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mae măd'-hěad-ěd, a. [Eng. mad, a., and headed.] mad-0-quă, s. (Native name.]

madreporic-tubercle, 8. The same as MADREAadbrained, hotbrained, mad, foolish.

200l.: Antilope saltiana or Neotragus saltianus, PORIFORM-TUBERCLE (9.v.). "Out, you madheaded ape!"

a diminutive antelope about the size of a hare, “The so-called madreporic-tubercle."-Rolleston: Porms Shakesp.: Henry IV., Pt. I., ii. 3. common in Abyssinia. Legs short and slender; the of Animal Life, p. 192. măd-house, 8. (Eng. mad, a., and house.) A males alone bear horns, which are short and con- măd-rě-por-1-dæ, 8. pl. [Mod. Lat. madrehouse or asylum for the cure and treatment of luna ical. The foreparts are rufous, but gray is the por(a): Lat. fem. pl. adj. suff. -ida.) tics; a lunatic asylum. prevailing hue.

1. Zool.: The typical family of the Madreporaria. “By statute for regulating private madhouses." -Black. Ma-drăs', 8. [See def.]

The corallum is much branched, the openings of stone: Comment., bk. i., ch. 8.

the polype cells constituting orbicular, tubercular ma-dha-ca, 8. [Sansc.] (See the compound.) Geog.: A city and presidency in India.

prominences, with few rays. There are usually Madras-bulbul, &.

twelve small, short tentacles. madhuca-tree, s.

Ornith.: Pycnonotus hæmorrhous, a small bird 2. Palæont.: The family commences in the CreBot.: Bassia butyracea, the Indian butter-tree, very common in Ceylon, the Neilgherries, and some taceous rocks. which grows in Nepaul and the Almorah Hills. other parts of India. It has an unmusical chirp, măd-rě-pör-1-form, adj. (Eng. madrepor(e); The seeds, when bruised and pressed, yield a vege- though it has been called the Ceylon nightingale. i connective, and form.) table butter, which may be used in the manufacture It is kept in the Carnatic for fighting purposes. It Zool.: Perforated with small holes like a coral. of soap and candles, or with cloves and attar of tries to pull out the red feathers of its antagonist.

madreporiform-tubercle, s. roses, as an unguent for the hair, &c. It is largely It makes a neat nest of roots, grass, hair, spiders' employed as an illuminating agent, and is said to webs, &c., in a low bush; the eggs are reddish

Zool.: A spongy tubercle, perforated by minute possess curative properties in rheumatism and con- brown, blotched and speckled.

apertures, and rising from a genital plate, or from traction of the limbs. (Prof. Watt, &c.)

T Madras System of Education: The system of

the center of the apical disc. Its function appears mā'-di-a, 8. [Latinized from the Chilian name mutual instruction by means of monitors, under to be that of admitting water to the body-cavity, the superintendence of a head teacher. It was

excluding injurious solid particles. It is found in madi.) introduced by Rev. Dr. Andrew Bell into the

the Echinoidea, the Asteroidea, the Ophiuroidea, Bot. A genus of Composites, tribe Sphenogynew. Only known species, Madia sativa, cultivated for orphan institution of Madras, India. Dr. Bell was

and the Holothuroidea. (Nicholson.) the seeds in its native regions, California and Chili. the clergyman

măd -rě-pör-ite, s. [Eng., &c., madrepore; -ite The flowers, which are yellow, are in nearly globu. o St. Mary S

(Palæont.); Fr. madréporite.] lar heads. Church, at

1. Palæont.: A fossil madrepore. Madras, when madia-oil, 8. Oil expressed without heat from

2. Petrol.: A calcareous rock, marked with radihe first tried Madia sativa. It is transparent, yellow, and with

ated, prismatic concretions, like the stars of mad. his system.

repores. Found in Norway, in Greenland, in Salzout odor; it may be used for salads or for oil-cake

burg, &c. Called also Columnar Carbonate of

măd'-r -
for cattle.
*măd-id, a. (Lat. madidus, from madeo=to be

Lime, and Anthraconite (q.v.).
he pērl, s. [Ital.

măd-ri-a'-lê, s. [Ital.] A word derived from wet or moist.) Wet, moist. from madre=

madrigal, and as, in the early operas, madrigals *măd -Ish, a. [MADDISH.) mother, and

were performed between the acts, without pecesmăd-18-tër -1-ům, 8. [Gr. madistērion.] perla = pearl.)

sarily having any connection with them, the word Mother of Surg.: A pair of tweezers; an instrument for ex- pearl. (Long

came to be applied to any species of intermezzo. tracting hairs.

măd-riër, măd -ri-ēr, 8. (Fr.) fellow.) mădj -Ôun, măj -Ôun, 8. [Arab. majun = an mă d-r

Military Engineering: electuary.) A preparation from the hemp-plant, pör:-a, s.

1. A thick, iron-plated plank, having a cavity to used as an intoxicating drug by the Turks, Hindus, (MADREPORE.)

receive the mouth of a petard, which is applied to and others.

a gate or other obstacle to be blown down. 1. Zool.: The

2. A beam laid in a ditch to support a wall; or in măd -19, *madde-lye, adv. (Eng. mad, a.; -ly.] typical genus

a mine or bomb-proof to support a side or roof. 1. In a mad manner; like a madman or lunatic. of the family Madrepora Longicyathus.

3. A plank lined with tin and covered with earth Madreporidæ “Wast thou mad that so madly thou didst answer me?"

to form roofs over certain portions of military (q. v.). The animals are actiniform, rather short, works to afford protection against fires in lodg. -Shakesp.: Comedy of Errors, ii. 2.

with twelve simple tentacles; the cells are irregu- ments, &c. 2. Franticly, furiously.

larly scattered over the surface. The corallum m ădi-ri-gal. s. [Ital. madrigale for mandrigale, "The crowd that madly heaves and presses." which is arborescent or frondescent, is very porous Longfellow: Golden Legend, ii. 2. Palæont.: The genus commences in tho Eocene,

s from mandra=a herd; Lat. mandra=a stall, a

stable: Gr. mandra: Sp.& Port, madrigal. Grove's 3. Like one infatuated; with extreme folly.

măd-re-pör-al, adj. [Eng. madrepor(e); -al.] Dict. Music suggests the alternative etyms.: (1) "He heard, and madly at the motion pleas'a, Pertaining to madrepores; consisting of madre- Ital. madre=mother, as the first madrigals were His polished bow with hasty rashness seized." pores.

addressed to the Virgin mother; (2) a corruption of Pope: Homer's Iliad iv. 135. măd-rě-pör-är-1-a, 8. pl. (Mod. Lat. madre. Sp. madrugada=the dawn, used as= ltal. mattinata măd'-man, *madde-man, 8. [Eng. mad, a., and por(a); Lat. neut. pl. adj. suff. -aria.]

=morning song; (3) from the name in Old Castile.) man.

Zool.: White stony corals or madrepores, a sub- 1. Poet.: A little amorous poem, sometimes also 1. A person disordered in the mind; a person of order of Zoantharia, class Anthozoa. If the animal called a pastoral poem, containing some delicate deranged intellect; a lunatic.

be simple it resembles a sea anemone, having one and tender though simple thought, and consisting “This makes the madmen who have made men mad."

or more ranges of tentacles, with an internal disc of not less than three or four stanzas or strophes. Byron: Childe Harold, iii. 43.

opening in a small mouth. The body may be cup. Madrigals were first composed in Italy, those of

like, flat, bell-shaped, tubular, or compressed like Tasso being accounted among the finest specimens 2. One who is inflamed with extravagant or un- a fan. Externally, the body is covered with a disc. of Italian poetry. In thesixteenth and seventeenth controllable passion; one who is beside himself

underneath which are various septa. A columella centuries especially the writing of madrigals flourwith passion; one who acts extravagantly or without reason.

may or may not exist on the axis. The interstices ished in England, the chief writers being Suckling,

and walls of the cells are always porous. Some Carew, Lodge, and Withers. măd'-ně88, 8. [Eng. mad, a.; -ness.)

corals are simple and separate, others are com- 2. Music: An important species of vocal poly1. The quality or state of being mad or disordered pound, budding from the parent. They exist on phonic composition which reached its highest in mind; a state of disordered or deranged mind or the floor of the sea at all depths, from water level development between the middle of the sixteenth intellect; lunacy.

down to 3,000 fathoms. The sub-order is very and the middle of the seventeenth centuries. “Madness laughing in his ireful mood."

numerous, both in genera and individuals. The Madrigals are of various kinds-(1) Simple melodies Dryden: Palamon and Aroite, ii. 582.

reef-building corals, among others, belong to it. accompanied by other parts not containing counter

It is divided into three groups: (1) Madreporaria point or imitation; (2) elaborate compositions 2. Extremity of folly; headstrong or uncontrol. aporosa, (2) Madreporaria perforata, and (3) full of contrapuntal devices, s lable passion; ungovernable fury or rage. Madreporaria rugosa.

of two or more movements. Strictly speaking, "But in him it was not easy to distinguish the madness măd-rě-pöre, 8. [Fr. madrépore : Ital. madre.

re madrigals are an unaccompanied class of pieces; a produced by evil passions from the madness produced by pora, from madre = mother, and Gr. põros = tuff

few, however, have been written with instrumental brandy.”-Macaulay: Hist. Eng., ch. v. stone (Littré); or the first element may be Fr. accomo

accompaniments. Madrigals are always sung by 3. Foolish actions or conduct.

madré=spotted: 0. Fr. madre. mazre=a kind of several voices to each part. The number of parts in "And I gave my heart to know wisdom and to know knotty wood with brown spots; O. H. Ger. mosar;

which they were written varies from three to ten; madness and folly."--Ecclesiastes i. 17. N. H. Ger. maser=a knot, grain, or vein in wood, a

but the favorite number of parts during the classiMadness and frenzy are used in the physical Speck: (Mahn.)]

cal period above named was five or six. and moral sense ; rage and fury alone in the moral

1. Strictly: The English name of the genus Mad- măd-ri-găl-1-an, a. (Eng. madrigal; -ian.) Of sense: in the first case, madness is a confirmed re hess is a confirmad repora.

or pertaining to madrigals. derangement in the organ of thought; frenzy is nie

2. Loosely: Any coral distinguished by superfi.


cial star-shaped cavities. (Lyell.) only a temporary derangement from the violence of

măd -ri-gal-Ist, s. [Eng. madrigal; -ist.) A fever. Rage refers more immediately to the agita

| The Common Madrepore of the Devonshire writer or composer of madrigals. tion that exists within ; fury refers to that which coast is Caryophyllia smithii.

*măd'-ri-gal-lēr, s. [Eng. madrigal; er.) A shows itself outwardly: a person contains or stifles măd-rě-pör-ic, adj. (Eng., &c., madrepor(e); writer or composer of madrigals. his rage; but his fury breaks out into some exter. -ic.

Zool.: Pierced with minute holes like a madre

Măd-ri-lēn'-1-an, a. & s. (See def.]
Dal mark of violence. (Crabb: Eng. Synon.)
Raving madness :
pore; madreporiform (q. v.).

A. As adj.: Of or pertaining to Madrid. Pathol. : A popular name for mania (q. v.).

"The one nearest the madreporic inter-radius.”—Rob B. As subst.: A native or inhabitant of Madrid. ma-don'-na, *ma-don'-a, 8. [Ital., from ma= leston: Forms of Animal Life, p. 144.

ma-dris'-82, 8. (MEDRISSA.) my and donna (Lat. domina)=lady.) The Italian madreporic-canals, 8. pl.

măd-wort, s. [A corruption of Eng. madderwort.) equivalent for madam.

Zool.: Canals connecting the ambulacral system

Botany : “Two faults, madonna, that drink and good counsel

sal of starfishes with the openings in the surface. (Ros- 1. Asperugo, and specially A. procumbens, more will amend."-Shakesp.: Twelfth Night, i. 5. siter.)

fully termed German Madwort. It is applied specifically to the Virgin Mary, as madreporic-plate, 8.

2. The genus Alyssum. (Loudon.) the English "Our Lady;" hence, pictures of the 200l.: A rounded, calcareous mass on the dorsal mãe, ma, moe, a. (A. S. marmore.] More. Virgin are called Madonnas. surface of a starfish. (Rossiter.)

(Scotch.) fate, făt, färe, amidst, whāt, fâli, father; wē, wět, höre, camel, bőr, thêre; pine, pit, siro, sir, marine; gó, pot,

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mæ-an-dri'-ną, 8. (MEANDRINA.]

*măg-a-dize, v. i. [Gr. magadizo, from maga. base, 3C1H N-3H2 = C30H21N3 = azo-dinaphthylaMæ-çē -năs, s. (Lat., the name of the prime dis.]

mine, and this, on being combined with hydro

Music: minister and intimate friend of Augustus, died

chloric acid, forms the Magdala-red of commerce. B. C.8.) (See extract.)

1. To play upon the magadis.

It is a dark-brown, somewhat crystalline powder, 2. To play in octaves.

possessing a tinctorial power equal to fuchsine, but * The name of Marcenas has been made immortal by Horace and Virgil, and is popularly used to designate an

surpassing it in being a very fast color.

ma-găs', 8. (Gr.) Booom plished statesman, who lives in close intimacy with Music:

măg-da-lěn, 8. [After Mary Magdalene (Luke the greatest poets and wits of his time, and heaps benefits 1. The bridge of a cithara.

vii. 36-50). thongh it is not universally accepted on them with the most delicate generosity."-Macaulay:

2. A fret.

that she was the woman referred to in the passage.] Hist. Eng. ch. xxiv.

măg-a-zine', *mag-a-zin, 8. rold Fr. magazin Aroformed prostitute; an inmate of a female peni. mæg-bote, s. [A. S. mæg=kinsman, and bote= (Fr. magasin), from Ital. magazzino=a storehouse, te

tentiary. compensation. Compensation for the murder or from Arab. makhzan (pl. makházin)=a storehouse, magdalen-hospital, magdalen-asylum, 8. An killing of a kinsman.

a granary, a cellar; khazn=a laying-up in store; asylum or institution for the reception of prosti. mäel-strom, 8. (Danish=millstream.) A cele Sp. magacen, almagacen.)

tutes, with a view to their reformation; a female brated whirlpool near the island of Moskoe, off the I. Ordinary Language:

penitentiary. coast of Norway. It is especially dangerous in

An order of Penitents of St. Magdalen was winter, when it rages so furiously as to be heard 1. A storehouse or receptacle in which any things

formed at Marseilles in 1272. Similar communities many miles off, and to swallow up small vessels are stored; a warehouse.

followed at Naples and Metz. The Magdalen Hog. which approach it.

"Stores from the royal magazine I bring;

pital in London was founded in 1758.

And their own darts shall pierce the prince and king." maen, mane, v. i. (MOAN, v.]

Pope: Homer's Odyssey xii. 166. măg-dā -lě õn, s. [Gr. magdalia=the crumb of mæ-na, 8. (Lat., from Gr. mainē=a small sea- 2. A pamphlet or journal periodically published,

bread.) fish which was salted.] and containing miscellaneous essays or composi

Medicine: Ichthy. The typical genus of the sub-family tions.

1. A pill, Mænides (q. v.). The common species, Mana vul. 11. Technically

2. A roll of plaster. garis, inhabits the Mediterranean, feeding on small

II. Technically: fish and naked mollusks.

Măg'-dě-bũrg, 8. (See def.)
1. Fort.: A building, vault, or apartment designed
for the storage of ammunition, gunpowder, and

Geog.: A town on the Elbe.
mæ-năd, 8. (Gr. mainas (genit. mainados), from other explosive substances. Magazines in field for: Magdeburg Centuries, s. pl.
mainomai=to be mad. A woman who took part in tifications are constructed in the most sheltered
the orgies of Bacchus; hence, a raving, frenzied parts of the work, partly underground where prac-

Church Hist.: The name given to the first comwoman. ticable, and are lined with timber or with gabions,

prehensive work by Protestant divines on Church

history. The name is appropriate because it was the ceiling being of timber or railway metals. The mæ-nl-dēş, 8. pl. (Lat. mæn(a); masc. or fem.

planned and begun at Magdeburg, and because it whole is covered with a sufficient thickness of earth adj. suff. -ides.]

was divided into centuries. to render the structure bomb-proof. Permanent

Baronius wrote his Ichthy.: A sub-family of Sparidæ, having the magazines are usually constructed of brick, and

Annales Ecclesiastici in reply to the Centuries mouth protrusible. The species abound in the Mediterranean. and should be surrounded by an eartben mound, so

[CENTURIATOR.] that in case of explosion the tendency of the explo Magdeburg-hemispheres, 8. pl. A device for mæ-nür-ą,8. (MENURA.] sive force may be upward.

ascertaining the amount of atmospheric pressure *maer, *maör, s. (Gael. maor, maoir=an under

“Here, throughout the siege, had been

on a given surface, consisting of hemispheres of bailiff.] 'A steward of the royal lands under the

The Christians' chiefest magazine,"

brass whose edges are carefully ground together to mormaer or great steward. (MORMAER. )

Byron: Siege of Corinth, xxi. make an air-tight joint. The experiment originated mæ'-sa, 8. [Latinized from maas, the Arabic 2. Firearms: A chamber in a gun containing a with Otto Guericke, burgomaster of Magdeburg, succession of cartridges, which are fed one by one

about 1654. The edges of the hemispheres, being name of the species.) automatically, and loaded at the breech of the gun.

greased with oil or tallow, are brought together, Bot.: The typical genus of the tribe Meseæ. I [MAGAZINE-RIFLE.)

and a stop-cock in one of them screwed into the consists of trees or shrubs, with alternate entire or

3. Naut.: On shipboard the magazine is an apart

center of an air-pump plate. The cock being toothed leaves, and small flowers simple or compound; generally with axillary racemes. They are

ment placed sufficiently below the water-line to be opened, and a few strokes of the pump made, the sa fe, under ordinary contingencies, from tho en S

sphere is thus exhausted of contained air, and, the found in Africa, Asia, and Australia. emy's shot. It is lined with sheet-copper, and has

cock being closed, is removed from the plate and ma-se-e, s. pl. [Mod. Lat. mes(a); Lat. fem. tiers of shelves on three sides and in the middle for

affixed to a handle, and is ready for the illustration pl. adj. suff. -ea.). the reception of the copper canisters, in which the

of the atmospheric pressure. Nearly fifteen pounds

of force to the square inch will be required to draw cartridges for the heavy guns are contained. Bot.: A tribe of Myrsinacea.

them asunder. To separate them readily, it is only

4. Domestic: A chamber in a stoveor furnace conma-ěs-to-so, adv. [Ital.) Yusic. A direction in music that the passage to the combustion chamber as the fire consumes that taining a supply of fuel, which falls or is fed into necessary to open the stop-cock and re-admit air.

*māge, 8. (Lat. magus; Gr. magos=a Magian, which it is appended is to be played with dignity, previously introduced.

one of a Median tribe, an enchanter, a magician.) grandeur, and strength. Mães -tricht, s. (See def.)

magazine cartridge-box, subst. A cartridge re. [MAGI.] A magician.

ceiver attached to a gun, or to the person near the “The hardy maid ... the dreadful Mage there found Geog.: A town of Holland, on the Maes. gun, to facilitate loading.

Depe busied 'bout worke of wondrous end." Maestricht-beds, 8. pl.

Spenser: F. Q., III. iii. 14. magazine-rifle, 8. Geol.: A series of calcareous beds a hundred feet Firearms: (For def. see extract.)

Măg-ěl-lăn:-ic. a. [See def.) Pertaining to thick, on the banks of the Meuse at Maestricht, "By a magazine-rifle is meant a rifle that contains within

Magellan, a celebrated Portuguese navigator. about the age of the Faxoe beds-i.e., the highest itself-presumably in the butt-a magazine or reservoir Magellanic-clouds, 8. pl. Three conspicuous part of the Upper Cretaceous Rocks. Like the (holding a limited number of cartridges), combined with whitish nebulæ, of a cloud-like appearance, near chalk immediately below, the Maestricht calcare- mechanical action which, by trigger pressure only or the south pole. ous rock contains Belemnitella mucronata, Pecten at all events with the aid of one other motion-performs quadricostatus, &c., also the genera Braculites, all the functions of loading; so that, the magazine being Magellanic-province, s. Hamites, &c., which are only mesozoic. On the filled beforehand, the firer can repeat his shots almost as

Zool. & Geog.: A marine province including the other hand, it has the univalve mollusks Voluta quickly as he can take aim and fire."-Saturday Revier.

coasts of Tierra del Fuego and the Falkland Island Fasciolaria, genera not commencing elsewhere magazine-stove, s. A stove in which is a fuel. ande, those of South America from Point Melo on till the Tertiary. It is a connecting link between chamber which supplies coal to the fire as that in the east to Concepcion on the west. the Secondary and the Tertiary Rocks, but in all the gra te burns away. essential respects belongs to the former. In the

Ma-gěn'-tą, 8. (See def.]

măg-a-zine'.v. t. & i. (MAGAZINE, 8.] Maestricht beds of St. Peter's Mount was found the

1. Geog.: A city of Italy, 24 miles N. W. of Pavia, huge reptile, Mososaurus (q. v.).

A. Trans.: To store up, as in a magazine; to celebrated for the defeat of the Austrians by the

accumulate for future use. ma-ěs-tro, 8. (Ital.] A master in any art;

French and Sardinians, June 4, 1859. specif., a master in music, a composer.

“Being magazined up in a diary might serve for mate 2. Chem.: One of the red dyes from aniline. [ANI. rials."--North: Examen, p. 222.

LINE-RED.) ma-feie, adv. (O. Fr.=my faith.) By or on my

B. Intrans.: To conduct or edit a magazine. faith.

măg8, v. t. (Etym. doubtful.) To steal.

“Urban or Sylvan, or whatever name *măf-file, r. i. (O. Dut. maffelen, moffelen=to

măgg, 8. (Etym. doubtful.] (Mag.)

Delight thee most, thou foremost in the fame stammer; Prov. Ger. maffeln, vaffeln=to prattle.

Of magazining chiefs, whose rival page,

1. A halfpenny. (Slang.) It is probably of imitative origin. To stammer.

With monthly medley, courts the curious age."

2. (PI.) A gratuity which servants expect from "The familiar friends and schollers... of Aris.

Byrom: The Passive Participle's Petition. those to whom they drive any goods. (Scotch.) totle (did imitate him) in his stammering and mafling *măg-â-zin -ēr, 8. (Eng. magazin(e); -er.] One măg-gi-mõn -1-feēt, 8. (For Maggy many feet.) speech."-P. Holland: Plutarch, p. 74. who writes in or for a magazine.

A centipede. (Scotch.) *măr-fēr, subst. [Eng. majl(e); -er.] One who “If a magaziner be dull upon the Spanish war he soon mă g-gi-ör'-ê, a. [Ital.) stammers or stutters; a stammerer.

has us up again with the ghost in Cock Lane."--Gold"Who enjoyne stutters, stammerers, and maflers to smith: Essay 9.

Music: Major, as a scale or interval. sing." --P. Holland: Plutarch, p. 535.

imăg-a-zîn'-Ist, s. [Eng. magazin(e); -ist.] Them ăg-got, *mag-at, *mag-ot, *mak-ed, subst. măg, s. (A contraction for magpie (q. v.).) same as MAGAZINER (q. v.).

[Wel. macai, maceiad = a maggot; magiaid =

worms, grubs, from magiad=breeding; magad=a 1. A halfpenny. (Eng. Slang.)

"The modern magazinist is a pitiable poetaster."

brood; magu=to breed.) *It can't be worth a mag to him."-Dickens: Bleak Mortimer Collins: Thoughts in my Garden, i. 102. House, ch. liv. Măg'-da-la, 8. [Sce def.]

I. Ordinary Language: 2. Talk, chatter. (Slang.) Geog.: The capital of Abyssinia.

1. Lit.: The larva of a fly or other insect; a grub,

a worm. "If you have any mag in you."- Mad. D' Arblay: Diary Magdala-red, s.

2. Figuratively: 1. 100.

Chem. : Naphthaline-red. A beautiful red dye dis (1) A whim, a crotchet, an odd fancy, *măg-a-dis, s. (Gr. magadis.]

covered in 1867 by. Von Schiendl, at Vienna. It is *(2) A careless, idle fellow. Music: An instrument of twenty strings, on which prepared from naphthylamine by the elimination "You were as great a maggot as any in the world." music could be played in octaves.

of 3 molecules of hydrogen from 3 molecules of the Bailey: Erasmus, p. 177. boll, boy: pout, Jowl; cat, cell, chorus, chin, bench; go, gem; thin, this; sin, aş; expect, Xenophon, exist. ph = f.




II. Music: One of the later names given to fancies, of a child and the rising or setting of a particular Red Sea, and on the coast of Java and the Mauritius. airs, and pieces of an impromptu character. The star, when, in truth, the connection could only be When young the shell of Magilus is spiral and thus, most celebrated of these fancies was that by Moto- subjective. (Tylor: Early Hist. Mankind, ch. vi ; as the animal eats its way horizontally through the ley or Motley.

Prim. Cult., ch. iv., and Encyc. Brit. (ed. 9th), s. v. living mass of coral, it becomes prolonged into an *maggot-pie, *maggoty-pie, 8. The magpie. Magic.)

irregular tube, filled with solid shell matter, the

1° (1) Black magic: Magic proper, or that divis- animal residing at the extremity. The tube is "Augurs and understood relations have

ion of it which in former times fell into the hands sometimes fifteen inches long and very heavy. The By maggot-pies, and choughs, and rooks brought forth The secret'st man of blood."

of unofficial persons, or was practiced with malefic animal has a concentric lamellar operculum, with Shakesp.: Macbeth, iii. 4. intentions.

its nucleus near the outer edge. (Woodward.)

(2) Celestial magic: A supposed supernatural măg'-got-i-ness, 8. [Eng. maggoty; -ness.] The power which gave to spirits a kind of dominion address equivalent to the modern Doctor.

*ma-kis-tēr, s. (Lat.Master, sir; a mode of quality or state of being maggoty or abounding

over the planets, and to the planets an influence with maggots. over man.

măg-18-tër -1-al, a. (Lat. magisterius=belong. măg-got-ish, a. [Eng. maggot; -ish.) Maggoty,

tural magic. The

folving natural ing to a master; magister=a master. whimsical.

causes to produce effects apparently supernatural. I. Ordinary Language: mg-gst-ỹ, a. [Eng. maggot; -.]

(4) Superstitious or geotic magic: The invocation 1. Pertaining to or befitting a master; suitable to

of devils or demons involving the supposition of a master. 1. Full of maggots; infested or abounding with

some tacit or express agreement between them and 2. Domineering, proud, arrogant, insolent, desmaggots..

human beings. 2. Whimsical, capricious.

potic, dogmatic, imperious. (5) White magic:

“He hides behind a magisterial air, “The common saying that a whimsical person is mag. (a) Magic practiced for the benefit of others.

His own offences." Cowper: Charity, 493. goty, or has got maggots in his head, perhaps arose from

(WHITE-WITCH.) the freaks the sheep have been observed to exhibit when

3. Of or pertaining to a magistrate. infested by bots,"-Kirby & Spence: Introd. to Entomol.

“The practice of white-magic is not contrary to the precepts of the Mahometan) religion."-Athenæum.

“The plump convivial parson often bears ogy, p85.

The magisterial sword in vain." (6) The art of performing tricks and exhibiting maggot-headed, a. Having a head full of :

Couper: Task, iv. 536. illusions by aid of apparatus, excluding feats of whims; whimsical, capricious.

*4. Of the rank of a magistrate. dexterity in which there is no deception, together Mā-gi, 8. pl. (MAGE.] The caste of priests with the performance of such automaton figures as

*II. Chem.: Pertaining to magistery. among the ancient Medes and Persians; holy men are actuated in a secret and mysterious manner.

*măg-18-tër-1-1-1-tỹ, subst. [Eng. magisterial; of the East. (Encyc. Brit., ed. 9th.)

-ity.) Domination. The first mention of Magi in history seems to

magic-circle, s. A circle invented by Dr. Frank bo in Jer. xxxix. 3, 13, where one of Nebuchad

"When these statutes were first in the state or magis. nezzar's officers was called Rab-Mag=Chief of the lin, founded upon the same principles and possessing teriality thereof."-Fuller: Ch. Hist., IX. iv. Il. Mavi Herodotus (101) describes them as one of similar properties with the magic square of mag-is-têr'-1-al-lý. adv. Eng. magisterial: -lul the six Median tribes. Afterward they became the squares.

1. In a magisterial manner; with the air of a Persian sacred caste. The Greek word in Matt. ii.1, .magic-lantern, 8. An instrument by which the master; arrogantly, despotically, dogmatically. rendered in the A. V. "wise men," is magoi=Magi. images of objects, usually, but not always, trans- "The claim of infallibility, or even of anthority to preUltimately the caste sunk into mere magicians parent, and paintings or diagrams drawn upon scribe magisterially to the opinions and consciences of [MAGIC.)

glass are exhibited, considerably magnified, upon a men, whether in an individual, or in assemblies and col. mā'-ġi-an, a. & s. (Eng. magi ; -an.)

wall or screen. Its invention has been attributed lections of men, is never to be admitted."-Bp. Horsley,

to Roger Bacon about the year 1261, but it was first vol. ii., ser. 15. A. As adj.; Of or pertaining to the Magi.

generally made known by Baptista Porta in his 2. As a magistrate; in the capacity of a magis. B. As substantive :

Natural Magick, and by Kircher, 1669-70, who de trate 1. One of the Persian Magi; a priest of the Zoroscribed it in his Ars magna Lucis et Umbra. The

"A downright advice may be mistaken, as if it were instrument consists of a case or box to confine all astrian religion.

spoken magisterially."-Bacon: Advice to Villiers, scattered rays from some powerful light which 2. A magician.

occupies the center, and which may be aided by a măg-is-ter-1-al-ness, 8. (English magisterial: “Leave her to me, rejoined the magian."

reflector. On one side of the box powerful lenses -ness. The quality or state of being magisterial: the Keats: Cap and Bells, lx.

condense the diverging rays upon the painting or air and manner of a master; haughtiness, imple Mā'-gi-an-işm, 8. [Eng. magian ; -ism.] The other object, which slides in a sort of stage. Another ousness. doctrines or philosophic tenets of the Magi. object-glass, or focussing lens, usually achromatic, "Peremptoriness is of two sorts; the one a magisterial. (ZOROASTRIANISM.]

throws the image of the highly illuminated objectness in matters of opinion; the other a positiveness in mag-ic, *mag-ike, *mag-ick. a. &s. French upon the screen, the focus being adjusted by sliding relating matters of fact: in the one we impose upon men's this lens nearer to or farther from the object

understandings, in the other on their faith."-Government magique=magical, from Lat. magicus; Gr. magikos, from magos=one of the Magi, an enchanter, a

usually by a rack and pinion. The magnitude of the Tongue. magician ; mageia=magic; Sp., Port. & Ital. mag. the obiect from the lens, and of the lens from the of magisterius=pertaining to a master.

the image depends upon the relative distances of măg-is-tēr-, 8. (Lat. magisterium, neut. sing. ico=magical ; Sp.& Ital. magia-magic.)

screen. Powerful lanterns give a brilliant picture I. Ordinary Language: A. As adjective: twenty feet in diameter of a slide three inches in

! 1. A magisterial injunction; an order given with 1. Of or pertaining to magic; used in magic; as, a diameter.

. authority. magic wand.

magic-square, 8. A square figure formed by a 2. A medicine or remedy supposed to be of excep2. Using or having power to use magic.

series of numbers in mathematical proportion, so tional efficacy; a magistral. " They by the altar stand, while with loose hair disposed in parallel and equal rows that the sum of

*II. Chem.: (See extract.) The magio prophetess begins her prayer."

the numbers in each row or line, taken perpendicuWaller: Virgil's Æneis, iv. larly, horizontally, or diagonally, are equal.

Although magistery be a term variously enough em

ployed by chymists, and particularly used by Paracelsus 8. Working or worked by or as if by magic; as, a magic-tree, s.

to signify very different things; yet the best notion I magic lantern,

Bot.: Cantua buxifolia, a native of Peru. The know of it, and that which I find authorized even by Par4. Having extraordinary or supernatural power; name Magic tree is a rendering of the native Indian acelsus in some passages, where he expresses himself exercising a preternatural influence. name.

more distinctly is, that it is a preparation whereby there "An epic scarce ten centuries could claim,

is not an analysis made, of the body assigned, nor an er. While awe-struck nations hail'd the magic name."

măs'-1c-al, *măg'-10-all, a. (Eng. magic; -al.] traction of this or that principle, but the whole, or very Byron: English Bards and Scotch Reviewers. 1. Of or pertaining to magic.

near the whole body, by the help of some additament, 5. Done or produced by or as if by magic.

2. Having magic or supernatural powers. (Said greater or less, is turned into a body of another kind."

Boyle: Works, i. 637. of things.) "And that distill’d by magic flights, ... Shall draw him on to his confusion." "Some have fancied that envy has a certain magical

măg'-Is-tra-çõ, 8. (Eng. magistra(te); -cy.] Shakesp.: Maobeth, iii. 3. force in it."-Steele: Spectator, No. 19.

1. The office or dignity of a magistrate. B. As substantive:

*3. Having the power of using magic. (Said of "That indistinct and fluctuating character which be 1. The art or pretended art of putting in action persons.)

longs to the accounts of the origins of the other ancient 4. Acting or produced as if by magic.

magistracies." -Lewis: Cred. Early Roman Hist. (1855). the power of spirits; the science or art of producing

ii. 36. preternatural effects by the medium of super

“Arkwright had yet not taught how it might be worked natural means or the aid of departed spirits, or the up with a speed and precision which seem magical."- 2. The whole body of magistrates collectively.

Macaulay: Hist. Eng., ch. iii. occult powers of nature; sorcery, enchantment,

măġ -Is-tral, *măg-is-trall, a.& 8. (Lat. mag. witchcraft.

| Magic differs from magical in that the former istralis, from magister=a master.] 2. A power or influence similar to that of magic is not used predicatively; thus we say the effect A. As adjective or enchantment; as, the magic of love, the magic of was magical, but we speak of a magic lantern.

1. Of or pertaining to a magistrate; suiting a a name.

măģ-Ic-al-ly, adv. (Eng. magical; -ly.] In a magistr T A belief in magic is to be reckoned among the magical manner; by or as if by magic.

magistrate; magisterial. earliest growths of human thought. It is every

"Your assertion of the original of set forms of liturgy. where present, in a greater or less degree, in an

ma-gi-cian, *ma-si-ci-en, 8. (Fr. magicien.]

I justly say is more magistrall than true, and such as your One skilled in magic; one who practices magic or own testimonies confute."-Bp. Hall: Answer to the Vind. inverse ratio to the progress of civilization. Out. lying races and castes and sects, once dominant,

the black art; a sorcerer, an enchanter, a necro- of Smect ymnuus, 82 but which have now lost their supremacy, are mancer.

2. Of or pertaining to a sovereign remedy or medicredited with the possession of supernatural powers He sent and called for all the magicians of Egypt, and

cine; acting as a sovereign remedy. by those who have succeeded to the lost position. all the wise men thereof."--Genesis xli. 8.

"Let it be some magistrall opiate."-Bacon: Hist. of Thus gypsies and clairvoyants reap a rich harvestm a-gilp', ma-gilpb', 8. (Etym, doubtful.] Life and Death, p. 29. from the credulity of many unlearned, superstitious Art: A vehicle for colors, consisting of linseed 3. Applied to a preparation prescribed extempopeople. It is noteworthy that in Ireland miraculous which has been long exposed to the oxidizing in raneously or for the occasion; as distinguished power is attributed to suspended-or, as they are fluence of the air mixed with a certain proportion from an officinal medicine, or one kept prepared in euphemistically called “ blessed "-priests, rather tically called "blessed priest, rather of mastic varnish. (Weale)

the shops. than to the ordinary clergy. (Carleton : Traits, The Lianhan Shee.) The practice of magic had its măg-Il-ús, 8. [Latinized from native name.) B. As substantive: origin in the belief in an objective connection Zool.: A genus of siphonostomatous gasteropods, 1. Fortification: between two things-a man and a rude drawing or family Buccinidæ. It contains but one species, (1) The line where the scarp, if prolonged, wonld image of him, or two events-as between the birth Magilus antiquus, parasitic in live corals in the intersect the top of the coping or cordon. fāte, făt, färe, amidst, whãt, fâli, father; wē, wět, hëre, camel, hēr, thêre; pine, pit, sïre, sīr, marine; go, pot,




(2) The guiding line which defines the first figure 4. Relating to Freemen Generally. That right or justice be magnesian-alum, 8. of the works of a fortification. Called also magis not sold, or refused, or delayed: That no freeman be im.

Min.: The same as PICKERINGITE (q. v.). tral line.

prisoned, or lose his freehold, or free customs, or be out2. Med.: A sovereign medicine or remedy.

lawed, or otherwise punished, but by the judgment of magnesian-limestone, s. * I finde a vaste chaos of medicines, a confusion of his peers, or by the law of the land: That no person be

Petrol., Geol. & Palæont.: A limestone composed fined to his utter ruin, but only according to his offense, receipts and magistrals, amongst writers, appropriated to

of carbonate of lime and carbonate of magnesia, and means of payment, and that no man be deprived of this disease, some of the chiefest I will rehearse."-Bur his instruments of labor. That all men may travel out of

the proportion of the latter sometimes being nearly ton: Anatomy of Melancholy, p. 382. the kingdom, and return when they please: That a man

fifty per cent. It effervesces much more slowly with 3. Metall.: A substance obtained from copper may make what will he pleases, and, dying without one,

acids than cominon limestone (carbonate of lime). pyrites (or raw magistral), which is found in many the law shall make one for him: and that the Court of It is sometimes earthy, sometimes hard and com. parts of Mexico. These cres, according to Napier, Common Pleas shall no longer follow the king's person, pact. One variety of it is dolomite (q. v.). This contain from 747 to 13.75 per cent. of copper. It is but be held in some certain place, and be open to all. Rutley makes a synonym of magnesian-limestone. reduced to powder by dry stamping and grinding. It will be seen from the following extract that The typical kind of magnesian-limestone, generally It is used especially in the patio process of amalga- Magna Charta no longer exists in the letter:

• associated with marl slate, is from the Middle Per. mation. Some authorities state that the copper "Just before the weary Commons adjourned, they read

mian. Its characteristic fossils are Schizodus schlopyrites are roasted and ground, b'it this would seem

theimi, Mytilus septifer, &c. (Lyell.) It was a third time, and passed a bill repealing a number of obto detract from their activity, which is due to the solete statutes, among which was Magna Charta. It was

** It was originally formed in large measure of the remains action of their sulphuric acid upon the salt, liberat- obvious that the spirit of the Great Charter had long

of the Great Charter had long of marine animals. ing muriatic acid.

since been embodied in a number of Acts of Parlia. magnesian-pharmacolite, s.

ment and legal decisions ranging between the time of măg-is-trăl-1-tý, s. [English magistral; -ity.]

Min.: The same as BERZELIITE (q. v.).
King John and that of Queen Victoria."-London Daily
Despotic authority, as in matter of opinion; dog. Telegraph.

măg-nē -sic, a. (Eng., &c., magnes(ia); -ic.] matism. "The physicians have frustrated the fruit of tradition rights and privileges.

2. Any fundamental constitution guaranteeing Contained in or derived from magnesia (q. v.). and experience by their magistralities, in adding, and

magnesic-carbonate, s. taking out, and changing." -- Bacon: On Learning, bk. ii. *măg nă1-1-tỹ, 8. [Lat. magnalis=great, from Chem.: Mg0'CO. Is found native in rhombohe

măġ -Is-tral-18, adv. [Eng, magistral; -ly.] In magnus=great.) A great deed or feat; something dral crystals, imbedded in talc slate. a magistral manner; magisterially, dogmatically, above the common.

magnesic-chloride, s. despotically.

*măg-năn-y-māte. v. t. Lat. magn(us)=great, Chem.. MOCI. Is fonnd in sea water or in salt măg-is-trănd', s. [Low Latin magistrandus, and Eng. animate.] To cheer; to make great deposits, or may be prepared by dissolving magnegerund of magistro=to make a master of, to confer hearted.

sia in hydrochloric acid. It is a white crystalline a degree on, from Lat. magister=a master.] In the “Present danger magnanimates them."-Howell: Do- powder, having a pearly luster and sharp bitter University of Aberdeen, Scotland, a student in arts dona's Grove, p. 4.

taste, soluble in water and in alcohol. in the last year of his curriculum.

măg-na-nim-I-ty, *mag-na-nim-i-tee, s. [Fr. magnesic-oxide, 8. măg - Is-trate, *mag-e-strat, *maj-es-trat, 8. magnanimité, from Lat. magnanimitatem, accus. Chem.: Mg0. Produced by burning maguesium (Fr, magistrat, from Lat. magistratus=(1) a magis- of magnanimitas, from magnanimus = magnani in the air or in oxygen gas, or by heating to a red tracy, (2) a magistrate, from magister=a master; mous (q. v.) ; Ital. magnanimità; Sp. magnanimi. heat magnesia alba. It is a soft white powder, Ital. magistrato; Sp. magistrado. A public civil dad.) The quality or state of being magnanimous; almost insoluble in water. It is known in com. officer, invested with legislative, executive, or judi- that elevation and dignity of soul which encount-merce as calcined magnesia. cial authority. In a narrower sense this term ers danger or trouble with tranquillity and firmness, includes only inferior judicial officers, as justices which raises the possessor above revenge, which

s magnesid-phosphate, 8. of the peace. The President is the chief magistrate makes him disdain injustice and meanness, which Chemistry: Mg'HPO4.7H20. Crystallizes in small

vus inat the spirit of the Great Charter hans nority, as in matter ofagistral; -ity.) ment and legal decisilo in a number of Acter of ad, long

maxistrates of their respective states. I JUSTICE. obiects, and which makes him delight in acts of parts of cold water. Caustic alkalies precipitate, * He who was the magistrate, after long abusing his benevolence and usefulness.

from solutions of magnesium salts, gelatinous mag. powers. has at last abdicated them."-Macaulay: Hist.

nesic hydrate, insoluble in an excess of the precipi.

măg-năn-y-moňs, a. ILat. magnanimus=greatEng., ch. 1.

tant, but soluble in ammonic chloride. Ammonio souled,_from magnus = great, and animus = the mag-is-trät-1c, *mag-is-trat-ick, mag-is- mind: Fr. magnanime: Ital. & Sp. magnanimo.)

phosphate gives a white crystalline precipitate trat-i-cal, a. [Eng. magistrat(e); -ic, -ical.) Of

insoluble in ammonia.

1. Great of mind; elevated and dignified in soul or pertaining to a magistrate or magistrates; hav- or sentiment: above what is mean, low, or ungener

magnesic-sulphate, 8. ing the authority of a magistrate. ous; brave, high-souled.

Chem.: MgO'S03:7H20. Commonly called Epsom "Not of the internal and essential glory which is in

salts, is found in sea water and in many mineral

"For he was great of heart, magnanimous, courtly, cour. magistratio or ecclesiastic power and order."-Bp. Taylor:

Longfellow: Miles Standish, iii.

springs. It is now manufactured in large quanti. Artificial Handsomeness, p. 169.

ties by dissolving magnesian limestone in dilute 2. Dictated by, characteristic of, or springing sulphuric acid, and filtering from the insoluble -Is-tra-ture, 8. [

mugur um from magnanimity; noble, generous; as, a mag- calcic sulphate. It is soluble in water, has a nan. magistrate.] Magistracy. nanimous action.

seous bitter taste, and possesses purgative proper măg-mą, s. [Gr., from massö= to knead.]

măg-năn-i-moŭs-18. adv. Eng. magnanimous: ties; it is also used in dressing cotton goods, and in I. Ordinary Language:

ly. In a magnanimous manner; with magpa- anilino dyeing. 1 Aerude mixture of mineral or organic matter nimity; with dignity or elevation of soul or senti măg-nēs'-1-ni-tēr, măg-nēş -I-ni-tre (Sre an in a thin paste. inent; bravely.

tēr), 8. [Eng. magnesi(a), and niter.] 2. A confection.

măg-nate, s. (Fr. magnat, from Lat. magnatem, Min.: The same as NITROMAGNESITE (q. v.). II. Technically:

accus. of magnas=prince, from magnus=great; Sp. măg-nēş-in-phỏil-ite, 8. (Eng, magnes. (a); * 1. Phar.: The thick residuum obtained after & Ital. magnate. )

connective, and Gr. phyllon=leaf.] expressing certain substances to extract the fluid . 1. A person of rank, position, note, or distinction

Min.: The same as BRUCITE (4.v.). parts. The grounds which remain after treating a in any line or sphere.

măg-nēş-1-7-fěr'-rite, 8. [Eng. magnesi(a); a substance with water, alcohol, or any other men- “The lives and estates of the magnates of the realm had

the realm had and Eng. ferrite.). struum. (Dunglison.) been at his mercy."-Macaulay. Hist. Eng. ch. iv.

Min.: An isometric mineral occurring in simple 2. Petrol.. The name given by Vogelsang and 2. One of the nobility or certain high officers of octahedrons, and in octahedrons with planes of the Busenbusch to homogeneous, amorphous mineral state forming the House of Magnates in the na rhombic dodecahedron. Hardness, 6-6.5; specific matter which cannot be investigated except under tional representation of Hungary, and formerly of gravity, 4.568-4654; luster, metallic; color and high magnifying powers. (Rutley.)


streak, black. Strongly magnetic. Composition: Reticulated Magma:

*măg-nēş, 8. [Lat., from Gr.] A magnet. Magnesia, 20: sesquioxide of iron, 80. Found assoAnat.: The gelatinaform substance found be

ciated with laminar hæmatite as a sublimation tween the chorion and the amnion in the early period *magnes-stone, 8. A magnet.

product about the fumaroles of Vesuvius. Artifi. of embryonic existence.

“A hideous rocke is pight

cially formed by heating together magnesia and Măg-na Chăr-ta, Măg'-na Căr-ta, 8. (Lat.,

Of mightie magnes-stone."

sesquioxide of iron subjected to the action of the =the Great Charter.)

Spenser: F.Q., II. xii. 4.

vapor of hydrochloric acid. 1. Originally the Great Charter of the liberties of măg-në-81-a (s as sh), s. (MAGNESIUM.]

măg'-něş-ite, s. [English magnes(ia); suff. -ite England and subsequently of the whole civilized 1. Min.: The same as PERICLASE (q. v.).

(Min.).] world (Magna Charta Libertatum), signed and 2. Pharm.: If administered in small doses, mag. Min.: A mineral belonging to the group of rhom. sealed by King John at the demand of his barons, nesia acts as an antacid ; if in quantity beyond what bohedral carbonates, consisting essentially of car at Runnymede, on June 19, 1215. It was several is necessary to neutralize acids in the stomach, it bonate of magnesia, having the formula MgOCO2, times confirmed by his successors. Its most impor- passes undigested into the intestines, and may form but in the crystallized forins having more or less of tant articles were:

concretions. The salts of magnesia are purgatives. the magnesia replaced by protoxide of iron, forming 1. Relating to the Church. That the church should It is given as a lithontriptic, from its power of ferriferous varieties like brounnerite (q. v.). The possess all its privileges inviolate, especially freedom of dissolving uric acid, and in gouty diseases. (Gar. crystallized varieties present a perfectly rhom. election to benefices. rod.)

bohedral cleavage; luster vitreous; color white to 2. Relating to the Barons. That reliefs be limited to a

various shades of brown. The massive and purer fized sum, according to the rank of the tenant: That aidsm agnesia-alba, 8. be demanded only in the three cases-knighthood of the Chem. & Phar.: A complex mixture of various

kinds are white, mostly compact; luster dull: fracteldeutson, marriage of the eldest daughter, and the ransom carbonates of magnesia. It is obtained as a light,

ure resembling unglazed porcelain. The Brit. Mus. of the king's person; in every other case neither aid nor bulky white powder by precipitating soluble mag. an

Cat, reserves this name for the pure mineral only, sentare to be imposed but with the consent of the coun nesia salt with sodic carbonate.

and groups the ferriferous carbonates of magnesia cil: That guardians in chivalry may not waste the

under ankerite, breunnerite, and mesitite (q. v.). estate, nor marry the heir during minority; nor to their

magnesia-water. 8. A kind of aërated water Used in the manufacture of Epsom salts. disparagement, nor compel widows to marry: That the produced by impregnating carbonate of magnesia Magnesite formerly included meerschaum torestlaw be mitigated: and that whatever privileges the in solution with ten times its weight of carbonic (9.v.). Brongniart, in 1802, and subsequent French king grants his vassals, they in like manner shall grant acid.

mineralogists, still used this name for the silicate. to theirs.

măg-nē-81 an (8 as sh), a. (Eng. magnesi(a); 8. Relating to Traders. That London and other towns

măg-nē -81-ům (s as sh), 8. [Latinized from retain their ancient privileges: That there be one weight -an.] Of or pertaining to magnesia; partaking of Magnesia, a city in Asia Minor.1 and measure throughout the realm: and that freedom of the qualities of magnesia; containing or resembling Chem.: A diatomic metallic element; symbol, Mg: commerce be granted to foreign merchants. magnesia.

atomic weight, 24:4; specific gravity 1:743. Fuses bou, boy; pout, Jowl; cat, çell, chorus, chin, bench; go, gem; thin, this; sin, aş; expect, Xenophon, exist. ph = f.





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and volatilizes at a red heat. Magnesic sulphate and th

oneh tha magnetic.eanator... A line passing round the (Epsom salts) was known in the middle of the wire. The barder the steel the more difficult it is globe near the equator, at every point of which the seventeenth century, but the metal was first isolated to magnetize, but the more completely does it retain dip of the needle is nothing. The general inclina. by Davy. The compounds of magnesium are widely its magnetism. Permanent magnets are either tion of the magnetic to the terrestrial equator is distributed in nature, occurring as magnesite, straight or are bent into the form of a horseshoe. about 12%. MgO'CO; ophite or serpentine, MgO'zSi20; talo, In the latter form the two poles are close together, magnetic-field, 8. The field of a magnet is the MgO'Sis06: dolomite, kainite, epsomite, &c. It and are thus able to act simultaneously on the same region affected by'it. In one sense it may be said may be obtained by the electrolysis of fused mag- magnetic substance. A magnet consisting of only

to be infinite; but the law of inverse squares diminnesium chloride, or by reducing magnesium chloride one bar of steel is called a simplemagnet; but since ishes the intensity so rapidly that practically the with metallic sodium. Itis a brilliant metal, almost thin long magnets are more powerful in proportion term is limited to the region sensibly affected by as white as silver, and preserves its luster in dry to their weight, compound magnets are constructed the magnet. The amount of force exerted at any air. It is more brittle than silver at ordinary tem- by fastening together several thin steel bars previ

point is the intensity of the field at chat point, and perature: but at a higher temperature it becomes ously magnetized. Some of these compound

is measured by the force exerted upon a unit pole malleable, and may be pressed into the form of wire magnets are very powerful. Far more powerful at the point or ribbon. Magnesium ribbon may be ignited at than any permanent magnets are electro-magnets, the flame of a candle, and burns with a dazzling which may be either straight or bent into the form magnetic-nuid, 8. A hypothetical term now disbluish-white light, ricb in chemically active rays, a of a norseshoe, and consist of a bar or core of soft

f oft used, formerly denoting an hypothesis long ago property which has led to its use in photography. iron, round which is coiled insulated copper wire.

wiro abandoned. When burned in an atmosphere of carbonic acid Through this wire an electric current is sent, and magnetic-inclination, 8. The same as MAGgas, it decomposes the gas, forming magnesic oxide, so long as the current passes the iron is a powerful NETIC-DIP (q. v.). and throwing down the carbon in powder. Magne- magnet. The strength of an electro-magnet depends magnetiesinduction

magnetic-induction. 8. The effect produced sium dissolves in dilute acids, with violent evolu- on the strength of the current and on the number by a magnet uvon magnetic bodies in its neighbor. tion of hydrogen, but it does not decompose water of coils of wire round the core, and upon various hood. Magnetic bodies are rendered magnetic by even at 100°.

other circumstances. Electro-magnets have been such neighborhood, and still more by contact, magnesium-chloride, 8. made capable of supporting more than a ton. When

which is called induced magnetism. Min.: A mineral said to have occurred in the sa- iron. termed an armature, is placed in contact with used for supporting weights, &c., a smooth piece of

magnetic-intensity, s. The greater or less effect line encrustations formed during the eruption of the poles of the magnet, the horseshoe form being producea Vesuvius in 1855.

generally used, and the armature is provided with attractive force. This varies inversely as the square magnesium-diethyl, 8. a hook, to which the articles are attached.

of the distance. Chem.: Mg ? A volatile liquid, smelling

magnet-coil, 8. A coil of insulated copper wire magnetic iron-ore, s.

to be thrust over an iron core, to make an electro Min.: The same as MAGNETITE (9.v.). like garlic, prepared by digesting magnesium magnet. filings with ethylic iodide in absence of air. It is a măg-nět:-ic, a. & 8. (Eng. magnet; -ic.]

magnetic-ironstone, s. (MAGNETITE.] colorless liquid, boiling at a higher temperature

magnetic-limit, . A limit of temperature bethan ethylic iodide; inflames spontaneously in air. A. As adjective:

yond which iron or any other magnetic metal ceases and is decomposed with explosive violence by I. Literally:

to be affected by the magnet. water.

1. Of or pertaining to the magnet or magnetism;

having the qualities of a magnet. magnesium-dimethyl, 8.

magnetic-meridian, 8. If a vertical plane be 2. Pertaining to the earth's magnetism; as, the

passed through the axis of a magnetic-needle, freely

suspended at a point, its intersection with the surChem.: Mg<H3 A volatile liquid, produced magnetic north.

face of the earth is called a magnetic meridian of by the action of magnesium filings on methylic II. Fig. : Attractive, as if magnetic.

the point. The angle included between this merid. iodide. It is similar in its preparation and proper.

“Days, months, and years . . .

ian and the true meridian through the point is

Turn swift their various motions, or are turned ties to magnesium diethyl.

called the variation of the needle.

By his magnetio beam." Milton: P. L., iii. 583. magnesium-ethide. 8. *B. As subst.: Any metal, such as iron, steel, plate of magnetized steel. The needle is suspended

magnetic-needle, 8. A slender poised bar or Chem.: Mg(C2H3)2. A colorless mobile liquid, ob- nickel, cobalt, &c., which may receive the propertained by heating ethyl iodide with magnesium

by a metallic or jeweled center upon a hardened ties of the loadstone. filings to 130°. It possesses an alliaceous odor,

steel pivot. For other instruments needles are often

“Draw out with credulous desire, .. takes fire when exposed to the air, and is violently

suspended by fine silk threads or even spider-lines. As the magnetic hardest iron draws."

The test of delicacy is the number of horizontal decomposed by water, with the formation of mag

Milton: P. R., ii. 168. Desjum hydroxide. !

8. vibrations which the suspended needle will make

(1) Magnetic points of consequence: The points before coming to rest. magnesium-lamp, 8. A lamp in which magne- (really the magnetic poles of the earth) which giúm is burnt for illuminating purposes. They are occupy the center of lines of equal dip.

magnetic-north, 8. The point of the horizon in.

dicated by the direction of the magnetic needle. of two kinds; one for the combustion of magnesium (2) Magnetic poles of the earth: Two nearly oppoin the form of a ribbon; in the other magnesium is site points of the earth's surface when the dip of magnetic-poles, s. pl. [MAGNET.) used in a state of powder, mixed with fine silver the needle is 90°. They are at a considerable dis

magnetic-pyrites, 8. sand.

tance from the poles of the earth. magnesium-light, 8. The light produced by the . (3) Point of magnetic indifference: A point near Min.: The same as PYRRHOTITE (q. v.). combustion of magnesium. Its intensity is almost the center of a magnet where no effect is produced. magnetic-saturation, 8. The state of a bar or equal to that of the electric arc, but its flickering magnetic-amplitude, s.

needle when it has received the greatest amount of nature and the large quantity of magnesia vapor

Astron.: The amplitude of a heavenly body as

magnetic force which can be permanently imparted given off are objections to its use.

as to it.

measured by the compass. It differs from the true magnesium-methyl, 8.

amplitude by an amount equal to the variation of magnetic-storms, 8. pl. Magnetic disturbances Chem.: Mg(CH3)2. A strongly smelling mobile the compass.

felt simultaneously at places remote from each liquid, produced when methyl iodido is heated with magnetic-azimuth, s.

other. (ELECTRIC-STORM.] magnesium filings. It takes fire on exposure to the

magnetic-telegraph, 8. (TELEGRAPH.) air, and is readily decomposed by water, with

Navig.: The azimuth indicated by the compass.

magnetic-units, e. pl. The unit pole is one magnetic-battery, 8. A combination of several formation of marsh-gas and magnesium hydroxide.

which repels a similar pole distant one centimeter

hi magnets with their poles similarly arranged; a with the force of one dyne. The unit moment is the magnesium-silicate, 8.

compound magnet. Min.: The same as ENSTATITE, FORSTERITE,

moment of a magnet one centimeter long, having magnetic-bearing, s.

the unit pole ab ve. HUMITE, MEERSCHAUM, SERPENTINE, and TALC (q. v.).

Naut.: The magnetic bearing of a course is the magnetic-variation, 8. (VARIATION.]

angle included between a course and a magnetic magnesium-sulphate, 8.

măg-nět' -lc-al, a. &s. Eng. magnetic: ali meridian, drawn through the first extremity of the Min.: The same as EPSOMITE and KIESERITE course.

A. As adj.: The same as MAGNETIC, a. (q. v.) (q. v.) T Magnesium-borate= Boracite; Magnesium-car. magnetic-compensator, 8.

*B. As subst.: The same as MAGNETIC, 8. (q. v.) bonate = Magnesite; Magnesium-fluophosphate = Ordnance: A contrivance for neutralizing the Men must presume or discover the like magneticals

in the south."-Browne: Vulgar Errors, bk. ii., ch. iii. Wagnerite; Magnesium-fluosilicate=Chondrodite; effect of a ship's guns and other iron in deranging Magnesium-hydrate = Brucite; Magnesium-hydro- the bearing of the compass. That introduced by măg-nět:-Ic-al-lý, adv. (Eng. magnetical; -ly.] carbonate = Hydromagnesite; and Magnesium Prof. Airy consists of two magnets placed at right In a magnetic manner; by means of magnetism. nitrate=Nitromagnesite.

angles to each other below the compass, and a box [SYMPATHETIC-MEDICINE.)

of small iron chain. The position is determined by măg-nět,*mag-nete, s. (O. Fr, magnete, manete,

m ăg-nět'-ic-al-něgs, subst. [Eng, magnetical: e, experiment. But as the magnetic effects of the from Lat. magnetem, accus. of magnes (lapis)= magnesian (stone), from Gr. Magnēs (genit. Mag.

ship and its contents vary from time to time, so the -ness. The quality or state of being magnetic.

compensator has to be readjusted at frequent “It related not to the instances of the magneticalness nētos)=magnesian; Ital. & Sp. magnete.) intervals.

of lightning."--History of the Royal Society, iv. 258. I. Ordinary Language: magnetic-couple, 8. [COUPLE.)

măg-ně-ti-cian, 8. [Eng. magnetic; -ian.) One 1. Literally : magnetic-curves, 8. pl. A series of lines or

skilled in magnetism; a magnetist. (1) The loadstone (q. v.). directions which may be graphically denoted by

*măg-nět:-Ic-něss, 8. [Eng. magnetic: ness.) (2) In the same sense as II. 2. Fig.: Anything which guides; a guide.

iron filings scattered upon a card or pane of glass The quality or state of being magnetic; magneti

placed horizontally upon a magnet and gently calness. “Thus safe through waves the sons of Israel trod; tapped. The beautiful lines into which the filingsmăg-nět'-Ics, s. (MAGNETIC.) The science or Their better magnet was the lamp of God."

are thrown indicate lines of magnetic force. Harte: Thomas à Kempis; A Vision.

principles of magnetism. II. Magnetism: A body possessing the property of m

magnetic-declination, 8. The variation of the măg-nět-If-ēr-oŭs, a.. [Eng. magnet; Lat.

y or magnetic needle at a particular place and time, E. fero=to bear, to carry; and Eng. adj. suff. -ous.) magnetism (q.v.). Magnets are either permanent or W.of the geographical meridian of the spot. Producing or conducting magnetism. or temporary. Permanent magnets were originally natural pieces of magnetic iron-ore. [MAGNETITE. magnetic-dip, 8. The dip of the magnetic *măg'-nět-ish, a. (Eng. magnet; -ish.] Some They now usually consist of bars of steel, which are needle. (DIP, 8.]

what magnetic. magnetized either by rubbing them with another magnetic-elements, 8. pl. Intensity, declina. “Some of these iron-stones are magnetish, and draw the magnet, or by coiling a wire round them in a helix, tion, and dip.

iron."--Pettus: Fleta Minor, pt. i., p. 817, fāte, făt, färe, amidst, whãt, fâlin. father; wē, wět, nëre, camel, hēr, thêre; pine, pit, sire, sir, marine; gó, pot,

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