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Min.: A mineral belonging to the species Anorth (3) The visual line; the line conceived to proceed 10. Line of metal: ite, and regarded as an altered Lepolite. It is from the object to the eye..
Ordnance: A line joining the notches on the found in large crystals at Orijarfoi, Finland. Hard (4) The principal line; a line drawn from the eye breech and muzzle, and forming an angle with the ness, 35; specific gravity, 2 796–2:83. Color, on the perpendicular to the picture; the line of distance. axis of the bore, in consequence of the taper form exterior, black. (ANORTHITE, LEPOLITE.)
4. Fort.: A rampart : continued lines are used to of the piece. line (1), *lyne (1), s. [A. S. line=a cord, from
inclose a front, or to connect principal works with 11. Line of metal-elevation: Lat. linea=a string of hemp or flax, from lineus= one another by a continuous parapet.
Ordnance: The elevation due to the conical form beinpen: linum=flax: Fr. ligne : Ital. & Sp. linea:
5. Geog:: A circle of latitude or longitude, as on a of the gun when the line of metal is laid horizon. Port. linha; Dan. linie, line; Sw. linie, lina.]
map; a line or mark traced to show the variations tally.
12. Line of sight: I. Ordinary Language:
T The line: The equator.
Ordnance: The line passing through the breech 1. Literally:
“ When the sun below the line descends,
and muzzle sights of a gun at any elevation and (1) A thread or string of flax or hemp; a thin cord Then one long night continued darkness joins."
the object. of any material; a small rope or cord; a string.
13. Line of swiftest descent: (CYCLOID.] (2) A measuring tape or cord. 6. Machinery:
14. Line of the nodes: -- who hath laid the measures thereof, if thou knowest! (1) The truth of position; as, an engine in line of a planet. [NODE.)
Astron.: The line joining the nodes of the orbit or who hath stretched the line upon it?"-Job xxxviii. 6. that is, the motions of the piston, connecting-rod, 15. Mason & Dixon's Line:
(3) The string by which an angler supports his and crank in the same plane, and at right angles to Geog.: The boundary line separating Pennsyl. bait. the axis of the fly-wheel.
vania from Maryland and Virginia, surveyed by "Hold hook and line."
(2) The line of centers; the dead point of a crank, Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon, two English Shakes. Henry PL LUd when the connecting-rod and crank are in a straight surveyors (1763-67). The phrase was very popular
line, (4) Anything which resembles a thin line or cord; 7. Masonry: The bricklayer's cord, which is his slavery from Missouri in 1820.
during the agitation of the question of excluding anything that has longitudinal extension with little guide for level and direction. It is stretched bebreadth or width:
"The slaves that we ollers make the most on tween line-ping. (a) A slender, thread-like mark made as with a 8. Mathematics:
Air them north o' Mason and Dixon's Line." pencil, pen, or other instrument; a stroke; as, the (1) A magnitude which has length, but neither
Lowell: Biglow Papers. lines of a drawing, the lines of an engraving.
breadth nor thickness. It possesses one, and only
d only 16. Meridian line: (MERIDIAN.) (D) A thin furrow or marking on the face or
one, attribute of extension. In elementary geom. 17. Right line: A straight line; the shortest line hands.
etry, lines are classed as straight and curved. A that can be drawn away between any two points. “Filled his brow with lines and wrinkles." straight line is one which does not change its direc.
18. Ship of the line: A man-of-war. Shakesp.: Sonnet 63. tion between any two of its points. A curved line is
19. The line: The regiments of foot. (c) Any thin streak or mark. one which changes its direction at every one of its
20. To break the line: points. Such a line is often called a curve. A
Naut.: A maneuver by which one squadron “Yon grey lines that fret the clouds."
broken line is one made up of limited straight lines ranged in line of battle breaks an opponent 8 line, Shakesp.: Julius Cæsar, ii. 1. lying in different directions.
by choice about the middle, and doubling upon the (5) A row; a continued series or rank.
(2) The twelfth part of an inch,
rearmost half of the enemy's line with the foremost * They conversed with him across the lines of senti. 9. Mil.: A straight row of soldiers drawn up in an portion of one's own line so as to take that part of nela."-Macaulay: Hist. Eng., ch. xiii. extended front.
the enemy between two fires and conquer it before 10. Mining:
the foremost and leeward portion of the enemy can (6) An arrangement of letters and words across a
(1) Line of bearing: The strike of a stratum, o
beat back to its assistance. page or column. its direction at right angles to the dip.
21. Visual line: (LINE, 8., II. 3.) "Al the bulle
(2) Line of least resistance; the line of mine or aris line-engraving, 8. A name given to a method In two lynes hit lay, and no lettere more."
of explosion : A line drawn from the focus of a mine of engraving on steel and copper plates, by which Piers Ploughman, p. 182.
to that point in the direction of which the charge all the effects are produced by lines cut into the 2. Figuratively: meets the least resistance.
plate by the graver. It differs from etching, in (1) A continued or connected serios: as of de 11. Music: One of the straight horizontal lin which also the effects are produced by lines, in the scendants from a common ancestor; lineage. on or between which the notes are written.
method of producing them. In the latter the lines **Of the true line and stock of Charles the Great."
aio scratched upon a preparation on the surface of Shakesp., Henry V., 1. 2. ,(1) A running cord or rope, as bowline, buntline, the plate, and bitten in with acid. (2) Oatline, contour, lineament.
clewline, spilling line, &c.
line-formation, 8. “Looking on the lines of my boy's face.”
20-fathom sounding-lino having a'lead of from 7 to Mil.: The disposition of soldiers on a wide front Shakesp.: Winter's Tale, i. 2. 14 pounds. [HAND-LINE.) A deep-sea line, one say
and shallow depth as compared with columnar (3) Method, arrangement, disposition. of 200 fathoms, and having a lead of 28 pounds
formations with narrow front and great depth. It (4) Extension, extent, limit, bounds. weight; a fishing-line.
was first extensively used by Frederick the Great, "Eden stretch'd her line
(3) A grade of rope, such as marline, white line, battalions being in three ranks but in line. Ho From Auran eastward to the royal towers tarred line, &c.
moved in columns of companies across the enemy's of great Seleucia." 13. Naval: A number of ships arranged in a row
front, and wheeled into line opposite his flank in (J) A series of public conveyances, as steamers,
for action. A column is said to be in line ahead order to attack. French formations were always coaches, &c., plying regularly between places: as when the ships are in one line abead of each other: more or less columnar for attack, but in the early the Cunard line of steamers to Europe: the Mon: in line abreast when they are ranged in one line Napoleonic wars the columns were at deploying areh line, &c.
a beam of each other: in quarter-line when ranged interval, so as to form line if required for defense. (6) A railway, a line of metals; as, a main line. a in one line abaft each other's beam, but not right British formations formerly were usually line in
two ranks, both for attack and defense. After the astern. branch line. (7) A short letter, consisting, as it were, of buta
14. Shipbuild.: A delineation of the form of a ves- campaign of 1870–71, both formations, for attacking
purposes, were abandoned, the line being too slow, single line of writing; a short note. sel, representing vertical and horizontal sections.
the column too dense to advance without loss un(8) Plural:
15. Surveying: (a) A letter.
(1) A carefully measured line, which extends be- der the fire of breechloaders, and an "attack forma.
tween two stations and forms the basis of triangu- tion," not dense and yet deep, was substituted. "I fear, my Julia would not deign my lines."
lation. (BASE (1), A., II. 4.] Shakesp.: Tuo Gentlemen of Verona, i. 1.
line-pin, s. (2) The line laid down or protracted in a survey. (6) Verses; a poem. [DIRECTION, T (2).)
Bricklaying: A pin used by bricklayers to hold “In moving lines these few epistles tell
16. Teleg.: The wire connecting one station with
the line by which the bricks are laid. Its pointed What fate attends the nymph who loves too well." another.
end is forced into a mortar-joint of the building. Garth: To Lady Louisa Lenox. | 1. Hour lines:
line-rocket, 8. (9) The words which compose a certain number Dialing: The.common sections of
Dialing: The common sections of the hour circles Pyrotech.: A small rocket made to run along an
of the sphere with the plane of the dial. of teet.
2. Line of battle: The disposition or arrangement
extended wire or line. "Ia the preceding line, Ulysses speaks of Nausicaa, yet of troops or ships for battle..
line-winder, 8. A reel for a clothes-line, a chalk. immediately changes into the masculine gend Bruome: On the Odyssey.
3. Line of beauty: The ideal line formed by a line, a log-line, &c.
graceful figure of any kind, and which Hogarth, in vine-wire. s. (10) A course of conduct, action, thought, occu- his Analysis of Beauty, satisfactorily established as pation, or policy, conceived as directed toward an a curve, combining a kind of concave and convex Teleg.: The wire connecting stations. They are
termination, somewhat resembling an elongated s. usually of iron, on account of its comparativo *He was convinced that his present line of service was 4. Line of dip:
cheapness and its tenacity, which allows a long that in which he could be most useful." -Macaulay: Hist. Geol.: Alino int lane of a stratum perpen
reach between posts. Eng. ch. xiv.
dicular to its intersection with a horizontal plane line (2), *lin, *lyne (2), 8. [A. S. lin, from Latin (11) Pl.: A marriage certificate. (Colloq.)
5. Line of direction: (DIRECTION, (2).]
linum=flax.) (LINEN.) 6. Line of fire:
*1. Ord. Lang.: Flax, linen. II. Technically: Mil.: The direction of fire.
2. Fiber: The finer and longer stapled flax sepa1 Arch.: Springing line. The line from which 7. Line of life: A line on the inside of the hand, rated from the shorter tow by means of the hacklo an arch rises, and from which the versed sine is cal. curying about the base of the thumb, and supposed (q. v.). colated. to denote the length of the person's life.
line, v. t. (LINE (1) & (2), s.] 2. Commerce:
8. Line of march: (1) An order given to a traveler for goods. Military'
1. To draw lines on or upon; to mark with lines (2) Goods received from such an order.
(1) Disposition or arrangement of troops foro
or or fine strokes. (3) Any class of goods.
cor 2. To draw, to delineate. 3. Drafting: (2) The direction taken by an army in its march.
"All the pictures fairest lined (1) The ground line or fundamental line. The O. Line of measures:
Are but black to Rosalind." common section of the ground plane and the base Geom.: The line of measures of a circle, in spheri
Shakesp.: As You Like It, tii. 2. of the picture. The terrestrial line.
cal projections, is the line of intersection of the 3. To read or repeat line by line. (2) The horizontal line. The common section of primitive plane with a plane passed through the 4. To measure, as land, with a line. the horizontal and that of the draft of representa axis of the primitive circle and that of the given
of the given 5. To range in a line; as, to line soldiers. taon, passing through the principal points. circle.
In the preceding senses from line (1), s. boil, boy; póut, jowl; cat, çell, chorus, çhin, bench; go, gem; thin, this; sin, aş; expect, Xenophon, exist. ph :- f.
6. To cover on the inside ; to put or make a lining linear-problem, 8.
Ichthy.: _Lota molva (Molva vulgaris), family to; to put in the inside of.
Math.: A problem that can be solved by the use
Gadidæ. Essentially a northern fish, found as far In this sense from line (2), 8.; the original of right lines only.
north as Iceland. Back and sides gray, inclining to meaning being to put linen inside anything. 7. To fill, to store.
lin-ě-ar-1ỹ, adv. (English linear; -ly.] In & very, ventrals
olive, belly sil. “The diadem, with mighty projects lined, linear manner; with lines.
white,dorsaland To catch renown by ruining mankind."
lĩn-ẽ-ar-ỹ, a. [Eng. linear; -9.] Linear. anal edged with Cowper: Table Talk, 59. lin -ě-ate, a. (Lat. lineatus, pa. par. of lineo=
white, caudal 8. To place in a line by the side of or along.
marked with to mark with lines; lineaza line.]
transverse black "The way from the hall to the western door of the ab- Bot.: Lined, the same as STRIATE.
bar, tip white. bey had been lined by Dutch soldiers."--Macaulay: Hist. lin -ě-āte. v.t. (LINEATE, a.l To delineate: to It is extremely Eng., ch. xi. Graw.
valuable as an 9. To cover, as with something soft.
lin-ě-a'-tion, 8. [Latin lineatio, from lineatus,
article of com10. To cover, to impregnate. (Said especially of pa. par. of lineo=to mark with lines.] A draught
merce, being dogs.)
of a line or lines; delineation. *11. To strengthen with new works; to cover and
to Spain and the protect others. flin'-ě-a-ture, 8. (LINEATE.) A drawing, a de- Mediterranean
Ling. To line bees: To track wild bees to their nests lineation, a figure..
ports. The fish by following them in their line of flight.
lined, pa. par. & a. (LINE, v.]
are split from head to tail, cleaned, soaked in brine, lin'-ě-a, 8. [Lat.) A line.
washed and dried, and then are known as stock-fish 1. Ord. Lang.: (See the verb.)
(q. v.). The liver yields an oil used by the fisherlinea alba, s.
2. Bot.: The same as LINEATE (q. v.).
men in their lamps, and it has been employed as a Anat.: A white tendinous band in front of the line-man, 8. (Eng. line, s., and man.)
substitute for cod-liver oil. abdomen, and beneath the external oblique muscle, 1. Rail. Engin.: A man employed to see that the ling (2), *lyng, *lynge (2), 8. (Icel. lyng=ling. extending from the ensiform cartilage to the o8 11.
U 08 line is in proper condition. pubis, on each side of it are the linea semilunaris,
heather; Dan. lyng, Sw. ljung.)
2. Suru. The man who carries the line in survey 1. Ord. Lang. : Heather, heath (q.v.). and connecting them together are three or four ins. &c. transverse bands, the lineæ transversa.
2. Bot.: The genus Calluna, and specially C. rullinea transversalis, s.
lin'-ěn, *lyn-en, *lyn-nen, s. & a. (Prop. adi. garis. (CALLUNA.] from Mid. Eng. lin=linen, with adj. suff. -en, as in
nen, with adj. suff. -en, as in ling-bird, s. Bot.: The ostiolum of certain fungals.
wool, wool-en. A. S. lin=flax, linen, from Latin Ornith.: Alauda pratensis, the Titlark. It is lin'-ě-age (age as 1g), *lignage, *linage, s. (Fr. linum=flax; Gr. linon.] (LINE (2), s.)
called Ling-bird in the lake counties, of England, lignage, from lignera line; Sp. linage.) Race, A. As substantive:
from constantly frequenting the moors. (Yarrell.) family; line of descent; descendants in a line from
m 1. A cloth made of flax, and having many grades -11ng, suff: (A.S.) A suffix commonly used in a common progenitor.
of fineness, and several forms distinguished by English with a diminutive force; as, duck, ducklin-ě-al, a, (Lat. linealis=pertaining to a line; their figures or surfaces.
ling=a little duck. lineara line.]
2. Underclothing, as being chiefly made of linen lin-ga, s. (LINGAM.] 1. Composed of lines; delineated.
or similar material. 2. In the direction of a line; pertaining to or
Compar. Relig.: The same as LINGAM (q. v.).
"Here is a basket he may creep in; throw foul linen measured by a line; as, lineal measure.
linga-purana, s. upon him as if going to bucking." --Shakesp.: Merry 3. Descending in a direct line from an ancestor. Wives of Windsor, iii. 3.
Hindu Liter.: A purana (q. v.) in which the wor-
ship of the linga is advocated.
| lin-găm, lãi'-ga, 8. [Mahratta, đc., liga, from
Sansc. lingam =(1) a inark, (2) the malo organ of 4. Hereditary; derived from ancestors. “Thus saith the Lord unto me, Go and get thee a linen
generation, (3) gender.] “Peace be to France, if France in peace permit girdle."--Jer. xiii., 1.
Compar. Relig.: The male generative organ, worOur just and lineal entrance to our own." 3. Resembling linen cloth; hence, white, pale,
shiped by the Hindus as the emblem and even Shakesp.: King John, ii. 1.
personification of Siva, to whose worship the temblanched. 5. Allied by direct descent from a common ances
ple of Elephanta, the chief place of this cult, is tor.
“Death of thy soul! those linen cheeks of thine dedicated. [GROVE, PHALLUS-WORSHIP, NATURE
Are counsellors to fear." --Shakesp.: Macbeth, v. 3. "Queen Isabel, his grandmother,
WORSHIP.] It is a small conical stone, placed on a Was lineal of the lady Ermengere."
linen-prover. s. A small microscope for count. pedestal. Adoration of the lingam is probably of Shakesp.: Henry V., i. 2. ing the threads in linen fabrics. Its base has a
Turanian origin, though now constituting a part of
Aryan worship in India. lineal-consanguinity, subst. Relationship by square opening, which exposes a certain area of
“Nothing is more common than to connect the worship direct descent from a common ancestor.
linen, and the glass above enables the number of
of the lingam with the impurities with which the Hindu lineal-descent, s. Direct descent from a com
religion is only too justly reproached. This, however, is mon ancestor.
a mistake. The worship of Siva is too severe, too stern, lin-ě-i-1-ty, s. Eng. lineal: -itu.) The qual.
1. Arch.: An ornament, so called from its resem. for the softer emotions of love, and all his temples are
*blance to a folded napkin. It was used in the fif. quite free from any allusion to it."-Fergusson: free and ity or state of being lineal, or in the form of a line.
Serpent Worship, p. 76. teenth and sixteenth centuries to fill panels. lin'-ě-al-ıýadv. [Eng. lin"al; ly.] In a lineal manner; by direct descent; in a direct line. lln'-en-drā-pēr, 8. [English linen, and draper.] lin-gā'-yat, 8. [Mahratta, &c.] A Hindu sect
whose object of worship is the lingam. They are “From these our Henry lineally descends."
One who deals in linen goods. (Eng.)
common in Western and Southern India. lin'-ě-a-měnt, s. (Fr., from Lat. lineamentum, linen; -er, and man.] A linendraper. (Ben Jon
*lin -gel, *lin-gle, 8. [Lat. linguia, dimin. of from lineo=to draw a line; linea=a line; Ital. & son: Silent Woman, iv.1.)
lingua=a tongue; cf. Fr. ligneul, dimin. of ligne
a line.] Sp. lineamento.] The outline or exterior of a facelin -ě-o-lāte, a. [Mod. Latin lineolatus, from 1. A shoe-latchet, a shoe-string. or figure, especially of the face; feature, look. Lat. lineola=a little line.]
2. A shoemaker's tl
Bot.: Marked by small lines.
"His awl and lingel in a thong."
Drayton: Pastorals, ecl, ir.
I. Ord. Lang.: A vessel plying regularly between 3. A thong of leather.
*lin'-gençe, s. [Lat. lingens, pr. par. of lingosto 11n'-ě ar, a. (Lat. linearis=pertaining to a line; II. Technically:
lick.) A medicine or preparation to be taken by lineaza line; Fr. linéaire: Ital. lineare.]
1. Marble-working: A long slab of stone to which licking; a lincture. 1. Ord. Lang.: Composed of lines; having the
pieces of marble are secured in order to be groundlin-gēr, *lin-gre, v. i. & t. (Mid. Eng. lengen: form of lines ; consisting of lines.
or polished. The pieces of marble are placed face to stay, to linger, from A. S. lengan=to put off, to 2. Bot.: Narrow, short, with the two opposite
downward on a fiat stone: plaster of Paris is poured prolong, from lang=long, frequent. Buff. -er: Icel. margins parallel, as the leaf of Taxus.
on their upper surfaces, and the liner is laid upon lengia=to lengthen, from langr=long; Ger. verlinear-ensate, a.
they längern=to prolong, from lang=lopg: Dut. verBot.: Long, sword-shaped, as Marica californica. may vary in thickness. They are then ready for lengen=to prolong, lengen=to lengthen.]
grinding. linear-equation, 8.
A. Intransitive: 2. Match.: A thin piece placed between parts to 1. To delay, to loiter, to wait, to tarry, to remain: Math.: An equation of the first degree. adjust them; a packing piece.
to be slow in moving. linear-expression, 8.
3. Nautical: Math.: One whose terms are all of the first degree. occupy a position in the main line.
(1) A line-of-battle ship; one large enough to "And while he lingered, the men laid hold apon his
hand."-Genesis xix. 16. linear-micrometer, 8.
(2) A vessel belonging to a line plying regularly 2. To remain inactive in expectation of some Optics: A graduated scale placed in the field of a between two places; as, a Cunard liner.
thing. telescope, and used to measure distances between li-ně-ús, s. [Lat.=of flax, flaxen.)
“We have lingered about a match between Ann Page objects.
and my cousin Slender."--Shakesp: Merry Wives of Wind. Zool.: A genus of Plathelmintha (Flatworms),
sor, iii. 2. linear-numbers, 8. pl. order Turbellaria. Lineus longissimus, the Sea
*3. To be slow in deciding; to hesitate; to be in Math.: Such numbers as have relation to length Long:worm is fourteen feet long, by two to four
suspense, only, as a number which represents one side of a lines broad.
4. To remain long in any stato: to be protracted: plane figure.
*lin-eğ, a. (Eng. line (1), s.; -y.) Marked with
as, a lingering illness. linear-perspective, s. In contradistinction to fine lines. aerial perspective, is that art which mathematically ling (1), *lynge (1), *leenge. *lenge. 8. CA. S. D. Tansive. determines the gradation which every line and angle lenga=the long one, from lang=long; cf.' with Dut. 1. To delay, to put off, to defer. of a building should take in reference to the van- lengra ling, from lang=long; Icel. langa, from
"She lingers my desires." ishing point. lange=long; Norw. langa, longa; Sw. långa.)
Shakesp.: Midsummer Night's Dream, i. 1 fate, făt, färe, amidst, whãt, fall, father; wē, wět, hëre, camel, hér, thêre; pine, pit, sire, sir, marine; gó, pot,
the softer emotions of Siva is too severe. towever, is
n and sixteenth centurist was used in the m:
link-worming 2. To spend wearily, to protract.
state they resemble Acari, except that the legs are 11'-nin, 8. (Lat., &c., lin(um) (q.v.); Eng. suff. "Far from gay cities and the ways of mon, only four. The male is much smaller than the in.) I linger life; nor to the court repair.”
female. They are ringed and flattened, with a Chem.: A crystallizable substance obtained from Pope: Homer's Odyssey, xiv. 411. mouth furnished with a horny ring and two horny Linum catharticum, commonly known as Purging lin'-gēr-ér. s. (Eng. linger: -er.] One who lin. books, one on each side. They are parasitic in the flax. It is extracted with other, from which it gers or delays.
frontal sinuses and lungs of various mammals, and separates as white crystals of a silky luster. It
in the lungs of some reptiles. About twenty species dissolves in alcohol, and is persistently bitter. lIn-gēr-ing, pr. par.& a. [LINGER.]
have been described, the best known being Penta- lin -Ing. pr. par., a. & 8. (LINE, v.] A. As pr. par.: (See the verb.)
stoma tænioides, which infests the dog and the
A. & B. As pr. par. & partrcip. adj.: (See the B. Az adjective:
verb.) 1. Delaying, tardy, loitering, slow. 110-guět, 8. (Fr.)
C. As substantive: “With fiercer shouts his lingering troopa he fires." 1. A tongue; a languet.
Pope: Homer's Iliad, bk. xvii., 194. 2. The piece of a sword-hilt which turns down 1. Ordinary Language: 2. Remaining as loth to depart. over the mouth-piece of a scabbard.
1. The act of covering on the inside. "Xo vernal blooms their torpid rocks array, 1In-gui-form, *110-gua-form (gu as gw), 8. along or by the side of anything..
2. The act of ranging, as a body of men, in a lino But winter lingering chills the lap of May."
(Lat. lingua=a_tongue, and forma=form, shape, 3. The covering of the inside of anything, as of a
Goldsmith: Traveler. appearance.] Having the form or shape of a dress, a box, &c. 3. Drawn out in time; protracted, slow; as, a tongue.
4. That which is within; contents. lingering disease.
“The lining of his coffers shall make coats." 4 Slow in taking effect; as, a lingering poison.
llå-gulst (gu as gw), 8. [Lat. lingu(a)=a tongue; Eng. suff. -ist.
Shakesp.: Richard II., i. 110-gēr-ing-1ỹ, adv. [Eng. lingering; -ly.) In 1. One who is skilled in languages; one who can II. Technically: a lingering manner; slowly, tediously.
speak several languages. | In-gẽn-lý, adv. [English linger; -lu.] Linger- túi.
*2. A master of language or conversation; one
1. Hydraul. Engin.: Puddle laid on the sides of a
canal, to prevent the percolation of water. ingly. skilled in tongue-fence.
2. Join.: Inside boarding: in contradistinction to 11n'-gět, 110-got, s. (Fr. lingot.) (INGOT.] Antlia'-guist-ēr (gu as gw), s. [Eng. linguist; -er.) outside sheathing or boxing, called casing. A cov: iron mold for casting metals; a small mass of One who dabbles in linguistics; a linguist, a phi ering of an interior surface, such as the boxing of metal; an ingot.
window-shutters, the facings on each side of a doorLing-Işm, 8. (For etym. see def.] lin-guis-tic, lin-guls-tic-al (gu as gw), a. way, &c. ...
3. Metall.: The fixing or protecting stuff on the Therap.: The system introduced by Peter Henry [Eng. linguist;, -ic, -ical.] Of or pertaining to lan- h
an- boshes of a puddling-furnace; the inside surface Libg, a Swedish poet (1776-1830), with a view to the guage or linguistics. physical and moral improvement of the human
material of a blast-furnace (q. v.).
lin-guis'-tics (gu as gw), 8. [LINGUISTIC.] The Tace. It consists of physical exercises, joined with science of languages, or of the comparative gram- hlelekr=alink: Dan, lanke=a chain, a fetter; Sw.
llák (1), 8. [A. S. hlence, hlenca, cogn, with Icel. the study of music and poetry. (Larousse.) mar and etymology of words.
länk=a link ; Ger. gelenk=a joint, a link, a ring; 110 -gle, s. [LINGEL.]
"The science of American linguistics is still in its in- lenken=to turn, to bend : connected with A. S. hlinc 110'-gó, 8. (Port., from Lat. lingua=a tongue.) fancy."-Brinton: Myths of the New World, ch. i.
=a ridge, a balk; hring=a ring.) A tongue, language, speech, dialect.
1IN-gu-lą, s. (Lat.=a strap, a little tongue, from I. Ordinary Language: "I wished to learn something respecting the mysteri. linguasa tongue, which the shell resembles.) cas Romany lingo, so little known." - London Daily Tele
200l. & Palæont.: The typical genus of the graph.
(1) A short connecting piece of circular or other family Lingulidæ (a. y.). The shell is oblong, com
com equivalent shape, as one of the oval rings or divisA long lingo: An uninteresting or improbable pressed, obliquely gaping at each end. Recent ions of a chain. story. species, sixteen, from India, the Eastern Islands,
“Cracking ten thousand curbs 11n-gua (gu as gw), 8. (Lat.) Australia, Polynesia, and the West of America.
Of more strong links asunder, than can ever Fossil ninety-one from the Lower Silurian till now. Entom.: A tongue formed by a development of fir
Appear in your impediment." the central portion of the ligula. It is very distinct Coralline Crag Lingulæ existed in the British seas as late as the
Shakesp.: Coriolanus, i. 1. in bees.
(2) Anything doubled and closed together, like a lin-gua-cious (gu as gw), a. (Lat. linguax
lingula-flags, 8. pl.
link. (genit. linguacis), from lingua=a tongue.] Fond of Geol.: Micaceous flagstones and slates, 5,000 feet “Make a link of horse-hair very strong, and fasten it to using the tongue; talkative, loquacious.
in thickness, of Upper Cambrian age, lying just the end of the stick that springs."- Mortimer: Husbandry. lla-gua-děn'-tal (guas gw), a.&s. (Lat. lingua
below the Tremadoc slates in North Wales, and (3) (PI.): A chain.
palæontologically the equivalent of Barrande's =the tongue; dens (genit. dentis) =a tooth, and Eng. primordal zone. In 1846 Mr. E. Davis discovered in
"Nor airless dungeon, nor strong links of iron adj. suff. -al.) them the Lingula (now removed to the genus Lin
Can be retentive to the strength of spirits." A. As adj.: Formed or uttered by the joint action gulella), from which they are named. About forty
Shakesp.: Julius Caesar, i. 8. of the tongue and teeth, as the letters d and t. fossils are found in the Lingula slates, only four of
(4) A sausage: so called because they are made in B. As subst.; A sound or letter formed or uttered which continue in the Tremadoc rocks. Besides a continuous chain. Lingulella davisii, there are a Phyllopod Crusta
2. Figuratively: by the joint action of the tongue and teeth.
11n-gua-form (gu as gw), S.
(1) Anything which connects; a bond.
"I feel lin-gua frăn-cą (gu as gw), 8. [Ital.=a free with the Lingula beds. (Lyell.)
The link of nature draw me." tongue.] A tongue which will enable one to belin-gu-lāte, a. (Lat. lingulatus, from lingula
Milton: P. L., ix. 914. intelligible over a wide extent of country, even a stran. dimin. of lingua=a tongue.l Shaped
(2) Anything which serves to connect one thing though it may not be the language of the districts like
or one part of a thing with another: any compoover which he passes. The Hindustani is a lingua like the tongue or a strap; ligulate, linguiform.
nent part of a connected series. franca : it is intelligible over India, though there lin-gũ -1°-dæ, 8. pl. [Mod. Lat. lingul(a); Lat. (3) A series. are at least twelve other widely spoken languages fem. pl. adj. suff. -idæ.] ..
"I have here only chosen this single link of martyrs." there, with many minor ones or dialects.
Zool. & Palæont.: A family of Brachiopoda. The -Addison: On the Christian Religion. llo-gual (gu as gw), a. & s. [As if from a Lat. shell oblong or orbicular, subequivalve, attached by
3. A winding or meandering of a river.
3. A winding a pedicle passing out between the valves; texture lingualis, from lingua=the tongue.]
horny, minutely tubular. Animal with a highly II. Technically : A. As adjective:
vascular mantle, fringed with horny setæ, oral 1. Mach.: A short connecting bar with a bearing 1. Of or pertaining to the tongue; as, the lingual arms, thick, fleshy, spiral. Genera, Lingula and in each end, for transmitting motion from one rod derves. Obolus.
or lever to another. 2. Formed by means of the tongue. ling-wort, 8. [Eng. ling, and wort.)
2. Surv.: The length of one section of Gunter's B. As subst.: A letter or sound produced by means
chain, 7.92 inches, the 100th part of 66 feet; 10,000
Bot.: An unidentified plant. Johnson simply square links make a statute acre. of the tongue; as, sh, zh. defines it as “an herb."
3. Steam Engin.: The link-motion (q. v.). lingual-artery, s.
ling'-ý (1), a. (Prob. connected with long (q. v.).] link-lever, 8. Anat.: A branch of the external carotid, which
1. Tall, limber, flexible. (Prov.) supplies the under surface of the tongue, and, meet
Rail, Engin.: The reversing lever of a locomotive. ing its fellow on the opposite side, unites at the tip tihatin 2. Active, strong; able to bear fatigue.
link-motion, 8. of the tongue to form the ranine artery.
*ling -ỹ (2), a. (English ling (2); -y.) Heathy, Steam Engin.: Gear by which the valve is operated lingual-ribbon, 8.
in locomotives and similar engines. It acts as a Zool.: One of the names for the masticatory ap. lin-hãy', 8. [Etym, doubtful.] A shed open at variable cut-off, or reverses the steam, or renders paratus in Gasteropodous Mollusks. Called also the sides, commonly used to run wagons and carts the valve inactive, as may be required. It consists the Tongue, Odontophore, or Radula (q. v.).
into when they are not in use. The word is also of two eccentrics and their rods, one for the forward lingual-teeth, s. pl. applied to a similar shed erected for occasional and the other for the backward eccentric: the outer
ends of the rods are connected by a slot link (hence Zool.: Amber-colored, glossy, and translucent reshelter for cattle on exposed pastures.
the name), and the end of the valve-rod works in curved spines on the muscular'" lingua " or tongue
*ll-nig -ēr-oňs, a. (Lat. linum=flax, hemp; gero
um=fax, hemp; gero the slot. The steam-valves are partially opened, of certain mollusks, as Trocbus, Cypræa, &c.
=to carry, and Eng. adj. suff. -ous.] Bearing or quickly closed again, so that the admission of steam lló-guăt-u-la (gu as gw), 8. [Fem. dimin. of e producing flax or linen.
ceases some time before the termination of the Lat. linguatus=gifted with a tongue.)
lin'--měnt, s. (Fr., from Lat. linimentum=an stroke, and the steam, being cut off, is worked ex. 20. The typical genus of the order Linguatu ointment, from lino=to smear; Ital., Port., & Sp. pansively. The nearer the slide is to the middle of
linimento.) lina (q.v.).
the slot, the quicker is the cut-off.
Med.: A soft or thin ointment; a substance or 11-guăt-u-li-na (gu as gw), 8. [Mod. Lat. preparation thinner than an ointment but thicker municated by connecting pieces.
link-work, 8. Work in which motion is com. linguatul(a); Lat. neut. pl. adj. suff. -ina.)
than oil. A stimulating preparation for external Zool.: An order of Arachnida. The animals are application. Garrod enumerates sixteen linimenta
link-worulag, 8. So vermiform that they have sometimes been placed They are: Linimentum aconiti, L. ammoniæ, L. cam. Naut.: Worming a cable by chains inserted in with the intestinal worms, but in the immature phoræ, L. saponis, &c.
the interstices of the strands. boil, boy; póut, Jówl; cat, cell, chorus, chin, bench; go, gem; thin, this; sin, ag; expect, Xenophon, exist. ph = f.
the names for the has called also the siden they are not in use.