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B. Transitive:

live-11-1ğ, adv. (Eng. lively; -ly.) In a lively, liv-or (2), 8. [A. S. lifer; Icel. lifur; Sw. lefver: 1. To pass, to spend, to continue in. cheerful manner.

Dan. & Dut. lever; Ger. leber; M. H. Ger. lebere;

0. H. Ger. lebara.) "I wish'd that thou shouldst live the life they lived." live-11-něss, s. (Eng. lively; -ness.]

Wordsworth: Michael.
1. An appearance of life.

1. Human: The largest gland in the body, weigh2. To act habitually in conformity to; to conform “That liveliness which the freedom of the pencil makes ing about four pounds, and measuring in its great to; to practice.

appear, may seem the living hand of nature."-Dryden: est length nearly twelve inches. It is placed To live down : Dufresnoy; Art of Painting.

obliquely in the abdomen, on the right side, with 1. To live so as to prove false by one's life or conduct; to give the lie to; as, to live down a slander. pr

its convex surface upward, and the concave dowp2. The quality or state of being lively; anima.

ward. It is in relation as to its position with the 2. To obliterate the remembrance of. tion, spirit, vivacity, sprightliness; briskness.

diaphragm above, thestomach andintestines below. "And the perspicuity and liveliness with which he ex- and the right kidney, sometimes extending almost live, a. (A shortened form of alive (q. v.).] plained his views."-Macaulay: Hist. Eng., ch. iv.

over to the spleen on the left side. It corresponds I. Ordinary Language:

*live-lode, s. (LIVELIHOOD (1).]

by its free edge with the lower margin of the ribs. 1. Alive, living, quick; not dead; having life;

It is divided by fissures into five lobes, two on the having the organic functions in operation.

live-long, a. & 8. [Eng. live, for life, and long.]

upper surface, right and left lobes, and with them "When he hath made an end of reconciling the holy A. As adjective:

three minor lobes on the under surface. The liver place, and the tabernacle of the congregation, and the 1. Long-lasting, durable, permanent.

consists of lobules, a connecting structure, Glisson's altar, he shall bring the live goat."-Lev. xvi. 20.

capsule, ramifications of the portal vein, hepatic

“Thou, in our wonder and astonishment, 2. Burning, ignited; containing fire; not extin

duct, hepatic artery and veins, lymphatics, and

Hast built thyself a livelong monument." guished,

Milton: On Shakespeare,

nerves, and is inclosed and kept in situ by the peri

toneum. The functions of the liver are twofold: “Then flew one of the seraphims unto me, having a 2. Throughout its whole duration or length; the The separation of impurities from the venous blood live coal in his hand."-Isaiah vi. 6. whole.

of the chylo-poietic viscera previously to its return 3. Vivid, as color.

“To it the livelong night there sings

to the general venous circulation, and the secretion II. Engin., Mach., &c.: Under pressure, or im

A bird unseen."

of bile, the fluid necessary to chylification; thence parting power, as steam; or motion, as the spindle

Byron: Bride of Abydos, ii, 28. it passes into the duodenum and the gall bladder of a lathe.

B. As substantive:

by means of the ducts of the liver, after mingling

with the mucous secretion from the follicles in the live-axle, s. One communicating power, as dis- Bot.: Sedum telephium. Called also Live for

duct walls. tinguished from a dead or blind axle.

2. Compar.: In the lower animals there is apparlive-box, 8. A cell in which living microscopic live-1, *11fe-ly*lyve-ly, *liyf-ly, a. & adv. ently no liver; in those somewhat higher the rudiobjects are confined for observation. It has a [Eng. live=life; -ly.]

ments of it appear, and it develops markedly the tubular piece with a glass top, upon which slips an

higher we ascend in the scale of animal life. Thus, upper ring having likewise a glass top. The object A. As adjective:

in the Echinodermata it bas been identified with is confined between the glasses. [LIVE-TRAP.] 1. Like life; living.

two or more small glandular sacs of a yellowish live-feathers, 8. pl. Feathers which have been “Had I but seen thy picture in this plight,

color opening into the bottom of the stomach. The plucked from a fowl while alive, and therefore

It would have maddened me. What shall I do liver in Mollusks is always large. In the Cephalo

poda it is a bulky gland divided into fourlobes, and

Now I behold thy lively body so." stronger and more elastic than those from a dead bird.

Shakesp.: Titus Andronicus, iii. 1. these are again subdivided into numerous angular

lobules. 2. Life-like; resembling or representing life. live-gang, s.

In the Vertebrates it yet more nearly "It tutors nature: artificial strife

approaches the liver of man. In many fishes, the Sawing : A gang-saw mill, so arranged as to cut

Lives in these touches, livelier than life."

cells of the liver are loaded with fat, that which is through and through the logs without previous

Shakesp.: Timon of Athens, i. 1.

a morbid state of the organ with man being normal slabbing. The bark and wany edge are afterward

with them, removed from each board by a double edger. The

3. Vivid, life-like, animated.

[ Diseases of the liver: lumber goes to market of the full width.

"Since a true knowledge of nature gives us pleasure, a Pathol.: Hepatitis, or inflammation of the liver, live-hair. 8. Hair cut or taken from a living lively imitation of it in poetry or painting must produce is the commonest form, and is either simple or me.

& much greater."-Dryden: Dufresnoy. animal

lignant, the latter being known as acute yellow live-head, s.

4. Vigorous, lively; being generally attended by atrophy; a third form, common to tropical counrapid motion; brisk, active, sprightly.

tries, is known as suppurative hepatitis, ending in Lathe : The head-stock of a lathe, which contains

abcess and suppuration, Cirrhosis, hob-nailed or

"For they are lively, and are delivered ere the midthe live-spindle.

gin-drinker's liver, is also a frequent form of disease. wives come in unto them."--Exodus i. 17. live-hole, 8. A receptacle for fuel in a clamp of

often accompanied with jaundice. Lardaceous. bricks.

5. Gay, animated, spirited, vivacious, airy.

waxy, or amyloid disease of the liver sometimes “The clamp is lighted by means of a number of

“His polished manners and lively conversation were occurs. receptacles for fuel contrived in the outer walls, called the delight of aristocratical societies." - Macaulay: Hist.

liver-color, 8. & a. live-holes."-Cassell's Technical Educator, pt. xii., p. 347. Eng. ch. xviii.

A. As subst.: The color of the liver; a reddish. live-oak, 8. 6. Strong, keen, earnest.

brown, or dull brown mingled with a little yellow. Bot.: Quercus virens. It has elliptic-oblong,

“That which is immediately before the senses, im- B. As adj.: Liver-colored. coriaceous leaves. It grows in our Southern States, pres, presses us always with the most lively conviction."

liver-colored, a. Of the color of the liver; as, a and is the most valuable of the American oaks for Beddoes: Obs. on Math. Evidence.

liver-colored dog. shipbuilding, the wood being heavy, compact, and 7. Fresh, vivid; as color.

liver-complaint, s. Disease of the liver. fine-grained. Its specific gravity is greater than "I found, to my amazement, that they began to return,

oment, that they began to return, liver-fluke, s. that of water. and by little and little to become as lively and vivid as

Zool.: Distoma hepaticum, or Fasciola hepatica, live-salesman. 8. A person whose occupation is when I had newly looked upon the sun."-Brewster: Nat.

a flat trematode helminth, about an inch in length to sell live-stock. ural Nagio, let. ii., p. 24.

by half an inch in breadth, found in the gall bladlive-spindle, s.

B. As adverb:

der and the biliary ducts of sheep when they are Lathe : The rotating effective spindle in the head. *1. With strong resemblance to life.

fed on wet pasture. The parasite produces the disstock of a lathe.

"Such spirits as can most lively resemble Alexander ease called rot (q. V.). Besides being parasitic in live-steam, s. and his paramour shall appear."-Marlowe; Doctor sheep, D. hepaticum occurs also in the horse, ass,

ox, and deer; and in some rare cases it has been

. Steam-engineer.: Steam taken directly from the Faustus, iv. 3.

found in the human body. boiler.

2. Briskly, actively, vigorously.

liver-leaf, s. live-stock. s. The animals kept on a farm for "They brought their men to the slough, who dischargbreeding, fattening, or other purposes, as horses, ing lively almost close to the face of the enemy. did much bot.Hepatica. cattle, sheep, &c. amaze them."-Hayward.

liver of antimony, s. A sulphuret of antimony live-trap, s. A device for imprisoning living mis | Liveliness is the property of childhood, youth, and potassa. croscopic objects. It consists of three parallel glass and even mature age; sprightliness is the peculiarliver of sulphur, 8. Fused sulphuret of potassa. slips; the middle one has a circular perforation property of youth; vivacity is a quality compatible

liver-opal, 8. forming the cell, while the other constitute the with the sobriety of years. The imagination, the

Min.: The same as MENILITE (q. v.). wit, the conception, the representation, and the sides. (LIVE-BOX.)

liver-ore, s. (HEPATIC-CINNABAR.) like, are lively, the air, the manner, the look, the *live, s. (LIVE, r.) Life. tune, the dance, are sprightly, the conversation,

liver-pyrites, s. pl. [MARCASITE.] "She was a worthy woman all hire live."

the turn of mind, the society, are vivacious, the Chaucer: C. T., 461.

liver-spots, 8. pl. muse, the pen, the imagination, are sportive; the 1 *On live, *On lyve : Alive. meeting, thelaugh, the song, the conceit, are merry;

Pathol.: A popular name for a skin disease, Pity*live-a-ble, a. (Eng. live, v.; -able.) Fit or the train, the dance, are jocund.

riasis versicolor. [PITYRIASIS.) possible to be lived in.

liv-ēr (1), s. (Eng. live, v.; -er.]

liv -ēr (3), s. (For etym, see def.) A fabulous

bird, supposed to have given its name to Liverpool, lived, a. [English lir(e); ed.] Having a life; 1.' One who lives ; one who has life.

and to be still commemorated in the used in composition only, as short-lived, long-lived. “In a great pool, a swan's nest: Prithee, think arms of that town. “It has been *live-lèss, a. (Eng. live; -less.] Without life;

There's livers out of Britain."

variously called a dove, a shoveler lifeless.

Shakesp.: Cymbeline, iii. 4. duck, an eagle, and a hypothetical live-11-hood (1), *live-lode, lif-lode, *lyf- 2. One who resides or dwells; a resident, a dweller.

bird, the liver, to which the name of

the town has been traditionally as. lode, *lyve-lode, *lif-lade, s. (Livelihood is a

“Why was not I a liver in the woods, corrupt. of lirelode, or liftade, from A. S. lif=life,

cribed. ... In deriving the name Or citizen of Thetis' crystal floods."

of a town from an imaginary bird, and lád=a leading, a way, a course. [LODE.

Drummond: Sonnets, pt. i., son. 26.

which was unknown long after the Means of subsistence or maintaining life; the sup- 3. One who lives or spends his life in a particular town had a common seal, we have a port or maintenance of life; means of living; sub

Liver. manner.

remarkable instance of putting the sistence.

"A virtuous household though exceeding poor,

cart before the horse." Attempts have also been *live-11-hood (2), 8. (Eng. lively; -hood.) Live- Pure livers were they all, austere and grave.".

made to identify the liver with the Cormorant or liness, cheerfulness, animation, spirit,

Wordsworth: Ercursion, bk. il. the Glossy Ibis. fāte, făt, färe, amidst, whãtfàll, father; wē, wět, hëre, camel, bēr, thêre; pine, pit, sire, sir, marine; go, pot,

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Uvered, a. (Eng. liver (2); -ed.) Having a lIV-Id, a. [Fr. livide, from Lat. lividus, from lix-Iv-1-ā-tion, s. (Fr., from Lat. lixivium.] liver: used in composition as white-livered, lily liveo=to be bluish; Sp. & Ital. livido.] Of a leaden The process of separating a soluble from an insolu. livered, &c.

color, black and blue; discolored, as the flesh by a ble material by a washing or filtering action ; leachliv -ēr-log, 8. (Eng. liver (2);-ing.] A kind of blow; clouded with grayish, brownish, and blackish. ing. Lixiviation removes a soluble material, which pudding or sausage made of liver or hog's fiesh. 18-vid-Y-t. s.

11-vid-1-tý, 8. (Fr. lividité, from livide=livid
Fr. lividite from livide=livid is the valuable portion, as in discharging a certain

amount of syrup from a bone-black filter, by pass"llvēr-ěr, 8. [Eng. liver(y); -er.) A servant (q. v.).) The quality or state of being livid. in livery.

ing water through it. The leaching of ashes is a

llv-id-něss, s. [Eng. livid; -ness.] The same familiar instance of lixiviation. liv -ēr-grown, a. (English liver, and grown.] as LIVIDITY (q. v.). Having a large liver.

lix-Iv-1-oŭs, a. [Fr. lixivieux, from Lat. lixivliv -ēr-ied, a. (Eng. livery; -ed.] Wearing or

IIv-ing, pr. par., a. & 8. (LIVE, v.]

ium.] The same as LIXIVIAL (q. v.). dressed in a livery.

A. As pr. par.: (See the verb.)

lix-Iv-1-ŭm, 8. (Latin, from lix=wood-ashes, LIV -ēr-stone, 8. (Eng. liver (2), and stone.]

B. As adjective:

lye.] Water impregnated with alkaline salts ex1. Alive, having life; live, not dead.

tracted from wood-ashes. Min.: The same as HEPATITE (q. v.). liv-ēr-wort, 8. [Eng. liver (2), and wort; the motion, not still.

2. Having the appearance of animation or life; in liz'-ard, *les-arde, *lus-arde, *l1c-erte, *lyz

ard, s. [O. Fr. lesard (Fr. lézard), from Latin Dame derives its significance from the appearance3. In a state of combustion ; burning.

lacertara lizard; Spanish & Port. lagarto; Italian of the plants.)

“Then on the living coal red wine they pour." Botany:

lacerta.] 1. Sing.: Marchantia polymorpha.

Dryden. (Todd.)

1. Zoology: 2. Pl.: The order Marchantiacex

(1) Sing.: The popular name for any member of 4. Producing life, animation, action, or vigor.

the Lacertidæ, the family of Lacertilia, which con(1) Ground liverwort:

“Hath love in thy old blood no living fire?" tains the typical Lizards, having four well-deBot.: Peltidea canina.

Shakesp.: Richard II., i. 2.

veloped limbs, each terminated by five toes of (2) Noble liverwort:

C. As substantive:

unequal length. [LACERTA.]. Pharm.: The name for Iceland Moss (Cetraria

(2) Pl.: The family Lacertidæ (q islandica.)

1. The state of being alive; life, existence.

wider sense, the order Lacertilia. liv -ēr-ý*livere, s. [Fr. livrée=a delivery of

To spend her living in eternal love."

2. Palæont.: (LACERTILIA, MOSOSAURIA, PROTOthat which is given, that which is given ; prop. the

Shakesp.: Complaint of a Lover, 238.

SAURIA, &c.). fem. of the pa. par. of livrer=to deliver, to give;

2. Means of subsistence; livelihood, sustenance. 3. Agric.: A crotch of timber or a forked limb, Low Lat. libero-to give freely: Lat. libero-to "Get your living by reckoning."-Shakesp.: Love's used as a sled to support a stone being hauled off a liberate; liber=free; Ital. livrea, Sp. librea.) Labor's Lost, v. 2.

field: a stone boat. 1. Ordinary Language: 3. The power of continuing life.

4. Nautical: 4. The benefice of a clergyman; the curo of souls.

.(1) A piece of rope having on, or more legs with 1. In the same sense as II.

thimbles, acting as fair-leacars or for other pur *2. Release or custody; deliverance..

“Mrs. Bull told her husband that they would join to

poses, 3. That which is given; an allowance of food at have him turned out of his living for using personal"

(2) [TOP-GALLANT LIZARD). a certain rate: a ration, an allowance, as for a reflections."- Arbuthnot: Hist. of John Bull. family, servants, horses, &c.

5. Manner of life.

lizard-seeker, 8. 4. The state of being kept at a certain rate and 6. Property, possessions.

Ornith.: Saurothera, a gapu sof Cuculidæ. regularly fed and attended to; as, to keep horses at lirery.

lizard-shaped, a. Formed like or resembling > "Where my life and living lies."


Shakesp.: Winter's Tale, iv. 8. 5. The badge or uniform clothing given by

Lizard-shaped amphibia: wealthy persons and others to their retainers when liv'-låg-ly, adv. [Eng. living; -ly.] In a living

Zool.: The sub-order Salamandrina (q. v.). in military service, and hence, sometimes, a division state. of an army was distinguished from another division "In vain do they scruple to approach the dead, who

lizard-tailed, a. Having a tail like a lizard. by such badge or uniform.

livingly are cadaverous, or fear any outward pollution." Lizard-tailed birds : 6. The particular dress or uniform worn by the Browne: Vulgar Errors.

Ornith. : [SAURURÆ). servants of a nobleman or gentleman.

liv-Ing-něss, s. (Eng. living; -ness.] The qual. lizard's-herb, s. 7. The peculiar dress adopted by any class ority or state of being living; quickness, animation, association; as, the livery of a charity-school, of a spirit, briskness.

Bot.: Goniophlebium trilobum. priest, &c. prietatehole body or association wearing or en

lizard's-tail, s. 8. The whole body or association wearing or en- liv-ing-ston-ite, 8. [Named after the great African traveler, Livingstone; suu: me and colum

Bot.: The genus Saururus (q. v.). titled to wear such a garb; as, the Livery of the African traveler, Livingstone; suff. -ite (Min.).]

Min.: A mineral occurring in prisms and colum

lizard's-tongue, 8. City of London, that is, freemen of the city. (LIVERYMAN.)

nar groups resembling, and apparently isomorphousBot.: The genus Sauroglossum (a. y.).
9. Any characteristic dress, garb, or appearance. with, stibnite (q. v.). Hardness, 2; specific gravity,
10. Outward appearance; aspect.
4.81; color, bright lead-gray; streak, red. Composi

Liz-ard (2), s. (See def.]
The beauteous livery that he wore."

Geog.: A bold headland in Cornwall, England,
tion: A sulphide of antimony and mercury. Found
Shakesp.: Venus and Adonis, 1,107.
at Guadalcazar, Mexico.

twenty-three miles E. S. E. of Land's End. II. Law:

*liv -Ish, *liv-isshe, a. [English liv(e): -ish.] Lizard-stone, 8. 1. The act of giving possession of property;chiefly Living, alive. (Gower: C. A., vii.)

Petrol, & Comm.: A kind of serpentine found used in the phrase livery of seisin, that is, the liv-1-sto-ni-a, 8. [Named from an estate near ne

par near the Lizard Point, in Cornwall, England. It is giving a person corporeal possession of a tenement Edinburgh, belonging to Patrick Murray.)

used for chimney-pieces, &c. (Simmonds.) orland, by delivery to him in the first case, the latch, Bot.: A genus of Palms, family Sabalidæ. Livi. lla'-ma(or lya'-ma), la'-ma, 8. (The Peruvian key, or ring of the door; in the second, a turf or stonia inermis and L. humilis are from Australia, name.) twig. (FEOFFMENT.) (Eng.)

where Palms are rare. The leaves of L.jenkinsiana, Zool.: Auchenia glama, or Lama peruavina. An "This livery of seisin is no other than the pure feodal an Assam species, are used for making hats and for even-toed ungulate of the family Camelidæ. investiture, or delivery of corporeal possession of the land thatching houses.

Habitat, the southern parts of Peru. It is larger er tenement, which was held absolutely necessary to com.

than the guanaco, of which Burmeister considers plete the donation."- Blackstone: Comment., bk. ii., ch. 20. LI-vo-ni-an, a. & 8. [See def.)

it to be a de2. The writ by which possession of land or a tene- A. As adj.: Of or pertaining to Livonia ; Lettish.

scendant; usument is given.

B. As substantive:

ally white, livery-coat, s. A coat worn by a servant in

sometimes worn by a servant in 1. An inhabitant or native of Livonia. livery.

2. The language spoken by the inhabitants of spotted with

brown or livery-man, s. A person who keeps a livery Livonia.

black and stable.

*l1'-vor, 8. (Lat.) Malignity, malice.

sometimes en. livery-nag, 8. A horse kept at livery; a horse 11-vrăi'-son, s. (Fr., from livrer=to deliver.1 A

Fr. from livrereto deliver a tirely black. let out for hire.


In size it is part of a book or other literary composition printed livery-office, 8. An office appointed for the and delivered before the work is completed.

smaller, and delivery of lands. (Eng.)

in general form

livre, s. [Fr., from Lat. libra=a pound.) An lighter than livery-servant, subst. A servant who wears a

old French money of account, now superseded by the camels, ivery. the franc, to which it was about equal in value.

standing about livery-stable, 8. A stable where horses are kept

three feet at

lix-Iv-1-al, a. (Lat. lixivius, from at livery, or are let out for hire.

lixivium, th

m, the shoulder;

from lix=wood-ashes; Fr. lixiviel; Sp. lexivial.] *livery-table, 8. A side-table or cupboard.

no dorsal 1. Obtained by lixiviation (q. v.).

hump. Feet IIvēr-7, v. t. (LIVERY, 8.] To dress or clothe 2. Impregnated with alkaline salt extracted from

narrow, toes in, or as in livery. wood-ashes.

widely separ3. Containing or consisting of alkaline salt ex- ated, each with

Llama. IV -ēr-, a. (Eng. liver (2); •y.] Like or re

o tracted from wood-ashes. sembling the liver.

Join a distinct pad; hairy covering long and woolly, 4. Having the qualities or properties of alkaline

qualities or properties of alkaline The earliest account of this animal is that of Do Ily-er-ğ-man, s. [Eng. livery, s., and man.] salts extracted from wood-ashes.

Zarate, treasurer-general of Peru, in 1544, who calls 1. One who wears a livery.

5. Of the color of lye; resembling lye.

it the "sheep of Peru," but notices its general 2. Spec.: A freeman of the City of London, who, lix-IV-I-ate, lIx-Iv-Y-at-ěd, a. (Lat. lixivium.] resemblance to the camel. The Mama is only having paid certain fees, is entitled to wear the dis 1. Of or pertaining to lye; having the qualities of a heast of burden. but since the introduction of

known in a domesticated state. It is still used as tinguishing dress or livery of the company to which alkaline salts. be belongs, and to vote in the election of Lord

2. Impregnated with salts extracted from wood. horses, mules, and asses, its importance in that Mayor, sheriffs, chamberlain, &c.

respect has greatly diminished. ashes; obtained by lixiviation.

2. Palæont.: Remains of llamas have been found liveş-man, s. (Eng. lives, adv., and man.) A

lIx-iv-1-åte, v. t. (LIXIVIATE, a.] To treat by in the Pleistocene deposits of the Rocky Mountains live or living man.

the process of lixiviation; to form into lye; to im- and in Central America. Gradualcbanges have been live-tide, s. (Eng. live, v., and tide.) Fortune, pregnate with alkaline salts extracted from wood. traced from the differentiated species now existing property. ashes.

down through the Pliocene to the early Miocene. boll, boy; pout, Jowl; cat, çell, chorus, çhin, bench; go, gem; thin, this; sin, aş; expect, Xenophon, exist. ph = f.

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Prof. Flower, remarking on the fact that none of statute, to incur greater pecuniary liabilities than load water-line. 8. these annectant forms have been found in the fos- they are authorized to do under their borrowing Naut.: The line of flotation of a ship when she has siliferous strata of the Old World, says: "It may powers. It consists of an acknowledgment of debt her full cargo on board. fairly be surmised ... that America was the under the company's seal, with a promise to pay at

lõad (2), s. (LODE.] original home of the Tylopoda, and that the camels a certain date, and bears a certain rate of interest. passed over into the Old World, probably by way of (Eng.)

load, *lode, v. t. [A. S. hladan=to lade, to load; the north of Asia, where we have every reason to 2. A form of agreement authorized by the Com-'cogn. with Dut. laden=to lade, to load; Icel. believe there was formerly a free way of communi. mittee of Lloyd's. It differs from a policy, inas- hladha; Dan. lade; Sw. ladda; Goth. hlathan; Ger. cation between the continents.'

much as a policy is issued before a ship sails, and be-laden: 0. H. Ger. hladan. Load and lade are llăn-, pref. Wel.=an inclosure, a church.) A contains a promise contingenton certain eventuali. doublets.) common prefix in place-names in Wales; as, Llan

as Llan. ties. But a Lloyd's Bond supposes a ship to have I. Literally: gollen, Llandudno, &c.

returned, and to have already suffered damage;
and the object of the bond is to protect shipowners

1. To place or set a load upon or in; to charge Llăn-bēr’-Is,'s. (Wel.) from losses, as specified in the bond. (Eng.)

with a load; to supply with a load or cargo. Geog.: A place in Carnarvonshire, Wales.

Lloyd's-list, 8. A newspaper published daily in “I strive all in vaine to lode the cart when it raineth." Llanberis-slates, s. pl.

-Gascoigne: To Lord Gray of Wilton. London, containing the latest information on shipGeol. : Slates with associated sandy beds, the ping matters.

2. To weigh down; to be a burden, load, or weight two together sometimes 3,000 feet thick, found at Lloyd's-register, s. A register of ships, of all upou;

upon; to oppress. Llanberis and Penrhyn, in Carnarvonshire, Wales. nations, published annually. It contains the names

"Its ebb he measured by a book, They are arranged in the Longmynd group of Cam

Whose iron volume loaded his huge hand." of all ships, arranged alphabetically, and classed brian rocks. Fossils, two species of Oldbamia,

Scott: Vision of Don Roderick, vv. according to their qualifications, as A1, &c., such have been found. class being determined by the report of surveyors

3. To encumber; to bestow or provide for in great Llăn-dei-lo, subst. [Wel. Llandeilo Vawr or and the construction, materials, and state of repair abundance. Faur.] of the vessels.

" The army which beseiged it (consisting of Catti Geog.: A market-town and parish of South Wales, lo, interi. [A. S. lá.] An exclamation to direct vs

Vsipij and Matiaci) was alreadie departed away loaden fourteen miles E. N. E. of Carmarthen.

with spoiles."-Savile: Tacitus; Hist., p. 158. attention; see! behold! observe! Llandeilo-flags, 8. pl.

4. To make heavy. lõach, löche, 8. (Fr. loche. ) Geol. : Dark-colored micaceous flags, found in the Whih


“In autumn, Jove his fury pours, Lower Silurian formations of Great Britain, fre

And earth is loaden with incessant showers." 1. Sing. : Cobitis barbatula, the Common Loach, quently calcareous, resting on a great thickness of

Pope: Homer's Niad, xvi. 476. Loche, or Beardie, a malacopterygious fish of the6. To make heavy by something added or apshales, generally of a black color below them, and

family Acanthopsidæ. It is found all over Europe, these again on black carbonaceous shale of great

pended; as, to load a ship. except in Denmark and Scandinavia. It delights thickness, frequently containing sulphate of alu.

ge in to charge, as a gun. mina, and sometimes beds of anthracite, resulting in small, shallow, clear streams, and swims rapidly

"His musketeers had still to learn how to load their probably from the decomposition, not of plants, but

pieces." - Macaulay: Hist. Eng., ch. xiv. of graptolites, about forty species of which have been found in the Llandeilo-flags and the Arenig beds.

7. To crowd, to fill to overflowing. (LLANDEILO-FORMATION. Among these, grapto

“When loaded cribs their evening banquet yield." lites with two rows of cells (Diplograpsus, &c.) are

Pope: Homer's Odyssey, I. 486. conspicuous. About forty-seven Brachiopoda are

*8. To magnetize, by bringing into contact with found, and of other mollusks Orthoceras, Cyrta

loadstone. ceras, and Bellerophon. Trilobites abound.

“Great kings to wars are pointed forth, Llandeilo-formation, 8.

Like loaded needles, to the north." Geol.: A formation of Lower Silurian age. As

Prior: Alma, ii. 225. originally marked out by Sir Roderick Murchison,

II. Figuratively: it fell naturally under two divisions, an Upper, con

1. To weigh down, to oppress. taining the Llandeilo-flags (q.v.), and a Lower,

" Yes ! 'twas sublime, but sad. The loneliness now called the Arenig or Stiperstone group. Ac

Loaded thy heart; the desert tired thine eye." cording to Prof. Ramsay, the two together are 3,300

Scott: Lord of the Isles, ir. 1. feet thick in North Wales, and the lavas (which are

2. To heap; to abuse in excess; as, to load a mas felspathic and porphyritic), 2,500.

with insults. | Llăn-đặt-Ẽr-ỷ, 8. [Seo def.].

| 1. To load dice: To make one side heavier than Geog.: A town in South Wales, county of Carmar

the other, so as to cause the die to fall with that

Loach. then.

side downward. Llandovery-group, 8.

*2. To load wine: To drug, adulterate, or hocus when disturbed by the moving of the stone under 25 Geol.: A group of rocks found in the hill of which it secretes itself. The Loach is an animal

lõad -ēr, 8. [Eng. load; -er.) One who or that Noeth Grug, near Llandovery. Sir Roderick Mur feeder; it seldom exceeds four inches in length, but,

which loads; specif., a machine attached to a chison divided it into an Upper and a Lower Llan. spite of its small size, it is bighly prized for focd. dovery, the first sometimes called the May Hiu Dr Günther refers the Loach to the genus Nemach. wagon, as a hay-loader or stone-loader. In the

former case, it is an endless traveling apron on a group. Sir Charles Lyell believes that they consti. ilus (q. v.).

truck, trailing behind the wagon and carrying up tute the base of the Upper Silurian, being at the 2. Plural: same time beds of passage to the Lower. The beds

the hay collected by a rake.

(1) The genus Cobitis (q. v.). of conglomerate, &c., constituting the greater part

(2) The group or sub-family Cobitidina. Mouth

"The Frenchman did it out of covetousness, that so two of the Lower Llandovery Rocks, are from 600 to surrounded by six or more barbels: dorsal fin short loaders might bring double grist to his mill."-Fuller:

or of moderate length: anal fin short ; scales small

ales small 1,000 feet thick.

Worthies; Cornuall. llan-ēr-ö (11 as ly), 8. (Sp., from llanos.] One in a single series, in moderate number; air-bladder

rudimentary, or entirely absent; pharyngeal teeth load-log, pr. par., a. & 8. (LOAD, .] who lives on the lanos of South America. The

A. & B. As pr. par. & particip. adj.: (See the partly or entirely inclosed in a bony capsule; Laneros are principally the descendants of whites and Indians, and are distinguished for their activ.

pseudo-branchiæ, none. (Günther.) ity, ferocity, and semi-barbarous habits.

load (1), *lode, s. (LOAD, v.]

C. As substantive:

1. The act of placing a load or burden in or upon lla'-nos (11 as ly), 8. pl. (Sp., from Lat. planus I. Ordinary Language:

anything for conveyance. =level.] The level steppes or plains in the northern 1. Literally:

2. A load, a burden. part of South America. Some are barren wastes, (1) A burden: that which is laid on or put in

“Look to the tragic loading of this bed." others furnish pasture, and others again are coy- anything for conveyance; that which is borne or

Shakesp.: Othello, v. 2 ered with forest. carried.

loading-funnel, 8. One for charging mortars lloyd:-1-a, 8. (Named after Edward Lloyd, an

(2) The amount, weight, or quantity which a per- with
(2) Th

h a per: with loose powder. antiquary, who discovered the species, in the eight

son or animal can carry; as much as can be carried eenth century, in Wales.)

at a time by a person or animal, or in a ship. loading-hammer, 8. One for loading rifles. Bot.: A genus of Liliacex, tribe Tulipeæ. It has veb e vehicle, or other mode of conveyance.

"load-măn-age (age as 1g), *lode-man-age, s. a scaly bulb; leaves, filiform; stem, leafy; one or

(3) That which is borne with difficulty; a heavy (LOADSMAN.] The skill or science of a pilot; pilottwo flowers. Lloydia serotina is found on the weight; a burden.

age. Snowdon range of hills, but is very rare.

(4) The charge of a firearm.

*loadş-man, *lodes-man, 8. (A. S. lådmansa 2. Figuratively: Lloyd's, 8. (See def.) A name given to the place (1) That which oppresses, hinders or grieves; a

leader, from lád=course.] One who leads the of general insurance business, from that of the burden, an incumbrance, a weight.

way; a pilot. proprietor of a coffee-house, formerly used for a (2) A'quantity of food or drink as much as can load-star, lode'-star, klode-sterre, s. [Icel. similar purpose in Lombard-street, London. The be borne.

leidhar-stjerna, from leidhar (genit. of leidh)=a concern was afterward removed to Pope's Head "There are those who can never sleep withont their way, and stjarna=a star; Sw. led-stjerna; Ger. Aley. where it was called New Lloyd's, and subse- load. nor enjoy one easy tbought. till they have laid all leil-stern.] quently, in 1773, to some rooms in the upper part of their cares to rest with a bottle."-L'Estrange.

1. Lit.: A star which serves to lead or guide; the Royal Exchange, and the interest of it having

eight or violence, as of blows.

specif., the pole-star. long been purchased of the then, proprietor, it has

“Like lion mov'd they laid on load,

2. Fig.: Anything which guides or attracts. from that time been placed under the management

And made a cruel fight." Chevy Chase,

"Your eyes are lodestars." of a committee of the members. This institution, II. Technically:

Shakesp.: Midsummer Night's Dream, i. 1. now known simply as Lloyd's, is devoted entirely to marine insurance, and to such business as is sub 1. Mach.: The amount of work done by an engine

load-stone, lode-stone, s. [A. S. lâdu, lad= sidiary thereto, as the classification and registra working up to its capacity. Not to be confonnded course, conduct, and Eng. stone. ] tion of vessels, &c.

Min.: Magnetic oxide of iron, Fe304. It is very with duty. Lloyd's-bond, s.

2. Min.: The quantity of nine dishes of ore, each abundant in nature. It constitutes a natural mag

net. 1. A form of security devised by John Horatio dish being about half a cwt.

"The power to draw to itself, like the loadstone, Lloyd, for enabling corporate bodies, whose powers 1oad-line, 8.

Whatsoever it touches." of borrowing money are regulated and limited by Naut.: The same as LOAD WATER-LINE (q. v.).

Longfellow: Miles Standish, ri. fate, făt, färe, amidst, whãt, fail, father; wē, wět, hëre, camel, hēr, thêre; pine, pit, sïre, sir, maride; gó, pot,

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loaf, *loi, "loof, s. [A. S. hláf: cogn. with lcel. loan-society, 8. A society or association estab 2. Abominable, loathsome, hateful, disgusting. hleifr; Goth. haifs, hlaibs; Ger. laib; M. H. Ger. lished for the purpose of advancing money on loan

"And lothefull idleness he doth detest." leip: Russ. khlieb = bread; Lith. klëpas; Lett. to the working classes, to be repaid with interest

Spenser: Mother Hubberds Tale. klaipas.)

by instalments. 1. A mass or lamp; specif., a shaped mass of

lõath-låg, *loth-inge, pres. par., adj., & subst.

loan-word, 8. (For definition, see extract.) bread in the dough shape or baked.


Loan-words are common to all dialects. No people 2. A conical mass of molded sugar.

A. & B. As pr. par. o particip. adj.: (See the can have near neighbors without receiving something loaf-sugar, 8. Sugar refined and molded into a from them in the shape of inventions, products, or social

is verb.) loaf or conical shape.

institutions, and these, almost inevitably, are adopted C. As subst.: The act or state of feeling disgust, loaf, v. i. &t. (Etym. doubtful.]

eir foreign names. The French have taken aversion, or abhorrence; disgust, detestation.

meeting' and 'turf' from us, together with the ideas A. Intrans.: To lounge or idle about; to idle which they denote. We have had in return 'naive' and Macaulay: Hist. Eng. ch. xii.

"The mutual fear and loathing of the hostile races."one's time away.

'verve.'"--Sayce: Comparative Philology, ch. v. B. Trans.: To spend or pass idly; as, to loaf one's loan (2), lone (2), lõan'-ing, 8. (LANE.)

lõath -ing-ly, adv. (Eng. loathing; -ly.] With time away.

loathing, disgust, or abhorrence. loaf -ēr, s. [Eng. loaf, v.; -er.) One who lounges to the homestead, and left uncultivated for the 1. An opening between fields of grain, or leading

*loath-11-něss, *lothe-ly-nes, s. (Eng. loathly; or idles about one who is too lazy to work for a purpose of driving cattle out and home...

-ness.] The quality or state of being loathly; loathlivelihood, but lives by sponging on others, or simi. *

2. A lane: a narrow road between hedges or

lar lazy practices; an idler, a lazy fellow.

“The deformytie and lothelynes of vice."-Sir T. Elyot: "The loafer in moleskin stood at some little distance."

“The mason-lads that built the lang dike that gaes Governour, bk. iii., ch. xxiv. --Black: Adventures of a Phaeton, ch. xviii. down the loaning." --Scott; Antiquary, ch. iv.

lõath-1ỹ, *loth-lich, *lod-11, *loth-li, *ladhloam, 8. [A. S. lam; Dut. leem; H. Ger. lehm: L.Ger. 'lein; cogn. with Eng. lime and Lat. limus=

liche, a. & adv. [A. S. ládhlic; 0. H. Ger. leid3. A green sward on which cows are milked.


loan, v. t. & i. (LOAN, s.] mud.) 1. Ord. Lang.: Alluvial soil, consisting of sand A. Trans.: To lend.

*A. A8 adj.: Creating or causing loathing or disand clay soil in considerable quantity. If one or

gust; loathsome, disgusting. the other largely preponderates, the soil ceases to B. Intrans.: To lend money.

“In chamber brooding like a loathly toad." be loam. loan-a-ble,, a. (Eng. loan, v.; -able.) That

Thomson: Castle of Indolence, i. 61. * If thy strong loam superfluous wet retain, may or can be lent.

B. As adverb:
Lead through thy fields the subterraneous drain." loan'-mon-gēr, 8. (Eng. loan, and monger.] A 1. Unwillingly; with loathness.

Scott: Amoebaan Eclogues, 2. dealer in loans: one who arranges or negotiates *2. In a loathsome manner; filthily, disgustingly. 2. Founding: A mixture which essentially con- loans.

*3. With abhorrence. sists of sand and clay, the former largely predomin- lo-a-sa, s. Named by Adanson, who did not

"If she lost it, ating, with a certain quantity of horse-dung added,

Or made a gift of it, my father's eye or some equivalent for the same, such as chopped

explain the reason why.] straw, saw-dust, cow-hair, &c. Beds of loam are in

Should hold her loathiy." Bot.: The typical genus of the order Loasaceæ. sometimes found of nearly suitable composition,

Shakesp.: Othello, iii. 4. The stigma is trifid, the capsules open by three but it is more commonly made up by blending

valves at their summits. The species are found in _loath'-ness, *loth-nes, 8. [Eng. loath : -ness. I Chili and Peru.

The quality or state of being loath; unwillingness, different sorts of sand, clay, &c., in a mill resembling a pug-mill. In molding, it is always used 10-a-sā --çě-me, s. pl. [Mod. Lat. loas(a); Lat. Terus

“The loathness to depart would grow." quite wet, like plaster, but is dried perfectly fem. pl. adj. suff. -aceæ.].

Shakesp.: Cymbeline, i. 2. before pouring. Its characteristics must be plas- Bot.: Loasads. An order of epigynous exogens, ticity while wet, strength and solidity when dry, per- alliance Cactales. It consists of herbaceous, hispid



loath'-some, *loth-some, *loth-sum, *wlothviousness to the air from the mold, and the power plants, with pungent hairs, leaves opposite or some, a.. [Eng. loath(e); -some... to resist the high temperature of the metal. It is alternate, without stipules, often divided; pedun- . 1. Causing loathing or disgust; disgusting, abomemployed for large work in both brass and iron, cles axillary, one-flowered; calyx superior, four to inable. obviating the use of a pattern. [MOLD, LOAM- five-partite, persistent; petals five or ten in two

As loathsome to thyself as to mankind." WORK.) rows, often hooded; stamens indefinite in number,

Byron: A Sketch. Fluriatile-loam: (Loess.) (Lyell.)

; 2. Odious, detestable. in several rows; ovary, inferior, one-celled, with

“Modre is so wlothsome and abhominable." several parietal placentæ, or with one in the center; loam-beater, 8. style, one; stigmas, one or more; fruit, capsular or

Chaucer: C. T., 16,060. Founding: The rammer of a molder, used in com

succulent; inferior, one-celled. Fifteen genera are pacting the loam around the pattern. known, and about seventy species, all American.

"Rhubarb ... being not flatuous nor loathsome." loam-cake. 8. A disc of loam which covers in (Lindleu

-Bacon: Nat. Hist., 8 44. the mold in loam-work casting, and which is per

pl. Mod. Lat.

sla: EI

*4. Feeling nausea; affected with nausea. forated with holes for the entry of the metal and suff. -ads. ]

loath-some-něss, *loth-sum-nesse, *loththe escape of the air. loam-molding, 8. Making a mold by templets. Loasacex (q. v.).

Bot.: The name given by Lindley to the order som-nes, s. [Eng. loathsome; -ness.] The quality

or state of being loathsome. loam-plate, s.

10-ā-sēæ, 8. pl. (Mod. Lat. loas(a); Lat. fem. “Wearied with the loathsomeness of the present governFounding: One of the flat cast-iron rings or pl. adj. suff. -eæ.]

ment."-Holinshed: Hist, Scotland (an. 1422). plates used in loam-molding, upon which the nowel

loath'-some-1ğ, *loth-som-ly, adv. [English or the cope rests, as the case may be.

Bot.: The typical tribe of Loasaceæ.

loathsome ; -ly.] In a loathsome manner; so as to loam-work, s. A method of making molds for loath, *löth, a. (A.S. ládh=hateful; cogn. with

A.S. ládh=hateful; cogn, with excite loathing or disgust. large bollow castings, such as cisterns, tanks, Icel. leidhr=loathed, disliked: Dan. led=loath

“The bloudie gore and poison dropping lothsomly." steam-engine cylinders, and kettles of large size some; Sw. led; 0. H. Ger. leit.]

Spenser: F. Q., V. xii. 30. de. Instead of making a pattern of the object, the *1. Odious, loathsome, unpleasant, disgusting.

- *lõath-ỹ, *loth-y, a. [English loath(e); -v.] bowel and cope are built up of bricks and covered

"Ich was him loth."-Owl and Nightingale, 1,088. Loathsome. with loam, which is shaped by a templet. The pasts are afterward brought into the required

“With lothy chere lord Phebus gan behold." 2. Unwilling, averse, reluctant; filled with aver

Uncertaine Authors: M. T. Cicero's Death. juxtaposition in a pit, surrounded by packed sand,

sion. and then the metal is run in.

“The day, as thou seest, is very far spent, and we are loaves, 8. pl. (LOAF, 8.] loam, v. t. (Loam, 8.] To cover over with loam;

loath to-night to go any farther."-Bunyan: Pilgrim's lõb, s. (Wel. llob=a dolt, a blockhead.] [LUB

Progress, pt. ii. to clay.


lõathe, *lothe, v. t. & i. (A.S. ládhian; Icel. lõam'-, adj. [Eng. loam; -y.) Consisting of

I. Ordinary Language: loam; of the nature of loam; resembling loam leidha; O. H. Ger. leiden.)

1. A heavy, dull, stupid fellow; a blockhead. marly. A. Transitive:

"Farewell, thou lob of spirits, I'll begone." ** Plashed neatly, and secured with driven stakes 1. To feel disgust at: to be disgusted at or with:

Shakesp.: Midsummer Night's Dream, ii. 1. Deep in the loamy bank." Couper: Task, iv. 438. to abhor; especially to feel nausea or an extreme

2. Anything thick and heavy. 10an, lone, 8. (A. S. *lán, læn; cogn. with Dut. aversion to food.

3. A lobworm. leen=a grant, a fief; Icel. lán=a loan ; lén=a fief;

“My idle greyhound loathes his food."

“For the trout, the dew worm, which some also call the Dan, laan=a loan: Sw. lan: Goth. lehn, lehen=a

Scott: Lady of the Lake, vi, 24.

lob worm, and the brandling, are the chief."-Walton: fief: 0. H. Ger. léhan=something granted.]

2. To dislike greatly; to hate.

Angler. 1. The act of lending or granting the use of any. think temporarily to another, on the express or

* The Whigs loathed it as servile : the Jacobites loathed II. Cricket: A slow ball, sent in with a low deliv.

it as revolutionary.". Macaulay: Eng. Hist., ch. xix. ery bowled underhand, and falling heavily after a implied condition that it or its equivalent in kind

much curved trajectory. It is more successful

3. To cause to feel disgust; to disgust. shall be returned. 2. That which is lent; especially, a sum of money

upon soft than upon hard wickets. [FLOP.]

" It may loathe the sense of every man." lent at interest.

Peele: David and Bethsabe. *10b-dotterel, 8. A loutish fool. * The Lord give thee seed of this woman for the loan B. Intransitive:

*10b-like, a. Clumsy, loutish. which is lent to the Lord." --1 Samuel, ii. 20. 3. Permission to make use of; as, a loan of credit. *1. To create disgust; to disgust.

*lob, v.t. (LOB, 8.) I Gratuitous loan or commodate:

*2. To feel nausea, disgust, or abhorrence; to

*2. To feel nausea, disgust, or abhorrence; to 1. Ord. Lang.: To droop; to let fall in a slovenly Lan: The gratuitous loan of an article to a bor. nate, to abhor.

or lazy manner; to hang down. rower for his own use, to be used according to the

“The Egy tians shall lothe to drink of the water."

“ The horsemen sit like fixed candlesticks, lender's intention, and returned at the proper time Exodus vii. 18.

With torch-staves in their hands; and their poor jades and in proper condition.

loath'-ēr, 8. (English loath(e); -er.] One who Lob down their heads." Shakesp.; Henry V., iv. 2. loan-office, s. loathes,

2. Cricket: To bowl a ball like a lob; as, to lob a 1. A public office where loans are arranged for loath-fui, *lothe-full, "loth-full, a. (English ball into the air. the public, the accounts of the lenders kept, and loath, and ful(l).)

lo'-bar, a. (Mod. Lat. lobaris, from lobus.) the interest paid to them.

1. Full of loathing; abhorring, hating.

(LOBE. Of or belonging to a lobe of any organ of 2. An office where money is lent on goods or other “Which when he did with lothfull eyes behold." the body. (Used chiefly of man, but also of the security; a pawnbroker's office.

Spenser: Mother Hubberds Tale. inferior animals.) doil, boy; pout, Jowl; cat, çell, chorus, chin, hench; go, gem; thin, this; sin, aş; expect, Xenophon, exist. ph = £.

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lobar-emphysema, 8.
2. Bot.: A division more or less rounded.

10b-1-pěd, 8. (LOBIPES.) Pathol.: Emphysema affecting a whole lobe of

“When these parts are touched by the legs of flies, theZool.: A bird belonging to the family Lobivedidæ the lungs, as distinguished from lobular emphy.

two lobes of the leaf instantly spring up." --Smellie: (q. v.); a lobe-foot.

Philosophy of Nat. Hist., i. 6. zema (q. v.). (Dr. Waters.)

3. Mach.: The larger and most prominent or pro

*lõb-1-pěd:-1-dæ, 8. pl. [Modern Latin lobipes, lobar-pneumonia, 8. jecting part of a cam-wheel.

genit. lobiped(is); Lat. fem. pl. adj. suff. -ide. Pathology: Pneumonia, affecting a lobe of the

Ornith.: A family of wading birds, having the

lobe-berry, 8. lungs.

enterior toes lobed or semi-palmated. By many lo-băr'-ic, a. [Mod. Lat. lobar(ia); Eng. suff.

Bot.: The genus Coccolaba.

naturalists this family is merged in Scolopacidæ. -ic.] Contained in or derived from the lichen,

lobe-foot, 8. A lobe-footed bird; a lobiped. lõb'-1-pēş, 8. (Mod. Lat. lobus (genit. lobu)=a Lobaria adusta.

lobe-footed, adj. Having the toes lobate, or lobe, and Lat. pes=foot.) lobaric-acid, s. bordered with membranes, as in the case of the

Ornith.: Cuvier's name for a genus of waders. It grebes.

is the same as Phalaropus of Vieillot [PHALAROChem.: C17H1603, a colorless resinoid acid ex. Bre tracted from the Yichen, Lobaria adusta. It crys- lobe-plate, 8. A strong piece of cast-iron laid PUS:

10b'-101-ly, 8. (LOLLIPOP. I tallizes in thin plates, and resembles a crystalline upon the keelson, &c., to support the parts of a resin in many of its properties, and in its degree of marine steam-engine. A sole-plate; a

ree of marine steam-engine. A sole-plate: a foundation 1. Water-gru poon-meat. solubility in different menstrua. Its ammoniacal plate.

2. A sweet. solution is colorless, but on exposure to the air it lobed, adj. [English lob(e); -ed.] The same as loblolly-bay, s. becomes rose-red, and dries up to an amorphous LOBATE violet brown mass, resembling in tint the thallus of

Bot.: Gordonia lasianthus, an elegant evergreen

lo-běl-a-crin, s. (Mod. Lat. lobel(ia); Lat. acer, shrub or small tree, from the Southern States of the lichen which yields it.

(gen. acris)=sharp, and Eng. suff. -in (Chem.).] America. Its bark is sometimes used in tanning. 10-bà-ta. s. pl. (Neut. pl. of Mod. Lat. lobatus= Chem.: An acrid substance found in Lobelia in loblolly-boy, 8. lobed.)

flata (Indian tobacco), and to which the herb owes Zool.: A sub-order of Hydrozoa, order Ctenophora. its taste. It crystallizes in warty tufts of a brown

Naut.: A boy who attends on the surgeon of a

buble vessel, to compound the medicines, and otherwise 10-bāte, 10-bāt-ěd, lõbed, a. [Mod. Lat. loba. ish color, slightly soluble in water, but very soluble Vessen

in alcohol, ether, and chloroform. tus=divided into segments.].

assist him in his duties.

It is decom- assi Bot.: Partly divided into a determinate number posed by boiling with water, and, when treated "I was known by the name of loblolly-boy."-Smollett: of segments. Thus, a leaf may be bilobate=two- with alkalies or acids, is converted into sugar and Roderick Random, ch. xxvii.

loblolly-pine, s. five-lobed, like the human hand.

10-bēr-lo-æ, 8. pl. [Mod. Lat. lobel(ia); Latin Bot.: Pinus tæda. lỏ'-bate-lý, adv. [Eng. Lobate; -ly.]

fem. pl. adj. suff. -eæ.]
Bot.: The typical tribe of the order Lobeliaceu

loblolly-sweetwood, 8.
Bot.: So as to form lobes.
(q. v.).

Bot.: Sciadophyllum jacquinii. lobately-crenated, a. lobe-lět, 8. (Eng. lobe; dimin. suff. -let.]

loblolly-tree, s. Bot.: Having crenatures, or indentations, so deep Bot.: A little lobe.

Bot.: Varronia alba, a tree of the order Cor. as to constitute a series of small lobes.

lo-bē-11-a, 8. [Named after Matthias Lobel, diacex, growing in the West Indies. The fruit is lõbi-bing, 8. (Etym. doubtful.]

sometimes eaten. physician and botanist, who died in London, A. D. 30 Metall.: (COBBING, C. 2.) 1616.1

loblolly-wood, 8. *1õb-bish, a. (Eng. lob; -ish.) Loutish.

1. Bot.: The typical genus of the order Lobeli. Bot.: (1) The wood of Cwpania glabra; (2) that

aceæ (q. v.). The calyx is irregular, two-lipped, of Pisania cordata. "Their lobbish guard."-Sidney: Arcadia, p. 430. cleft longitudinally on the upper sides, the upper lõb-o-dõn, 8. [Greek lobosra lobe, and odous 1b-b... Low Lat. lobia, lobium=a portico, & lip smaller and erect, the lower spreading ; three (genit. odontos) =a tooth. C ory From MH. Ger. Loubean arbor: Ger. laube cierti the authers United, the two Tower ones Z08). • A genuis of Phocida. Lobodon carcinonhaan =a bower, from M. H. Ger. loub, loup; 0. H. Ger. bearded at the apex; capsule two- or three-celled,

is the Crab-eating Seal, or Saw-tooth Sterrinck, of laup; Ger. laub=a leaf.]

the upper part free, two-valved loculicidal. Man

iany Owen. It inhabits the Antarctic Ocean.

species are very beautiful. I. Ordinary Language:

2. Pharm.: Lobelia urens blisters the skin, L. 10-bő-ite, 8. [Named after Chevalier Lobo da 1. An inclosed space surrounding or communicat cardinalis is acrid, and is considered anthelmintic, Silveira ; suff. -ite (Min.) : Ger. loboit.] ing with one or more apartments; a small house or L. inflata is a powerful emetic, sudorific, and ex: Min.: The same as VESUVIANITE (q. v.). waiting-room; the entrance into a principal apart. pectorant. The infusion of the leaves of L. nico- lo-bo-są, 8. pl. (Neut. pl. of Mod. Lat. lobosus= ment when there is a considerable space between tinæfolia, an Indian species, is used by the natives lobed.] this apartment and a portico or vestibule. (Gwilt.) as an antispasmodic, the dry herb when handled 2001.: A division of Rhizopoda, consisting of “His lobbies fill with 'tendance."

irritates the throat and nostrils like tobacco. The genera with a lobe or pseudopod. They are divided Shakesp.: Timon of Athens, i. 1.

flowering herb of L. inflata (Indian tobacco), indig. into Naked (i. e., shell-less) and Shelled Lobosa.

enous to the United States, is used in British prac. 2. That part of a hall of a legislative assembly

British prac. lõb-os'-to-mą, s. (Gr. lobos=a lobe, and stoma=

tice. The medicinal preparations of it are two-the not appropriated to official business; as, the lobby Tincture and the Ethereal Tincture of Lobelia. In

a mouth.] of the House of Representatives.

Zoðl. The typical genus of the sub-family Lobos. small doses Lobelia is expectorant and diaphoretic; II. Technically: in large ones, emetic or cathartic. It has been used

tominæ. 1. Agric.: A space for cattle, inclosed by hedges,

in spasmodic asthma, and in dyspnæa, &c., as a lõb-os-to-mi-næ, 8. pl. [Mod. Lat. lobostom(a); trees, or other fencing.

Lat. fem. pl. adj. sutf. -inæ. I diuretic. (1.)

Zool.: The name given by Dobson to a sub-family 2. Naut.: A name sometimes given to an apart 10-bē-11-ā-çě-a, s. pl. (Mod. Lat., &c., lobeli(a);

of Bats, family Phyllostomidæ. They have terminal ment close before the captain's cabin. Lat. fem. pl. adj. suff. -aceæ.]

nostrils, and cutaneous folds or ridges on the chin. lobby-member, 8. A person who frequents the Bot.: Lobeliads; an order of epigynous exogens, lobbies of a legislative assembly; a lobbyist. alliance Campanales. It consists of herbs or shrubs, lob'-ő-teş, 8. (Mod. Lat., from Gr. lobos=a lobe.] 1õb-bỹ, v. i. &t. (LOBBY, 8.]

with milky juice, alternate leaves without stipules; Ichthy.: A genus of Acanthopterygians, family

the calyx five-lobed or entire; corolla monopetal. Percidæ (q. v.). Body rather elevated, compressed, A. Intrans.: To frequent the lobby of a legisla- ous, irregular, five-lobed or deeply five-cleft; sta- with ctenoid scales of moderate size. Snout obtuse, tive assembly for the purpose of addressing mem- mens five, anthers cohering in a tube ; ovary, inferior, teeth villiform; no canines or palatal teeth. One bers with a view to influence their votes; to solicit one to three-celled; seeds, very numerous, parietal dorsal fin, with twelve spines; anal with three. the votes of members.

or attached to the axis; style, simple; stigma, sur. Præoperculum denticulated. Branchiostegals six. B. Transitive:

rounded by a cup-like fringe; fruit, capsular, one L. auctorum is remarkable for its extraordinary 1. To address or solicit, as the members of a to

to three-celled; many-seeded, dehiscing at the apex. range. It occurs in the East Indies and on the legislative asse nbly, for the purpose of influencing

Found in semitropical and temperate climates. Atlantic coast of America, and has been met with

The acridity of their milk makes them suspicious. in the Mediterranean. It lives in salt and brackish their votes in favor of or against some measure.

About 275 species are known. Sir Joseph Hooker water. Length about two feet. 2. To carry through a house of legislation, as a

makes the Lobeliaceæ a sub-order of Campanu. measure or bill, by addressing, or soliciting the

lõb-scouse, lobs-course, *laps-course, subst. laceæ. The order is divided into three tribes, Clin votes of members in favor of such measure or bill.

Eng. lob, and course.) toneæ, Lobeleæ, and Delissex. lõb'-bỹ-Ist, 8. [Eng. lobby; -ist.) One who fre

Naut.: A hash of meat with vegetables of various quents the lobbies of a legislative assembly for the

10-běl -1-ådş, 8. pl. [Mod. Lat. lobeli(a); Eng. kinds; an olio. purpose of soliciting or influencing the votes of pl. suff. -ads.)

“That savory composition known by the name of lobs. members; a lobby-member.

Bot.: The name given by Lindley to the order course."-Smollett: Peregrine Pickle, ch. ix. iðbo-cock, 8. (LOB, 8.) A stupid, dull, sluggish Lobeliaceæ (q.v.).

lõb'-sid-ěd, a. (Eng. lob, and sided.] Hearing person; a lob, a lubber.

-ic.] Derived from or characteristic of the genus lobe, 8. [Fr., from Mod. Lat. lobus, from_Gr. Lobe

*1õbs-pound, 8. [Eng. lob, s., and pound.) A lobos=a lobe of the ear or liver; cogn. with Eng.

pound, a prison. lap (q.v.).] lobelic-acid, s.

lobi-stēr, *lop-ster, *lop-stere, lop-pe-ster, I. Ord. Lang.: A projection or division, especially .; action or division, especiallyChem.: A non-volatile acid existing in the decoc. *lop-pi-ster, *lop-py-ster, *lop-stere, *100

tion of Lobelia inflata. It is soluble in water and star, s. [A. S. loppestre, lopystr, a corrupt. of one of a rounded form.

alcohol, and in many of its reactions resembles locusta=(1) a lobster, (2) a locust.] II. Technically:

gallic acid. It yields a soluble salt with barium1. Lit. & Zool.: Homarus vulgaris, the Common 1. Anat.: Any rounded and ) pjecting part of an oxide, but its lead salt is insoluble in water. Lobster, a well-known decapod, macrurous, marine organ; thus, the liver is divided into two unequallo-bě-lìn, lo-bě-line, subst. [Mod. Lat., &c.,

crustacean, of the family Astacidæ. It has five lobes, a right and a left, and on the under surface Lobellig): in vine (Chem)

pairs of ambulatory legs, the first pair being the of the right lobo are three secondary lobes or 8 or Chem. An oily alkaloid obtained from Lobelia

chelæ or great claws, the next two pairs also chelate lobules-namely, the lobe of Spigelius, the caudate inflata. It is soluble in alcohol and ether, and acts

but smaller, the last two pairs monodactyle. The or tailed lobe, and the square lobe. There are five as a narcotic when taken internally.

segments of the abdomen carry each a pair of lobes in the cerebrum-viz., the frontal, the parie

swimmerets the last pair greatly expanded, and tal, the occipital, the tempero-sphenoidal, and the 10-bi-ole, s. (Dimin. of Eng. lobe.]

constituting with the telson (q. v.) a powerful cau. central lobes Others are in the cerebellum. There Bot.: One of the small lobes into which the thal. dal fin. The nervous system is homogangliate: the are lobes also of the lungs. (Quain.) (LOBULE.] lus of some lichens is divided.

organs of sense consist of the two compound eyes, fate, făt, färe, amidst, whãt, fâll, father; wē, wět, hëre, camel, hēr, thêre; pine, pit, sire, sir, marine; gó, pot,

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