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18. To hold, to have; to retain in memory.
(12) To keep off :

4. The means by which one is kept or supported; "If of life you keep a care."

(a) Trans.: To prevent from approaching; to subsistence, support, maintenance; as, keep for Shakesp.: Tempest, il. 1. drive off.

cattle. 19. To remain confined to; not to quit; to remain "A superficial reading, accompanied with the common 5. That which is kept; a charge. (Spenser.) in.

opinion of his invincible obscurity, has kept of some from 6. That which keeps: that in which one keeps or

seeking in him the coherence of his discourse." -Locke, is kept. Spec., the tower or place set apart in a "I prythee tell me, does he keep his bed!" -- Shakesp.: (0) Intrans.: To ke Henry IV., Pt. I., iv. 1.

(6) Intrans.: To keep away; to continue away; castle for the confinement of prisoners; a donjon. not to approach.

“It stands on a knowle. which tho' insensibly rising 20. Not to reveal; not to betray; to preserve

(13) To keep on: To continue at anything; not to gives it a prospect over the keepe of Windsor, about three secret. leave off.

miles N. E. of it.”—Evelyn: Memoirs, Oct. 23, 1686. "A fool cannot keep his counsel."--Eccles. viii. 17. (14) To keep one going: To keep one well sup. *keep-off, *keepe-off, s. A guard, a defense. 21. To have in the house; to entertain. plied, or in constant work.

kēep'-ēr, *kep-er, 8. (Eng. keep; -er.] (15) To keep one's hand in: To keep one's self in "Base tyke, call'st thou me host? I scorn the term ; nor shall my Nell keep lodgers."-Shakesp.: Henry V., ii. 1.

I. Ordinary Language: of practice.

(16) To keep under: To restrain; to keep in sub- 1. One who or that which keeps; one who holds, 22. To have in pay; as, to keep a servant. jection.

keeps, or has possession of anything. 23. To have a supply of for sale; to be in the babit

"To live like those that have their hope in another life. 2. One who retains or keeps another in custody or of selling; as, to keep butter, eggs, &c.

implies that we keep under our appetites.”- Atterbury. charge; one who has the charge or care of the in 24. To regard; to attend to. "While the stars and course of heaven I keep, tinue the use or practice of.

"To his keeper this he brought, My weary'd eyes were seized with fatal sleep." Dyrden: Virgil's Æneid, vi. 476.

Who swallowed unaware the sleepy draught." “Did they keep to one constant dress they would sometimes be in fashion."- Addison: Spectator.

Dryden. Palamon and Arcite, ii. 17. 25. To record business transactions; as, to keep (18) To keep up:

3. One who has the charge, care, or superintendbooks. To enter systematically in proper books; a Transitive:

ence of anything. as, to keep accounts.

"Herne the hunter, (i) To hold up; to prevent from falling; to sup28. To maintain in concubinage; as, to keep a port; as, to keep up one's head,

Sometime a keeper here in Windsor forest." mistress, (ii) To prevent from falling in value; as, to keep

Shakesp.: Merry Wives of Windsor, i. 1. B. Intransitive: up prices,

4. One who remains or abides. 1. To remain or continue in any position or state; (iii) To maintain without abatement.

"So be discreet, chaste, keepers at home good."--Titus, to continue.

“Land kept up its price."-Locke.

ii. 6. "What I keep a week away! seven days and nights; (iv) To maintain; to prevent from ceasing; to 5. A ring worn on the finger to keep a larger Oh weary reckoning !" Shakesp.; Othello, i continue.

one on. 2. To lodge, to dwell, to reside.

"You have enough to keep you alive, and to keep up and 6. A jam nut. "This habitation where thou keepest." improve your hopes of heaven."--Taylor

7. The box on a door-jamb into which the bolt of Shakesp.: Measure for Measure, iii. 1. (b) Intrans.: To maintain one's spirits; not to a lock protrudes, when shot. 2. To remain or continue good or unimpaired; to keep to one's bed or room.

8. The armature of a magnet. A piece of iron continue fresh or wholesome; not to become spoiled. (19) To keep up to the collar: To keep hard at which connects the two poles. "If the malt be not thoroughly dried, the ale it makes work. (Slang.)

9. The mousing of a hook, which prevents its acwill not keep."- Mortimer: Husbandry.

(20) To keep out: To prevent from entering or cidental disengagement. 4. To associate, to frequent. taking possession.

10. The gripper of the flint in a flint-lock. (21) To keep open house: To be very liberal in "Noble minds keep ever with their likes."

II. Harness: The keeper of a buckle-strap; a hospitality. Shakesp.: Julius Cæsar, i. 2.

loop which slips upon the end of the strap, or into (22) To keep a term:

which the strap slides. 3. To take care, to be vigilant, to watch. Univ.: To reside in college during a term.

(1) Keeper of the Great Seal: The British officer 5 (1) To keep an act: To hold an academical (23) To keep the land aboard:

of state who keeps or holds the Great Seal: the disputation. Camb. Univ.)

Naut.: To keep within sight of land as much as Lord Chancellor. For

Lord Chancellor. Formerly he was called Lord (2) To keep at it:

possible. (a) Intrans.: To continue hard at work; not to


(21) To keep the luff or the wind: leare off.

(2) Keeper of the Privy Seal, Lord Privy Seal: An Naut.: To keep close to the wind. (6) Trans.: To keep hard at work.

English officer of state through whose hands pass (25) To keep on foot: To maintain; to support, as (3) To keep back:

all charters, pardons, &c., before they come to the a standing army.

Great Seal. (a) Transitive:

(26) To keep to one's self, to keep one's self to one's (i) To restrain, to hold back.

(3) Keeper of the King's Conscience: The Lord self: To keep aloof from others; to keep one's own Chancellor of England. (ii) To reserve, to withhold.

The designation arose counsel. * To keep back part of the price of the land."-Acts v. 3.

when none but an ecclesiastic was ever Lord Chan. (27) To keep touch:

cellor. (iii) To withhold, to keep secret, not to disclose. (a) To bo faithful to one's engagements.

(4) Keeper of the Rolls: The keeper of the English "I will keep nothing back from you."-Jeremiah xlii. 4.

"Until he find you fail in keeping touch.”—Money records of the session of the peace. The office was

Masters all Things (1698), p. 59. (6) Intrans.: To remain or keep one's self behind

instituted under Henry VIII. in 1545.

(1) To keep up connection with. or back,

*kēep'- ēr-ěss, 8. (Eng. keeper; less.] A woman (O) To keep chapels:

(28) To keep in view: Not to lose sight of; to keep who keeps a man. (Richardson: Clarissa, vi. 359.) Univ.: To attend the daily services in the college ono

anollera one's attention or aim fixed on.
(29) To keep in with: To continue on terms of

*keep'-ěr-lėss, a. (Eng. keeper; -less.] Withchapels.

out a keeper; free from restraint or custody. (5) To keep a person company : To accompany, to intimacy or friendship with ; not to offend. go with. (30) To keep the peace: (PEACE.]

kēep'-ēr-ship, 8. (Eng. keeper; -ship.] The “I have turned away my former self,

office or post of a keeper. So will I those that kept me company." Cricket : To field at the wicket; to take the post

kēep'-låg, *kep-ynge, pr. par., a. & s. [KEEP, v.) Shakesp.: Henry IV., Pt. I., v. 6.

of wicket-keeper.

(1) To preserve is to keep with care, and free A. & B. As pr. par. & particip. adj.: (Soo the (6) To keep company with:

from all injury; to save is to keep laid up in a safe verb.) (a) To use or frequent the society of; to associate place, and freo from destruction. Things are kept o se whetantisse. with.

at all times, and under all circumstances; they are "She could not approve of a young woman keeping com

I. Ordinary Language: preserved in circumstances of peculiar difficulty and pary teith men, without the permission of father or danger: they are saved in the moment in which 1. The act or state of holding or retaining; ro. mother."-Broome: On the Odyssey.

they are threatened with destruction: things are straint, custody, guard. (6) To pay or receive attentions as a lover. kept at pleasure; they are preserved by an exertion 2. Maintenance, support, subsistence, food, keep. (7) To keep doun :

of power; they are saved by the use of extraor- 3. Just proportion, harmony, accord, consistency, (a) Ord. Lang.: To hold in subjection; to pre- dinary means: the shepherd keeps his flock by congruity. vent from rising; to restrain.

simply watching over them; children are sometimes II. Paint.: The arrangement or management of (6) Paint.: To subdue in tone or tint, so that the wonderfully preserved in the midst of the greatest the light. shadows, colors, tints, in such subordinaportion kept down is rendered subordinate to some dangers; things are frequently saved in the midst tion to each other that the general effect is har. other part, and does not, therefore, obtrude on the of fire by the exertions of those present.

monious to the eye. When this is unattended to, a eye of the spectator.

(2) To keep is simply to have by one in such man. barshness is produced, which gives improper isola(c) Milit.: To repress, subdue, or silence artillery ner that it shall not depart; to observe is to keep tion to individual parts, and the picture is said to by an overpowering cannonade.

with a steady attention; to fulfill is to keep to the be out of keeping. "Kaap's battery .

• kept their fire down to a end or to the full intent. A day is either kept or The keeping amounts to little more than having great extent."-a. Doubleday: Chancellorsville, ch. ii.

ooservea, yet the former is not only a more familiar purposely in one's possession; but custody is a par(8) To keep from: To abstain from.

term, but it likewise implies a much less solemn ticularkind of keeping, for the purpose of preventing (9) To keep good (or bad) hours: To be habitually act than the latter; one must add, therefore, the

an escape: inanimate objects may be in one's keepmode in which it is kept, by saying that it is kept ing: but prisoners or that which is in danger of getearly (or late) in returning home or in retiring to test.

holy, kept sacred, or kept as a day of pleasure: the ting away, is placed in custody: a person has in his (10) To keep house :

term observe, however, implies always that it is keeping that which he values as the property of an (a) To keep or maintain a separate establishment

kept religiously: we may keep, but we do not observe absent friend: tho officers of justice get into their for one's self or for one's family.

a birthday; we keep or observe the Sabbath. custody those who have offended against the laws, (6) To remain in the house; to be confined to the (Crabb: Eng. Synon.)

or such property as has been stolen. (Crabb: Eng. house; as, III health compels him to keep house.

kēep, *keepe, *kepe, 8. (KEEP, v.]

Synon.) (11) To keep in: *1. Care, heed. (Wycliffe: Luke x.)

1 In keeping with: In accordance with; agree(a) To hold in confinement; to restrain.

2. The act or state of kēeping; custody, charge. able to, consonant to. (6) To conceal; to keep back; not to disclose. “But gladliest I of your fleecie sheepe

" It was in keeping with the scenery around."--Mrs. H. "You will not extort from me what I am willing to keep (Might it you please) would take on mee the keepe." Wood: Pomeroy Abbey, ch. i. ta"-Shakesp.: Troelfth Night, ii. 1.

Spenser: Mother Hubberd's Tale.

ile, keeping-rooms. The common or usual sitting (c) To restrain; to curb.

3. The state of being kept or preserved; preser- or living-room of a family; in the universities the "If thy daughter bo shameless, keep her in straightly." vation; care, condition; as, These things are in sitting-room of a student. (New Eng. and Eng. -Exclus. xvi. 10. good keep.

Colloq.) Doli, boy; poat, Jowl; cat, çell chorus, chin, bench; go, gem; thin, this; sin, aş; expect, Xenophon, exist. ph = 1.

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kë -110, 8. (French quine=fire winning points or same year Territory of Kentucky organized. Ad. are found-piz., syphilitic, strumous or scrofulous numbers; Lat. quini=five each ; quinque=five.] Amitted as a state June 1, 1792. State constitution ophthalmia, and pustular corneitis. Keratitis, gambling game, an adaptation of lotto, in which adopted same year. Replaced by new one, 1800, when associated with suppuration, as in small-pox, balls and cards are used, each being numbered. Stato furnished 7,000 troops in war of 1812, and 13.700 and other affections, is called onyx, from its (U.S. Colloq.)

r. New resemblance to the lunula of the pail. Perforation kē no-gěn- -sis. 8. Gr. kainos= new, and Eng. constitution, 1850, and amended 1877. Neutral at into the anterior chamber, causing hypopion, somogenesis. I Modified évolution, the salient feature of beginning of civil war. State the scene of contin times happens, when pus or shreds of lymph which is a secondary adaptation of the embryo to pous cavalry raids during the war, and some sharp accumulate there, or its inward perforation may its environment; differs from palingenesis (q. v.).

battles at Perryville, Richmond, &c. Put under causo iritis. kē-no-gē-nět'-ic, adj. [See supra.] Relating to Union soldiers furnished, 75,760.

martial law, 1864. Civil government restored, 1865. kēr-a-to-da, 8. pl. [Gr. keras (gepit. keratos)= kenogenesis.

a born, and eidos=form.] kěn'-spěc-kle, a, [Eng. ken; etym. of second

kěp, v. t. [KEEP, v.] To catch, as in the act of 200l.: Horny sponges (q. v.). element doubtful.] Having marks, qualities, or (Scotch) passing through the air, falling, &c.; to intercept.

kēr-a-tode, s. (KERATODA.] characteristics causing a thing to be a gazing-stock;

Zool. & Chem.: A substance of which the skeleton marked in some peculiar and noticeable manner. kēph-a-lin, 8. [Gr. kephale=the head.] (Scott: Bride of Lammermoor, ch. xviii.)

Chem.: One of the supposed brain-tissue constit strengthened by spiculæ of lime or llint.

of horny sponges is composed. Sometimes it is ként, subst. (Etym, doubtful.) A cudgel, rough uents of a nitrogenous-phosphatic character. walking-stick; a pole; a leaping-pole. (Scotch.) Kěp:-lēr, 8. (Soe def.)

kēr-a-tog'-ē-noŭs, a. (Gr. keras=a horn; genad "He bade me fling down my kent, and sae me and my

=to produce; suff. -ous. ) Bearing or producing

Hist.: John Kepler, a great astronomer and physi- horn. mither yielded."-Scott: Old Mortality, ch. xiv.

cist, born at Weil, in tho Duchy of Wirtemberg, ként, v. t. (KENT, 8.) To push along, as a boat, December 21, 1571, died in November, 1630. (See the

kěr-a-t6i-de-a, s. (KERATOSA.) with a polo; to punt. compounds.)

kēr-a-tome, 8. (Gr. keras (genit. keratos)=a Ként, s. (For etym. seo compound.)

Kepler's-laws, 8. pl.

horn, and tome=a cutting ; temnõ=to cut.

Surg.: A knife used in the operation for artificial Astron.: First, that tho orbit of each planet is an Kent-bugle, s.

pupil and cataract. Also called iridectome, or artiMusic: A keyed bugle introduced by the band- ellipse, the center of the sun being in one of the foci. Kiel

ficial-pupil knife. It is spear-pointed, doublemaster of an Irish regiment in the British army, Second, that every planet so moves that the radius

edged, and may be straight or angular. It is used James Halliday, about the year 1814 or 1815, and vector, or line drawn from it to the sun describes

for making an incision through the cornea into the called the Kent-bugle out of compliment to the equal areas in equal times. Third, that the squareg

anterior chamber, and by slight movements of its Duke of Kent, the father of Her Majesty Queen of the times of the planetary revolutions are as the

cutting edges, upward and downward, the wound is cubos of their mean distances from the sun.

made of proper dimensions, after which the operaKepler's-problem, s.

tion is completed with other instruments. Astron.: The determination of the eccentricity kēr-a-to-nyx-is, 8. (Gr. keras (genit. keratos) of the orbit of a planet from its mean anomaly, or

I its mean anomaly, or =a horn, and nyris=a puncturing.) the planet's place in its orbit at any given moment. Surg.: A terın applied by German surgeons to the

Kěp-lër-1-an a. Eng., &c., Kepler: -ian. Of operation of couching, performed by introduce
or pertaining to Kepler; propounded or established ing a needle through the cornea, and depressing or
by Kepler (q.v.).

broaking the opaque lens. (Brande.)
képt, pret. & pa. par. (KEEP, v. (q. v.)]

kër-a-toph -ỹ11-Ite, 8. (Etym. doubtful; prob. kept-down, a.

from Gr. keras (genit. keratos) =a born; phyllos=& Victoria, be being crionel of tho regiment. The in- Paint.: Subdued in tono or tint, so that that por

leaf, and suff. -ite (Min.) (q.v.).) strurnent became exceedingly popular, in conse tion of a picture thus treated is rendered subordi.

Min.: The same as CARINTHINE (q. v.). quence of the excellent performance of the older nato to some other part, and does not obtrude itself kor-a-tõph--ta. 8. (CERATOPHYTA.) Distin. who introduced it into the orchestra of Her

chestra of Her on the eye of the spectator, which is intended to be

the Miesty's Theater in 1830; the French composer, riveted on some other important portion of the

kěr'-a-to-phyte, s. [KERATOPHYTA.] Adolpho Adam, wrote several solos for it. work.

.: An anthozoon, belonging to the old order Man of Kent: One born in Kent east of the Modway, as distinguished from a Kentish mun, or

kept-mistress, 8. A concubine; a woman sup

Keratophyta (q. v.). one born west of that river.

ported or maintained by a particular person as his kér-a-to-82, 8. [Greek keras (genit. keratos) =

mistroes. Kěnt'-Ish, a. (Eng. Kent; -ish.] Of or portain.

horn ; Lat. pl. suff. -osa. So named because the

skoleton is composed of keratode (g. v.).

kē-răm-Ic, a. (CERAMIC.] ing to the county of Kent, England.

200l.: The name given by Bowerbank to the Kentish-fire.s. A concerted clapping of hands ker-a-mid-i-üm, 8. (Gr. keramis= a roof tile,

Horny Sponges. and stamping at public meetings by way of ap- potters' earth, clay;. cf. also keramos=potters'

kõr--tose, 8. & a. (KERATOSA.] plause, or more frequently as an interruption. The earth, an earthen vossel. name arose from tho protracted cheers given in Bot.: Tho samo as CYSTOCARP (q. v.).

A. As substantive: Kent to tho No-Popery orators in 1828-9. It is also kě-răm-o-grăph'-ic, a. (Gr. keramos=a potter;

-ram-o-graph'-ic, a. (Gr. keramos=a potter; Zool.: The same as KERATODE (q. v.). appliod to the applause at Orange mootings. graphò=to write, and Eng. adj. suff. -ic.! Capablo

B. As adj.: Pertaining to the Keratosa (q.v.). Kentish-glory, 8.

of boing written upon; suitable to be written upon, Entom.: Endromis versicolora, a beautiful moth, a

th as a slate. (Said espocially of a certain kind of Kěr-âul-o-phon, s. [Gr. keras (genit. keratos)= orange-brown with black and white markings, tho globo.)

a horn; uulosra flute, and phunc=sound.

Music: An organ stop, invented by Gray and espansion of the wings about two and a half inches. kor-am-8-hã-lite, 8. [Gr. keramis=clay, and

Davison. Its pipes are of small scale, and are surThe larva, which is not hairy, is whitish-green. hals=sali. Named by Glocker.] feeding on birch in July and August; the perfect Min.: Tho samo as ALUNOG EN (q. v.).

mounted by a movable ring of metal. Its tone is insect appears in April,

kě-ra'-na, kor-rěn'-a, s. (Pers.)

soft, delicate, and reody. Kentish-rag, s. Music: The name of the Persian horn which is

ke-rau-nô-grắp, 8. [Gr, keranos=thunder

grupho=to write.s. A picture or scene impressed Geol.: A calcareous rock belonging to the lower boundod at sunset and at midnight.

upon a victim by a lightning stroke. cretaceous series. In the southeast of England it kēr-ar-sýr-ite, 8. (CERARG YRITE.) is sixty or eighty feet thick. It is of marine origin. kér-a-gin. 8. TEtym. unknown.) A non-phos

kõrb, 8. [CURB, s.) It was in a quarry of Kentish-rag at Maidstone that the great Iguanodon mantelli was discovered. at phatic nitrogenous substance supposed to exist in

kerb-plate, 8. [CURB-PLATE.] the brain.

kõrb-stone, kirb'-stone s. [CURBSTONE.] kěn-tle, 8. (QUINTAL.)

kēr-as-ine, a. (Gr. keras=a horn.) Resembling *kēr-chēr, 8. (KERCHIEF.) A kerchief. com.: A hundred pounds in weight; as, a kentle born in toxture or appearance.

"He became like a man in an exstasie and trance, and of fish. kếnt-lědge, * kẽnt-lage (age as Ig), 8. (O. Fr.

kor-as-ine, kér'-as-ite, s. [Named by Bondani. white us a kercher."- North: Plutarch, p. 746. cant, and Dat. kant=edge.]

Gr. keras-horn; suff. -ite (Min.); Fr. plomb corné; kēr-chēred, a. (Eng. kercher; -ed.) Covered

Ger. hornblei.] Naut.: Pigs of iron for permanent ballast, laid

with a kerchief; bound round with a kerchief.

Min.: The same as MENDIPITE and PHOSGENITE, over the koolson-plates.

E: “Pale Sickness, with her kerchered head np wound.”

tho two minerals being included under the same kén --trol-ite, s. (Named by Damour and Vom namo. (Soe these words.)

G. Fletcher: Christ's Victory in Heaven Rath. Gr. kentron=a spike; suff.-ite (Min.).)

kõr'-āte, 8. (Gr. keras (genit. keratos)=a horn.).

horn, kêr-chief, *ker-chef, *cur-chief, *co-verMin.: A silicate of lead and manganese; orthore rhombic in crystallization; cleavago prismatic, dis(CERARGYLITE.]

chefe, *co-ver-chief, 8. 10. Fr. covrechef, couvre

-. chef. from covrir (Fr. couvrir)=to cover, and chef, tinct; crystals very small, often in sheaf-liko kor-a-tin, s. (Gr. keras (genit. keratos)=a horn;

1. keratos) amorni chief=the head.) groups; hardness, 5; specitic gravity, 6:19; color, suff, -in (Chem.) (q.v.).]

1. A cloth to cover the head; a headdress. dark reddish-brown, blackish on the surface. Chem.: A term applied to tho substanco which

“Her black hair strained away Found with quartz, barytes, and apatito in a brec- forms tho chicf constituent of hair, feathers,

To a scarlet kerohief caught beneath her chin." ciated quartz rock in Southeru Chili. claws, horus, and the epidermis and epithelium of

E. B. Browning: Aurora Leigh, vil Kěn-tăck -, 8. One of the United States of

. tho higher animals. In consequence of its insolu-
bility in alcohol, water, acotic acid, boiling diluto

2. A handkerchief, a napkin.
America. Namo Indian. Sigoities dark and bloody
hydrochloric acid, and dilute sodic hydrate, it is

"The waving kerchiefs of the crowd that urge ground, because the state was the hunting and oasily obtained pure. It dissolves in boiling acetic

The mute adieu to those who wtem the surge." battlo-ground of Indian tribos. Called "Corn acid and in strong alkalies, and when boiled with

Byron: Corsair, i. 16 Cracker State." Explored 1767 by John Finley and

sulphuric acid it decomposes with formation of 3. One who wears a kerchief; a lady. others from North Carolina. Boone settled 1.69,

"The proudest kerohief of the court shall rest and penetrated to the Ohin 1771. Indians rosisted leucine and tyrosine. settlement vigorously. Parified by troaty with kor-2-ti-tis, 8. [Gr. keras (genit. keratos) =a

Well satisfied of what they love the best." Cherokees, March, 1775. Organized as "Colony of horn, and suff. .itis (Pathol.) (q. v.).)

Dryden: Wife of Bath's Tale, 245, Transylvania," but claimed by Virginia, and be- Pathol.: Inflammation of the cornea, with con kêr'-chiefed, *kēr-chleft, a. (Eng. kerchief: came Kentucky county, Va., 1776. Louisville gestion of the conjunctiva and sclerotic coat of the ed.] founded, 1780. Bocame, with Tennossoo, 1790, " Ter- oyo, which may go on tinfiltration by, pus, and 1. Having a kerchief wrapped or placed round. ritory of United States Suuth of the Ohio." and industruction of the sight by ulcoration. Throo formg 2. Dressed, wrappod, enveloped. boll, boy: pout, jowl; cat, çell, chorus, chin, bench; 80, gem; thin, this; sin, ag; expect, Xenophon, exist. ph = 1




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Tětch (4), 8. [CATCH, 8.) A musical catch. Gyrolepis. The plant-remains are ferns, equiseta. 4. Music: (Beaum. & Fletch.: Coronation, i. 1.)

ceæ,cycads, &c. The Keuper is represented in Eng. (1) A mechanical contrivance for closing or opennetche, v. t. (CATCH, v.]

land by saliferous and gypseous shales and marls, ing ventages, as in flutes, clarinets, ophicleides, &c. and in France by Marnes Irisées. (Lyell.)

By means of keys on such instruments, apertures kětch -ŭp, s. [CATCHUP.)

2. Building stones: The Keuper sandstones, espe, too remoto to be reached by the outstretched fin. kë-tine, s. (Variant KETONE (q. v. infra).] cially the lower ones, afford good building stones. gors are brought under control of the player. Chem.: An oily substance of a pungent and aro

They are a pale red yellow or white, and have been (2) A lever which brings the pallets of an organ matic odor, obtained from the reduction of certain largely used in the cathedrals of Worcester and under the control of the hand or foot of an organist. isonitroso compounds of the ketones. Chester. (Rutley.)

(3) A lever which controls the striking apparatus

of a key-stringed instrument. In the harpsichord

kěv'-el (1), 8. (Etym. doubtful.] kë -töneş, s. pl. (A variant of acetone; from acet(ic) reversed, and suff. -one (Chem.) (q. v.).)

Zool.: Antilope kevella (Pallas). A North and hammor."

it acted on the jack; in the pianoforte it acts on the Chem.: A class of bodies derived from the fatty Central African antelope, believed to be akin to, or (4) The wrest or key used for tuning instruments acids by the substitution of the hydroxyl of the even a variety of the gazelle.. It is now known to having metal pegs. Its end is hollowed out so as to latter by a monad positive radical. They resemble be only the young of the gazelle.

fit over the four-sided end of the peg, and the crossthe aldehydes in constitution:

kěv'-e1 (2), s. (Dan. kievle=a peg.]

bar with which it is surmounted gives leverage to Acetic S CH 3. Acetic SCH, 1. Nautical:

the hand of the tuner, so that he is enabled to acid (COO aldehydecor SCH

(1) A large cleat for belaying. Sometimes formed tighten or loosen a string, or (in the case of a drum) by the ends of the top timbers which rise above the sacken or strain aparcament. gunwale, or formed by timbers projecting at a small

(5) The sign placed at the commencement of the scribed as compounds of car: bonic oxide with monad positive radicals, thus: angle from the sides to belayarge ropes, such as musical stave which shows the pitch of the notes.

was originally called a clavis or key. This sign is the sheets and tacks of the main-sail and fore-sail. Acetone=COMe. When acted upon by nascent [CLEAT.)

called in modern music a clef. (CLEF.1 hydrogen they are converted into secondary alco (2) A frame for spreading the main-sail.

(6) Key, in its modern sense, is the starting point bols. The principal ketones are acetone, propiono,

(3) An anchor-palm.

of the definite series of sounds which form the ethyl butyral, butyrone, and benzophenone. [ALDI

2. Mason.: A stonemason's hammer used in spaul. TOCOBA

nood in onon.. recognized scale. Different starting-points require HTDE.

ing stone, and having a blade and point at the

at the the relative proportion of the steps of the scale to kë-ton-IC, 8. [Eng. keton(e), and adj. suff. -ic.) respective ends.

be maintained by means of sharps or flats in the Relating to or obtained from a ketone.

signature. The key of C major requires no flats or kevel-head, s.

sharps for this purpose, hence alled the norkět-tle, *ket-el, *ket-tell, 8. (A. S. cetel, cytel; Naut.: The end of a top timber projecting above mal key. (Stainer & Barrett.). Meso-Goth. katils, borrowed from Lat. catillus=a the gunwale and acting as a bitt or kevel, to belay little bowl, dimin. of catinusra bowl, akin to Gr. 1

5. Plast. That portion of the rendering or first kotylos, kotyle=a little cup; Icel. ketili; Sw. kittel;

of: large ropes, to fasten or veer away a rope, &c. coat of hair plaster which forces its way between Dan. kedel: Dut. ketel: Ger. kessel: Russ. kotel.)

*kev-er-chef, 8. (KERCHIEF.]

the laths, and holds the body of the plaster in place. 1. A metallic vessel in which water or other liquid

6. Rail. Engin.: A wedge-shaped piece of wood *kev-ere, u

To recover. is boiled. In sugar-houses kettles are arranged in

used to keep the rail tight in the chair. to

kix, rows called batteries.

leg.: A device for breaking and closing elec. 2. A kettle-drum (q. v.)..

lock; Corn. cegas, Lat. cicuta=hemlock.] The old tric circuits, so that the current may be interrupted English name for hemlock.

to give signals. f A pretty kettle of fish: (KIDDLE.] kettle-boiler, 8. An old form of steam-boiler with kexes or weeds; weedy.

8. Well-boring: A bent bar of iron spanning the kěx-ý, a. [Eng. ker; •y.) Full of or overgrown

boring-rod just beneath a coupling, and serviag to whose lower portion was shaped as an inverted

support the train of rods at the bore-mouth. conical frustum, and the upper part as a dome. | kẽy (1), 8. [QUAY.]

#'(1) Gold key: The official badge of a chamberThe form resembles that of a tea-kettle.

kēy (2), 8. (Cav.) kettle-drum, s. kēy (3), *keye, 8. [A. S. cæg, cæge; cogn. with

“Be cautious how you show yourself 1. Music: A musical instrument, so named from 0. Fris. kai, kei.)

In public for some hours to come-or hardly 0.

Will that gold key protect you from maltreatment." its resemblance to a hemispherical kettle. It is I. Ordinary Language:

Coleridge: Piccolomini, i. 12. formed of thin copper, and has a head of parch: 1. Literally: ment or vellum. Kettle-drums are used in pairs, (1) A portable instrument of metal for shooting

(2) Key of a position : slone on each side of the withers of a cavalry the lock-bolt of a door; an instrument formed with over any position, district, or country.

Mil.: Å point the position of which gives control horse. One drum is tuned to the key-note, and the cavities or interstices corresponding to the wards other to the fifth of the key in which the piece in of a lock, by which the bolt is moved backward or

(3) Power of the Keys: which they are to be used is written. The tuning is forward.

Roman Theol.: Potestas Clavium, the supreme by a hoop and screws. The best sticks for kettle

authority in the Church, vested by Our Lord in St. “With half a sigh she turned the key."

Peter, and handed down to his successors in the Soo drums are those having whalebone handles with a

Tennyson: The Letters, 18. wooden button covered by a piece of sponge; by

of Rome (Matt. xvi. 19; cf. Isa. xxii. 22; Apoc. iii. 7). the use of these the finest gradations of tone may

(2) An instrument by which something is screwed The phrase is also used, in a restricted sense, to be gained. Kettle-drums are said to have been round or turned.

signify the granting or refusing absolution in the introduced into the orchestra by Handel, who em "Hide the key of the jack."-Swift: Directions to Ser. sacrament of penance (q. v.).

(4) Queen's keys: ployed a pair taken as part of the spoil at the battle vants. of Dettingen, in the score of the Te Deum, written (3) An instrument for drawing teeth.

Scots Law: That part of a warrant which authorin celebration of that event.

(4) The husk containing the seed of an ash.

izes a messenger or sheriff's officer to break open

places locked up, in order to come at a debtor or 2. Society: A tea party held by fashionable 2. Figuratively:

his goods. people in the afternoon before dinner.

(1) That by means of which anything is disclosed, kettle-drummer, 8. One who plays upon a explain

(5) To have the key of the street: To be locked von A explained, or rendered less difficult: a guida kettle-drum.

out; to have no house to go to. kettle-furnace, s. "An emblem without a key to 't is no more than a tale

"There,' said Lowten, 'you've got the key of the of a tub."-L'Estrange.

street.'"-Dickens: Pickwick Papers, ch. xlvii. Metallurgy: 1. A basket-furnace or cresset in which lead or .

(2) That which gives power or control over a key-bed, 8. (KEY-WAY.] solder is melted for plumbing. place or position. (T (2).]

key-board, 8. 2. A furnace in which a kettle or kettles are set II. Technically: in a brick arch, as in sugar-boiling furnaces; or

Music: The range of keys upon a pianoforte or 1. Joinery: above a box-furnace, as in agricultural boilers.

organ. Keys played by the fingers are called man.

(1) A piece of timber let transversely into the nals: those by the feet are called pedals. (EVAPORATOR.

back of a board, which consists of several breadths, *kettle-hat, a. A broad-brimmed iron hat worn to prevent its warping.

key-bolt, s. A bolt secured by a cotter or wedge by knights in the Middle Ages.

(2) The last board of a floor or platform which is instead of a thread and nut.

driven into position and keys up the others. *kettle-pins, 8. pl. Ninepins, skittles.

key-bugle, 8. (3) A tenon piece, of the nature of a dowel, enterkettle-stitch, s.

ing coincident parts in matched boards, and hold. Music: A brass wind instrument with keys, Bookbind.: The stitch made in sewing at the ing them together, or in correspondence.

usually seven. It will traverse chromatically a head and tail of a book.

(4) The roughing on the under side of a veneer, compass of more than two octaves, beginning from

which is made by a toothing-plane, and is designed B natural beneath the stave up to the C above the *ket-trin, s. (CATERAN.] to give the glue a better chance of adhering.

stave. The bugle with pistons or with cylinders ké-to-pa, 8. (A barbarous name with no mean.

(5) One of the many wedge-shaped pieces or has a lower compass than the preceding. ing) (Sharpe.)

striking-plates beneath the ribs of a bridge center- key-chord, s. The common chord of the tonicOrnith.: A genus of Strigidæ. Ketupa ceylonen

ing; by driving them out the centering is struck, e. 9., C, E, G is the key-chord of C. sis is the Indian Fish Owl. It frequents the sides of and the arch left self-sustained. tanks, ponds, &c., in Ceylon. When it cannot ob

2. Masonry: The highest stone of an arch; the key-cold, a. Cold as a key; lifeless, dead. tain ficb, it will eat small mammals, reptiles, &c. mammal. rantilos le keystone.

key-color, s. During the day it is sometimes mobbed by bulbuls,

3. Machinery: king-crows, &c. Its note is like a loud, hollow,

(1) A jogglo-piece forming a lock or in a Paint.: A leading color. disagreeable "haw-haw-haw!” Another Indian joint. [HOOK-BUTT.)

(2) A wedge-piece of iron used for tightening the species, K. flavipes, has similar habits,

key-coupler, 8.

Music: An attachment in a melodeon or parlor. brasses of a bearing. keu'-pér (eu as 61), 8. [Ger.]

(3) A fastening piece, such as a wedge or cotter in organ to couple keys in octaves when desired. The 1. Geol.: The name given in Germany to a series a chain; a forelock.

coupling-levers cross each other, have their fulof beds constituting the uppermost of the three (4) A piece sometimes used in a mortise in con- crums at their rear ends, and are attached at their series of strata from which the Trias derives its nection with gibs, in attaching a strap-head to a intersection. When the levers do not act, an addi. name. In Wurtemberg it is about a thousand feet connecting-rod.

tional pressure is put upon the valves. thick. Alberti divides it into limestone, gypsum, (5) A fin or wedge fastening a crank on its shaft.

key-fastener, 8. An attachment to a lock to preand carbonaceous slate clay. Remains of reptiles A long key on a shaft, which prevents the revolu

vent the turning of the key by an outsider. -genera, Nothosaurus and Phytosaurus-have been tion of a wheel thereon, but permits longitudinal found in it, the Labyrinthodont order of Ampbib- motion, is called a spline.

key-file, 8. A flat file having a constant thickians, and fishes of the genera Saurichthys and (6) A spanner or wrench.

ness, and used in filing the ward-notches in keys. boll, boy; póut, Jówl; cat, cell, chorus, chin, bench; go, gem; thin, this; sin, aş; expect, Xenophon, exist. ph = f.

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