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John jo-cond-1-tý, subst. [Eng. jocund; -ity.) The (3) Jog-jog: In a jogging manner; slowly. in crystallization; soluble in water. Found at state or quality of being jocund; merriment, gaiety.

“For then the farmers come, jog-fog,

Joachimsthal, Bohemia, in small crystals associ. joc -ěnd-lğ, adv. (English jocund; -ly.) With

Along the miry road."

ated with uraninite. jocundity; blithely, merrily, gaily.

Cooper: Yearly Distress. Jõ-hặn'-nite, a. [Lat. Johannes=John (seo joc -ŭnd-něns, 8. (English jocund; ness.] Tho

jog, 8. (Jog, v.]

def.); suff. -ite.] Of or belonging to John the Bapsame as JOCUNDITY (q. v.).

I. Ordinary Language:

tist, the Apostle John, or any teacher of the same

name. jõe (1), JÖ-eỹ, 8. [For etym, see def.) A popular 1. A slight push or blow, usually for the purpose

Johannite Christians, s. pl. name for the English fourpenny piece, probably a of arousing attention.

Ecclesiol.: The same as Christians of St. John. derisive allusion to Joseph Hume, M.P. (1771-1835), 2. Irregularity of motion, caused by some ob

(John, 1 (1).] who is said to have strongly recommended that coin struction. for the payment of cab-fares for short distances. II. Mech.: A square notch; a joggle (q. v.).

Jõhn (1), 8. [Gr. Ioannēs, from Heb. Yohanan=

the gift of Jehovah, the name of ten persons menJõe (2), 8. (Shortened for Joe Miller (q. v.).] An Jog-trot, s. & a.

tioned in the Old Testament (2 Kings xxv. 23, old joke.

A. As subst.: A slow, jogging kind of trot; hence, 1 Chron. iii. 15, vi. 9, 10, &c. Cf. also Yonathan= Jo -ěl, s. (Heb. Yoel; Gr. Jõēl. Jo is a contrac- a slow routine method, generally obstinately ad: given by Jehovah.) tion of Jehovab, and el'is God. (El.) Joel, there- hered to, of performing daily duties.

Script. Biog.: The name of four men mentioned fore, is = To whom Jehovah is God-i. e., a B. As adj.: Monotonous; performed by routine;

in the New Testament. worshiper of Jehovah.

1. Jobn the Baptist. easy-going. (Thackeray: English Humorists, lect. Script. Biog.: The name of a Hebrew prophet, ii.)

2. John the Apostle. His father was Zebedee and of more than twelve other persons (1) men

(Matt. iy. 21), his mother Salome (cf. Matt. xxvii. tioned in the Old Testament (1 Sam. viii. 23; 1 Chr. Jog'-ger, 8. [Eng. jog, V.; -er.]

56 with Mark xv. 40, xvi. 1). His father was a fishiv. 35, v. 12, &c.)

*1. One who walks or moves lazily, heavily, or erman who kept hired servants (Mark. i. 20), and The Book of Joel: slowly.

was therefore of some position. John was called Old Test, Canon: A prophetic book of the Old 2. One who jogs or gives a sudden push to another with his brother James to follow Jesus (Matt. iv. Testament, written by Joel, the second of the minor for the purpose of arousing attention.

21). His nature was of that sensitive kind which prophets. Nothing is known of him except that he

is the temperament of genius, eloquence, passion, O jõg-gle, v. t. & i. (Freq. of jog, v. (q. v.)] was the son of Pethuel (i. 1). Joel seems to have

and love. In the first three gospels he figures as lived in Judah. The main object of his book is to A. Transitive:

Boanerges, or Son of Thunder (Mark iii. 17), and in counsel repentance, in connection with a fearful1. Ord. Lang.: To communicate an unsteady. the excess of his zeal he wished to call down fire

from heaven on a village of the Samaritans because visitation of locusts, accompanied drought, wavering motion to, by a slight sudden flush or which bad desolated the land (ch. i., ii. 1-12). Then shake; to jostle.

“they did not roceive Jesus (Luke ix. 54). In there follows a prediction that the Spirit of God 2. Carp.: To unite by jogs, or mortise. so as to the fourth gospel the loving elements of his characshonld be poured out on all flesh, with celestial reve- prevent sliding apart.

ter alono appear. He was the disciple whom Jesus lations to young and old (ii. 28), a passago which St. B. Intrans.: To move with unsteady, wavering

loved (John xx. 2). He was personally acquainted Peter refers to as being fulfilled in the Pentecostal

ith unsteady, wavering with Caiaphas, the high priest (John xvhi. 15, 16, effusion of the Holy Ghost (Acts ji. 16-21). motion; to totter, to shake.

19, 28). At the crucifixion the mother of Jesus was The date of Joel is doubtful. He has been placed Jog'-gle, 8. [JOGGLE, v.]

entrusted to bis care, and he took her to his house in the reign of Joash (B.C. 878-838), in that of Uzziah 1. Arch. (pl.): Shoulders on a truss-post, support (John xix. 27). With Peter he was early at the (803-756), in which case he was a contemporary of ing the lower ends of struts or braces.

sepulcher (xx. 2-4). After the resurrection he reAmos, with whose prophecies several verses of Joel 2. Masonry : A joint-piece. or dowel-pin. let into mained at Jerusalem for at least fifteen years (Acts agree. (Cf. Joel i. 4. ii. 25 with Amos iv. 6-9; Joel the adjacent faces of two stones to preserve them lll., iv.; cf. xv. 6 with Gal. 11. 9). Tradition asserts iii. 4-6 with Amos i. 6-10; Joel iii. 16 with Amos i. 2, in proper relative position. It may vary in form that he visited Rome, and was there, before the and ver. 18 with Amos ix. 13.) Others suppose him and may approach in its shape either the dowel or Latin

Latin Gate, plunged into a caldron of boiling oil, to have lived in the reign of Joram (B. C. 893 or cramp (q. y.). The stones of the Parthenon at

The Parthenon ut from which he was supernaturally delivered, so 892-883-4); or in that of Manasseh (B. C.699-644). If Athens were united by oak-joggles.

that he was a martyr in will, though not in deed. there is a reference in Joel iii. 2 to the captivity of

The Roman Church commemorates this circumthe ten tribes, and in ver. 1 to that of the two, this

joggle-beam, s.

stanceon May 6, under the title S. Johannes ante would indicate a late date, as the mention of the Carp.: A built-beam, the parts of which are jog. Portam Latinam. It is also said that when a Grecians in verso 6 perhaps may do. The canonical gled together.

poisoned chalice was given him, he made the sign authority of Joel has never been seriously disputed. joggle-joint, 8.

of the cross over it, and the poison fled from it in

the form of an asp. At a later period he was banJõe Mil-lér, s. [From Joseph Miller (1681-1738), Masonry: A mode of uniting the stones of ashlar ished to Patmos, where he saw the apocalyptic witty actor, who was a favorite about the time masonry.

vision (Rev. i. 9). Tradition makes his last sphere Congreve's plays were fashionable.]

Joggle-piece, 8.

Ephesus, where he died at an advanced age. (T2, npilation, Joe Miller's Jeste published a year after the death of the supposed Carp.: The upright member in the middle of a 3,4; also REVELATION)

3. A dignitary mentioned in Acts iv. 6. author, was the work of John Mottley (1692-1750), truss; a king-post.

4. John Mark. (MARK.) but the term has been used to pass off, not only the joggle-post, s. original stock, but thousands of jokes manufact

1. Christians of St. John, Disciples of John: Carp.: A post baving shoulders to receive the Ecclesiol.: The first name was given by Euro ured long after Miller was buried in the churchyard feet of struts.

peans to, and the second assumed by, a Jewish sect, of St. Clement Danes. (Cates.)

perhaps descended from the Hemerobaptists men.

joggle-truss, s. 2. A jest-book, especially one in which the jokes

tioned by early Christian writers. They are followare old, and the wit the reverse of sparkling.

Carp.: A hanging-post truss with one post.

ers of John the Baptist rather than of John the Jõe Mil-lēr-Işm, s. (Joe Miller; -ism.]

joggle-work, 8.

Apostle. They live in Persia and Arabia, especially 1. A stale jest; a flat, dull joke. Masonry : Work in which tho courses are secured at Bassora, and are called by the Orientals Sabeans.

2. The Epistles General of St. John: 1 2. The art or practice of indulging in Joo Miller's by joggles, so as to prevent their slipping on each

(1) The first epistle: No name indicating author. -i.e., of making or retailing stale, dull jokes. other; as the courses of an abutment under the

ship appears in the letter itself, but the style is that Joe MIl-lēr-ize, v. t. (Eng. Joe Miller; -ize.] thrust of an arch.

of the fourth gospel, and thirty-five passages are To give a jesting or jocular character to; to mingle

S jög:-1, jõg'-le, s. (Yogi.)

nearly the same in each. The external evidence for with jokes or jests.

Jó-hăn -na, 8. [A female proper name, corre- its genuineness and authenticity is very strong. Jõe-pye, s. [Proper name.] (See etym, and sponding to the masculine Latin namo Johannes.] Evidence in its favor is adducible from Polycarp, compound.)

Astron.: An asteroid (q. V.).

Papias as quoted by Eusebius, Origen, Clement of

Alexandria, and Tertullian, and Eusebius ranked it

Jö-hăn-nề -ăn, a. [Lat. Johanne(s), and suff. Joepye-weed, s.

among his homologoumena, or books unanimously Bot.: An American name for Eupatorium purpu. John, or his scriptures. rou. -an.) Of or relating to John; specif., the Apostle

accepted. Scaliger (1484-1558) believed that it was reum.

not from the Apostle, and was followed by Lange 10-ey, e. A slang word for the young of the



Jõ-hặn-n%8, 8. [Mod. Lat., from Gr. Iõa mẽ and the Tübingen school; but the general opinion =John.]

of Christians is strongly in its favor. Its date has kangaroo and other marsupials. 5 Wood-and-water-joey: A roustabout; a useful P.

Numis.: The name formerly given to the old gold been fixed between A. D. 70 and 96 or 100, the last boy about a domestic establishment. (Colloq.) Tus Portuguese pēça, worth about $8.64. It is so called being the most probable. The epistle treats of love.

The definition "God is Love" is from iv. 16. Its jog, jogge, v. t. & i. (Etym. doubtful; cf. Wel.

opening looks like an assault upon the doctrine of gogi=to shake, to agitate.)

the Docetæ (q. v.). The verse (v.7) concerning the A. Trans.: To push or strike lightly, usually with

Heavenly witnesses is considered an interpolation. the hand or elbow, for the purpose of exciting at

(2) The second episile: It is written by "the tention; to jostle.

elder" to "the elect lady and her children." The

external evidence for it is much weaker than that B. Intransitive:

for the first epistle, and Eusebius placed it among 1. To move with an easy, leisurely pace, in which

the antilogoumena, or books not universally ac. the strides resemble jogs or shocks. (In both senses

cepted. Its theme, like that of the first, is love, but usually followed by on, sometimes by over.)


love does not require heretics to be entertained. “The good old ways our sires jogged safely o'er."

(3) The third epistle: This was addressed by the Browning: Paracelsus, iv. from the representation of King John, which it

elder" to "the well-beloved Gaius.” The domi. 2. To walk or travel idly, heavily, or slowly. bears. The name was often contracted into Joo or neering Diotrephesis censured, Demetrius com3. To get through life with little exertion and less Jo; as, a joe, a half-joe.

mended. In point of evidence it stands like the progress.

second opistle. Jo-hăn -nis-bêrg, s. [A castle near Wiesbaden, (1) To be jogging: To start on a journey; to where the grapes from which the wine is prepared

3. The Gospel according to St. John: take one's departure. are grown.) A Rhenish wine of the finest quality.

New Test. Canon: The fourth gospel, and distinct

from the others in various respects. They record “You may be jogging while your boots are green." German: Johannisberger wein.

chiefly the ministry of Jesus in Galilee; it treats of Shakesp.: Taming of the Shrew, iii. 2.

Jo-hăn-nite, 8. [Named by Haidinger after His labors in Jerusalem. While they chiefly illus. (2) To jog one's memory, to jog one's elbow: To Johann, who discovered it; suff. -ite (Min.).) trate His humanity, it gives special prominence to recall to the memory of a person some duty or prom• Min.: Ahydrated sulphate of uranium and cop. His divinity. But there are resemblances too

Min.: A hydrated sulphate of uranium a ise apparently forgotten.

per, of emerald to apple-green color. Monoclinic family of Bothany figures in Luke x. 38-42, as well boll, boy; pout, JOWl; cat, çeli, chorus, chin, bench; go, ģem; thin, this; sin, aş; expect, Xenophon, exist., ph = f.

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as in John: the last gospel records the feeding of John-son-ěse', 8. (From Dr. Johnson ; suff. -ese.) Join -ēr, *joyn-er, 8. (Eng. join, v.; -er.] th five thousand (John vi. 5-13), as do the others The literary style or language of Dr. Samuel John (Matt. xiv. 15-21, Mark vi. 35-44, Luke ix. 10-17). So son ; a pompous, inflated style, much affecting the

I. Ord. Lang.: One who or that which joins. also the crucifixion and the resurrection are re- use of classical words.

II. Building: corded in them all.

1. A workman whose business or occupation is to The author of the book of John was well John'-sõn grăss, s. [Named after its introducer,

r, construct articles by joining pieces of wood with acquainted with the topography of Jerusalem (ch. W. Johnson of Alabama. A perennial grass, sor framings, glue, nails, &c.; specif., one who conv. 2, ix. 7), and with the Jewish feasts, which he ghum halipense, first planted in our southwestern structs the woodwork for houses. (JOINERY.] carófully rocords (ii. 13. vii. 2. X. 22, '&c.). His states in 1840-45. Called also Cuba grass, Means Greek is of a Hebraic type, though not so much so as grass, Evergreen millet and Arabian millet.

"A poet does not work by square or line,

As smiths and joiners perfect a design." that of the Apocalypse. As the author tells moreJõhn-son-1-an, a. (From Dr. Johnson; adj. suff.

Couper: Conversation, 790. than any of the other three evangelists what passed within the apostolic circle, presumably he was stolic circle, presumably he was his style: pompous, 11

ian.) Pertaining to or resembling Dr. Johnson or 2. A wood-working machine for doing various himself an apostle. The book itself does not name

kinds of work, such as sawing, planing, and thickits author; the nearly uniform voice of antiquity John-son-1-an-Ism, s. (Eng. Johnsonian; -ism.] nes

nessing, mortising, tenoning (single or double), assigned it to St. John. In modern times there has A word or idiom peculiar to or characteristic of Dr. rabbeting, mitering, molding and beading, chain

cross-cutting and squaring-up, grooving, tongueing, been serious controversy on the subject, rationalists Johnson; a style resembliug that of Dr. Johnson.

fering, wedge-cutting, boring, and a great variety maintaining that it was penned too late in the second century to have emanated from St. John, who, VOA.

Jõhn-son-işm, s. (Eng. Johnson; -ism.] The of other operations." atlatest, cannot have lived beyond A. D. 100. The same as JOHNSONIANISM (q. V.).

Joiner's-chisel, 8. A thin-bladed paring chisel. large majority of theologians, however, consider it John'-stôn-ite, s. [Named by Greg and Lettsom of earlier date. On the one hand Papias, as quoted after Johnston, who analyzed it; suff. -ite (Min.).) gluing up doors and other wide objects.

joiner's-clamp, s. A carpenter's tool used in by Eusebius, does not seem to have known it, Min.: Now shown to be galena (q.v.), mixed with though he wasbishop of Hieropolis, near Ephesus, free sulphur.

Joiner's-gauge, s. A scribing tool to make a where it is believed to have been first published.

mark on a board parallel to the edge of the latter. On the other hand, there are abundant testimonies - Join, *joign, joyn, v. t. & i. (Fr. joindre, from

Joiner's-plane, 8. A bench plane for facing and to it in the latter half of the second century. Thus, Lat. jungo, from the same root as Sansc. yaj=to Tatian (166-171) quotes it often, and Irenæus bishop join, and Eng. yoke.]

matching boards. of Lyons, from about 177, does so eighty times; also *A. Transitive:

Join -ēr-ý, s. . [Eng. joiner; -y.) Tho art or ocperhaps Justin Martyr refers to it about A. D. 150,

cupation of a joiner; specif. as distinguished from 138 or 139, or 147, and again in 161; possibly Barnabas

1. To connect; to attach one to another in con.

carpentry, the art of framing the finishing work of and Ignatius earlier. If in the latter half of the tiguity; to unite one with another.

houses, doors, windows, shutters, blinds, cupsecond century the knowledge of it was so widely "A common slave (you know him well by sight) boards, band-railing of stairs, balconies, and galdiffused, there must have been a prior period dur

Held up his left hand, which did flame and burn

leries, mantelpieces (if of wood), the construction ing which acquaintance with it must have been

Like twenty torches joined."

of permanent fittings, and the covering of all rough spreading from a center. Hilgenfeld, a recent

Shakesp.: Julius Cæsar, i. 3.

timber. rationalistic writer (1875), is willing to grant it as 2. To couple, to combine, to associate. early a date as 132 to 140, and another one, Keim

join-ing, *joyn-ing, pr. par., a. & s. [Joix, v.)

“In this faculty of repeating and joining togetber its (1875), as 130 A. D. But in 1868 Prof. Hofstede De ideas, the mind has great power."-Locke.

A. & B. As pr. par. & particip. adj.: (See the Groot, of Groningen, in Holland, cited from Hippo

verb.) lytus a statement that the gnostic Basilides, whoso

3. To add.

C. As subst.: The act of uniting, coupling, or at exact date had been unknown, had a communica- "Woe unto them that join house to house, that lay field taching together; a joint. tion from Matthias the Apostle, whom he person to field." -Isaiah v. 8.

"All was of stone of berile. Ally knew. If so, he lived in the first century, and A. To unite in marriage.

Without peces or joynings." he undoubtedly quotes the Gospel by St. John. If

Chaucer: House of Fame, bk. iil. Hippolytus' statement is correct. then the Gospel. "What God hath joined together, let not man put asun

joint, *joynt, *joynte, 8. & a. [O. Fr. joinct by St. John is undoubtedly a production of the dermattnew XIX. B. apostolic era.

5. To give in marriage.

(Fr. joint), properly the pa. par, of joindre = to 4. The Book of Revelation of St. John the Divine: “Therefore he that joyneth his virgin in matrymonyo

join, from Lat. jungo, pa. par. of junctus; Sp. & (REVELATION, 11.]

Port.junta; Ital. giunta.) doith wel."--Wyclif: 1 Cor. vii. John-a-dreams, 8. A visionary; an idle dreamer.

*A. As substantive: 6. To unite in concord.

I. Ordinary Language: John-a-nokes, John-at-the-oaks, 8. A ficti. “Be perfectly joined together in the same mind.”—

1. A junction or mode of joining parts in a struct tious name formerly used in English law proceed- 1 Cor. i.'10. ings.

ure; the place or part where two separate things 7. To associate or attach one's self to; to become John-a-stiles. John-at-the-stiles. 8. A name connected with; to act in concert with; to become things joined or not: aiunction, an articulation, a

ome are joined, either so as to permit motion in the usou like John-a-nokes (q. v.).

a member of; as, to join the army, to join a society. hinge John Bull. [BULL.) A cant name for an Eng*8. To command, to enjoin.

"In laying on the lack upon good and fine-joyned work, lishman ; probably because of his beef-eating pro

“They join them penance."--Tyndale; Works, i. 281.

they frequently spoil the joynts, edges, or corners of pensities.

9. To engage in. (JOIN, T (1).]

drawers or cabinets."-Dampier: Voyages (an. 1688). John Cheese, 8. A clown. B. Intransitive:

*2. A limb. John-crow vulture, s. 1. To be contiguous, close, or in contact ; to form

3. One of the larger pieces into which a butcher

cuts up a carcass. Ornith.: A name given in Jamaica to the Turkey a phy Jamaica to the Turkov a physical union; to coalesce; to unite into one. 2. To adjoin; to be adjacent.

In bringing a joint of meat, it falls out of your hand." Buzzard (q. v.).

-Swift: Instructions to Servants. “Justus's house joined hard to the synagogue."--Aots John crow's nose, 8. A West Indian name for xviii. 7.

II. Technically: Phyllocoryne jamaicensis. [JIM Crow.) 3. To unite; to be or become associated, as in

1. Anat.: A joint, or articulation, may be defined John Doe, s. views, partnership, society, marriage, confederacy.

to be the union of any two segments of an animal

1 body, through the intervention of a structure or Law: A name formerly given to the fictitious &c.; to be confederate; to be leagued together.

structures different from botb. (Todd d Bouman: lessee of the plaintiff in the mixed action of eject. “In conclusion they would join to make war on the Phys. anat., i. 131.) The different kinds of joints ment, that of the fictitious defendant being Richard king."-Burnet: Hist. Reform. (an. 1542).

may be thus classified: 1. Synarthrosis: (1) Suture, Roe.

4. To meet in hostile encounter; to engage in bat (2) Schindylesis, (3) Gomphosis, (4) Amphiarthrosis. “But if the lessor made out his title in a satisfactory tle; to join battle.

2. Diarthrosis: (1) Arthrodia, (2) Enarthrosis, (3) manner, then judgment and a writ of possession were

Ginglymus, and (4) Diarthrosis rotatorius. The awarded to John Doe, the nominal plaintiff, who by this

“Look you, all you that kiss my lady peace at home, that trial had proved the right of John Rogers, his supposed our armies join not in a hot day."--Shakesp.: Henry IV.,

terms Symphysis, Synchondrosis, Syneurosis, SysPt. II., i, 2.

sarcosis, and Mennigosis, formerly applied to joints, lessor." - Blackstone: Comment., bk. iii., ch. 7.

are now discarded. [See all these words. 1 John-to-whit, s.

(1) To join battle: To engage in hostile encoun.

2. Arch. The surface of contact between two ter. '(1 Samuel iv. 2.) Ornith.: Vireosgloia olisacea, a fly.catcher, a

bodies, joined and held together by means of (2) To join issue: (Issue.]

cement, mortar, &c., or by a superincumbent weight. native of the West Indies, the note of which is like

3. Bookbinding: The lateral projection of the

Join, s. (Join, v.] A joint, a junction, John-to-whit. (Ogilvie.)

back to correspond to or cover the thickness of the John Trot, s. A clown.

join-hand, joining hand, 8. Writing in which

sides. the letters aro joined together in words, as distin. 4. Bot. (pl.): The places at which the pieces of a John's-wort, 8. [St. John's-wort.) guished from writing in single letters.

stem are articulated together. John (2), s. (A corruption of Fr. jaune.)

*Join'-ant, a. (0. Fr.] Adjoining, contiguous, 5. Carp.: A mode of securing together the meeting John-dory, s. (DOREE.] adjacent.

edges of wooden structures; the place where one

piece of timber is united to another. The straight john -ăp-ple, s. [Etym. of first element doubt- Join'-dễr, *joyn-der, s. (Fr. joindre.]

joint is where the edges make a butt-joint, being ful; Eng. apple.) An apple useful as retaining its *I. Ord. Lang.: The act of joining; conjunction. planed straight. Timbers are generally joined by freshness for a long time.

"A contract of eternal bond of love, mortises and tenons, or by straps and bolts. The John'-nie, John-ný, 8. [Dimin. of John.]

Confirmed by mutual joinder of your hands." various kinds of joints are named according to their Ornith.: The name given by whalers to Pygoscelis

Shakesp.: Twelfth Night, v. 1. teniata, a kind of penguin found at Kerguelen II. Law:

(1) A butting joint, in carp., is one in which the Island, &c.

fibers of one piece aro perpendicular to those of the 1. The joining or coupling of two things in one

other; in machinery, one in which the pieces meet Johnny Crapaud, 8. A ludicrous name given to suit or action.

at right angles. a Frenchman or the French peoplo colloctivoly. 2. The joining or coupling of two or more parties

(2) A berel joint, one in which the plane of the Jõhn -ny-cake, s. [Eng. Johnny, dimin. of John, as defendants in one suit.

joint is parallel to the fibers of one piece and

3. The acceptance by a party in an action of the oblique to those of the other. and cake.] 1. A cake made of maize meal mixed with water. challenge laid down in his adversary's demurrer or

(3) Dove-tail joint. [DOVETAIL.) and baked on the hearth. "! last pleading.

(4) A longitudinal joint is one in which the com2. A New Englander.

*jbine, v. t. [Join, v.) To enjoin.

mon scam runs parallel with the fibers of both. fāte, făt, färe, amidst, whãt, fàli, father; wē, wět, hëre, camel, hêr, thêre; pine, pit, sïre, sir, marîne; gó, pot,

of your handhi, v. 1.

varios and uses, thus in carp., is one to those of the for A butting jou hare perpendi



jointly (5) A miter joint, one formed by the meeting of Joint-coupling, 8.

Joint, *joynt, v. t. & i. (JOINT, .] patching pieces in a frame, the parts uniting on a Mach.: A form of universal joint for coupling line bisecting the angle, which is usually, but not sections of shafting.

A. Transitive: necessarily, one of 90°.

I. Ordinary Language: (6) A square joint, one in which the plane of the *Joint-evil, 8.

1. To form in joints or articulations; to articulata joint is at right angles to the fibers of one piece, Path.: Evil or disease of the joints; specif., ono “The fingers are jointed together for motion, and fur and parallel to those of the other. that gives them undue prominenco.

nished with several muscles."-Ray: On the Creation. (See also mortise, rabbet, scarf, tenon, universal joint, &c.) Other joints are known by some pecul. Joint-fastening, 8.

2. To unite by one or more joints; to join together larity of 'finish or application, as bracket, cham- Railway: A fish-bar or other means of locking the

to unite. fered, covering, diamond, frontal, plain, side, sus. adjacent ends of two rails.

"Branches which, being dead many years, shall after pended joints.

revive, be jointed to the old stock, and freshly grow." 6. Geol.: A natural fissure or lino of parting tray. Joint-nat, 8.

Shakesp.: Cymbeline, v. 4. ersing rocks in a straight and well-determined Law: A fiat issued against two or more trading *3. To unite closely, to combine, to league to line, often at right angles to the planes of stratifi. partners by a common creditor.

gether. cation. If in a quarry a sufficient number of joints foint-file. s. A small file without taper, and

· "Jointing their force 'gainst Cæsar." cross each other, the rock is broken up into sym

Shakesp.: Antony and Cleopatra, i. 2. metrical blocks, thus greatly facilitating the labors circular in its cross-section. It is used for dressing

4. To divide or cut into joints or pieces: to sepa. of the men employed. The faces of the joints are out the holes for the joint-wire in snuff-boxes, &c. generally smoother and more regular than the sur

and in preparing tho apertures for the pintles of rato the joints of. face of true strata. The partings which divide binges.

"About cutting it up, quartering, jointing, seething.

and roasting, he spent a greater part of the night." columnar basalt into prisms are joints. The spaces joint-ir, 8.

P. Ilolland: Plutarch, p. 614. between two joints show no tendency to split indef. Bot. (pl.): The order Gnetacoæ (q. v.). initely, thus distinguishing it from slaty cleavage.

II. Carp. &Join.: To plano and prepare the edges

Toint heirs. An heir having a joint interest of timbers. (CLEAVAGE. (Lyell.) Rutley considers jointing due to the consolidation either of sediment by dry6 with another.

B. Intrans.: To unite or coalesco as by'joints of ing or of eruptive matter by cooling. This makes joint-hinge, 8. A strap-hinge. (HINGE, 8.] parts fitting into each other. them so contract as to produce fracture along moro *loint-laborer. 8. A fellow-laborer.

Joint -ěd, *joynt-ed, a. (Eng. joint; -ed.) or loss parallel lines. 7. Masonry: The face-joints of voussoirs are those joint-like, a. Resembling joints; jointed.

I. Ordinary Language:
which appear on the face of the arch. The vertical
joint is between stones of the same course. The

1. Full of joints or knots; knotty.
joint-obligant, s.
Joint-obnaut, S.

"Three cubits high the jointed herbage shoots." horizontal joint is between courses. The coursing Scots Law: A person under the same obligation as

Philips. joint is the joint between the courses of voussoirs. another to do something specified.

2. Provided or formed with joints. The heading joint is that between two voussoirs in joint-nine.

"""Twixt the neck and throat the jointed plate the same course. The flush-joint is filled up to the

Gave entrance."

Pope: Homer's Iliad, xxii. 408 face by pointing with mortar. Gas: A short section of pipe forming a connection

3. Having joints or limbs. 8. Plumbing : The sheets of sheet-metal roofing between two lengths, and usually having threaded are joined by a drip-jointor a flashing-joint in cases sockets into which the parts are screwed; a socket.

Being nimbler joynted than the rest."

Spenser: Muiopot mos. where they are not soldered. A flush-joint or jump joint-pliers, 8. A pair of pliers adapted for II. Botany : joint is a butt-joint covered with a plate on the securing the joints of compasses and similar instru- 1. Separating nearly or even falling to pieces at inner side, called the butt-plate. In a lap-joint tho

ments; also pliers by which the hinging of watch the joints; as the legumes of Ornithopus or the pieces overlap each other.

cases is effected. 9. Rail. Eng.: The place where the ends of two

leaflets of Guilandina bonduc.. rails meet, or the mode in which they are joined.

*Joint-racking, a. Causing pain in the joints. 2. Looking as if it possessed joints, as the stem

and leaves of Juncus articulatus. (Lindley.) 10. An opinm-emoking den; any resort of bad re- (Milton: P.L., XI. 488.) pute. (Slang.)

Joint-resolution, 8. A resolution to be acted on Jointed-ferns, 8. pl. B. As adjective:

concurrently by both houses of a legislative body. Bot.: The order Equisetaceæ (q. v.). 1. Joined together, coupled, united,

*Joint-ring, 8. A ring jointed, so as to consist jointed-microscope, 8. A pocket microscope in of two equal parts.

which the handle and lens-holder shut down against “Of bodies seuen in speciall joint-rule, s.

the slide on which the object pliers are adjustable. With foure spirites joynt withall."

Gover: C. A., iv. Parliamentary practice: A rule adopted by the Joint'-ěd-ly, adv. [Eng. jointed; "ly.] In a 2. United; combined; acting together or in com

concurrent action of both houses of a legislativo jointed manner; with joints. bipation. body.

joint'-ēr, 8. [Eng. joint; -er.) "In a war carried on by the joint force of so many

joint-saw, 8. A saw with a curved working face, I. Ord. Lang.: One who or that which joints, nations, France could send troops."-Addison. (Todd.) dised in making the joints of compasses and other

II. Technically: similar work. 3. Associated, connected. .

1. Masonry: * From a joint connexion and unavoidable coherence of *Joint-servant, 8. A fellow servant.

(1) A tool for filling the mortar cracks between which propositions one with another, it clearly appears,

"I took him,

courses of bricks. A pointing tool. that it is not weakness but want of conscience."-South:

Made him joint-servant with me, gave him way

(2) A tool for marking the mortar-joints. Bermons, vol. iii., ser. 6.

In all."
Shakesp.: Coriolanus, v. 6.

2. Coopering: The stave-jointer is a large, station4. United or associated in tho same profession: , Joint-session, 8. A meeting of two legislative ary plane on which the edges of the staves are 4. United or associated in tho same profession; bodies or committees as one

worked. The heading-jointer has a straight-edged baving an interest in common.

bit. Tho backing, or side-jointer, otherwise called *Pride then was not: nor arts, that pride to aid:

*joint-sick, a. Suffering from pain in the joints.

the over-shave, has a concave-edged bit, and is used Man walk'd with beast, joint tenant of the shade." Joint-stock, 8. Stock held in common.

for dressing the backs of staves. The insbave bas a Pope: Essay on Nan, iii. 152

Joint-stock company: A company or association convex-edged bit, and is used for dressing the inner 6. Shared in common by different persons.

of a number of individuals for the purpose of carry. faces of staves. "Entertain no more of it,

ing on some business or undertaking, in which the3. Build.: A bent strip of iron inserted into a wall Than a joint burden laid upon us all.'

shares of each member are transferable without to strengthen tho joint. Shakesp.: Henry IV., Pt. II., v. 2 the consent of the other partners; a private cor- jointer-plane, s. 6. United; continuing or lasting together. poration.

Coopering: * Settled on William and Mary for their joint and sepjoint-stool, s.

1. A plane fivo or six feet long, its lower end rest kate lives."--Vacuulay: Hist. Eng., ch. xv.

1. Ord. Lang.: A stool made with jointed parts: ing upon the ground, and its upper end supported

upon a prop, the inclined sole being presented Out of joint :

a folding stool. 1. Lit.: Luxated, dislocated.

2. Engin.: A block holding up the ends of parts upward for the staves, which are jointed thereon.

which belong in apposition, as railway metals, ways 2. A jointing.plane (9. V.): "Jacob's thigh was out of joint."--Genesis xxxiii. 25. of vessels, &c.

joint-ing, *joynt-ing, pr. par., a. & 8. (JOINT, v.] 2. Fig.: Thrown into confusion or disorder; dig. joint-tenancy, s.

A. & B. As pr. par. & particip. adj.: (See the ordered.

Law. (See extract.)

verb.) "The time is out of joint, oh cursed spitel That ever I was born to set it right."

"An estate in joint-tenancy is where lande or tenements C. As substantive: Shakesp.. Hamlet, i. 6.

are granted to two or more persons, to hold in fee-simple, 1. Ord. Lang.: The act or process of joining with

fee-tail, for life, for years, or at will. Its creation des a joint. Joint-ache, *joint-ach, s. pends on the wording of the deed or devise by which the

2. Geol.: The operation of producing joints in Bot.: Rottenness manifesting itself at the junc

tenants claim title; for this estate can only arise by pur.

chase or grant, that is, by the act of the parties, and tion of the branches, and caused by the age of the

by puri rocks; the joints thus produced. (Rutley.) (JOINT,

A. II.6.) never by the mere act of law." -Blackstone: Comment.. tree (7). bk. ii., ch.9.

jointing-plane, s. "No trees are exempt from the worme, the blasting, and the joini-ach."--P. Holland: Pliny, bk. xvii., ch. xxiv. joint-tenant, s.

Joinery: A plane with a long stock, used to trao Law: One who holds an estate by joint-tenancy.

Lan. One who holds on ostote by jointstononny the edges of boards or staves which are to be accojoint-actions, 8. pl.

rately fitted together. It is 2 feet 6 inches long, and Law : Actions in which several persons are so joint-wire, s.

tho work is called shooting the joints. equally concerned that one cannot sue or be sued

which form the joints of watch-cases, lockets, &c.; without the others.

jointing-rule, s. a piece is hard soldered to each leat, and a solid Bricklaying: A straight rule about six feet long. joint-chair, 8.

wire runs through to form the pintle. It is drawn used by bricklayers in marking with white paine Railroay Eng.: A chair or shoe which supports the upon a piece of steel wire, one end being tapered along each Joint of the brickwork. ends of a butting rails.

off with a filo, so that the tube and wire aro grasped joint-lēss, a. [Eng. joint; less.] Without i joint-committee, s. A committee composed of

together by the dogs and drawn after the manner joint; having no joint.

of of a solid wire. members of both houses of a legislative body,

joint-1ỹ, *joynt-ly, adv. (Eng. joint; -ly.) appointed by concurrent rosolution of the two joint-worm, 8.

1. In a joint manner or state; together. bouses. Zool.: Tho tape-worm (q. v.).

2. In common, in company. boil, boy; pout, Jówl; cat, çell, chorus, chin, bench; go, gem; thin, this; sin, aş; expect, Xenophon, exist. ph = t.

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för-am, s. (JORUM.]
J0-80, 8.

II. Technically:
Jor'-dan, s. (Lat. Jordanes ; Gr. Iordants; Heb. Ichthy.: A small fish of the Gudgeon species. 1. Bookkeep.: A book in which the transactions

jo88, 8. (Chineso.)

of each day are entered in the order in which they Geog.. The celebrated river of Palestine.

occur. The separato items are afterward copied

Religions: The penates or household gods of the Jordan-almonds, s. pl. A name for sweet al. Chinese. Every family has its joss.

into other books, as the ledger, &c. monds.

2. Mach.: That portion of a shaft which rests in Joss-house, 8.

the bearings. jor -dan, *jor-dane, *jor-den, *Jorr-deyne, Jur-don, 8.

3. Naut.: A daily register of the ship's course and Religions: A Chinese temple. [Properly à Jordan-vessel=one in

distance, the wind, weather, &c. which pilgrims who visited the Holy Land brought Joss-stick, 8. A reed covered with the dust of

Journal-bearing, 8. back water from the river Jordan for baptismal fragrant woods, and burnt before idols in China. purposes. 1

*jos-sa, interi. [A corrupt. of Eng. hol and Fr. Mach. : [JOURNAL-BOX. ] 1. A kind of pot or vessel formerly used by phy- ca.] Here come hither.

*journal-book, 8. A book for entering the events sirians and alchemists. It was very much in the

“Stand, stand: jossa, warderere."

or transactions of each day; a journal. form of a soda-water bottle, only the neck was

Chaucer: C. T., 4,100. Journal-box, 8. longer, being not much smaller than the body of the vessel. (Halliicell.)

Jog'-sa-Ite, 8. (Named by Breithaupt after Mach.: The carrier of a journal; the box on 2. A chamber-pot. Major-General Jossa: suff. -ite (Min

which the journal of a shaft, axle, or pin bears and "They will allow us ne'er a jorden."-Shakesp.: Henry

Min.: Orthorhombic crystallization, luster vit moves. IT., P. 1., il. 1.

reous to waxy, stroak dull yellowish-white. Hard- wjoũr-nal-ar-ý, a. (Eng. journal; -ary.] Daily,

ness, 3; specific gravity, 5.2. Gives reactions of jor -dan-ite, s. (Named by Vom Rath after Dr. chromic acid, lead and zinc: occurs in small Jordan, of Saarbruck; suff. -ite (Min.).]

orange-yellow crystals at Beresowsk, in the Urals. Jour-nəl-işm, 8. [Eng. journal; -ism.] Min.: An orthorhombic mineral, occurring in the Russia.

*1. The keeping of a journal. dolomite of the Binnenthal, Switzerland, in fine

2. The business, occupation, or profession of pub. crystals. Composition : Sulphur, arsenic, and lead. joust; frequent. suff. -le.]

jõs'-tle, *jūs'-tle (tle as el), v. t. & i. [Eng. 1:4

lishing, writing in, or conducting a journal; tho Hardness, 3; streak pure black.

influence of public journals; the profession of a jör -ŭm, . (Etym. doubtful; perhaps a corrup

A. Transitive:

journalist. tion of Jordan (q. v.).]

1. To push against, to hustle, to rush against; to

Joûr-nal-Ist, s. (Eng. journal; -ist.) 1. A large bowl or vessel for drinking. (Colloq.) push so as to force out of one's way.

"Bullies jostled him into the kennel."- Macaulay: Hist. 2. The quantity of liquor contained in such a ves

$1. One who keeps or writes in a journal or diary. 2

2. One who conducts or writes in or for a publio Eng. ch. iii.

journal; an editor, critic, or correspondent of a "Apply for a jorum of Newcastle beer.” 2. To crowd up against; to elbow.

newspaper. Cunningham: Newcastle Beer. “Officers of the Life Guards, all plumes and gold lace,

joũr-nal-ist-Ic, a. [Eng. journalist; -ic.) OL 10 -şê-ite, s. [Named by Damour after the local.

the local fostled professors in trencher caps and black gowns."-
Macaulay: Hist. Eng., ch. xxi.

or pertaining to journals or journalism.
ity where discovered, San José, Minas Geraes,
Brazıl: suff.-ite (Min.).]

joũr-nal-ize, v. t. & i. (Eng. journal; -ize.] B. Intrans.: To push, to hustle, to crowd. Min.: A telluride of bismuth in which part of the jõs'-tle, s. A rush or crowding together; a jolt

A. Trans.: To enter in a journal or diary; to set tellurium is replaced by selenium and sulphur. ing by contact, as of one individual with another.

down a daily account of events or transactions. Hexagonal, with perfect basal cleavage; soft; spe

tõs'-tle-měnt (tle as el), s. (Eng. jostle ; -ment.] nalist; to contribute to or conduct a journal.

B. Intrans.: To follow the profession of a jour cific gravity, 7-92-7-93. Color, grayish-black.

Crowding, pushing against, hustling.
JÕ-şěph, s. (Gr. Tösēph; Heb. Yoseph=Joseph,
Jót, 8. (Lat. iota, from Gr. i5ta=the letter i, from

joũr-neỹ, *jorne, *jour-nee, *jour-nei, s. [Fr, the son of Jacob.] (See etym. and compounds.)

journée a day, a day's work, a day's travel, frong yod, the smallest letter of the Hebrew alphabet; Lat. diurnus daily: dies=a day: Sp. jornada: Joseph's-coat, s.

Dut. jot: Sp. & Ital. jota. (IOTA.] A tittle; tho ltal. giornata: Low Lat. jornata=a day's work. Bot.: A popular name for Amaranthus tricolor. least bit or amount assignable; an iota. "You do mistake me, sir.' -'No, sir, no fot.'” –

I. Ordinary Language:
Joseph's-lower, s.
Shakesp.: Twelfth Night, iii. 4.

*1. A day's work or travel.
Bot.: Tragopogon pratense.
jõt (1), v. t. [JOT, s.) To make a brief note or

2. Passage or travel from ono place to another.

3. Passago through life. jo -şoph, 8. [Etym. doubtful; perhaps in refer- memorandum of. (Usually followed by the adverb

“We must all have the same journey's end, if we hope ence to Joseph's coat of many colors.) A riding. down.)

to get to heaven, but some may meet with a freer road dress for ladies, having buttons down to the skirts. jõt (2), v. t. [Prob. from 0. Fr. jacter: Latin ... in their journey than others." --Stillingfleet: Ser.

to "Olivia would be drawn as an Amazon. ... dressed jacto.] To jolt, to jog, to nudge. (Provincial.)

t o jolt. to jog to pudge. (Provincial.) Mons, vol. iv., ser. 3. In a green joseph." -- Goldsmith: Vicar of Wakefield,

jõt-tēr, 8. [Eng. jot (1), v.; -er.]

B. Mint.: The same as JOURNEY-WEIGHT (q.v.). ch. xvi. Josh -+-a, s. (Heb. Yehoshua; Greek lēsous.] 1. Ono who jots down notes or memoranda.

*Journey-bated, a. Fatigued or worn out with 2. A book in which memoranda are set down.

a journey. (Jests.) Script. Biog.: The name of four persons mentioned jõt'-ting, pr. par., a. & 8. (Jor (1), v.]

Journey-weight, s. A term used in the English in tho Old Testament (Joshua i. 1:1 Sam. vi. 14, 18:

Mint for fifteen pounds' weight, (701 sovereigns) of $ A. & B. As pr. par. & particip. adj.: (See the coinod gold, or sixty pounds' weight of coined silver 2 Kings xxiii, 8: Haggai i. 1). The last-named

verb.) Joshua is tho Jeshua of Ezra v. 2. The earliest and

(792 crowns, 1,584 half-crowns, 3,960 shillings, or most celebrated of the four, after whom the other C. As subst.: A brief note; a memorandum. 7,920 sixpences). threo were named, was the son of Nun, an Ephraim- logg.s. Lat. iugum = a vokel A pillory a journey-work, 8. Work by a journeyman ot ito (1 Chron. vii. 27), who first appears as com instrument of torture consisting of an iron collar

any craft performed for hire; work done by the manding the Israelites by appointment of Moses es fixed round the neck of the offender and fastened

d day. during tho fight with Amalek (Exod. xvii. 9, 10, 13). i to a wall or a post.

joũr'-neỹ, *Jour-nie, v. i. & t. (JOURNEY, S.] He was with Moses just after his descent from Sipai (xxxii, 17); he was then a servant of Moses,

"Set an old woman in the jougs."-Scott: Waverley, A. Intrans.: To travel; to pass from one place to and a young man (xxxiii. 11). He was one of two ch. x.

another. spies who reported the practicability of conquering *jouissance, "jouisance (pron. zhô-Is-sans'), “ We greet not here as man conversing man, Canaan (Numb. xiv.). Before the death of Moses 8. (Fr.) Jollity, mirth, merriment, enjoyment.

Met at an oak, or journeying o'er a plain." Joshua was divinely named his successor, and Joûk, *jowk, jook, v. i. [Jook.)

Pope: Homer's niad, xxii, 168 formally invested with authority (xxvii. 18). He

*B. Trans.: To traverse; to travel over of afterward lead the Israelitish host in the conquest jõule, s. (Named from the eminent English through. of Canaan. He died at the age of 110, and was physicist, James P. Joule.) buried at Timnath-serah. in Mount Ephraim

"And, in a palmer's weeds arrayed, Elect.: The unit of heat and work; the volte

My hated name and form to shade, (Jashna xxiv. 30). coulomb.

I journeyed many a land." The Book of Joshua: jounce, v. t. [Perhaps connected with joult

Scott: Marmion, v. 6. Script. Canon: The sixth book of the Old Testa. (q. v.).) To jolt or shake by rough riding.

joũr'-neç-ēr, 8. (Eng. journey; -er.) One who ment, immediately succeeding the Pentateuch in the Hebrew. The name appears to have been given jounce, 8. [JOUNCE, v.] A jolt, a shake.

journeys; a traveler. because Joshua was the leading human personage joũr-nal, *jour-nall, a.& 8. [Fr. journal, from Jour'-ney-man, 8. [Eng. journey; -man.) Prop. in the boxk. It is naturally divided into three Latin diurnalis = daily : dies = a day: Sp. iornal: erly, a workman hired by the day; but now goner parts: first, the conquest of Canaan (i.-xii.); Ital. giornale.

ally applied to any mochanic who bas learned his second, the partition of the land, or Jowish domesday-book (xiii.-xxii.); and third, Joshua's final ad.

trade; a mechanic. *A. As adj.: Daily, diurnal.

“I have thought some of nature's journeymen had mado dress to the people (xxiii., xxiv.). The events

"Eru twice the sun had made his journal greeting."

men, and not made them well."-Shakesp.. Hamlet, iii. 1. recorded are considered to have occupied about

Shakesp.: Measure for Measure, iv. 3. iro years, from B. C. 1451 to 1426. The ex. B. As substantive:

joũr-ney-wom-an, 8. [English journey, and pression to this day" occurs fourteen times in the

woman.) A woman hired by the day.

I. Ordinary Language: book, opce of Rahab's dwelling among the people

“No journeycoman sem pstress is half so much a slave (vi. 25), and apparently of tho life of Caleb (xiv. 14).

of Cebix 1 1. An account of the transactions or events of each as I am.”--Fielding: Miser, i. 3. Hence, all but the concluding verses havo been day; a diary.

jôust, *jouste, *just, *juste, 8. (O. Fr. juste, attributed to Joshua, or ono of the elders who out

"A tasteless journal of the day before."

jouste; Fr. joust. ) [JOUST, v.) A tilting-match; a lived him. Many Rationalists place it much later.

Cowper: Conversation, 276. 'mock combat or conflict of peace between knights Colonso resolves it. like the books of the Pentateuch, 2. A record of events or news, properly one pub- in the middle ages, as a trial of valor. The cominto various parts. One is an original story, which lished daily, but now extended to any newspaper or batants used blunted spears, but wero still subject hdated in the later part of David's or the earlier other periodical published at certain intervals. to much danger from sudden blows on horseback. part of Solomon's reign. A considerable part he Thus wo may speak of a weekly, monthly, or yearly A joust differed from a tournament in that the latattributes to the "Deuteronomist," whom he places journal; a publication recording the transactions ter was a conflict between many knights, divided in the reign of Manasseh, and he supposes a third of a society; as, the Journal of the Geological into parties, and engaged at the same time; the portion to belong to what he terms the “Later Society.

joust was a separate trial of skill, where only one Legislation," during the Captivity.

*3. A day's work or labor; a day's journey. man was opposed to another bou. boy; pout, Jowl; cat, çell, chorus, chin, bench; go, gem; thin, this; sin, aş; expect, Xenophon, exist. ph = £

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