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two pairs of antennte, and two auditory sacs, and the sexes are invariably distinct. General color, dull, pale reddish-yellow, spotted with bluishblack; the spots coalescent on the upper parts. "Lobsters do not stray from their haunts; hence the discovery of a new station is a fortunate circumstance for the fisherman, and each situation is found to impress its pwn shade of color upon the shell." (Couch: Cornish Fauna.) [nephbops.]

2. Fig.: A ludicrous epithet of a British soldier, in reference to his scarlet coat.

"The women exclaim against lobsters"—T. Brown. Works, i. 78.

lobster-flower, *.

Botany: Poinciana pulcherrima, the Barbadoes Flower-fence, lobster-louse, s.

ZoOl.: Si cot hot astaci, an entomostracan parasitic on the lobster, lobster-moth, *.

Entom.: Stauropus fatty The name has reference to the grotesque shape of the caterpillar, in which the second and third pair of legs are much elongated. [staueopus.]

15b -u-lflx, a. [Eng. lobulfe); -ar.] Of the nature, character, or form of a lobule or small lobe.

lobular-emphysema, s.

Pathol.: Emphysema affecting one or more lobules in different parts of the lungs. There is also a pectoral lobular-emphysema. (Dr. Waters.)

lobular-pneumonia, *.

Pathol.: Pneumonia affecting one or more lobules of the lungs.

15b-u-late, i5b u-lat-ed, a. [Eng. lobai(e); •ated.] Consisting of lobules; having small lobular divisions.

16b ule,*. [Fr., from Low Lat. lobulus, dimin. of lobus=& lobe; Sp. & Ital. to6t*/o.] A small lobe. There are lobules of the cerebrum, of the ear, Ac.

% Lobule of the ear:

Anat.: The soft pendulous portion of the ear.

18b -u-lus, *. [Lat.] A lobule (q. v.).

16b -us, *. fLat.] A lobe (q. v.).

16b-worm, s. [Eng./o6,s., and worm.] The same as Li.gwobm (q. v.).

16-cal* "16-call. «. As. [Fr. local, from Latin loc(!/u=pertaining to a place, local, from locus=& place; Sp. & Port, local; Ital. locale.]

A. As adjective:

1. Of or pertaining to a particular place or spot. "The field of battle marks, if local tradition can be

trusted, the place where he fell."—Macaulay; Hist. Eng., cb. ziii.

2. Limited or confined to one particular placo or district.

3. Situated in a particular place; having place or position.

B. As substantive:

1. Ord. Lang.: An item or paragraph of news having reference to ono particular spot or locality.

2. Teleg.: The battery of a local circuit. The latter is one which includes only the apparatus in an office, and is closed by a relay.


Law: An action which must be brought in the particular country where the cause of action arises, local-affections,«. pi.

Mtd.: Diseases exerting, at least for the time, only local action. But if a local disease bo severe, it ultimately produces constitutional effects.

local-allegiance, s. The allegiance due from a foreigner or al ien so long as he continues within the sovereign's dominions and protection.

local-attraction, s.

Magnetism: Attraction exerted on a magnet by objecte in its immediate vicinity (as, for instance, by iron on board a ship), with the effect of deflecting it from its proper direction.


1. Literature: A special truthfulness of description, accurately portraying the idiosyncrasies of persons and distinctive natural features of the country in which the action takes place.

"There are some capital pictures of the times of landlord-shooting . . without anything Irish in character, dialogue, or local-color."Saturday Review, Nov. 22, 1864, p. 666.

.2. Art (pi.): Colors which are natural to a particular object iu a picture, and by which it is distinguished from other objects, local-courts,

Laic: Tribunalsof a limited and special jurisdiction: as the county courts. (Wharton.)


Legislation: The right of each locality of a State, such as each county, township, or city, to determine for itself whether or not some particular measure of legislation shall he enforced therein, applied more especially as to whether the liquor traffic shall be licensed and carried on.

"Fortunately it has been able to point to the remarkable success of the State aid and local-option law of New Jersey, and to commend it with certain modifications to the consideration of other States. That law proceeds upon the theory that while the country as a whole may be unwilling to embark in road building, those smaller communities which are themselves willing to contribute

fairly toward the improvement of their highwt*va may justly demand county and State aid in oarrying on »uch improvements."— Chicago Inter Ocean, Feb. 24, 1894.


Methodism: A lay preacher who carries on his ordinary business or profession, while devoting a portion of his time to preaching. Ho remains in the place where his business or profession lies, and does not go on circuit like the "traveling" preachers (q. v.), whose time is entirely devoted to their religious duties.

*local-problem, »•

Math.: A problom capable of an infinite number of solutions.

16-cale", 8. [ft. local—a locality.] A particular spot, place, or locality.

*' Lay the locale where you may." Barham: Ingoldsby Legends t Woman in Gray.

15 -cal-Ism, s. [Eng. local; -tsm.]

1. The quality or state of being local; affection for a place.

2. A local idiom or phrase; a mode of speaking or expression peculiar to a particular placo or locality.

"Some of the terms have become localisms"Fittedward Hall: Modern English, p. 208.

16 -cal-Ist, s. [Eng. local; -frf.]

Med. Hist.: One who holds fever to arise from some local inflammation or lesion, and not to be an essential, primary, or independent disease.

"In our opinion, both essentialists and localists have taken a much too limited view of the etiology of fever.*' —Cycl. ofPract. Med., ii. 163.

16-cal -I-tf, *15-cal -I-tiS, a. [Fr. locality, from focal=local (6. ▼.); *'" Sp. localidad.}

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I. Ordinary Language:

1. Existence in a place, or in a certain portion of space.

2. Limitation to a certain placo or locality; as, the locality of a trial.

8* Position, situation, place; geographical position or situation. 4. A spot, a place. II. Technically:

1. Phren.: The faculty of being able to recognize and remember the distinctive features of a place.

2. Scots Law: Tho adjustment or apportionment of the aggregate stipend to a minister from the teindsof a parish among the several heritors liable to pay it. The decree of the Teind Court modifying the stipend is called a decree of modification.

\ Locality of a widow:

Scots Law: The lands life rented by a widow under her contract of marriage.

lQ-oal-l-I&'-tlon, s. [Eng. localiz(e); -ation.] The act of localizing. 16 -cal-Ize, v. t. [Eng. local; -ize.]

1. To make local; to fix in or to assign to a particular placo or locality.

2. To ascertain or detect the exact place or locality of; as, to localize a fault in a telegraph cable.

16 -cal ly*. adv. [Eng. local; 4yA With respect to place; as regards place or position; in place or position.

16 -cate, v. f. & i. [Lat. local us, pa. par. of loco = to place; locus=a place.]

A. Transitive:

1. To set. place, or settle in a particular place or locality. (Frequently used reflexively.)

2. To settle or determine the place of; to determine on the position of; as, to locate a church.

3. To survey, determine, or settle the bounds of, as a tract of land.

B. Intrans.: To reside; to take up one1s abode; to live; to locate one's self.

16-ca'-te"r, *. [Eng. locate, and er.] One who locates, i. e., who records a claim to a mine, etc. (United States.)

16-ca -tion, s. [Lat. locatio, from locatus, pa.

Far. of loco=to placo; Fr. location; Sp. locacion; tal. locazione.]

I. Ordinary Language:

1. The act of locating, placing, or settling.

2. Situation or position; state with respect to place or position; locality.

"I confess I was not a little surprised at the location of' this flaming nuisance."—Observer, No. 68.

3. The marking out, settling, or determining the boundaries of, or identifying a particular place or locality according to the definition given in a map plan, entry, Sec.

4. A tract of land marked out or designated in place.

II. Law: A leasing or rent.
IT Contract of location:

Scots Law: That by which the use of nny movable subject is agreed to be given for hire, or by which a person gives his work or services on tho same condition.

15c-a-tlve, a.&s. [As if from a Lat. locativus% from locatus, pa. par. of loco=to place.]

A. As adj.: Denoting tho place where an event or action takes place.

B. Assubst.: A word which indicates tho place whore or wherein.

"In Sanscrit every substantive has its locative."— M. Mueller: Science of Language, i, 227.

locative-case, ».

Gram.: A case denoting locality, formerly existing in all Aryan languages. Traces of it aro still to be found in Greek and Latin.

16 -ca-t6r, s. [Lat.l

Scots Law: The hirer in a contract of location. 16-951 -iub, (pi. lo-cSl -II), «. [Lat. = a compartment in a locker or chest.] Botany:

1. Gen.: A secondary coll; a small cell.

2. Spec, (pi.): The peridia of certain fungala. [LocuLUS.J

I6ch (1) (ch guttural),s. [Gael. & Ir. loch; cogu. with Wei. llwch; Corn, to; Manx togh; Bret, touch; Lat. Jact**.] A lake, a sheet of fresh water, or bay or arm of the sea.

"They walked round the loch upon the ice."—Scottt Guy Mannering, ch. xxxii,

loch (2), s. [Port, looch, from Arab. la'ofc=an electuary, from la'aq = to lick.] A medicine or preparation to be taken by licking with the tongue; a lincture.

Loch a -b8r (ch guttural), s. [See def.] A district in Inverness-shire.

Lochaber-ax, s. The battlo-ax of the Highlanders. Axes of the description named, made with a long curved blade and mounted on a pole ending in a hook, wero formerly carried by tho Edinburgh City Guard.

loch age (age as s. [Gr. loshagos, from lochm = a. body or men, a troop, and agoto lead; Fr. lochague.]

Gr. antiq.: An officer who commanded a cohort; a body of men of uncertain number.

169110, *. [loach.]

15 chi a, 8. [Gr. lochia, neut. pi. of lochios= pertaining to childbirth, from lochos=& lyiug-in, childbirth; Fr. lochies.)

Med.: The evacuations from the womb and vagina which follow childbirth.

16-ChI'-al, a. [Eng. locht(a); -al.] Of or pertaining to the lochia.

lock (1), »loke, s. [A. S. loca (pi. locan); cogn. with I cel. loka = R lock, a latch, lofc=a cover, a lid; Sw. /ocfc=a lid; Ger. loch=a dungeon, a hole; A. S. lucan=to inclose: Icel. l&ka = to shut; M. H. Ger. luchen = U> shut; Goth, galukan = to shut; Ban. lukke; Dut. linken=to shut.]

I. Ordinary Language:

1. Literally:

(1) In tho same sense as II. 3.

"No gate so strong, no Incke so flrtne and fast, But with that percing noise flew open quite, or brast." Spenser- F. Q., I.viii. 4.

(2) A place shut or locked up; a lock-up, an inclosure.

"Sergesthus, eager with his beak to press
Betwixt the rival galley and the rock,
Shuts up the unwieldy Centaur in the lock."

Drvden: Virgil's AZneid, r. 265.

2. Figuratively:

(1) Afastoning together; the state of being locked or fastened together.

(2) A hug or grapple in wrestling.

"They must be practised in all the locks and gripes la wrestling."— Milton. On Education.

II. Technically:

1. Comm.: A fastening for the ends of a wooden hoop which incloses a bale or barrel.

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2. Firearm*: The flriug apparatus of usually consisting of a trigger, sear,' mainspring. [gun-lock.]

8. Hydraulic Engineering:

(1) An incloauro in a canal between gates, where boats aro raised and lowered. 11 consists of a basin between the levels, having a pair of gates at each end communicating with the respective levels.

(2) An embankment or structure confining the waters of a canal or race; a weir or guard-lock.

4. Locksmith.: A fastening having a bolt moved by a key, and serving to secure a door, lid, or other object. The variety, both in the form and nomenclature of locks, is very great.

5. Ordnance: A cotter or key, as the one which fastens the cap-square over the trunnion of a mounted cannon: a forelock.

ti. Plastering: The projection of the plaster or cemeut behind the latu, which keeps it from falling or scaling off.

7. Vehicle*:

(1} A contrivance for keeping a wheel from t urn

ing in descending a hill.

: The pond or space of water >f a canal-lock.

of bond stones.

. ) The swerving to the right or left of the fore carriago of a vehicle, deviating from the line of direction of the hind wheels and the trend of the carriago proper. It is called the haw or the gee lock respectively, according as it is to the left or the right of the driver.

lock-bay, *.

Hydraul. Engin. between the gates <

lock-bond, *.

Build.: A course
lock-chain, *.

Vehicles: A chain employed to lock the wheels by attaching a part of the rim to some non-rotating part of the vehicle; a skid-chain.

lock-chamber, *.

Hydraulic Engin.: That part of a canal-lock, between the gates, in which a boat rises or sinks to the level above or below.

lock-cramp, *. An implement used to restrain the spring in putting1 the parts of a gun-lock together.

lock-down, *. A contrivance used by lumberers for fastening logs together in rafting.

tlock-file, *. A slitting file, knife-shaped, for cutting out tho wards in the bit of a key.

lock-gate, *.

Hydraul. Engin.: A pair of closed doors at one end of a canal-lock, to confine tho water in the chamber. The gates at theendof the lock-chamber are respectively tho head-gates and the tail-gates.

lock-hatch, *.

Hydraul. Engin.: Tho sluice-board orsluling-gate in a sluiceway.

lock-hole, *. The recess in a musket-stock to receive the lock.

lock-hospital,«. A name very generally adopted in (ireat Britain to characterize a charitable institution for the treatment of venereal diseases.

lock-Jaw, *.

Pathol.: Tetanus, persistent, painful contractions or spasms of tho voluntary muscles, either idiopathic ort more frequently, traumatic. Five varieties are noted: Trismus, or lock-jaw, limited to the throat and lower jaw; tetanus, affecting the flexor and extensor muscles of the body in general; emprosthotonos, where the body is flexed forward; opisthotonos, backward, and pleurosthotonos, laterally or to one side only. Trismus is the commonest form, and then opisthotonos, accompanied by the risus sardonicu*, the body being arched and resting upon the occiput and heels. Treatment with calabar-beau or the hypodermic injection of curare has given good results in some cases, or chloroform iuhalatiou during tho paroxysms.

lock-keeper, s. A man employed to attend to a canal-lock.

lOCk-nail, s. One of the pins by which the parts of a Kun-lock aro secured to tho lock-i>late. In the old form of lock, they were the tumbler-pin, mainspring-screw, sear-pin, bridle-screw pin, hammernail, hammer-spring screw.

lock-nut, s. A supplementary nut screwed down upon a primary one, to prevent its shaking loose ; a jam-nut,check-nut, or piuching-nut.

lOCk-OUt, a. Tho discharge and keeping out of employment of artisans and laborers oy the employers.

"All Hides of the Agricultural Lock-out of 1874 are . consi'iouHof blunder* which they wish to avoid on any future occaeion."—London Timet.

lock-Out, v. t. To close the gates or doors of a factory, Ac, against, so as to put a stop to all work.


Hydraul. Engin.: A sluice for filling an empty lock-chamber.

lock-piece, s. In guns of old construction, a lug cast juat alongside of tho vent for the attachment of the lock.

lock-plate, *. That plate on which the parts of a gun-lock are fastened, and which is screwed to the stock.

lock-pulley, s.

Mach.: Two pulleys formed to rotate together or separately, at will. One of them slips on a spline, and has a pin which locks into a hole in the face of tho other pulley.

lock-rail, ■.

Carp.: Of a door-frame, the transverse piece which separates the main doorway from tho open space above it, which is usually occupied by a glazed sash; a transom.

lock-saw, *. A compass-saw used in cutting seats for locks in doors. It has a hue, taper, flexible blade.

lock-screw, *. The screw which fastens the gunlock to the stock, lock-sill, *.

Hydraul. Engineering: A piece of timber at the threshold of a canal-lock, with a chamfered edge, against which the gatos shut.

lock-spit, s.

Fort. & Engin.: A small trench opened with a spade or plow to mark out tho lines or course of any work.

lock-step, s.

Milit.: A mode of marching by a body of men arranged in as close filo as possible, in which the leg of each man moves at the same time, and follows close on the corresponding leg of the mau in front.

lock-stitch, 8. & a.

A. As 8uh*t.: A sewing-machine stitch in which tho lower thread is made to pass over the upper one, simply interlocking therewith. [stitch.]

B. As adj.: Forming its Btitchos by tho interlocking of two threads.

lock-tool, 8. A cramp used in putting the parts of a gun-lock together, lock-up, s. & a.

A. Assubst.: A place which can be secured by a lock; specif., a place where prisoners are temporarily confined.

"End in the lock-up."Hughes: Tom Brown at Oxford, eh. vi.

B. As adj.: Capable of being fastened by locking.

Lock-up safety-valve: A safety-valve which is Bo inclosed that weight cannot bo surreptitiously added to the lever.

lock-weir, s. A weir having a lock-chamber and gates.

I6ck (2), *lok, *lokke, s. [A. S. locc, toe; cogn. with Dut. lok = & lock, a tress; I cel. lokkr; Ban. lok: Sw. lock; O. H. Qer. loch; Ger. locke. Cf. Icel. lykkr=-& crook, a bend.]

I. Ordinary Language:

1. A tuft of hair or wool; a tress, a ringlet.

"Thus o'er Patroclus while the hero prayed,
On his cold hand the sacred lock he laid."

Pope: Homer's Iliad, xiiii. 191.

2. A tuft or small bunch of hay or other similar substance.

3. A small quantity of anything; a handful.

II. Scot* Law: The perquisite of a servant in a mill, consisting of a small quantity of meal, varying according to the custom of the mill.

lock, v. /. & i. [lock (1), s.]

A. Transitive:

1. To fasten with a lock and key.

"The ftpeuker was pulled out of his chair, the mace taken from the table, the room cleared, and the door locked"Macaulay: Hist. Eny., eh. i.

2. To shut or confine with, or as with, a lock; as, to lock a person in a room.

3. To close fast, to shut up, to seal; to render impassable; as, The frost locks up the rivers.

4. To entwine, tocloso fast; toshut fast together.

"She locks herlily finger*, one in one."

Shakfip,: Venus and Adonis, 228.

5. To embrace closely; to hug; as, to lock a person in one's arms.

6. To inclose; to shut up fast; as, to lock a secret in the breast.

7. To seize tightly.

"These in her left hand locked, her right untied
The bow, the quiver, and it« plumy pride."

Vopc: Homer's Iliad, xxi. 567.

'o put come with.

"Midst arms, and cars, and coursers stretch'd <rapin« In slumber lock'd and dranch'd in fumes of wine.*' Hoole: Orlando Funoto, Xtul

9. To furnish with locks, as a canal.

10. To turn tho fore wheels of a carriage to the right or left of tho hind wheels and the trend of tho carriage proper; as, to lock a coach.

B. Intransitive:

1. To become fast or fastened, as with a lock.

2. To unite by mutual insertion of parts. If 1. To lock up:

(1) To close or fasten with lock and key.

(2) To place or keep in a receptacle under lock and key.

"The roll of names was not published, but kept • fully locked up in Filton'»clo*et.'* — Macaulay: Hist. £V. ch. xii.

(3) To confine; to put in confinement.

(4) To invest money in some security or commodity, so that it cannot be readily realized; as, to lock up one's capital.

2. To lock up a form:

Print.: To fix or fasten the types in a metal frame with wedges, so as to be ready for the press.

3. Under lock and key: Locked up.

lock -age (age as l£), «. [Eng. lock (1); -ape.]

1. Tho works which form a lock ou a canal; materials for locks in u canal.

2. Tho amount of rise and fall made by the locks of a canal.

3. A toll paid for passing through the locks of a canal.

locked, pa. par. or a. [lock, r.] locked-Jaw, s. [lock-jaw.] lSck'-er, s. [Eng. lock; -er.]

1. One who locks up.

2. A close receptacle, with lock and key, Rich as a drawer, a small cupboard; specifically, a compartment in a ship for stowing away things. The chain-lockers are centered around the foot of the mainmast. Shot-lctckers are n-cesses and shelves for shot. Lockers in the cabin are for various article?, answering to closets, and may be fastened by a lock.

IT (1) Hoatsioain's locker:

Kaut.: A chest in which small stuff for rigging and tools are kept.

(2) Davy Jones1 locker: The ocean: espec., the ocean regarded as the grave of those who die at sea.

locker-up, Ono who locks up; specif., a turnkey, a jailer.

I5ck -St, s. [ft. loquet, dimin. of Old Fr. for= a lock (q. v.).]

I. Ordinary Language:

1. A small lock, a catch or fastening of a necklaco, &c.

2. A small gold or silver case, with a snapping cover, worn as an ornament, aud adapted to cootain hair or a miniature.

11. Arms: That partof a leathern sword-scabbard where the lock is fastened.

I5ck -fast, a. [Eng. lock, v., and fast.] Scots Law: Secured or fastened by a lock and key, as a door, a chest, &c.

LSck -1 an, a. [For etym. see def.] Belomrin? to, characteristic of, or in any way connected w.tb the teachings of John Locke (1632-1704). His principal work was tho Essay Concerning Human Understanding, in which ho sought to'ascertain the origin of human knowledge, in order to determine tho limit and measure of its objective truth.

"The Ijockian theory had been something of * compromise."— Wallace: Kant, p. 142.

lock ing, pr. par., a. & s. [lock, t».]

A. & B. As pr. par. dc particip. adj.: (See the verb.)

C. Assubst.: Tho act of fastening with a lock and


locking-forceps, s.

Surg.: A light forceps, whoso arms are automatically locked when closed ; used for various purpose*, such as for holding a spougo-tent in uterine operations, or for carrying lint.

locking-plate, s.

1. Hotel.; A count-wheel (q. v.).

2. Vehicle: A plate on a vehicle to take the wear of tho fore wheel when tho vehicle is turning short: a rub-plate.

Lock 1st , s. [See def.] A supporter or adherent of Locke, tho philosopher.

iSck -ISSB, a. [Eng. lock (1), s.; -less.] Destitute of a lock.

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"John Bull "—the first locomotive used on the Pennsylvania Railroad. 2. Modern first-class passenger locomotive (four driving wheels, high- and low-pressure cylinders), used by the Chicago, Burlington and Qulncy Railroad ; built at the Baldwin Locomotive Works, Philadelphia. 3. High-speed passenger locomotive, (two driving wheels, high- and low-pressure cylinders), used by the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad, New York Division.




lSclt -man, s. [Eng. lock (1), s., and man.] *1. An executioner: so called because one of his perquisites was a lock or ladleful of meal from every caskful exposed for sale in the market. (Ena.)

2. An officer in the Islo of Man, corresponding to an under-sheriff in England.

lock ram. [Fr. lockrenan, from Bret. lokronan =St. Ronan sCell, from I6k=& cell, and St. Renan in Bafwe Bretagne, where it is made.] A sort of coarse linen or hempen cloth.

"The kitchen malkln pins Her richest lock ram ubotit her reeky neck."

Shakesp.: Coriotanus, iL 1.

lock -rand. «. [lock (1),*.]

Arch.: A course of bond-stones; lock-band.

lock r6n, subst. [Etym. doubtful.] A kind of ranunculus.

lock smith, s. [Eng. lock (1), s., nnd smith.-] A mechanic whose occupation it is to mukeaud repair locks.

nbclL-f. adj. fEng. locfc (2), s.; -|/.] Full of or .laving locks or tufts. 16 -C6, adv. [Ital.]

Mujtic: In its proper place; a direction to return to the proper pitch after having played an octavo higher.

16 -c6, *. [Sp. /oco=mad, deranged (?).] An unidentified weed found iu the western United States.

"But the queerest tale of nil recorded is that with regard to the poisonous weed looo, eaten by hones. In the normal etate, it seems, a henttby horse refuses toco; but, if he once by accident acquires the tasto, it grown upon him exactly like opium-eating; he no longer herds with other horseM,but wanders about solitary'-like Hellerophon) in search of the enticing poison i his eye becomes dull and jrlaew-y, and at lost he dies of loco intoxication in a viiserable. stupid condition."— Vail Mull Gazette.

*16-c6-ces-slon (slon as shin},*. [Lat. loco= from a place, ablat. of /oruj = a place, ami cessio .i yielding; cedo= to yield.] The act of retiring from a place; a giving up or surrender of a place.

*16-c6-dfi scrip -tlve, a. [Lat. locus=a place, and Eng. descriptive (q. v.).] Descriptive of a particular place or locality.

16 c6-f 6 -c6, s. & a. [Lat. loco=in the place of, and ablat. of focus—a. Are.]

A. Asfubstantive:

1. A lucifer match, a self-lighting match.

2. A name formerly given to a faction of the Democratic party, because at a grand meeting in Tammany Hall, New York, in 1S1U, when the chairman left his-seat, and the lights wore suddenly extinguished, in the hope of breaking up the turbulent assembly, those who wero in favor of extreme measures instantly drew from their pockets their locofocos, relighted the lights, and continned the meeting to the accomplishment of their object.

B. A* adj.: Belonging to the locofocos; ultraradical; as, the locqfoco party.

16-c6-m6-tion, s. [Lat. /ort«=a place, nnd Eng. motion; Fr. locomotion; Sp. locomocion; ltal. locomozio-ne.]

1. The act or process of moving from placo to place.

"All other circumstances heingsupposed equal, the inns will be beet where the means of locomotion are worst."— Mtumulay: Hist. Eng., ch. ill.

*2. The power of paving or moving from placo to place; as, Plants have life but not locomotion.

16 -c6-m6-tlve, a. As. [Lat. locus—a place, and Eng. motive (q. v.); Fr. locomotif; ltal. & Sp. locomotivo.]

A. As adjective;

1. Moving or passing from place to place; having the power of moving or passing from place to place.

2. Having the power of producing locomotion or motion from place to place; as. a locomotive organ.

•3. Pertain ing or given to moving frequently from place to place; migratory.

B. As subst.: A movable steam-engine used for the traction of carriages or wagons on a railway; a wheeled carriage driven by steam.

% What in this country is known as a locoinotiveengine is called a steam-engine iu England, locomotive-boiler, a.

Steam-eng.: A boiler with numerous tubes connecting the fire-box with the smoke-box.

locomotive-chair, «. A wheeled chair for an invalid.

locomotive-furnace, s.

Steam-eng.: The fire-box of a locomotive.

locomotive-pump, «.

Steam-eng.: The feed-pump by which a locomotive-boiler is supplied with water. [injector. J

16-co-rn6'-tIve-ne'sB,s. [Eng. locomotive; -ness.] Tho same as Locomotivitv (q. v.).

lO-CO-mo-tlY'-I-ty*, *. [Eng. locomotiv(e); -ify.] The power of locomotion or of moving from place to place.

lo-oo-mo-tOT at-fcx-I-a, 16-c6 mS -tor ataz - f, *• [Lat. locus=a place, and motor=a mover; with Gr. afaxia=disorder.]

Pathol.: A peculiar form of apparent paralysis, with more or less wasting, but always unsteady and disorderly muscular movements, though muscular

fower is entire, and loss of coordinating movement, t is generally associated with degeneration of the posterior columns of the spinal cord and posterior roots of the spinal nerves. Sometimes known as Charcot's disease. According to Sir James Paget and Prof. Humphreyt it is probably a compound of two things, rheumatic gout and chronic rheumatic arthritis, not definitely so, but a method of rheumatic arthritis altered from its ordinary fashion by the intervention of the locomotor ataxy. Mr. Hutchinson considers it a sort of tumultuous old age, an old ago of premature senility of the nervous system, with loss of sensation, and considerable alteration in the heads of the bones.

f 16 cft-rSflt'-Ive, adj. [Lat. locus=a place, and Eng. restive, in the sense of being at rest.] Staying in one place, unwilling to stir from the place iu which one is.

"Your tocotrative and all your idle propensities of course have given way to the duties of providing for a family."— Corrcspondetice o/C. Lamb (1870j, p. 10.

ific -11-la-mSnt, *. [Lat. loculamentum = a case, a box, a receptacle.! Hot. (pi.): Partitions or cells of a Beod-vessel.

l5o'-Q-lar, a. [Lat. focufarts=kept in boxes.]

Botany: Divided into cells; having cells. Used specially of seed-vessels. A fruit having one coll is called unilocular; one having two, bilocular; three, trilocular, &c.

loc -u-late, a. [Lat. loculatus=furnished with compartments or divisions.]

Bot.: Tho samo as Locllae (q. v.).

loc-TJ-U-yld'-al, adj. [Lat. loculi, pi. of loculus (q. v.), and ccedo (in compos. ctdo) = to cut.]

Bot. (of dehiscence of fruit): Dehiscing, or splitting through the back of tho cells. In loculicidal dehiscence, tho dissepiments form the middle of each valve, as in tho lilac.

\6c -u-lOBe, a. [Lat. loculosus=full of compartments or colls. ]

Bot.: Partitioned (q. v.). It is novor applied to fruits, but to pith, &c.

l8c'-U-lUB (pi. lSc'-u-lI), s. [Latin = a little place, a small receptacle with compartments; a coffer or casket.]

1, Botany:

(1) PI.: (a) Tho two theca\ coniothecw, or parallel pollen cells, constituting the anther of a stamen, (b) Tho cells of an ovary, {c) The peridia of certain fungals. [locelltts.]

(2) Sing.: The perithecium of certain fungals.

2. Zool. (pi.): Chambers in the shells of Foraminifora, in Corals, &c.

15'-cum tfi -nSns, s. [Lat. = holding tho place (of); Joci«=a placo, and tenens, nr. par. of teneo— to hold.] A deputy or substitute holding a vacunt office for a time.

*l5c -U-pl$at-ly\ adv. [Latin locuples (genit. locupletis) = rich.] Richly.

16-cus (pi. 16 -cl), s. [Lat.=a place, a spot.]

Geom.: The locus of a point is tho lino generated by the point when moving according to some determinate law. The locus of a line is tho surface generated by a lino moving according to some fixed law. Thus, if a point moves in the same plane in such a manner that the sum of its distances from two fixed points of the plane is constant, the locus of tho point is an ellipse.

^1 1. Locus delicti:

Scots Law: The place where an offense is committed.

2. Locus posnitentia'.:

Law: Timo or opportunity for repentance before a probative writing is executed.

3. Locus sigilli (usually abbreviated L.S.): The placo where the seal, usually appended to a person's signature, is to bo affixed to a deed or public document.

4. Locus standi: The right of any person or persons to appear and be hoard on any matter before a particular tribunal.

16 cust, a. [Lat. locusta=a locust; Fr. loeuste; Ital. locusto.'} 1. Zoology:

1. Sing.: Any migratory species of tho Orthopterons family Acridiidee, specially CEdipoda migratoriay the Migratory Locust. An allied species, CE. cinerascens, is found in the southeast or

Europe. The females excavate holes in the earth*

and deposit their eggs in a long mass enveloped iu a glutinous secretion. The larvae commence their destructive career almost as soon as they are hatched. The migrations of locusts are probably in search of food, and extraordinary accounts are on record of the vast swarms that from time to time invade particular districts. They clear everything off the surface of the ground, and have on several occasions caused disastrous famines. Their range in the Old World stretches from Spain and the south of Franco, through Russia to China; south of this boundary line they are equally destructive. Tho Rocky Mountain Locust is Caloptenus sptetus. There seems to be no special periodicity in tho appearance of swarms of locusts, but in this country keen observers have noted that the years in which such visitations take place are nearly multiples of eleven. Locusts are by preference vegetable-feeders; but they will attack dry animal substances, and even become cannibals when other food fails. Next to man, their chief enemies are insectivorous birds, parasitic beetles of the family Cantharida?, and dipterous flies of the family Bombyliida?. 2. Plural:

t (1) A rendering of the name Locustiche, applied to a family which does not contain the genuine

LoCUStS. []

(2) The family Acridiid®, to which the true Locusts belong. II. Scripture:

(1) Arbeh, a word which occurs about twenty times in the Hobrew Bible. It is from rabhah= to bo numerous; and is probably CEdipoda migratoria. fl. 1.] It was allowed to be eaten (Lev. xi. 22.). Its ravages are graphically described in Jool ii.

(2) Chhaghab (2 Chron. vii. 13) is probably another species of locust smaller than the first.

;i) Tselatsal (Deut. xxviii. 42), not identified.
4) [bald Locust.]
locust-berry, s.
Bot.: Malpighia coriacea.

Ornithology: Gryllivora, a genus of Saxicolinto.


locust-shrimp, s.

Zo6l.: Squilla mantis. Nicholson considers this crustacean a good example of the order Stomapoda (q. v.). Tho carapace is small, and does not cover tho posterior half of the thorax. Several of the anterior appendages are developed into powerfully prehensile and hooked feet. The branchieo are attached to tho first five pairs of abdominal foot. Tho three posterior thoracic and the abdominal appendages are in the form of swimmerets, and the tail is expanded into a powerful tin.

locust-tree, a.

1. Robinia pseudacacia, or Pseudo-acacia. The wood is hard and durable.

2. Ceratonia siliqua. [carob.] It is called the Locust-tree because it is by some supposed to have' been tho food of John tho Baptist in the wilderness (Matt. iii. 4). Henco it is called also St. John's Bread.

3. (In the West Indies): (1) Hymencea courbaril% and the genus Hymensea (q. v.); (2) Byrsonima coriacea and B. cinerea.

r\ The Bastard Locust-treo is Clethra tinifolxa; tho Honoy Locnst-treo, Gleditschia triacanthos; the Swamp or Water Locust-tree, Q.monosperrna*

16 CUB -ta, s. [Lat.=a locust.]

I. Entomology;

1. Formerly; According to LinnoTUS. a sub-genus of tho genus Gryllus. Type, Locust a migratoria, the Migratory Locust, [locustid-e.]

2. Now: A genus of which Locusta viridissima, the Great Green Grasshopper, is the typo. [locusTide.]

II. i?of..* The spikelet of tho inflorescence of grasses. [spikelet.]

16 cus-telle , 16-cus-t8l-la, s. [From Latin locustellay dimin. of locusta. So named because the species feed on Grasshoppers, &c]

Ornith.: A name given to somo Warblers of the genus Salicaria. Thus Salicaria luscinoidea is called the Willow Locustella, and tho scientific name of the Grasshopper Warbler is S. locustella.

16-CUB-tlo, *lft-ctts'-tlc-al, a. [Eng. locust; •4c, -icai.J Of or pertaining to locusts; locust-like.

16-CuS-tI-da, *. pU [Lat. locust(a); tern. pi. adj. suff. -idee.]

Entom.: A family of Orthoptora, tribe Saltatorla. The term Locustida? ought to have been the scientific designation of the family whose type is the Migratory Locust, placed in the sub-genus Locusta by Linnssus, with which should have been included its close allies, tho small so-called grasshoppers, which sometimes leap forth when one crosses fields

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