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leam

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learnedness

leam (2), lyam, s. (A corrupt. of Fr. lien=a lēan-ing, pr. par., a.& . (LEAN, v.)

ldap-ing, pr. par., a. & 8. (LEAP, v.) cord or string, from Lat. ligamen, from ligo=to A. & B. As pr. par. & particip. adj.: (See the A. & B. As pr. par. & particip. adj.: (soe tho bind, to tie.) A cord, string, or strap by which dogs verb.)

verb.) &re led. *The lion toke acquaintance of him, and euer after fol.

C. As subst.: The act of jumping or bounding; a

C. As substantive: lowed bym, beynge ladde in a small lyam."-Sir T. Elyol: 1. The act or state of deviating from a straight or leap, a bound. Governor, bk. Ii., ch. xiii.

perpendicular line; the act or state of depending leaping-ague, 8. . lēam -ēr, s. (Eng. leam (2); -er.) A dog led by for support on another body.

Path.: A variety of chorea, characterized by a a string, cord, or strap.

2. An inclination; a feeling or disposition toward

morbid propensity to running, leaping, tumbling, anything; a propensity. *lean (1), r. t. (LEAN, a.) To make lean or thin.

and dancing. Cases have been described from (Adams: Works, i. 481.)

lēan'-1ğ, adv. (Eng. lean; -ly.) In a lean man. Scotland. (Cycl. Pract. Med., i. 215.) lēan (2), *lene, v. i. & t. (A.S. hlánan=to make ner; without fat or plumpness.

leaping-fish, s. to lean; hleonian, hlinian=to lean ; cogn, with 0. lean'-něss, 8. (Eng. lean; -ness.]

Ichthy.: Salarias tridactylus, one of tho Blonnii. S. hlinon, Dut. lennen; Dan. læni: Sw. läna; 0. 1. Lit.: The quality or state of being lead; thin. dæ. Habitat, East Indian Archipelago. Color, dark H. Ger. lainan to make to lean; hlinen=to lean; ness; want of flesh or plumpness.

brown. It possesses the power of leaping out of M. H. Ger. lenen: Ger, lehnen=to lean; Lat. *clino 2. Fig.: Poverty, poorness, emptiness.

the water, darting over the wet stones and rocks, =to make to lean, to incline; Gr. klino.)

*loan -ý, a. [Eng. lean; -y.) Lean, thin.

and snapping up flies. By means of its ventral and A. Intransitive:

pectoral fins, it can scramble up a nearly perpen

lēap, *lepe, v. i.&t. (A.S. hleápan (pa. t. hleóp, dicular face of rock, and makes for the sea on any 1. To incline against; to rest against to depend pa. par. gehleápen): cogn. with 0. Sax. hlópan=to attempt to capture it. Known also as tho Jumper on for support; to be supported by anything.

run; 0. Fris. hlapa; Dit. loopen; Icel. hlaupa; fish. (Wood.) Set me that I maye touche the pillery that the house Dan. lobe: Sw. lopu. Goth. hlaupan: 0. H. Ger. stand vpon, and that I may leane to them."-Judges xvi. hlaufan: M. H. Ger. loufen; Ger. laufen.)

*leaping-house, 8. A brothel. (Shakesp.: Henry (1561)

IV., Pt. 1., i. 2.) 2. To deviate from a straight, direct, or perpenA. Intransitive:

*leaping-time, 8. Youth. dicular line or direction; to incline; as, A tower1. To jump, to spring, to bound, to vault; to move leans to the east or the west, &c. with springs or bounds.

lēap'-ing-1ğ, adv. [Eng. leaping; -ly.) In a 3. To bend; to be in a bending or indirect position

* Leaping ever from rook to rock."

leaping manner; with leaps or bounds. or posture; to stoop.

Longfellow: Building of the Ship. lëar (1), subst. (LARE, LORE.) Learning, lore. *Leaning long upon any part maketh it mumme, and, 2. To bound; as, One's heart leaps for joy.

(Scotch.) es we call it, asleep."-Bacon: Nat. Hist., 8 735.

3. To rush, to start, to fly, to dart.

lear (2), 8. (LAYER.] 4. To depend, as for support; to trust; to look for B. Transitive:

lear-board, s. (LAYER-BOARD.) aid or support.

. 1. To jump or spring over; to pass over by leap **Trust in the Lord with all thine heart; and lean not ;

lëar, adj. [A. S. læer; Ger. leer.) [LEER, a.) de ing; to spring or jump from ono side to the other Empty, hollow. unto thine own understanding."-Prov. iii, 5.

of. 5. To have a tendency or propensity: to incline in

2. To cause to jump or spring over; to make to *lëar, *lere, v. t. (LEAR (1), s.) To learn. feeling or opinion: to tend toward anything. (Gold. tako a leap over.

lēarn. *lêrne. v. t. & i. (A.S. leornian=to learn: smilh: Deserted Village.)

*3. To cover; to copulate with.

cogn. with 0. S. linón: 0. H. Ger. lirnan: German B. Transitire:

" Whether the ball or courser be thy care,

lernen: A. S. ldran=to teach : Icel. læra: Dutch 1. To incline; to cause to lean: to rest.

Let him not leap the cow, nor mount the mare." leeren, Sw. lära; Dan. lare; Ger. lehren.]

Dryden: Virgil; Georgic iii. 328. "The little shepherd in his white capote

A. Transitive: Doth lean his boyish form along the rock." lēap (1), *leape, e. (A.S. hlýp; cogn. with Icel.

1. To gain or acquire knowledge, skill, or infor

i * Byron: Childe Harold, ii. 62. hlaup=a leap; Ger. lauf=a course.)

mation concerning. 2. To support, to rest. I. Ordinary Language:

"Learn from the birds what food the thickets yield." "Whereon the queen her weak estate might lean." 1. Literally:

Pope: Essay on Man, iii. 173. Drayton: Barons' Wars, iii.

(1) The act of leaping or jumping; a jump, a 2. To find out; to ascertain by inquiry. 1ean (3), v. t. (Lat. leyna.) To conceal, to hide. spring, a bound.

"Let's go learn the truth of it." léan, *lene, a.& 8. (A. S. hlæne, probably con- (2) The space passed over or cleared by leaping.

Shakesp.: Measure for Measure, i. 2. Dected with lean (2), v.)

*(3) The act of copulating; copulation.

3. To communicate knowlodgo to; to teach, to 2. Figuratively: A. As adjective:

(1) A sudden transition or change.

instruct, to inform. I. Ordinary Language: (2) A risky or bazardous step or action; as, to

“Your fly will learn you all games."

Ben Jonson: Alchemist, v. 2. 1. Literally:

take a leap in the dark. (1) Thin, meager, not fat, wanting in fat or flesh, II. Technically:

*4. To communicate, to tell. Elender.

Learn me the proclamation." (2) Kot rich, fertile, or productive; bare, barren, 1. Mining: The shifting of a vein; a fault.

Shakesp.: Troilus and Cressida, ii. 1. hungry, sterile.

2. Music: A passing from one note to another by an interval, especially by a long one, or by includ.

BIntrans.: To gain or acquire knowledge, skill, “To whose lean country much disdain ing several other and intermediate intervals.

u or information; to receive instruction. We English often show."

“Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am Cowper: The Bird's Nes lean-frog.s. A game among boys, in which one moek and lowly in heart." -Matthew xi. 29. *2. Figuratirely:

stoops down, while another, placing his hands upon (1) Bare, stripped. the back of the first, vaults over him.

learn-a-ble, a. (Eng. learn; -able.) Capable “The trees, though summer, yet forlorn and lean." leap-year, *lepe-yeer, 8. Bissextile; a year

of being learned; that may or can bo learned. Snukesp.: Titus Andronicus, ii. 3. which leaps over, as it were, one day more than an

"When the lesson comes ..I suppose it willcome (2) Berren of thought, jejune, dry. ordinary yoar; a year which contains 366 days, as

in some learnable shape."-Kingsley: Two Years Ago, distinguished from an ordinary year, which in"Fat paunches have lean pates."

ch. xviii. Shakesp.: Love's Labor's Lost, i. 1 cludes only 365 days. Every year, the number of learn -ěd, lēarned, lệarnt, pa. par. & ady.

which is divisible by four is a leap-year, except (LEARN. (3) Poor, insignificant.

when it happens to be any number of hundreds not A. As pa. par. (of both forms): (See the verb.) *Out of my lean and low ability

divisible by four. Thus, 1884 is a leap-year, but not B. As adi. (of the form learned): I'll lend you something: my having is not much."

1900, this omission of one leap-year in every four Shakesp.: Twelfth Night, iii. 4.

centuries being necessary to correct the error which 1. Having gained or acquired knowledge of or 11. Print.: A term applied to work which is not arises from the excess of the addition of one day in skill in anything by study; skilled or versed in cemunerative.

four years (i.e. six hours) to the year over the true scienco, literature, &c.; well-informed. B. As substantive:

length of the year, i. e. 365 days, 5 hours, 49 minutes. "The industry of that learned lady."-Pope: Homer's “Divide by four: what's left shall be

Odyssey. (Postscript.) I. Ord. Lang.: That part of flesh which consists of muscle without fat.

For leap-year 0; for past 1, 2, 3." Harris. 2. Skilled; skillful or knowing (followed by in);

*lēap (2), *lepe, *leep, s. [A. S. leap.) II. Print.: Work which is not remunerative.

as, learned in the law.

3. Containing or characterized by learning; as, a lean-face, subst. Type with unusually thin face 1. A basket, a hamper.

learned treatise. lines.

“Thei token up that, that lefte of relifs sovene leepis." 4. Acquired by study. lean-faced, a. -Wycliffe: Mark, viii.

« The bookful blockhead, ignorantly read, 1. Ord. Lang.: Having a thin, lean face. 2. A wicker fish-net; an osier creel or trap for With loads of learned Jumber in his head."

Pope: Essay on Criticism, iii. 62 2. Print.: Applied to type with unusually thin lish. face-lines.

"The fishers lay their leapes in the deepe."

*5. Wise, prudent.

Breton: Fantastickes; Octuber. lean-to, a. & s.

*lēarn -ěd-ish, a. (Eng. learned; -ish.) Some

what learned. A. As adi.: Having rafters; leaning against or leap'-er, 8. [Eng. leap; -er.] supported by a wall.

"And seem more learnedish than those I. Ordinary Language:

That in a greater charge compose." B. As subst.: A building the rafters of which lean 1. One who or that which leaps.

Butler: Miscellaneous Thoughts. against or are supported by a wall or other build. 2. A hollow cylinder with a hook at ono end, om barn-d-17. adv. Eng. learned: ul In A Ing. (Mrs. Gaskell: Sylvia's Lovers, ch. xliii.) ployed in untwisting old ropes.

learned manner; like a learned person; with learnlean-witted, a. Silly, stupid, foolish.

II. Zool. (pl.): The ortbopterous tribe Saltatoria, ing, knowledge, or erudition.
“A lunatic, lean-witted fool."
so called from the adaptation of the hinder legs to

“And she is prating learnedly
Shakesp.: King Richard II., ii. 1. the purpose of leaping. It comprises the families

Of logio and of chemistry." lean'-1ěshed, a. (Eng. lean, and fleshed.] Thin, Gryllidæ, Locustidæ, and Acridiidæ.

Praed: County Ball. lean, not fat.

*lēap-fði, *lep-full, 8. (English leap (2), s.; learn -ěd-něns, 8. (Eng. learned; ness.] The "Seven other kine came up after them out of the river, ful(1).) As much as will fill a leap or basket; a quality or state of being learned; learning, erudi. -favored and lean-fleshed."--Genesis xli. 6. baskotful.

tion. boll, boy; pout, jowl; cat, cell, chorus, chin, bench; go, gem; thin, this; sin, aş; expect, Xenophon, exist. ph = £ learner

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leather-yellow

lease.

learn-ěr, 8. [English learn; -er.) One who is 3. In sporting, a brace and a half; three creatures leather-buffing machine, 8. A machine is taught, or is under instruction; a pupil, a scholar. of any kind; hence, generally three in number of which the surface of leather is reduced to a smootb "Men that, if now alive, would sit content anything.

but not polished surface, the face being left with a And humble learners of a Savior's worth.”

“I am sworn brother to a leash of drawers, and can call slight nap, lika butt leather.

Cowper: Task, ii. 542. them all by their christian names."-Shakesp.: Henry IV., leather-carp, 8. lēarn:-Ing, *lern-yng, pr. par., a. & 8. (LEARN.] Pt. I., ii. 4.

Ichthy.: (See extract.) A. & B. As pr. par. & particip. adj.: (See the 4. A band with which anything is tied or fastened.

"Like other domesticated animals the carp is sabun verb.)

The ravished soul being shewn such game, would ject to variation. Some individuals ... have lost C. A8 substantive:

break those leashes that tie her to the door."-Boyle. every trace of scales, and are called leather-carps."1. The act, state, or process of seeking for or gain.

II. Weaving: A thread having at one end a loop Günther: Study of Fishes, p. 591. ing knowledge, skill, or information by study.

through which a thread of the warp is passed, the leather-cloth, 8. 2. Knowledge or skill in any branch of science or

other end being fastened to a rod or lever, to which Fabric: A fabric covered with a waterproof comliterature acquired by study; erudition.

all the other leashes of the same set are also at position, usually having a polished surface. It

tached; a heddle. “Concerning the excellency of learning and knowl.

generally consists of a paintor a varnish, sometimes edge."- Bacon: Advancement of Learning, i. 3.

lēash, v. t. (LEASH, s.] To bind; to hold or the former with a covering coat of the latter. The 3. Skill in anything good or bad. fasten by a string.

changes in menstruums, rosins, pigments, and "A his heels,

coarse and cheap materials, which are added for lẽar-8, 8. [Eng. lear, a.; -.]

Leasht in like hounds, should famine, sword, and fire, quantity, are so various that room cannot be 1. Mining: An empty place; an old working.

Crouch."

Shakesp.: Henry V. (Prol.) afforded for stating them at length. 2. Fearful, cautious. (Slang.)

*lēaş-ing, *les-inge, *les-ynge, s. [A. S. leás- leather-coat, 8. An apple or potato with a lēas-a-ble, a. [Eng. leas(e); -able.] That may ing, leásung, from leás=false; Icel. lausung.) A tough coat or skin. or can be leased. lie, a falsehood.

leather-corrugating machine, 8. A machine lēase (1), 8. (LEASE (1), v.]

"Have almost stamped the leasing."

in which leather is crimped, corrugated, or fluted Shakesp.: Coriolanus, v. 2. for certain purposes

for certain purposes in manufactures. It is usually I. Literally:

leasing-making, 8.

done by passing leather between a fluted and a 1. A demise, conveyance, or letting of lands, tene

plain roller, and drying while the indentations are ments, or hereditaments for a term of years, at a ;

Scots Law: A crime, punishable by fine and

preserved: or it may be done by passing the leather, certain specified rent or payment. imprisonment, consisting in slanderous and untrue

while damp, between plates or dies of the requisite speeches to the disdain, reproach, or contempt of "Alease is a conveyance of lands or tenements, usually the king his council and proceedings. O in consideration of rent, for life, for years, or at will, but always for a less time than the lessor has in the premises; dishonor, hurt, and prejudice of his highness, his

leather-creasing machine, s. A machine for for it it be for the whole interest, it is more properly an

parents and progenitors. Called also verbal sedi. ornamenting the edges of leather straps by passing assignment than a lease."-Blackstone: Comment., bk. ii., tion.

between rollers indented with the required patterns

in intaglio and cameo. ch. 17.

*leasing-monger, 8. A liar.

leather-cutting machine, 8. A machine for 2. The document or deed by which lands, tene *laş -ów, *lěaş -owe, subst. [A. S. læswe.] A cutting leather into shapes for shoe-stock or other ments, or hereditaments are leased.

purposes; sole-leather into soles and heels, for 3. The time for which lands, &c. are let under a meadow, a pasture, shaded with trees. * lēast, *laste,*leste, *lest, a. & adv. (A.S. læsast,

instance. II. Fig.: Any tenure or holding; duration; time læsest, læst, superlative of læssa (a.), læe (adv.) = leather-dicing, 8. (LEATHER-DRESSING.) allotted. less (q. v.).]

leather-dresser, s. One whose occupation is to "Our high-placed Macbeth

A. As adj.: The smallest; that which is less than dress leather or hides. Shall live the lease of nature."

all others in size, amount, degree, quantity, value, leather-dressing, 8. The act or operation of Shakesp.: Mncbeth, iv. 1. importance, &c.

finishing tanned or curried leather to improve its lease (2), 8. (LEASH.]

B. As adv.: In the smallest or lowest degree; in texture and surface. Weaving: The tie round each band of the warp a degree less than all others.

leather-flower, &.

TAt least, at the least : At or in the lowest deas arranged by the heck. It forms a guide for the weaver in setting the warp in the loom, and insert gree; without saying more; at all events; at any

Bot.: (1) Clematis viorna; (2) Byrsanthes. ing the lease-rods. The word lease has come to rate.

leather-gouge, 8. signify the plane of decussation of the warp.

least pocket-mouse, s.

Saddlery: A tool used to cut channels in leather

for receiving tho thread of a line of stitches.

20ðl.: Cricetodipus parvus. lease-pin, 8.

leather-grinder, 8. A machine for reducing Weaving: One of the pins of a warping-mill, least spotted-woodpecker, 8. [LESSER SPOT

scraps of leather to shreds, in order that the mabetween which the lease is formed. TED-WOODPECKER.]

terial may be made into washers, insoles, and heels lease-rod, s.

least-stitchwort, 8.

for shoes. Weaving: A slat laid transversely across and Bot.: Monchia erecta.

leather-head, s. (FRIAR-BIRD.] between the two bands of the warp.

least willow-wren, 8.

leather-jack, 8. A jug or bottle made of loather; léase (1), v. t. [Fr. laisser=to leave, to relin Ornith.: A popular name for Sylvia rufa. (Yar- a black-jack (q. v.). quish; 0. Fr. lesser, from Lat. laxo=to slacken, to rell.) let go, from laxus=loose, slack, lax.)

leather-jacket, s. *least, conj. (LEST.) 1. To demise, convey, or let lands or tenements to

Bot.: Eucalyptus resinifera. (The Australian another for a term of years, or at will, for a certain

*lēas -ý, *leas-ie, a. (Prob. from A. S. leds= name.) specified rent or payment; to let under a lease.

loose, false.] Deceptive, fallacious, uncertain, leather-leaf, 8. 2. To hold or occupy under a lease. vague, loose.

Bot.: Cassandra calyculata. lēaşe (2), *les-en, v. i. [A. S. lesan=to gather; .

lēat, s. [A. S. ládan=to lead.) An artificial watercourse; a mill-race.

leather-mouthed, adj. Having a mouth like cogn. with Dut. lezen=to gather; Ger. lesen; Goth.

leather; smooth and without teeth. liran.) To glean; to gather grain left by the bar leath'-ēr, *leth-er, 8. & a. [A. S. ledher; cogn. vestmen. with Dut. leder; Ital. ledhr; Dan. læder; Sw.

leather-pebbling machine, s. A machine in

which a fancy surface is given to dressed leather, läder; Ger. leder; Wel. llethr.) “(1) told the witch Agreo my disease-

resembling morocco, levant, hog-skin, or other Agreo that in harvest us'd to lease." A. As substantive:

fancy style. The leather is passed upon a bed Dryden: Theocritus; Idyl. iii

1. The tanned or tawed skin or hide of an ani- beneath a roller having the desired pattern. The lease:-hõld, a.& 8. (Eng. lease, and hold.] mal. The varieties of tanned leather are classed as pattern is given by soft metal, which has been cast A. As adj.: Held under or by a lease. hides, kips, and skins.

upon an original surface of the required character, B. As subst.: A tenure by lease; that which is

2. Dressed hides collectively.

or the pattern of the roller is obtained by taking an held under or by a lease.

*3. The skin: used in contemptor ironically. electrotype copy of some selected piece of leather lēase-hold-ēr, 8. (Eng. lease, and holder.) One

B. As adj.: Made of leather; leathern.

and transferring to the roller. who holds lands, tenements, &c., under or by a Å

leather-plant, s. teatuer.

leather-awl, s. lease.

1. A shoemaker's piercing-tool for stitching or

Bot.: The New Zealand name for Celmisia. *lease'-mon-gēr, s. (Eng. lease, and monger.) la lasting. [AWL.)

leather-punch, 8. A hand-tool for making holes One who deals in leases.

2. A tool for lacing belts. It has a broad point in leather for the insertion of eyelets or lacing.

which fades away into two cutting edges on a conleather-rolling machine, 8. A machine to *lēaş -ēr (1), 8. [English leas(e) (2), v.; -er.) A ical scoop-shaped blade, which makes a clean, cir compress and harden leather, instead of hammer gleaner.

cular cut of the desired size; an eye-point to carry ing it. *lēaş -ēr (2), 8. (A. S. leds=false; Dut. loos; the lacing through.

leather-seller, 8. One who deals in leather. Goth. laus.) A liar. (LEASING.]

leather-back, s.

leather-stuffer, s. A machine or a revolving lēash, *lease, *leese, *leece, 8. (0. Fr. lesse; a

e Zoöl.: Sphargis coriacea, a species of turtle in- chamber in which bides are made supple and Fr. laisse, from Low Lat. laxa, fem. of laxus=lax,

cluded in the genus Sphargis, on account of the roar stuffed with dubbing to make them soft and loose ; Ital. lascio.)

ing noise it sometimes makes. The carapace is pliable. It is the equivalent of the breaking

covered with a dense, coriaceous skin. They grow machine, which is used to break dried hides before I. Ordinary Language:

to a great size. Habitat, the Atlantic and the Med- tanning.' 1. A leathern thong, by which a hawk was heldon iterranean, and the temperate zones of all great the falconer's wrist. oceans. Individuals have been found from six to

leather-winged, a. Having membranous wings,
"A merlin sat upon her wrist,
eight feet in length.

somewhat resembling leather, as a bat.
Held by a leash of silken twist."
Leather-back turtles:

leather-wood, s.
Scott: Lay of the Last Minstrel, vi. 6. Zool.: The genus Sphargis.

Botany : 2. A leathern thong, to hold dogs in couples in leather-board, s.

1. [DIRCA.] coursing.

Leather: A composition of leather scraps and 2. Ceratopetalum, a genus of Australian Cuno. “Even like a fawning greyhound in the leash." paper material ground together and rolled out into niace shakesp.: Coriolanus, i. 6. shoots.

leather-yellow, a.&8. Whitish-yellow. fāte, făt, färe, amidst, whãt, fåll, father; wē, wět, hëre, camel, bēr, thêre; pine, pit, sire, sīr, marine; gó, pots

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lecithin

2494

ledger

Bot.: A tribe of gymnocarpous, or open-fruited lěc-tõr, 8. (Lat.)

*led-captain, 8. One who follows another as lichens, having free, circular, ultimatoly convex Ch. Hist.: Tho second of tho Minor Ordors (q. v.) though led by a string; ! shields with open discs, and placed in a special excipulum.

among the Latins, and the first among the Groeks. toady.

The office-that of reading the church lessons-is ofled-horse, 8. A sumpter-horse ; a spare horse led lē-çi-thin, s. (Gr. lekithos=the yelk of an egg; great antiquity, mention being made of it by Euse- by a servant or attendant for use in case of emer suff. -in (Chem.).]

bius (Hist. Eccles., vi. 42); and the form of ordina: gency. Chem.: This name is applied to several phos. tion now in use is nearly the same as that employed Lē-da, 8. (Gr.) phoretted fatty bodies, of very similar chemical at the close of the fou th century. Lectors exist in and physical properties, derived from brain sub- the Greek Church and among the Copts, Syrians,

1. Class. Antig.: The daughter of Thestius, King stance, nerves, blood, gall, the yelk of eggs, &c., Jacobites, and Nestorians. The Anglican com

of Ætolia, and wife of Tyndarus, King of Sparta, and also from some vegetable substances (maize, munion recognizes lay lectors, who aro set apart

By Jupiter she became the mother of Pollux and &c.), and which appear as constant constituents of for their duty by a special form.

Castor, Helen and Clytemnestra. the cell substance of organized bodies. It is a lěc-ture, s. (Fr., from Lat. lectura, fem. of lec

2. Astron.: (ASTEROID, 38.] viscous body, insoluble in water, slightly soluble in turus, fut. par. of lego-to gather, to read.]

_ 3. Zool.: A genus of mollusks, family Arcad. cold alcohol, but very soluble in boiling alcohol

Eighty recent species are known, the genus being and in ether. From its saturated solution in alco- 1. Ordinary Language:

widely diffused, and 190 fossil species. hol, it crystallizes in radially-grouped needles, *1. The act of reading.

*ledde, pret. & pa. par. of v. (LEAD, v.) which dry up in vacuo to a white powder. It may “In the lecture of holy scripture, their apprehensions "lēd'-den. #lēd -en. 8. [A. S. leden, lyden=lanalso be crystallized from glacial acetic acid. Every are commonly confined unto the literal sense of the text." lecithin is a fat containing only two fatty acid --Browne: Vulgar Errors.

guage; a corruption of Latin.] Language, talk, radicals, the third hydroxyl group being replaced 2. A formal discourse, whether written or not,

dialect.
by ethylen-trimethyl ammonic hydrate (neurine) in
combination with phospboric acid.

delivered upon any subject, especially one intended led -dle, S. (LADY.] (Scotch.)
for instruction.

*lēde, v. t. (LEAD.)
lě-cont-ite, s. [Named aftor Dr. J. L. Le Conte; 3. A reproof; a reprimand from a superior or one
suff. -ite (Min.).]
in authority.

lěd-ě-bou’-r1-a, 8. (Named after M. Lodebour, Min.: An orthorhombic mineral, found in pris.

a botanical author.

II. Technically: matic crystals in a black mass consisting of the

Bot.: A genus of Liliaceæ, tribe Scilleæ. The excrement of bats, in the cave of Las Piedras,

Univ.: The reading or study of work with a pro- bulbs of Ledebouria hyacinthoides are usod in the Comayagua, Central America. Luster vitreous; fessor or tutor.

East Indies as a substitute for squills. colorless, and transparent; taste, saline and bitter. lecture-room, 8. The room or hall in a college

*1ěd-en, 8. (LEDDEN.) Composition: A hydrated sulphate of ammonia, where lectures are delivered; a class-room.

lěd -ēr-ēr-ite, s. [Named after Baron Lederer, soda, and potash.

lěc-ture, v. i. &t. [LECTURE, s.)

by Jackson; suff. -ite® (Min.)] lěc'-tērn, lět'-tērn, 1ěc'-tõrn, *lec-torne, *lec- A. Intransitive:

Min.: An impure gmelinito (q. v.), with some free trone, *lectrun, *leterone, 8. [Low Lat. lectri. 1. To deliver a lecture or lectures.

silica. num=a reading-desk, a pulpit, from lectrum=a

2. To give instruction by means of lectures; as, A 1ěd'-ēr-ite, s. (Named after Baron Lederer, by pulpit; Gr. lektron=a couch, a rest for a book; Fr.

professor lectures on a certain subject. lutrin.) A choir-desk from which the artiphons

Shepard.) and lessons were read. Also the stand from which

Min.: A variety of sphene (q. v.), found in very B. Transitive:

large brown crystals in northern New York and the gospel was sung. They were sometimes con 1. To instruct by lectures: to deliver lectures to.

in Canada. Cleavage distinct. structed of wood, but frequently of brass, in the

"To be conscious, while he is lecturing his students, form of an eagle with outspread wings. that he is either speaking or reading nonsense."--Smith:

lědge, s. [A word of Scandinavian origin; cf. Sw. lěc-ti-ca, s. (Lat.) Wealth of Nations, bk. V., ch. i.

lagg=the rim of a cask; lcel. lögg: Norweg. logg

(pl. legger)=the lowest part of a vessel; from Romain Antiquities: A kind of litteror palangain. 2. To reprimand; to reprovo as a superior.

liggja; Dan. ligge; A. S. licgan=to lie.] borne by horses or slaves, and used for transporting "By this privileged body the great mass of the popula.

I. Ordinary Language: females, sick persons, and ultimately the luxurious tion is lectured every week from the chair of authority."rich, from place to place. They were provided with Macaulay: Hist. Eng. ch. xi.

1. A shelf on which articles can be placed. cushions, canopies, and curtains. 3. To induce or influence into doing anything by 2. A row, a layer, a stratum.

The lowest ledge or row should be merely of stone lēc -tion, s. [Lat. lectionem, accus. of lectio=a a lecture.

closely laid, without mortar."- Wotton: Archit., p. 18. reading, from lectus, pa. par. of lego=to gather, to lěc -tu-rēr, s. (Eng. lectur(e); -er.] read.)

One who delivers lectures or formal discourses on

3. Any prominence or rising part; a ridge risI. Ordinary Language: any subject; especially one who instructs by means

ing above the rest ; especially a ridge or prominence

of rocks rising abovo the sea. 1. The act of reading. of lectures.

"From Bermuda's reefs: from edges 2. A difference or variety in copies of a book or lěc -ture-ship, 8. [Eng. lecture; -ship.) The

Of sunken ledges."-Longfeli-r: Seaweed manuscript; a various reading. post or office of a lecturer.

4. A rim, an edge. II. Ch. Hist.: A term applied in the Early Church "lēc'-tur-ěss, 8. [Eng. lectur(e); -ess.] A female

"I set this vase upon the ledge of the tray, and it was to portions of Scripture read in the public services, lecturer ; a woman who delivers lectures.

nearly falling."-Miss Edgeworth. Moral Tales, i. 244. but now almost entirely confined to the passages

5. A bar for fastening a gato. from the inspired writings, the Acts of the Martyrs .. *Iěc'-tur-īze, v. i. [Eng. lectur(e); -ize.) To de. or Lives of the Saints, and homilies by Fathers and

ectures, to preach.

II. Technically: rch, which are read in the lē-cyth-1-dā -c-29. s. pl. Mod. Lat. Tecuthis 1. Arch.: A small molding, as tho Doric drop Roman office of matins (g. y.).

ledge.

2. Joinery: A piece against which something | 1ếc-lon-ar-, 8. [Eng. lection; -ary.]

Bot.: Lecyths. An order of epigynous exogens,

rests; as the batten on the back of a door, tho filled Church Hist., Eccles., &c.: A book containing

alliance Myrtales. It consists of large trees, with passages of Holy Scripture to be read in the public alternate entire or toothed undotted leaves, and against which a door closes, &c. borvico of the Churchi. minute deciduous stipules. The flowers are large,

3. Mining: A stratum of metal-bearing rock.

4. Print.: A piece of furniture; a stick used in 1. Roman: The oldest known Latin lectionary is showy, tormipal, solitary, or racemose; calyx supe

edging up. (Eng.) that commonly attributed to St. Jerome, and rior; two to six-leaved; corolla of six petals, some

5. Shipbuild.: A thwart-ship piece in the deckknown as the Comes, distinguished as major, if it times cohering at the base ; stamensindefinite epig.

framing. [SHELF-PIECE.) A support for the decks, contained the Gospels and Epistles for the year: nous, par ynous, part formed into a unilateral mass; often

parallel to and intermediate between the beams. as minor if only the beginnings and endings. It is without anthers; ovary inferior, from two to six

celled; fruit a woody capsule; seeds several. They undoubtedly of early date, but the question of

(HEAD-LEDGE.) authorship cannot be decided. The lectionary

aro natives of Guiana and other hot parts of South found by Dom Mabillon in the convent of Luxueil America. Genera seven; known species thirty lědged, a. [Eng. ledg(e); -ed.) Furnished with is interesting as showing that, according to ancient eight.

a lodge or ledges ; as, a ledged door. 2. Anglican: In the article, “Concerning the Bot.: The typical gepus of the order Lecythi- ledge, A.; -ment.] Service of the Church," in thn Episcopal Prayer dacex (av.). Calyx six-lobed: petals six, with sterile Architecture: Book, general rules are laid down as to the reading sta mens attached to a hood-like body. Thirty or 1. A string-course, or horizontal suite of moldings of Scripture in Divine Service; the system of Daily forty species are known, mostly giant trees from such as the base-moldings of a building. and Proper Lessons was established in 1559 : the Brazil Venezuela and Guiana 009; the Brazil, Venezuela, and Guiana. The great woody

The

2. The development of the surface of any solid on tables were drawn up in 1599, and in 1661 the lec- pericarps of the several species are used as drink a plane, so that its dimensions may be readily ob tionary was settled in the form it kept for two con

t for two con- ing vessels. The seeds are large and eatable, but tained. turios,

leave an unpleasant taste in the mouth. Lecythis ledgement-table, 8. #lěc-ti-stēr-ni-ūm, r. [Latin, from lectus=a ollaris, the Sapucaya, is the largest tree in the Bra- Arch.: The same as LEDGMENT (1). couch, and sterno=to strew, to spread out.)

zilian forests. The bark is cut by the Indians into Class. Muth.: A sacrifice of the nature of a feast pieces, and used as wrapping for their cigars. A

Å lědg -ēr, *lēg'-ēr, *leidg-er, *leig-er, 8. & offered to the gods, an evident survival of the idea milky emulsion, prepared from the seeds of I

om the seeds of 1 [Dut. legger=one that lies down, a nether millcommon in early stages of religious development grandiflora, another Brazilian species, is proscribed stone, from 0. Dut. leggen=to le. that divinities actually partook of the otserings for catarrhs.

A. As substantive: presented to them. (See the apocryphal story of lê-cyths. s. pl. (LECYTHIS.)

I. Ordinary Language: Bel and the Dragon.) On occasions of extraordinary solemnity, or in times of public calamity. the Bot.: The name given by Lindley to the order 1. In tho samo sense as II. 1.

*2. An ambassador; one who remains at a foreign Greeks and Romans placed tables with food before Locythidacew (q. V.). images of the gods reclining on couches. Accord 1ěd, pret. & pa. par. of v. &a. (LEAD (2), v.)

court. (Shakesp.: Meas. for Meas. iii. 1.) ing to Livy (v. 13), the first Roman lectisternium

A. As pret. & pa. par.: (See the verb.)

II. Technically: took place A. U. C. 354, when a terrible plague

1. Comm.: Ono of the principal books kept in a affected the cattle. These sacrificial feasts were of B. A8 adjective:

merchant's office, in which is entered an accurato two kinds--ordinary, occurring almost daily (Liv, 1. Guided, conducted, drawn.

summary of all his commercial transactions, ar xlii. 30); and extraordinary, occurring at intervals, 2. A term applied to a farm, estate, &c., not occu- ranged so as to show on one side all the amounts and lasting from three to eight days, or even for a pied by the owner or tenant, also to a district ruled to the debit of the account, and on the other all longor period (Liv. xii. 10). by a deputy. (Eng.)

those to the credit. fāte, făt, färe, amidst, whãt, fall, father; wē, wět, bëre, camel, hēr, thêre; pine, pit, sîre, sir, marine; go, pot,

bg to Lirthe gods placed tab public calextraordit

sel drifting to lee are usod.“o stomach, injections of salt and water

ledger-bait

2495

leer 2. Masonry: A large, flat capstone, over a tomb lee-board, 8.

Care should be taken that they do not enter the for instance.

Naut.: A board lowered on the leo side of a flatmouth or any other cavity

mouth or any other cavity of the body. To destroy 3. Scaffolding : A horizontal pole, parallel to the walls, lashed to the standards or vertical poles, and ing leeway, preventing the vessel drifting to lee

bottomed vessel to act as a temporary keel in avoid.

ting the vessel drifting to lee are usod. supporting the putlogs on which the boards of the bricklayers' scaffold rest.

ward. A center-board is a lee-board, raised and leech-gatherer, 8. Ono who gathers leechos for 4. Sport.: The same as LEDGER-BAIT (q. v.). lowered in a water-tight well amidships.

modical purposes. *B. As adj.: Resting, lying, or remaining on any lee-sange, s.

leech (2), leach, *leetch, s. [Icel. lik=a leochplace; not moving about.

Naut.: An iron across a deck or on the taffrail, line; Sw, lik; Dan. lig=a bolt-rope.] ledger-bait, s. A bait fixed or made to remain tacking. for the sheet of a fore-and-aft sail to slip on in Naut.: The side edge of a square sail. The fora

most edge (for the time being) is the luff or weather in one place. It is used in fishing for barbel or

leech. In a fore-and-aft sail, tho after edge is the

lee-gauge, s. bream.

leech. ledger-blade, 8. The stationary blade with a the wind blows than another vessel has.

Naut.: A greater distance from the point whence

e point whence leech-line, s.

leanhalie rectilinear edge, placed as a tangent to the spirally.

Naut.: A lino attached to the leoch-rope on the bladed cylinder, by which cloth is shorn and the lee-lurch, 8.

edge of a sail, and passing up through a block on nap reduced to a lengtb. Another form of cloth- Naut.: A violent lurch or roll of a ship to loeward the yard, to haul on the leech; as the bunt and shearing machine has a semicircular ledger-blade, in a high sea. and a large revolving wheel containing eight small

leech-lines, the preventer leech-line.

lee-ghore. 8. cutting discs, made to revolve by planetary pinions,

leech-rope, 8. and acting as shears in connection with the odgo of

Sf. Naut.: The shore under the loe of a vessel; the Naut.: That part of a bolt-rope along the vertical the ledger-blade.

shore toward which the wind blows.

edge of a sail. The leeches are hauled by leochledger-book, *leiger-book, *ligier-book, 8. lee-shore." - Marryat: Peter Simple, ch. xv.

“What made it more appalling was that we were on 8 lines, which pass up through blocks on the yards,

and brail up the sail. The same as LEDGER, II. 1. "Many leiger-books of the monasteries Carel still relee-side, s.

*leĒch (1), *leche, v. t. & i. (LEECH (1) 8.] maining."-H. Warton: On Burnet's Hist. Reform., p. 42.

Naut.: The lee of a vessel.

A. Transitive: ledger-line (1), s. The same as LEDGER-BAIT lee-tide, s.

1. To treat with medicine; to heal, to cure. (q.v.).

Naut.: A tide which runs in the same direction as

2. To bleed by the use of leeches. lědg -ēr, lēg -ēr, a. (Fr. léger=light.] Light. tho wind blows.

B. Intransitive: (Only used in the compound.)

lee-way, 8. [LEEWAY.]

1. To practice medicine. 1ědg -8, s. (Eng. ledg(e), s.; •y.) Abounding in

81 ledges.

2. To bleed with leeches.
leě (2), 8. [Fr. lie.) The sediment or coarser
parts of a liquid, which settle at the bottom; now

leëch (2), v. t. (LETCH.] le-di-tăn-nic, a. (Lat. ledum (genit. ledi), and only used in the plural. (LEES.]

leech-tub, s. (LETCH-TUB.) Eng. tannic.) (See the compound.) leditannic-acid, s. leő (3), 8. [LIFE.] (Scotch.)

leēçh'-craft, leche-craft, s. (Eng. leech (1), and Chem.: C28H30015. A variety of tannic acid found

craft.). The art of healing; tho scionco of or skill leē (4), 8. (LEA.)

in medicine. in the leaves of the marsh wild rosemary (Ledum *leē, v. i. (LIE)

leě chez , 8. (LITCHI, 8.) palustre). It is a reddish, inodorous powder, solu. ble in water and in alcohol. Its aqueous solution

lēe-a, 8. [Named after James Lee, founder of leēdş -īte, s. (Named after the place where is colored dark green by ferric chloride. the Hammersmith Nursery.]

found, Leeds, England; suff. -ite (Min.).] le-dix-an-thin, 8. (English ledi(tannic), and It consists of shrubs growing in tropical Asia and

Bot.: The typical genus of the tribe Lecæ (q. v.). Min.: A mixture of gypsum and barytes. canthin(e).

*leēf. *leefe, a. [A. S. leof, lióf.) (LIEF.] Kind, Africa. L. aspera, a Western Himalayan species, fond. willing.. Chem.: CH 03. A reddish-yellow powder, pro- one

pro duced by boiling a solution of leditannic acid with

produces a black succulent fruit, eaten by the sulphuric or hydrochloric acid. It is soluble in wat

leēk, *leke, s. (A.S. leác; cogn. with Dut. look; natives.

Icel. laukr: Dan. logi Sw. lok; Ger. luuch.) alcohol and in the alkalies, and from its solution in lē'-ě-æ, 8. pl. [Mod. Lat. le(ea); Lat. fem. pl. Bot. & Hort.: Allium porrum, a culinary vegetaalcohol it is precipitated as a reddish-brown powder adj.sutf. -eæ.

ble. The stem and leaves aro used in soups and by an alcoholic solution of neutral acetato of lead. Bot.: A tribe of Vitacea (Vineworts). Tho potals

3 stews. The blanched stems are much used by the le-don, 8. (Lat., from Gr. ledon.) (LEDUM.]

are united at the base, the stamens monadelphous, French in their cookery. The Welsh wear it on St.

"J the ovules solitary, no tendrils. Tho stems of Leea David's Day (March 1). The gum of Cistus ledon.

Tho leek of Scripture lē -dūm, s. (Lat.; Gr. lēdon=an Oriental shrub, temporary huts. robusta are used in India for fences, stakes, and (Heb, chhatsir) is probably correctly translated in

Numb. xi. 12. Though this is the only passage in Cistus creticus, on the leaves of which ladanum was found.) (LADANUM)

leēçh (1), *leche, s. [A. S. lớce=a physician: the A. V. rendered leek, yet chhatsir occurs in nineBot.: Labrador-tea; a genus of Ericaceæ, tribe lácnian=to cure; cogn. with Icel. læknir=physi. toen other passages. Rbododendreæ. Calyx four-toothed; petals five, cian; lækna=to cure; Dan. lægera physician: "Seeing now that I am entered thus far into a disspreading : stamens four to ten; capsule five-celled, læge=to heal ; Sw. läkare=a physician: läka=tó course of onions, I shall not do amisse to treate of leekes five-valved; seeds winged. The leaves of Ledum heal; Goth. leikeis, lekeis= a physician; leikinon= also."-P. Holland: Pliny, bk. xix., ch. v. latifolium and L. palustre infused in beer produce to heal: 0. H. Ger. láhhi, láchira physician : [ The Sand-leek is Allium scorodoprasum: the headache, nausea, and even delirium. They have láhhinón=to heal; M. H. Ger. láchenen=to use Wild-leek is d. ampeloprasum, which is indigenous been prescribed in tertian ague, dysentery, and remedios; láchen=a remedy: Ir. & Gael. leighra to the west of Ireland, but only naturalized in Engdiarrhea. Ledum is used in tho tanning of Russian physician; leigheas=a cure. Once the general England. The Stone-leek is A. fistulosum. leather.

To eat the lerk: To retract statements which ledum-camphor, 8. (LEDCM-OIL.)

obsolete in England it was still retained by the one has made. (Shakesp.: Henry V., V.1.)

inhabitants within the Irish pale. (Trench: Eng ledum-oil, s.

l eek-green, s. A green color, rosombling that of lish Past and Present.)]

the leek. Chem.: An oil obtained by distilling the leaves of *I. Ord. Lang.: A physician, a doctor; & prothe marsh wild rosemary (Ledum palustrel. It is a fessor of the art of healing.

*leěke. a. (LIKE, a.) yellowish, viscid oil, lighter than water, and pos

lez-läne, leë -fu-lāne, adv. (Prob. from lee = Bessing a pungent odor. When exposed to the air,

II. Technically:

life, and lane=lono, alone.) All alone. (Scotch.) it gradually solidifies to a crystalline mass, in 1. Zoology: soluble in water, but soluble in alcohol and ether. (1) Sing. : Any individual of the suctorial order i

_ leä'-lăng, a. [English lee (3), and lang=long.]

der Livelong. (Scotch.) It appears to be a mixture of a volatile oil and a Hirudinea, of which the best known examples are

"The thresher's weary flingin-tree, solidified oil (Ledum-camphor). The analysis of the horseleech (9.v.), and the medicinalleech, under

The leelang day had tired me." Ledum-campbor leads to the formula C28H480. which name two species

Burns: The Vision. lee (1), 8. & a. [Icel. hle, hle-bordh=the loe-side: are commonly employed :

leê-lite, 8. (Named after J. F. Lee, of St. John's Cogn. with Dan. ; Sw. ; Dut. lii: A. S. hleo. Hirudo medicinalis, chiefly

College, Cambridge, England.)
Aleor=a covering, a shelter: Prov. Eng. lew=a imported from Germany,
shelter; O. Sax. hleo=protection.]
Bohemia, and Russia ; and

Min.: A variety of compact orthoclase (q. v.), of the Hungarian leech (H.

a doep flesh-red color and waxy luster, found at A. As substantire: officinalis). Grecnish-olive

Gryphyttan, Sweden. 1. Naut.: The side or quarter of a ship opposite to dark green, six yellow

leër, v. i. &t. (LEER, 8.] to that from which the wind blows; the sheltered reddish or yellow bands

A. Intransitive: side; the shelter afforded by an object interposed along the back; numerous and keeping off the wind. black spots on abdomen.

1. To look obliquely or slyly, or with a look ox

Sucker and Jaw of "For now in front her trembling inmates see

The body is composed of

Leech.

I pressive of contempt, malice, or triumph; to throw The hills of Greece emerging on the lee." from 90 to 100 rings, and

sly or arch looks.
Falconer: Shipwreck, iii.
furnished with a discal and a. Anterior extremity of

*2. To sneak away.
caudal sucker. The ante-

Hirudo officinalis, mag12. Hence, any sheltered side.

rior sucker is small, the

nified, showing the *B. Transitive: * He halted, desiring me to take shelter in his lee."

sucker and triradiate 1, To allure with sly or arch looks.

mouth furnished with threo Tindall: Frag. of Science, ch, vii., p. 234.

jaws. b. One of tho 2. To turn slyly or archly; as, to leer one's eye. semicircular tootbed jaws,

jaws detached, showing B. As adj.: Of or pertaining to that side or meeting in a point. Lecches

leër (1), *leare, *lere, 8. & a. (A. S. hleór=the

the semicircular quarter toward which the wind blows; as, the lee grow very slowly, and somo toothed margin.

cheek, the face, a look; cogn. with 0. Sax. hlior= side of a ship years elapse before they ar

the cheek; 0. Dut. lier; Icel. hlýr; Dut. loeren=to $(1) To lay a ship by the lee:

rive at maturity. They are not fit for medical loer, to peep.) Naut.: To place a ship in such a position that purposes before the age of twelve or eighteen A. As substantive : the wind will come right upon her broadside, and months. They inhabit pools and marsby places ;

*1. The cheek, the face. the sails will lie flat against the masts and shrouds. and in the south of France they are bred in large

*2. A face, a countenance: looks. (2) Under the lee of:

marshes chiefly for the continental market. Naut.: On that side which is opposite to that (2) Pl.: The order of Hirudinea.

3. An oblique, sly, or arch look; a look expressive against which the wind blows; on the sheltered 2. Surg.: Leeches are employed for tho local of a feeling of malico, amorousness, or triumph. sido ; protected from the wind.

extraction of blood when cupping is not advisablo. *B. As adj.: Looring; glancing on all sides. boll, boj; pout, Jowl; cat, çell, chorus, chin, bench; go, gem; thin, this; sin, aş; expect, Xenophon, exist. ph = Le

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