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irritation Ir-rě-věal-a-bly, adv. (Eng. irrevealab(le); I. Ord. Lang.: In the same sense as II. 1.

Ir'-rit-ant (1), a. & 8. (Fr., from Lat. irritans -ly.) So as not to be revealable.

II. Technically:

(genit, irritantis), pr. par, of irrito=to provoke, to ir-rěv -ēr-ence, 8. (Fr., from Lat. irreverentia, 1. Agric.: The act of watering land by causing a

hy cansing a enrage, stimulate, incite, or excite.] from irreverens=irreverent (q. v.); Sp. irreveren- stream to flow and spread over it.

A. As adj.: Exciting irritation ; producing excitecia.]

"This way of irrigation may by a cheap and easy me

ment; causing pain, heat, or tension by mechanical 1. The quality or state of being irreverent; want chanical contrivance be very much improved."- Boyle:

injuries, chemical action, &c. of reverence or veneration; want of a due regard or Worles, iii. 447.

B. As substantive: respect for the character, position, or authority of a Millions of acres of land in the Western States 1. Pharmacy: superior; irreverent conduct or actions.

have been reclaimed and fitted for cultivation (1) Sing.; That which produces irritation or ex. *That is the natural language, the true signification by means of irrigation, and there exists a United citement of any muscle, nerve, or other organ or and import of all irreverence." - South: Sermons, vol. ii.,

States statute fixing a price of 25 cents per acre on part of the body. ser. 3.

all lands so reclaimed, provided record of entry of (2) Pl.: Garrod makes Irritants the first order of *2. The quality or state of being disregarded or them, under the "Desert Lands Act," is made at the his second division, that of external remedies. Ho treated with disrespect. nearest United States land office.

includes under it three groups-(1) Rubefacients, **The irrererence and scorn the judges were justly in." 2. Med.: The art or operation of making water (2) Epispastics, Vesicants, or Blistering Agents, - Clarendon: Civil War.

trickle over an inflamed wound or other portion of and (3) Pustulants. *ir-rēv'-ēr-end, a. (Pref. ir-rin-(2), and Eng. the body morbidly affected.

2. Toxicology: An irritant poison (q.v.).

*ir-rig'-u-oŭs, a. (Latin irriguus=irrigating, . reverend (q. v.).] Irreverent.

Pure irritant: A poison producing inflamma.

tion without corrosive action on the tissues. "If any man use immodest speech or irreverend ges.

from irrigorto irrigate; Ital. irriguo.]

1. Watery. watered. ture."-Strype: Life of Abp. Grindal, App. bk. ii.

irritant-poison, 8.

"The flow'ry lap Ir-rěv-ēr-ent, a. (Fr., from Lat. irreverens,

Toxicol.: A poison which produces inflammation Of some irriguous valley spread her store."

with or without corrosive action on the tissues, as from ir-sin-=not, and reverens, pr. par. of revereor

Milton: P. L., iv. 256.

arsenic, mercury, or other mineral poisons. =to revere (q. v.); Sp. & Ital. irreverente.]

2. Penetrating gently, as water into the earth. 1. Wanting in reverence or respect toward the

Ir'-rit-ant (2), a. (Lat. irritans, pr. par. of Supreme Being, or any superior; having no venera

“Rash Elpenor... thought

irrito=to invalidate: in-=not, and ratus=ratified, tion; disrespectful.

To exhale his surfeit by irriguous sleep."

Philips: Cider, bk. ii. valid.]Rendering null and void; invalidating. “Witness the irreverent son Of him who built the ark." Milton: P. L., xii. 101. *Ir-riş-1-ble, a. (Pref. ir-=in. (2), and Eng. irritant-clause, s.

2. Proceeding from or characterized by irrever. risible (q.v.).] Not risible; not capable of laughter. Scots Law: A clause in a deed declaring null and ence; expressive of or displaying a want of rever. Ir-ri-sion, 8. [Fr., from Lat. irrisionem, acc. of void certain specified acts if they are done by the

party holding under the deed. It is supplemented ence or respect. irrisiora laughing at, from irrisus, pa. par. of

by the resolutive clause. * Dishonoring the grace by irreverent cavils at the dis. irrideo=to laugh at: in-=at, and rideo=to laugh; pensation."-Warburton: Divine Legation, bk. ii., 84.

Ir-ri-tāte (1 v. t. & i.

t. irritatus, pa. par.

of irrito=to irritate.] Ir-rěv-ēr-ent-18, adv. Eng. irreverent: -lv.] at or mocking another; mockery, derision. In an irreverent manner; without due regard or re "Then he againe, by way of irrision, Ye say very true A. Transitive: spect. indeed."--P. Holland: Suetonius, p. 212.

I. Ordinary Language: “To speak irreverently of God, or to scofr at religion." ir-rit-a-bil-1-tỹ, 8. (Fr. irritabilité, from Lat.

-rit-a-bil-1-ty, 8. Fr. irritabilite, from Lat. 1. To excite, to stir up, to inflame.

1 Toe -South: Sermons, vol. viii., ser. 1.

irritabilitatem, acc. of irritabilitas, from irritabilis "Dvdde with vncleane motions or countynances irritate Ir-rở vềrs'-1-ble. a. (Pref. ir-rin- (2), and Eng. =irritable (q. v.); Sp. irritabilidad; Ital. irrita- the myndes of the dauncers."-Sir T. Elyot: The Governor, terersible (q. V.). bilità.l

bk. i., ch. xix. 1. Not reversible; incapable of being reversed or I. Ord. Lang.: The quality or state of being 2. To excite heat, redness, and inflammation in; turned the opposite way.

irritable or easily provoked or irritated; suscepti. to infiame, to fret; as, to irritate a sore. 2. Incapable of being recalled, repealed, or an- bility to irritation; petulance.

3. To excite anger or displeasure

ex, to nulled; irrevocable.

“During some hours his gloomy irritability kept his annoy, to exasperate. * This rejection of the Jews, as it is not universal, so

versal, so servants, his courtiers, even his priests, in terror."neither is it final and irreversible."-Jortin: Remarks on

“The persecution which the separatists had under.. Macaulay: Hist. Eng., ch. xxi. Ecel. Hist.

gone had been severe enough to irritate, but not severe

enough to destroy."--Macaulay: Hist. Eng., ch. i. Ir-rē vērs*-1-ble-něss, s.

II. Technically:

[Eng. irreversible; ness. The quality or state of being irreversible.' 1. Anat. (of a muscle): Vital contractibility, the 4. To give greater force or energy to: to increase: ir-rě-vērs'-1-bly, adv. [Eng. irrerersible); -ly.]the application of a stimulus. It varies in duration y property of visibly contracting, even after death, on to heighten.

"Air, if very cold, irritateth the flame, and maketh it In an irreversible manner; so as to be irreversible;

according to the muscle irritated. The right auri- burn more fiercely."-Baoon. irrevocably.

cle has been found irritable for sixteen and a half ** Many myriads of solifidians have stumbled, and fallen hours after death. A voluntary muscle has been

5. To excite, to heat, to stimulate. irrerersibly."-Hammond: Works, i. 462.

found irritable twenty-four hours after death. The “Cold maketh the spirits vigorous, and irritateth Ir-rěv-Ó-ca-bil-1-tý, s. (Eng. irrevocable; -ity.) great physiologist Albert Von Haller directed much them." --Bacon, The quality or state of being irrevocable. attention to the subject of irritability.

II. Technically: Ir-rēv -o-ca-ble, *ir-rěv'--ka-ble, adj. (Fr.,

2. Bot.: Excitability of an extreme character, in 1. Physiol.: To excite irritation in; to excite the from Lat. revocabilis, from ir-=in-=not, and re

which an organ exhibits movements different from irritability of. (IRRITABILITY.]

thoso commonly met with in plants. Its known tocabilis=revocable (q.v.); Sp. irrevocable; Ital.

n plants. Its known 2. Pathol.: To cause morbid excitement in. irrevocabile. Not revocable; incapable of being

causes are three-atmospheric pressure, spontarevoked or recalled; that cannot be reversed, re.

B. Intrans.: To excite, to heat, to inflame. neous motion, and the contact of other bodies.

"Music too... is tempered by the law; Thus plants sleep, the compound leaves, where pealed, or annulled; irreversible, unalterable. such exist, folding together; so also the sensitive

Still to her plan subservient melts in notes, “ Wrathful Jove's irrerocable doom, plant sbrinks from touch,

Which cool and soothe, not irritate and warm." Transfers the Trojan state to Grecian hands." 3. Pathol. (of any organ): Morbid excitement or

Glover: Leonidas, bk, ii. Dryden: Virgil's Aneid, il. 489. excitability, often with pain. Thus there may be

*Ir'-ri-tāte (2), v. t. (Lat. irritatus, pa. par. of Ir-rěv-o-ca-ble-nēss, s. (English irrevocable; irritability of the bladder.

irrito=to invalidate; ir-=in-=not, and ratus=rati. -ness.] The quality or state of being irrevocable. Ir-rit-a-ble, a. (Fr., from Lat. irritabilis, from

fied, valid.1 To invalidate; to make of none effect; Ir-rěv-oc-a-biy, adv. [Eng. irrevocab(le); -ly.) irrito=to irritate (q. v.); Sp. irritable; Ital. irrita.

to render null and void. In an irrevocable manner; in a manner not admit- bile.)

*Ir'-ri-tāte, adj. (IRRITATE (1), v.] Excited, ting of repeal or recall; beyond recall.

I. Ordinary Language:

heightened, inflamed. "I pledge my word, irrevocably past."

"When they are collected, the heat becometh more Byron: Nisus and Euryalus. 1. Easily irritated or exasperated; petulant, fretful.

violent and irritate."--Bacon: Nat. Hist. *Ir-těv -o-ka-ble, a. (IRREVOCABLE.]

Ir-ri-tā'-tion, s. [Fr., from Lat. irritationem, "His irritable and imperious nature was constantly im. *ir-rěv-0-lu-ble, a. (Pref. ir-=in-(2), and Eng. pelling him to quarrel with both."- Macaulay: Hist. Eng.,

accus. of irritatio, from irritatus, pa. par. of irrito revoluble (q. v.).] That cannot roll or turn round; ch. xvii.

=to irritate (1); Sp. irritacion; Ital. irritazione.] not revolving; having no rotatory motion.

2. Susceptible of being worked into a heat or I. Ordinary Language: "Progressing the dateless and irreroluble circle of eter. painfulness; as, an irritable sore.

1. The act of irritating, provoking, exasperating, nity they shall clasp inseparable hands."- Milton: On

II. Technically:

or vexing. The Leform. in England, bk. ii.

2. The state of being irritated; anger, vexation, ir-rhě-tor'-Ic-al, a. [Pref. ir-sin- (2), and Eng. 1: Anatomy:

annoyance, exasperation. rh torical (q.v.).] Not rhetorical ; unpersuasive.

(1) Gen.: Capable of being acted upon with effect by Stimuli:

3. The act of exciting heat or inflammation, Ir-rl-gåte, v. t. (Latin irrigatus, pa. par. ot (2) Spec. (of muscles): Capable of contracting

“It will often happen, that the fibres or motive organs

of the stomach, bowels, and other parts will, by that irri. irrigo=to moisten, to irrigate: in=on, upon, and under the influence of stimuli. (IRRITABILITY, rigo=to moisten; Ital. irrigare.]

tation, be brought to contract themselves vigorously." II.1.]

Boyle: Works, v. 212. 1. To water, to wet; to fill with a fluid or liquid. 2. Bot.: Capable of being excited to motion under “We say that bloud, coming to a part to irrigate it, is the influence of certain stimuli.

II. Technically: • at length transmuted into the nature of that

Ir-rit-a-ble-ness. s. Eng. irritable: ness.] 1. Pathol.: An abnormally potent sensation or part."-Digoy: of Bodies, ch. xxiv.

action, or both together, produced by mechanical The quality or state of being irritable; irritability. ac 2. To moisten.

or chemical agents, or other causes. Even bunger Ir-rit-a-bly, adv. [Eng. irritab(le); -ly.] In an will produce this action, simulating that produced * Their frying blood com pels to Irrigate Their dry-furred tongues." irritable manner; with irritation.

by strength, but the reaction with increased weak. "J. Philips: Cider, bk. ii. ir'-rit-an-cý (1), 8. [Eng. irritant (1); -cy.) ness is great and immediate. 3. To water, as land, by causing a stream to flow The quality or state of being irritant or irritating. hysiology:

(1) Gen.: The normal action, both in character and spread over it.

ir'-rit-an-cý (2), 8. [Eng. irritan(t) (2); -cy.) and amount, produced by appropriate stimuli on Ir-ri-gã-tion, s. (Lat. irrigatio, from irrigatus, Scots Law: The quality or state of being irritant any portion of the bodily frame. pa. par. of irrigo=to irrigate (q.v.); Fr.irrigation; or of no force or effect; the state of being pull and (2) Spec.: Tho contraction of the muscles under Ital. irrigazione.] void.

the operation of appropriate stimuli. boil, boy; pout, Jówl; cat, çell, chorus, chin, bench; go, gem; thin, this; sin, aş; expect, Xenophon, exist. ph = f.




Yr'-ri-ta-tive, a. [Eng. irritat(e); -ive.] It is found in the Himalaya Mountains, and feeds = Acts viii. 32-35; lv. 3=Acts xiii. 84; lvi. 7=Mat. xxi. 13; 1. Serving or tending to irritate or excite. chiefly on vegetables. Caled also the Indian White lxi. 1-3=Luke iv. 17-21; lxv. 1, 2=Ron. 1. 20-21; lxv. 17=

2. Pet. iii. 13; 1xvi. 21=Mark ix. 43-48. 2. Accompanied with or produced by increased bear.. action or irritation; as, an irritative fever.

is-ăb-nõr'-mạl, 8. [Pref. is-, and Eng. abnormal is-ặ1-1ğl-ene, 8. [Eng. is(atis); allyl, and suff.

-ene. *ir-ri-ta-tör-ỹ, a. [Eng. irritat(e); -ory.] Irri: (0; }J tating; causing irritation.

Meteor. (pl.): Deviations from mean tempera

Chem.: CHCCH2. A gaseous hydrocarbon, ture.

isomeric with allylene, prepared by the electrolysis “By reason either of some passion or of some irritatory

of potassic itaconate. It combines directly with and troublesome humor in his behavior." -- Ilale: Rem. tis-a-děl -phoŭs, a. (Pref. is-; Gr. adelphosra h

bromine, forming a crystalline isallylene tetrabroErring Christians. brother, and Eng. sufl. -ous.)

mide, CH2Br CBr CH Br. It gives no precipitato *ir-rite'. v. t. Fr. irriter. from Lat. irrito=to Bot. (of a diadelphous flower): Having the two

with ammoniacal solutions of silver salts. irritate (1). To irritate, to exasperate. to influ. “brotherhoods' or bundles of stamens egual.

is-ăm'-ic, a. (Eng., &c., is(atis); am(monia), ence, to provoke.

tīs'-a-göğe, tis-a-gogue, 8. [Gr. eisagoge=(1) and suff. -ic.] (See the compound.) "Irriting and provoking men unto anger."-Grafton: (Gen.) a bringing in ; (2) (Law) a bringing of cases isamic-acid. s. Edw. V.(an. 1).

into court; (3) (Rhet.) an introduction, an elementir'-rör-āte, v. t. [Latin irroratus, pa. par. of a of ary treatise. (ISAGOGICS.)

Chem.: C16H12N204. Imasatic acid. Produced by irroro, 1rom ir-rin-=on, upon, and roro=to distill Rhet., Theol., dc.: An introduction to the study the action of warm ammonia on isatine. It crystal.

lizes in glistening rhombic plates of the color of dow; ros (genit. roris) = dew.] To moisten with en with of a department of thought.

red iodide of mercury, which are slightly soluble dew; to bedew.

is-a-goģ-Ic, 1-să-goģ-Ic-al, a. (Lat. isagogi- in boiling water, forming a bright yellow solution. *ir-rör-ā-tion, subst. (IRRORATE.] The act of cus; Gr. eisagögikos = introductory; eisagoge = an but very soluble in hot alcohol and in ether. It bedewing; the state of being bedewed.

introduction: eis=into, and agõge=a leading; ago dissolves in hydrochloric acid with a beautiful =to lead.]

violet color, but is violently attacked by bromine. Ir-rû-bric-al, a. [Pref. ir-=in. (2), and Eng

og Theol., Rhet., &c.: Introductory. (J. A. Alexan- forming indelibrome C16H3Br N203. By boiling rubrical (q. v.).] Not rubrical; not according to der)

with dilute acids it is decomposed into ammonia the rubric.

is-a-goģ-Ics, s. (ISAGOGIC.)

and isatine. Ammonium isamate, C16H12(NH4)N304, *ir'-ru-gãte, v. t. [Latin irrugatus, pa. par. of

crystallizes in microscopic needles. Potassium is

Theol., &c.: Introduction (q. v.); the preliminary irrugo: in- (intens.), and rugo = to wrinkle.] To

eminary amate, C16H12KN304, is a very stable compound,

investigations regarding the sacred books, &c., and may be boiled without decomposing. wrinkle.

before reaching hermeneutics and exegesis. Ir-răpt -ěd, adj. [Latin irruptus, pa. par. of

is-ăm-ide, s. (Eng., &c., is(atis), and amide.] irrumpo=to break into: in-=in, into, and rumpor

I'-să-gon, 8. [Gr. isos=equal, and gonia=an

Chem.: C16H4NO3. Amasatin. A bright yellow to break.] Broken violently and with great force. angle; Fr. isagone.]

powder produced by heating ammonium isamate Ir-rūp'-tion, 8. [Fr., from Latin irruptionem, Math.: A figure whose angles are equal.

till water is driven off, and washing the residue accus. of irruptio, from irruptus, pa. par of I-sā’-1-ah, Is-ā-iah (i as y), s. (Heb. Yesha. with water. It is insoluble in water and ether, but irrumpo; Sp. irrupcion; Ital. irruzione.)

yahu=the salvation of Jehovah, i. e., the salva moderately soluble in boiling alcohol containing 1. A breaking in; a bursting in; an attack. tion effected by Jehovah; Gr. Hesaias.)

ammonia. “With terrible irruption bursting o'er

Script. Hist.: One of the greatest of the Hebrew is-ap-os-toi-ic, a. [Pref. is- (q. v.), and Eng. The marble cliffs." Falconer: Shipwreck, iii.

prophets. He was the son of Amos, whom some of apostolic. Cf. also Gr. isapostolos.

the fathers supposed to be the prophet Amos, the 1. (Of persons): Equal in sanctity or devotedness 2. A sudden invasion or incursionin to a count

country; names being identical in Greek; in Hebrew, howan inroad.

ever, they are different, the prophet being Amos, 2. Of laws or customs: As binding on the Christian fir-rūpt -Ive, a. (Lat. irrupt(us), pa. par. of and Isaiah's father Amots. As in the vision recorded conscience as if they had been instituted by irrumpo; Eng. adj. suff. -ive.] Rushing or bursting in Isaiah vi., the prophet is represented as being in apostles. in or upon.

the court which none but the descendants of Aaron i-sär'-1-a. 8. (From Gr. isos equal to, the same Ir-ving-iteş, s. pl. [For etym. see def.)

might enter, he was perhaps a priest. He was born
probably between B. c. 788 and 783. He married a asi

as; fem. sing. adj. suff. -aria.)
Ecclesiol. & Ch. Hist.: The followers of the Rev.
y. woman to whom, as to him, prophetic gifts were

Bot.: The typical genus of the suborder Isariacei Edward Irving, who was born at Annan, Scotland, given (Isa. vii. 3). One of his sons was called

(q. v.). It consists of filamentous molds, parasitic on August 15, 1792; in 1819 became assistant to the Shear

Shear-jashub=a remnant returns, or a remnant will some on insects, especially Hymenoptera, on dead celebrated Dr. Chalmers, in St. John's Church, return” (vii. 3); another Maber-shalal-hash-baz= Pupe,

pupæ, spiders' nests, and partly upon various vegeGlasgow; in July, 1823, was chosen pastor of a smal! hasten to the spoil. quickly carry off the prey.

table substances. (Berkeley.) Scottish Presbyterian congregation in London, and Isaiah exerted great influence at the court of Jeru. i-sär-1 -ě-i (pl. i-sär-1-ā-c-1), 8. [Mod. Lat. attracting thither crowds of eminent people, had salem under Ahaz, and yet more under Hezekiah, isaria: Lat, mas. pl. adj. suff ei, -acei.] built for him a fine church in Regent Square, to which he removed in 1829. On October 16, 1831, the

ontemporary with Amos, Hosea, Micah, Bot.: A sub-order of Hyphomycetous fungi. The

ne and perhaps with Joel. Besides his prophecies, he fertilatbreads are compacted and have a gift of speaking in unknown tongues was alleged to wrote also biographies or histories of Uzziah (2 pulverulent spores at their free apices.

Besides his prophecies, he fertile threads are compacted, and have deciduous have been bestowed upon some people, most of Chron. xxvi. 92. and Hezekiah (xxxii. 3

British them females, in his congregation, the same phe- tione

genera, Isaria, Anthina, and Ceratium. De tion says that he was sawn asunder by order of nomenon having arisen on a limited scale before in King Manasseh, his tragic fate, it is supposed, being

1-săs-træ-a, 8. (Pref. is-, and Mod. Lat. astraa

1-888 Glasgow. Irving believed that the miraclerecorded alluded to in Heb. xi. 37. 191

(2) (q. v.).) in Acts ii. 4-11 had occurred again, and that Pente- The Prophecies of Isaiah:

Palæont.: A genus of fossil Actinozoa, family costal times had returned. The more sober minded Scripture Canon : The first and most important of Astræidæ. It is from the Oolite. of his flock and his ministerial brethren thought the prophetic books. It is headed “The vision of differently, and were strongly influenced by the Isaiah, the son of Amoz, which he saw concerning

is-a-tăn, s. (Eng., &c., isat (is); -an.] consideration that no human being of any national Judah and Jerusalem

Chem.CHNO. A white compound produced

in the days of Uzziah, ity recognized the new tongue as his own. Irving's Jotham. Ahaz. and Hezekiah, Kings of Judah." If

by boiling disulphisatyde with acid ammonium views regarding the human nature of Christ were char st were chapter vi. is chronologically the earliest of any,

sulphate. It dissolves in boiling alcohol, and dealso deemed erroneous. On May 3, 1832, it was de- and describes his first call to the prophetic office,

posits on cooling in the form of rectangular crystals. cided that Mr. Irving was unfit to retain the pastor- his utterances would commence in B. C. 758, 757, or

When strongly heated it yields a mixture of isatine ate of Regent Square Church, and on March 15. 756. If the prophecies are arranged in the order of

and indine. Boiling nitric acid decomposes it, with 1833, the Presbytery of Annan, which had licensed time, then chapters i.-v. would belong o an earlier

the formation of a violet powder, somewhat rehim as a preacher, deposed him from the ministry. period. Omitting these writings of uncertain date,

sembling nitrindin. He died December 8, 1834. His followers are often the next utterances are in the reign of Ahaz, none is'-a-tāte, 8. [Eng., &c., isat(18): -ate (Chem.). popularly termed Irvingites, but the official desig- apparently belonging to the sixteen years of Chem.: A salt of isatic-acid (q. v.). nation of the denomination which he founded is Jotham's reign. He continued at least till the the Holy Apostolic Church. They use a liturgy fourth year of King Hezekiab. B. C. 712. a period of i-sat-ic, a. (Eng., &c., isat(is) ; -ic.] See the framed in 1842 and enlarged in 1853. They have an 44 to 46 vears. This is the minimum span of his compound. altar on which candles are lit, and they burn in prophecies: the maximum is much greater.

isatic-acid, s. By boiling a solution of potassium cense (q. v.). As church officers they have apostles, The book 'naturally divides itself into three parts: isatine, it is converted into potassic isatate, angels, prophets, &c.

(1) chapters x. to xxxv., the earlier prophecies; (2) C HANKO3, which, on the addition of plumbic aceis, v. [See def.] The third person sing., pres. ch. xxxvi. to xxxix., an historic appendix or inter. tate, gives a precipitate of plumbic isatate. When indic. of the substantive verb to be. It represents calation; and (3) cb. xl. to lxvi. the later proph- this is suspended in water, decomposed with sulthe Sansc. asti, Goth. ist, Lat. est, Gr. esti.

ecies. The standpoint in tbis third section is that phureted hydrogen, and the filtrate evaporated in

of the Babylonian captivity, and Cyrus, who set vacuo, a white flocculent deposit of isatic acid or Is-, pref. [Iso-.]

the two tribes free, is mentioned by name (xliv. 28, trioxindol is obtained. Ammonium isatate is capaiş-a-běl, 8. [From Isabelle. Generally referred xlv. 1). Hence Koppe (A. D. 1779-1781) supposed ble of existing only in solution. Barium isatate, to Isabelle of Austria, daughter of Philip II. of a second author, a view adopted by Doderlein, ('8H Ba NO3, produced by the action of baryta water Spain, and wife of Archduke Albert of Austria, who, Eichhorn, Justi, Paulus De Wette, Gesenius, Ewald, on isatine, crystallizes in scales. The silver salt. in A.D. 1601, made a vow not to change her linen and nearly all rationalistic critics. On the other ( HAgNO3, crystallizes in fine yellow prisms, which until her husband had taken Ostend, which he was hand Heng besieging. The town, however, held out till A. D. maintained the integrity of Isaiah. Viewed as a bromine and chlorine forming bromisatic and 1604, by which time her linen had assumed a dingy poetic composition the book of Isaiah exhibits chlorisatic acids. hue.) A pale brownish-yellow color, dull yellow genius of a very high order. There are numerous i-săt-1-dæ. 8. pl. rLat. isat(is): fem. pl. adi. with a mixture of gray and red. quotations from or references to Isaiah in the New

suff. -ida.) isabel-bear, s. [ISABELLINE-BEAR.)

Testament, ch. liii. and other prophecies (vii. 14; ix. Bot. A family of Brassicaces, tribe Notorhizem.

1, 2; liii. 4; lxiii. 1-3) being considered Messianic isabel-color, isabella-color, 8. The same as and applied to Jesús. Hence Jerome considered

Jared is-a-tine, subst. (Eng., &c., isati(8); -ine.] ObISABEL (q. v.).

that Isaiah should rather be called an evangelist tained by suspending finely powdered indigo in iş-a-běl-line, a. (Modern Latin isabellinus.] than a prophet, and he is frequently called the fifth three times its weight of boiling water, and adding (ISABEL.] Evangelist.

gradually nitric acid of specific gravity 1:35 until

On cooling, crude isabelline-bear, 8.

Isaiah i. 9= Rom. ix. 29. vi. 9. 10=Mat. viii. 14. 15. Acts the blue color has disappeared.

Xxviii. 26-27; vii. 14=Mat.'i. 22, 23: viii. 14 =Rom. ix. 33: isatine is deposited, and may be purified by dissolvZool.: Ursus isabellinus, a lighter variety of the ix. 1. 2=Mat. iv. 14-16; X. 22=Rom. ix. 27. 28: al. 3=Mat. ing in potash, precipitating with hydrochloric acid, Syrian bear. It is of a yellowish-brown color, but iii. 3. Mark i. 8: xlii. '1-3=Mat. xlii. 17-20; xliv. 25=1 Cor. and crystallizing from alcohol. It crystallizes in the hue varies according to the season of the year. i. 19, 20; liii. 1.=Rom. x. 16; liii. 4=Mat viii. 17; liii. 7-8 the form of brilliant yellowish-red prisms, which fāte, făt, färe, amidst, whãt, fâli, father; wē, wět, hëre, camel, hér, thêre; pine, pit, sïre, sir, marine; gó, pot,

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dissolve readily in boiling water, in alcohol, and in Is-chi-ăt-ic, a. [ISCHIADIC.]

isethionic-acid, s. ether. It may also be produced synthetically by the Is-chi-ăt'--çēle, is-chi-o-çēle, s. [Eng., &c., Chem.: This acid, which is isomeric with sulaction of oxidizing agents on amido-oxindol, or by ischiati(c), and Gr. kēlē=tumor.).

phovinic acid, was discovered by Magnus in 1833. the reduction of orthonitro-phenyl glyoxalic acid in

Surg.: Hernia or rupture through the sacro-sciatic It is obtained most readily by adding sulphuric alkaline solution. Isatine does not unite with acids, but rather plays the part of an acid. It dis. lligaments; a rupture between the os sacrum and anhydride to anhydrous ether, cooled by a mixture

of ice and salt. The resulting thick, oily liquid is solves in potassic bydrate, forming a dark violet. the tuberosity of the os ischium.

diluted with water, boiled for several hours in colored solution of potassium isatine, which, on is-chi-Ó-, pref. [Gr. ischion=the hip joint.)

order to decompose the ethionic acid, and then sataddition of argentio nitrate, gives carmine-red Anat., dc.: Of or belonging to the hip joint.) urated with baric carbonate. The liquid, filtered crystals of argentic isatine, CAHANO.Ag. It also

at the boiling point, yields, first crystals of baric yields crystalline compounds, with alkaline hydric ischio-capsular, a.

methionate, and afterward, on further evaporation, sulphites. Boiling with concentrated nitric acid, it Anat.: Pertaining to the hip joint and capsular. baric isethionate (HO'CH:CH, SO2:0) Ba. On is converted first into nitro-salicylic acid, and There is an ischio-capsular ligament.

decomposing the baric salt with sulphuric acid, finally into trinitro-phenol. When strongly heated,

and evaporating the filtrate, isethionic acid is obisatine fuses and sublimes in part unchanged.

Ischio-cavernous, a.

tained in the form of deliquescent needles. The

Anat.: Pertaining to the hip joint and cavernous. is-a-tis, s. (Lat. isatis, from Gr. isatis=a plant, , There is an ischio-cavernous muscle.

ates, which can be prepared by decompos

ing the baric salt with solutions of the respective Isatis tinctoria (?), producing a dark dye-wood. (Def.))

ischio-rectal, a.

metallic sulphates, are all soluble in water, and Bot.: Wood. The typical

slightly soluble in alcohol. They crystallize well,

Anat.: Pertaining to the rectum and to the hip genus of the Cruciferons

and often can be heated to 350° without decomjoint. There is an ischio-rectal fossa. family Isatidæ (q. v.). It

position. Ammonium isethionate, C2H5(NH4)SO4, consists of tall, erect, an


Greek ischys crystallize

crystallizes in well-defined octahedrons, which do nual or biennial branched strength, and odoussa tooth.]

not lose weight at 120°. Potassic isethionate, herbs, with equal sepals and

Palæont.: A genus of Chimæridæ, found in the C2H:K S04, forms rhomboidal prisms, which melt one-celled indehiscent pods,

Secondary and Tertiary deposits.

between 300' and 350°. The copper salt, C.H.Cu SO. oblong, ovate, or orbicular,

Is-chi-um, s. [Gr. ischion=the hip joint.]

forms pale-green prisms with rhombic base ; at 140°

to 150°*it turns white, and gives off twenty per cent. thickened in the middle, the

Anat. & Zool.: One of the bones in the pelvic of water of crystallization. wing or margin very broad.

arch in vertebrated animals. It forms the posteriorish. suffrSen del Species twenty-five to thirty.

and inferior part of the os innominatum, and i-sa-to-sûl-phür-ic, a. Isatis.

bounds the obturator foramen in the lower half of 1. An adjectival suflix, representing A.S.-isc. 1/8C. (Eng. isat(is); o connective its extent.

Dan, -isk, Ger, -isch, Fr. -esque=partaking of the and Eng. sulphuric.] (See the compound.)

nature of, as fool, foolish, Dane, Danish, &c. Suf.

tisch-no-pho-ni-a, 8. [Gr. ischnophonia = (see fixed to adjectives, it lessens the signification, as isatosulphuric-acid, a.

def.), ischnophonos = thin-voiced; ischnos = dry, white, whitish = somewhat white: sweet, sweetish= Chem.: CH NO2 S03. Prepared by boiling in- withered, meager, and phönėra sound, a tone.]

rather sweet. digo-carmine with sulphuric acid, and decolorizing Pathology:

2. As a verbal suffix it is derived from the Latin by means of acid chromate of potassium. On adding 1. Thinness of voice.

inchoative suffix -esc, as in fioresco=to begin to bitrate of potassium to the hot filtered solution, 2. Stuttering.

flower or flourish, from floreo=to flourish. It is potassium isatosulphate is deposited in the form

Is-chu-rēt:-ic, a.& . [Lat, ischur(ia); English generaly found in verbs which have come through of a brownish-yellow sandy powder. By dissolving

the French, and which retain the influence of that this powder in hot baryta water, and decomposing sun: etic.]

suffix in some of their tenses, as finir, finissant, Eng. the barium salt formed, with an equivalent quantity Pharmacy: atosulphuric acid is obtained A. As adj.: Having the quality of mitigating or

finish; punir, punissant, Eng. punish, &c.

Ysh ische corruption of ice lo in the free state. It is a strong acid, separat removing ischuria.

l ing even some of the mineral acids from their salts. B. As subst.: A medicine fitted to mitigate or re

sue; liberty or right of going in and out.

T'Ish and entry: When evaporated in vacuo, it yields a yellow, silky, move iscburia.

Scots Law: A term in a charter implying a right crystalline mass, which does not alter on exposure

s-chür-1-a, is-chu-ry.

a-chu-rv (Lat from Greek to all ways and passages, in so far as they may be to the air. It is soluble in water, slightly soluble in alcohol, but insoluble in ether and in benzene. It ischouria: ischõ=to hold or curb, and ouron=urine necessary to kirk and market, through the adjacent forms two classes of salts, monobasic and dibasic, Pathol.: Suppression of urine occurs sometimes grounds of the grantor, who is by the clause laid the former of which are very stable compounds, re- in teething, in hysteria, or some morbid condi. under that burden. taining their water of crystallization till heated tions of the blood, and is accompanied with pain, Ish-ma-el-ite s. (From Ishmael, Heb. Ishmael; above 100°.

often severe. Less complete suppression is called Sept. Ismaēl; suff. -ite.] is-a-trop'-ic, a. (Eng., &c., is (atis), and atropic.) ronic retention of urine, and the local sufferings are more

I. Literally: severe. (See the compound.)

1. A descendant of Ishmael (Gen. xvi. 12). isatropic-acid, s. is-chỉ-o-dės, s. [ISCHIODUS.)

2. An Ismaelian (q. v.) Chem.: An acid isomeric with cinnamic acid, Is-chýp'-tēr-ŭs, 8. [Gr. ischys=strength, and II. Fig.: One resembling Ishmael, whose hand obtained together with atropic acid by heating pteron=a wing, a fin; Lat. termination -Us. Named was against every man and every man's hand tropic acid with hydrochloric acid. It crystallizes from the size and strength of the fini

against him; one at war against society. in this rhombic plates, which are slightly soluble Palæont.: A genus of fossil fishes found in the Ish'-ma-el-it Ysh, a. (Eng. Ishmaelitle): -ish. I in water. It melts at 200", and is not oxidized by Trias of North America.

Like Ishmael ; like an Ishmaelite. chromic acid.

Is-chyr-o-my-i-dæ (yr as ir), 8. pl. [Mod. i -si-ăc, a. (Lat. Isiacus.] Of or pertaining to i-sa-týde, s. (Eng. isat(ine); suff. -yde (Chem.) Lat. ischyromys (q. v.); Lat. fem. pl. adj. suff. Isis.“ (9.v.).

-idæ.] Chem.: CH2N204. A white crystalline powder Palæont.: A family of Rodentia containing only

Isiac-table, s. A spurious Egyptian monument,

consisting of a plate of copper bearing a representproduced by the action of nascent hydrogen, evolved one species of Ischyromys (q. v.).

ation of most of the Egyptian deities with Isis in from zinc and hydrochloric acid, on işatıne. 1 18 Is-chyr--měs (yr as ir), s. [Gr. ischyros= the center, said to have been found by a soldier at insoluble in water, but slightly soluble in boiling

strong, and mys=a mouse.] alcohol and ether, from which it separates, on cool. 54

the siege of Rome, in 1525.

Palæont.: The typical genus of the family Ischyri-sid-i-næ, 8. pl. [Lat. Isis (genit. Isidis), from ing, in microscopic scales. It softens when heated,

omyidæ (q.v.). It is known only by a North Ameri- or

n only by a changing to a violet brown; at a higher tempera

orth Ameri. Gr. Isis.1 TISIS.

can fossil rodent, Ischyromys typus, described by ture it suffers partial decomposition. Isatyde bears

Zool. & Palæont.: A sub-family of Gorgonidæ. Dr. Leidy from remains found by Dr. Hayden in the same relation to isatin that indigo-white bears

The axis is flexible, horny, and only partly calca

Miocene deposits in the "Bad Lands" of Wyoming
to indigo-blue.
It resembles the Musk Rat, but has closer affinity

reous. sisch. v. i. 10. Fr. issir, from Lat. exeo, from ex- to the Squirrels, and certain resemblances to the

i-sid-1-ăm (pl. 1-sid-1-a), 8. [London and =out, and eo=to go.] To issue; to come or go out. Beavers.

Paxton derive it from Gr. isos=equal, in allusion

to the small difference existing between the podetia Is-chae'-mi-a, 8. [Mod. Lat., from Gr. ischaimosi'şe, phr. [See def.] Scotch and Yorkshire for

and the substance of the frond. May it not be from =staunching blood; ischo=to hold, check, or curb, “I shall."

Isis, Isidis, and Gr. eidos=form?] and haima=blood.)

"Never fear, I'se be caution for them-I'se gie you 1. A genus (7) of Crustaceous Lichens, Isidium Pathol.: This affection of the discs of the eye is personal warrandice."-Scott: Waverley, ch. lxvi. caused by distension of the ophthalmic veins, as in

westringil, is used in dyeing. (Lindley, &c.) :

2. A corolla-like elevation of the thallus of a meningitis and bydrocephalus; if extreme; the, 1-ser-140, 1-ser-ite, 8. [So named from having

8 lichen bearing a globule at its end. (Treas. of Bot.) optic nerves suffer considerable destruction, and been found near the river Iser (the “Iser rolling become atrophied. This condition is described by rapidly” of Campbell's "Hohenlinden"), and suffs. 1-sid-oid, a... [Lat. Isis (genit. Isidis), and Gr.

-ine, -ite (Min.) (q. v.).]. Von Graefe as "obstruction at the cavernous sinus, ine: ue (

eidos=form (7).] n.) 19 Y!!:)

Min.: Isometric titanic iron, in the form of iron Botany (of a lichen): Covered with isidia (ISIDwith concurrent action of the sclerotic ring."

sand. Color, iron-black passing into brownish- IUM, 2.] Is-chi-ád-ic, Is-chi-d'-ick, a. (Greek ischion, black. Composition: Titanic acid, 13-20-57.19; 1-sin-glass, s. (Corrupted from Eng. icing, and ischiadikos; Fr. ischiadique.) In anatomy, an epi sesquioxide of iron, 15-67-63-00; protoxide of iron, glass, i. e., iceglass.) thet applied to the crural vein; in pathology, the 17.79-31.10; magnesia, 1.94-8.62. ischiadick passion is the gout in the hip, or the

i-sēr-īte, s. [ISERINE.]

I. Ordinary Language: sciatica. (Harris.)

1. The dried swimming bladder of various species 1g-chi-g'rra, s. Gr. ischion=the hip joint, and 1-sēr'-ti-a, 8. [Named after P. E. Isert, a Ger- of Acipenser prepared and cut into fine shreds. It agra-hunting, catching, seizure.). man surgeon in the Danish service at Accra.]

consists of a gelatinous tissue, which on boiling Path. : Gout situated in the hip joint; sciatica. Bot.: The typical genus of the family Isertidæ yields gelatine. is-chi-al, a. (Mod. Lat. ischi(um) (q.v.); Eng. Scarlet flowers, from Central America.

(q. v.). It consists of shrubs or small trees with 2. A popular name for sheets of transparent mica. suff. -al.

II. Phar.: A solution of gelatine figures among Anat. & Path.: Of or belonging to the ischium or i-sēr'-ti-dæ, 8. pl. [Mod. Lat. isert(a); Lat. officinal preparations. hip joint; ischiadic, ischiatic. fem. pl. adj. suff. -idæ.]

isinglass-stone, s. [ISINGLASS, 1.2.] is-chi-ăl-gi-a, 8. [Gr. ischion = the hip joint, Bot.: A family of Cinchonacex, tribe Cinchonere.

loneæ. I'-sis, s. (Lat. Isis; Gr. Isis=(1) the Egyptian and algos = pain.

is-ē-thi-on-ic, a. [Eng., &c., is(atis); ethion(e), goddess of fecundity and sister of Osiris, (2) a Path: Pain in the hip joint. and suff. -ic.]

planet or coral.] boibor: pout, Jówl; cat, çell, chorus, chin, bench; go, gem; thin, this; sin, aş; expect, Xenophon, exist. ph = f.

obtained togeth hydrochloric acre slightly solubb

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