Abbildungen der Seite



Jesuits'-nut *Jerque, v. t. [JERGUE.] jěs'-sa-mine, s. (JASMINE.)

*jęsting-stock, *jesting-stocke, 8. A laughingJerquer, 8. (JERGUER.] *jěs'-sa-mỹ, s. [A corrupt. of jessamine (q. v.).] *

stock. jěr-reēd', jer-rid, s. (JEREED.)

A fop, from the fops' habit of wearing sprigs of jěst - Ing-1ğ, adv. [Eng. jesting; ly.] In a jestjěr'-rý, s. [A contemptuous abbreviation of jessamine in their button-holes.

ing, joking manner; not in earnest. Jeremiah, originating probably after the Restora- jěss'-ant, a. (A corrupt. of issuant (q. v.).]

“Bacchus ... shaking with laughter, thus jestingly tion, in ridicule of the Puritans, among whom the


Boyse; Wine the Cure for Love. use of Old Testament names was common; cf. Jere• Her.: A term used to express the shooting forth

tjěst'-word, s. [Eng. jest, and word.) A person miad. The use of the term in the building trade. or springing up of vegetables. it is said, arose in Liverpool, England, when the jessant-de-lis, s.

or thing made the object of jest or ridicule; a northern suburb was being built, shortly after the

laughing-stock, a butt.

Her.: A term applied to the head of a leopard, passing of the Deerhouse Act, in 1820.] [JERRY having a fleur-de-lis passing through it.

“The iest-word of a mocking band."-Whittier. SHOP.]

Jěş'-u-āte, 8. (Eng. Jesu(8); -ate; Fr. Jésuate. jerry-builder, s. A speculative builder of houses

Jěs-8ě, s. [See def.] A large brass candlestick,

: So called from the frequency with which the order of the lowest kind, the materials employed being of

branched with many sconces, hanging down in the
middle of a church or choir: so called from its re-

pronounced the name of Jesus.]
the commonest description.
semblance to the genealogical-tree of Jesse, the

Church Hist. (pl.): A name ultimately given to a jerry-built, adj. Unsubstantially built; con- father of David, a picture of which used to be

he monastic order, which, when first founded in 1368, structed hastil nd of bad materials.

hung up in churches. The idea of representing Our

Our was called Apostolic Clerks (q. v.). “Two lumps of plaster fall from the roof of the jerry. Lord's genealogy under the semblance of a vine Jěş'-4-It, 8. [Eng. Jesu(s); suff.-it; Fr. Jésuite.] built palace; then the curse begins to work."-Pall Mall arose probably from the passage in Isaiah xi. 1. Gazette.

1. Ch. Hist. (pl.): The Society of Jesus, the most jerry-shop, 8. A beerhouse, so called on account

Jesse-window, 8.

celebrated ecclesiastical order of modern times. of its inferiority to a fully-licensed house. (Tom

Arch.: A window of which the tracery and glaz

The great religious revolution of the sixteenth cen. AND-JERRY.] (Eng.)

ing represent a genealogical-tree of Jesse. There is tury ran through the three stages which tend to jer'-r8-măn-đẽ, v. 1. [GERRYMANDER.)

a famous one at Dorchester. in Oxfordshire. Eng. occur in revolutions in general. First there was a land.

moderate departure from the previously existing jēr'-geỹ, 8. [From the island of that name.)

state of things; then the Anabaptists burst loose

jěssed, a. [Eng. jess; -ed.] 1. Fine yarn wool.

from control, and went into extravagances and ex2. Combed wool; the finest wool separated from Her.: Having jesses on. (Said of a hawk.) cesses. (ANABAPTISTS.] Reaction then became inthe rest.

jěst, *gest, *geste, 8. [0. Fr. geste; from Lat.

evitable, and if a suitable leader should arise was 3. A close-fitting woolen shirt worn in rowing, &c. gesta(res) =(a thing) done, from gestus, pa. par. of

bound to become powerful. That leader was found (GUERNSEY.]

in Don Inigo Lopez de Recalde, generally known gero=to carry out, to do.] [GEST.]

from the castle of Loyola where he was born. in Jersey-livelong, s. *1. A story, a tale.

1491, as Ignatius Loyola. He became an officer of Bot.: Gnaphalium luteo-album. *2. An exploit, a deed, an achievement.

great bravery in the army, though he was not above

3. A joke; something ludicrous said or done to Jersey-pine, s.

the ordinary military vices, Dreadfully wounded provoke mirth. Bot.: Pinus inops.

in 1521 while defending Pampeluna against the "Too bitter is thy jest."

French, and long confined in consequence to a sick Jersey star-thistle, s.

Shakesp.: Love's Labor's Lost, iv. 3.

bed, he saw the vanity of the world, and, renouncBot.: Centaurea aspera or isnardi, a rare plant, 4. The object of laughter or mirth; a laughing- ing it, resolved in future on a devotedly religious found in Guernsey rather than in Jersey stock.

life. When, on his recovery, he was at the UniverJersey-thistle, s.

“The earnest of each was the jest of the other."-Ma. sity of Paris, he made converts of two fellow Bot.: Centaurea isnardi. caulay: Hist. Eng., ch. iii.

students who lodged with him, one a youth of aristo

cratic descent, Francis Xavier, afterward the Jě-rů -sa-1ěm (1), s. &a. [Heb. Yerushalaim= *5. A masque; a masquerade.

Apostle of the Indies. In 1531 he and they, with the well-known sacred city, the capital of Pales 6. The contrary to earnest or seriousness.

four others, seven in all, formed a kind of religious tine.] (See etym. and compounds.)

“ 'Tis no jest that I do hate thee."

society, the members of which preached through Jerusalem-cross, 8.

Shakesp.: Midsummer Night's Dream, iii. 2.

the country. On August 15 of that year they took Bot.: Lychnis chalcedonica.

| In jest: As a jest or joke; not seriously or in vows of chastity, absolute poverty, devotion to the earnest.

care of Christians, and to the conversion of infidels. Jerusalem-pony, s. An ass. Jerusalem-sage, 8.

*Jest-monger, 8. A jester, a joker; one fond of This was the germ of the Jesuit order. Loyola, or given to jesting.

like most other Spaniards of aristocratic descent, Bot. : Phlomis fruticosa.

was devotedly attached to the old order of things, Jerusalem-star, s.

jěst, v. i. & t. [JEST, s.]

rudely shaken by the Reformation. A soldier, he

bethought him of an army in which inferiors should Bot.: (1) Tragopogon porrifolius; (2) Cerastium

A. Intransitive: omentosum.

1. To joke: to utter jests; to provoke mirth by give implicit obedience to their superiors. A gen

eral should command, and should have none above ludicrous actions or words; to make game. Jerusalem-thorn, 8.

him but the Pope, to whom he should give loyal

"He must observe their mood on whom he jests." Bot.: Parkinsonia aculeata.

support. Paul III. issued a bull in 1540 sanctioning

Shakesp.: Troelsth Night, iii. 1. jě-ru-sa-lěm (2), s. (A corruption of Italian

the establishment of the order with certain restricgirasole = the sunflower (Helianthus tuberosus).]

*2. To play a part in a masque or masquerade. tions, swept away three years later. In 1542 Loyola 3. To make light, to laugh.

was chosen general of the order, and afterward re(See the compound.)

"He jests at scars that never felt a wound."

sided generally at Rome. His followers went everyJerusalem-artichoke, 8. (ARTICHOKE.)

Shakesp.: Romeo and Juliet, ii. 2. where giving special attention to the education of jēr'-vic, a. (Eng. jerv(ine); -ic.] (See the com- *B. Transitive :

youth, the instruction of adults by preaching, the pound.)

defense of Catholicism against heretics and unbe1. To utter in jest; to say jestingly.

lievers, and the conversion of the heathen and jervic-acid, s.

2. To make a jest or joke on; to make game of.

Mohammedans. His order spread with great rapidChem.: C4H10122H20. An acid extracted from | One jests in order to make others laugh; one ity, and at the death of Loyola on July 31, 1556, conwhite hellebore by Weppen, in 1872. It requires 100 jokes in order to please one's self. The jest is sisted of above 1.000 persons with 100 hönses parts of water for solution at the ordinary temper- directed at the object; the joke is practiced with divided into twelva provinces' The Jasnite ran ature, and a little less of boiling alcohol. It is the person or on the person. One attempts to make dered great service to the Papacy, but ultimately decidedly acid, and forms crystallizable salts, con- a thing laughable or ridiculous by jesting about it, became unpopular with the civil government in taining four equivalents of metal.

or treating it in a jesting manner; one attempts to most Roman Catholic countries. The people jēr-vir r-vine,

. ierria)
excite good humor in others, or indulge it in one's

thought them crafty. (See the derivative words of Veratrum album; -in, -ine (Chem.).]

self, by joking with them. To make game of is ap- which follow. In September. 1759, an order was Chem.: C30H46N2O2.2H20. An alkaloid discovered plicable only to persons; to make a sport of, or given for the expulsion of the Jesuits from Portuby E. Simon in the root of white hellebore (Vera Sport with, is applied to objects in general. (Crabbi gal and Brazil. In 1764 the order was suppressed trum album), in which it exists together with vera- Eng. Synon.)

in France, and its property confiscated. On March trine. To obtain it, the alcoholic extract of the *jěst-eē', 8. [Eng. jest; -ee.] A person on whom 31, 1767, similar destruction overtook it in Spain, powdered root is mixed with dilute hydrochloric a jest is made; a butt.

and soon after in Spanish America, and next, after acid, and sodium carbonate added. The resulting

no resulting "The jester and jestee."-Sterne: Tristram Shandy, i. 65. 1768, in the Two Sicilies and Parma, till at length precipitate is separated by filtration, dissolved in

on July 21, 1773, the Pope issued a bull suppressing alcohol, decolorized with charcoal, and the alcohol jěst:-ēr, *gest-our, s. (Eng. jest; -er.]

the order altogether. Austria and the other Roman removed by distillation. The solid residue obtained *1. A professional story-teller.

Catholic states obeyed the decree. In August, 1814, is a mixture of jervine and veratrine; the latter 2. One who jests or jokes; a merry fellow.

Pope Pius VII. reëstablished it. In June, 1817. the being uncrystallizable, may be entirely removed by 3. A buffoon; a person retained by persons of Jesuits were expelled from Russia, and the British submitting it to pressure; or the residue may be high rank to make sport for them and their friends. Roman Catholic Emancipation Act, 10 Geo. IV. c. 7, treated with dilute sulphuric acid, which takes up The jester wore a motley or particolored dress, with passed in 1829, left them under some disabilities, the veratrine sulphate, and leaves the jervine sul- a cap or head-dress furnished with belis and asses' which have since been removed. Upon being ex. phate. When pure, it is colorless, odorless, and

pelled from France, many of them sought an asylum tasteless, insoluble in water, readily soluble in alco

“Dressed in the motley garb that jesters wear."

in England and this country, successfully claiming hol, and sparingly so in ammonia. Its most charac

Longfellow: Sicilian's Tale, i.

that religious liberty which is considered the right teristic reaction is said to be with strong sulphuric acid, which colors it first yellow, then green. With

of all religious organizations.

jěst'-fůl, a. [Eng. jest: -ful(1).] Full of jests or 2. Fig.: A sly, crafty, intrigueing person. acids it yields salts which are all very soluble. "acu jokes; given to jesting or joking.

Jesuits'-bark, s. jēss, s. [A corrupt. of 0. Fr. jects, or gects, from jèst'-ing, pr. par., a. & 8. [JEST, v.] jecter: Lat. jacto=to throw.)

A. As pr. par.: (See the verb.)

Pharm., &c.: Cinchona bark, so called because

its virtues were first made known by the Jesuit mis. 1. A short strap of leather with which hawks were B. As adj.: Fit for joking: to be jested about. tied by the leg, and to which the leash was attached.

"He will find that these are no jesting matters." -
“ The pomp and flutter of brave falconry,

Jesuits'-drops, 8. pl.
Macaulay Hist. Eng., ch. xv.
The bells, the jesses, and bright scarlet hood."
Longfellow: Student's Tale. C. As subst.: The act or practice of joking; a jest.

Pharm.: Friar's balsam (q. v.).
2. A ribbon hanging down from a garland or "jesting-beam, s. A beam introduced into a Jesuits'-nut, 8.
crown in falconry.
building for appearance, not for use.

Bot.: The nut of Trapa natans. [TRAPA.] fāte, făt, färe, amidst, whãt, fâli, father; wē, wět, hëre, camel, hēr, thêre; pine, pit, sïre, sir, marîne; gó, pot,

[ocr errors]



jewbush Jesuits'-powder, 8. 1. Ordinary Language:

Jet-tý, jet-teě, 8. [O. Fr. Jettée, properly tho Pharm.: Powdered cinchona bark.

The act of throwing or shooting ont: a sudden fem. of tho pa. par. of jetter=to throw. rush or shooting out of water.

1. Arch.: Tho part of a building which jets orjuta Jesuits' tea, s.

2. A :pout or tube for the discharge of water. over beyond the ground plan. Bol.: Iler paraguensis. (Pope: Dunciad, ii. 177.)

2. Hydraulic Enginering: *jog -u -it, v. t. & i. (From Jesuit, s. (q. v.).] 3. That which shoots or issues ont. as. a iet of (1) A construction of wood, rubble-stone, or A. Trans.: To make a Jesuit of. water..

masonry projecting into the sea, and serving as a 4. Drift, scope, meaning, as of an argument.

wharf or pier for landing and shipping, or as a mole B. Intrans.: To act on Josuitical principles.

II. Technically:

to protect a harbor. jēş -y-It-ěd, pa. par.d adj. (JESUIT, v. t. & 1.)

"The friendly harbour. that shoots far out into the 1. Foundry: A tube or channel for passing melted main its moles and jettees to receive us." —Burke: On the As pa. par.: (See the verb.) metal into a mnold.

Economical Reform. B. As adj. : Rendered like or conformable to the 2. Print.: The sprue of a type, which is broken principles of the Jesuits. from it when the type is cold.

(2) A structure round the piled foundation of a

bridge pier. Jşş-y-it-ěss, s. (Eng. Jesuit; -ess; Fr. Jésuit- jet-ant, s.

jět'-ty-hěad, s. [Eng. jetty, and head.] The Entom.: Formica fuliginosa, a British species, projecting part at the head or end of a wharf. Church Hist. : A member of an order of nuns es- which makes out of masticated wood-dust a nest of tablished with rules similar to those obtaining cardboard, which it manufactures in the stumps of

*jeà, 8. (Fr.) A game; a play. among the Jesuits. It was abolished by Urban trees.

jeû -de-möts, (ts silent), phr. (Fr.) A play on VIII. in 1630.

jet-pump, s. A pump stated to have been orig.

words; a pun. joz-u-it -ic, Jěs-u-It-Ic-al, a. [Eng., &c. Jesuit; inally contrived to empty the pits of submerged jeu d'esprit (t silent), phr. (Fr.) A witticism. ic, -ical; Fr. Jésuitique.]

water-wbeels. It acts by the pressure of a column Jew, *Jewe (ew as û), 8. [O. Fr. Juis (pl.); Mod. 1. Literally:

of air passing through an annular throat; or, con- Fr. Juif (sing.); Prov. juzien, jusien; Sp. judio: (1) Of or belonging to the Jesuits or their method versely, an annular jet around a central orifice. It Port. judeo; ltal. giudeo, from Lat. judæus, Gr. of procedure. has since been used in oil-wells.

Ioudaios, from Lat. Judæa; Gr. Ioudaia=Judæa; 13) Belonging to Jesus College, Oxford, England.

jět (2), *geat, 8. [Greek gagatēs, from Gagas, a Heb. Yehudah=Judah. (Seo def.).]

1ět (2). *geat. s. [Greek (Smollett: Humphrey Clinker.) town in Asia Minor.)

1. Ord. Lang., Ethnol., & Hist.: A Somitic race 2. Figuratively: (1) Using polite speech to gain personal ends.

Min.: A black and compact variety of lignite and people, chiefly from the tribe of Judah. The (2) Making subtle distinctions to avoid the legit

(q. v.), hard, light, and capable of being turned ten tribes carried into captivity to Assyria are not Imate force of an argument.

into articles for personal ornament; takes a good reported ever to have returned in mass, though inpolish.

dividuals probably did so. Both Judæa and Galilee (3) Cunning, crafty, deceitful.

jet-black, a. As black or jet of the deepest black

were, therefore, peopled after the Babylonish capjěş-u-It-Ic-al-1ğ, adv. [English, &c., jesuitic; color.

tivity by the two tribes of Judah and Benjamin.

The latter was small, and therefore Judah gave 1. Por procedure): In a jesuitical manner; cun

"His locks upon his forehead twine:

name first to Judæa, the Roman province, and then

Jet-black, save where some touch of gray ningly, craftily,

to the Jewish people.

Has ta'en the youthful hue away." 2. (Of argumentation): Disingenuously.

Scott: Lord of the Isles, iv. 22.

2. Colloq.: A mean, grasping fellow; a usurer. "To reason more jesuitically than the Jesuits them- jet d'eau, Jette d'eau, 8. (JETTEAU.)

Jew-baiting, 8. A contemptuous appellation for selves."-Macaulay: Hist. Eng. ch. xiv.

the fanatical persecution of the Jews, practiced

jět, *jette, v. i. & t. (O. Fr.jetter, jecter, getter= even to the present date by intolerant mobs and jēg-u-it-ish, a. [Eng. Jesuit; -ish.] Somewhat to cast or fling; Lat. jacto, frequent. of jacio=to their fanatical or calculating loaders in parts of Jesuitical (q. v.). throw.)

Russia and even of Germany. Jěş-4-It-işm, s. [Eng. Jesuit; -ism; Fr. Jésu- A. Intransitive:

jew-bush, 8. (JEWBUSH.] itisme.]

1. To cast or fling about; to shoot out; to jut onto jews'-apple, s. [MAD-APPLE.] 1. Lil.: The principles, acts, or practicos of the *2. To ect insolently. Jesuits.

Jew's-ear, 8.

“Think you not how dangerous 2. Fig.: Disingeniousness, craft, deceit; insidious It is to get upon a prince's right?"

Bot.: A tough but gelatinous fungus, Hirneola pretenses to gain personal ends.

Shakesp.: Titus Andronious, il. 1 (exidia) auricula judæ, which grows on elder and

elm trees, and was formerly used as an ingredient *Jěş-0-It-oc-ra-cy, 8. (Eng. Jesuit; o connect B. Trans.: To shoot out, to emit, to spout out. ive, and Gr. krateu=to rule, to govern.)

jět -ēr-ŭs, 8. (Etym, doubtful.]

jew's-eye, Jewess'-eye, $. A popular simile for 1. The form of government, secret or avowed, in

Bot.: A morbid yellowness of parts which nor- anything extremely valuable. The extortions to which the Jesuits rule over the community. mally aro green ; vegetable jaundico.

which the Jews were subject in the Middle Ages, "The charming result of a century of Jesuitooracy."

jět'-sam, 1ět'-son, jět-t1-son, s. fo. Fr. jetters and the cruel mutilations to which they were ex. C. Kimsley: Yeast, ch. v.

to throw; Eng., &c., suff. -sam=together.] [Flor. posed if they refused to pay the sums demanded of 2. The whole body of the Jesuits in a country or or SAM.)

them, probably gave rise to this expression. Collier in the world viewed as thus ruling.

1. Tho act of throwing goods, cargo, &c., overboard notes that in the older editions this expression is Jēg-u-It-rý, s. (Eng. Jesuit; -ry.) The same as in order to lighten a ship in a storm, and thus pre- printed "Jewes eye,” and says it may be a question servo hor.

whether Shakespeare did not mean that Launcelot JESTITISM (9. v.).

should merely repeat the phrase, loaving "Jeweg Ta veře. Lat. Jesus. Iesus. Iesu. Josue: Greek

"Jetsam is where goods are cast into the sea, and there t, Josue : Greek sink and remain under water."-Blackstone: Comment., neesam is where goods are cost to the sea, at

to be pronounced as a di-syllable." The corrected Tesous, from Heb. Yeshua, a contr. form of Yehoshua bk. i. ch. 8.

folio (1632), alters the expression to: =Joshua, from Yehovah=Jebovah, and Yeshuah= . 2. Tho goods, cargo, &c., thus thrown overboard.

"There will come a Christian by (1) salvation, help, (2) safety, (3) victory. Gesenius

Will be worth a jetess' eye." believes Joshua to mean," whose help is Jehovah"; fjět'-teau (eau as o), *jět'-tő, 8. [For Fr. jet

Shakesp.: Merchant of Venice, if. & or it may be from the verb Yasha, to save, and= d'eau=a spout of water, a fonntain.] [JET (1), 8.]

Jews'-frankincense, 8. Gum styrax or benzoin. Jehovah Savior, or simply Savior. (Def.) 1

A fountain; a jet or spout of water. Serin. Hist.: Joshua (Acts vii. 45; Heb. iv. 8).


jět-teě (2), 8. The fiber of Marsdenia tenacissima, 2. Scrip. Hist. & Theol. : The name miraculously

Jews'-harp, jews'-trump, 8. | a small climbing plant of the natural order Asclepi. given to the first-born son of the Virgin Mary conadaceæ, of which the Rajmahal mountaineers mako

1. Music: A simple musical instrument hald be erived by the Holy Ghost. An angel who appeared bowstrings, remarkable for their great elasticity,

twoen the lips, the sound coming from the vibra. to Joseuh. Mary's betrothed lover, directed that which they are supposed to owe in some measure to

tions of a tongue of metal, bent at a right angle, that son on his birth should bo called Jesus, " for

which is set in motion by being twitched with the he shall save his people from their sins." Somo the presence of caoutchouc. (Annandale.)

forefinger. The sound is increased in intensity by persons suppose that when Christ is superadded, jet-tēr, 8. (Eng. jet, v; -er.] One who jets or the breath, and altered in pitch by the shape of the Jesus is analogous to what now would be called the struts about; a fop.

cavity of the mouth, which acts as a reflector. This Christian name, whilo Christ is the surname, This

ag.jetty ; ne ho qua

lity name some derive from jeu, play, from the fact of view is erroneous. The only personal name is Jesus,

its being a toy; but more probably it is a derisive and Christ is the designation of offico or mission. Or state of being jetty; blackness.

allusion to the harp of David. indicating that the being who bore it claimed to be Jēt’-ting, pr. par., 4., & s. (Jer, v.)

2. Naut.: The shacklo by which a cable is bent to the Messiab promised to the fathers. [CHRIST, A. & . As pr. par. & particip. adj.: (Soo the the anchor-ring. MESSIAR. Nearly all the Churches of the world,

1d, verb.)

•ď particip. adj.: (Soo the "Jews charp shackle: the Unitarian one being the chief exception, recog.

Naut.: A clevis and pin whereby the chain cable bize a divine and a human nature in Christ, regard. "C. As subst: The act of strutting about

is hent to the anchor. Ing him with respect to the former as the Second jetting-out, 8. Por of the Trinity and the Son of God; with

jews'-mallow, s.

Arch.: The projection of a corbel or molding regard to the latter, as the perfect type of buman

Botany: Corchorus capsularis, a tiliacoous plant beyond the general surface. ity, the only sinless man that has lived on earth.

cultivated by the Jews in Palestine, Egypt, &c. (For details regarding his birth at Bethlehem, the Jet-ti-son, 8. (JETSAM.]

Jews'-manna, 8. Hichte Joseoh and Mary, taking him with them jēt'-ti-son, v.t. (JETTISON, 0.] To lighten a Bot.. Alhaoi maurorum. into Egypt, the return to Palestine, the boyhood and vessel in a storm by throwing overboard some of the early manhood spent at Nazareth, his itinerant cargo.

jews'-pitch, 8. A kind of asphalt. It has been ministry-believed, chiefly on chronological data “After having jettisoned a large quantity of her cargo."

used by artists as a brown pigment, but it hardene supplied in St. John's Gospel, to have lasted about

- London Daily Telegraph.

cargo." imperfectly. (Weale.) three years, see the Four Gospels. For the signifi. *jět-ton, s. (Fr.) A piece of brass or other

Jews-stone, 8. (JEWSTONE.) cancy of his death, see ATONEMENT. For his resurrection and ascension see these words. The birth metal stamped and used as a counter in games of Jews'-trump, 8. (JEWS'-HARP.1

cards. of the Savior is generally believed to have been in C

jew, v. t. To haggle over a price; to attempt to B.C. 4, the commencement of his ministry A. D. 26, *jět-tý, v. i. [JETTY,8.] To jut.

beat down the value of. and his crucifixion A. D. 29.

jět:-tý, *jet-tie, a. (Eng. jet (2) s.; -y.) Made jew-bush (ew as ), 8. (Eng. Jew, and bush.] | Society of Jesus: [JESUIT.] or resembling jet; black as jet.

Bot.: A euphorbiaceous plant, Pedilanthus padhjět (1), Jett, *get, 8. (Fr., O. Fr. ject, gect; Ital. "Among the Moors, the jettiest black are deemed folius. Its root is emetic; it is used in syphilis and petto, getto d'acqua.] [JET, v.]

The beatifull'st." Drayton: Polyolbion, s. 26. a menorrhwa. boil, boy; póut, Jowl; cat, çell, chorus, chin, bench; go, gem; thin, this; sin, ag; expect, Xenophon, exist. ph = t.


[ocr errors]




Jew -ěl (ew as a), *jow-el, *jew-ell, *ju-el, Jew-18h-něsg (ew as Q), 8. _[Eng. Jewish;-ness.) Jibe, v. t. (GIBE.)
Ju-elle, 8. 10. Fr. joiel, joel, jouel; Fr. joyau, á The quality or state of being Jewish; the manners ID:-1ět. s. [GIBLET.)
dimin. from joie=joy, pleasure ; Sp. joyel: Ital. gio or customs of the Jews; Jewish nature.
jellora jewel, dimin. of gioja=joy, a jewel.]

jew-rein-ow-Ite (ew as ū), . Named by Nor.

jiblet-check, Jiblet-cheek, s. [GIBLET-CHEEK.) I. Ordinary Language:

denskiold after Jewreinow; suff. -ite. (Min.).)


Jick-a-jog, jig'-jog, 8. [A reduplication of jig 1. Literally:

Min.: Occurs in pale-brown to colorless crystals or jog.) A shake, a push, a jog. (1) A precious stone; a gem.

with specific gravity 3:39, at Frugard, Finland. Jif-fð, s. (Etym. doubtful.] A moment, an in

It is a variety of idocrase or Vesuvianito (q. V.), stant. (Colloquial.) "Jewels too, stones, rich and precious stones."

which contains little or no magnesia. (Dana.) Shakesp.: Merchant of Venice, ii. 8.

jig, 8. [O. French gige, gigue=(1) a sort of wind (2) A personal ornament, consisting to a greater Jew'-rý (ew as û), *jew-er-ie, s. (O. Fr. Juierie; instrument; (2) a kind of dance; from M. H. Ger. or less extent of precious stones. Fr. Juiverie.]

gige, Ger. geige=a fiddle; Ital. giga=a fiddle; Sp. 1. The land of the Jews; Judæa.

giga=a lively tune or dance.] Here, wear this jewel for me, 'tis my picture." Shakesp.: Twelfih Night, iii. 4. "Art thou Daniel whom my father brought out of I. Ordinary Language:

Jewry!"-Daniel v. 13. 2. Fig.: Anything of very great valuo or excel.

1. In the same sense as II. 1. lence; anything very dear. (Frequently used as a

2. A district or quarter of a city inhabited by *2. A kind of ballad in rhyme. term of endearment.) Jews.

3. A trick, a prank. "Most sweet jewel."

jew-stone (ew as ū), s. (Eng. Jew, and stone.] II. Technically: Shakesp.: Merchant of Venice, ii. 3. 1. Geol.: A local name for a black basalt found 1. Music: II. Watchmaking: A crystal or precious stone on the Cleo Hills, Shropshire. The first element is (1) A lively dance which may be performed by one forming a bearing for the pivot of an arbor.

derived from (1) Deus=god, from its volcanic origin; or more dancers. It is popular among many nations,

(2) Wel, du=black; or (3) it may be called jewstone is distinguished by various titles, and has a certain jewel-block, 8.

from its resemblance to touchstone, and the fact amount of difference in the steps according to the Naut.: A block at the yard-arm of a ship, for the that the Jews were formerly the only dealers in the habits and customs of the people by whom it is halyard of a studding-sail yard to pass through. precious metals. (Eng.)

adopted. With some it is a sober, steady, jog-trot jewel-case, jewel-casket, s. A case or casket

2. Palæont.: A popular name for the spine of a sort of a country-dance; with others it is a wild, in which jewels are kept. species of Echinus.

svage exercise, without point or meaning. With "Pompeius the Great met with the jewel-easket of Kin

8. [From

some it is made a means of displaying the agility of Izebel, the name of t

the lower limbs of a combined company of dancers ; Mithridates."--P. Holland: Pliny, bk. xxxvii., ch. i. wicked wife of Ahab, king of Israel.) A wicked,

with others it is a terpsichorean drama for two per*jewel-house. #jewel-office, s. The place where daring, or vicious woman.

formers, in which all the emotions excited by love the royal jewels are deposited. (Shakesp.: Henry Jēz:-1-diş, s. pl. [YEZIDIS.]

are represented by gestures and monosyllabic cries. VIII., iv. i.) jheēl, 8. [Hind.) A large pool or pond of water

(2) As a movement in a "suite," the jig is found

in works produced toward the latter part of the jewel-like, a. Bright or sparkling as a jewel. filled with rank vegetation. (Anglo-Indian.)

seventeenth century, and onward to the time of (Shakesp.: Pericles, v. 3.)

Jha'-ră1, 8. (Native name.)

Haydn. At first the phrases were short, and of no *jewel-proof, a. Not to be bribed by the offer of 20ðl. : A long, coarse-haired goat which inhabits more variety than was needed for the purposes of jewels. (Beaum. & Flet.: Loyal Subject, iii. 3.)

the high mountains of India.
the high mou

the dance, for the jig was occasionally one of the Jewel-setter, 8.

figures of the country dance. But later it was made Jib, s. (Jie, v.)

the vehicle for display in harpsichord playing, and Watchmaking: A circular steel cutter having a 1. Naut.: A large triangular sail set on a stay, for was lengthened and elaborated and became the concave end with a circumferential angular edge, ward of the fore stay-sail, between the fore-top origin of the last movement of the sonata. It was that slightly exceeds in circumference the bezel mast-head and jib-boom in large vessels. It occu- written in 8, 8, 8, 8, 8, 8, and 1 time; the peculiarity into which the jewel is to be fitted, and by which a pies a position between the mast-head and bowsprit of the rhythm of triplets was nearly always precircular burr of metal is pushed down upon the

in cutters, schooners, and small craft, and does not served, if not insisted upon. jewel.

necessarily run on a stay. Jibs are known by vari- 2. Mach.: A handy tool. The name is applied to Jewel-weed, s.

ous names, according to position, &c., as inner-jib, various devices, and in many trades small and simBot.: A popular name for the genus Impatiens

outer-jib, standing-jib, flying-jib, spindle-jib, storm- ple machines are called jigs. (q. v.).

jib, jib-of-jibs, &c. A jib-topsail or balloon-jib 3. Sports: A trolling bait, consisting of a bright

extends toward the topmast head, and in cutter spoon and an attached hook. A ball of light metal jew-ěl (ew as a), v. t. (JEWEL, 8.] yachts is sometimes a very large sail.

on a hook. 1. To dress out or adorn with jewels.

2. Mach.: The extended arm of a crane; or thats The jig's up: The work is over; everything is 2. To fit or provide with jewels, as a watch. spar of a derrick which is stepped at the bottom finished. (Colloq.) *3. To adorn or set out as with jewels; to be- and connected by tackle at the top to the vertical jig, v.i. &t. [JIG, s.] spangle.

post. The post is maintained vertical by guys, and

the tackle affords a means for adjusting tho inJew'-el-ēr (ew as a), *juellere, s. [Eng. jewel;

A. Intrans.: To dance a jig; to skip about. clination of the jib, the fall being carried from the

“You jig, you amble, and you lisp, and nickname God's er; 0. Fr. joyallier.] A maker of or dealer in jewels and other ornaments.

top of the post to a small crab on the ground, dis- creatures." --Shakesp.: Hamlet, iii. 1.

tinct from the larger crab which operates the hoist. B. Transitive: jewelers'-gold, 8. An alloy of 25 per cent. of ing-tackle. The jib of a derrick is stepped, and is *I. Ordinary Language: copper with 75 per cent. of gold.

adjustable in inclination. The jib of a crane is fast jewelers'-putty, 8. Ignited and finely levigated

to the frame and rotates horizontally ith it, or is 1. To sing in jig time; to sing in the style of a jig.

journaled to the frame and is adjustable thereon, "Jig off a tune at the tongue's end."--Shakesp.: Love's oxide of tin, used by jewelers for polishing hard

sometimes vertically, for height: always horizon. . Labor's Lost, iii. 1. objects. (Ogilvie.) tally for sweep.

2. To cheat, to impose upon, to delude. Jewelers’-red, 8. (CROCUS, 5.] Jib-boom, s.

II. Technically: jew-el-lēr-ý (ew as ), 8. [JEWELRY.]

Naut.: A movable spar running out beyond the 1. Min.: To dress ore in a jigger. [JIGGER.] Jew-el-Ing (ew as ū), s. [Eng. jewel; -ing.) bowsprit, for the purpose of affording a base to the 2. Felting: To harden and condense a felted fab

1. The act of providing or furnishing with a jewel jib in large vessels, and to the flying-jib in schoon- ric by repeated quick blows from rods, or by a or jewels. ers and smaller craft.

platen or platens having a rapid vibratory motion. 2. Jewelry. jib-door, 8. A door made flush with the wall on

jig-brow, s. [JINNY-ROAD.) *jew-el-1ğ (ew as a), a. [Eng. jewel; -y.] Like both sides.' a jewel; brilliant. jib-frame, s.

jig-saw, subst. A vertically-reciprocating saw, “The jewelly star of life."--De Quincey: Star of Life, $ 19.

moved by a vibrating lever or crank-rod. The saw

Steam-eng.: The upright frame at the sides of a is arranged between two sliding head-blocks, to the jew'-el-ry. jew'-el-lēr-ý (ew as 6). 8. [Eng. marine-engine, connecting the cylinder, condenser, upper one of which is attached an index to mark jewel; -ry; O. Fr. joyaulerie.] and the framing.

the bevel, a vernier plato being fixed to thecircular 1. Jewels in general. Jib-halyard, s. [HALYARD.]

iron-banded timber to which the blocks are secured 2. The art or trade of a jeweler.

by braces. It is moved by a segment of a cog-wheel Jib-headed, a. (See the compound.)

under the carriage, gearing and working into pin*jewerie, 8. (JEWRY.]

Jib-headed topsail: A triangular fore-and-aft top. ions, and by a pulley-band over a drum. Jew-ěss (ew as ), 8. [Eng. Jew; -e88.) A female sail, having no gaff.

Jig'-gēr (1), 8. [Eng. jig, v.; -er.] Jew. jib-iron, 8.

I. Ordinary Language: *jewise, *juwise, s. [Norm. Fr. juise, from Lat. Naut.: The traveler of the jib. An iron hoop, judicium = judgment; judex (genit. judicis) = a fixed to the jib and sliding on the boom.

1. One who or that which jigs. judge.] Judgment, punishment.

2. A fiddlestick. jib-sheet, 8. [SHEET.] “The king commanded his constable anon

II. Technically: Up peine of hanging and of high jewise." jib-stay, 8.

1. Billiards: A rest for a cue, when the player Chaucer: C. T., v. 5,215. Steam-eng.: A portion of the stay-frame of a cannot reach to the ball. (Eng.) Jew-Ish (ew as Q), a. [Eng. Jew; -ish.] Of or marino steam-engine. (JIB-FRAME.]

2. Brewing: A kind of pump used in brewing. pertaining to the Jews or Hebrews; like a Jew; jib (1), Jibe (1), *gybe, v. t. [Dan. gibberto jib; 3. Coopering: A drawing-knife, with a hollowingIsraelitish. cogn, with Dut. gijpen=to turn suddenly.).

blade. Jewish-disabilities, 8. pl.

Naut.: To shift. as a fore-and-aft sail from one 4. Felting: A machine for felting fiber by an inside of the vessel to the other, as the wind changes.

termittent rolling action upon the material, which Law: [JEW, 2.)

lios upon a table, and is kept warm and wet. "In changing tacks, they have only occasion to shift or Jewish-era, 8. jib round the sail.”. Cook: Third Voyage, bk. ii., ch. iii.

5. Leather: Amachine for graining morocco Chron.: An era which dates from the Creation,

leather, consisting of grooved boxwood rollers,

jib (2), v. i. [0. Fr. giber=to struggle with the fitted in a frame suspended from the ceiling, and which is fixed 3760 years and three months prior hands and feet; regiber (Fr. regimber)=to kick; swung backward and forward like a pendulum. to the Christian. The present year (1894) is the Mid. Eng. regibben.) To move restively sideways 6. Mining: A riddle or sieve shaken vertically in year 5654-15 of the Jewish Calendar. or backward, as a horse.

water, to separate the contained ore into strata, jew-ish-1ỹ (ew as ů) adv. [Eng. Jewish; -ly.] jib'-bēr, 8. (Eng. jib (2), v.; -er.] A horse given according to weight and consequent richness. The In the manner of a Jew; like a Jow. to jibbing; a horse that jibs.

sieve commonly consists of a hoop with handles, fāte, făt, färe, amidst, whãt, fallfather; wē, wět, hëre, camel, hēr, thêre; pine, pit, sïre, sir, marine; gó, pot,

[merged small][merged small][ocr errors]

and a bottom of sheet-brass, finely perforated. It Jim-crow, 8. [From the burden of an old song.) war of 1877-8. In this sense derived directly from is used by striking it squarely upon the water, and squarely upon the wator, and 1. An implement for bending or straightening

1. An implement for bending or straightening the refrain of a song, then popular at music-halls, giving it a semi-rotation simultaneously, to sort rails.

of which the two first lines ran as follows: the pulverized ore according to gravity. The 2. The jimcrow planing-machine is furnished with "We don't want to fight, but by Jingo if we do. lighter portions are scraped from the top, and the

a reversing tool, to plane both ways, and named We've got the ships, we've got the men, we've got the lower stratum removed for smelting or further confrom its peculiar motion, as the tool is able to

money too." centration.

“wheel about and turn about." The table is moved Hence, one clamorous for war; one who advo7. Nautical: (1) A double and single block tackle, used for the driving motion to be placed at the end.

endways by a quick-threaded screw, which allows cates a "spirited” foreign policy. such jobs as holding on to the cable, a baft the cap

"He is a more pernicious kind of Jingo than his predestan, as the cable is heaved in. Also used in haul. limcrow's-nose, 8.

cessors."-London Graphic. ing home the topsail sheet and other similar work. Bot.: A West Indian name for Phyllocoryne.

3. An imaginary idol, worshiped by the party (2) Asmalltackle attached to the bightof another

described under 2. o jim-jămş, 8. pl. [Reduplicative form of jam or rope, to increase the purchase.

B. As adj.: Relating or pertaining to the Jingoes; (3) A supplementary sail rigged on a mast and fam.] A slang name given to mania a potu; deliras, aingo'policy boom, from the stern of a cutter or other vessel. iun tremens. () A sinall mast erected on the storn of a yawl

Jin-go-işm, 8. [Eng. jingo; -ism.] The views .lim-mēr, s. (GIMBAL.] (5) A yawl. .

and procedure of the Jingoes. (6) A weighted line with several hooks, set back jim-my, 8. A cant term for a short crowbar used “In the days when Jingoism had to be combated and to back, dropped suddenly into the water, and sud. by burglars in breaking open doors, &c. [JEMMY.] overcome." - Pall Mall Gazette. denly jerked upward to catch fish. jimp, v. i. (JUMP.) To jump.

*Jink, v.t. & i. (Etym. doubtful.) 8. Pottery: (1) A horizontal table carrying a revolving mold, jimp, a. & adv. [GIMP.]

A. Trans.: To cheat, to impose upon. on which earthen vessels are shaped; a potter's A. As adj.: Neat, spruce, handsome.

B. Intrans.: To elude a person by an active moves wheel; a throwing wheel.

ment; to dodge. (2) A templet or former which is used in shaping B. As adv.: Barely, scarcely, simply. the interior of a crucible or other vessel when the

Jink, s. (JINK, v.] A quick elusory turn. Jimp-lý, adv. (English jimp, a.; "ly.) Barely, a re linkein. To enter a place suddenly. clay is upon the wheel.

scarcely, hardly. 9. Print.: A contrivance used by compositors to

(2) High-jinks: [HIGH-JINKS.] Jimps, 8. pl. [Etym. doubtful; cf. jimp, a.] Easy keep copy in position, and to inark the lines they sti?

jink-ěr, s. [Eng. jink, v.; -er.) One who turns stays. (Scotch.) are setting.

quickly; a gay, sprightly girl; a wag. Jimp -ý, a. & adv. (Eng. jimp, a.;-ly.)

“That day ye was a jinker noble." jigger-knife, s. A drawing-knife with a blade

Burns: Auld Farmer'Salutation. bent at one end and curved at the other, used by A. As adj.: Neat, jimp. wheelwrights.

B. As adv.: Neatly, tightly.

Jinn, s. (Jin.] Jig-gěr (2), s. (See def.] A corruption of chigie, Jim'-son, 8. [A corruption of Jamestown.)

jinn -eě (pl. jinn), 8. [Arab., Hind., &c.=that or chigoe (q. v.).

which is internal or unseen.] [JIN.)

Bot.: An American name for Datura stramonium. jig'-gěred, a, [Eng. jigger; -ed.] Suffering from This name was given to the plant because it is said

jin-ný, s , [A corrupt. of gin=engine. For def. the burrowing of the jigger or chigoe (q. v.). . that the early English settlers at Jamestown, Va.,

see etym. and compound.] This word is often used as an imprecation. mistaking it for an edible vegetable, partook largely Jinny-road, s. Daries (Supp. Gloss), says “the expression arose of it, many of them being, in consequence, disabled, Mining: An inclined road in a coal-mine, on from the suffering caused by the chigoe insect in and a few dying.

which loaded cars descend by gravity, and draw up the West Indies." An alternative etymol., suggested

jin, jinn, 8. [Arab. jinni=one of the genii ; pl. empty ones. by the common use of the word in the mining disjinn=the genii.)

Jip'-pő, 8. [French jupe; cf. jupon.] A sort of tricts, is from JIGGER (1), 11. 6.

Mohammedan Mythol. : One of a race of genii waistcoat or stays for women. jig'-ging, pr. par., a. & 8. (JIG, v.]

said to have had for their male progenitor Jan, and Jir-ble, jair -ble, v. t. [Etym. doubtful.] To

for their female one Marija. They differ from man spill any liquid by carelessly moving the bottle con. A. & B. As pr. par. & particip. adj.: (See the

in their nature, their form and their speech. They taining it."Scotchi (Scott: St. verb.)

taining it. *(Scotch.) (Scott: St. Ronan's Well.) are spirits residing in the lowest firmament, and O. As subst.: The act or process of dressing ores have the power of rendering themselves visible to Jirk-1-net, 8. [A dimin, of jerkin (q. v.).] A in a jigger.

man in any form they please. The bodies they as- sort of boddice or substitute for stays, without jigging-machine, s. (JIGGER (1), II. 6.)

sume are material, but not grosser than the essence whalebones, worn by females.

of fire and smoke. The extent of their knowledge jo, jõe (1), 8. [Etym, doubtful; referred by some *Jig-gish, a. (Eng.jig; -ish.] is unknown. Their character is good.

to Fr. joie=joy.) A sweetheart, a' darling. 1. Of or pertaining to a jig; resembling or fitted Jin-gâll', 8. [GINGAL.)

Jo-2-chim-īte, s. (For etym see def.) for a jig. 2. Playful, frisky.

lin'-gle. *gin-gel-en. *gin-glen. *gin-gle, v. i. Ch. Hist. (pl.): The followers of Joachim, Abbot & t. (A frequent. formation from jink, itself a form

i of Flora, in Calabria. They were a branch of the

of jiggle, v. i. (Eng. jig, s.; frequent, suff. -le.) To of chink (q. 1.).)**

Fratricelli (q. v.). They were condemned by the wriggle or skip about.

Council of Lateran, in 1215, and by that of Arles in A. Intransitive:

1260-1261. lig-gling, a. (JIGGLE.) Wriggling about; frisk 1. To clink; to sound with a tinkling metallic Joan, s. [Female proper name, from John (q. v.).]

noise; to chink; to tinkle. Jig-gům-bob, *jig-gam-bob, 6. [Cf. THING

Joan silver-pin, 8.

“Every chime that jingled from Ostend." MBOB. A knick-knack, a trinket, a play.

'Byron: English Bards and Scotch Reviewers.

Bot.: A name for the Opium Poppy (Papaver Jig -Jõg, s.& a. (A reduplication of jog (q. v.).) 2. To correspond in rhyme or sound, so as to catch somniferum). the ear.

Jõ-ăn-nite, Jö-hàn-nite, 8. [For etym. see A. As subst.: A jogging, jolting motion. “From sermons with sixteen heads down to jingling

def.] B. As adj.: Having the motion described supra street ballads."- Macaulay: Hist. Eng., ch. xv.

Ch. Hist. (pl.): The followers of John Chrysos"ig-māk-ēr, Jigge-mak-er, 8. [Eng. jig, and 3. To make rhymes, possibly doggerel.

tom, consecrated Archbishop of Constantinople in

A.D. 398. He was deposed in 403, for his reproof of maker.)

“Whene'er my Muse does on me glance,

sin, and banished in 204. The sect became extinct 1. A writer or composer of jigs.

I jingle at her." Burns: To John Lapraik. about A. D. 438. 2. A ballad-maker.

B. Trans.: To cause to sound with a tinkling jo-ar, 8. [JOWAREE.] jig-pin, s. (Eng.jig, and pin.) metallic noise; to tinkle.

job (1), s. & a. (0. Fr. job=a mouthful.] [GOB.) Min.: A pin used to hold the turn-beams and In-gle, *gin -gle, s. [JINGLE, v.] prevent them from turning.

A. As substantive: 1. A tinkling metallic sound, as of coins, a chain, Ji-hăd , jě-hăd, 8. (Arabic.) A holy war pro- &c: *

1. An occasional petty piece of work of any kind, claimed by the Mussulmans against Christians. 2. That which jingles or gives out a tinkling"

undertaken for a stated price. The Sheeabs do not now consider it legitimate to do sound; a child's rattle.

" What tool is there job after job will not hack?" this. The Soonees reserve the measure for great 3. A correspondence of sound in rhymes, especi.

Moore: Sale of the Tools, emergencies. Fanatics attempted to set one on foot ally when the verses have little or no real merit.

2. Anything, of greater or less importance, underin India in 1877. Sheik ul Islam, at Constantinople, 4. Verse of an ordinary, indifferent, or homely taken for a fixed sum; as, The engineer received so proclaimed one against the Russians about 1877. nature; doggerel.

much for the job. JIII (1), 8. [GILL.] A giddy or flirting girl. 5. A covered two-wheeled car. (Ireland.)

3. Any occurrence, fortunate or otherwise; as, It €. (PI.) A popular name for St. Anthony's fire was a good (or bad) job for him. Jill-flirt, 8. A giddy or wanton girl; a jilt.

4. A situation, a place of employment; as, He has lin-glēr, *ģin-glēr, 8. [Eng. jingl(e); -er.] got a good job. (Colloq.) Jill (2), 8. [GILL.] A metal cup. One who or that which jingles.

5. An undertaking, ostensibly for the benefit of 112-let, 8. [Eng. jill; -et.) A jilt, a giddy girl. jin-gling, pr. par., a. & 8. [JINGLE, v.]

the country or some public body, really for one's jilt, 8. [A contract. of jillet.)

A. & B. As pr. par. & particip. adj.: (See the tismo

private benefit. (Often applied to a piece of nepo1. A coquette; a woman who capriciously or verb.)

“No cheek is known to blush or heart to throb. wantonly allows her lover to indulge hopes, and C. As subst.: The act or state of tinkling or giving Save when they lose a question or a job." then deceives him; a flirt. out a tinkling metallic sound; a clink.

Pope: Essays on Criticism, i. 104. 2. A term of contempt for a woman.

Jin -go, s. & a. [A word of doubtful origin; by B. As adjective: jlit, t. t. & i. (JILT, 8.)

considered a corrupt. of St. Gingoulph or Gin. 1. A term applied to collections of things, either A Trans. : To trick and deceive a man by flat- gulphus, as in Barham's Ingoldsby Legends, by miscellaneous or of the same kind, sold together. tering his love with hopes, and then casting him off others from Basque Jingo=God.)

The idea conveyed is that they are disposed of at a for another.

A. As substantive:

sacrifice. B. Intrans.: To play the jilt; to lead on, and 1. A word used as a mild oath.

2. The term applied to anything let on hire. after cast off a lover.

2. One of that party in Great Britain which advo. "Letting him have job horses for £150 a year."-Miss jim-crăck, 8. [GIMCRACK.)

cated the cause of the Turks in the Turco-Russian Edgeworth: The Lottery, ch, i. boll, boy; pout, jowl; cat, cell, chorus, chin, bench; go, gem; thin, this; sin, aş; expect, Xenophon, exist. ph = £.

[ocr errors]



jocund (1) To do the job for one: To kill him.

again replies (ch. iii. xiv.). Each of the three job'-bigg, pr. par. or a. (JOB (1), o.) (2) To do odd jobs: To do occasional work of a friends speaks anew, Job thrice replying (xv.-xxi.). A. As pr. par.: (See the verb.) petty kind. (Often applied to the more menial Then follow Eliphaz and Job, and Dildad and Job, B. As adjective: offices of domestic service.)

Zophar remaining silent. A fourth speaker, a 1. A term variously applied : (3) To do a thing by the job: To undertake and do young man, Elihu, dissatisfied with the reply of work at :so much for the whole; to work by piece- the elder three, feels vehemently moved to put in la

(1) To one who contines himself to small miscel

the work. his word, and does so (xxxii.-Xxxvii.). All the four

laneous work, whether as an employer or journey.

man; as, a jobbing carpenter job-lot. 8.' A collection of things, either miscel. proceed on the orroneous notion that whoever suf

á (2) To one not in constant employment, but under laneous or of the same kind, sold together, ostensi. fere more than others must have previously sinned to

taking odd jobs; as, a jobbing gardener. bly under market value; as, a job-lot of dry-goods, more grievously than they (Luke xiii. 1-5). They a job-lot of ties.

(3) To one using unfair means to gain a desired inter that Job must have done so, Job, on his part, end. (Chiefly of public life)

having long since been provoked to exclaim: 'Misjob-master, 8. One who lets out carriages or erable comforters are yo all !" (xvi. 2). JOB's joc-an-trý, 8. (Lat. jocans (genit. jocantis), horses, contracting to keep the carriages in repair COMFORTER. I Johovah then answers the patriarch pr. par. of jocor=to jest, to joke (q. v.).] The act and to change the horses when required. (Eng.) out of the whirlwind, and vindicates his conduct or practice of Jesting.

mrinter A printer whose business is con. and views, Job answering in deepest abasement lock, 8. (JOCKEY, 8.) A popular contraction of fined to miscellaneous work, usually of a display (X*Xw; 11.6)..

(xxxviii. xlii.6). The comforters are censured, are character.

enjoined to otfer sacrifice, and are pardoned on the jock -ěy, s. [Etym. doubtful: prob. a northern

intercession of Job, to whom are born exactly the form of Jackeu, a dimin. of Jack, a familiar of job-watch, s.

same number of children he had lost (cf. i. 2, and John (o. v.). Littré gives the first meaning of Naut.: A watch with a seconds hand, used in tak. xli. 13), while he is granted twice the possessions, this word, which has passed into French as a ing observations to obviate the necessity of con. though before be " was the greatest of all the men stantly shifting the chronometer, with which the of the earth.". (Cf. 1.3 and xlii. 12.) He lives 140 ion."

young servant, whose chief duty is to ride as postil

For another view, see extract under JOCKEYwatch has to be compared immediately before and years after his trial.

ISM. after every observation.

The book of Job is absolutely unique in the Old 1. A man who gets a living by riding professionally

Testament. The hero is not a Jew. While the job-work, s.

in horse-races. name Jehovah is used, the whole history of the 1. Ord. Lang.: Occasional work, as distinguished Mosaic law and the chosen people is ignored. The seü horses,

2. A horse-dealer: one whose trade it is to buy and from constant employment.

author sooms well acquainted with Egypt, its croco2 Printing : Display or intricate work, as dis- diles (xli.), and its pyramids (?) (111. 14). and the from the bad reputation of horse-dealers.

3. A choat: one given to sharp practice, probably tinguished from straight composition. desert with its ostriches (xxxix. 13-18), its wild

4. A contemptuous name for a Scotchman, from job (2), 8. (JOB (2), v.) A sudden blow or thrust assos.(xxiv. 5, xxxix. 5-8), and its too successful, th

their calling Jack Jock. tent-living, predatory tribes (xii. 6). The language with a sharp-pointed instrument.

The word nut-jobber is used as a synonym for is Hebrew, with various Aramaisms, and with a Jockey-club, 8. A club for regulating all matters the nuthatch, because that bird breaks open nuts

faint Arabic tinge. The view still held by most connected with horse-racing. with a blow of its bill.

commentators is that the book is very ancient, and jock -ěy, v. t. (JOCKEY, 8.)

its author probably Moses. If so, then it is intelli. 1. To deceive in trade; to act with sharp pracjob (1), v. t. & i. (JOB (1), s.]

gible why there is a resemblance between expres- tice to: to cheat. A. Transitive:

sions in Job and in Genesis. (Cf. Gen. ii. 23, and 2. To'jostle by riding against. (Johnson.)

Job 11.5; Gen. iv. 21, and Job xxi. 12, xxx. 31 ; Gen. 1. To let out in separate portions: to distribute

3. To make use of dishonest measures, such as are e vi. 2, and Job i. 6, &c.) Others place it about the work among contractors or masters; to sublet.

popularly supposed to be employed by low-class time of Solomon or that of one of the succeeding horse-dealers, for procuring the passage or rejectioa 2. To let out for hire; specifically applied to kings: Renan says about a hundred years before of some private measure through a legislativo horses and carriages.

the Captivity. Others make it even later, believing body: the English colloquial equivalent of the 3. To engage horses and carriages for hiro Irom a that the personification of the evil spirit is of Per- American kindred term to lobby. job-master.

gian origin (i. 6, 7, 12). The Talmud originated the 4. To buy goods, as cotton or cigars, in large quanview, since adopted by various Biblical critics, that

jock-eỹ-işm, 8. [Eng. jockey, s.; -ism.] tities, often by the cargo, and distribute them to the book is only a parable. But against this view 1. The art or practice of a jockey. wholesale dealers; as, He jobs large quantities

may be quoted Ezek. xiv. 14, 20, and James v. 11. 2. Horsiness. every year. B. Intransitive:

Job's-comforter, 8. A false friend, who takes, jock-ey-ship, 8. (Eng. jockey ; -ship.] 1. To work at chance work; to undertake employ.

or seems to take, pleasure in atttributing one's mis. 1. The art or practice of riding horses in horse

fortunes to one's own course of action, wbilo pre- races ; horsemanship. ment of a menial or dishonorable kind.

tending to sympathize. Of course the allusion is to 2. A jockey: one whose acts resemble those of 2. To deal in scrip; to carry on the business of a thi

the severe rebukes administered to Job by his three a jockey; the character or position of a jockey. broker.

friends, which forced him to exclaim, "Miserable 3. To carry on the business of a job-master (q.v.); F (9. V.) i comforters are ye all ” (Job xvi. 2).

*Joc-onde, a. (JOCOND.) as, He jobs largely in the season. (Eng.)

Jo-cose, a. (Latin jocosus, from jocus=a joke 4. To hire carriages or horses from a job-master; *Job's-news, 8. Bad news.

(q. v.).) as, I shall job with B. (Eng.)

*Job's-post, 8. A messenger of bad news. (Eng.) 1. of persons: Humorous, facetious; given to 5. To do work, ostensibly for the benefit of others.

jokes or jesting, really for one's owp; hence, to perform public duties Job's-tears, 8. pl.

2. Of things : Containing a joke; droll, amusing. with a view to one's private advantage.

Bot.: The hard, bony seeds of a grass, Coix lach. Jo-cose-1ğ, adv. (Eng. jocose; -ly.) Jocularly, 1õb (2), #job-byn, v. t. [Ir. & Gael. gob=a beak ryma. (Corx.]

facetiously; in a jocose or humorous manner. or bill; Wel. gup.). strike forcefully and suddenly with a sharp. Job's turkey-hen, 8. A supposititious fowl, Jo-cose-něss, 8. [English jocose; -ness.] The

mentioned in an old story, which represents the bi: quality of being jocose; merriment. pointed instrument or weapon.

ped as extremely emaciated from a persistent effort 2. To drive in a sharp-pointed instrument or ped as extremely emaciated from a persistent effort 10-co-gër -1-oŭs, a. (Eng. jocose, and serious.

to hatch out chicks from dead eggs. The expression Given at one time to jocoseness, at another to seri. "weapon.

occurs usually in the following phrase: 1õb (3), jõbe, v. t. (Etym. uncertain.,, Usually As poor as Job's Turkey-hen: Very poor; extremely

ousness; partaking of the qualities of mirth and given as if from the patriarch Job, in allusion to emaciated: in dire poverty.

sadness; serio-comic. The rebukes he received from his friends, though it

*Jo-cos'-I-tỹ, 8. (Eng. jocos(e); -ity.] would seem probable, if a word with this meaning jõb-à-tion, s. (Eng. job (3), v. (q. v.); -ation.]

1. Jocularity, facetiousness, waggery. were derived from the story of the patriarch, it A severe scolding; a sharp reprimand."

2. A joke; a jocose act, story, or phrase. would take the form of the name of one of his Of the orthography, derivation, and meaning friends. Against this view is to be urged the com- of this word, as opposed to a fictive jawbation, G. Joc-tě-lèg, s. [A corruption of Jacques de Liége, parative easiness with which bis name is pro- A. Sala (Echoes, Sept. 6, 1884), says:

a famous cutler of that Belgian city.] A largé nounced, when compared with theirs. Cf. Notes

"I wrote “jobation,' because the word means a long,

pocket-knife. and Querics, June 21, 1884, p. 489.] To cbide sternly; dreary homily or reprimand, and has reference to the joc-u-lar, *joc'-u-lar-8, a. (Latin jocularis,

tedious rebukes inflicted on the patriarch Job by his too from joculus, dimin, of jocus=a joke (q.v.).) Jób, 8. (Heb. Iyob; Gr. lob=a patriarch notable obliging friends."

... 1. Of persons : Addicted to jesting; merry, faca for his patience.] [)

jõb-ber, 8. (Eng. job (1), v.; -er.]

tious. The Book of Job :

2. Of things: Merry, sportive, amusing; embody. 1. One who is employed occasionally; one who de ins Old Test, Canon: In the English version of the Bible, Job stands first in order of the poetic books pends on chance work.

Joc-u-lar'-1-ty, 8. (English jocular: -ity. The

2. One wbo executes repairs: as a watch-jobber. of the Old Testament, but it is the third in the

3. Ono who lets out horses and carriages for a quality of being jocular; sportiveness, merriment. Hebrew Scriptures, Psalms and Proverbs preceding time; a job-master. (Eng.)

joc--lar-lý, adv., (Eng. jocular; -ly.) In a it, and the Song of Solomon coming next. A pro

4. One who purchases goods in bulk, and is the jocular manner; sportively, jestingly. logue (ch. i. ii.) and the conclusion (ch. xlii. 7-17).

medinm of their distribution. are in proso. The rest is poetry, and of a very high

joc'-y-lạr-ý, a. (JOCULAR.] order. In the historical prologue Job is introduced 5. One who deals in stocks and shares: chiefly in jo

" "joc-u-låt-or, 8. (Lat.) A jester, a joker; a as deeply pious and exceedingly prosperous. Satan composition, as a stock-jobber.

0. One who, while he professes to serve others, fool by profession. (JUGGLER.) insinuates that he is pious simply because God has

seeks his own ends; an intriguer who turns public *jbc-u-la-tõr-ý, a. (Latin joculatoriu, from bribed him to bo so by means of his prosperity.

duty to private advantage; one who undertakes joculator=a jester.) Uttered in jest; droll, merry. Remove the latter, and the former will also depart.

dishonorable work in politics. Instead of blessing, he will curse God to his face.

humorous. To prove the falsity of this charge, Satan is allowed "Some hackneyed fobber in boroughs." -- Maoaulay: joc -ŭnd, *joc-onde, a. & adv. (0. Fr. joconde, to strip Job of possessions and children, and to Essays; Llalium,

from Latin jucundus = pleasant (orig. helpful); a Mict him with a loathsome disease. The patriarcb #jõb-bēr-nowl, s. (Mid. Eng, jobarde (Fr. jobard) juvare= to help.] bows uncomplainingly to the Divine decision, while

=a foolish fellow, and nowl, noleza head.] An A. As adjective: the piety of his wife breaks down in the trial. intensely stupid follow; a blockhead.

1. Blithe, cheerful; free from care or anxiety. Job's three friends-Eliphaz, Bildad, and Zophararrive to comfort him, and the poetry begins. Job, jõb-bēr-ý, 8. [Eng. jobber; -7.] The act or 2. Airy, lightsomo. in despair, curses the day of his birth; Elipbaz practico of jobbing, in an unfavorable sense; polit.

3. Sportive, gay, sprightly, replies, and Job makes a rejoinder. Bildad follows, ical corruption, unfair moans used to obtain a 4. Calculated to inspire mirth. and Job answers him. Zophar next speaks, and Job desired end, either in public or private life.

B. As adv.: Blithely, cheerfully. Pte. făt. färe, amidst, whãt, fàll, father; we, wět, hëre, camel, hêr, thêre; pine, pit, sire, bir, marine; go, pot

and Querund, to scold. lengo la patriarch notable

[ocr errors]
« ZurückWeiter »