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1'-80-mēr, 8. (ISOMERIDE.]

crystal of potassium alum in a solution of chrome size. The legs, which are seven pairs, are almost 1-80-měr -Ic. 1-80-měr: Y-cal. a. Gr. isomerēs alum, the crystal will continue to increase with of the same length. They are fitted for walking, =having an equal share of anything: pref. iso-, and perfect

perfect regularity from the deposition of the latter swimming, or adhering as parasites. The posterior Gr. merossa part, a share.]

salt. "Bodies having apparently an exactly simi. (abdominal) appendages are converted into leafChem.: Pertaining to isomerism.

lar constitution are not necessarily isomorphous, like respiratory apparatus. The heart is near the

but are rather divisible into two or more groups, of tail. Prof. Milne-Edwards divides the Isopoda into i-som-ēr-ide, i-so-mēr, s. [Eng., &c., isomer which the respective members are isomorphous; on three sub-orders or sections, the Cursorial, Nata(ic); -ide.]

the other hand, the possession of an equal number tory, and Sedentary Isopods. The Cursorial section Chem., Ån isomeric body.

of atoms is not essential to isomorphism, for two includes the families Oniscidæ, Asellidæ, and Idoi-som -ēr-Işm, 8. [Gr. isomerēs, and Eng, suff. atoms of one element are not unfrequently isomor. theidæ; the Natatory two, Sphæromidæ and Cymoism.] [ISOMERIC.]

phous with one atom of another element; and thoidæ; and the Sedentary one, Bopyride. The Chem.: A term applied to those bodies which are sometimes a molecular group is isomorphous in its common wood-louse is a well-known example of composed of the same elements, in the same pro- combinations with an elementary atom-NH, with Isopoda portions, but which differ either in their physical K, for example. There are also numerous examples 2. Palæont.: The Isopoda are believed to extend characteristics, or in their chemical properties. of bodies crystallizing in the same form, but with- from the Devonian times till now. They may be divided into three distinct classes: out exhibiting any similarity of chemical constitui-80-pod-Y-form, a. (Mod. Lat. isopod(a); i isomeric, metameric, and polymeric bodies. tion." Isomorphous bodies are generally arranged

connective, and Lat. forma=form, shape.] Isomeric bodies or isomerides are those which according to the crystallographic systems. The

with Entom. (of a larva): Shaped like an isopod. show analogous decompositions and changes, when elements belong to the monometric system, with heated, or when treated with reagents, but differ the exception of arsenic, antimony, and bismuth, i-sõp'--doŭs, a. [Mod. Lat. isopod(a); Eng. in physical properties. The terpenes, CH16, con- which belong to the hexagonal. The protoxides, suik. -ous. ] stitute the chief ingredients in the essential oils of the proto-chlorides, bromides, and iodides, and theZool.: Having feet of equal length; of, belonge turpentine, lemon, orange, juniper, &c. They have proto-sulphides are also monometric. The carbon- ing, or relating to the Isopoda (q. v.). the same composition, and resemble each other ates belong partly to the trimetric, and partly to “Various forms which may be Isopodous.”- Nicholson: closely in their chemical actions, but they differ in the hexagonal, the nitrates to the hexagonal and Palæont. i. 389. odor, boiling point, and their action ou polarized the monometric, and the alums to the monoclinic

ile 1-so-pol:-1-tỹ, 8. [Gr. isopoliteia=(1) equality light. They are true isomers, in the strict sense of systems. When the same body is found to crystal- 80. Por, 2-1. 8. 11. 180polueid=() equanty the word.

lize in two different forms, it is said to be dimor- of civil rights, (2) a treaty between two states for a Metameric bodies, or metamerides, are those phous. (CRYSTALLOGRAPHY, CRYSTALS.) which exhibit dissimilar transformations when

=citizen.). Equal rights of citizenship, as con.

1-so-năn-dra, s. [Pref. iso-, n euphonic, and ferred by the people of one city or state upon those heated, or when acted on by reagents. The mo- Gr. aner (genit, andros) =a man, a stamen.] lecular formula, C3H602, represents the three com

of another,

Bot.: Agenus of Sapotaceae. Isonandria obovata, pounds, propionic acid, ethyl formate, and methyl

“Between America and England one would be glad if an evergreen tree, growing in Tennaserim, yields a acetate. Propionic acid, a crystalline body, is con- kind of gutta-percha, and Isonandra gutta the i. 213.

there could exist some isopolity." -A. H. Clough: Remains, verted by potash into potassium propionate; etbyl

gutta-percha itself. (Watt: Economic Products of formate, a colorless, aromatic liquid, boiling at 56, India, i. 1.)

1-80-prēne, 8. (Eng. iso(meric), and (te)rpene is resolved by potash into ethylic alcohol and po

transposed (0.] tassium formate; while methyl acetate, a colorless, 1-so-ni-tro-phēn'-ic, a.

1. To-paen-10, a... English, isof meric);
[English iso( meric);

Chem.: C.Hg. A volatile hydrocarbon, polymeric volatile liquid, is decomposed by potash into wood -nitr(ic); o connective, and phenic.] (See the com

with caoutchin, produced by the dry distillation of

caoutchouc and gutta-percha. It is an oily liquid, three compounds, which are composed of the same isonitrophenic-acid, s. [PHENIC-.CID.]

possessing a naptha-like odor. It boils at 37, and elements in the same proportions, differ in the i-so-nom'-ic, a.

has a specific gravity of 0.6823 at 20°. It is an

(Pref. iso-=equal, and Eng: unstable compound, decomposing, by keeping into nature of their products when acted on by reagents, nomic la. y.).) 'Of or pertaining to isonomy; equal a white amorphous mass, having the composition, and are said to be metameric with one another Polymeric bodies, or polymerides, contain the the in law or right.

C10H160. samo elements in the same proportions, but have i-son-0-mý, s. [Greek isonomia=distribution,

24: 1-so-pro-pi-on-åte, s. different molecular weights. The most striking equality of rights, specially equality of rights in a

[Eng. iso(meric), and example is exhibited by the hydrocarbons, all of Greek democracy.] Equality of political or legal propionale.] [PROPIONIC-ACID.] which are multiples of the lowest, namely, methene, rights.

1-80-pro-pi-on-ic, a. [Eng. iso(meric), and CH, which, however, is not known in the free state. 1-87-oc-týl-Ic, a. [Eng. iso (meric), and octylic.] propionic.] [PROPIONIC-ACID.] Thus we have ethylene, C.H. propylene, C3H6, bu. (See tl tylene, C4H8, amylene, C510, all of which possess

1-so-prop'-yl, 8. [Eng. iso(meric), and propyl.)

isoöctylic-acid, 8. [OCTYLIC-ACID.) the same percentage composition, but different

[PROPYL.] molecular weights. All polymerides exhibit regu- 1-80-cen-ăn-thğı-ic, a. (Eng. iso(meric), and isopropyl-carbinol, 8. [BUTYL-ALCOHOL.] lar gradations of boiling points, and vapor densi. ænanthylic.] (See the compound.)

1-so-pũr-pür-ic, a. [Eng. iso(meric), and purties.

isoenanthylic-acid, 8.

puric.] (See the compound.) 1-80-měr-o-mor-phism, 8. (Greek isomeres, Chem.: (CH3)2·CHCH-CH:CH-COOH. Isohep- isopurpuric-acid, s. [PURPURIC-ACID.] morphê=form, and suff. -ism.). (ISOMERIC.)

toic acid. An unpleasantly smelling, oily liquid, Crystallog.: Isomorphism between substances obtained by heating a mixture of sodic ethylato

: 1--pyre (yr as įr), 8. [Pref. iso-, here=like, having the same atomic proportions.

and isovalerate in carbonic oxide. It boils at 210

** 100 and Gr. pur=fire.] i-som-ēr-oňs, a. (ISOMERIC.) 213°. Its barium salt forms an amorphous mass,

Min.: An opaque to sub-translucent, slightly Bot. (of a flower): Equal in number, having all lizes in microscopic needles. while its calcium salt (C 11302).Ca+21,0 crystal magnetic, brittle mineral; in color grayish or vel.

vet-black, occasionally spotted with red; in luster the parts equal in number, as having five sepals,

vitreous: its hardness 6-65; specific gravity, 29-3. five petals, five stamens, &c.

” i-sop'-a-thỹ, 8. [Pref. iso-, and Gr. pathē, pathos Composition: Silica, 47:09; alumina, 13.91; sesqui2. Crystallog., Min., &c.: Of like composition. on = suffering.

oxide of iron, 20:07; limo, 15.43; and protoxide of (Used of isomorphism between substances of the

Medicine :

copper, 1.94. same atomic proportions.)

1. The attempted cure of a disease by the virus of

i-sõs:-çě-lēş, a. [Lat., from Gr. isoskelës=hay. the same malady. 1-80-mět'-ric. i-So mět'-ric-al. a. (Griene

2. The idea that a diseased organ may be cured ing egual legs or sides; isos=equal, and skelos=a equal, and Eng. metric, metrical (q. v.).]

by eating the analogous organ of a bealthy animal. leg: Fr. isocele. 1. Ord. Lang.: Equal in measure ; characterized

Geom.: Having two legs or sides only that are

1-80-pěn'-tānę, s. [English iso(meric), and pen- equalias, an isosceles triangle. by equality of measure. 2. Crystallog.: Monometric, tessular.

tane.] (PENTANE.)

isometrical perspective, s. A method of per

T-SO-seiş-mal, a. [Pref. i8o-=equal, and Eng. 1-so-pěn'-tēne, s. (English iso(meric), and penPENTENE.

*** seismal (q. v.).] Relating to equal earthquake spective drawing which allows of buildings being

action. represented with base lines at any angle of view, 1-80-pen-týl'-a-mine, 8. (Eng. iso(meric); -pen

ng. 180(meric); -pen isoseismal-lines, 8. pl. but without the other lines of any side of such tyl, and amine. 1 (AMYLAMINE.] building converging, as they do in ordinary per- 1-80-pěr-y-mět'-ric-al. a. Eng.. &c. isoperi. Geol. (pl.): Lines on a map or globe resting where spective. to a vanishing point. It is generally metr(); -ical.]

earthquake action is equal. adopted for birds'-eye views of extensive buildings, Geom.: Of or belonging to isoperimetry (q. v.). 1-so-spon'-dy-11, s. pl. [Prefix iso-, and Greek which thus combine the advantages of a ground plan and elevation.

1-SO-põr-Im -ě-trý, 8. (Pref. iso-, and Gr. peri. spondylos= a vertebra.] , metron=circumference; Eng. suff. -y.)

Ichthy.: A sub-order of Teleocephali. It consists 1-80-mor-phism, 8. (Pref. iso-; Gr. morphe= Geom.: Having equal perimeters, circumferences, of soft-raye

of soft-rayed fishes, with the head naked, an adiform, shape, and suff. -ism.]

pose fin or abdominal sutures often present; dentior boundaries. Min.: A general law, discovered in 1819 by Pro

tion and habitat various. Families: Stomiatide

1-so-phāne, s. (Pref. iso-=equal, and Gr. phaino (the Stomiatoids), Scopelidæ fessor Mitscherlich, of Berlin, by which the varia

(the Scopelids), to cause to appear.) tion of minerals is governed. It is that the

Synodontidae (the Synodonts), Percopsidæ (Trout 2 Min.: The same as FRANKLINITE (q. v.). ingredients of any single species of mineral are not

Perches), Salmonidæ (Salmon), Clupeidæ (Herabsolutely fixed as to their kind and quality, but 1-soph-or-oũs, a. (Pref. i8o-=equal, and Greek rings), Hyodontidæ (Mooneyes), Engraulidæ (Anone ingredient may be replaced by an equivalent phoros=bearing, carrying.]

chovies), Albulidæ (Lady Fishes), Dussumieridæ portion of some analogous ingredient. Thus in Bol.: Transformable into something else.

Bot.: Transformable into something else.

(Round Herrings), and Elopidæ (Jew Fishes). (Joraugite the lime may be in part replaced by portions 1'-50-põd, i-SO-põde, a. & s. [ISOPODA.]

dan: Vertebrates, Northern United States, 1876.) of peroxide of iron, or of manganese, while the A. As adj.: Having the feet equal in length;

1-so-spör-oŭs, a. (Pref, iso-=equal, and Gr. form of the crystal and the angle of the cleavage isopodous.

sporos, spora=a seed.) , plane remains the same. These substitutions are, however, confined within certain limits. (Lyell,

Bot. (of Cryptogams): Having spores all of one

B. As subst.: A crustacean of the order Isopoda size. The prothallium developed from them grows &c.) (q. v.).

for a considerable time independently of the spore, i-so mor-phoặs, a. [Pref. iso-, and Gr. morphew

"One group of Isopods, the Oniscidæ." - Dr. Henry and bearing both male organs (antheridia) and fe=a form, and Eng, sutk. -ous.) be Woodward, in Cassell's Nat. Hist., vi. 210.

male ones (archegonia). It contains the orders FiliChem.: A term applied to certain substances, i-sop'-o-da, 8. pl. [Pref. iso-, and Gr. pous (genit. ces, Equisetacea, and Ophioglossaces. (Thomé.) which bave the same crystalline form, and are also podos)=a foot.)

1-so-stēm-on-oŭs, a. [Pref. iso-; Gr. stēmon= analogous in their chemical constitution. The Zool.: An order of Crustaceans, division Thoraci. warp; Lat. stamen (g. v.), and Eng. sufl. -ous. alums, for instance, no matter what their composi- poda, legion Edriophthalmia. The body is com. Bot.: Having the stamens equal in number to the tion, all crystallize in octahedra, and if we place a posed of seven segments, as a rule nearly equal in petals. (De Candolle.) fate, făt, färe, amidst, whãt, fâli, father; wē, wět, hëre, camel, hēr, there; pine, pit, sïre, sir, marine; gó, pot,




Isthmian-games 1-B0-stil-bēne, 8. (English iso(meric), and stil. Işi-ra-ěl, 8. (Heb. Israel; Gr. Israël=fighter or II. Technically: bene.

soldier of God (Gesenius), from (Sarah)=(1) to 1. Law: The close or result of pleadings; the Chem.: Unsymmetric diphenyl-ethene. A color- intervene, (2) to be a leader, prefect, or princo, (3) point or matter depending in a suit on which two less non-solidifying oil, obtained by boiling di to fight.)

parties join and put their cause to trial; a single

1. The name divinely given to Jacob during the definite and material point which is affirmed on boils at 277®, and by oxidation is converted into scene at Peniel or Penuel as a memorial that, as a one side and denied on the other. diphen yl-ketone. prince, he had power with God and with men and

"An issue upon matter of law is called a demurrer; and 1-80-tar-tăr'-ic, a. [Eng. iso(meric), and tar. had prevailed (Gen. xxxii. 28).

it confesses the facts to be true, as stated by the opposite taric.] (See the compound.)

2. The Jewish people; a contraction for Children

party; but denies that, by the law arising upon those of Israel or House of Israel. (Hosea xi. 1.) isotartaric-acid, s. (TARTARIC ACID.)

facts, any injury is done to the plaintiff, or that the do

TA religious sect which appeared for the first fendant has made out a legitimate excuse; according to 1-so-thër-al, a. [English, &c., isother(e); -al.] time in England in 1883; in the Registrar-General's the party which first demurs, rests or abides upon the (See etym. and def.)

returns it is called The New and Latter House of point in question. The form of such demurrer is by averisotheral-lines, 8. Israel.

ring the declaration or plea, the replication or rejoinder, Physic. Geog. d Meteor.: Lines on a globe or map

to be bad in substance, that is, insufficient in law to [ Kingdom of Israel: Script. Hist.: The kingdom of the Ten Tribes,

maintain the action or the defense; and the party demur. passing over places in which the mean summer

ring is thereupon understood to pray judgment for want beginning with Jeroboam and ending with the temperature is the same.

of sufficient matter alleged. Upon a demurrer, the opAssyrian Captivity. 1-58-thëre, 8. [Pref. iso-=equal, and Gr. theros

posite party must aver his pleading to be good in sub=summer.)

iş-rä-el-ite, 8. (Heb., &c., Israel, and suff. -ite.] stance, which is called a joinder in demurrer, and then Physic. Geog.& Meteor.: An isotheral line (q.v.). 1. A descendant of Israel and of Jacob; a Jew.

the parties are at issue in point of law. Which issue, in

law or demurrer, the judges of the court before which the i-so-thếrm, 8. [Pref. iso-, and Greek thermē= 2. Used in the New Testament for a Jew viewed as

action is brought must determine. An 188ue of fact is heat. ) a member of the Theocracy. (JEW.] (Trench: Syn.

where the fact only, and not the law, is disputed. And Physic. Geog.& Meteor.: An isothermal line of the New Test., p. 158.)

when he that denies or traverses the fact pleaded by his I-so-ther -mal, a. (Pref. iso-=equal, and thermē Johan "Behold an Israelite indeed in whom is no guile." antagonist has tendered the issue, the other party may

immediately join issue; or if affirmative matter be set =heat. )

out in the pleading, he may at once take issue thereon. Physic. Geog. & Meteor.: Of or belonging to zones iş-rā-el-it-Ic, a. [Eng., &c., Israelit(e); -ic.]

Which done, the issue is said to be joined, both parties or divisions of the land, ocean, or atmosphere, Of or belonging to the Israelites; Hebrew, Jewish. having agreed to rest the fate of the cause upon the truth which have an equal degree of mean annual warmth. Is-rā-el-it-ish. a. (Eng.. &c. Israelitle): -ish.1 of the fact in question. And this issue of fact must, gen. (Lyell.)

u erally speaking, be determined by the country, that is, by Nearly the same as Israelitic, but a less respectful isothermal-lines, 8. pl.

jury."-Blackstone: Comment., bk. iii., ch. 21. word. Geog. & Meteor.: Lines on a globe or map passing 18 İş-rā-el-it-ism, s. (Eng. Israelit(e); -ism; Fr.

2. Surg.: A fontanel; an artificial ulcer made on over places in which the mean general temperature

some part of the body to promote secretion of pus. is the same. Humboldt first generalized the obser- Israelitisme. The same as JUDAISM (q. v.).

T (1) At issue : In controversy; disputed; at varivations and collected the facts bearing on isother is-su-a-ble (su as shù), a. [Eng. issu(e); -able.] ance; disagreeing. mal lines.

1. That may or can be issued; capable of being

(2) To join or take issue: To take up affirmative isothermal-zone, 8. issued.

and negative positions respectively upon a point in Geog. & Meteor.: The space between two isother. 2. Pertaining to an issue or issues; admitting of debate or dispute. mal lines. issue being taken upon it; containing an issue or

"That issue will I ioine with him which shall suffise, issues ; as, an issuable plea.

for the confutacion of this booke."-Bishop Gardner: 1-so-thér-om-brose, a. (Pref. iso-=equal (q.v.);

Vihi Gr. theros=summer, and ombros=rain.) (See etym.

E.cplic., fo. 145. 3. Admitting or allowing of issue being taken or

issue-pea, s. and def.) isotherombrose-lines, 8. pl. issuable-plea, 8.

Therap.: A pea or any similar body placed inside Physic. Geog. & Meteor.: Lines on a globe or map

an issue to maintain irritation and promote the Law: A plea upon which a plaintiff may take is.

secretion of pus. drawn across places having the same amount of sue, and go to trial upon the merits.

For the difference between issue and event, see rain in summer.

issuable-terms, s. pl.

EVENT. i-sõt-om-a, s. [Pref. iso-=equal (q. v.), and Gr. Eng. Law: Hilary and Trinity, because in them is-sue (pron. Ishü), *issew, v.i.&t. (ISSUE, 8.) tome=a cutting.). issues are made up for the assize; but, for town

A. Intransitive:
Bot.: A genus of Lobeliaceæ, tribe Lobeleæ. causes, all the four terms are issuable. (Wharton.)
Isotoma longiflora, a West Indian species, is very is-su-a-blý (su as shü), adv. [Eng. issuab(le);

: I. Ordinary Language. poisonous, both to horses and men. It is an overly.) In an issuable manner; by way of issue.

1. To come, flow, or pass out; to run out, as from potent cathartic.

any inclosed place. 1-so-ton-ic, a. (Gr. (isos)=equal, and tonos= is'-su-ance (su as shũ), s. [Eng. issu(e); -ance.]

"I Richard's body have interred anew, The act of issuing or giving out; as, the issuance of tone.)

And on it have bestowed more contrite tears 1. Ord. Lang. : Indicating or having equal tones. food.

Than from it issued forced drops of blood."

Shakesp.: Henry V., iv. 1. 2. Mus.: Applied to a system of music in which is-su-ant (su as shü), a. [Eng. issu(e); -ant.] each concord is alike tempered, and in which there Her.: Issuing or coming out. A term applied to

*2. To run out or extend in lines. are twelve equal semitones.

a charge or bearing represented as issuing out of "Pipes made with a belly toward the lower end, and 1-so-tri-mor'-phişm, 8. [Eng. isotrimorph(ous); another charge or bearing. When an animal is

then issuing into a straight concave again."--Bacon. ism.

blazoned as issuant, only the upper half is depicted. 3. To go or come out; to rush out. Crystallog.: Isomorphism between the three forms is'-sue (pron. Ishû), s. (Fr., prop. fem, of issu,

The gates cast up, we issued out to play." of two trimorphous substances. pa. par, of issir=to issue, to go out, from Lat. exeo,

Surrey: Virgile; Æneis ii. i-so-tri-mor-phoŭs, a. [Pref. iso.; Gr. trimor from ex-=out, and eo=to go; Ital. uscita, escita.] 4. To proceed, as offspring or progeny; to be dephos = triple: pref. tri., from tris = three, and I. Ordinary Language:

scended, to spring. Dorphe=form.

1. The act of

"of thy song that shall issue from thee, which thou

sing or flowing out; egress; moCrystallog. : Presenting the phenomenon of isotri- tion out of an inclosed place; as, the issue of water

shalt beget, shall they take away.”—2 Kings xx. 18. morphism (q. v.).

from a pipe, the issue of an audience from a hall or 5. To proceed, as from a source; to arise; to be 1-80-trop'-ic, i-80-trop-oňs, a. [Pref. iso-= other public building.

produced as an effect or result; to grow, to accrue. equal, and Gr. trope, or tropos=a turn.] (For def. 2. The act of sending out; delivery; publication. "This is my fault; as for the rest appealed, see compound.) "English railways improved with scarcely an exception

It issues from the rancour of a villain." 180tropic-substances, 8. pl. despite the 18sue of very disappointing traffic returns."

Shakesp.: Richard II., i. 1. Optics, dc.: Substances singly refracting. (Rut. London Daily Telegraph.

6. To result, to turn out, to terminate, to end; as, ley: Study of Rocks, 2d ed. (p. 76.) (Opposed to 3. A means of passing or getting out; a means of It is doubtful how this cause will issue. anisotropous=doubly refracting.) exit or escape.

II. Law: To come to a point in fact, or law on 1-sôu-vit-ic, a. [Eng. isò(meric), and uvitic.]

"Let us examine what bodies touch a movable whilst in which the parties join issue; to join issue.

motion, as the only means to find an issue out of this dit. (See the compound.)

B. Trans.: To send out; to deliver for use: to ficulty."-Digby: On Bodies. isouvitic-acid, s.

supply; to put into circulation.

4. A flux, as of blood. Chem.: (H.0.=( H(CH3)(CO-OH)2. A dibasic

"A writ was issued out to burn him,"—Burnet: Hist, of

"A woman which was diseased with an issue of blood aromatic acid produced from gamboge by fusion twelve years." -Matthew, ix. 20.

the Reform., bk. i. with potassic hydrate, pyrotartaric acid and acetic with potassic hydrate, pyrotartaric acid and acetic twelve years."Matthew, ix. 20.

is-sue-lěss (issue as ishū), a. (Eng. issue; -less.] 5. That which issues; that which proceeds, flows, Withont issue: having no issue or offspring; want acid being formed at the same time. It crystallizes in short rhombic prisms, which are very soluble in or is issued or sent out; the wholo quanity or

ing children, amount issued or sent out; as, the daily issue of a boiling water and melt at 160°.

"* She matched herself with Spain, and brought King paper; the weekly issue of notes from the bank, &c. 1-so-va-lër-ic, a. (Eng. iso(meric), and valeric * 6. Progeny, offspring; a child or children.

Philip hither . (9.5.). ] (See the compound.)

But issueless she died."- Drayton: Polyolbion, s. 17. “The issue of the next son should have reigned." isovaleric-acid, 8. (VALERIC ACID.]

is-su-ēr (issue as ishũ), 8. [Eng. issu(e); -er.]

Shakesp.: Henry VI., Pt. II., ii. 2. 1-80-va-ler -ğl-éne, 8. [Eng. iso(meric), and 7. The produce of the earth; the profits or return

One who issues. talerylene. ] from lands, tenements, or other property.

Isth'-mi-an (or th silent), a. [Lat. Isthmius; Chem.: CH3=(CH),CCCH2. A liquid hydro- 8. Result, fruit, consequence.

Gr. Isthmios.). Of or pertaining to an isthmus; carbon, formed from brom-isoamylene by the action

"Look you for any other issue"

specif. pertaining to the Isthmus of Corinth in of alkalies. It possesses the odor of garlic, and

Shakesp.: Much Ado about Nothing, ii. 2. Greece. boils between 42 and 45°. When treated with

9. That which proceeds from a man; action, deed. Isthmian-games, s. pl. bromine it yields two liquid compounds, a dibro

“How the people take mide. C H Br2, boiling at 170®, and a tetra-bromide,

Gr. Antiq.: Games celebrated in April and May

The cruel issue of these bloody men." CH,Brx, which cannot be distilled unchanged.

of the first and third years of each Olympiad. The Shakesp.: Julius Casar, iii. 1.

contests included all varieties of athletic sports, as Is-pa-han-ee, a.&s. (See def.]

10. A material point in an argument or debate, wrestling, running, boxing, &c., and competitions A. As adj.: Pertaining or relating to Ispahan, in upon which the parties take affirmative and nega in music and poetry. The victors were crowned Persia.

tive positions, and on which they baso the result of with garlands of pine leaves, these being the only B. As subst.: A native or inhabitant of Ispahan. the argument or debate.

prize. boll, boy; póut, jowl; cat, çell, chorus, chin, bench; go, ģem; thin, this; sin, aş; expect, Xenophon, exist. ph = f.

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isth'-mŭs (or th silent), *ist-mus, *isthim, s. CHA(OH) (COOH)3=OH +C3H13(COOH)3, the lat. i-ta-măl-ic, a. [Eng. ita(conic), and malic.] Lat. isthmus, from Gr. isthmos. ]

ter further decomposing into CO2 and itaconic acid. 1. Ord. Lang. & Geog.: A narrow slip or neck of CzH3(CO-OH)3=CO.,+C3H (COOH)2.-It may also

itamalic-acid. s. land connecting two continents together, or unit. be prepared by heating to 160° a mixture of citric Chem. : CHgO;=3H5(OH):(COOH)2. A hom. ing a peninsula to a continent.

acid and water in a sealed tube. Itaconic acid is ologue of malic acid. On heating itaconic acid 2. Anat.: The name given to various parts which inodorous, but has a strong acid taste. It crystal

with concentrated hydrochloric acid, itamonomore or less closely resemble an isthmus. There is lizes in rhombic prisms, soluble in 17 parts of water chlor-pyrotartaric acid is formed, and this, on bollan isthmus of the thyroid body, an isthmus uteri,&c. at 10° and melting at 161. It bears a Isthmus of the fauces:

blance to citraconic acid, but differs from it in not crystallizes in long, deliquescent needles, which are Anatomy.: The constricted passage between the yielding mesaconic acid when treated with nitric soluble in alcohol and ether, and melt between 60 anterior pillars leading from the mouth to the acid.

and 65. Ata higher temperature, it loses a molecule pharynx.

of water, and is re-converted into itaconic acid. it'-a-ką, s. [The Guiana name of the tree.] Isthmus of the thyroid body or gland: Anat.: A transverse portion of the gland uniting Bot.: (See etym. and compound.)

Itch, 8. [A. S. gictha.] [ITCH, v.] the two lateral lobes. itaka-wood, s.

I. Ordinary Language: Is-ti-oph-or-a, 8. pl. [Gr. istion=a web, cloth, Bot. & Comm.: A kind of wood with black and 1. Literally: or sheet, and phoros=bearing, carrying.)

brown streaks, much used in cabinet work. It (1) In the same sense as II. Zool.: A group or division of Insectivorous Bats comes from Macharium schomburgkii, a papilio (2) A sensation of uneasiness in the skin arising having a nose-leaf; but Mr. Dobson, who has deeply naceous tree, tribe Dalbergieæ, growing in Guiana. from the disease or other cause. studied the subject, considers the arrangement t, considers the arrangement I-tăl-ian (i as y), a. & 8. [Ital. Italiano; Lat. something

9-tălcian (1 su b r ol Holiana. Lat 2. Fig.: A constant teasing desire or longing for unnatural,

Italicus, from Italia=Italy; Sp. Italiano.] Is'-u-rět, 8. [Eng. is(omeric), and -uret (q. v.).]

"And this is what the world.
A. As adj.: Of or pertaining to Italy.

Denominates an itch for writing."
Chem.: Hydroxyl-methenyl-diamine. This base,
which is isomeric with carbamide, is formed by the
B. As substantive:

Couper: Epistle to Lady Austen. direct union of hydrocyanic acid with an alcoholic 1. A native or inhabitant of Italy.

II. Path.: Scabies; a disease arising from the solution of hydroxylamine. It crystallizes in 2. The language spoken by the Italians.

irritation produced by the presence in the parts rhombic prisms, which are soluble in water, insol

affected of the itch-mite (q. v.) and its ova. The

Italian-beech, 8. . uble in alcohol, and melt at 104°-105°. It has an

animal burrows chiefly between the fingers, on the alkaline re-action, and unites with one equivalent

Bot.: The same as ITALIAN-OAK (q. v.). Really front of the forearm, on the abdomen, and the in

side of the thighs. The disease chiefly assails of acid, forming crystalline salts. On boiling the an oak, and in no respect a beech. aqueous solution, it decomposes in a very com- Italian-iron, s. A laundress' smoothing-iron for

uncleanly people. It is very common among the plicated manner, yielding nitrogen, carbon dioxide, fluting and smoothing frills; a gauffering-iron.

natives of India and other Orientals. Where it is ammonia, guanidine, biuret, and urea.

widely spread on the body, an ointment made from Italian-juice, 8.

flour of sulphur and lard or vaseline, well rubbed in It. *hit. *hyt, pron. [A. S. hit, neut. of he (q.v.); Icel. hit, neut. of hinn; Dut. het, neut. of hij. The

Comm.: The extract of licorice prepared in Cal. at night and washed off in the morning, is the best genitive case its is comparatively modern. It does abria. There are several kinds; but that prepared Tomody. not occur once in the Authorized Version of 1611,

on the estates of the Marchioness Solazzi, and itch-insect, s. and is found but three times in all Shakespeare, known as Solazzi juice, is the best. [SPANISH

Zool.: An inaccurate name for the itch-mite and not once in Milton, although other writers had already begun to introduce it. In some parts of the

(q. v.). (Griffith & Henfrey.)

Italian-marble, 8. [MARBLE. country the rustics still employ his where educated Italian-may, 8.

itch-mite, s. men would use its. In Levit. xxv. 5, where the moderp editions read" of its own accord,' the edition

Zool.: Sarcoptes scabiei, a small white parasitic Bot.: Spiræa filipendula.

spider, of the family Acaridæ, producing the disof 1611 has" of it own accord." The A. S. genit. his Italian-oak, s.

ease called itch. The mouth is furnished with was regularly used as the genit. of it up to the time Botany: Quercus æsculus. Called also Italian- bristles; so are the third and fourth pair of legs, of Shakespeare.) beech (q. V.).

while the first and second pair have suckers. (ITCH.) 1. A pronoun of the neuter gender corresponding with the masculine he and feminine she, the plural Italian-roof, 8. A hip-roof.

Itch, *icchen, *iken, *yechen, *yichen, r. i. of all three being they. It is frequently classed as I-tăl'-ian-āte (i as y), a. (Eng. Italian; -ate.) [A. S. giccan; cogn. with Dut. jenken; Ger. jucken.) a demonstrative.

Italianized; made conformable to Italian customs 1. Lit.: To have a sensation of uneasiness in the "Keep thy heart with all diligence, for out of it are the or practices. (Marlowe.)

skin which causes in the person a desire to scratch issues of life."--Proverbs iv. 23.

I-tăl-ian-āte (i as y), v. t. [English Italian: or rub the part affected. 2. It is used as the nominative to impersonal -ate.) To render Italian ; to make conformable to

2. Fig.: To long; to desire continually; to feel a verbs; as, It rains, it snows. Italian customs; to Italianize.

constant teasing desire. 3. It is commonly used to introduce a sentence, I-tăl-ian-ism (i as y), 8. [Eng. Italian; -ism.]

"Though I now be old and of the peace, if I see a sword preceding a verb as a nominative, but referring to a A

Jout, my finger itches to make one."-Shakesp.: Merry naive, but referring to a

braca i

A phrase, idiom, or custom peculiar to or characclause or distinct member of the sentence following; teristic of the Italians or the Italian language.

Wives of Windsor, ii. 3. as, It is well known that he is dead.

Itch'-wood, s. (Eng. itch, and wood (q. v.).] 4. It is frequently used to begin a sentence when a I-tăl'-ian-ize (i as y), v. i. & t. [Eng. Italian:

Bot.: Inocarpus vitiensis. personal noun, or the name of a person, or a mas. -Ize.] culine or feminine noun follows, and it may repre- A.Intrans.: To act or speak as an Italian; to act itch'-ý, a. [Eng. itch; -y.] Affected with the sent any one of the three genders, or either the sing. the Italian.

itch; of the nature of the itch. ular or the plural number; as, It is I, be not B. Trans.: To render Italian; to give an Italian

“Excess, the scrofulous and itchy plague, afraid," " It is these,"&c. character to.

That seizes first the opulent." 1 When a question is asked, it follows the verb; as, Who was it that betrayed Christ? ;

Couper: Task, iv. 582. 1-tăl -ic, a. & 8. [Lat. Italicus=Italian, from 5. It is used absolutely for the state of a person or Italia=Italy.)

-ite, suff. [Lat. -ites; Gr. -itës. (See def.)] thing; as, “How is it with the general?" (Shakesp.: A. As adjective:

I. Ordinary Language : Coriolanus, V.5.)

1. Ord. Lang.: Of or pertaining to Italy or the1. As an adjectival suffix: Of or belonging to, as 6. It is used indefinitely after intransitive verbs, Italians frequently imparting a ludicrous meaning.

2. Print.: A term applied to a sloping type, com;


2. As a substantial suffix: One belonging to; as, "If Abraham brought all with him, it is not probable monly employed to give emphasis or to draw special that he meant to walk it back again for his pleasure." attention to a particular letter, word, or sentence.

an Israelite, a man belonging to the people of Raleigh. It is so called from having been invented by Aldo

Israel. it-a-bă 1-11, 8. [The Guiana name.]

Manuzio (Aldus Manutius), an Italian printer, born II. Technically:

in 1447, died in 1515. Bot.: (See etym. and compound.)

1. Chem.: A suffix used in chemical terms in the This line is printed in italic type.

naming of salts. When the name of the acid ter. Itaballi-wood, s.

B. As substantive:

minates in -ous, the name of the salt ends in -ite, Bot.: The wood of Vochya guianensis. It is hard Print.: An italic letter or type.

and the word thus formed is connected by or with but not very durable.

Italic School of Philosophy

the name of the base combined with the acid. Thus Y-tăb'-ir-yte. I-tăb'-ir-ite. 8. (From Itabira, a Hist. & Philos. A term adopted by some writers from sulphurous acid come sulphites, as, sulphite to denote the Pythagorean and Eleatic systems

of sodium, sulphite of barium, &c. mountain in Brazil. ) Min. & Petrol.: A micaceous variety of hematite, taken together, but more properly confined to that

2. Min.: A mineral. Remotely it was derived found in micaceous schist in North and South Car- of Pythagoras alone. The reason of the name lies from the

from the Gr. -itēs, which is an adjectival terminaolina. &c. Called also specular schist (g.v.). in the statement that Pythagoras taught in Italy. tion=of or belonging to, and required lithos added, (Dana.)

and more particularly in the south and southwest.

' before the meaning stone was supplied. Thus py

rités is=of or on fire, and pyrités lithos, firestone, i-ta-col-u-mite, i-ta-col-n-myte, 8. [From Italic-version, 8.

not simply pyritēs, is the mineral which strikes fire, Itacolumi=the Giant, the name of several Brazilian Ch. Hist.: The version of the Scriptures in Latin as copper or other pyrites. When the Greek word mountains.]

known as Vetus Itala. It was made early in the was transferred to Latin, lithos=stone, wasdropped, Petrol.: A laminated granular flexible quartz second century, the Old Testament being trans- and pyrites is used by Pliny for (1) flint, (2) a millrock, with a little talc, found in Brazil, Georgia, lated from the LXX., not from the Hebrew. St. Stone, and (3) iron pyrites, sulphuret of iron. MinNorth Carolina, the Ural Mountains, &c. It some Jerome was dissatisfied with it, and, after trying in eralogists taking the word from Pliny's Latin, and times contains diamonds and gold. Ratley spells vain to amend it to his satisfaction, made the Latin not from Greek, now attach to .ite the signification the word Itacolumite and Dana Itacolumyte. translation, now in common use in the Roman stone or mineral.

i-ta-con-ic, a. (Formed by transposition from Church, known as the Vulgate, which was approved 3. Palæont. & Palæo-bot.: Fossil. Used as the aconitic (?).] (See the compound.) by the Council of Trent.

English equivalent of -ites in the termination of itaconic-acid, s.

I-tăl -Y-çişm, 8. [Eng. italic; -ism.] An Italian many genera; as ammonite, the English equivalent

of ammonites; belemnite, of belemnites; Nipadites, Chem.: CH.(CO-OH)2. A bibasic acid, isomeric idiom or custom; an Italianism.

of Nipa. with citraconic and mesaconic acids, obtained by i-tăl-Y-çize, v. t. [Eng. italic; -ize.] To write *4. Petrol.: Formerly -ite was used also for rock.

tion of citric acid, whereby its water or print in italic type; to make emphatic or dis- but Dana, for discrimination's sake, altered it to is first driven off and then aconic acid is formed. tinct by the use of italics.

-yte. Some still use-ite in place of -yte. fāte, făt, färe, amidst, whãt, fâli, father; wē, wět, hëre, camel, hér, thêre; pine, pit, sîre, sir, marine; go, pot,


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