing. Shakesp.: Richard II., iii. 3. Loath for to grant, but loather to refuse."

Its otolites are very large, and were formerly in maid's hair, s.

Hall: Satires, iii. 3.

great repute as a charm for colics, provided they māid'-en-häir, 8. [Eng. maiden, and hair.) were received as a gift or actually removed by the Bot.: Galium verum. maid'-en, *mayd-en, *meid-en, 8. & a. [A. S.

sufferer from the head of the fish. Botany :

1. Adiantum capillus veneris, and the genus Adi- maigre-dishes, 8 pl. Dishes eaten by Roman mægden, moden, maigden, an extension of mog, antum. The former has many spreading capillary Catholics on days when flesh-meat is forbidden. moége=a female relation, a maid; mægden, mægeden branches (whence the English name), a three to They include fish, vegetables, fruit, eggs, omelets, =mægedhen=a dimin. of mægedh=a maid. Még, four pinnate frond, with the pinnules cuneate, &c. or möge. is the fem. of móg=a son, a kinsman; lobed, crenate, glabrous. It is rare in Britain, but cogn. with Goth. magus-a boy, a child; Icel. möger

maigre-food. 8. The same as MAIGRE-DISHES ; Icel. moger is found in this country, in continental Europe, =a boy, a son.)

q. v.). Asia, Africa, and Polynesia. [ADIANTUM.] A. As substantive:

“June is drawn in a mantle of dark grass green, upon mal-hem, 8. (MAIM, 8.] I. Ordinary Language:

his head a garland of bent, king's-cup, and maidenhair." ma-i'-I-dæ, mă-i-2-dæ, s. pl. (Mod. Lat., &c., 1. Literally: - Peacham: On Drawing.

mai(a); Lat. fem. pl. adj. suff. -ide, -ador.) (1) A maid, a young unmarried woman, a virgin. 2. Passiflora adiantum.

Zoöl.: Sea-spiders. Short-tailed Crust iceans of

the section Oxyrhynchi of Milne-Edwards. The maidenhair-grass, 8. “ Like a maiden of twenty he trembles and sighs, And tears of fifteen have come into his eyes." Bot.: Briza media.

carapace is much longer than it is wide, and generWordsworth: Farmer of Tilsbury Vale.

ally spiny; the first pair of feet in si me males much maidenhair-tree, s.

longer than the second pair, and twice tbat of the (2) A female servant. .

Bot.; Salisburia adiantifolia, a Japanese tree. carapace. “She hath sent forth her maidens: she crieth upon the highest places of the city.”—Proverbs ix. 3.

mãid-en-hěad, māid-en-hood, meid-en-hed, mãik, s. (MAKE (2), s.] A companion, an equal, 2. Figuratively:

*meid-en-hede, *maid-en-hode, s. [A. S. mæg- a mate. (Scotch.)

denhád.) (1) An instrumentor apparatus for washing linen. "1. The quality or state of being a maiden or vir. [Fr. maille a mesh of a net, mail, from Lat. macula

mãil (1), *maille, *mayle, *male, (1), *maile, s. (2) A machine for beheading. The Scotch maiden

gin; virginity. was introduced into Scotland by the Regent Mor

=a spot, a mesh of a net, a net; Ital. maglia.]

2. The hymen or virginal membrane. ton, who died by its ax, 1581. The murderers of

I. Literally and Technically:
Rizzio were executed by it in 1566; and the Marquis

*3. Newness, freshness.
“If that the devil and mischance look big

1. Armor: A flexible armor of rings or scales, of Argyle, 1681. The maiden was not so complete an

Upon the maidenhead of our affairs"

covering the body, or body and limbs, according to instrument as the guillotine.

Shakesp.: Henry IV., Pt. I., iv. 1. its extent. Chain-mail consisted of steel or iron « The rude old guillotine of Scotland called the

the *4. The head of the Virgin Mary. The word in this rings interlacing each other; of this sort were the maiden." -Macaulay: Hist. Eng., ch. v. sense is only found as a tavern sign. (Eng.)

shirts of mail. Plate-mail consisted of plates of II. Technically:

māid-en-like, a. (Eng. maiden: -like.) Like steel or brass overlapping and riveted together. 1. Cricket: An over in which no runs are made; a maid or virgin; maidenly, modest.

"To have done, is to hang a maiden over.. (OVER, 8.1

Quite out of fashion, like a rusty mail 2. Racing: A horse which has never won a race. maid'-en-19-něss, s. [English maidenly; -ness.]

In monumental mockery." “ The conditions contain no allowance for maidens."The quality or state of being maidenly; that be

Shakesp.: Troilus and Cressida, iii. & London Daily Telegraph.

havior which becomes or befits a maid; modesty. 2. Naut.: A series of interwoven rings, like mail. B. As adjective:

māid-en-1ỹ, *mayd-en-ly, a. & adv. [English armor or net-work, fastened on some stout subI. Ordinary Language: maiden; -ly.)

stance, as canvas, used for rubbing off the loose 1. Literally:

fibers on cordage. A. As adjective:

3. Weaving: One of the small brass eyes through (1) Of or pertaining to a maid, young woman, or 1. Like a maiden; modest, meek.

which the end or worsted yarn passes in a Brussels

2. Becoming or befitting a maiden. virgin.

" It is not friendly, 'tis not maidenly: (2) Consisting of maids or young women.

carpet-loom, and by which it is lifted in order to

Our sex, as well as I, may chide you for it." ) Like a maiden.

form the loop which distinguishes the surface of “Once I encountered him, and thus I said,

Shakesp.: Midsummer Night's Dream, iii. 2. that variety of carpet. Thou maiden youth, be vanquish'd by a maid."

B. As adverb: Like a maiden; in a maidenly *II. Fig.; Any defensive covering or protection. Shakesp.: Henry VI., Pt. I., iv, 7. manner.

“We strip the lobster of his scarlet mail."--Gay. cãte, făt, färe, amidst, whãt, fåll, father; wē, wět, bëre, camel, hēr, thêre; pine, pit, sîre, sir, marine; gó, pot,




[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

mail-clad, a. Clad in a coat of mail.
malled (1), a. (Eng. mail (1), s.; -ed.]

mäim -ěd-1š, *maym-ed-ly, adv. (English “No mail-clad serfs, obedient to their lord, I. Ordinary Language:

maimed: -ly.) In a maimed, crippled, or defective In grim array the crimson cross demand."

manner; deficiently. Byron: Elegy on Newstead Abbey. 1. Clad in a coat of mail; covered with armor.

“I am to crave pardon for that I rather leave it out altomall-covered, a. The same as MAIL-CLAD

“Thou beckonest with thy mailèd hand,

gether, then presume to doe it maymedly."-Haokluyt: (q.v.).

And I am strong again."

Voyages, i. 614. “The mail-covered barons, who proudly to battle

Longfellow: Light of Stars. māim -ěd-ně88, 8. (Eng. maimed; -ness.] The Led their vassals." 2. Spotted, speckled.

quality or state of being maimed. Byron: On Leaving Newstead Abbey. 3. Deposited in the mail.

māin, *māine, a. & 8. (O. Fr. maine, magne mail-net, 8.

II. Zool.: Protected by plates, or anything simi. from Lat. magnus=great.) Fabric: A form of loom-made net, which is a lar. (See the compound.)

A. As adjective: combination of common gauze and whip-net in the mailed-cheeks, s. pl. same fabric. The whole is a succession of right

1. Mighty, great, vast. angled triangles, of which the woof forms the basis, Ichthy.: A popular name for the acanthopterous You may as well go stand upon the beach, the gauze part the perpendiculars, and the whip part family Sclerogenidæ, of which scientific term it is And bid the main flood bate his usual height." the hypothenuse. The gauze and whip parts are an almost literal translation. The name refers to

Shakesp.: Merchant of Venice, iv. 1. stretched on separate beams.

the enlargement in fishes of this family of certain 2. Principal, chief; the first in rank, importance,

bones of the head and gillcovers to form a bony size, &c. mail-sheathed, a. The same as MAIL-CLAD

armor for the cheeks. (q. v.).

"All perfectly agreeing in the main articles."-Porteus, mālled (2), a. (MELL (1), v.; Fr. méler.) Mixed. vol. i., lec. 2. măil (2), māle (2), 8. 10. Fr. male (Fr, malle), from

3. Important, powerful, large. 0. H. Ger. malaha: M. H. Ger. malhe=a

"Mailed wi' the bluid of a bit skirling wean that was leathern wallet; Gael. & Ir. malara bag, a sack;

hurt some gate."-Soott: Heart of Mid-Lothian, ch. xvii. 4. Directly applied; direct, pure, sinple. Icel. malera knapsack.)

mail-in, mail-ing, 8. [MAIL (3), 8.) A farm; a 18:

5. Absolute, direct, pure; as, a main untruth.

(Scotch.) *1. A bag; a box for holding goods or baggage; a piece of land for which rent or feu duty is paid. trunk. a portmanteau. (Eng.) (Scotch.)

B. As substantive : 2. A bag for the conveyance of letters; a mail-bag "A mailing that would be dear o' a pund Scots."-Scott: I. Ordinary Language: (q. v.),

Antiquary, ch. iv. 3. The letters, papers, books, &c., conveyed by

1. That which is chief, principal, or first in im mail-Ing. pr. par. or a. SMAIL (2), v.] (See the portance, size, rank, &c.; the chier part, the

part, the gros the post.

the bulk. 4. The person or conveyance by which the mail is compound.)

2. Specit., the ocean, the high sea, the great sea. carried. mailing-machine, s. A machine for attaching

“Then up and spake an old sailor, mail-bag, 8. A letter-bag made of leather or addresses to newspapers, &c., for transmission by

Had sailed the Spanish main." canvas, for containing letters, newspapers, and mail.

Longfellow: Wreck of the Hesperus. other printed matter for conveyance through the *māille (1), 8. [MAIL (1), s.)

*3. A continent, the mainland. post-otlice. Mail-bag receiver and discharger: An apparatus *mãille (2), *maile, 8. (Fr., from 0. Fr. meaille:

"Swell the curled waters 'bove the main."

Shakesp.: Lear, iii. 1. for receiving mail-bags from or delivering them to from Lat. metallum=metal.] A name given to sev

eral coins of various denominations and values: railway-cars in motion at stations along the line.

4. The chief or principal point; the most impor. (1) A small copper coin of the value of half a denier, tant poi mail-boat, 8. A vessel which carries the mail; current in France a mail-steamer.

“Let's make haste away and look unto the main." under the kings

Shakesp.: Henry VI., Pt. II., i. 1. mail-carrier, s.

of the Capetian 1. Gen.: One who or that which carries the mail; halfpenny cur. race; (2) a silver

II. Technically:

1. Bank.: A banker's shovel for coin. (Eng.) as, He was United States mail-carrier, or, Train rent in the reign

2. Hydraul.: A large or principal water or gas No. 3 is a mail-carrier, &c. of Henry V.

pipe. The smaller are termed supply or service II. Specif.: One of a corps of salaried servants of maille - poble,

pipes or branches. the general government attached to the Post-office subst.

3. Naut.: The middle or principal mast, hatchDepartment, and employed in our larger cities and

Num is.: The

way, &c., in a three-masted vessel. In all twotowns in the delivery of the mails to the persons English hall.


miasted vessels, except the yawl, galiot, and ketclı, addressed, either at their homes or at their places of noble of the time of Edward III., a gold coin of the

the main is the aftermost mast. A brig or schooner business. Of late years this branch of the public value of 80 cents.

has a fore and main mast. With a yawl or ketch service has become a most important and efficient

the forward mast is the larger, and is called the department, and the free delivery of mail matter at tmail-măn, 8. (Eng. mail (2), and man.) A man main-mast, the other being the mizzen. the place addressed is a notable feature of Ameri- employed to carry the mail.

In the main. *For the main : For the most part. oan urban life. The carriers are all uniformed, and "The mailman had left a bottle of rum as he rode "These notions concerning coinage bave, are controlled by the civil service regulations. by."--Gentleman's Magazine.

been put into writing above twelve months."-Locke. mail-cart, 8. A cart employed in postal service. māim, *maime, *maym, *may-hem, *mey- main-body, 8. mail-coach, s. A stage coach which, prior to the hem, v. t. 10. Fr. mehaigner=to maim; Ital. magag. Mil.: That part of an army which marches beintroduction of railways, carried the mails. nare, cf. Bret. machaña=to maim.) (MAIM, 8.

tween the advance and rear guards; in camp, that

1. Lit.: To deprive of the use of a limb; to dis- body which lies between the two wings. mail-guard, 8. An official in charge of a mail. able by mutilation; to cripple, to mutilate. coach. (Eng.)

2. Fig.: To deprive of any necessary or constituent main-boom, 8. mail-master, s. An officer in charge of a mail. part; to cripple, to disable.

Naut.: The lower spar of a small vessel on which “old disciples may turn away from her maimed rites the main-sail is extended. mali-matter, 8. Matter to be carried by mail, and dismantled temples."-Macaulay: Hist. Eng., ch. 11. such as letters, papers, &c.

main-breadth. 8. mail-room, 8. A room or apartment in which

māim, *maime, *mai-hem, *may-hem, *ma- Shipbuild.: The broadest part at any particular the letters, papers, &c., composing a mail are

him, 8. (O. Fr. mehaing, a word of doubtful origin; frame. sorted.

cf. Bret. machañ=mutilation; Ital. magagna=a Main-breadth line :
defect, a blemish.)

Shipbuild.: A line on the surface of a vessel cutmail-route, 8. The route by which a mail is

ting each of the cross sections at the point where

I. Ordinary Language: conveyed.

its breadth is greatest. In vessels having a "straight mail-steamer, 8. A fast-sailing steamer char. 1. An injury done to a man by depriving him of of breadth "vertically, there are two main-breadth tered by government for the conveyance of mails. the use of some member; mutilation, crippling; a lines, at the upper and lower boundary of tho mail-train, 8. A fast train by which the mails laming or crippling burt.

straight of breadth respectively. are conveyed.

"Humphrey, duke of Gloster, scarce himself,

main-center, s. mãil (3), 8. (A.S. mdl=a portion, a share; Icel.

That bears so shrewd a maim." mál; Dan. maal.] An old Scotch term for rent.

Shakesp.: Henry VI., Pt. II., ii. 3. Steam-engin.: In side-lever engines, the strong

shaft upon which the side-levers vibrate. (1) Grass-mail: Rent paid for cattle sent to 2. The deprivation of some necessary or constitugraze on the pastures of another. ent part.

main-chance, s. One's own interests generally; (2) Black-mail: [BLACKMAIL.

3. Injury, hurt, damage.

self-interest. (3) Mails and duties: The rents of an estate, “Think what a maim you give the noble cause."

"Desire him to have a care of the main-chance."Howwhether in money or grain.

Beaum, & Flet.: Tamer Tamed, ii. 2. ell: Letters, p. 205. mail-payer, s. One who pays rent. (Scotch.) 4. An essential defect.

main check-valve, s. *máil (1), mayle, v. t. (MAIL (1), 8.]

"Such was Lucullus' imperfection and maim, either by Steam-eng.: A valve belonging to the Giffard 1. To invest in a coat of mail; to arm with a coat chiefest thing & general should have, which was, to be boiler. should anything go wrong with the injector.

1. To invest in a coat of mail: to arm with a coat nature or Trowardness of fortune, that he lacked the injector, to prevent water running out of the of mail; to arm generally.

beloved." -North: Plutarch, p. 424. 2. To invest with a covering of any kind; to cover

main-couple, 8. up; to wrap up.

II. Old Law: An injury done to a man by vio"Methinks I should not thus be led along.

Carp.: The principal truss in a roof. lently depriving him of a member proper for his Vailed up in shame, with papers on my back." defense in fight, as a means either of defense or of

*main-course, 8. The main-sail of a squareShakesp.: Henry VI., Pt. II., ii. 4. offense.

rigged vessel. 3. To pinion; to fasten down, as the wings of a

“A man's limbs (by which for the present we only Down with the topmast; yare, lower, lower; bring her bawk. (Beaum. & Flet.: Philaster, v.)

understand those members which may be useful to him to try with main-course." -Shakesp.: Tempest, i. 1.

in fight, and the loss of which alone amounts to mayhem mãil (2), v.t. [MAIL (2), 8.) To put into the mail; by the common law) are also the gift of the wise Creator

main-deck, 8. to send by mail; to post; to put into a post-office to enable him to protect himself from external injuries in

Shipbuild.: The deck next above the lower deck. for transmission.

& state of nature."-Blackstone: Comment., bk. i., ch. 1. main-guard, s. mãil-a-ble, a. (Eng. mail (2), s.; -able.] That maimed, *maymed, *y-maymed, pa. par. or a. Mil.: A body of horse posted before a camp for may or can be mailed or carried in the mail. (MAIM, v.]

the safety of the army. boll, boy; pout, Jowl; cat, çell, chorus, chin, bench; go, gem; thin, this; sin, aş; expect, Xenophon, exist. ph = 1.

« ZurückWeiter »