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Berzelius. It occurs in small quantity in the animal lacto-albumin, s. The albumin present in milk, lăc-tu-cär-1-om, subst. [Mod. Lat., from Lat. organisin, especially in the gastric juice, and, under analogous to serum albumen.
lactuca=a lettuce.) certain circumstances, is formed in the fermenta- lacto-butvrometer. 8. An apparatus for ascer
Chem.: The brown viscid juice of the common tion of some sugars. It is readily prepared by taining the quantity of buttery matter in a particu. adding to a solution of grape sugar a small quan
ning the quantity of buttery matter in a particu- garden lettuce, obtained by incision from the leaves lar sample of milk..
and flowering stems, and dried in the air. It is a tity of powdered old cheese, mixed with sour milk,
mixture of various substances, including lactucone, and allowing the mixture to stand for eight or ten lacto-densimeter, 8. An apparatus for ascer
lactucin, lactucic acid, mannite, albumin, &c. Lucdays at a temperature of 40° to 45°. It may also be taining the density of milk, in order to discover if
tucarium is hypnotic, antispasmodic, and sedative, prepared synthetically by mixing ethylidene oxide it has been mixed with water.
and has been recommended in cases in which opium or acetic aldehyde with hydrocyanic acid, and treat. lacto-glucose, s.
is inadmissible, particularly for children. It has ing the resulting product with hydrochloric acid,
d: Chem.: According to Fudakowski, a constituent been administered with advantage in chronic rheuthe ethylidene hydrate cyanide first formed being
matism, diarrhea, and asthma, in doses of two to converted into lactic acid even at the ordinary
five grains. temperature. It is a colorless, inodorous liquid of lacto-phosphates, 8. pl. syrupy consistence, possessing an intensely sourChem,: The pharmaceutical name for a mixture
| lắc-tu--e, S. pl. [Lat. Lactuc(a); fem, adj. taste. It is soluble in all proportions in water and of lactic acid and calcium phosphate.
suff. -acece.] alcohol, slightly soluble in ether. Its specific grav
Bot.: A tribe of Composites, sub-order Ligu
lacto-proteins ity is 1.215 at 20°, and it does not solidify even at
liflorø. -24. When boiled with nitric acid, it is converted
Chem.: An albuminous substance said to exist inlăc-tu-cic. a. (Lat. lactuc(a)=lettuce; Eng. into oxalic acid, while hydrocyanic acid reduces milk.
adj. suff. -íc.1 Pertaining to, or derived from plants it to propionic acid. Lactic acid forms salts bylăc-tom-ě-tēr, 8. [Latin lac (genit. lactis)=
of the genus Lactuca. the replacement of hydroxylic hydrogen by metals. milk, and Eng. meter (q. v.).] Called also a galac
lactucic-acid, 8. The neutral alkali salts are deliquescent, soluble tometer. A species of hydrometer, graduated to in alcohol. Sodic lactate, CH, CH(OH)COONa, show the comparative specific gravity and conse- Chem.: An acid obtained by triturating lactucar. crystallizes in fine, hair-like crystals. Calcic quent value of different samples of milk. The ium with dilute sulphuric acid, and extracting by lactate, H3 CH(OHCO:O).Ca 5HO, crystallizes instrument is a good evidence of the specific gray. means of alcohol of 84 per cent. It is a light yellow, in small, thin needles, soluble in water and alcohol. ity of milk, and the specific gravity is a probable, crystalline mass, soluble in water and alcohol. Its Zincic lactate, C.HoZn06,31,0, is the most char. but not positive, evidence of quality. Taken in aqueous solution is colored wine-red by alkalies, and acteristic salt of lactic acid. It crystallizes in connection with the per-cent. glass, which measures it reduces alkaline cupric salts to cuprous oxide. colorless, monoclinic prisms, slightly soluble in the per cent. of cream that rises, it is nearly a posi lăc-tū-cin, 8. (Lat. lactucía); Eng. suff. -in.) cold water, very soluble in boiling water, but insol- tive indicator of pure and watered milk. One form uble in alcohol.
Chem.: C22H280g. The active principle of lactuof the lactometer for ascertaining the amount of lactic-anhydride, 8. (LACTYL-LACTATE.) cream in milk consists of a tube with a funnel
ice of several species of let
tuce. It crystallizes in rhombic tables of yellowish mouth for convenience in charging it, and having lactic-ethers, 8. pl.
color; slightly soluble in cold water and in ether, the upper portion graduated. The tube is about a Chem.: Lactic acid is capable of forming three foot in length, and, being filled, the cream is
moderately soluble in alcohol and in acetic acid. different ethers containing the same monatomic allowed to rise, when its richness is determined by
Its solutions are not precipitated by any reagent. alcohol-radical--viz., ethylic lactate, monethylic the number of graduated spaces occupied by the
| lắc-tu-còne, subst. [Lat. lactục(); Eng. suff. lactate, and diethylic lactate, the first two being cream.
-one.) isomeric. Ethyliclactate, CH-CH(OH):CO-0°C2H15, lăc-tone, 8. [Eng. lact(ic), and (ket)one.)
Chem.: C40H6603. A colorless, insipid substance, is formed by heating to 170°, in a sealed tube, a mixto
extracted from lactucarium by boiling alcohol. It
Chen ure of lactic acid and alcohol. It is a colorless
roduced, together with lac- crystallizes in mammillated crystals, insoluble in liquid of peculiar odor, and boils at 186°. Water, tide, by the d
water. but very soluble in alcohol, ether, and oils, alcohol, and ether dissolve it in all proportions, but yolatile liquid, possessing an aromatic odor, and both fixed and volatile. It melts at 150°, and on it is difficult to obtain it in the crystalline form. boiling at 92.
being distilled yields acetic acid in large quantity. Monethylic lactate is a colorless liquid, boiling at lăc-ton-ic, a. (Eng., &c., lacton(e); -ic.]
lắc-tu-cô-pick-rin, 8. [Eng. lactuc(in); o con 150*. It is soluble in water, alcohol, and ether.
Chem.: Of or belonging to lactone.
nective, and picrin.) Diethylic lactate, C7H1403, produced by the action
Chem.: An uncrystallizable substance, which of ethylate of sodium on chloropropionate of ethyl,
remains in the mother-liquors of the preparation is a transparent, mobile liquid of an agreeableChem.: C.H.(OH)2COOH. A monobasic acid,
of lactucin by Ludwig and Kromayer's process, odor, insoluble in water, but soluble in alcohol and obtained b
tne oxidation or arabin and mulk after the greater part of that substance has been etber. It boils at 156-5, and has a specific gravity sugar. It is a deliquescent crystalline mass, melt. precipitated by basic acetate of lead. When freed of 09203 at 0°.
ing at 100%. It takes up two equivalents of metal from admixed lactucin and lactucone by e lactic-ferment, s.
from basic hydrates, but only one from carbonates. forms a brown, amorphous, very bitter mass, Chem.: A minute orgañism which, under the *lăc'-tor-ý, a. (Lat. lac (genit. lactis) Eng. adj. having a faint acid reaction; soluble in water and Oncope, is seen to consist of small elliptical suff. -ory.) Lactiferous; lactary.
alcohol. It contains 52-6 per cent. carbon, 6 8 hydrocells, generally detached, but sometimes occurring lăc-to-scope, s. (Lat. lac (genit. lactis)=milk,
gen, 36.6 oxygen, agreeing nearly with the formin chains of two or three. It is developed in milk, and Gr. skopeõ=to see, to observe.) An instrument,
ula C2H32010, and is therefore produced from when it is allowed to stand for some time, and is invented by Donne of Paris, for assisting in deter
lactucin by assumption of water and oxygen. the cause of the milk becoming sour, the sugar of mining the quality of milk by ascertaining its rel. là c-tů -měn, 8. [Mod. Lat., from lac=milk, the milk changing into lactic acid. It is also ative opacity.
with reference to the white color of the pustules.] developed when cheese is added to a solution of
lăc'-tose, s. (Eng. lact(ic), and (gluc)ose.)
Path.: The milk-scab which affects children at sugar, and kept at a temperature of 35° to 40°.
the breast. lactic-fermentation, s. Chem.: C6H1206. A sugar, isomeric with dex.
lăc-tu-răm -ic, a. (Eng. lact(yl); ur(ea); amtrose, formed from milk sugar by treatment with Chem.: [FEEMENTATION.]
ferments or dilute acids. It crystallizes in leafy (monia); and suff. -ic.] (See etym. and compound.) lăc-tide, s. (Eng. lact(ic), and (anhydr)ide.) and warty crystals, soluble in water, sparingly lacturamic-acid, s.
soluble in cold alcohol, and crystallizing more Chem. : CH N,O2. A monobasic acid, homoloChem. long04 10. SUCOberoa any are readily than ordinary glucose. It has a greater cons with hudantoic acid. obtained by treating of lactic acid, obtained by heating lactic acid or dextro-rotary power than dextrose, and reduces alanine salts with potassic isocyanate, or by heatlactyl lactate for a long time at a temperature of alkaline cupric salts tocuprous oxide. It resembles ing lactyl urea with baric hydrate and decomposing 150° in a retort through which a stream of air is
dextrose in most of its reactions, but is distindrawn. It crystallizes in colorless rhombic tables
the resulting baric salt with sulphuric acid. It guished from it by giving no compound with sodic of dazzling whiteness, insoluble in water and cold chloride, and by yielding lactonic and mucic acids at 155. When heated with hydrochloric acid it
crystallizes in small rhombic prisms, which melt alcohol, but soluble in boiling alcohol. It melts at instead of saccharic acid when oxidized by nitric splits up into alanine hydrochloride, ammonic 124*5*, and distills unchanged at 255°. Ammonia
acid. Lactose is the first aldehyde of dulcite. converts it into lactamide.
chloride, and carbonic anbydride. It yields crystal.
lăc-tox'-ỹi, s. [Eng. lac(tic), and ox(allyl.] (See line salts. lăc-tid-ic, a. (Eng. lactid(e); -ic.) the compound.)
lăc'-tğı, s. (Eng. lact(ic), and (all)yl.) (See lactidic-acid, dilactic-acid, subst. (LACTYL
the compounds.) LACTATE.
Chem.: C4H.N2022H,0. Lactyl urea. A com lăc-tif -ēr-olls, a. (Lat. lac (genit. lactis)= .
lactyl-chloride, 8. pound, isomeric with methyl hydantoin, prepared milk, and fero=to bear, to produce, to carry ; Fr. by decomposing a mixture of aldehyde ammonia, chloropropionyl. A colorless liquid, obtained, to
Chem.: C3H OC
10.CI. Chloride of lactifere; Sp. lactifero; Ital. lattifero.]
potassic cyanide, and potassic pseudo-cyanate with gether with phosphorus oxychloride, by heating 1. Bearing or conveying milk or a milk-like juice. hydrochloric acid, and extracting the brown prod. a mixture of well-dried calcium lactate with twice
2. Producing a milky or thick white-colored juice, uct with ether alcohol. It forms transparent rhom- its weight of phosphorus pentachloride. It is also as a plant. bic prisms, which, when anhydrous, melt at 145°.
produced by the direct combination of ethyleno lăc-tir-ic, *lac-tlf-1c-al, a. (Lat. lac (genit. lăc-tox-1-Y-mide, s. [Eng., &c., lactoxul, and and oxychloride of carbon. It boils at 150°, but is lactis)=milk, and facio=to make. Producing, imide.) LACTIMIDE.)
partially decomposed at a higher temperature. yielding, or causing milk.
lăc-tū-ca, s. (Lat., from lac=milk, referring to
Water gradually dissolves it, forming hydrochloric lắc-ti-fuse, 8. [Lat. Tac genit. lactis)=milk, the milky juice of the plant when cut.)
and chloropropionic acids. With absolute alcohol and fugo=to put to flight, to drive out. A medi. Bot.: Lettuce. the typical genus of the tribe Lac. a violent reaction takes place, hydrochloric acid, cipe which diminishes the secretion of milk in tuces. The involucre is imbricated. cylindrical. chlorio
d. cylindrical. chloride of ethyl, and chloropropionate of ethyl the breast.
few-flowered, its scales with a membranous margin. being produced. lăc'-ti-mide, s. (Eng. lact(ic), and imide.) Florets all ligulate, pappus pilose, filiform; the lactyl-guanidine, 8. Chem.: CH CH NO, Lactoxylimide. Obtained achenes much compressed, with a long beak. About Chem.: C,H,N302. Alacreatine. A crystalline
id fifty species are known. Found in the temperate compound. isomeric with creatine, formed from ras. It crystallizes in colorless needles, melting at parts of the northern hemisphere and in South a
in colorless needles, melting at parts of he northern hemisphere and in south alanine and cyanamide. It requires twelve times 275', and is readily soluble in water and alcohol.
rica. four are britisn: Lactuca virosa, ne its weight of water at 15° for solution, and resem.
Strong-scented Lettuce; L. scariola, the Prickly bles glycocyamine and creatine in its reactions. lăc-tine, lăc'-tin, 8. [Eng. lact(ic); -ine, -in.] Lettuce: L. saligna, the Least Lettuce; and L. mu. (MILK-SUGAR.]
ralis, the Ivy-leaved Lettuce. L.sativa, or L. scari. lactyl-lactate, s. lăc'-to-, pref. [Lat. lac (genit. lactis)=milk.] ola, var. sativa, is the Garden-lettuce. The seeds Chem.: C6H1003. The first ethereal anhydride of A prefix denoting the presence of or connection yield a clear, transparent sweet oil. It yields the lactic acid, obtained by heating lactic acid to a with milk, narcotic drug, lactucarium.
temperature of 104'. It is a yellow amorphous boil, boy; póut, jowl; cat, cell, chorus, chin, bench; go, gem; thin, this; sin, aş; expect, Xenophon, exist. ph = f.
mass, insoluble in water, but soluble in alcohol lăd'-a-năm, *lăbi-da-núm, s. (Latin ladanum, lāde (1), s. [A. S. lád=a channel, a lode.) and ether. On boiling with water, it is re-converted ledanum; Gr. ledanon=a resinous juice obtained *1. (See extract.) into lactic acid, from a plant called in Latin lada, leda, or ledon,
"Lade is the mouth of a river, and is derived from the la-cū-na (pl. la-cū’-na), s. (Lat.=a hollow, a
and in Gr. ledon. It is Cistus creticus (Def.] The Saxon, which signifies a purging or discharging: there
gum is in Persian lâdun or laden.) depression.]
being a discharge of the waters into the sea, or into some
Chem.: CH3003; Labdanum. An odorous, resin I. Ordinary Language:
great river."-Gibson: Camden. ous substance, which exudes in drops from the 1. A small opening; a small pit or depression.
2. A water-course; specifically in Scotland, the leaves and twigs of the Cistus creticus, a shrub 2. A small blank space; a gap, a hiatus.
canal which conveys water to a mill; a mill-race, a growing in the island of Candia and in Syria. It is
lead. II. Technically:
a dark-colored, tenacious resin, somewhat moist, 1. Anatomy (pl.):
exhaling an odor like that of ambergris. It was lāde (2), lāid, 8. [LOAD, 8.] (1) Human: Open spaces, prolonged into canal. formerly much used for making stimulating plas- lade-man, 8. [Eng. load, and man.) iculi or delicate tubes finer than the smallest ters. Genuine ladanum contains 85 per cent. of
1. A person in charge of a packhorse. capillary vessels, occurring in bone. The lacune resin, 7 per cent. of wax, a volatile oil, and not more
2. A miller's servant employed to return to the have an average length of isoo of an inch, and are than 6 per cent. of earthy matter and hairs. It is
several owners their quantities of meal when about half as wide and a third as thick. They con- often adulterated with black sand. Ladanum in
ground. tain a minute granular substance found by Prof. sticks is prepared in Portugal, Spain, and the south Goodsir to be a germinal spot of nutritive center of France by boiling the leaves and branches of lād'-en, *lād -ěd, pa. par. or a. (LADE, •.] (2) Comp.: Spaces left among the tissues in some Cystus ladaniferus.
A. As pa. par.: (See the verb.) of the lower animals, and serving in place of ves ladanu sh, s.
B. As adjective: sels for the circulation of the fluids of the body. Botany. (Darwin: Origin of Species, Gloss.)
1. Lit.: Charged with a load or burden; loaded. 1. Gen.: Any ladanum-bearing cistus. 2. Botany :
2. Fig.: Weighed down; burdened, oppressed. 2. Spec. : (1) Cistus ladaniferus, called also Gum (1) Sing" Link's name for an air-cell in a plant. cistus. It has wbite flowers and is a native of Spain
| Laden in bulk: 12) Pl.: Small hollows or pits upon the under and Portugal. (2) Cistus creticus, which grows in loaded with a cargo lying loose in the hold, as corn,
Naut.: A phrase used to denote that a vessel 13 surface of the thallus in a lichen.
Candia and the Levant. It has purple flowers. salt, &c. 3. Zool.: A genus of Littorinidæ. Sixteen recent (3) Cistus ledon. It is from France, and has white species are known and one fossil, the former from flowers.
*lād-ied, a. [English lady; ed.] Gentle, soft, Norway, Britain, Spain, &c., the latter from the Scottish glacial beds.
lăd-der, *lad-dre, s. [A. S. hlælder: cogn, with soothing, lady-like.
Dut. ladder=a ladder, the rack or rails of a cart; lád-iěş, 8. pl. (LADY.] la-cu-nal, a. [Eng. lacun(a); -al.] Pertaining O, H. Ger. hleitra; Ger. leiter=a ladder; prob. con- 1. Ord. Lang.: The plural of lady (q.v.). to or containing lacuna. nected with Lat. clathri=bars, trellis : Gr. kleithron,
2. Slating: A size of slates, 15 X 18 inches. la-cü'-nar, s.&a. (Latin, from lacuna (q. v.).] klēthron=a bar, a bolt.] A. As substantive:
ladies'-eardrops, 8. A fanciful name for the I. Ordinary Language: Architecture:
small flowered Fuchsia. 1. A term applied to the panels in a ceiling, which (1) A frame, usually movable, having a series of ladies'-man, lady's-man, s. One who devotes are produced by a series of sunken compartments, steps attached to side-bars or ropes. The varieties himself to the society of ladies; a beau. originating in the rafters which supported an up- are distinguished by their purposes, position, or by T For LADIES'- BEDSTRAW, LADIES' - MANTLE, per story, and were exposed to the eye, leaving sunk some feature of construction. A ladder differs from LADIES'-SLIPPER, and LADIES'-TRACES, see LADY'Sspaces (lacuna) between the intersections as they a flight of stairs in that the latter has treads and BEDSTRAW, LADY'S-SLIPPER, &c. crossed each other, and which were afterward re- risers, being thus boxed in below. The ladder has
. [Eng. lady; s tained as a means of breaking the unsightly flat. merely steps. There are numerous kinds of ladders,
To make a lady of; to give the title or position of ness of a ceiling. The edges of these panels were varying in form or construction, according to the
wo lady to; to make ladylike. decorated with carved and gilt ornaments, and the purposes for which they are intended. centers filled in with decorative painting.
(2) A notched cleat or stick in a bookcase, for Lā'-din, 8. [French, Latin Latinus=Latin.) A 2. The ceiling or under surface of the member of supporting shelves.
Romansch dialect spoken in parts of the Tyrol and an order, of the corona of a cornice, or of the part 2. Fig.: Any means by which one ascends; any Switzerland. of the architrave between the capitals of columns, means of rising to eminence. and generally any ceiling having sunk or hollowed
“To the topmost round
lād-løg, s. [LADE, v.] compartments without spaces or bands between the
Of fortune's ladder."
I. Ordinary Language: panels; a laquear having bands between the panels.
Churchill: Sermons. (Dedic.)
1. The act of loading. Gwilt.)
II. Naut.: The accommodation ladder is slung at 2. That which is put into or is carried in anyB. As adj.: Pertaining to or containing lacuna
the gangway. The forecastle and hold ladders are thing as a load; that which constitutes a load; & or lacunars; having open spaces at intervals.
at these respective places; the Jacob's-ladder load, a cargo.
abaft the top-gallant masts, where there are no ratlăc-u-när-1-ą, s. pl. (LACUNAR, 8.] lines at the shrouds. The quarter and story ladders
: II. Glass: The transference in cisterns of molten *lă-cüne', 8. [LACUNA.] A gap.
are for reaching or leaving the boats moored astern.
ats mooredastern glass from the pot to the table, in plate-glass
making. lăc-u-nětte', 8. [Fr., dimin. from Lat. lacuna= ladder-carriage, s. A kind of carriage for con- | Bill of lading : a ditch, a gap.
veying fire-ladders. The bed-frame serves as a con- Comm.: (BILL, 8.] Fort.: A small fosse or ditch. nection in coupling the wagon, and braces the
lading-hole, s. la-cü'-nose, a. (Lat. lacunosus = full of holes.]
ladder when raised. The windlass, having its bear.
Glass: An aperture in the side of a furnace for Bot.: Covered with little pits or depressions, as
sections of the ladder. The basket, attached by a plate-glass, at which the cuvette for carrying the Helvellia crispa.
rope to the pulley at the top of the ladder, forms a metal is introduced or is filled. la-cũ-no-so-, pref. [LACUNOSE.] fire-escape.
...lăd'-kin, 8. (Eng. lad, and dimin. suff. -kin.] A lacunoso-rugose, a.
little lad, a youth. Bot.: Having broad, deep, irregular wrinkles, like Zool.: The Scalaria (Wentletrap). [SCALARIA.] lã-dle, *lad-el, s. [LADE, V., A 2.] [Eng. lade the shell of the walnut or the stone of the peach. Named from its sharp, transverse spiral ribs. =to ladle out; suff. -el.] la-cü'-noūs, la-cũ'-nõse, a. [Latin lacunosus, ladder-way, s.
I. Ord. Lang.: A domestic utensil, shaped like a from lacunara ditch, a gap.)
1. Mining: A foot-way shaft; the shaft of a mine, large spoon, and having a comparatively long *1. Ord. Lang.: Marked by or having pits or de- by which the workmen ascend and descend.
handle, with which liquids are lifted out or served pressions; furrowed, pitted.
2. Naut.: A companion-way or scuttle-way on from a vessel. 2. Bot.: Covered with little pits or depressions, board ship.
II. Technically: as Helvellia crispa.
ladder-work, s. Work which has to be done 1. Founding: A pan with a handle to hold molten là-căs-tral, lā-cůs-trine, a. (Latin lacus=a with the aid of a ladder, as painting, stucco- metal. On a small scale, the bullet-ladle is a famillake.] Of or pertaining to a lake. work, &c.
iar instance. The large ladle used in the foundry lacustrine - deposits, sedimentary-deposits, *lăd-děss, 8. [Eng. lad; -ess.] A girl, a lass. is called a shanks (q. v.). Ladles are protected by 8. pl.
"She is not as amiable a laddess." - Walpole: Letters, a thin coat or layer of loam, and every time, before Geol.: Strata deposited in existing lakes or in iii. 243.
being used, they are brushed over with black wasb those which, from whatever cause, have now become lăd - diệ, lăd-dy, s. [English lad; dimin. suff.
and carefully dried. dry land. -ie, -y.) A diminutive oflad,
"Some stirred the molten owre with ladles great." lacustrine-dwellings, 8. pl. [LAKE-DWELL “His leg was so tight and his cheek was so ruddy,
Spenser: F.Q., II. vii. 36. INGS.)
Transported I was with my sodger laddie."
2. Glass: A vessel in which molten glass is carlăc-work, s. (Eng. lac, and work.] Ornamenta
Burns: Jolly Beggars. ried; a cuvette. tion by means of lacquer work, besprinkled with lāde, v. t. &i. [The same word as LOAD, v. (q. v.) 3. Hydraul.: The float-board of a mill-wheel. gold, silver, &c.
A. S. hladan=to heap together, to load, to lado out.] 4. Ordnance:
(1) An implement for removing the shot from a lăd, *ladde, 8. [Wel. llawd=a youth; Ir. lath=
loaded cannon. It is a semi-cylinder of copper, a youth, a champion (froin luth=nimble active): 1. To load.
beveled at the end, and attached to a staff. For cf. Gaelic laidir=strong; luth=strength; Gothic “And they laded their asses with the corn."-Genesis
use, the muzzle of the gun is sligbtly depressed and lauths, in the compound jugga-lauths=a lad.]
the ladle passed in so as to run under the shot, 1. A youth, a young man, a stripling.
which is received in it; when the ladle is with: “There is a lad here which hath five barley-loaves and ladle, bowl, &c.
drawn, it brings the shot out with it. two small fishes."-John vi. 9.
“He chides the sea that sunders him from them,
(2) A cylindrical scoop of copper for loading loose
Saying, he'll lade it dry to have his way." 2. A fellow, a companion, a mate. (Used famil
powder into a cannon. iarly.)
Shakesp.: Henry VI., Pt. III., iii. 2
5. Pyro.: A copper scoop for filling rockets. B. Intransitive: 3. A male sweetheart. (Scotch.) *1. Ord. Lang.: To draw water.
ladle-board, 8. The float-board of a mill-wheel. *lăd, *ladde, pret. of v. [LEAD, v.] “She did not think it best to lade at the narrow chan
lā-dle, 1. t. (LADLE, s.] To lade or deal out *lăd'-age (age as ig), s. [Eng. lad; -age.] Boy- nel."-Bishop Hall.
with a ladle. hood.
2. Naut.: To let in water by leakage; to leak. lä-dle-ful, s. [Eng. ladle; ful(l).) As much as “My ladage fair and good.”--Sylvester: Vocation, 170. (Wright.)
a ladle will hold; the contents of a ladle. fāte, făt, färe, amidst, whãtfâll, father; wē, wět, hëre, camel, hér, thêre; pine, pit, sîre, sir, marîne; gó, pot,
lævulose là -dle-wood, s. [Eng. ladle, and wood.) lady-fly, s. The lady-bird (q. v.).
læ-11-2, 8. [A Roman vestal virgin's name.) Bot.: A Cape name for Cassine colpoon.
lady-killer, s. One whose fascinating manners, Bot.: The typical genus of the family Læliada lã'-dị, *la-di, *la-die, *la-dye, *le-dy, *læf-di, appearance, or other qualities are irresistible to (q.v.). It consists of splendid orchids from Mex. leaf-di, *lef-di, *leve-di, leve-dy, slneve-di. ladies; one who studiously sets himself to win the ico, Brazil, Cuba, &c. lal-digh, 8. &a (A. S hláfdige; O. Northumb. affections of women; a general lover.
læ-11-å'-dæ, s. pl. [Mod. Lat. lælia, and Latin Alafdia, the first element is A. S. hláf=a loaf, the lady-killing, s. The manners, acts, or practices fem. pl. adj. suff. -dæ. second is uncertain, but probably represents A. S. of a lady-killer. doegeera kneader, from the root which appears in
Bot.: A family of Orchids, tribe Epidendrew. Goth. digan, deigan=to knead: cf. lcel. deigiara lady-like, a.
læ-mar'-gủs, 8. [Gr. laimargos=greedy, glutdairy-maid; Eng. dey. The Icel. lafdhira lady, is 1. Like or befitting a lady in any respect; gentle,
tonous.) used in a special sense to designate the Blessed refined, well-bred.
Ichthy.: A genus of sharks, family Spinacidæ. Virgin; hence several derivates, such as lady-bird, 2. Delicate, effeminate; incapable of fatigue.
Lamargus borealis is of a blue-brown color. It is lady.fern, lady's-finger, lady's-mantle, &c. In these
found in the polar regions, where it sometimes terms the word is strictly not a compound, lady, or
lady-love, s. A female sweetheart, a mistress. reaches twenty-five feet in length. It bites pieces ladie, being the Mid. Eng. genitive case of lady: Lady-psalter, s.
out of Greenland whales when living and feeds on bence lady-chapel=chapel of our Lady, Lady-day
them when dead. It also devours small fishes and =day of our Lady. (Skeat, &c.)]
1. The Parvum officium, or Little Office of the
crabs. Virgin Mary. A. As substantive: 2. The rosary.
læm-mēr-gey-ēr, s. (LAMMERGEYER.) I. Ordinary Language: lady's-bedstraw, ladies'-bedstraw, 8.
læ-mo-dip'-0-dą, s. pl. (Gr. laimos=the throat: 1. A woman of high rank; properly, the wife of a Bot.: (1) Galium verum; (2) Pharnaceum mol
62. dis=twice, and poda=feet, pl. of poussa foot.]. baron or any superior to him in rank, or the lugo.
Zool.: According to Spence Bate and J. O. Westdaughter of an earl, marquis, or duke. Commonly
wood, a group or sub-order of Amphipod Crustathe title is also given to the wife of a knight or lady's-bower, 8.
ceans, though by some regarded as an independent baronet.
order. The coxal joint of all the legs is fused with
Bot.: Clematis vitalba. “I would make thee my lady."-Shakesp.: Merry Wives
the body and the tail reduced to a rudimertary conof Windsor, iii. 3.
dition. The species are all marine. Many are par2. A courtesy-title for any woman, especially one
Bot.: Scandix pecten-veneris, a branching, pubesasites; one is the Whale-louse, Cyamus ceti. The of good breeding, education, and position; it is the
cent, umbelliferous plant, with oblong twice or sub-order is divided into two far correlative of gentleman.
thrice pinnate leaves, terminal and lateral; umbels and Caprellidæ. 3. A sweetheart.
of very irregular flowers, the fruit very slender, læ-tär-ē, 8. [Lat., imper. sing. of lætor=to re
scabrid. Perhaps only a colonist where it occurs joice. "As ladies in romance assist their knight.” Pope: Rape of the Lock, iii. 129.
i 199 in cornfields in Britain, wild in Continental Europe, Eccles.: The fourth Sunday in Lent; so called be
South Africa, West Asia to Northwestern India. 4. The mistress of a house or family; a mistress. Called also Venus' comb.
cause the services in the ancient Christian Church
on that day began with the words, Lætare, sterilis, "Convey what I will set down to my lady."-Shakesp.: lady's-cushion. s.
or Lætare, Jerusalem (Rejoice, thou barren one; or, Twelfth Night, iv. 2.
Rejoice, Jerusalem). 5. Mistress; correlative of a lord; as, the lady of Bot.: Armeria vulgaris.
læ-t1-a (t as sh), s. [Named after J. do Laet, & manor.
lady's-fingers, s. pl.
of Antwerp.] "Of all these bounds, even from this line to this, ..
1. Ord. Lang.: A sort of biscuit, so called from Bot.: A genus of Flacourtiacem, tribu Prockeæ. We make thee lady."
Shakesp.: Lear, i. 1,
Latia apetala, a tropical American plant, secretes II. Technically: 2. Bot.: Anthyllis vulneraria,
a balsamic resin, which becomes white in contact 1. Slating (pl.): [LADIES, 2.)
lady's-garters, 8. pl.
with the air like sandarach. 2. Zool. The calcareous apparatus in the cardiac part of the stomach of the lobster, the function of
Bot.: Phalaris arundinacea variegata.
læ-ti-ti-a (ti as shI), 8. (Lat.=joy.] which is the trituration of the food. (Nicholson.) lady's-glove, s.
Astron.: An asteroid catalogued as the 39th in
order. B. As adjective:
Bot.: Digitalis purpurea. 1. Female.
læv-1-gāte, a. (Lat. lævigatus, pa. par. of 100lady's-gown, s. 2. Becoming a lady; ladylike.
vigo=to make smooth; levis=smooth.] Scots Law: A gift made by a purchaser to the Bot.: Having a smooth polish; applied to seeds. “Say, good Cæsar,
vendor's wife on her renouncing her life rent in That I some lady trifles have reserved,
læv-1-gā-toŭs, a. (Lat, lævigatus.]
Bot.: The same as LÆVIGATE (q. v.).
læv-o-, pref. [Lat. lævíus)=the left; o connectOur Lody: The Virgin Mary.
Bot.: Briza media. "Low on her knees herself she cast
lady's-laces, 8. pl.
lævo-glucose, 8. (LÆVULOSE.]
lævo-gyrate, a. Having the property of rotatlady-altar, 8. The altar of a chapel dedicated lady's-looking-glass, s.
ing toward the left. The term is chiefly applied to to the Virgin Mary. In the majority of English Bot.: Specularia speculum.
the rotation of the plane of polarization produced cathedrals it is situated behind the high-altar. In
by certain fluids and other substances, distinguish.
lady's-maid, s. A female attendant upon a lady. ing the particular direction of this rotation as from English parish churches, and in Roman churches, it is usually in the chancel or in one of the aisles. lady's-mantle, ladies'-mantle, 8.
the contrary one, which is termed dextro-gyrate. lady-bird, s.
Bot.: The genus Alchemilla (q. v.), and specially lævo-gyration, s. Polarization to the left hand. Entomology: Alchemilla vulgaris.
lævo-racemic, a. (See the compound.) 1. Sing.: The genus Coccinella (q. v.). The term lady's night-cap, s.
Lævo-racemic acid: [RACEMIC-ACID.) lady-bird is probably a corruption of lady-bug. Bot.: Calystegia sepium. Called also Lady-cow, Lady-fly, &c. The Seven-spot
lævo-rotary, a. The same as LÆVO-GYRATE.
lady's-seal. s. Lady-bird is the most common species. In certain
lævo-tartaric, a. (See the compound.) years it multiplies to an extraordinary extent.
Bot.: Convallaria polygonatum; (2) Tamus com
Lavo-tartaric acid: 2. Pl.: The family Coccinellidæ (q. v.). munis, the Black Bryony iq. v.).
Chem.: A compound of tartaric acid, isomerio lady-bug, s.
with tartaric acid, but rotating to the left, while Entom.: The same as LADY-BIRD.
ordinary tartaric acid does so to an equal extent to
the right. Lady-chapel, 8. A chapel dedicated to Our Lady, lady's-smock, lady-smock, s.
lævi-u-lin, 8. [Eng. lævulose); -in.] the Virgin Mary, frequently attached to a large Bot.: Cardamine pratensis. [CARDAMINE.] church on the westward of the altar, but in churches
Chem.: A sweet substance, resembling dextrin,
lady's-thimble, 8. built before 1200 the Lady-chapel was usually an
extracted from the juice of tubers of the Jerusalem independent or additional building.
Bot.: Campanula rotundifolia.
artichoke by repeated treatment with alcohol. It
is soluble in water; does not reduce alkaline cuprio lady-clock, 8. The lady-bird (q. v.).
salts, and is optically inactive until boiled with lady-court, 8. The court of a lady of a manor.
Bot. ; Carduus marianus.
bydrochloric acid when it becomes strongly lævolady-cow, s. The lady-bird (q. v.).
rotatory. lady-crab, 8.
Bot.: An American name for Polygonum persi- læv-u-los-āne, s. [Eng. lævulos(e); suff. -ane.) Zool.: The name given in the Channel Islands to nel Islands to caria.
Chem.: C6H1005. An uncrystallizable syrup ob Portunus puber, the Velvet Fiddler Crab, so called lady's-tresses, ladies'-tresses, lady's-traces, tained by heating lævulose to 170°. It may also be from its velvet coat. 8. pl.
prepared by heating cane sugar to 160°, and keeping Bot.: [SPIRANTHES.)
it at that temperature for four hours. A mixture of Lady-day, 8. The Feast of the Annunciation of
lation of là-dň-hood. *la-di-hede.s. Eng, lady: -hood.1 equal parts of lævulosane and dextro-glucose is the Virg , March 25. It is a fixed festival.
produced, but the latter may be easily removed by Lady-day in Harvest, 8. The Feast of the shin. The condition, rank, or position of a lady; lady.
fermentation. It is soluble in water and dilute Assumption of the Virgin Mary (Aug. 15).
spirit, but insoluble in absolute alcohol. Its solu
lā'-dy-kin, s. [Eng. lady; dimin. sufl. -kin.) A tion has a dextro-rotary power (a)j=15° or (a)= lady-fern, 8.
little lady; a title frequently given by Elizabethan 13.5°. When boiled with water and dilute acids, it Botany:
writers to the Virgin Mary, being commonly con is converted into lævulose. On oxidation it yields. 1. Nephrodium thelypteris, a species with lanceo. tracted into lakin.
saccharic acid. late, pinnate fronds, the pinnæ again deeply pin lā'-dỹ-shịp, *la-di-ship, s. [Eng. lady; -ship.] læv'-u-löse, 8. [Latin lævus=the left; 1 con. Datifd.
The condition, rank, or position of a lady; it is nective, and Eng. suff. -ose. 2. Athyrir ir fæmina, a beautiful fern with
used commonly as a title i
or address. large, membranous, oblong, lanceolate, twice or in a lady.
Chem.: C6H1206. Levo-glucose, or sucro-lævu.
lose. A variety of sugar, isomeric with dextrose, thrice pinnate fronds, with close-set pinnules.
læ'-lāps, 8. (New Lat.) A large fossil dinosau. occurring together with dextrose in honey and in lady-fish, s.
rian reptile found in the cretaceous formation of the juices of sweet fruits. It is also produced, Ichthy.: Sillago domina. this country.
together with an equal weight of dextrose, by the boll, boy; póut, Jowl; cat, çell, chorus, chin, bench; go, gem; thin, this; sin, ag; expect, Xenophon, exist. ph = f.
action of dilute acids, diastase, or yeast, on cane- B. Transitive:
Pegu, and L. hypoleuca in the Andaman Islands, sugar; or it may be obtained pure by heating 1. Ordinary Language:
have also valuable wood. L. flos reginæ, L. parviinnline with dilute acids. It is a colorless, uncrys
flora, and L. tomentosa yield gum resins. The bark * *1. To slacken. (Heywood.) tallizable syrup, or, when dried at 100', a gummy,
of L. parviflora is used in India for tanning, and
2. To transport or send to penal servitude for a along with the bark of Terminalia tomentosa for deliquescent mass, soluble in water, and in spirit 50 o. p., but insoluble in absolute alcohol. It closely crime. (Slang.)
dyeing skins black resembles dextrose in many of its characters, but “I should not much like to have him lagged for forg lăg-ēr-stro-ml-'- (o as e). 8. pl. Mod. Lat. its aqueous solution is sweeter, and it is more easily ery."-Scott: St. Ronan's Well, ch. xxxi.
lagerströmi(a); Lat. fem. pl. adj. suff. -eæ.] altered by heat and acids. Its specific rotatory *3. To steal.
Bot.: A tribe of Lythraceæ, having winged seeds. power is -98°, at 15° for the d line, decreasing with
"Some corn away lag
la-gět'-ta, s. [From lagetto, the Jamaican name rise of temperature. When powdered slaked lime is
In bottle and bag. added gradually to a solution of lævulose in ice
Tusser: Husbandrie. p. 64. of the Lace-bark tree. I cold water, calcium lævulosate, C6H1206 CaO,H20,
Bot.: A genus of Daphnads. Lagetta lintearia is
II. Steam-eng.: To cover or clothe, in order to the Lace-bark tree (q. v.). soluble with difficulty, is formed. By means of
prevent radiation of heat. this reaction, lævulose can be readily freed from
lăg-gard, a.& 8. (Eng. lag, a.; suff. -ard, as in dextrose; the latter, on similar treatment, yielding
drunkard, &c.] a freely-soluble compound.
*la-gar-tő, s. [Sp., =lizard.) [ALLIGATOR.] The A. As adj.: Slow, sluggish, backward; wanting La-fãy --ětte, 8. [Named in honor of the Marquis form in which the word alligator first appeared in in energy.' de la Fayette, a French nobleman, enlisted in be- the English language.
“To hasten and reprove half of this country during the Revolutionary war.] “We saw in it [the Orinocco] divers sorts of strange
The laggard rustic." 1. The dollar fish. fishes of marvelous bigness, but for lagartos it excelled."
Wordsworth: Ercursion, bk. ii. 2. The gody, a food fish found on our southern – Raleigh: Discovery of Guiana.
B. As subst.: One who lags; a slow, sluggish fel. coasts. la-gē -na, 8. (Lat., from Gr. lagēnos, lagunos=a low; a loiterer.
“Decrepit winter, laggard in the dance." La-fitte', 8. (From the vineyards of the Chateau flask.]
"Hughes: Ode to the Creator of the World. Lafitte, in the Haut-Medoc, France, where it is produced.) A kind of claret wine, characterized by (1) A genus of Foraminifera, having the tail låg-gen, 8. (Perhaps from lag-end=last end or its softness on the palate, and its perfume, partaking somewhat flask-shaped. It is the typical one of bottom.). The angle between the side and bottom of the characteristics of violet and raspberry. the family Lagenidæ (q. v.).
of a wooden dish. laft, pret. & pa. par. [LEAVE, v.] (2) A sub-genus of Mollusks, genus Turbinella.
"The laggen they hae clautet 2. Palæont.: The genus ((1)) has existed from
Fu' clean that day." *laft, s. (LOFT, 8.] the Carboniferous period till now.
Burns: A Dream. 1. A loft. lăġ-ě-när-1-2, 8. [LAGENA.)
lăg-gēr, 8. [Eng, lag, V.; -er.] One who lags 2. A gallery in a church.
Bot.: A genus of Cucurbitaces containing but behind; a loiterer, a laggard. lăg, a. & 8. [Wel. llag=slack; cogn. with Gael. one species, the Bottle, Club, or Trumpet-gourd
“Whether you prove a lagger in the race,
Or with a vigorous ardor urge your pace." and lr. lag=weak, feeble; Corn. lac (adv.)=loose, (Lagenaria vulgaris). It is monocious, with a lax: lacca=to faint away: Lat, laxus=loose, lax; campanulate calyx and a white corolla. It is wild
Francis: Horace, Ep. 2. To Lollius. Icel. lakra=to lag behind.' The root is the same as in India, the Moluccas and Abyssinia. In that la-ġid -I-ėm, subst. (Gr. lagidion, dimin, from that of Eng. lax and languid and Gr. lagaros= state it is poisonous, but when cultivated its delete- lagos=a hare.] slack.)
rious properties disappear. Anglo-Indians boil the Zool.: A genus of Chinchillidæ. Lagidium pal.
fruit when young and use it as vegetable marrow. lipes is the Pale-footed Chinchilla, and L. Curieri *A. As adjective:
Natives of India slice and eat it as a curry. The is Cuvier's Chinchilla. Botla species are found in 1. Slow, sluggish, tardy; coming late or behind.
young shoots and leaves are also eaten. The fruit, the inountainous parts of Chili, Bolivia, and Peru. 2. Last.
which is sometimes six feet long, is often used by lăg'-ging, pr. par., a.& 8. (LAG, v.)
Indian beggars as a bottle. The seeds yield an oil
which is used as an application in headaches. The A. As pr. par.: (See the verb.)
fesh of the fruit is deemed to be diuretic, refriger. B. As adj.: Loitering, idling; moving slowly and Shakesp.: Henry IV., Pt. I., v. 1.
ant and antibilious. It is bitter and purgative; it unwillingly. 3. Long delayed. is occasionally used in India as a poultice, and ap
“Thus Agelaus rous'd the lagging band. plied to the shaved head in delirium. It is culti“They may, cum privilegio, wear away
Pope: Homer's Odyssey, xxii. 271. The lag end of their lewdness, and be laughed at." vated in the warmer parts of the eastern hemi. C. As substantive: Shakesp.: Henry VIII., i. 3. sphere.
I. Ord. Lang.: The act or state of loitering or B. As substantive :
la-gēn'-1-dæ, la-gēn'-1-dą, s. pl. (Lat.lagen(a): idling.
fem. pl. adj. suff. -ido. -ida.) · I. Ordinary Language:
II. Technically: 1. Zool.: A family of Perforated Foraminifera. 1. Carp.: Narrow planks extending from one rib 1. The lowest class; the fag end; the rump. It consists of microscopic animals contained within to another in the centering of arches and forming
"The senators of Athens, together with the common curious flask-like shells, with a neck and sometimes the board coverins upon which the courses of vouslag of people ... make suitable for destruction!" with a tube continued from it into the cavity of the
soirs are laid. Shakesp.: Timon of Athens, iii. 6. shell. They are marine, living attached to fuci.
2. Steam-eng.: The non-conducting jacket or 2. One who or that which lags behind or comes stones, &c. Genera, Lagena and Entoselenia.
clothing of a steam-boiler or cylinder, to prevent last; the last comer.
2. Palæont.: The family exists from the Car
radiation of heat; cleading, deading, sheathing, “But to be last, the lag of all the raceboniferous rocks upward.
clothing. Redeem yourselves and me from that disgrace." Ja-gēn -1-form, a. (Lat. lagena=a flask, a bottle, lăg-ging-15, adv. [Eng, lagging: -ly.) Dryden: Virgil's Æneid, v. 256.
In a and forma=shape.)
Tagging, loitering manner; like a laggard; loiter. 3. An old convict. (Australian.)
Bot.. Having the shape or form of a Florence ingly. "At last he fell in with two old lags who had a deadly flask.
lăg:--morph, 8. [See infra.] One of the lagogrudge against the chaplain."--Reade: It's Never Too Late la-ģē-no-rhyi-chůs, 8. (Gr. lagēnos=a flask, a morpha (q. v.5. To Mend, ch, Ix.
flagon, and rhungchos=a snout.] II. Technically: Zool.: A genus of Delphinidæ. The beak of the
lăg-o-morph'-a, 8. (Gr. lagös=a hare; morphe =form.]
to 1. Ord. Lang. : One of the boards or staves form- upper jaw keeled on each side, the lower jaw with Zool.: A group of animals containing the hare ing the upper casing of a carding-machine. The two or three small, conical, rudimentary teeth in and kindred species. lags of the carding-machine are clothed with cards
the middle of each side. Lagenorhynchus leuco. orsides and are separately removable. pleurus, the Delphinus tursio of Knox, occurs in
lăg-o-my-I-dæ, 8. pl. (Mod. Lat. lagomy(s);
Lat. fem. pl. adj. suff. -idæ.) 2. Mach.. One of the boards or staves forming the Orkney and the Northern Ocean generally. L.
1. Zool.: Calling Hares or Pikas, a family of covering of a large band-drum. The lags of the albirostris is the White-beaked Bottlenose. It has
Rodentia of Mr. Alston's sub-order Duplicidentata. drum are fastened by lag-screws to the frame of the been taken on the coast of Norfolk, England.
They resemble the hares, but have only five molars wheel.
lag'-ēr, s. [German=a store.] (See the com
in each jaw, a depressed skull, contracted frontal 3. Naut.: The lag of the tide is the time that the pounds.)
bones without frontal wing-like processes, complete tide-wave falls behind the mean time in the first lager-beer, 8. The ordinary beer of Germany. clavicles, short ears, limbs nearly equal in length, and third quarters of the moon.
and no apparent tail. They are akin to hares, but
lager-wine, s. Bottled win 4. Steam-engine:
are smaller in size. They are found in Europe near (1) One of the boards or staves forming the cover. kept some time in the cellar. ing of a steam-boiler or cylinder. The lags of the
the Volga, in Asia, and in this country,
lăg-ēr-stro'-mi-a (o as e), s. (Named after boiler or cylinder are wooden staves, hooped, and Magnus Lagerstrom of Gothenburg.)
2. Palæont.: Found from the Miocene onward. inclosing a body of non-conducting material; alsoBot.: The typical genus of the tribe Lagerströ.
lăg'--mỹs, 8. [Gr. lagos, (genit. lago)=a hare, called cleading. miew. It consists of fourteen East Indian and
and mus=a mouse. (2) (LAP.) Chinese trees and shrubs, with splendid flowers.
1. Zool.: The typical genus of the family Lago
myidæ. Lagomys alpinus, the Alpine Pika, a small The calyx is cut into six lobes, the corolla has long *lag-bellied, a. Having a fat, full belly. claws, the stamens many, the fruit three or six.
mammal about nine and a half inches long, is from lag-machine, 8. celled, with numerous seeds. Lagerströmia indica,
Siberia, and L. princeps, the Rocky Mountain Pika, Wood-working: A machine for hollowing out the a shrub common in Indian gardens, has crumpled
from six to seven inches long, is found in the Rocky
· Mountains, near those of California, Utah, Oregon, insides of lags or covering for wooden rolls or petals. It is from China. The flowers of L. flos
and in Canada. drums, or the cleading for jacketing cylinders or reginæ, or L. reginæ, are in panicles, at first of a at
2. Palæont.: The genus is found in the Miocene pale-rose color, but afterward deepening into a steam-pipes. fine purple. It is a large, deciduous tree, growing
of France and the Pliocene of Europe; also in Postlag-screw, 8. A flat-headed screw used to attach in Eastern Bengal and Burmah. Its bark and leaves
Tertiary cave-deposits. lags to band-drums.
are considered to be purgative and hydragogue, and la-go-nīte, s. [Ital. lago=a lake; n connective, lăg, v. i. & t. (LAG, a.)
the seeds to bo narcotic. The timber is regarded in and sufl. -ite (Min.).)
the east of India and Burmah as the most valuable A. Intransitive:
Min.: An earthy mineral occurring as an incrustof any except teak. It is used in the East for ship ation at the lagoons of Tuscany. Color, ocherons 1. To loiter; to stay behind; to move slowly. and boat building, making carts, gun carriages, &c. yellow. Composition: Boracic acid, 49-5, sesquiox. 2. To be slow to advance; to hold or draw back. L. lanceolata, L. microcarpa, and L. parviflora, ide of iron, 37-8, water, 12:7, corresponding to the behind or beyond o
ndia, L. tomentosa in Burmah and formula, Fe2033B0g+ 3H0. fate, făt, färe, amidst, whãt, fâll, father; wē, wět, hëre, camel, hēr, thêre; pine, pit, sïre, sir, marine; gõ, pot,