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or meadows. Unhappily Fabricius, in dividing 9. To present, to bring forward; to lay before an lodging-house, 8. A house other than an inn, Linnæus' great genus Gryllus into smaller genera, authority; as, to lodge a complaint.

hotel, or boarding-house, in which travelers lodge; transferred the term Locusts from the genuine *10. To beat down; to lay flat.

a house in which lodgings are let. locusts to the insects of which the Great Green

“They shall lodge the summer corn."

| Common lodging-house: A common lodging. Grasshopper is the type; and entomologists in gen

Shakesp.: Richard II., iii. 3. house is one in which persons of the poorer classes eral have followed the injudicious arrangement. B. Intransitive:

are received for short periods; and they, though The family Locustidæ does not now contain the

promiscuously brought together, are allowed to in

1. To live, to reside, to dwell; to take up one's Dan Locusts. [LOCUST.) The antenne in the modern

habit one common room. Hotels, inns, publicabode. family Locustidæ are very long, thin, and bristle

houses, or boarding-houses, are not common shaped, the tarsi four-jointed, the ocelli generally

“Where thou lodgest, I will lodge; thy people shall be lodging-houses. wanting. (LOCUSTA.] my people, and thy God my God."--Ruth i. 16.

lodging-knees, 8. pl. 18-cü-tion, s. [Latin locutio, from locutus, 2. To reside temporarily; to have a temporary

Shipbuild.: Compass-timbers lying horizontally pa. par. of loquor=to speak.] The act or power residence.

and securing the junction of the deck-beams with of speaking; speech, discourse; mode of speech; . "Is there room in thy father's house for us to lodge the fra

in!"-Genesis xxiv. 23. phrase.

the frames. “Should gentle Phobus fortify my Jungs, 3. To be fixed, settled, or deposited; to settle; as, ings.

lodging-money, 8. Money given in lieu of lodg. And give locution from a hundred tongues."

A stone lodged on the roof.

seule; as, ings, as an allowance to officers and others for Lewis: Statius; Thebaid, xi. 4. To be beaten down; to be laid flat; as, Corn

whom suitable quarters cannot be provided. (Eng.) loc-u-tor-ý, *loc-u-tor-ye, 8. [As if from a lodges.

lodg'-měnt, lõdge-měnt, s. [Fr. logement; from Lat. locutorium, from locutus, pa. par. of loquor= lodge, *loge, *logge, 8. [O. Fr. loge; from Low

loge=lodging.) to speak.] A room or place for conversation; Lat. laubia a porch; lobia=a gallery: from O. H. I. Ordinary Language: specif., in monasteries a room in which the monks Ger. loubá; M. H. Ger. loube; Ger. laube=an arbor; 1. The act of lodging; the state of being lodged ; were allowed to converse, silence being enjoined from 0. H. Ger. laup; M. H. Ger. loub; Ger. laub= as, the lodgment of money in a bank; the lodgment elsewhere.

a leaf; Port. loga ; Sp. logia; Ital. loggia. Lodge of a stone on a roof, &c. *lõd'-am, *load -um, s. Etym, doubtful.] An and lobby are thus doublets.]

*2. A place where persons or things are lodged; a old game of cards.

1. A place of temporary residence or retreat; as a lodging.
“She and I will take you at lodam."
tent, a hut.

"Within the space were rear'd
Woman Killed roith Kindness.
“Thar loges & thare tontis vp thei gan bigge."

Twelve ample cells, the lodgments of his herd." Robert le Brunne, p. 67.

Pope: Homer's Odyssey, riv. 18. 10d-al-ge-sl-Q, 8. [Named after Mr. George 2. A small house in a park, domain, or forest; a Loddiges.)

3. Disposition, arrangement, or collocation in a

certain manner. Ornithology: A genus of Trochilidæ (Humming cottage..

"It was a lodge of ample size, Birds). The sole species is Loddigesia mirabilis,

4. An accumulation of matter lodged or deposited But strange of structure and device."

in a place, and remaining at rest. of which only one specimen has been met with.

Scott: Lady of the Lake, i. 26.

"An oppressed diaphragm from a mere lodgment of exlöde, *load, 8. [A. S. lád=a way, a course, from 3. A small house appendant to a larger: as, a travasated matter."-Sharp: Surgery. lidhan=to go, to travel; cogn, with Icel. leidh=a porter's lodge. lode, a way; lidha=to go, to move; Dan. led=

II. Technically:

4. A home, a dwelling of any sort. a gate, from lide=to glide on; Sw. led=a way, a

“How the beavers built their lodges

1. Fortif.: An intrenchment hastily thrown up in course, from lida=to pass on.]

Where the squirrely hid their acorns."

a captured work to maintain the position against I. Ordinary Language:

Longfellow: Hiawatha, iii, recapture. 5. A room or place where a society or branch of a

chofe 1. In the same sense as II. 2.

2. Mil.: The occupation of a position.

10'-di-cule, 10-dic-u-la, 8. (Lat. lodiculara “They begin at another place neere-hand, and so drawe society meets for business. by gesse to the main load againe."-Carew: Survey of “Having got acquainted with the Duke of Athol at a small coverlet, a blanket. Cornwall, fo. 10. lodge of Freemasons."-Walpole: Aneodotes of Painting,

Bot.: The name given by Palisot de 2. An open ditch or watercourse for carrying off F vol. iv., ch. iii.

the hypogynous scale of a grass. water from a fen.

6. The members who meet at such a place.

10-dó-1-cē-a, s. (Named after Laodice, the "There were lakes or lodes several miles in extent."

7. A collection of objects situated close together; daughter of Priam and Hecuba. (Paxton.)] Tomlinson: Level of Hatfield Chase, p. 67. as, a lodge of islands,

Bot.: A genus of Palms, tribe Borasseæ, and the 8. The occupants of an American Indian lodge or fan-leaved section of it. Lodoicea seychellarum, the II. Technically:

tepeé, consisting usually of from four to six persons. Sea Cocoa-nut or Double Cocoa-nut, is sixty, eighty, 1. Hydr. Eng.: A reach of water in a canal, or

flodge-a-ble, *1õdg'-a-ble, a. (English lodge; or even a hundred feet high. Its leaves bend to the slack-water navigation. 2. Mining: A regular vein affording metal. -able.) Capable of affording lodging ; fit for lodg: wind, but hold their places tenaciously. Its native ing in.

country was unknown till 1743 when it was found lode-ship, 8. A small fishing vessel. "At the furthest end of the town eastward, the ambas

in the Seychelles Archipelago. Previously it had *1öde-man, s. (LOADSMAN.) sador's house was appointed, but not yet (by default of

been known only by "double cocoa-nuts," floating some of the king's officers) lodgable."--Sir J. Finett:

on the sea, or cast on Indian or other Eastern *löde'-měn-age (age as Ig), 8. [LOADMANAGE.] Philoxemis (1656), p. 164.

shores. They were supposed to grow in a submarine *lödeş'-man, 8. [LOADSMAN.)

forest, and to possess fabulous virtues. Now tbey lodged, pa. par. & a. (LODGB, v.]

are believed to be wild only in the Maldives and Laclõde'-star, *lode-sterre, s. (LOADSTAR.] A. As pa. par.: (See the verb.)

cadives (Prof. Watt), those in Seychelles having lõde-stone, s. (LOADSTONE.) B. As adjective:

been planted. Their cabbage-like top is often pre1. The same as LOADSTONE (q. v.).

served in vinegar, and eaten. The leaves are em

1. Ord. Lang.: Furnished with lodgings; fixed, 2. A name given by Cornish miners to a species of settled, placed.

ployed to thatch houses; the young leaves are stone, or rather a compound of stone and sand of 2. Her.: A term applied to a buck, hart, hind,

made into hats; the trunk split into palisades for different colors; called also tristone (q. v.). &c., when represented at rest and lying on the shell of the fruit is used by Indian fakirs as a

surrounding houses and gardens. The hard, black *lõdg'-a-ble, a. (LODGEABLE.] ground.

drinking and begging cup. lodge, *loggen, v. t. & i. (Fr. loger, from loge= lõdġe -měnt, 8. (LODGMENT.]

læll-Ing-ite, s. [Named after the place where a lodging; Low Lat. logiare.)

lodg -ēr, 8. [Eng. lodg(e); -er.) One who lodges; first found, Lolling; suff. -ite (Min.); Ger. 18lingit, A. Transitive:

one who lives in lodgings; one who is not a perma- lollingit.] 1. To place in a lodging or temporary residence or nent inhabitant or resident.

Min.: An orthorhombic mineral much resemb

“We were lodgers at the Pegasus." habitation; to supply with lodging.

ling in form and angles leucopyrite and inis.

Shakesp.: Taming of the Shrew, iv. 4. “The king ... lodged him and accommodated him

pickel (g. v.). Hardness, 5-5-5; specific gravity, 6*&in great state."-Bacon: Henry VII.

lodger-franchise, s. A franchise introduced in 8.71; in other physical characters the same as len

England by the Reform Bill of 1867. It conferred copyrite. Composition: Arsenic, 72-8: iron, 27-2; 2. To afford a temporary dwelling or retreat to;

the franchise in towns on those lodgers who for a corresponding to the formula FeAs. Occurs with to harbor, to accommodate.

year previous to registration had lived in the same nickeline at various localities. “Ev'ry house was proud to lodge a knight."

apartments, which would let for at least £10 (about 10 -ěss, 8. [Provincial Ger.)
Dryden: Palamon and Arcite, iii, 110.
$50) if unfurnished and without attendance.

Geol.: Mud deposited by the Rhine along its 3. To track to covert.

lodg'-ing, *logging, *loggyng, *lodgynge, banks, and occupying a great part of the valley of “Speak, Hamlin! hast thou lodged our deer?. pr. par., a. & 8. (LODGE, v.]

the river. It consists of a finely-comminuted sand, Scott: Rokeby, iii. 31.

A. & B. As pr. par. & particip. adj.: (See the or pulverulent loam of a yellowish-gray color, 4. To place, set, or deposit for keeping or safety verb.)

chiefly of argillaceous matter combined with a for a longer or shorter time; as, to lodge money inc. As substantine.

sixth-part of carbonate of lime and a sixth-part of a bank.

quartzose and micaceous sand. Sometimes it con*5. To pen, to fold.

1. The act or state of residing or taking up one's tains sandy and calcareous coucretions or nodules.

abode temporarily. "From the rising of the lark to the lodging of the

In some places it is 200 or 300 feet thick. It contains

2. A place of rest or residence for a time or for a river and fresh-water shells of existing species. lamb."--Shakesp.: Henry V., iii, 7.

night: a temporary residence; especially a room or Interstratified with it are layers of ashes, thrown 6. To plant, to fix, to infix.

rooms hired for residence in the house of another out by some of the last eruptions of the now ex"When on the brink the foaming boar I met,

in which sense it is commonly used in the plural. tinct, or at least dormant, Eifel volcanoes. In AlAnd in his side thought to have lodg'd my spear." "His food, his drink, his lodging, his clothes, he owed to

sace it is called Lahm. There is a corresponding Otroay. charity.”-Macaulay: Hist. Eng. ch. xviii.

loess on the Mississippi. Both are Post Tertiary. 7. To implant; to fix in the mind, heart, or mem- 3. A place of residence: a retreat, an abode.

læw -ě-īte (w as V), s. [Named after A. Lowe ory.

"But therewithall a prattling parrot skips

by Haidinger; suff. -ile (Min.); Ger. loueit.] "So can I give no reason, nor I will not,

About the private lodging of his peers."

Min.: A tetragonal mineral found in pure crystalMore than a lodged hate."

Drayton: The Orol. line masses an inch in thickness mixed with anhyShakesp.: Merchant of Venice, iv. 1. 4. Harbor, covert.

drite (a. V.) at Ischl, Austria. Cleavage, basal. 8. To afford place to; to take in and keep. 5. Convenience to lodge or sleep on.

Hardness, 2.5-3; specific gravity, 2.376; luster, vitre"The memory can lodge a greater store of images than " Their feathers serve to stuff our beds and pillows ous; color, honey yellow to reddish. Tas all the senses can present at one time."-Cheyne: Philo- yielding us soft and warm lodging."--Ray: On the Crea. Composition: Sulphate of soda, 463; sulphate of sophical Principles. tion.

magnesia, 39 1; water, 14.7. fāte, făt, färe, amidst, whãt, fall, father; wē, wět, hëre, camel, hēr, thêre; pine, pit, sire, sir, marine; go, pot,

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fboards on... &c., are ninite (98 of Canad

le-wig-ite (w as v), s. [Named after Lewig, curved at the bottom, which is loaded so that it log (3), v. 1. (Cf. Dan. lagre=to wag the tail.) who first analyzed it; suff. -ite (Min.); Ger. löwigit.] may float upright in the water. To its corners is To move or rock to and fro.

Min.: A mineral found in rounded compact lumps attached a cord, termed a log-line, which is wound log'-an, log'-gan. 8. (LOG (3), v.] A rockingin a coal bed at Tabrze, Upper Silesia. Hardness, around a reel, the axis of which projects, allowing stone: a large stone so balanced as to be easily 34: specific gravity, 2*58: luster, feeble; color, pale it to turn freely when held in the hollow between made to rock to and fro. [ROCKING-STONE. straw-yellow; fracture, perfectly conchoidal. Com- the thumb and forefinger. The line is long enough position: Sulphuric acid, 36.2: alumina, 34:8; pot- to measure the distance sailed by the ship at her 10-gån'-e-æ, s. pl. (Mod. Lat. logan(ia); Lat. ash, 107; water, 183: corresponding to the formula greatest speed during a given time, usually 30 sec

ec fem. pl. adj. suff. eæ.) KOSO; +3A120 SO +9HO. Resembles in texture the onds, and is divided into knots, corresponding to a Bot.: The typical tribe of the order Loganiacee lithographic stone of Solenhofen.

proportionate part of the nautical mile, that is, 51 *lof (1), *lofe, 8. (A. S. & Icel. lof; 0. H. Ger.

feet. The string is knotted at such intervals that lo-găn -1-a, s. [Named by Mr. Brown after a lod.) Praise.

the spaces bear the same relation to a nautical Mr. Jas. Logan, said to have been the author of "Drihtin to lofe and wurthe."--Ormulum, 1,141

mile that a half-minute does to an hour, that is, the some experiments on the generation of plants.

knots must be the 120th of a nautical mile apart. (Loudon.)] lof (2), s. (LOAF.)

The Englisb geographical or nautical mile is of Bot.: The typical genus of the tribe Loganeæ and *loffe, v. i. (Laugh, v.]

a degree of latitude, about 2,025 yards. A certain the order Loganiaceæ (q. v.). It consists of about lof-sang. lof-songs. Mid. English lot and length of line--not marked-intervenes between the eleven small Australian bushes or herbaceous chip and the first division on the line. This is plants, with opposite entire leaves and t

and terminal or sang or song.] A song of praise.

termed the stray-line, and serves to allow the chip axillary bunches of white flowers. loft, subst. (Icel. loft (1) air, sky: (2) an upper to drift beyond the dead-water in the wake of the room; Dan. loftra loft; Sw. loft=a garret; A. S

8. pl. [Mod. Lat. I ship. Each knot is made sensible to the feeling as Lat. fem. pl. adj. suff. -aceæ.] luft=tho air, the sky; Goth. luftus=the air; Dut. well as to the sight, and is subdivided into ten lucht=the air; Ger. luft.)

Bot.: Loganiads; an order of perigynous exofathoms so called. The time is measured by a small 1. The air, the sky; heaven. (ALOFT.)

gens, alliance Gentianales. The leaves are opposand-glass. In heaving the log, the observer, 2. The room or space under a roof.

E: site, entire, with stipules often interpetiolar; flowusually an officer or petty officer, throws the chip 3. An elevated gallery in a church, for an organ over the taffrail, and as the first mark on the line or imbricated, four to five-parted; corolla regular

ers racemose, corymbose, or solitary; calyx valvate or choir.

passes over the reel, calls out "turn" to the assist. 4. An elevated story in a barn or stable, as a hay. ant. who immediately inverts the glass. When the

· or irregular, four, five, or ten-cleft; stamens in the loft above the floor on which the animals are sand has all run out, the latter calls out "out,

19 same line; ovary superior, two, three, or spuriously stalled.

four-celled: ovules indefinite or solitary ; fruit cap. when thobserver checks the line, noting the 5. A floor, a story, a stage.

sular, drupaceous or berried. Distribution, tropknots and fathoms which have passed out. This “The stage has three lofts one aboue another wherein operation, in well-regulated vessels, is performed species 162.

ical or intertropical countries. Known genera 22, were 360 columnes of marbel." - Hakerill: Apologie, every hour, and the result, as well as the course by bk. iv., ch. viii., § 2.

compass which the vessel is steering at the time, is 10-găn-1-adş, 8. pl. [Mod. Lat. logani(a); Eng. loft -1-1ğ, adv. (Eng. lofty; -ly.)

entered in the log-book, to serve as a basis for the pl. suff. -ads.) 1. In a lofty manner or position: aloft: on high. dead reckoning (9. V.).

Bot.: The name given by Lindley to the order (2) The same as LOG-BOOK (q. v.).

Loganiaceæ (q. v.). “Did ever any conqueror, loftily seated in his tri. amphal chariot, yield a spectacle so gallant and magnifi

2. Steam-engin.: A tabulated summary of the per 10-gan-ite, s. [Named after Sir Wm. Logan by cent."--Barror: Sermons, vol. i., ser. 32.

formance of the engines and boilers, and of the con

| T.S. Hunt: suff. -ite (Min.).) 2. Proudly, haughtily, arrogantly, pompously. sumption of coals, tallow, oil, and other engineers'

Min.: A mineral resulting from the alteration of "They speak wickedly concerning oppression; they stores on board a steam-vessel.

bornblende, having its form, angles, and cleavage. speak loftily." - Psalm luiii. 8.

log-board, 8.

Composition: Silica, 33.28; alumina, 13:30; sesqui3. With elovation of language or sentiment; sub Naut.: The hinged pair of boards on which the oxide of iron, 1992; magnesia, 35'50; water, 16.0. limely, memoranda of time, wind, course, rate, &c., are

Corresponds very closely to the composition of pen.

ninite (q. v). Found in the Laurentian crystalline loft -i-ness. #loft-i-nes. 8. Eng. lofty: -ness,1 noted for transcription into the log-book.

limestone of Canada. 1. The quality or state of being lofty, high, or log-book, 8. elevated; elevation, beight; as, the loftiness of a

log-a-med-ic, a. (Gr. logaoidikos, from logos=

1. Naut.: The book which contains a journal of speech, prose, and aoidē=poetry, verse.] mountain.

the vessel's progress from day to day, with any Pros: A term applied to verses in which the 2. Pride, haughtiness, arrogance, vanity,

event occurring on board, of vessels spoken, &c. It stronger dactylic rhythm na 3. Sublimity, grandeur, or elevation of sentiment. is transcribed from the log-board, and forms the trochaic, so that they seem

or vessels spoken, &c. It stronger dactylic rhythm passes into the weaker "One yet extant declareth the loftiness of his fancy, the rough-log from

to partake of the

which the smooth-log is tran- natures both of prose and poetry. richness of his vein, and the elegancy of his style."-Bar- scribed. role: Sermons, vol. iii., ser. 22.

2. The same as LOG, 8., I. 3.

log-a-rithm, s. [Gr. logos=a word, a propor. lof-tuVamed after W. Kennet Loftus,

nnet Lortus,

"Every tanchar ahonia hring hie lanhook to
“Every teacher should bring his log-book to the collect.

tion, and arithmos=a number; Fr. logarithme, Sp. who made geological and other investigations on ive examination every two or three years."-- Fearon:

& Ital. logaritmo.] the Turco-Russian frontier.) School Inspection, $ 13.

Math.: The logarithm of a number is the expo. Zool.: A genus of Foraminifera, family. Lituolida.

nent of the power to which it is necessary to raise a

log-cabin. 8. A hut or cabin roughly constructed fixed number, called the base, to produce the given While most of the class are minute, a Loftusia from of logs laid on each other. the Lower Eocene is between two and three inches

number. The logarithm of N to the base a is thus long.

log-canoe, 8. A canoe constructed of a single expressed, loga N. The logarithm of any number

depends upon the value of the base a, and different lof-tý, a. (Eng. loft; -y.] log hollowed out.

systems of logarithms are found by taking different I. Ordinary Language:

log-chip, s.

values of a: but since a0=1, in every system loga 1= 1. Lifted high up; elevated, high.

Naut.: The triangular board on the end of the 0. By taking different values of N in each system, "We began to ascend the steep of the Bocchetta, one of of log-line. [Log (1), 8., II. 1 (1).]

different values of x will be found in each system, the loftiest of the maritime Appenines or rather Alps."- *log-end, 8. The thick end of anytbing.

and such numbers being registered will form tables Eustace: Italy, iii. 496.

of logarithms. The Common, or Briggs', tables of log-glass, s.

Logarithms are calculated to base 10. The Napier. 2. Proud, haughty, arrogant, pompous. 3. Elevated in condition, character, or dignity i Haltominute or quarter-minute glasses are used,

Naut.: The sand-glass used at heaving the log. ian tables, invented by Lord Napier, are calculated

to base e (epsilon), which=2.7182818. In the comdignified. * Thos saith the high and lofty One that inhabit according to the rate of sailing. (LOG (1), 8., II. mon system of logarithms, the logarithm of 100 is

2, because 10 raised to the second power=100; sim. eternity, whose name is Holy."-Isaiah lvii. 15.

ilarly, the logarithm of 1000=3, of 10000=4, and so 4. Characterized by or indicative of pride, arro.

log-house, 8. The same as LoG-CABIN (q.v.).

on. When the logarithms form a series in arith. gance, or baughtiness; proud; as, a lofty air or log-line, 8.

metical progression, the corresponding natural manner.

Naut.: A line 150 fathoms in length. [LOG (1), 8., numbers form a series in geometrical progression, 5. Elevated in language or style; sublime, grand, II. 1(1).]

thus: stately, dignified; as, lofty verse.

log-measurer. s. A device for gauging logs, tak- Logarithms :: 0 1 2 3 6. Stately, dignified, majestic; as, lofty steps.

4 ing the round measure with the allowance for them

Natural numbers 1 10 100 1000 10000 100000 II. Bot. (of a tree or plant): Characterized by squaring, and giving results in board measure of The logarithms of numbers between 1 and 10 con. height; tall.

the ascertained square in running feet of the log. sist of decimals; of numbers between 10 and 100 they log (1), 8. (Icel. lágra felled tree, a log; cogn. log-reel, 8. The reel of the log-line.

consist of the integer 1 and a decimal; of numbers with Sw. dial. lågara felled tree; Old Sw. låger

between 100 and 1000 of the integer 2 and a decimal. broken branches; Sw. logg=a log (naut.), log-lina

log-roll, v. t.

and so on. The integral part of a logarithm is =a log-line; log-bok=a log-book, logga=to heave. 1. Lit.: To assist in collecting and rolling logs for called the index, and it is always less by 1 than the the log; Dan. logra log (naut.), log-linera log-line, burning.

number of integer places in the corresponding log-bog=a log-book, logge=to heave the log; Dut. 2. Fig.: To assist mutually in carrying measures natural number: thus the index of the logarithm of log=a log (naut.), log-lijn=a log-line; Ger. log.] of legislation.

3 is 0. of 30 is 1 of 300 is 2, and so on. The logarithms I. Ordinary Language:

log-ship, s. [LOG-CHIP.)

of decimals have negative indices, and the number

of units in the index is always greater by 1 than the 1. A rough, bulky piece of timber unhewed; a log-slate, s. A log-board (9.v.).

number of ciphers immediately following the deci. block; a piece of wood.

log-sled, s. A short, long, low-benched sled for mal point: thus the index of the logarithm of 3 is "I must remove Some thousands of these logs, and pile them up." , hauling logs.

-1, of '03 is -2, of .003 is -3 and so on. The decimal Shakesp.: Tempest. lii. 1. log (2), s. [Heb.) A Hebrew measure for lianids. part of a logarithm is called the mantissa. Loka2. An account of one's acts or transactions: a containing, according to some, three-quarters of a rithms are of great service in shortening and facili. diary, a journal.

pint: according to others. a quarter of a cab, and tating the arithmetical operations of multiplication 3. A book in which the master of a public school consequently five-sixths of a pint. According to and division; for since the sum of the logarithms

of two numbers is the logarithm of the product of Dr. Arbuthnot, it was a liquid measure, the seventyenters memoranda.

those numbers; and since logarithms are the insecond part of the bath or ephah, and twelfth part II. Technically:

dices of powers of the same basis, the difference of 1. Nautical: of the hin,

the logarithms of two pumbers is the logarithm of (1) An apparatus for ascertaining the rate of a 108 (1), v. 1. (LOG (1), 8. To cut and get out the quotient: also the multiple of the logarithm of slip's motion. In its common form it consists of logs.

a number is the logarithm of the power of that num. & triangular piece of wood, called the log-chip, log (2), v. t. (LOG (1), s.) To enter in a log-book. ber, and a fraction of the logarithm of a number is bou, boy; pout, JoWl; cat, çell, chorus, chin, bench; go, gem; thin, this; sin, aş; expect, Xenophon, exist. ph = f.

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logistic the logarithm of the corresponding root. Hence a log-g1-a (pl. log'-gi-ê), 8. (Ital.) (LODGE.] 2. Deductive logic: Syllogistic Logic; in which do complete table of logarithms would enable us to

Italian Architecture:

more is inferred in the conclusiontban is implicitly perform multiplication by addition, division by 1. A corridor or gallery of a palatial building,

contained in the premises. (SYLLOGISM. subtraction, involution by multiplication, and sometimes on the level of the ground, at other

3. Equational logic: A system of logical notation evolution by division. Logarithms were invented

in which propositions are expressed in the form of by Lord Napier of Merchiston in Scotland in 1614,

equations. (See Jevons: Principles of Science, and and improved by Henry Briggs, Savillian Professor

Studies in Deductive Logic.) of Geometry at Oxford in 1624.

4. Inductive logic: The science which treats of .. (1) Arithmetical complement of a logarithm:

inductive reasoning, by which, broadly speaking, a The difference between the given logarithm and 10.

general proposition is inferred from a number of (2) Hyperbolic logarithms: The Napierian system

particular propositions. (INDUCTIVE-METHOD.) of logarithms, so called from their relation to cer

5. Modified logic: That logic which is concerned tain areas included between the equilateral hyper

in the investigation of Truth and its contradictors bola and its asymptotes.

opposite, Error; of the causes of Error, and the "There is no reason why the Napierian logarithms

impediments to Truth and their removal, and of should be called hyperbolic, rather than those of any

the subsidiaries by which human thought may be other system; for, the same relation which exists between

strengthened and guided in its functions. the Napierian system and the equilateral hyperbola also

"What I have called Modified Logic is identical with exists between other systems and oblique hyperbolas. In

what Kant and other philosophers have denominated the case of oblique hyperbolas, the area is limited by two

Applied Logic."-Sir W. Hamilton: Logic (ed. 1874), i. 60. . oblique ordinates, and the modulus of the system is

6. Pure logic: (See extracts.) always equal to the sine of the angle between the ordi. nates."-Davies & Peck: Mathematical Dict.: Logarithms.

Pure logic arises from a comparison of things as to

their sameness or difference in any quality or cireulog-a-rith-mět:-ic, *log-a-rith-mět:-Ic-al, a.

Palazzo Della Loggia, Brescia.

stance whatever."-W. Stanley Jevons: Pure Logic, p. 17. (Formed on analogy of arithmetic, arithmetical.]

Pure logic teaches both the laws of immediate knowl. times at the height of one or more stories running edge or Perception, and those of mediate knowledge or of or pertaining to logarithms; logarithmic.

along the front or part of the front of the building. Thought.”-ueberweg: Logic, p. 17. log-a-rith-mět'-Ic-al-1ğ, adv. (Eng. logarith

and open on one side to the air, on which side is a metical; -ly.) The same as LOGARITHMICALLY series of pillars or slender piers; a belvedere.

7. Syllogistic logic: [Deductive logic.] (q. v.).

2. A large ornamental window in the middle of 8. Symbolic logic: log-a-rith'-mic, log-a-rith-mic-al, a. (Eng. the chief story of a building, often projecting from

(1) (See extract.)

Symbolic logio is not a generalization of the Common logarithm; -ic, -ical.l Of or pertaining to loga- the wall.

3. An open balcony in a theater or concert-hall.

pen balcony in theater or concert.haul rithms; consisting of logarithms.

Logic in all directions alike. It confines itself to one

side of it, viz., the class or denotation side-probably the "A mathematical novelty in the shape of a logarithmic log-ging (1), s. (LODGING.)

only side which admits of much generalization-and this average."-Athenæum, Aug. 19, 1882.

*log'-ging (2), pr. par. & s. [Log, v.]

it pushes to the utmost limits, withdrawing attention logarithmic-curve, 8.

A. As pr. par.: (See the verb.)

from everything which does not develop in this direc

tion."-Venn: Symbolie Logic, ch. ii. Math.: A curve that may be referred to a system B. As subst.: The act of collecting or getting logs. of rectangular coordinate axes, such that the ordi:

10gs.

Tomi

(2) The term is also loosely applied to the illus.

logging-ax, 8. An ax used in cutting off logs. tration of logical relations by matbematical signs nate of anylpoint will be equal to the logarithm of It is usually heavier than a felling or lopping ax. or by diagrams. its abscissa.

logging-head, 8. The working-beam of a steam- log -Ic-al, a. [Eng. logic; -al.] logarithmic-spiral, 8.

engine. Math. A curve-line intimately connected with

1. Of or pertaining to logic; taught or used in

log -ic, tlog -ics, s. (Fr. logique, from Lat. log. logic. tha logarithmic-curve. It intersects all its radiants ir Care

e

ogic; logicus = logical: Gr. at the same angle, which angle is the modulus of logike technė=(the art) of logic; logikos = pertain

"But they are put off by the names of vertues, and

natures, and actions, and passions, and such other log. the system of logarithms represented by the partic- ing to speech or logic; logos = a speech; lego = to ical words." — Bacon: Nat. Hist., § 98. ular spiral. Also called a logistic-spiral.

read.) log-a-rith-mic-al-1ğ, adverb. (Eng. logarith. Hist. & Phil.: Logic, as known in the pres

2. According to the rules or principles of logic;

sound in reasoning. mical; -ly.) In a logarithmical manner; by the use day, is a development and modification of the technė dialektikē=art of reasoning, which Aristotle,

"He, by sequel logical, or aid of logarithms. utilizing the labors of his predecessors, and not

Writes best, who never thinks at all.” *loge, 8. [Fr.) A lodge, a lodging, a habitation. ably those of Zeno of Elea, molded into some

Prior: Epistle to Fleetrood Shephard. (Chaucer: C. T., 14,895.) thing like consistent shape. The first development

3. Skilled in logic; furnished with logic. log-gan, 8. [Logan.) of Aristotelian Logic was by the Scholastics (q. v.);

"A man who sets up as a judge in criticism, should *log'gạt, 8. [A dimin. from log (1), s. (q. v.)] and Lewes (Hist. Phil. (1880), ii. 22) mentions it

i have a clear and logical head."- Addison. 1. A small log or piece of wood.

with praise of Abelard, that he brought forward log-i-căl-1-tý, s. (Eng. logical; -ity.) The

Logic as an independent power in the great arena state or quality of being logical. 2. (Pl.): The name of an old game, consisting in Logic as an in fixing a stake in the ground, and pitching small

of theological debate." At the time of the Reforma- "It (Cynicism) required a great rude energy, a fanst

tion, probably as a protest, Scholasticism was de- ical logicality of mind.”—Leves: History of Philosophy, pieces of wood at it, the nearest thrown winning. It was declared unlawful by the 33d of Henry VIU. preciated, and at some of the Scotch Universities i. 191.

it was discarded for Ramism (q. v.): The subtle (Shakesp.: Hamlet, v. 1.)

*loģ-i-că 1-1-ză-tion, s. (English logicaliz(e); distinctions and keen disputations of the Schoolmen -ation.] The act of making logical. logged, pret. & pa. par. of v. (LODGE, v.] led in the next century to Bacon's condemnation “The mere act of writing tends in a great degree to the logged, a. (Eng. log; -ed.)

of the perversion-not of the cultivation of logical logicalization of thought."-E. A. Poe: Marginalia, iri. 1. Ord. Lang.: Fastened with logs. (Amer.) .

pursuits. Locke was not so moderate, as may be
seen in his Essay (ch. xxii., Of Reason). (For Ger-

*1õg:-1-cal-ize, v. t. [Eng. logical; -ize.) To make 2. Naut.: The same as WATER-LOGGED (q. v.).

man Logic, see HEGELIANISM, KANTIAN-PHILOSO- logical. log'-gěr, s. & a. (Eng. log (1), s.; -er.)

PHY, and TRANSCENDENTALISM. Generally speak. "Thought is logicalized by the effort at espression." A. As subst.: A person employed to get logs or ing, down to the first half of the present century. E. A. Poe: Marginalia, xvi. timber. (U.S.)

there was little dispute as to how Logic should be log-Ic-al-1ğ, adv. [Eng. logical; -ly.) In a log. *B. As adj.: Stupid. (Cotton: Burlesque upon

defined. The Port Royalists had certainly called ical manner; according to the rules or principles of

it the Art of Thinking: but tbe Art or Science of Burlesque.)

logic. Reasoning, or the Art and Science of Reasoning "This danger we avoid if we logically follow out the log-gěr-hěad, 8. (Eng. logger, a., and head.] met with little opposition as a definition. This is principles of the constitution to their consequences." I. Ord. Lang.: A blockhead, a stupid fellow, a how Whately defines it (Logic, Introd., $1), and a

Macaulay: Hist. Eng., ch. x. dolt. (Shakesp.: Henry IV., Pt. I., ii. 4.)

writer of such opposite opinions as Tongiorgi, S. J.
(Inst. Phil.) has substantially the same words; and

lo-gi-cian, s. [Fr. logicien, from Lat. logicus.) II. Technically: a parallel passage to Whately's explanation, as to

One who is versed or skilled in logic; a teacher or 1. Bot. (pl.) : Centaurea nigra. how Logic is at once a science and an art, oecurs in

professor of logic. 2 Build.: A spherical mass of iron with a long Liberatore, who is read in many of the ecclesiasti.

"The grim logician puts them in a fright; handle used to melt tar. tical colleges in Rome, Sir W. Hamilton says that:

'Tis easier far to flourish than to fight." 3. Naut.: A runnel on the gunwale of a whale.

Dryden: Hind and Panther, iii. 201. "Logic is the Science of the Laws of Thought as Thought boat, over which the line passes as it is drawn out

*1ờģ-1-cise, v. i. (Eng. logic; -ise.) To reason; by the fish; a ballard.

or the Science of the Formal Laws of Thought, or the

Science of the Laws of the Forms of Thought: for all to exercise logical powers. 4. Zool.: (LOGGERHEAD-TURTLE.)

these are merely various expressions of the same thing." (1) To fall (come, or go) to loggerheads : To

tlog -ics, s. (LOGIC.) -Lectures on Logio (ed. 1874), i. 26. come to blows. (L'Estrange.)

lo-giě, s. (Etym. doubtful.) A piece of hollowedMill's definition is far wider in its inclusion, for he out pewter polished in various concavities, and (2) To be at loggerheads : Tó quarrel, to fight; to

makes Logic coöxtensive with proof: engage in a dispute.

used as theatrical jewelry. "Logic, then, is the science of the operations of the loggerhead-turtle, s.

he Lö-giër-1-an, a. [See def.] Of or belonging to

understanding which are subservient to the estimation Zool.: Thalassochelys olivacea, formerly Chelone of evidence; both the process itself of advancing from

John Bernard Logier, who was born at Cassel, in couanna, a turtle frequenting the Atlantic, and known truths to unknown, and all other intellectual oper. 1780, and died in 1846. found more rarely in the Mediterranean. The head ations in so far as auxiliary to this. It includes, there

s in so far as auxiliary to this. It includes, there. Logierian system, s. is low, broad, and flat on the top. The feet are fore, the operation of Naming; for language is an

instrument of thought, as well as a means of commularge. Body colored brownish or reddish-brown.

Music: A system of musical instruction intro nicating our thoughts." -Logic (Introd. 37).

duced by Logier. It flourished from about 1817 to The Indian loggerhead has long fore limbs, and but

Savce (Prin. Comp. Philol., Pref.ix.) has a passage, one claw.

1827. which is an admirable gloss upon the latter part of

*lõg-Ist, s. (Gr. logistēs=a calculator.) A callog'-gēr-head-ěd, a. (Eng. loggerhead; ed.) Doltish, stupid, blockheaded. (Shakesp.: Taming this definition. (See also Lewes: Hist. Phil. (1880),

culator. 201 1

lo-ġist-ic, a. (Gr. logistikos=skilled in calcu. of the Shrew, iv. 1.)

[1. Applied logic:

lating, from logizomai=to calculate; Fr. logis. loggerheaded-shrike, s.

(1) [Modified logic.]

tique.) Ornith.: Lanius carolinensis (Wilson). Its colors (2) The term is sometimes loosely used for logical i. Logical. are gray, black, and white. it feeds on crickets method employed in some particular branch of 2. Pertaining or relating to logistics; sexagesiand grasshoppers. investigation.

mal. fāte, făt, färe, amidst, whãt fall, father; wē, wět, . hëre, camel, hēr, thêre; pine, pit, sire, sir, marine; gó, pot,

[graphic]

logistic-arithmetic

2557

lolium

logistic-arithmetic, s.

10-go-mět'-ric, 10-go-mět'-ric-a1, a. (Greek *161-6-lite, 8. (After Ignatius Loyola, the Math.: Certain logarithmic numbers used for logos=a word, ratio, and Eng. metric, metrical founder.) A Jesuit (q. v.) facilitating the calculation of the fanth term of (a. V.).1 Of or pertaining to a logometer: used to which the false Loiolate traduced.” Hackett, Life of proposition, of which one of the terms is a given measure chemical equivalents.

Williams, i. 172. constant quantity, commonly one hour, while the

loir (oi as wa), 8. (From Fr. loir; Prov. glire; other terms are expressed in minutes and seconds; 1. Phil. : The word Logos has a philosophical as Sp. liron; Port. leirão; Ital. gliero; Lat. glis (genit. in which case the logistic logarithm of a given num- well as religions history. It first becomes promi. gliris) =a dormouse.) Der or seconds, or minutes and seconds, is the ex- nentithe theories of Haranlitne of Enhesus, whera Zool.: Morus glis. A dormouse larger than the cess of the logarithm of 3,600, the number of seconds

it appears as a law of nature. objective in the common species. It is found in the south of Europe in an hour, over the logarithm of the given number

per world, giving order and regularity to the movement and in Asia. of seconds; so that the process is reduced to adding of things. The Logos formed an important part of 161-s-leūr-1-a, s. (Named after Loiseleur the logistic logarithms of the second and third the Stoic System. The active principle living in Deslongchamps, a French botanist. terms, which gives the logistic logarithm of the the world, and determining it they called both fourth term. For example, to form the logistic log- Logos and God. The Divine Reason, operating Azalea, but Sir Joseph Hooker makes thein distinct.

Bot. A genus of Ericaceæ, sometimes merged in fourth term. For example, to form the logistic loc. the world, and determining it they called both Deslongchamps, a French botanist.) arithm of 3' 20" or 2009, we take the logarithm upon matter, bestows upon it the laws which govern Loiseleuria procumbens is better known as Azalea 2-3010 from 3-5563, and we have 1.2553 for the logistic

it, laws which the Stoics called logoi spermatikoi, logarithm of 3 20". Logistic logarithms are tabu

procumbens. (AZALEA. or productive causes. They also taught that in man lated and employed in certain astronomical com- there was a special Logos, which they called endia. 161'-tēr, *loy-ter, *loi-tren, *loy-tron, v. i. & t. putations, but they are now almost entirely disused. thetos. so long as it was resident within the breast; [Dut. leuteren=to linger, to loiter, to trifle; loteren logistic-spiral, s. (LOGARITHMIC-SPIRAL.] prophorikos, when it was expressed. For the doc. =to delay, to linger. From the same root as Eng. trine of Philo, see extract:

lout; A.S. lútan; Icel. lúta = to stoop; lútr = lo-gist -Ic-al, a. (Eng. logistic; -al.] The same

The Logos, a being intermediate between God and the stooping.] as LOGISTIC (q. v.).

world, dwells with God as His Wisdom. The Logos is dif. A. Intrans.: To linger, to delay, to dawdle. to lo-ģist-Ics, s. [LOGISTIC.)

fused through the world of the senses as divine reason re. spend time idly, to be dilatory, to lag.

vealing itself in the world. ... The Logos does not 1. Math.: The same as sexagesimal arithmetic. 4

“Oh, aid me, then, to seek the pair, 1c, exist from eternity like God, and yet its genesis is not that is, that system of arithmetic in which numbers like our own and that of all other created beings; it is the

Whom, loitering in the woods, I lost." are expressed in the scale of sixty. The use of this first-begotten Son of God, and is for us, who are imper.

Scott: Glenfinlas. scale is almost entirely confined to trigonometrical fect, a God; the wisdom of God is its mother. .. B. Trans.: To waste or consume in trifles; to operations for expressing fractional parts of a cir. Through the agency of the Logos, God created the world, idle. Followed by away; as, to loiter away one's cumference, or of a right angle.

and has revealed Himself to it. The Logos is also the time. 2. Mil.: That branch of military science or art represer

representative of the world before God, acting as its high

Hist: 101-tēr-ēr, s. (English loiter; -er.] One who which deals with the comparative warlike resources

Paraclete." -Ueberweg: Hist.

priest, intercessor, and of countries between which war is likely to break Philos., i. 224, 225.

loiters or lingers; a lingerer, an idler; one who is

dilatory. 2. Scrip.: A Being who was in the bes g, was

"And gathering loiterers on the land discern has to be conducted, the means of transit, resources with God, and was God; made all things, had in himself life, which was the light of men; became

Her boat." of food, geographical features, climate, &c.

Byron: Corsair, i. 4. flesh, and dwelt among men. (John i. 1, 3, 4, 14; cf. 101-tēr-Ing. pr. par. or a. (LOITER.) lÕg-măn, s. [Eng. Log, and man.

also 1 John i. 1, where the Logos is called the *1. One employed to carry logs. “Word of Life.") The reference is evidently to

161-tế-ng-lẽ, adv. [Eng. loitering; -1.] In a Jesus Christ, viewed as having existed from the "To make me slave to it; and, for your sake,

loitering, dawdling, or dilatory manner. Am I this patient logman."

beginning, and at a certain period becoming incarn. Lõk, Lo-ki, s. (Icel.=a deceiver, lokka, Ger. Shakesp.: Tempest, iii. 1. ate and dwelling among men.

lochen=to entice.] 2. A person employed to collect and take logs to a log-o-thēte, 8. [Gr. logos=a word, and tithëmi Scand. Mythol.: The evil deity, the author of all mill.

=to place. An accountant: an officer of the Byz- wickedness and calamities. . He is said to be the *lo-goc-ra-çõ, 8. [Gr. logos=a word; krate7=

antine Empire, who was the head of an adminis. father of Hela, goddess of the lower regions.

trative department, the public treasurer, or the lo-ka-7, 8. (Native name.) to rule.) Government by the power of words. chancellor of the empire.

Chemistry: A crude dye, originally imported from 1o-gó-dæ'-dal-ġ, 8. (Greek logos=a word, and “In the ancient system of Constantine, the name of China under the name of Chinese Green, but now daidalos = cunningly wrought. A laving with logothete, or accountant, was applied to the receivers of extracted from the berries of the common buck. words ; verbal legerdemain. the finances: the principal officers were distinguished as +

thorn. It contains 30 per cent. of mineral matter. the logothetes of the domain, of the posts, the army, the P

Pure lokao, obtained by treating the crude dye with log -o-grăm, 8. (Gr. logos=a word, and gramma private and public treasure; and the great logothete, the

solution of ammonia carbonate, filtering, and presupreme guardian of the laws and revenues, is compared =a letter. 1. A phonogram or sign, which for the sake of with the chancellor of the Latin Monarchies." -Gibbon: cipitating with alcohol, is a compound of ammonia

with a pure blue coloring matter called lokain, brevity represents a word; as, that is t, for that. Roman Empire, ch. liii. 2. A set of verses forming a puzzle. The verses log'-o-type, s. [Gr. logos=a word, and Eng. type

pe (NH4)2C56H66O34. On treating ammonium-lokain contain words synonymous with certain others (q. v.).]

with dilute sulphuric acid, it splits up into glucose formed from the transposition of the letters of an "Print.: A type having for its face a whole word

ring for its faca avhola word and an insoluble residue, lokaëtin, C18H16010. An

aqueous solution of crude lokao dyes cotton a pale original word, which last it is the object to find outor a combination of letters in common use; as, con, a lõ-gog'-ra-phēr, s. (Gr. logographos=a prose

com. tion, ing. the. and, in, on, &c. These com: green, but gives to wool and silk a pale bluish-gray pounded types are not now generally used except in 10-ka'-e

lö-ka'-ě-tin, s. (LOKA0.] writer; logos=prose, and graphò=to write.]

the larger American cities on the daily newspapers, 1. An historian. The early Greek historians from

lo-ka-in, 8. (LOKAO.) but the practice still remains in combination of Cadmus of Miletus to Herodotus are so called by letters such as f, fi.

lõke (1), 8. (LOCK, s.] Thucydides (i. 21), and the name has been since

log-thing (h silent), subst. [Icel. lög=law, and

1. A wicket, a hatch. appropriated to the old chroniclers before Herodo tus.

2. A private road or path. thing=an assembly.] The legislative portion of the Liddell & Scott.)

3. A narrow lane. 2. A professional speech-writer. Norwegian diet, consisting of one-fourth of the

*lőke (2), 8. (LOCK (2), s.) lõ-80-grăph-ic, lo-go-grăph-Ic-al, a. (Eng. with the highest judicial authorities, the supreme members, who sit apart from the others, and form,

*löke, v. t. (Look, v.] logograph(y); -ic, -ical.] Of or pertaining to logog. court of the kingdom. raphy (q. v.).

*lok'-en, *lőke, pa. par. or a. (Lock, v.] log'-wood, s. (Eng. log, and wood; it derives its logographic-printing, 8. The same as Logog- name from the fact that it'is imported in logs.]

lõ-11g-1-dæ, 8. pl. [Lat. lolig(0); fem. pl. adj.

insuff. -idæ.] RAPHY, 1. "It was introduced by Mr. Henry John. Bot., Comm., dc.: The wood of Hæmatoxylon su

in campeachianum. It is used as a red dye stuff. The

2001.: Carpenter's name for a family of Cephaloson and Mr. Walters of the London Times, in 1783.

i pods, called by Woodward and others Teuthidæ. *10-go-grăph-ic-al-ly, adv. [Eng, logograph: Decoction of Logwood and the Extract of Logwood" ical; -ly.] In a logographic fmanner; in the man- astringent in diarrhæa, chronic dysentery, and

are officinal preparations. Logwood is used as an lol-1-go, 8. (Lat.=the cuttle fish.) ger of logography.

200l.: Calamary. A genus of cephalopodous molatonic dyspepsia. It colors the urine of those who lusks, family Teuthidæ, sub-family Myopsinæ (My. lo-gog-ra-phý, s. [Greek logographia, from use it pink. (Garrod.)

opsidæ, D'Orbigny). The pen is lanceolate, with logos=a word, and graphò=to write; Fr. logogra- 10-gy, a. Sluggish ; slow-going.

the shaft produced in front. It is multiplied by age, phie.

so that in old individuals several pens are found 1. Á method of printing in which a type represents lo-hock, s. (LOCH (2), s.) A medicine or prepaa whole word, or a termination of a word, instead

packed closely together. (Owen.) The body tapers à ration of a consistence between a soft electuary and

behind, being much elongated in the males; the fins of a single letter. a syrup.

are terminal, united, rhombic. Length, excluding 2. A system of taking down the words of a speaker, 161m-ic, a. (Gr. loimikos, from loimor=conta- the tentacles, from three inches to two and a half without making use of shorthand, by a number of gious matter.] Of or pertaining to the plague or feet. S.P. Woodward considered that twenty-three reporters, each of whom took down three or four other contagious disease.

recent species are known, these Steenstrup reduces words. It was invented by Mr. H. Barlow, about 16in, *loine, *loyne, 8. (O. Fr. logne, longe, from to seven. They are found in all seas. One is fossil; 1784.

Law Lat. *lumbea, from Lat. lumbus = the loin. it is from the Lias. Loliqo vulgaris is the Common log-0-griph, *log-0-grỹph, 8. [úr. logos=a Prob. cogn. with Mid. Eng. lend, lænd; A. S. len. Squid; L. media the Little Squid. (SQUID.) word, and griphos=a fishing-net, a riddle; Fr. logog. dena=the loins.] .

löl-i-gop -sis, 8. (Lat. loligo=a cuttle fish, and riphe; Ital. & Sp. logogrifo.] An enigmatical ques. I. Ordinary Language:

Gr. opsis=look, appearance.] tion; a puzzle, a riddle.

200l.: A genus of cephalopodous mollusks, family +18-gom-a-chist, 8. (Eng. logomach(y); -ist.] 2. A joint of meat, corresponding to the part Teuthidæ, sub-familyOligopsinæ (Oligopsidæ, One who contends or disputes about words. described under II.

D'Orbigny). The pen is slender, with a minute 3. (Pl.). The reins.

conical appendix; the body is elongated, the arms lỗ gõm-a-chẽ, 8. [Gr, logomachia, from logo8=

“Smite through the loins of them that rise against short, the cups in two rows; the tentacles slender,

... a word, and machomai=to fight; Fr. logomachie; him."-Deut, xxxiii. 11.

the funnel valveless. Eight species are known, all Ital. logomachia; Sp. logomaquia.] A contention II. Anat. (Human comp.): A popular rather recent. They are pelagic, and found in various seas. in words or about words; a dispute about words. than a scientific term for the soft part of a verte- lõl-1-ŭm, *löl-1-ön, 8. (Lat. lolium = darnel,

Gr. logos=a word tio, and brate, lying between the false ribs and the hip- cockle, tares.) metron=a measure.] A scale for measuring chemi- joint. Scientifically this is called the lateral part Bot. Rye-grass. A genus of Grasses, tribe Hord. cal equivalents. of the lumbar region.

ex (Lindley), tribe Poaceæ, sub-tribe Hordeaceæ boll, boy; pout, JoWl; cat, çell, chorus, chin, bench; go, gem; thin, this; sin, aş; expect, Xenophon, exist. ph = f.

loll

2558

lonchidite

e at Ang givench High, to birayers, lo, an

ce, an'agre mellownessopio Allegiornamento

(Sir Joseph Hooker). The spike is distichous, the “9. That Christ is not in the Sacrament of the Altar several necessary modifications. Many peculiarispikelets solitary; the empty glume one, the flower truly and really in His proper corporeal person.

ties assert themselves in which the vaulted basilicas ing glumes many. Four species are known, all from

"$. That if a man be only contrite, all exterior con of Lombardy differ from those of other countries. the north temperate zone. fession is to him superfluous and invalid.

This occurs par47. That it hath no foundation in the Gospel that ticularly in the 1õll, *10ll-en, v. i. & t. (O. Dut. lollen=to sit Christ did ordain the mass. over the fire; prob. a derivative of lull=to sing to “8. That if the Pope be a reprobate and an evil man,

façades, which sleep; Icel. lulla=to loll; lolla=to move slowly; and consequently a member of the devil, he hath no

have not, as is lalla=to toddle as a child; lolla=sloth.] power over the faithful of Christ given to him by any,

usually the case, A. Intransitive: unless, peradventure, it be given him by the Emperor.

a higher central

BRUNEI “9. That after Urban VI. none other is to be received as portion and low 1. To lie or recline idly; to lie in a careless atti. Pope, but that Christendom ought to live after the man. tude; to lounge. ner of the Greeks under its own laws.

but which pre“The large Achilles on his press'd bed lolling

10. That it is against the sacred Scriptures that ecclesi. sent one mass, From his deep chest laughs out a loud applause." astical persons should have any temporal position."

terminating in a Shakesp.: Troilus and Cressida, i. 3.

Among fourteen articles adjudged to be "erro- gable above, un2. To hang from the mouth, as the tongue of a dog neous” were the following:

der the slopes of when heated with exertion and panting.

which, as well as “13. That a prelate or bishop excommunicating a clerio in the choir and To the black fount they rush, a hideous throng, who hath appealed to the king or the council of the realm,

he king or the council of the realm, dome, are introWith paunch distended, and with lolling tongue." in doing so is e traitor to the king and the realm.

duced arcade Pope: Homer's Iliad xvi. 199. “15. That it is lawful for any deacon or presbyter to

galleries. The preach the Word of God without the authority or license 3. To suffer the tongue to hang out from the

separation into of the Apostolic See, or of a Catholic bishop or of any mouth. (Said of animals.) other recognized authority.

central and side

side B. Trans.: To put out; to allow to hang from the

divisions, as

Lombardic Architecture. "17. Also that temporal lords may at will take away mouth.

their temporal goods from churches habitually delin marking out the The Church of San Zenone, Verona, "With his lolled tongue he faintly licks his prey." quent.

nave and aisles,

Italy.
Dryden: Annus Mirabilis, cxxxii.

"18. That tithes are pure alms, and that parishioners is only effected

may for the offenses of their curates detain them, and in a way that harmonizes but indifferently with the *loll, s. (LOLL, v.] One who lolls about; a bestow them on others at pleasure, and that tenants may whole by means of pilasters and half-columns. Belounger, an idler, correct delinquent landlords at will.

sides the small arcade galleries below the gable, the “A lobbe, a loute, a heavy loll, a logge." "24. That friars are bound to get their living by the

whole of the facade is frequently decorated with Breton: Pasquil's Madcappe, p. 10. Tabor of their hands, and not by begging." [LOLLARD.]

one or more of these rows of arcades one above Lěl-lạrd, s. (A confusion between two words: Lól-lard-ý, 8. (Eng. Lollard; -y.] The same another, either continuous or grouped, with pilasloller=one who lolls about, a lazy fellow, and O. as LOLLARDISM (q. v.).

ter-strips between the groups. The west front is Dut. lollaerd=a mumbler of prayers, a Lollard,

“When the eyes of the Christian world began to open,
"When the avec

sometimes embellished with a large and elegant from lullen, lollen=to sing, to hum.] and the seeds of the Protestant religion (though under

rose window, which in fact forms one of the chief Ecclesiol. & Church Hist. (Pl.): the opprobrious name of lollardy) took root in this king.

beauties of the facades of many of the churches in 1. A name given to a religious association which dom."--Blackstone: Comment., bk. iv., ch. 4.

Italy, which are built in the Later Romanesque arose at Antwerp about the beginning of the four

1011 -ēr, 8. [Eng. loll; -er.) One who lolls about;

style. teenth century. By some, Walter Lollard, who was

Lombardic School of Painting, s. The disburnt alive at Cologne in 1322, is said to have been a lounger, an idle vagabond

tinguishing characteristics of this school arethe founder, but it seems to have existed before his loll-ing, pr. par. & a. (LOLL, v.)

grace, an'agreeable taste for design, without great time. The members were unmarried men and wid

correctness, 4 mellowness of pencil, and a beautiful owers. who lived in community under a chief. 1011-ing-19, adv. (Eng. lolling; -ly.] In a loll.

mixture of colors. Antonio Allegri, called Correserving to themselves, however, the right of ing, dawdling fashion.

reggio, was the father and greatest ornament of returning to their former mode of life. In 1472 the lol-11-pop, 8. (Etym. doubtful; pop is probably this school; he began by imitating nature alone, Pope constituted them a religious order. In 1506 the same as pap (q. v.), and lolly is perhaps the but as he was chiefly delighted with the graceful, Julius II. increased their privileges. They con- same as in loblolly (q. v.).] A sweet; a kind of he was careful to purify his design; he made his tinued to the French Revolution.

sugar confection which dissolves easily in the figures elegant and large, and varied bis outlines 2. The name, having become one of contempt, mouth. was applied to the followers of Wycliffe, and

by frequent undulations, but was not always pure an ..

and correct, though bold in his conceptions. Corespecially to the poor preachers whom he sent out.

reggio painted in oil, a kind of painting susceptible Lechler states that "a monkish zealot, Henry 1. To move heavily..

of the greatest delicacy and sweetness; and as his Cromp, of the Cistercian Monastery of Bawynglas, 2. To lounge or idle about.

character led him to cultivate the agreeable, he gave in the county of Meath," preaching before the Uni 10-mär-1-a. s. [Mod. Lat.. fr. Gr. loma=the a pleasing, captivating tone to his pictures. versity of Oxford, on Saturday, June 14, 1382, "in- hem, fringe, or border of a robe, from the marginal Lom-bardỹ, s. [LOMBARD.) A province in the dulged in violent attacks upon the Wiclif party,

sori.) and applied to them the heretic name of Lollards, Bot.: Hard Fern. A genus of ferns. order Poly.

polo north of Italy, of which Milan is the capital. which had recently come into use, but till that time

podiaceæ. It has more or less barren and quite Lombardy-poplar, s. had never been publicly employed." (Lechler: Wiclif and His English Precursors, ed. Lorimer.) involucre close to the margin. Forty species are

fertile fronds, the latter with linear sori, and an Bot.: Populus fastigiata. (POPULUS, POPLAR. ) While Richard II. reigned, the persecution of the

lo-měnt, lo-měn'-tăm, s. (Lat. lomentum, a known. [BLECHNUM.] Lollards was not heartily favored by the Court,

mixture of bean-meal and rice kneaded together, though proceedings against them were authorized, Lõm'-bard, subst. (Low Lat. Longobardi=long used by the Roman ladies for preserving the skin.]' and in 1395 they presented a petition to Parliament beards, the Latinized form of the German words for Bot.: A legume divided internally by dissepi. for the reform of the church. But on the accession long and beard. It has also been derived from Lat. ments, not dehiscing longitudinally, but either of the House of Lancaster, in 1399, a change for the longus, Ger. lang=long, and 0. H. Ger. barte, part remaining always closed as in Cathartocarpus worse took place. The clergy had assisted Henry =a battle-ax. Another etymology is from Low Ger. fistula, or separating into pieces at transverse conIV. to the throne, in return for which he followed bördera fertile plain on the banks of a river, the tractions along its length as in Ornithopus. Lindley their directions as to the Lollards, and the Act de name thus signifying dwellers on the banks (of the places it in his order Apocarpi. (Gærtner & Lind. hæretico comburendo was passed as 2 Henry IV., c. Elbe).)

ley.) Now generally limited to an indehiscent 15. The first Lollard martyr was William Sautre,

legume, separating spontaneously by a transverse who was burnt in London, Feb. 12, 1401. The second I. Ordinary Language:

articulation between each seed. was Thomas Badby, a mechanic in the diocese of 1. A native of Lombardy in Italy.

*lo-měn-tā'-çě-2, 8. pl. (Lat. loment(um); fem. Worcester, who was burnt in 1409 or 1410. Henry *2. A money-changer, money-lender, or banker; so pl. adi, suff. -aceo V., who carried out the ecclesiastical policy of his called from the profession being first followed in

Botany: father, became king in 1413. On Sept. 25 of the London by immigrants from Lombardy. The name

1. The name given by Linnæus to the fifty-sixth same year, Sir John Oldcastle (Lord Cobham), who is still kept up in Lombard Street in London, where

order of his Natural System. It contained Legumi. had edited the works of Wycliffe, was adjudged to a large number of banks and bankers have their

nous plants, with jointed pods, Cæsalpinies and be" a most pernicious and detestable heretic." In places of business. The three golden balls, the sign Mimosa Jan., 1414. a conspiracy of Lollards under the lead- of a pawnbroker, also preserve the name, these "2. A sub-order of Crucifer, having lomentaceona ership of Lord Cobham was alleged to have been being the arms of Lombardy. detected, and he was committed to the Tower of *3. A bank.

pods. London, but escaped into Wales. Being recapt. *4. A public institution for lending money to the lo-měn-tā'-çe-ods (or ceous as shůs), a. [Lat. ured, he was put to death by cruel torture in St. poor at low interest upon articles deposited in loment(um); Eng, adj. suff. -aceous.) Giles' Fields, London, on Dec. 25, 1418. (WYCLIFF pledge.

1. Ord. Lang.: Pertaining to or like a lom,ent. ITES.)

2. Bot: Having the kind of pericarp called a *II. Ordn.: A kind of cannon.

loment. Lol -lard-işm, 8. [Eng. Lollard; -ism.)

*lom'-bard-eër, subst. [Eng. lombard; -eer.] A lo-měn-tär -ě-æ, s. pl. (Mod. Lat. lomentar(ia); Theol. & Church Hist.: The tenets of the followers

Lat. fem. pl. adj. suff. -.) of John Wyclitfe. The views of Wycliffe under money-lender, a pawnbroker. went a process of development as his researches Lõm-bărd-ic, a. (Eng. Lombard; .ic.] Of or

Bot.: A sub-order of Ceramiaceæ. The frond is

cellular: the ceramidia have pear-sba ped granules and experience extended, and were by no means the pertaining to Lombardy or the Lombards. same at all periods of his life. In so far as they de

at the base of a cup-shaped envelope, finally burst.

Lombardic alphabet, 8. An alphabet derived ing by a pore; tetraspores scattered within the parted from Roman Catholicism, they approached,

; from the Roman, and used in the manuscripts of branches. "(Lindley.) and, in some cases, went beyond what subsequently

Italy. became the doctrine and discipline of Calvinism or

lo-měn-tär-1-a, s. (Lat. lomentarius=a dealer Puritanism, commingled with an antagonistic ele- Lombardic architecture, s. The style of archi- in lomentum (q. v.).] ment, Erastianism. Among the articles of his tecture that prevailed in Lombardy and part of Bot.: The typical genus of the Lomentareæ (q.v.). pronounced "heretical" by an assembly of ecclesi. Upper Italy, and which for a long time was recog. 1o-monite e LATMONTITEI astical notables, convened in London, in 1382, by nized as a distinct Lombard style, presenting Wm. Courtnay, Archbishop of Canterbury, were essential points of difference from the ther Later Min.: The same as LAUMONTITE (q.v.). these:

Romanesque styles. In the Lombard churches the lon-chid-ite, s. (Gr. longchidion=a small spear: 1. That the substance of material bread and wine type of Early Christian architecture was aban. Ger. lonchidit.) doth remain in the Sacrament of the Altar after conse- doned, and the vaulted basilica was introduced in Min.: A mineral which, judging from its analscration.

its stead, although this system was subjected to ses, would appear to be a mixture of marcasite and fāte, făt, färe, amidst, whāt, fall, father; wē, wět, hëre, camel, hêr, thêre; pine, pit, sîre, sir, marine; gó, pot,

Lolland Richard II. roish Precursorder (Lechler: podiaceard Fern. A

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