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Machiavelian

Jeroish Hist.: A name applied to a patriotic judges, magistrates, and others in authority. It *māc:-ēr (2), 8. [Eng. mace (2), s.) A medicinal family whose achievements were most notable. W

d to be useful in dysentery. Antiochus Epiphanes, a Syrian king, having been opy-work, and is now generally surmounted by a expelled from Egypt by the Romans, relieved his crown.

ya măç -ēr-āte, v. t. (Lat. maceratus, pa. par. of vexation by attempting to put down the Jewish 3. A macebearer (q. v.).

macero-to steep; macer=lean; Greek massö=to worship. Palestine then being under his sway, the "He was followed by the maces of the two Houses and

knead, to wipe. aged Mathathias, priest of Modin, was urged to set by the two speakers." -Macaulay: Hist. Eng., ch. xi.

1. To make lean; to wear away. his people the example of sacrificing to the Greek 4. To make an unlawful assessment; as, for an

"Philip, Earl of Arundel maceratet himself in a strict gods. In p!ace of doing so, he killed the king's employe wbo is a buyer of goods to accept a "pres- co

course of religion." - Baker: Queen Elizabeth (an. 1596). messenger, and escaped to the mountains, his sons ent" from the seller. (Slang.)

*2. To mortify; to harass with hardships; to being companions of his flight. Their names were 5. A cheat, a swindle; robbery that the law does worry. John called Caddis, Simon called Thassi, Judas not reach. (Slang.)

3. To steep almost to solution : to soften by steepcalled Maccabæus, in connection with whom the II. Technically:

ing; to soak; to separate the parts of by the digestDame Maccabees originated, Eleazar called Avaran,

1. Leather: A currier's mallet with a knobbed ive process. and Jonathan called Apphus. The revolt began B.C.

face, made by the insertion of pins with egg-shaped “The saliva, distilling continually, serves well to macer. 168, and in 165 Judas took Jerusalem, and purified the Temple in commemoration of which the winter

heads. It is used in leather-dressing to soften and ate and temper our meat."-Ray: On the Creation, pt. ii. festival called the Feast of Dedication was annually

supple the tanned hides, and enable them to absorb măc'-ēr-a-tēr, 8. [Eng. macerat(e), and suff. -er.]

the oil. &c. It is analogous to the fulling-hammer. One who macerates, or an appliance in which any. kept, and is alluded to in John x. 22. After achiev

2. Old Armor: A military implement used for ing success, a Maccabean, called also an Asmonean,

macerated. dynasty reigned for about a century, Herod the

': dealing heavy blows, and constructed so as to fractGreat, slaughterer of the infants of Bethlehem,

ure armor. It was frequently carried by horse măç-ēr-ä'-tion, s. (Lat. maceratio, from macer.

soldiers at the saddle-bow, where it was suspended atus, pa. par. of macero=to macerate; Fr. macérputting to death Hyrcanus, the last scion of the house, though he was inotfensive, pious, and the by a thong which passed through the upper part of ation, Sp. maceracion, Ital. macerazione.]

1. The act or process of wasting or making lean. the handle; this thong was wound round the wrist high priest.

to prevent its loss by the force of a blow. It had 2. The state of becoming lean or wasted. The Books of Maccabees: Four books of our

many forms: a simple iron club, a spiked club, a "A true and serious maceration of our bodies by an present Apocrypha, with a fifth not in that collectiou.

pointed hammer. In England during the time of absolute and total refraining from sustenance."-Bishop 1 Maccabees: A work giving an account of the

the Plantagenets the mace was used in battles and Hall: Sermon to His Majesty, March 30, 1628. Maccabean struggle, with a simplicity and candor

tournaments, and was superseded by the pistol in *3. The act of harassing or mortifying which render its statements eminently credible. It

the time of Elizabeth. The mace is still retained 4. The act, process, or operation of softening by seems to have been written originally in Hebrew by ainong the Turkish irregular cavalry.

steeping, or by the digestive process. a Palestinian Jew, probably a Sadducee. It never

3. Billiards: A heavy rod or cue, used in pushing formed part of the Jewish canon or the Christian a ball along the table. (Eng.)

"Eaten in excess (onions) are said to offend the head

and eyes, unless edulcorated with a gentle maceration."-canons of Melito, Origen, the Council of Laodicea, mace-bearer, 8. An officer who carries the mace Evelyn: Acetaria. Cyril, St. Hilary, Athanasius, Jerome, &c. It was before a judge or other person in authority. (Eng.) măc-far-lan-Ite. 8. [Named after T. Macfarfint received into the canon by the Council of Hippo (A. D. 393) and that of Carthage (A. D. 397), bearer, six boy-angels playing on musical instruments, Min.: A name given to a granular mixture of red. the modern Council of Trent confirming their decis. and six Latin verses."-Walpole: Catalogue of Engravers,

wers, dish-colored grains with other minerals, occurring ion. The Roman Church considers it an inspired vol. v.

at Silver Islet, Lake Superior, with metallic silver. production; the Protestant, uninspired but of high *mace-proof, a. Secure against arrest.

This ore appears to contain several supposed new historical value.

māçe (2), 8. (Fr. macis; Ital, mace; Lat. macis, minerals, two of which have been named huntilito 2 Maccabees: A much less valuable production than 1 Maccabees. It was compiled by a person

macir; Gr. maker.] The aril of Myristica moschata. (after. Dr. T. Sterry Hunt), and animikite (from [NUTMEG.)

animikie, the native name for thunder), respectwhose name is not given, from a more extended

1 Red Mace is the aril of Pyrrhosa tingens, and

ively. The former is assumed from analyses to be narrative written by Jason of Cyrene. Jason's White Mace that of Myristica otoba.

an arsenide of silver, with the formula AgzAs; the book seems to have been published about B. C. 160.

latter, an antimonide of silver, having the formula The object of the compiler is to exhort the Jews to

[ Reed mace:

AggSb. But Macfarlane, who has well investigated keep the Jewish faith, and especially to venerate

Bot.: The genus Typha.

these minerals and other mineral mixtures conthe temple at Jerusalem. Tbe writer gives an inci. *mace-ale, 8. Warm ale in which mace has

tained in this ore, considers that further examina. dent which he alleges to have occurred during the been infused

tion is necessary before the above can bo recognizel attempts made by Heliodorus to plunder the tem- Măc-ě-do-ni-an (1), a. & 8. (See def.]

as mineral species. ple. He concludes with the victory of Judas Mac

A. As adj.: Of or pertaining to Macedonia, a dis- ma-cha-ri-ūm, 8. [Gr. machairion=a surgeon's cabaus over Nicanor, B. C. 161. He has not a

trict in the north of Greece, or its inhabitants. critical mind, and some of his parratives have a

knife.] mythic air.

B. As subst.: A native or inhabitant of Mace. Bot.: A genus of papilionaceous plants, tribo 3 Maccabees: A book narrating events earlier pior donia.

Dalbergieæ. It furnishes the Itaka wood of Guiana. than the Maccabean times. It commences with Macedonian-phalanx, 8. [PHALANX.)

Macharium firmum, M. incorruptibile, and M.legale Ptolemy IV. (Philopator), B, C. 217, wishing to enter Măc-ě-do'-ni-an (2), a. & 8. (See def.)

are large trees, which yield an inferior kind of rosothe Holy of Holies, the high priest having in vain

wood. They are from Brazil.

A. As adj.: Pertaining to, or in any way conremonstrated, prayed against him, causing him to

ma-chai'-r0-dŭs. s. [Greek machaira=a large be struck with paralysis. Enraged in consequence,

nected with the teaching of Macedonius; as, the
Macedonian heresy.

knife or dirk, a dagger, a saber, and odous (genit. the monarch, on reaching Egypt, wrea ked his ven

odontos) =a tooth. geance on the Alexandrian Jews. Most of them B. As substantive:

Palæont.; Saber-toothed tiger, a genus of Felida, having refused at his bidding to be initiated into Church Hist. (pl.): A sect which came into exist. bo

ne into exist. having the upper canines extraordinarily developed, tha Argies of Bacchus wara confined to the Hippo-ence toward the end of the Arian controversy, tak-trenchant and saber-shaped, with serrated mar. drome. to be trampled to death by 500 drunken ing its name from Macedonius, who became Patri

became ratri gins. In it the organization reaches the highest

in elephants. Through divine interposition, the ele. arch of Constantinople in 341. He taught that the

it the power of destruction. Range in space through phants turned on the soldiers instead of attacking Holy Ghost was "subordinate to the Father and to

he Father and to India, the continent of Europe, Britain, and North

i the Jews. The king, relenting at the spectacle, set the Son, unlike to them in substance, and a creat and South America. Range in time from the the Jews free. A festival was instituted to com. ure." Macedonius, who was a semi-Arian, was Miocena to the close of the I

r Miocene period. memorate the deliverance. The author seems to deposed by the Arians in 360; and his special tenets have been an Alexandrian Jew, who wrote in Greek. were condemned at the Council of Constantinople ma'-cha-lath, ma'-ha-läth, 8. [Hebrew.] This

4 Maccabees: A work written to encourage the in 381, where thirty-six bishops were found to sup- word occurs in the title of Psalms liii. and lxxxviii.: Jews, who lived in the midst of a contemptuous port them. In that Council the clause defining the the former is inscribed to the "chief musician upon heathen population, to remain true to the Jewish divinity of the Holy Ghost was added to the Nicene Mabalath," the latter to the chief musician upon faith. Its reasonableness is insisted on, and its Creed. The Macedonians were called also Pneu. Mahalath Leannoth.” Mahalath is by some author power to control the passions and inspire fortitude. matomachi.

traced (like Machol) to a root meaning pierced or As an illustration, the author gives the history of Măç-ě-do-ni-an-Ism, 8. (Eng. Macedonian;

bored: hence it is thought these Psalms were the Maccabean martyrdoms. It seems to have been offer

accompanied by flutes. It is generally thought written A. D. 39 or 40.

Macedonius, or the that the term leannoth refers to antiphonal singing.

practices of his followers. 5 Maccabees: This work embraced the history of

Other writers consider the titles of these and 178 years, from Heliodorus' attempt to plunder the ma-çel'-10-don, 8. (Gr. makella=a pickax with several other Psalms to be a reference to well-known treasury at Jerusalem, B. C. 184, to B. C. 6, when one point, a kind of spade, and odous (genit. odon- tunes to which they were to be sung. Herod was on the throne. There are many parallel tos ) =a tooth.]

*mă che, s. (MATCH.) isms with Josephus. It is a valuable historical Palæont.: Å genus of Lacertilians, founded on

ed on ma-chê -tê, 8. [Sp.] A Spanish implement for production. It was a compilation made by a Jew portions of upper and lower jaw, with teeth, from a after the destruction of Jerusalem, from ancient slab of Purbeck freshwater stone. (Owen.) Nichol. cutting cane, corn, vines, &c. Hebrew records. (Ginsburg, in Cycl. Bib. Liter.) son (Palæont., ii. 205 ) says: “These are perhaps the ma-che-tēs, 8. [Gr. machētēs=a fighter, a war

ma-ca-va'-ho. subst. (Native name.] Callithrir first traces in the stratified series of the Jurassic rior: machina fight torquatus, a small species of Brazilian monkey.

' period of remains, the affinities of which to the Ornith.: A genus of Scolopacidæ, containing only măc'-co. s. (Etym. doubtful.] A gambling game. typical Lacertidæ cannot be disputed.”

one species, Machetes pugnax, the Ruff (q.v.). The māc'-ene, s. [Eng. mac(e); -ene.]

name has reference to the pugnacious habits of the mac-côu-ba, mac-co-boy, mac-cu-bau, ma- Chem. Ch. A hydrocarbon present in the bird, and was proposed by Cuvier in his Règne cou-ba, s. From rom Maccouba, in Martinique, where e volatile oil or mace. It boils at 160°, and is dis. Anim

Animal (ed. 1817). It has been adopted by Gould. the tobacco, from which it is manufactured, is cul.

tinguished from oil of turpentine by not forming a Selby, and Temminck. Others refer the bird to the tivated.] A kind of snuff scented with attar of roses. crystalline hydrate when mixed with alcohol and gen maçe (1), 8. (O. Fr. mace, mache (Fr. masse), nitric acid.

Măch-1-a-vēr-li-an, a. & 8. [See def.] from Lat. *matea=a beetle, formed in the dimin. māc' -ēr (1), s. (Eng. mace (1); -er.]

A. As adj.: Of or pertaining to Nicolo Machiamateolara beetle, a mallet; Ital. mazza; Sp. & Scots Law: One of a number of officers attendingvelli, an Italian writer, secretary and historiog. Port. maza.]

the Supreme Courts in Scotland, appointed by rapher to the republic of Florence; following the I. Ordinary Language:

the Crown. Their duty is to keep silence in the example or teaching of Machiavel; politically 1. In the same sense as II. 2.

court, and execute the orders of the courts, if ad. cunning; crafty; using duplicity or bad faith. 2. An ornamented staff of silver or other motal, dressed to them. They hold their office for life, and B. As subst.: One who follows the example or originating in the military mace, borne before are paid by salary. (Chambers.)

teaching of Machiavel. boll, boy; pout, jówl; cat, çell, chorus, chin, bench; go, gem; thin, this; sin, aş; expect, Xenophon, exist. ph = f.

Machiavelianism

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ma

Măch-1-a-vē-11-an-işm, Măch -1-2-věl-Ism, 8. also distinct from a tool, as it contains within măch:-1-neěl, 8. [MANCHINEEL.] (Eng. Machiavelian; -ism.] The principles or sys. itself its own guide for operation. A contrivance ma-chin'-ēr, 8. [Eng. machin(e); -er.] tem of statesmanship taught or carried out by by means of which a moving power is made to act Machiavel: that right should be systematically upon any body, and communicate motion to it.

municate motion to it. 1. One who works or attends to a machine; a subordinated to expediency, and that all means Machines are simple and compound, complex or

machinist. might be resorted to, however treacherous or un- complicated. The simple machines are the six2. A horse employed in working or driving a lawful, for the establishment and maintenance of mechanical powers: viz., the lever, the wheel and machine. the power of the ruler over his subjects; political axle, the pulley, the inclined plane, the wedge, and ma-chin -ēr-ý, 8. (Eng. machine; ry.) cunning or duplicity.

the screw. In compound machines two or more of I. Literally: ma-chic-o-lāte, v. t. (Low Lat. machicolatus,

these powers are combined for the production of pa. par. of machicolo, machicollo.]. (MACHICOLA Machines employed in the manufacturing arts are

motion, or the application or transmission of force. .1. A general term applied to mechanical combina

uretion of parts for collecting, controlling, and using TION.) To form or furnish with machicolations, named according to their products, as lace-ma

power, or for producing articles of commerce which ma-chic-o-lāt-ěd, a. (MACHICOLATE.) Formed chines, rope-machines, paper-machines; or to the

may otherwise be, more or less perfectly, made by or furnished with machicolations.

hand. The first class of these combinations is processes they perform, as spinning-machines, print"Glared on a huge machicolated tower."

ing-machines. sa wing-machines.&c. Other ma. usually distinguished by the name of engines: the Tennyson: Last Tournament. chines are classed according to the forces by which

second, by that of machines.

chines.
o-la-ti
they are put in motion, as hydraulic machines,

2. Machines in general; the machines in any
2. 8. (Low Lat. machicola. they are. put in motion, as hydraulicn
pneumatic machines, &c. The powers employed to

place collectively; as, the machinery in a mill. mentum, from 0. Fr. maschecoulis: Fr. machecoulis.

3. The working parts of a machine, engine, or mâchecoulis, mâchicoulis, a word of doubtful origin;

transmit or apply force through machines are:
various, as the muscular strength of men or ani.

instrument designed and constructed to apply and perhaps from 0. Fr. masche, Fr. mâche-match, combustible matter, and 0. Fr. coulis=flowing. mals, wind, water, air, gas, electricity, steam, &c.

regulate force. 1. Arch. & Eng.: An aperture between the corbels A great part of the machines made use of in those

II. Figuratively: supporting a projecting parapet. They were much manufactures in which labor is most subdivided, were 1. Any complex system or combination of means employed in castellated

originally the inventions of common workmen."-Smith: and appliances designed to keep anything in motion architecture, and were inWealth of Nations, bk. i., ch. i.

or action, or to effect a specific purpose or object, tended for the purpose of

2. An engine; a battering engine.

or to carry on any institution or organization; as, allowing missiles, molten

REGERI 3. Any complicated body, in which the parts have the machinery of state. lead, hot pitch, &c., to be their several duties or offices.

2. The agencies, especially supernatural, by hurled or poured down on

“We are led to conceive this great machine of the world which the plot of an epic or dramatic poem or play assailants approaching

to have been once in a state of greater simplicity."-Bur is carried out to its catastrophe. near the walls.

net: Theory of the Earth. 2. The act of hurling

ma-chin-løg, pr. par., a. & s. (MACHINE, v.]

II. Figuratively: missiles, or pouring mol.

A. As pr. par.: (See the verb.) ten lead, &c., through the

1. An engine, a contrivance.

B. As adj.: Acting as a machine, or as a superapertures described in 1.

“With inward arms the dire machine they load." natural agency for the carrying out of the plot of *ma-chi-cot,

Dryden: Virgil's Æneid, ii. 25. 8. (Fr.)

an epic or dramatic poem or play ; pertaining to An obsolete term for one

2. A bicycle or tricycle. (Colloquial.)

the machinery of a poem. of the chori ministri min. Machicolation. "As we proceeded, the machine became more of an “Of Venus and Juno, Jupiter and Mercury, I say nothores of a cathedral, who, (Tower over South Gate rai, wno, Tower over South Gate incumbrance." -Field, Dec. 6, 1884.

ing, for they were all machining work."- Dryden: Virgil's in singing, added passing way at Bodiam Castle, 3. Any organization by means of which a desired men wounds notes between intervals of Sussex, England.)

effect is produced, or a system carried out; a com- C. As subst.: The act or process of working or the plain-song; or, accord

plex system by which any institution is carried on; effecting with a machine; specif., printing by means ing to others, added a part to the plain-song at an as, the machine of government, or a political party of a printing machine. interval of a third or fourth, thus forming a sort of machine. organum or diaphony. The music thus sung was 4. A term applied in contempt to one who acts or chinist

ma-chin'-Ist, s. (Eng. machin(e); -ist; Fr. macalled machicotage. is willing to act at the will or bidding of another:

chiniste; Ital. macchinista.)

1 1. One who constructs machines or engines; one ma-chi-côu-lis' (8 silent), s. (Fr.) a tool ; one whose actions do not appear to be vol.

versed in the principles of machinery. Fort.: A projecting gallery with loopholes ar. untary or under his own control, but to be directed

2. One who works or minds a machine. ranged to obtain a downward fire on an enemy. by some external influence or agency; one who ap

*3. One who devises the machinery of a poem or (MACHICOLATION.)

pears to act mechanically and without intelligence.
5. Supernatural agency introduced in a poem,

play.
*mā-chi-na, 8. (Lat.) A machine (q. v.).
play, or plot, to effect some object, or to perform

“Has the insufficiency of machinists hitherto disgraced "And the world's machina, some exploit; machinery.

the imagery of the poet!"-Stevens: General Note oa MacUpheld so long, rush into atoms rent."

beth.
machine-gun, 8. A rapidly firing cannon. (MIT-
Henry More: On Godliness, p. 42.
RAILLEUSE)

machinist's-hammer, 8. A hammer which has I Deus ex machina: A phrase used to describe

a flat, round face and an edge-peen transversely of

machine-head, 8. the intervention of a god in the classical drama

the helve. In some branches of the business it has and epic poetry ; in modern literature the unex

Music: An arrangement of rack and pinion for two faces: in others, again, it has one face and a pected introduction of some important personage, the purpose of tightening and keeping in tension pointed peen for riveting. or the occurrence of some improbable event to en: the strings of the double-bass, and the guitar, as *măch:-in-īze, v. t. [Eng. machin(e); -ize.] To able a dramatist or novelist to escape from an ordinary pegs employed to stretch the strings are

fashion. awkward situation. The allusion is to the machina, of unequal leverage. a machine by which gods and heroes were repre- machine-made, a. Made by machinery, as dis

“The traveler... seems to have machinized the sented passing through or floating in the air. tinguished from hand-made.

rest of the world for his occasion."-Emerson: English Nineteenth century experience has failed to im.

Traits, ch. iii. prove on the rule for the introduction of super

machine-man, s.

mā-cho, s. (Span.) A name given in California natural beings which Horace laid down two

Print.: The same as MACHINE-MINDER (q. v.). to the striped mullet. thousand years ago.

(Eng.) ma-chin-al, a. (Lat, machinalis, from machina “My remarks must be taken as those of a workman, ...

ma-chol', mąh-hol', 8. (Heb.) A word often =a machine; Fr. machinal; Sp. maquinal; Ital.

not as those of a machine-man proper." -J. Gould: Letter found in the Old Testament, associated with press Printer, p. 125.

"toph" (timbrel), and almost always rendered in macchinale.] Of or pertaining to a machine or

the English version by "dances" or "dancing." machines.

machine-minder, 8.

But some authorities trace the word to a root măch -y-nāte. v. t. & i. (Lat. machinatus, from Print.: A man who has charge of a printing. meaning "pierced” or “bored," and therefore conpa. par. of machinor = to contrive : machina = a machine. (Eng.)

sider it to have been a flute. It is not improbable machine.)

“The machine-minder must examine every sheet for that machol and toph may mean "pipe and tab A. Trans. : To contrive, to plan, to form, as a some time." -J. Gould: Letterpress Printer, p. 130.

but as these two instruments are often associated plot or scbeme.

machine-ruler, 8. A machine for ruling paper

with dancing, our version, and others which follow B. Intrans.: To plot, to scheme. according to pattern.

it, cannot in any case be said to be incorrect. măch-i-nā'-tion, 8. (Latin machinatio, from machine-shop, subst. A workshop in whichm a-chro-min, s. (Eng. ma(clurin); chrom(atic) machinatus, pa. par. of machinor=to contrive; Fr. machines are made, and metal-works, &c., prepared (from its many changos in color), and -in (Chem.). machination, Sp. maquinacion Ital. macchina- for machinery.

Chem.: C14H10053H20. A crystalline compound zione.)

prepared by boiling a concentrated solution of machine-tool, 8. A machine in which the tool is 1. The act of plotting, scheming, or contriving directed by guides and automatic appliances. It is

maclurin with sulphuric acid and zinc, and separatplans or schemes for the accomplishment of some a workshop appliance for operating upon materials

ing by means of ether. It forms colorless spangles, object, generally bad. in the way of shaping and dressing, having devices

which, under the microscope appear as tufts or “The energy and vigor that is necessary for great evil for dogging the stuff and feeding the tool. Among

stars of slender needles, soluble in ether, and machinations."-Burke: To a Member of the Nut. Assembly. tools of this class for working in metal may be

slightly soluble in water and alcohol. The solution

lich

of machromin in strong sulphuric acid is at first 2. A plot, a plan, a scheme, a contrivance. enumerated the lathe and machines for planing,

orange-red, then yellow; after warming or dilution măch-i-na-tõr, 8. [Lat., from machinatus, pa. slotting, shaping, drilling, punching, and shearing.

with water it is emerald-green, and, on adding an par. of machinor: Fr. machinateur, Sp. maquina

Machine-tools for wood are lathes, saws of various
kinds, machines for planing, molding, boring, mor-

excess of alkali, is changed to a violet.
dor; Ital. macchinatore.] One who machinates,
plots, or intrigues with evil designs; a plotter, a

tising, dovetailing, rabbeting, tenoning, shaping, &c. ma-çi-gno (gn as ny), 8. (Ital.) schemer.

machine-work, 8. Work done by a machine or Petrol.: A siliceous, sandstone, sometimes o ma-chine', *ma-chune, s. (Fr., from Latin machinery, as distinguished from that done by taining calcareous grains, mica, &c.

manual labor. machina, from Gr. mēchanē=a contrivance, a ma

*măç:-1-len-çõ, 8. [Eng. macilenit); -cy.) Leanchine, from mēchos = means, contrivance; Span.

mə-çhîne', v. t. & i. (MACHINE. 8.)

ness, thinness. maquina; Ital. macchina.)

A. Trans.: To apply machinery to; to effect by “That paleness and macilency in their looks and conI. Literally:

means of machinery; specif., to print by means of stitutions."-Sandys: Ovid. (Pref.) 1. An instrument of a lower grade than an engine, a printing-machine.

*măç -I-lent, a. (Lat. macilentus, from macies its motor being distinct from the operating part, B. Intrans.: To be employed in or upon ma. =leanness, thinness; macer=thin, lean.) Lean, whereas the engine is automatic as to both. It is chinery.

thïn, emaciated. fāte, făt, färe, amidst, whãt, fâll, father; wē, wět, hëre, camel, hêr, thêre; pine, pit, sïre, sir, marine; gó, pot,

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măd, maad, madde, *made, *mod, a. (A.S. măd-am, v. t. (MADAM, 8.j To address as 3. Pharm.: Madder is a tonic, a diuretic, and an ge-mod, ge-maad; cogn, with o.s.ge-méd=foolish; Madam.

ermenagogue. 0. H. Ger. ka-meit, gi-meit=vain; Icel. meiddr (pa. "I am.. madamed ud perhaps to matrimonial Brown Madder: A rich red-brown pigment, par. of meidha)=to maim, to hurt; Goth. ga-maids perfection.”-Richardson: Clarissa, viii. 303.

* prepared from the roots of Rubia tinctorum. (MAD=bruised, maimed: A. S. mád, mód=madness.

DER, 8., 1.] 1. Disordered in intellect; insane, deranged, luna.

a măd -am, mă-dame', 8. (Fr. madame, from ma tic, crazy. (Lat. mea)=my, and dame (Lat. domina)=lady,

madder-style, s. * Is all well! Wherefore came this mad fellow to thee?"

Calico-print.: A method of calico-printing in mistress.] My lady. Used:

(1) As a term of compliment in addressing a lady which the mordants are applied to the whito cloth, -2 Kings iv. 2.

of any degree, especially those married or elderly. and the colors are brought up in the dye-bath. 2. Furious or frantic from disease or other cause.

“Ther durste no wight clepe hir but madame;

*măd-dér, v. t. & i. (MADDER, 8.] (Said of animals; as, a mad bull.)

Was noon so hardy walk yng by the weye." 3. Under the influence of some overpowering or

Chaucer: C. T.. 3.954. A. Trans.: To die with madder. uncontrollable emotion; extravagant in feeling or

B. Intrans.: To perform the operation or process action: having lost self-control; as

(2) As a term for ladies in general, usually with a of dyeing with madder. (1) Beside one's self with rage; frantic, furious, slight touch of disrespect or sarcasm.

, măd'-dēr-wort, 8. [English madder, and wort enraged.

"To make sport to their madams and their boys." (q. v.).] "Her husband hath the finest mad devil of jealousy in

Drayton: Battle of Agincourt. 1. (Sing. :) The genus Asperugo. him ... that ever governed frenzy."-Shakesp.: Merry Măd-a-põl-lăm', 8. [See def.].

† 2. (P1.:) A name sometimes given to the GaliaWires of Windsor, v. 1.

ceæ, called by Lindley, &c., in English, Stellates (2) Tinder the influence of some strong or unrea: shipped to the East India market. So named from

Fabric.: A kind of fine, long cloth (cotton) (q. v.). sonable passion or desire; infatuated; inflamed

măd-ding, a. (MAD, v.] Raging, furious, mad, Mada pollam, a town in tho province of Madras with desire.

where it was first manufactured.

S, wild. (Pope: Homer's Iliad, xvi. 445.) “He was mad for her."-Shakesp.: All's Well That Ends

mặd-ding-lý, adv. [Eng. adding; -lu.] Madly; Well, v. 3.

mădăp-ple, 8. [Eng. mad, and apple.)

like one mad. (3) Wildly or extravagantly frolicsome. Bot.: Solanum insanum, an East Indian plant. “Run maddingly affrighted through the villages."

Beaum, & Flet.: Woman Pleased, iv. 1. " Do you hear, my mad wenches?"--Shakesp.: Love's Called also Jew's-apple. [SOLANUM.) Labor's Lost, ii.

măd-a-ro'-si8, 8. (Gr. madaros=bald.] Loss of p

ose of măd-dish, *măd -ish, a. (Eng. mad, a.; -ish.) 4. Proceeding from or indicative of madness; ex- the hair, and especially of the eyelashes.

Rather mad; somewhat deranged.

"Sent in the other night, a little maddish." ceedingly foolish; characteristic of a madman. măd-brain. a. & 8. [Eng. mad, and brain.]

"Sent in the other

Beaum. & Flet.: The Pilgrim, iv. 1. This is a way to kill a wife with kindness; And thus l'il curb her mad and headstrong humor." A. A8 adj.: Disordered in mind; mad, insane, *māde, *mait, *mate, a. (MATE, a.] Fatigued, Shakesp.: Taming of the Shrere, iv. 1. hot-headed.

exhausted. (1) Like mad: Madly, furiously. (Colloq.).... B. As subst.: A mad, hot-headed person; one

måde, pret. & pa. par. of v. (MAKE, v.] (2) Mad as a hatter: Dangerously mad, rabid. who acts madly or extravagantly.

made-mast, 8. The expression is a corruption of “Mad as an

“A madbrain o'th' first rate."

Naut.: A mast composed of several pieces; a atter," i.e., adder. (Brewer.)..

Middleton: A Mad World, i. built-mast. (MAST.] (3) Mad as a March hare: (MARCH, s. 11.)

(1) To be (go or run) mad after anything: To con măd'-brāined, a. [Eng. mad, and brained.] The măd -ě-căss, măd-ě-căs'-seě, a. & 8. (From ceive a violent desire for anything. same as MADBRAIN (q. v.).

Madecasse, the native name of the Island.) "The world is running mad after farce, the extremity

“Talbot is taken, whom we wont to fear:

A. As adj.: Of or pertaining to Madagascar, of bad poetry, or rather the judgment that is fallen upon

Remaineth none but mad-brained Salisbury."
Shakesp.: Henry VI., Pt. 1., i. 2.

B. As subst.: A native or inhabitant of Madagasdramatic writing."-Dryden.

car. mad-apple, s. (MADAPPLE.)

mặd-cọp, a. & 8. [Eng. mad, and cap:]

*măd-o-făc'-tion, s. [Latin madefactio, from *mad-bred, a. Produced or bred by or in mad A. As adj.: Madbrained, mad, eccentric.

madefactus, pa. par. of madefacio=to make wet: Dess.

“The nimble-footed madcap prince of Wales,

madeo=to be wet, and facio=to make.] The act of “Until the golden circuit on my head,

And his comrades, that daft the world aside, making wet. Like to the glorious sun's transparent beams,

And bid it pass."

*măd-ě-fl-cā'-tion, s. (Latin madefacio = to Do calm the fury of this mad-bred flaw."

Shakesp.: Henry IV., Pt. I., iv. 1.
Shakesp.: Henry VI., Pt. II., iii. 1.

make wet.] The act of making wet; madefaction.

B. As subst.: A mad-brained fellow; one who acts *măd -ě-fy, v. t. (Fr. madéfier, from Lat. mademad-dog, 8.

extravagantly; a person of wild and eccentric facio=to make wet.) To make wet or moist; to 1. Ord. Lang.: A dog suffering from rabies (q.v.). habits; a madbrain.

moisten. [MADEFACTION.) 2. Bot.: Scutellaria lateriflora. It owes its popu "Why, what a madcap hath Heaven lent us here ! lar name to the fact that it was once a renowned

Ma-dëir-a, 8. (See def.)

Shakesp.: King John, i. 1. quack remedy for hydrophobia. (Bartlett.)

1. Geog.: An island in the Atlantic ocean. măd'-den, v. t. & i. (Eng. mad, a.; -en.) mad-spice, s.

2. A kind of rich wine made in the island of A. Trans.: To make mad, to drive out of one's Madeira. Bot.: Capsicum minimum.

senses; to enrage, to make furious, to excite with Madeira-cake, 8. A light cake, made of eggs, mad-stone, s. A porous stone reputed to be effi. furious passion.

flour, butter, and sugar, and ornamented with cacious in hydrophobia. It is applied to the wound

"A rage of pleasure maddened every breast." candied peel. made by the bite of the rabid animal, and is sup

Thomson: Castle of Indolenoe, ii. 30. Madeira-mahogany, 8. posed to draw out the virus. *mad-worm, 8. Madness, insanity.

*B. Intrans.: To become mad or furious; to act Bot.: Laurus fætens. as a madman.

Madeira-nut, s. A kind of walnut with a thin «Sarely the mad-worm hath wilded all humanity."

“Ever he muttered and maddened."

shell, grown in the island of Madeira. Peltham: Resolves, p. 39.

Tennyson: Maud, I. i. 10. măd, *madde, v. i. &t. [MAD, a.]

Madeira-stock, 8. măd'-dēr, s. [A.S. mæddre, mæddere.] + Intrane.: To be or go mad; to be furious; to

Bot.: Matthiola maderensis.

1. Bot.: The genus Rubia, and specially Rubia be beside one's self; to be deranged.

Madeira-wood, 8. tinctorum. (Dyer's Madder.) It is a trailing or *Manye of hem seiden, he hath a douel and maddeth.

climbing annual, supporting itself by its leaves and Bot. : Mahogany of the curiously-veined kind - Wyclife: John ..

prickles. It is suppliedchiefly from Holland. France. growing in the Bahama Islands. B. Trans.: To make mad; to madden.

Italy, and Turkey. The roots, which are ready the Ma-dëir'-an, a. & 8. [Sce def.] “ Had I but seen thy picture in this plight,

third year, are kiln-dried, and then threshed, to A. As adj.: Belonging to or connected with the It would have madded me."

clear them from earth and dust. They are then Island of Madeira.
Shakesp.: Titus Andronicus, iii. 1. dried a second time, and afterward pounded and
stamped in a mill.

B. As subst.: A pative of Madeira. măd, *made, *madde, mathe, 8. (A. S. madhu stam

| Indian Madder, called also Madder of Bengal, =a worm

Madeiran-hake, s. a maggot; Goth. matha; Ger. made, is Rubia cordifolia, Madder of Chili, Rubia augus. Icel, madi.kr.)

Ichthy.: (See extract.) tissima or Relboum. 1. A maggot, a grub. (H. Best: Farming, &c., 2. Chem.: The root of Rubia tinctorum, exten- my Synopsis, p. 189, proves, upon better acquaintance,

“The Madeiran-hake, or Pescada, Merlucius vulgaris of Books. p. 6.)

sively used in dyeing for the production of a variety distinct from the common British-hake."-Rev. R. T. Lowe, 2. An earthworm.

of colors, namely, red, pink, purple, black, and in Proc. Zool. Soc., 1840, p. 36. Măd-a-găs-car, 8. (See def.) chocolate. Other species of Rubia are also used.

mad'-e-line, 8. [Fr.] (See the compound.) Geog.: An island in the Indian Ocean, to the It would appear that madder contains a colorific southeast of Africa.

principle--rubian-which, under the influence of

a madeline-pear, 8. A variety of pear, called also

peculiar ferment, termed erythrozym, breaks up St. John's pear. Madagascar-crocodile, s.

into alizarin, purpurin, &c. Several of the coloringm ăd-ěl-pa-roô-wa, 8. (Ceylonese.) A kind of 200l.: Probably a variety of the Nilotic Crocodile matters of madder appear to exist in the fresh root, boat nsed in Ceylon for fishing close to the shore. (Crocodilus vulgaris). It has the spout longer, but it is only when it has been kept for some time

nit nas been kept for some time or on lakes in the interior of the island. It is someslenderer, and with straighter sides than the Nilotic that the alizarin and purpurin are developed in times covered with a bamboo roof. Crocodile. (Duncan.)

quantity. The colors produced from madder are Madagascar-nutmeg, 8.

very stable. the well-known Turkey-red being one of made'-mol-gelle (01 as wa), 8. (Fr., from mas

them; and the tints and shades obtainable, accord. my, and demoisellera damsel (q. v.).] In France Bot.: The genus Agathophyllum.

ing to the mordant used, are very numerous. Ali. the title given to a young unmarried lady, corre. Madagascar-potato, s.

zarin, or madder red, discovered by Robiquet, may sponding to the English Miss. Formerly Mademoi.

be extracted with solvents, or obtained by sublima- selle was the distinctive title of the eldest daughter Bot.: Solanum anguini:

tion in the form of beautiful reddish needles. of the king's brother; also a title given to all mar. Madagascar-rat, 8.

[ALIZARIN.] Madder also contains certain yellow ried ladies not of noble origin. Zool.: Cheirogale minor, one of the smallest of coloring matters, but they are useless, if not injur. *mădge-how-lět, 8. [Eng. Madge=Margaret, the Malagasy Lemuroids. It makes a true nest of ious, in the process of dyeing.

and howlet=owlet (q. v.).J An owl. interlaced twigs, with a depressed bed in the mid. “The best of all and most commended is our madder “I'll sit in a barn with Madgehorolet and catch nio. dle for its young. of Italie."--P. Holland: Pliny, bk. xix., ch. iii.

first."-ben Jonson: Every Man in His Humor, ii. 2. boil, boy; póut, Jówl; cat, çell, chorus, chin, bench; go, gem; thin, this; sin, aş; expect, Xenophon, exist. ph = f.

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