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lay

2486

lazaret-fever

81. To lay siege to:
lay-brother, lay-sister, 8.

3. Leather-manuf.: A welt or strengthening strip. (1) Lit.: To beleaguer, to besiege. (2) Fig.: To importune; to annoy with persistent habits and vows of religion, but is employed mostly!

Eccles. & Ch. Hist.: A person who takes the 4. Tanning: A pit containing a strong solution of, solicitations.

bits and vows of religion, but is employed mostly tannin, used for hides near the conclusion of the 32. To lay wait: To lie in ambush for.

in manual labor, and is therefore exempt from the tanning process; a bloomer.

duties of the choir, where such exist, or from the 33. To lay the course :

layer-on, 8. studies, &c., incumbent on the other members of Navig.: To sail toward the port intended without

Print.: A person employed to feed down sheets religious orders where there is no choir. The first tacking.

st into a printing machine. (Eng.) instance on record of lay-brothers occurred in the 34. To lay the land: Naut.: To cause the land apparently to sink, or the eleventh century. Lay-brothers and lay-sisters

monastery of Vallombrosa, in the earlier part oflayer-out, 8. One who expends money; a stew

Lav.brothers and lay sisters ard, a dispenser. appear lower, by sailing from it.

are now universal, or nearly so; and are found in layer-up, 8. 35. To lay the venue: Law: To state or claim a certain place as the the sisterhoods of the Anglican obedience.

1. One who lays up or treasures things. venue,

lay-clerk, 8. A person, not in holy orders, who *2. One who destroys or does away with. 33. To lay violent hands on one's self: To commit was originally a deputy or substitute performing

originally, a deputy or substitute performing lây:-ēr, v. t. [LAYER, 8.] suicide.

the musical duties of a prebend or canon of a ..*37. To lay on load: To strike violently; to lay on cathedral; a lay-vicar (q. v.).

Husbandry: To propagate by means of layers. blows.

*lay-communion, s.

lāy -ēr-böard, lay-ēr-böard-ing, lear-board, “He rides secure in Heroes rode Eccles. & Ch. Hist.: An almost obsolete expres- ing the lead of gutters.

8. (Eng. layer, and board.) Boarding for sustain. Now he begins to lay on load." Ovid Englished (1701), p. 128.

sion, frequent in the Early Church to describe the lāy (1), 8. [LAY, v.]

statė to which a cleric was reduced by forfeiting, *lāy'-ēr-ý, a. (Eng. layer; Y.] Growing in

the right to exercise his functions without being layers. I. Ordinary Language:

excommunicated and losing the ordinary privilä-yətte', 8. (Fr.] The outfit or various articles *1. That which lies or is laid; a row, a layer, a

ra leges of a Christian. In the Roman Church a cleric necessary for a new-born infant. stratum.

in minor orders is reduced to lay-communion by lay'-Ing. pr. par., a. & s. [LAY, v.]

marriage; and a priest dispensed by the Pope from “Upon this they lay a layer of stone, and upon that a lay of wood.” -Mortimer: Husbandry.

his obligation-wearing the clerical dress, reciting A. & B. As pr. par. & particip. adj.: (See the

the breviary, and observing celibacy-is usually verb.) *2. Station, rank.

prohibited from exercising sacerdotal functions. C. As substantive: *3. A wager, a bet, an obligation. (Addis & Arnold.)

I. Ord. Lang.: The act of setting, placing, or “Sir Walter looked upon it as an uneven lay to stako himself against Sir Amias."-Oldys: Life of Sir Walter

lay-corporation, s. (See extract.)

depositing; the act of depositing eggs; a number Raleigh.

"Lay-corporations are either civil or eleemosynary. The of eggs laid.

civil are such as are erected for a variety of temporal II. Technically: 4. A share of profits; specif., the proportion of the

purposes. The sovereign, for instance, is made & corpoproceeds of a whaling voyage, bargained for by the ration to prevent the possibility of an interregnum: other

1. Plastering: The first coat of plastering in twomen when engaging.

lay-corporations are erected for the good government of a coat work. The surface is made rough by & broom 5. A scheme, a plan. (Slang.)

town, and some for the better carrying on of divers to form a key for the next coat. "The lay is just to take that money away." -Dickens: special purposes; as the College of Physicians in London, 2. Rope-making: The twisting of three (or more) Oliver Twist, ch. xlii.

for the improvement of the medical science; the Royal yarns into a strand, or of three strands into a rope.

Society for the advancement of natural knowledge; and The hooks by which the strands are made are II. Technically:

the Society of Antiquaries for promoting the study of rotated in a direction contrary to the twist of the 1. Cotton-manuf.: 120 yards of yarn. The yarn is antiquities. The eleemosynary sort are such as are con opposite yarns. The rope again receives a twist the wound on a reel 4% feet in circumference, eighty stituted for the perpetual distribution of the free alms,

opposite of the strands. revolutions of which make a lay, and seven lays

or bounty, of the founder of them, to such persons as he
has directed. Of this kind are all hospitals for the main-

1 Laying on of hands: (IMPOSITION.]
make a bank of 840 yards. The lay is also called a
rap or ley.

tenance of the poor, sick, and impotent: and all colleges, laying-hook, s.

both in our universities, and out of them."-Blackstone: 2. Flax-manuf.: 300 yards of linen yarn. Comment., bk. i., ch. 14.

Rope-making: One of the iron hooks on the poles 3. Print.: The proper position of the sheet of

of a ropewalk in which the strands are laid as paper and the form of type on the bed of a press or lay-day, s. One of a certain stipulated number twisted. machine, when ready for working of days allowed to a freighter or charterer of a

laying-machine, 8. A machine for laying op 4. Rope: The direction in which the respective vessel for loading or unloading cargo. yarns, strands, &c., are wound in forming them into

yarns into rope.

lay-down, a. A term applied to a certain style a rope, hawser, cable, &c. 5. Wool-manuf.: A quantity of wool or other fiber

laying-on tool, 8. or of collar which folds down over the necktie. in a willow or carding-machine.

lay-fee, 8. Lands held in fee of a lay-lord, as

Bookbinding: The tool with which the gold-leaf

is laid on the cover or the edge. 6. Weaving: The batten or lathe of a loom, by distinguished from those belonging to the Church. which the weft-threads are beaten np in the shed to lay-impropriator, 8. A layman who holds the

who holds the laying-top, s. compact them against their predecessors. [LATHE, great tithes of a benefice. (IMPROPRIATOR.]

Rope-making: A conical piece of wood placed 2.

between the strands, and gradually withdrawn as

lay-investiture, s. lay-cap, s.

the lay progresses, in order to keep the twist well ta Weaving: A slat which lies on top of the reed, tie

Eccles. Law: Investiture with the temporali. the point at which the strands diverge. cand which is grasped by the hand in working the with the

: ties of a benefice, as distinguished from investiture #lāy-lănd, s. (Eng. lay (2), s., and land.] Land lathe or batten. with the spiritualities.

lying untilled; fallow land, pasture land. lay-figure, 8. *lay-lord, 8.

lay-man, s. [Eng. lay, a., and man.] 1. Lit.: An artist's model; a jointed figure to .

Naut.: A civil member of the Board of Admiralty; I. Ordinary Language: clothe in imitation of the human body. to a civil-lord.

1. One of the people, as distinguished from one of 2. Fig.: A character having no existence except lay-sermon, 8. A sermon written or preached the clergy; a man who is not a clergyman. in myth; a typical character. by a layman; a sermon on secular subjects.

"Laymen will neither admonish one another them“Psammetichus, who has served as a lay-figure for so lay-sister, 8. [LAY-BROTHER.]

selves, nor suffer ministers to do it."-Government of the many tales to be draped upon."--Tylor: Early Hist. Man.

Tongue. kind, ch. iv.

lay-vicar, s. One of the officers of a cathedral

2. One who does not belong to any particular pra whose duty it is to sing that portion of the music of lay-race, 8.

fession or pursuit. the services which can be performed by laymen or Weaving: The shuttle-path on the lay of a loom; men in minor orders. In some of the old cathe. II. Art: The same as LAY-FIGURE (1) (q. v.). the shuttle-race.

drals they formed a corporation, often jointly with *lãy-ship, s. (Eng. lay, a.; -ship.] The quality lay (2), 8. & a. [LEA.]

the priest vicars. In many cathedrals the vicars or state of being a layman.

choral were formerly in priest's orders. With cer- läy'-stâll. *laye-stowe, *ley-stall, *101-stal, A. As subst.: A meadow. tain exceptions, in the new cathedrals lay-vicars

S s. (Eng. lay, and stall.). "A luft of daisies on a flow'ry lay they saw." are not in holy orders, and are merely stipendiary

1. A heap of dung; a place where dung is kept. Dryden: Flower and Leaf, 860. singers.

2. A place where milch cows are kept. B. As adj.: Untilled, unemployed.

*lay-woman, 8. A woman not under vows. lăz-ar, *laz-ard, s. (Fr. lazare; Sp. lazaro “Let wife and land lie lay till I return." *layd, pret. & pa. par. of v. [LAY, v.]

from Lat. Lazarus, Gr. Lazaros, the name of the Beaum. & Flet.: Love's Pilgrimage, iii. 8. *lay-en, s.pl. [LAY (2), s.]

beggar in the parable (Luke xvi. 20), a contract. of lây (3), 8. [LATHE (2), 2.]

lay-ẽ, 8. [Eng. lay, v.; her.]

Heb. Eleazar.) A leper; one infected with a filthy | lay (5), lai, 8. [O. Fr. lai, lay; Prov. lais; cf..

and contagious disease. carsic: I. Ordinary Language: Wel. llaisra voice, a sound; Ir. laoi, laoidh=a song,

lazar-house, 8. The same as LAZARETTO (q. v.). & hymn; Gael. laoidh=a verse, a hymn ; A. S 1. One who or that which lays; as bricks or eggs

lazar-like, a. The same as LAZARLY (9.v.). leodh, liódh; Icel. ljódh; O.H. Ger. liod; Ger. lied “The oldest are always reckoned the best sitters and

lăz-ar-ět', lăz-ar-ět'-tő, s. [Ital. lazzeretto=& En sóng.) A song, a ballad, a narrative poem in the youngest the best layers." -Mortimer: Husbandry. simple style and light meter.

2. A stratum, a row, a bed ; a coat or coating of Pay

plague-hospital.] [LAZAR.)

1. A hospital for persons suffering from some conlấy (6), a. & 8. (0. Fr. lai, from Lat. laicus; one body spread over another.

tagious disease: a pest-house. Gr. laikos= pertaining to the people; laos=the “The terrestrial matter is disposed into strata or 2. A building, ship, &c., in which the crew and people.] (LAIC.] layers."- Woodward: Fossils.

passengers of a ship arriving from some infected A. A8 adjective:

3. One wbo wagers or bets.

port are placed in quarantine. 1. Of or pertaining to the people, as distinguished II. Technically:

3. A room or place in large merchant-vessels in from the clergy; not clerical.

1. Brickwork, musonry, dc.: A course of stone or üp.

which provisions and stores for the voyage are laid 2. Of or pertaining to the general body of people, brick; a thickness or bed of puddled clay in a as distinguished from those who are engaged in canal: a bed of mortar or cement.

lazaret-fever, 8. any profession or pursuit.

2. Husbandry: A limb laid a part of its length be Pathol.: A low fever, prevalent in crowded las *3. Uneducated, ignorant, unlearned.

neath the surface of the ground, that it may strike arettos, where the air is overloaded with septic *B. As subst.: The laity. root.

exhalations from the patients. (Dunglison.) fate, făt, färe, amidst, whāt, fåll, father; wē, wět, hëre, camel, hēr, thêre; pine, pit, sire, sir, marine; gó, pot,

Lazarists

2487

lead-chloride

Lăz-ar-ists, Lăz-ar-iteş, 8. pl. (For etym. seo laz-za-10-D1 (laz as lătz), 8. pl. (Ital., from lead from its melted condition, the melting point of det.1 Lazarus, the beggar in the parable.) [LAZAR.) the argentiferous alloy being lower than that of

** Religions Orders: The popular name for the Tbo poorer class of Neapolitans, who idle about, pure lead. When the alloy contains 300 ounces to * Congregation of Priests of the Mission," founded depending for their living upon odd jobs, such as the ton, it is placed in a furnace and a blast of air

v yuo The poorer class of Neapolitans, whoʻisto nbont pura load Wh-by St. Vincent de Paul, in March, 1624, and estab running messages, acting as occasional servants, allowed to play over it, which removes the lead as lished a few years later in the College of St. Lazaro fishing, &c.

oxide and leaves the silver in the pure state. Lead at Paris, whence their name. The Congregation

is of a bluish-white color, and is one of the softest 1 lb., R. (An abbreviation for Lat. librara pound (confirmed by Urban VIII. in 1632) had a threefold weight.) A pound weight.

of metals. It may be cut with the nail, and leaves purpose: tho sanctification of its own members, the

its mark upon paper. Its ductility and tenacity are work of the missions, and the training of an exem- lēa (1), lēy (1), 8. (LAY (1), s.)

low in the scale, but it may be converted into tolerplary clergy. They were expelled from France in 1. Cotton: One hundred and twenty yards of yarn. ably thin sheets, as well as drawn into wire. It 1792 ; allowed to return under Napoleon I.; and, 2. Flar-manufacture: A measure of 300 yards of fuses at 325', and may with difficulty be obtained in under the Restoration, a house was assigned them linen yarn. Also called a lay, rap, or cut.

cubic or octahedral crystals. Its specific gravity is in the Rue de Sévres. The missions in China and 3. Weaving: One of the alternate sets of threads 11:38. The lead of commerce is often nearly pure the Levant, Inft vacant by the suppression of the into which a warp is divided. The whole series is and can be obtained perfectly so by reduction of the Jesuits in 1773, were transferred to the Lazarists. divided into alternate sets, which are to be placed puro nitrate. It is not acted upon by sulphuric They have one house in England, one in Scotland, in the loops of the respective heddles, so as to be and hydrochloric acids, but is readily dissolved by and five houses in Ireland, where they are usually raised and depressed alternately to form the shed dilute nitric and acetic acids. Metallic lead, exknown as Vincentians, from their founder. in which the shuttle traverses.

posed to the action of air and pure water, is powerlăz'-ar-15, a. [Eng. lazar; -ly.) Like a lazar; léa (2), *lay, *ley (2), 8. CA. S. leáh, leá (genit. fully corroded, and as a result the water is found

to have dissolved the oxide of lead. The impurities leahe, ledge); cogn. with Ger. loh = amorass, a of most waters modify this tendency by forming & leprous, full of sores.

wood, a bog; Dan. dialect lei = fellow: Dut. lug = lăs-ar-o'-ni (z as ts), s. pl. (LAZZARONI.)

thin film on the surface of the metal and so preempty.) (LAY (2) s.) A meadow; a grassy plain;

venting any further oxidation. The presence of 'lăz-ar-oňs, a. (Eng. lazar; -ous.) Leprous, grass-land; pasturage.

nitrates and ammonia favor the solution of lead, diseased.

lea-ris, 8. A grassy ridge. (Scotch.)

and sulphates and phosphates diminish the tendlaz -ar-wort, lås-ēr-wort, 8. (LASERPITIUM.] *lēach (1), 8. (LEECH (1).]

ency. As a sanitary precaution, slate cisterns aro

greatly to be preferred to leaden ones. Lead enters *laze, v. i. &t. [A corrupt. of Mid. Eng. lasche, leach-craft, 8. (LEECH-CRAFT.)

into the composition of type-metal, pewter, Britan. lache, lashe, lash or laish=vapid, insipid, slow, from lēach (2), 8. (LEECH (2), s.)

nia metal, and plumbers' solder. The best tests for O. Fr. Lasche (Fr. lâche), from Ital. lasco=lazy, idle,

lead are hydric sulphide, which forms a black sulfrom Lat. larus=lax, loose.)

lēach (3), 8. [A. S. leah; Ger. lauge.] :

phide, and potassic chromate, which gives a yellow A. Intrans.: To live in idleness; to spend one's

1. A vat or chamber in which a body is placed, in

order that its solublo portions may be removed' by time lazily and idly.

precipitate of lead chromate.

4. Knitting machine: soaking and infiltration. It is a filtering operation in B. Trans.: To waste or spend in idleness.

(1) Solder in which various members are imbed. which the liquid removes the soluble matter from He that takes liberty to laze himself, and dull his the material through which it flows. A familiarin

ded, and by which they are attached.

(2) Tho tin socket which forms a haft for the apirits for lack of use, shall find the more he sleeps, the stance is tho ash-leach. In the bark-leach, tho bark ore he shall be drowsy." - Whateley: Redemption of Time is contained between two perforated horizontal

knitting-needle.

5. Min.: Reported to have been found in many (1634), p. 23.

partitions in the leach, the lower one having a localities in thin plates and small globules, in rocks *laze, 8. [LAZE, v.] Laziness, inaction. coiled steam-pipe for heating the contents. The

of various ages and in modern lavas, but mostly in menstruum may be forced through the bark in lâz-1-1ỹ, adv. (Eng. lazy: oly.) Io a lazy, idle

small quantity. Lately, however, it bas been diseither direction by means of pipes furnished with manner; idly, sluggishly. valvos to determine the said current.

covered in a larger amount in the iron and man

ganese ore-bed of Pajsberg, Wermland, Sweden, láz-1-nēss, 8. (Eng. lazy; -ness.)

2. A quantity of wood-ashes through which water

water associated with hematite, magnetite and ha usman

passos, and thus imbibes the alkali. 1. The quality or state of being lazy ; idleness,

nite. Also at Nordmark, Sweden. sloth, indolence; indisposition to action or exertion. lēach, loech, lētch, v. t. & i. (LEECH (3), 8.]

6. Naut.: A plummet or mass of lead used in «Shall we keep our hands in our bosom, or stretch our. A. Trans.: To wash, as wood-ashes, by causing sounding at sea. An ordinary hand-lead weighs belves on our beds of laziness."-Barroio: Sermons, vol.

from 7 to 11 pounds, attached to a line of 20 fathoms tii, ser. 19. separate the alkali Tromsinthrough them, and thus from 7to

length. The line is marked at 2, 3, 5, 7, 10, 13, 15, 17

and 20 fathoms: the numbers between the markg 2. Slowness, sluggishness; as, laziness of motion.

B. Intrans.: To pass through by percolation.

are callel deeps. Thus * by the mark twain." *laz -ing, a. (Eng. laz(e); -ing.) Lazy, slug

leach-tub, s. (LEACHING-VAT.)

" quarter loss 5," "and a half 7," "by the deep 9," gish, indolent.

lēach:-Ing, pr. par., a., & s. (LEACH, v.)

indicate thoso depths respectively. The deep-sea lăz-u-li, 8.

lead weighs 25 to 30 pounds, with a much larger [Prov, lazuli; Fr. & Mod. Latin A. As pr. par. & adj.: (See the verb.) Lanis lazuli, from

line marked at every 10 fathome. Low Lat. lazulum, lazurius, B. As subst.: The act of causing water to pass 7. Pharmacy: Nitrate of lead applied in the form lazur: Sp. & Port. azul=blue.] [AZURE.)

through wood-ashes so as to separato the alkali. of a powder is said to be very valuable in Onychia Min.: (LAPIS LAZULI).

leaching-vat, 8. A vessel in which a material maligna. (Garrod.) lăz-a-lite, s. [LAZULI.)

containing a soluble portion is exposed to the action . Print. A thin plate of type-metal, less than Min.: A monoclinic mineral occurring in crystals, of a solvent, as water, which dissolves and carries type-height. trequently twinned, and also massive. Hardness away the said portion.

B. As ailj.: Made of lead; containing lead; con5 to 6: specific gravity 3-057 tn 3-122; luster vitreous; léach -ý, a. (Eng. leach; -y.] Allowing escape sising moro or less of lead. color azure-blue to a pale greenish-blue; streak or porcolation of liquids; said of soils, &c. white: brittle. Composition : Phosphoric acid 46-8;

lead-aluminate, s.

lệad (1). *led. *leed, 8. & a. (A. S. leád, lead; alumina 31.0, magnesia 13*2; water 6.0=100, identi cogn. with Dut. lood; Sw. & Dan. lod; Ger. loth;

Min.: The same as PLUMBORESINITE (q. v.). cal with the formula Al,02POS + (MgO.FeO)HO. M. H. Ger. lot.)

lead-antimonate, 8. First found crystallized pear Werfen. Salzburg, and subsequently disseminated in a sandstone in Lin- A. As substantive:

Min.: The same as BINDHEIMITE (q. v.). coln Co., Georgia ; and massive at other localities. I. Ordinary Language:

lead antimonial-sulphide, s. láz -š, *laes-ie, *laz-ie, a. (Eng. laz(e); •y.) 1. In the same sense as II.3.

Min.: The same as BOURNONITE and BOULANGEB1. Idle, indolent, sluggish; disinclined for action

“There is a great difference, and discernable even to ITE (a. y.). or exertion; averse to labor; slothful...

the eye, betwixt the several ores; for instance, of lead." 2. Sluggish; moving slowly or sluggishly. Boyle: Works, i. 323.

lead-arming, 8. 3. Tedious, tardy.

2. A small stick of graphito or plumbago used in Naut.: A piece of tallow pressed into the lower 4. ('ausing laziness or indisposition for action or pencils.

part of the sounding-lead, in order to ascertain the exertion; enervating.

3. (PI.): A flat roof covered with sheet-lead. nature of the bottom. (ARMING.] 5. Wicked, vicious, wrong.

4. The came of a diamond-paned or lattice-case- lead-arsenate, 8. lazy-back, 8. ment. (CAMES.]

Min.: The same as MIMETITE (q. v.). Vehicles: A high back-bar to a carriage-seat. It II. Technically: is sometimes made shifting, so as to be removed at 1. Alchemy: Load was known to tho ancients, and

lead-ash, 8. The slag or refuse of lead. will.

assigned to tho planet Saturn, and hence was repre- lead-bath, s. lazy-bed, s. sented by the alchemists by the same sign.

Metal.: A process for the extraction of gold or 2. Archæol., Hist., dc.: Lead is one of the most silver i rom comminuted ore by exposing it mechanAgric.: A method of growing potatoes; the seed a

ed anciently known metals, and is mentioned in the ically to molten lead, with which it forms an alloy. potatoes are placed in rows on the surface of the bi

ne books of Moses. It appears to have been conground, and covered with dung, and soil taken from

founded with the metal tin, Pliny bring the first lead-carbonate, 8. either side.

to distinguish them under the names Plumbum 1. Chem.: PbCO=COPbO", tho white lead of the lazy-bones, s. A lazy fellow; an idler.

nigrum and Plumbum candidum, because of their painter. It is produced by exposing metallic lead *lazy-boots, subst. A lazy, idlo person; a lazy. different colors.

to the action of weak vinegar in the presence of car. bones.

3. Chem.: Symbol Pb". Atomic weight, 207. A bonic acid arising from decomposing spent tan, lazy-jack, 8. A jack with compound lovers on tho a gos. The lead of commerce is almost all obtained load. A gradual process of oxidation goes on, the

diatomic metallic element known from the earliest which is placed in immediato contact with the principlo of the lazy-tongs.

from the native lead sulphido, which occis in oxide formed being slowly converted into carbon. Jazy.tongs. 8. pl. A system of lovers, in pairs, veins. It is extracted from the native ore by roast- ate. It is then pulverized to an impalpablo powder crossing one another, and turning on a pin in the ing in a reverberatory furnace, with one-twentieth under water. middle, in the same inanner as a pair of scissors. part of limo, and allowing free access of air. The 2. Min.: The same as CERUSSITE (q. v.). Pach pair is connected at the extremities to the oro (PbS) passes through several stages during best pair or pairs, so that the impulso communi. the process of reduction, but finally yields up its lead-coloride, 8. cated to the first pair passes through the series. sulphur as sulphurous acid. The metallic Icad 1. Chem.: PbCl2. Obtainod by precipitating a 80The motion is used in many appliances and ma- still containing silver, antimony, and copper, is run lution of lead pitrate by hydrochloric acid. It is chine The instrument derives its name from the off and submitted to the desilverization process soluble in thirty-three parts of boiling water, and fact that by its use one may lift an object at some (Pattison's), which consists essentinlly of a concen- crystallizes in delicate six-sided noodles. distance without rising from tbe chair or couch. tration of the silver by ropeatedly crystallizing the 2. Min.: The same as COTUNNITE (q. v.). doil, boy; podt, Jowl; cat, cell, chorus, chin, bench; go, gem; thin, this; sin, aş; expect, Xenophon, exist. ph=

lead

2488

leaden

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- lead chloro-carbonate, s.

lead-poisoning, 8.

8. To have a direction or tendency toward; to Min.: The same as CROMFORDITE (q.v.).

Med.: Painters' colic; characterized by a blue conduct. (Shakesp.: Sonnet 129.) lead-chromate, 8. line along the gums, with dropped wrist indicative 9. To hold the first place among; to guide; as,

Mr. — of paralysis, swelling of the tongue; occasionally, Min.: The same as CROCOITE (q. v.).

led the violins. pains in the stomach, bowels, and bones, with debil. 10. To pass, to spend. lead-chromomolybdate, s.

ity and emaciation. The only remedy is the elimi "To fancy the man of wit as leading a very agreeable Min.: A red variety of WULFENITE (q. v.), con nation of the lead from the system.

life." -Goldsmith: On Polite Learning, ch. X. taining chromium. lead-pot, s.

11. To cause to spend or pass; as, to lead a person lead-chromophosphate, s.

Metal.: A crucible or pot for melting lead. a miserable life. Min.: An orange-red variety of Pyromorphite lead-selenate, s.

II. Cards: To begin a round or trick with; as, to (q. v.), containing chromium.

Min.: The same as KERSTENITE (q. v.).

lead a heart.
lead-colic, s.
lead-selenide, s.

B. Intransitive:
Pathol.: Colic produced by lead poisoning (q. v.).
Min.: The same as ClausTHALITE (q. v.).

I. Ordinary Language:
lead-colored, a. -
lead-shot, s. [Shot, s.]

1. To go before and show the way. Bot.: Slate gray, with a slightly metallic luster. lead-sinker, 8.

"Lead, then,' said Eve. He, leading, swiftly rolled In tangles.”

Milton; P. L., ix. 631 comb made of lead, used for the Knitting-mach.: One of the devices which alter. purpose of darkening the hair. nate with the jack-sinkers in the depression of the

2. To have a direction toward; to conduct. lead-cutter, 8. loops between the needles. The lead-sinkers are all

"The mountain-foot that leads toward Mantua."

Shakesp.: Two Gentlemen of Verona, v. 2 Print.: A knife for cutting leads which are held attached to ono bar, called the sinker-bar, and are in a tray the while. raised or lowered all together.

3. To have the position of commander, director,

or chief. lead-filat, 8. A level roof, consisting of sheet-lead lead sub-sesquichromate, s. laid on boarding and joists. Min.: The same as PHENICOCHROITE (q. v.).

4. To be faster than another; to be first. lead-furnace, s. The furnace by which the ores lead-sulphate, s.

“Marmora led to the drain,”-Field, of lead are reduced to the metallic state. The sul

5. To have the post of preominence or proce

Min.: The same as ANGLESITE (q. v.). phuret, commonly known as galena, is the principal

dence; as, to lead in an orchestra source from which the pure metal is derived. The

lead sulphate-carbonate, s.

6. To entice, to draw on, to induce; as, Gambling

leads to other vices.

Min.: The same as LANARKITE (q. v.). ore, having been picked, is broken and washed to separate earthy and siliceous matters. It is then lead sulphate-tricarbonite, s.

II. Cards: To play the first card in a round or roasted until about half the charge is converted into sulphate of lead, when this and the portion which

trick; to have the lead. Min.: The same as LEADHILLITE and SUSANNITE

T (1) To lead off : To make a start; to do any. remains intact are thoroughly mixed, and the heat (9. V.):

thing first. rapidly increased, by which means sulphurous-acid lead-sulphide, 8.

(2) To lead on: To entice, to allure; to draw on. is driven off, and pure metallic lead remains.

Min.: The same as GALENITE (q. v.).

"Appoint him a meeting, give him a show of comfort, lead-glance, s.

lead-telluride, s.

and lead him on with a fine-baited delay."-Shakesp. Min.: The same as GALENITE (q. v.). .

Merry Wives of Windsor, ii. 1.

Min.: The same as ALTAITE (q. v.). lead-gray, s. & a. lead-tree, s.

(3) To lead up to: To maneuver so as to gain an A. As subšt.: A color resembling lead. Chem.: The same as ARBOR DIANA and ARBOR

lēad (2), 8. (LEAD (2), v.] B. As adj.: Of a gray color like lead; loaden gray. SATURNI. lead-lights, 8. pl. A form of casement window lead-tungstate, s.

I. Ordinary Language: in which small panes are fixed in leaden cames, Min.: The same as STOLZITE (q. v.).

1. Precedence; the first place; guidance. which are attached to cross-bars called saddle-bars.

lead-vanadate, s.

"The party which takes the lead there has no longer lead-like, adv. As heavy as lead; like lead.

any apprehensions." --Burke: On a Regicide Peace, let. & Min.: The same as VANADINITE (q. v.). lead-line, 8. lead-vitriol, s.

2. A navigable opening or passage through a field Naut.: A sounding-line.

of ice. Min.: The same as ANGLESITE (q. v.).

3. A watercourse, a lade (q. v.). lead-mill, 8. A circular disc of lead with an

lead-work, s. abradant powder, used by the lapidary for roughing

II. Technically:

1. Those parts of a building or other structure in and grinding.

which lead is the chief material used.

structure in 1. Cards: The right of playing the first card in a lead-mine, 8. A mine from which lead or lead. 2. (PI.) A place where lead is extracted from the route

round or trick; the card or suit so played. ore is obtained.

2. Engineer.: The distance from an earth-cutting ore.

to an embankment. lead-molybdate, 8. lặad (1), v. t. (LEAD (1), s.]

3. Mining: A lode or vein of ore. Min.: The same as WULFENITE (q. v.).

1. Ord. Lang.: To cover or fit with lead in any. 4. Music: A point or short passage which has to lead murio-carbonate, s. way.

be given out by one particular part. When the Min.: The same as CROMFORDITE (q. v.).

“He fashioneth the clay with his arm, he applieth word is used as a direction, it calls attention to the

himself to lead it over; and he is diligent to make clean importance of that point. lead-nail, s. the furnace."-Ecclus, xxxviii. 30.

5. Sawing: The overhang of a saw, to extend the 1. Ord. Lang.: A small, round-headed, copper 2. Print.: To space outor widen the space between

cut throughout the length of the saw and to carry

1 alloy nail, used for fastening lead-sheets on roofs. lines by inserting leads between them.

it back in the kerf during the return stroke. 2. Naut.: A scupper-nail.

6. Steam-engine: lead (2), *lede (pa. t. *ladde, *ledde, led; pa. par. i) An arrangement of the ports of a steam-valve lead-ocher, lead-ochre, s.

*lad, *ylad, led), v. t. & i. [A. S. ldedan (pa. t. by which steam is admitted in front of the piston a Min.: The same as MASSACOT (q. v.).

lóedde, pa. par. láded)=to show the way; lád=a little before the end of the piston-stroke. Also an

path, a way. from lidhan=to travel, to go; cogn. arrangement of the ports to provide for the escape lead-ore, 8.

with Icel. leidha=to lead: from leidh=a way; from : Min.: The same as GALENITE (q. v.).

of the steam from behind the piston before the lidha=to go, to pass, to move along; Sw. leda=to completion of the stroke. When on the steam side Brown and Green Lead ore=Pyromorphite and lead: from led=a way, a course; from lid=to pass, it is called outside lead; when on the exhaust it is Mimetite: Red Lead ore=Crocoite; White Leadi ore to go on; Dan. lede=to lead; from led=a gate; inside lead. It tends to check the velocity of the =Cerussite; Yellow Lead ore=Wulfenite. from lide=to glide on: Ger. leiten=to lead; from

piston at the end of the stroke, and allows of the lead-oxide, s.

0.H. Gier. lidan=to go, to go away; Dut. leiden= valve being open and ready to admit a larger supply 1. Chem. (pl.): Pb (protoxide), litharge, PbO2 to load; Goth. ga-leithan=to go; pa. t. ga-laith;

of steam the instant the motion of the piston is (dioxide), 2PbO, PbO2 red lead. The protoxide is pa. par, gu-lithans.]

reversed. usually obtained by oxidation of the metal in a cur- A. Transitive:

(2) The setting of the crank of one engine a little rent of air, in which case it forms a scaly mass of a

I. Ordinary Language:

in advance of the right angle to the other: viz., at yellow color; specific gravity=9.2.

100° or 110° in placo of 90°. This assists in rendering 2. Min.: The same as MASSICOT and MINIUM 1. To guide or conduct with the hand.

the motion of the piston more uniform, by moder (q. v.).

"They thrust him out of the city, and led him unto the ating its velocity at the end of the stroke. Called lead-oxychloride, s. brow of the hill."--Luke iv. 29.

also lead of the crank. Min.: The same as MATLOCKITE and MENDIPITE 2. To conduct; to guide or direct in the move .7. Theat.: The leading or principal part; also.

the person who plays it. ments. (q. v.).

Gabriel, lead forth to battle these my song

lead-harness, 8. The harness appertaining to lead oxychloro-iodide, 8.

Invincible."

Nilton: P.L., VI. 46. the leading horses of a team, differing from that Min.: The same as SCHWARTZEMBERGITE (q. v.).

3. To guide by sh

ct, to used with wheelers or thillers, wbich has breeching lead-palsy, s. direct.

to enable them to hold or push back the vehicle. Pathol.: Palsy following or accompanying Paint. “When thou goest, it shall lead thee.”—Prov. vi. 22. ers' Colic (LEAD-POISONING), though it may ariso

lặad -ěd, a. [Eng. lead (1); ed.]

4. To precede; to introduce by going first. independently of it.

1. Ord. Lang.: Fitted or provided with lead. "I have received much honor by your presence, lead.pencil. s. A marking and drawing instru.

2. Print.: Separated by thin slips of lead, as lines

And ye shall find me thankful. Lead the way, lords." in printing. ment, made by inclosing a slip of graphite (com

Shakesp.: Henry VIII., v. 4. monly called plumbago, or black-lead) in a casing 5. To keep in front of; to be faster than.

load'-en, *led-en, a. (Eng. lead (1); en.] of wood. This is generally round or hexagonal, but large pencils for the use of carpenters and others “Goldhawk had no difficulty in leading and beating

I. Literally:
Jupiter."-Field.

s 1. Made of lead; consisting of or of the nature of are sometimes made oval in section. lead-phosphate, 8.

6. To guide; to show the method of attaining. Tead.
7. To induce, to prevail.

“A leaden tower upheaves its heavy head, Min.: The same as PYROMORPHITE (q. v.).

"What I did, I did in honor,

Large leaden arches press the sliiny bed." lead-plant, s. Led by the impartial conduct of my soul."

Fawkes: Temple of Dullness, Bot.: A popular name for Amorpha canescens.

Srukesp.: Henry IV., Pt. 11., v. 2. 2. Of the color of lead; dark; as, a leaden sky. fate, făt, färe, amidst, whãt, fâll, father; wē, wět, hëre, camel, hêr, thêre; pine, pit, sïre, sir, marine; gó, pot, DACIAI characteristic.

8 One section of a fan.

readen-colored

2489

leaf-bud *II. Figuratively:

with carbonate of lead, represented by the formula ladş-man, 8. (Eng. lead's, and man.) 1. Sluggish, inert; indisposed to action or ex

PbOS03+3PbOCO2. Found with other lead minerals Naut.: The sailor who heaves the lead in soundertion.

at Leadhills, Lanarkshire, Scotland, and sparingly ing. "(He) blushed and pouted in a dull disdain, at a few other localities.

lead'-wõrt, s. (Eng. lead, and wort.] With leaden appetite, unapt to toy."

lēad -ing, pr. par., a. & 8. (LEAD (2), v.) Shakesp.: Venus and Adonis, 84.

Botany: A. A8 pr. par.: (See the verb.) 2. Heavy, dull, gloomy, melancholy.

1. Sing.: The genus Plumbago, and spocially 8. Heavy, deep.

B. As adjective:

Plumbago europæa. It is used by beggars to pro « Now leaden slumber with life's strength doth fight."

1. Guiding, conducting, serving to guide.

duce ulcers in order to excite the compassion of the

benevolent. Its root contains a fat which stains Shakesp.: Rape of Lucrece, 124.

Truncheon or leading staff he lacks." 4. Stupid, absurd.

Scott: Lord of the Isles, iv. 13.

the skin a lead-gray color.

2. Pl.: The name given by Lindley to the order leaden-colored, a. Dull gray, resembling lead 2. Going in front; front.

Plumbaginaceae (q.v.). in color

“M. Manlius, who had been consul two years before, lễad -ý. *led-y, a. (Eng. lead (1), S.; y.) Per"The low moan of leaden-colored seas."

rushed to the place and threw down the leading assail. Tennyson: Enoch Arden, 613. ant."-Lewis: Cred. Early Roman Hist. (1885), ii. 331.

- taining to or resembling lead; like lead; leaden. leaden-hearted, a. Destitute of feeling. 3. Alluring, enticing, drawing; as, a leading at

"His ruddy lippes wan, and his eyen ledy and holowe."

-Sir T. Elyoi: The Governor, bk. ii., ch. xii. ** leaden-hearted men, to be in love with death !". traction. Thomson: Castle of Indolence, ii. 54. 4. Chief, principal, capital.

lēaf, #leafe, *lef, *leef, s. [A. S. leaf (pl. leáf); *leaden-heeled, a. Moving slowly; slow, tardy. 5. Constituting a precedent; showing the way; cogn. with 0. Fris.laf; 0. Sax. lof; Dut.loof; Icel. as, a leading example.

lauf; Sw. löf ; Dan. löv, Goth. laufs (pl. laubos); *leaden-paced, a. Slow in moving; tardy. . C. As subst.: The act of guiding, conducting,

O. H. Ger.laup: M. H. Ger. loup; Ger. laub; Russ. leaden-spirited, a. Dull, depressed. ruling, enticing, or drawing on; guidance.

8: lopeste; Lith. lápus=a leaf; Gr. lepos-a scale.] ** Lean-fac'd leaden-spirited saturnists."-Davies: Hue leading-axle. 8. An axle ahead of the driving.

I. Ordinary Language: sors: Heaven on Earth, p. 10. leaden-stepping, adj. Moving slowly; tardy.

1. In the same sense as II. 2. wheels in locomotives.

2. A relatively thin and wide object having a flat (Hilton: Ode on Time.)

leading-block, s.

surface; as *leaden-witted, a. Dull, stupid.

Naut.: One for guiding the direction of a pur. (1) The leaf of a book or manuscript, having a * Belike. then. all we university men were leaden. chase or rope.

page on each of its opposite sides. eitted,"-Fuller: Abel Redivivus (Works, ii. 243). leading-buoy, 8.

“Turne over the leaf and chene another tale." lēad - ēr, *led-er, *leed-er, 8.

Chaucer: C. T., 3,287. (Eng. lead (2), Naut.: A buoy placed as a guide in sailing. V.; -er.)

(2) A valve or hinged member of a bridge, table, leading-hose, 8. The hose from which the water door, shutter, binge, or screen. I. Ordinary Language: of a tire-engine is discharged,

"The two leaves of the one door were folding."-1 Kings 1. One who or that which leads; one who guides leading-light, s.

v. 34. or conducts; one who shows the way; one who does anything first; a guide, a conductor.

Naut.: One character of light as displayed for (3) One member of a pair of lock-gatos.

:) A hinged platform for a ferry or wharf boat: the benefit of soamen on a coast. Two lights are 2. A captain, a comniander, a general.

exhibited from two towers; one may be higher than also called an apron. * Ye song of Greece ! partake your leader's care ;

the other, so as to confer a special characteristic. Fellows in arms, and princes of the war!"

(5) A tooth of a pinion. Pope: Homer's Iliad, ix. 23.

Certain bearings as to channel are indicated when (6) One section of a fan.

the lights are seen in one line, the opening of the (7) A thin sheet of hammered gold or silver. 8. The chief of a party, faction, profession, &c.

lights on either side of their conjunction indicating (8) One of the elevating flaps of a rifle-sight. 4. A leading article in a newspaper; an editorial when to tack. Other indications may be given by (9) The brim or a nat. article.

the conjunction, according to the nature of the case. “Harry let down the leaf of his hat."-Brooke: Fool of “He only read one newspaper, innocent of leaders."

leading-note, 8.

Quality, ii. 129. G. Eliot: Adam Bede, bk. v.., ch. lii.

Music: The seventh degree of the ascending maior*3. A portion of fat lying in a separate fold or 5. One of the leading or front horses in a team of se scale. It is called leading because of its tendency

yer. four or more, as distinguished from the wheelers, or

to riso or lead up to the tonic. The lastian or II. Technically : those nearest the vebicle; or the foremost of two i

Ionic mode was the only church scale having a lead- 1. Arch.: An ornamentroprosenting or resembling a tandem.

ing note. In consequence of the leading note formthe leaves or foliage of certain plants or trees. * For wbeelers, two bays, and for leaders two grays." ing part of the upper of the two tetrachords of 2. Bot.: A fiat expansion divisible into two simi.

Barham: Ingoldsby Legends; Black Mousquetaire. which the modern scale is formed that tetrachord lar portions, often halves, by a vertical plane ts. The primary or terminal shoot of a tree. is by some called characteristic.

running through the apex and point of insertion. II. Technically:

leading-part, s.

The under or outer surface generally differs from 1. Mach.: A master wheel or principal wheel in a 1. Naut.: The portion of the tackle between the the upper or inner in color, structure, and in the piece of machinery. fall and the standing part. It is that portion which

nature and appendages of the epidermis. On the 2. Mining: A small vein of ore: indicating proz. passes over the sheaves. The fall is that which, in lower part of the stem or base of a shoot are the imity to a larger lode, usually leading thereto. pulling or easing, does not reach the sheaves.

scale-leaves or phyllades; above these are the ordi. 3. Music: The name of the principal first violin 2. Theat.: The principal or chief part in a play.

nary foliage leaves, and above these again, below ist, in an orchestra; of the chief clarinetist in a

the flowers, are the bracts. The foliage leaves are

leading-question. s. A question in which the the chief organs of assimilation, and develop large military band; and of the chief cornet-player in a

quantities of chlorophyll, their form and appear. bras, band. Before the introduction of a separate

answer is suggested. conductor. the leader of an orchestra was its di. leading-rod, 8. A rod used in draw-boring and ance being very varied. The bracts are generally

smaller. The foliage leaves and calyx and corolla rector, and gave the tempo with his fiddle-bow, a polishing the bores of rifle-barrels. custom which has led to the use of a fiddle-bow as

leaves become transformed into sta mens. and these leading-screw, s.

modified into carpels. A leaf is called also a a baton in France. [CONDUCTOR. 4. Naut.: A thimble for conducting or guiding a

Lathe : The longitudinal screw between the shears Phyllome. A leaf consists of two parts, a stalk, rope which passes through it; a fair-leader.

of a lathe, by which the slide-rest is moved longi- called the petiole, and an expanded surface termed 5. Plumb.: A rain-water pipe to conduct th tudinally on the lathe-bed.

the blado orlamina. (McNab, &c.) When the petiole water collected by the spouting to the ground.

leading-springs, 8. pl. The springs fixed upon is absent the leaf is said to bo sessile. 6. Print. (pl.): Dots on a line to lead the eye the leading axle-box of a locomotive engine, bear

3. Weaving: Tho heddles which are connected to

the same shaft, and moved at the same time. The across the page or column are called leaders; as: ing the weight above.

leaf is connected with a treadle by a cord. The Anchor................................ page 94 *leading-staff, s. The staff or baton of a field

number of leaves is according to the requirements 7. Pyrotechnics: A long paper tube of small di. marshal.

of the pattern, and forms the set of the draft. Thug ameter, inclosing a strand of quickmatch, usod for leading-string, s. A string by which children there are five-leaf patterns, eight-leaf patterns, &c. communicating fire rapidly from one point to aro supported when they are learning to walk.

(1) To take a leaf out of one's book : To follow apother. Quickmatch thus inclosed burns much T To be in leading-strings: To be in a state of the example of; to imitate." more rapidly than in the open air.

dependence on others; to be a puppet in the hands (2) To turn over a new leaf: To change one's 8. Survey. The forward one of the two chain- of others.

mode of life; to adopt a new and better way of liv. carriers.

leading-wheel, 8. A wheel of a locomotivo en

ing. leader-hook, s. A hold-fast hook clasping a gine, placed before the driving-wheels.

leaf-bearing, a. Having appendages more or leader or rain-water pipe, and having its tang lệad -ing. s. (Eng. lead (1). s.: ing. Lead less resembling a leat. driven into the wall of the house.

work; the leaden flashings of a house : articles of Leobearing worms: lead-ēr-ětte', 8. [A dimin. from leader (q. v.).] lead generally.

Zool.: The family Phyllocidæ (q.v.). Their popu. A short editorial article or paragraph in a paper.

lar name is derived from a series of foliaceous

*lēad -ing-1ý, adv.. [Eng. leading, a.; -ly.] In lamellw on each side the body, somewhat resemléad -ērş, 8. pl. (LEADER, II. 6.) a loading manner; by leading or drawing on.

bling elytra. They are, in reality, the cirri metalead -ēr-ship, s. (English leader; -ship.] The *lčad -ish, a. (Eng. lead (1), s.; -ish.] Some- morphosed into leaf-like appendages. (Duncan.) office or position of a leader; guidance, premier- what like lead.

leaf-beetle, a Any beetle feeding on leaves; ship.

"He was greatly emaciated, and of a yellow and leadish especially applied to the family CHRYSOMELIDÆ. lčad -hill-ite, s. (Named after the place where complexion."--Trans. of Philosophical Society, xlvi. 17. leaf-bridge, s. A form of drawbridge in which first found, Leadbills : sufr. -ite (Min.).)

lčad -1ěss, a. [Eng. lead (1), s. ; -less.] Having the rising leaf or leaves swing vertically on hinges. Min.: A mineral regarded as orthorhombic, but no lead; not loaded with a bullet.

One form of bascule comes under this description. according to Laspeyres monoclinic; in crystalli.

“Can none remember that eventful day, tation hemihedral; giving a peculiar rhombohe.

leaf-bud, 8,

That ever glorious, almost fatal fray, dral aspect to twipned crystals. Cleavage very

When Little's leadless pistol met his eye?"

Bot.: A bud, developing into a leaf, as distinct perfect. Hardness, 2:5; specific gravity, 6.26 to 6.44.

Byron: English Bards and Scotch Reviewers.

from a flower-bud, developing into a flower. Leaf. Luster of cleavage-face, poarly, otherwise some- *lēad-man, s. (Eng. lead (2), v., and man.) 2

buds consist of scales imbricated over each other, what adamantine. Color white, yellow, green, or

the outer being the hardest, surrounding a minute gray; transparent to translucent; somewhat sec. One who bogins or leads off in a dance.

cellular axis or growing point. They may be reguGile. Composition, according to Dana, a sulphato loadş, s. pl. (LEAD (1), 8. II. 4.)

lar, adventitious, or latent. boil, boy; pout, Jowi; cat, cell, chorus, chin, bench; go, gem; thin, this; sin, ag; expect, Xenophon, exist. ph = £

leaf-butterflies

2490

leam

lear-butterflies, 8. pl.
leaf-valve, 8.

a nautical league 3-457875 statute miles. A Sparish Entom.: The genus Kallima (q. v.).

Pumping-engine: A clack-valve: a valve hinged league is 7,416 English yards. A Portuguese league

3.84 English miles. An Italian league is 4 miles, of leaf-crowned, a. Crowned with leaves or foli. or pivoted on one side; a flap-valve.

5,000 feet each. A French land league is rather less age,

lēaf, v. i. (LEAF, 8.] To shoot out or produce than 2 English miles: a French nautical league leaf-cup, 8. leaves or foliage.

rather more than 3% English miles, and a French Bot.: Polymnia uvedalia.

“Most trees fall off the leaves at autumn; and if not astronomical league about 2% English miles.

kept back by cold, would leaf about the solstice." leaf-cutters, s. pl. Browne: Vulgar Errors, bk. ii., ch. vi.

*league-long, a. Of the length or breadth of a lēaf-age (age as ig), subst. (Eng. leaf ; -age.]

En lest. Entom.: A popular name for the hymenopterons

league. genus Megachile (q.v.), from their habit of cutting Leaves collectively; foliage.

lēag-uēr (1), lea-gre, 8. (Dut. leger (genit. portions of the leaves of trees and plants to line

lager) =a couch, a camp.]

“The trees are heavily clothed with leafage."-Garden 1. The investment or beleaguering of a town ; & their nests. Called also Leaf-cutting or Upholstorer ers' Chronicle, No. 410, p. 599 (1881).

siege. bees.

lēafed, adj. (Eng. leaf ; ed.). Having leaves; 2. One who besieges a town. leaf-cycle, s. generally in composition, as broad-leafed, &c.

“The stubborn wall that mocks the leaguer's art, Bot.: The course of a spiral on a stem from any lēaf-i-něss, s. (Eng. leafy: -ness.) The quality And palls the patience of his battled heart." one leaf to the next one which stands vertically or state of being leafy or full of leaves.

Byron: Lara, ii. 11 abuve or below it.

lēaf -lēss, a. [Eng. leaf; -less.] Destitute of or 3. A camp of a bosieging army. leaf-fat, leaf-lard, 8. Fat or lard lying in without leaves; having no leaves.

"Like to a gipsy camp, or a leaguer after a battle." layers within the body of an animal. leasless-plants, s. pl.

Longfellow: Evangeline, i. 5. leaf-footed, a. Phyllopodous, having tho feet Bot.: Plants having the petiolo of the leaf with

lēag-uēr (2), 8. (Eng. leagu(e), v.; -er.) One fat, loafy, and gill-like.

who joins in a league; a confederate.

me out the lamina, as in some acacias. “The Phyllopoda, or leaf-footed Entomostraca."— Wood:

1 Land-leaguer: A member of the Land League lēaf-lěss-něss, subst. (Eng. leafless; -ness.) The (q. v.) ; one who supports the policy of the Land Nlus. Nat. Hist., iii. 633.

quality or state of being leafless or destitute of League. leaf-insects, s. pl.

leaves. Entom.: The genus Phyllium (q. v.). The popular lēaf-lět, 8. (Eng. leaf; dimin. suff. -let.)

lēag-uěr (3), 8. (Etym. doubtful.) A large sort

of cask. pamo has reference to the resemblance these insects

1. Ord. Lang.: A printed slip of paper. boar to dried and with

*lēag-uēr, v. t. (LEAGUER (1), s.) To beleaguer;

2. Bot.: One of the primary divisions of a com- to besioge. ered leaves. Called also Walking-leaves. pound leaf.

“Two mighty hosts a leaguer'd town embrace." leaf-lard, 8. (LEAF. | leaf-, a. (Eng. lear; -.0 Full of or covered

Pope: Homer's Iliad, xviii. 593. FAT.) with loaves; abounding with leaves.

*leaguer-lady, 8. A contemptuous term for a leaf-like, a. league (1), s. (Fr. ligue, from Low Lat. liga, soldier's wife. (Scotch.)

/ lega=a league, from Lat. ligo=to bind; Ital. lega *lēag-uēr-ēr, 8. 1. Ord. Lang.: Like a

[Eng. leaguer, v.; er.) One =a league: Sp. liga=a band, an alliance.] leaf or leaves ; folia.

mom who beleaguers or besieges a town.

1. A combination or union between two or more ceous,

persons for the promotion of mutual or commonlēak, *leke, s.& a. (Icel. leki; Dut. lek; Dan. 2. Bot.: The same as

Leaf-insect.

interests, or for the execution of any design in läk=leaky; läkke=a leak; Sw. läck=leaky, leak.) FOLIACEOUS (q. v.).

common. (Phyllium siccifolium.) leaf-louse, 8.

A. As substantive: 2. A treaty, alliance, or confederation between two or more sovereigns or governments for mutual of the passage of water or any fluid either in or

1. A breach, crack, crevice, or hole which admits Entom.: A popular name given indiscriminately to any of the Aphides (q. v.); a plant-louse. aid and defense. An offensive league or alliance is

out. when two or more states agree to unite in attacking leaf-metal, s. a common enemy; a defensive league is when the

“One leak will sink a ship, and one sin will destroy a 1. Gold-leaf; hammered gold. contracting parties agree to assist each other in

sinner."-Bunyan: Pilgrim's Progress, pt. ii. 2. Bronze leaf, or Dutch leaf. The qualities are their defense against a common enemy.

2. The oozing or passing of water or other fluid known as: Common, soft, reddish color, composed (1) Anti-corn-law League: (ANTI-CORN-LAW.] through a breach, crack, crevice, or hole, either in of zinc 1, copper 3; French, harder, less ductilo, (Eng.)

or out. yellow, larger proportion of zinc; Florence, green (2) Land League:

*B. As adj.: Leaky. (Spenser: F. Q., I. v. 35.) ish-gold color, still larger proportion of zinc.

Irish Hist.: An association projected by Mr. C. S. 3. White leaf. [TIN-FOIL.] Parnell, M. P., which came into being at a meeting

T To spring a leak: leaf-mold, 8. Decayed leaves reduced to the

Naut.: To open or crack so as to admit of the held in Dublin, Nov. 18, 1879. Nominally the pro

gramme was the "three Fs"-fixity of tenure, fair passage of water into a vessel; olet in water. state of mold, and used as a manure or fertilizer for rent, and free sale (of the tenant's interest) but lēak, *leke, v. i. & t. (Icel. leka=to drip, to plants.

mapy speakers at Land League meetings, held Sun. leak; cogn. with Sw. läcka; Dan. lække: Dut leaf-nosed, a. Having a nose-leaf (q. v.). day after Sunday in different parts of the country, lekken: Ger. lechan=to leak; d. S. leccan=to wet Leaf-nosed bats:

went so far as to demand that the soil should belong to moisten.) 2001.: The family Rhinolopbidæ (q. v.). to the cultivator. Opposition by direct violence

A. Intransitive: Leaf-nosed emballonurine bats:

was deprecated, and recourse was had to boycotZoði.: The family Phyllostomidæ (q. v.).

ting. [BOYCOTT.) This state of things continued 1. To allow water, or other liquid or fluid, to pass

till the end of 1880. when fourteen members of the in or out through a hole, crevice, or fissure. leaf-rollers, s. pl. Laud League, of whom the most important were

2. To ooze or pass through, as water or other Entom.: The lepidopterous family Tortricidæ, Messrs. Parnell, Dillon, Biggar, T. D. Sullivan, and liquid or fluid, through a hole, crevice, or fissure.

*3. To make water. the larvæ of which freuuently reside in leaves, or T. Sexton, were indicted. The chief counts were get into the middle of a bud or cluster of leaves "conspiring to prevent payment of rents, to defoat *B. Trans.: To let out; to allow to pass out. and draw them together with silken threads. The the legal process for the enforcement of payment of

To leak out: To become known or public in & name is sometimes. less properly. given to other rents, and to prevent the letting of evicted farms. clandestine or underband manner to find vent: as,

The trial, which took place early in 1881, was a insects.

A story Leaks out. fiasco, but it drew from Mr. Justice Fitzgerald the leaf-shaped, a. declaration that the Land League was an illegal

leak-age (age as ig), s. (Eng. leak; -age.] Archæol.: A term applied to the peculiarly body. A Ladies' Land League, under the presi- I. Ordinary Language: shaped British swords of the Bronze period. dency of Miss Anna Parnell, was then formed. It

1. A leak. "The British bronzo sword benrs a general likeness to was denounced by Archbishop McCabe, and warmly

"To accumulate their misfortunes, they were 8002 those not only of Denmark, but of Gaul, Germany, and defended by Dr. Croke, Archbishop of Cashel, and even of Italy and Greece; but it has also its peculiar Mr. T. D. Sullivan. The agitation increased, and

obliged to cut away their bowsprit, to diminish, if possicharacteristics. It is broader and shorter than tho Dan. the “No Rent” cry became moro frequent. On

ble, the leakage at the head." -Anson: Voyage round the Ish bronze sword, swelling out more toward the middle, October 7, Mr. Gladstone denounced Mr. Parnell,

World, bk. i., ch. iii. so as to suggest the term leaf-shaped, by which it is dis- and enn afterward that contleman Macera Dillon 2. T} quantity of a liquid or fluid which escapes tinguished."-D. Wilson: Pre-historic Annals of Scotland, Sex

h Sexton, O'Kelly, and the chief officials of the by a leik. 1 855.

League, were arrested and imprisoned in Kilmain- II. 'omm.: An allowance, at a certain rate per leaf-sheath, 8.

ham. They issued a manifesto calling on the Irish cent. made for loss or waste by the leaking of casks, Bot.: A leaf which has taken the form of a vagina tenants to pay no Rent during their imprisonment. &c. or sheath surrounding the stem.

The Government replied by declaring the Landlēak-1-něss, s. [Eng. leaky; ness.] The qual

League an illegal body, and suppressed its branches ity or state of being leaky. leaf-sight, 8. A sight on the breach of a fire

throughout thn country. Tho Ladies' Land League
arm, having a binged elevating-piece as a guide for
elevation in firing; a back-sight.

lingered on till the end of the year, when it was lēak -ý, a. [Eng. leak; -y.]
dissolved by the leaders of the Irish party.

1. Lit.: Admitting or allowing the passage of leaf-spine, 8.

(3) Solemn league and covenant: (COVENANT.] water or other liquid or fluid; not water-tight. Bot.: A spine on the leaf, as on the holly. lēague, v. i. &t. (LEAGUE (1), s.)

*2. Fig.: Talkative, loquacious; apt to disclose

secrets; given to tattling or blabbing. leaf-stalk, s. A. Intrans.: To join in a league or confederacy; "

“Whate'er he hears his leaky tongue runs out." Bot.: Tho unexpanded portion of a leaf, connect. to unite, to confederate, to combine.

Hamilton: Horace, bk. i., epist. 18 ing the more laminated portion of it with the stem. B. Trans.: To join, to unite, to combine. Called also the petiole (q. v.).

lēal, a. (0. Fr.) Loyal, true. (LOYAL.] "League all your forces, then, ye powers above."

"A loving heart and a' leal within leaf-tendril, 8.

Pope: Homer's Iliad, viii. 23.

Is better than gowd or gentle kin." Bot.: A tendril on the leaf, as distinguished from league (2), *leage, s. [O. Fr. leque (Fr, lieue),

Soott: Rob Roy, ch, w one on the stem.

from Low Lat. legu, leuca, a word of Celtic origin; 1 Land of the leal: Heaven. The final home of leaf-tobacco, s. Tobacco in leaves, before being

Bret. leó, lev = a league; Ir. leige; Sp. legua; Port. the faithful. [LAND.)

legoa, legua.) cutor manufactured.

$1. A stone erected along the high roads at certain *l@al -nēss, s. (Eng. leal; ness.] The quality leaf-traces, 8. pl.

distances, similarly to the modern milestones. or state of being load or loyal; loyalty, udelity. Bot.: Branches of the vascular bundles which '2. A moasure of length, varying in ditferent coun- *lēam (1), *lēme, 8. [A. S. leoma; Icel. liomi.] pass from the stem into the leaves. (Thomé.) tries. The English land leaguo is 3 statuto miles; A ray, a gleam or flash of light. fate, făt, färe, amidst, whãt, fâli, father; wē, wět, hëre, camel, hêr, thêre; pine, pit, sire, sir, marine; gó, pot,

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