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Invincible

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Brady, who had been convicted of actual perpe. *in-vişed, a. (Lat. invisus, from in-=not, and in-vit-ér, 8. [English invit(e); -er.] One who tration of the murder of Mr. Burke, was executed, visus, pa. par. of video=to see.] Unseen; invisible. invites. as were others subsequently. The leading witness,

“Friend with friend, the inviter and the guest." whư revealed all the secrets of his fellow conspira“The diamond; why'twas beautiful and hard,

Harte: Epistle from Boetius to his Wife. Whereto his invised properties did tend." tors, was one James Carey, a member of the com

Shakesp.: Lover's Complaint, 212. in-vit-Ing, pr. par., a.& 8. [INVITE, v.] mon council of Dublin. He was shot dead in a steamboat near Natal, on July 29, by an Irishman, A-vi-1-bil-1-ty, S. (Fr invisibilite, Irom in A. A8 pr. par.: (See the ver O'Donnell, who was subsequently brought to Eng: visible=invisible (q.v.); Span, invisibilidad; Ital. B. As adjective: land, tried, and executed for his crime in December, invisibilità..

1. Calling, summoning, bidding courteously.

1. The quality or state of being invisible; incapa1883.

“The king of the country where her husband was had Invincible Armada, 8. [ARMADA.] bility of being seen, or perceived by the sight.

e sent an inviting letter to come thither."-Bunyan, Pile in-vin'-ci-ble-ness, s.

“Around the ideas of religion she throws the ideas of (Eng, invincible; -ness.] invisibility." - Wallace: Kant, p. 189.

grim's Progress, pt. ii. The quality or state of being invincible; uncon- *2. That which is invisible.

2. Tempting, alluring, seductive, attractive; as an querableness, insuperableness.

inviting prospect. în-vin'-c1-bly, adv. English invincibíle): lv.) in-viş:-1-ble, a. &s. (Fr., from Lat. invisibilis,

C. As subst.: Invitation. In an invincible manner or degree; insuperably,

from in-=not, and visibilis = visible (q. v.); Sp. unconquerably.

"In drinking one to another and mutual invitings." invisible; Ital. invisibile.]

P. Holland: Plutarch, p. 558. “And as ye have received, so have ye done

A. As adj.: Not visible; incapable of being seen;
Invincibly."
Milton: P. L., vi. 806. not perceptible by the sight.

În-vit-ing-ly, adv. [Eng. inviting: -ly.] In an

inviting manner; attractively; so as to invite ur in-vi-Ó-la-bil-1-tý, s. [Eng. inviolable; -ity.]

I cannot saine, if that it be possible

allure. The quality or state of being inviolable.

But Venus had him maked invisible
Thus saieth the booke."

"If he can but dress up a temptation to look invitingli. in-vi-6-la-ble, a. (Fr., from Lat. inviolabilis,

Chaucer: Of Dido Queene of Carthage.

the business is done."---Decay of Piety. from in-=not, and violabilis=that may be violated; violo=to violate; Sp. inviolable; Ital. inviolabile.]

B. As substantive:

in-vit-ing-něss, 8. [Eng. inviting ; -ness.] The 1. Not to be profaned, injured, polluted, or treated 1. Ordinary Language:

quality or state of being inviting; attractiveness. with irreverence.

1. God; the Supreme Being.

“An aptitude and invitingness.”Bp. Taylor: Artificial 2. Not to be broken; as, a promise, a treaty, a

Handsomeness, p. 165.

“Our father contract, &c. 3. Not to be injured, tarnished, or defamed.

în-vit-ri-fi-a-ble, a. (Pref. in. (2), and Eng. Adores the Invisible only."-Byron: Cain, i. 1. *2. A Rosicrucian, as not daring publicly to de- being vitrified."

vitrifiable (q. v.).] 4. Not susceptible of hurt or injury.

Not vitrifiable; incapable of “He tried a third, a tough well-chosen spear,

clare himself. The inviolable body stood sincere." II. Ch. Hist. (pl.): Heretics who denied the visi

i. In-vo-cāte, v. t. (Lat. invocatus, pa. par. of Dryden: Ovid; Metamorphoses xii. bility of the Church: followers of Osiander, Flac

· invoco=to invoke (q. v.).) To invoke, to call upon;

to address in prayer 5. Not to be broken; unbreakable.

cius, Illyricus, and Swenkfeld. (Shipley.) “Their Almighty Maker first ordained,

"Henry the Fifth! thy ghost I invocate." invisible-bird, s. And bound them with inviolable bands."

Shakesp.: Henry VI., Pt. I., i. 1. Spenser: F. Q., IV. x. 35. 200l.: A small singing bird, a native of St. Vin

In-vo-cā'-tion, 8. [Fr., from Lat. invocationem, In-vi-6-la-ble-něss, s. [Eng, inviolable: -ness.] cent Island, British West Indies

accus. of invocatio=a calling upon, from invocatus, The quality or state of being inviolable; inviola invisible-green, s. A very dark shade of green, pa. par. of invoco=to invoke (q v.);Sp. invocacion ; bility. so dark that it is often mistaken for black.

Ital, invocazione. ] in-vi-O-la-blý, adv. [Eng. inviolab(le); -ly.] In-vis:-Y-ble-něss, s. [English invisible; -ness.] I. Ordinary Language: In an inviolable manner; without profanation, The quality or state of being invisible; invisi- 1. The act of invoking or calling upon in prayer. breach, failure, or violation. bility.

2. The act of invoking or calling for the presence The path prescrib'd, inviolably kept, in-viş:-1-bly, adv. (Eng, invisib(le); -ly.] In an

or assistance of any being, particularly of some Upbraids the lawless sallies of mankind."

dit Young: Night Thoughts, ix. 1,111. invisible manner; imperceptibly to the sight.

"Let us proceed upon in-vī'-o-la-c8,8 [Eng. inviola(te); -cy.] The "Invisibly the fairy came.”—Gay: Fables, 3.

Our invocation."-Byron: Heaven and Earth, i. 1. quality or state of being inviolate; inviolability. *in-vi-sion, s. Pref. in. (2), and English vision *II. Law: A judicial call, domand, or order; as, In-vi-O-late, a. (Lat. inviolatus, from in-=not, (q. v.).] Want or absence of vision or of the power the

won the invocation of papers into court. and violatus, pa. par, of violo=to violate; Fr. in- or seeing.

Invocation of Saints: violé; Ital. inviolato; Sp. inviolado.) Not violated

1. Roman Theology, dc.: The authoritative stateor profaned; unhurt, uninjured, unbroken.

În-vi-tā'-tion, s. (Fr., from Lat. invitationem, ment of Roman doctrine on this subject is found in In-vi--lat-ěd. a.

accus. of invitatio, from invitatus, pa. par. of invito a decree of the Council of Trent (sess. 25, held Dec. Pref. in. (2), and Eng. vio- =to invite (a.v.); Sp. invitacion.)

3 and 4, 1563), which ordains that "all bishops and lated (g.v.).) Inviolated, unbroken, unprofaned.

1. The act of iny ng, or soliciting a person's others having the duty of teaching" should instruct “For your honor to kepe your promyse sincerly in company at an entertainment, visit, ceremony, &c. the faithful: utolated, and faithfully obserued." - Hall: Henry 11. 2. The words or document in which a person is (an, 8). invited.

“That the saints reigning with Christ offer their in-vi-6-late-1ỹ, *in-vi-o-late-lye, adv. [Eng.

prayers to God for men; that it is good and useful to in

“He received a list, and invitations were sent to all voke them, and to have recourse to their prayers, succour, inviolate; -ly.) In an inviolate manner; without whose names were in it."- London Daily Telegraph,

and assistance to obtain benefits from God through his violation; so as not to be violated.

*3. Allurement, enticement.

Son Jesus Christ, our Lord, who alone is our Redeemer "All other things, which depend upon the eternal and

and Savior." immutable laws and rights of nature, remaining in

“To which there are greater invitations, greater mo

Here two propositions are laid down in the plainest violately the same under both covenants, and as un. tives." --Sharp: Sermons, vol. i., ser. 15. changed as nature itself."-South: Sermons, vol. x., ser. 6. În-vit'-a-tõr-, a.& 8.

possible manner: (1) That the saints do intercede (Lat. invitatorius, from

for men ; (2) the utility of asking such intercession. în-vi-o late-něss, s. (English inviolate; -ness.] invitatus, pa. par. of invito=to invite.]

Theologians allege Scripture and tradition in supThe quality or state of being inviolate; inviolacy. A. As adj.: Containing or using invitation.

port of the doctrine and practice (cf. Jer. xv.1: tin-vi-oŭs, a. (Lat. invius, from in-=not, and

Luke xv. 7; Rev. v. 8, vi. 9-11, viii. 3). The chief

B. As substantive: via=a way, a road.] Impassable, untrodden.

argument is from analogy; the oneness of the "And Virtue in rious ways can prove."

Eccles.: The invitatory psalm, Venite, ersultemus mystic Body of Christ (1 Cor. xii. 12); the duty of

ah 43
Butler: Hudibras, pt. i.. ch. iii. Domino (xciv. in Vulg., xcv. in A.V.) rec

Domino (xciv. in Vulg.. xcv. in A. V.) recited at the mutual prayer, and the efficacy of the prayers of tin-vi-ońs-něss, 8. [Eng. invious; -ness.] The

The beginning of matins in the Roman Church, on all the just on earth (James v. 15-18); and the value quality or state of being invious or impassable.

days except the Epiphany, when it forms part of which St. Paul set on the prayers of his fellow

the third nocturn, and the last three days of Holy Christians (Eph. vi. 18, 19; Col. iv. 3, 4; 2 Thess. iii. "What is called inviousness and emptiness, where

Week. Possibly a relic of the old Roman practice 1). But on the other hand cf. 1 Tim. ii. 5. It should all is dark and un passable, as perviousness is the contrary."Ward: Transl. of More's Prefuce to his Philos. of omitting the psalm on ferias.

be noted that the saints are asked to intercede for Works (1770).

in-vite'. v. t. & i. Fr. inviter, from Lat. invito= men, and not to bestow of their own power either In-vi-rile, a. (Pref, in- (2), and English virile to ask, to invite; Sp. invitar; Ital. invitare.]

temporal or spiritual blessings. Inscriptions in

the Catacombs show that the practice was common (q. v.).] Deficient in manhood; unmanly; effemi- A. Transitive:

in the Early Church, and mention of it is made by nate.

1. To allure, to attract, to entice, to present allure. St. Gregory Nazianzen (Orat. xxiv.), St. Basil (Orat. In-vi-ril-1-tý, s. [Prefix in. (2), and English ments or temptations to; to tempt to come.

xliv.), St. Gregory Nyssen (Orat. in S. Theod.), St. virility (q. v.).) Want or absence of manhood; "God invited men onto the following of himselfe."'_ Ambrose (De V'id., cap. xi. n. 55), and St. Augustine loss or want of manliness or manly character; Sir T. More: Workes. p. 1.205.

(Serm. 324; cont. Faust. xx. 21). The devotion of effeminacy. "The invirility of Nero, Heliogabalus or Sardanapalu

2. To ask, to bid, to summon: to ask or bid to an the Church is chiefly toward the saints who died

after Christ. To the Maccabees alone is a feast those monsters, if not shames of men and nature." - entertainment, visit, &c.; to solicit the company of.

celebrated in the whole Latin Church. (The texts Prynne: 1 Histrio-Vastix, v. 3.

"When such company is inrited, then be as sparing as

are from the A. V.; the Fathers from Migne.) Pin-vis-cāte. et. Lat. inviscatus. pa. par. of possible of your coals." -Swift: Directions to Servants.

2. Anglican Theologu, &c.: There were very many inirisco=to daub with bird-lime: in-=in, on, and B. Intrans.: To give invitation, to attract, to reasons why, when the Articies of Religion were viscum=mistletoe, bird-lime; Sp. & Port. enviscar; allure, to call.

" ratified and confirmed," the separation between Ital. inviscare.] [VISCID.) To daub or besmear

“He that invites will not the invited mock."

the Reformed and Roman Churches should be made with glutinous or viscid matter; to catch or in

Waller: Of the Fear of God, i. 7. as marked as possible, and the twenty-second of the volve ip glutinous matter.

In-vite', 8. [INVITE, v.] An invitation. (Slang.)

Thirty-nine Articles strongly condemns the invoca*in-vis -çēr-āte, v. t. [INVISCERATE, a.] To

tion of saints. The Liturgy is less unfavorable to

"Guest after guest arrived; the invites had been excel- the doctrine. In the canticle Benedicite, omnia implant or root deeply. lently arranged."-Dickens: Sketches by Boz; Steam Excur.

opera, from the apocryphal portion of Daniel, the *In-vis'-çēr-ate, a. (Lat. invisceratus, pa. par. sion.

"Angels of the Lord” (Dan. iii. 58 in the Vulg.) and of inviscero-to put deep into the entrails: in-=in, "in-vite'-ment, 8. [Eng. invite; -ment.] The act the Spirits and Souls of the Righteons" li.86) into, and riscus (pl. viscera)=the intestines, the of inviting ; invitation.

are called upon to "bless the Lord,"to" praise Him entrails; Ital. inviscerare.] Implanted or rooted "By counsel and moral invitements."-Bishop Taylor: and magnify Him for ever." Here there seems to deeply. Great Esemplar, pt. iii., dis. 17.

be an admission that angels and the departed just fāte, făt, färe, amidst, whãt, fâli, father; wë, wět, hëre, camel, hēr, there; pīne, pit, sïre, sir, marine; gö, pot,

invocatory

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hear the invocations of, though there is no declara. In-vol-ŭn-tar-ý, a. [Lat. involuntarius : in-= 9. To place in a position or state; to include. tion as to their intercession for, members of the not, and voluntarius=voluntary.]

"Involving all the contending parties in the same do Church militant. The practice, as a private devo- 1. Not acting according to will or choice; unwill struction." -Burke: A Vindication of Natural Society. tion, was known in Caroline days, and lingers, in a ing. de based form, in country districts, in the rhyme:

“The gath'ring number, as it moves along,

10. To make complicated or intricate.

“ Syllogism is of necessary use, even to the lovers of “Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John,

Involves a vast involuntary throng."

Pope: Dunciad, iv. 82. truth, to show them the fallacies that are often concealed Guard the bed that I lie on," &c. 2. Not proceeding from choice; not done willingly;

in florid, witty, or involved discourses."-Locke. With the Oxford Movement the doctrine of the In.

opposed to the will not spontaneous: as, involun. II. Arilh vocation of Saints came to the front. Keble (Vis.

Alg.: To raise a number to any given itation of the Sick) wrote: tary obedience or submission.

power by involution. 3. Independent of will or choice.

| For the difference between to involve and to "O soothe us, haunt us, night and day,

"It is found by experience, that all the voluntary and implicate, see IMPLICATE. Ye gentle spirits far away, With whom we shared the cup of grace,

involuntary motions of the body are performed by their in-võlved'. pa. par. or a. SINVOLVE.1 In finan

the nerves] means."-Reid: Intellectual Powers, ess. 2, cial difficulties: as, He is very much involved. Then parted; ye to Christ's embrace."

ch. ii. in-vo-cā-tor-ý, a. [English invocat(e); -ory.] in'-V late in-vola-tive. a. & s. (Lat. invo- in-volv-ed-ness, 8. (Eng. involved; -ness.] The Making invocation; containing invocation; invok lutus, pa. par. of involvo=to roll in, or on : in-=in,

in sin, quality or state of being involved. ing. and volvo= to roll.]

“As for the supposal this mistake is built on (the inIn-voice, s. [A corrupt. of envois, an English A. As adjective:

rolvedness of all men in the guilt of swearing), it is as

weak as it is uncharitable."--Boyle: Works, vi. 5. r. envoi=a sendins, from envoyer=to I. Ordinary Language:

I Ordinary Lanau send.]

în-võlve-měnt, s. (Eng. involve; -ment.] The Com.: A statement on paper concerning goods 1. Lit.: Rolled up, folded, rolled inward.

act of involving; the state of being involved. sent to a customer for sale or on approval. It usu. 2. Fig.: Involved.

*In-văl-gar, v. t. (Pref. in. (1), and Eng. vulgar ally contains the price of the goods sent, the quan II. Technically:

(q. v.).] To cause to become or appear vulgar or tity, and the charges upon them made to the 1. Botany: consignee. Any other details respecting which it (1) Rolled inward.

common; to vulgarize. is important for the consignee to be informed are

Of vernation): Having the edges rolled in

“The opened and invulgared mysteries." added, and in these respects it differs from a trade ward spirally on each side, as the leaf of the apple.

Daniel: Musophilus. bill or definite account.

(3) A name proposed for the embyro of mono- *In-văl-gar, a. (Pref. in. (2), and Eng. vulgar • In-voice, v. t. [INVOICE, 8.] To write or enter cotyledons.

(q. v.).] Not vulgar, not common, refined, elegant. in an invoice. 2. Zool.: Having its margin turned inward, as in "*

"The sad parents this lost infant owed, the genus Cypræa.

Were as invulgar as their fruit was fair."
In-vöke', v. t. [Fr. inroquer, from Lat. invocor
B. As substantive:

Drayton: Moses, bk, i. to call upon : in-=on, upon, and voco=to call; Sy invocar; Ital. invocare.)

Geom.: If a thread be tightly wrapped about a in-vůl-nēr-a-bil-1-tỹ, 8. [Pref. in- (2), and 1. To call upon or address in praver: to solicit in given curve, and then unwrapped, being kept Eng. vulnerability (q. V.).) The quality or state of prayer for assistance and protection; to invocate. stretched, each point of it will generate a curve, being invulnerable.

called an involute of the given curve. The given “While I invoke the Lord, whose power shall me defend."

In-vůl'-nēr-a-ble, a. (Fr., from Lat. invulner. curve, with respect to any of its involutes, is called Surrey: Psalm lxxiii.

an evolute.Any given curve has an infinite num- abilis, from in-=not, and vulnerabilis=vulnerable 2. To call for solemnly or with earnestness.

ber of involutes, and in order to fix the position of (q. V.); Sp. invulnerable; Ital. invulnerabile.] "Cheerful hope, so oft invoked in vain."

any one of them, it is necessary to know not only 1. Not vulnerable; incapable of being wounded Collins: Verses with a piece of Bride-cake, the evolute, but also one point of the involute.

Of or receiving injury: 3. To call on in attestation; as, to invoke the În-vo-lut-ěd, a. (Lat. involutus.] The same

2. Unassailable; that cannot be attacked or

le moved. name of the Deity.

as INVOLUTE (q. v.). *4. To call for judicially; to order; as, to invoke

“Prompt to assail, and careless of defence, In-VÔ-lù -tion, s. [Fr., from Lat. involutionem,

Inrulnerable in his impudence, documents into court. acc. of involutio, from involutus, pa. par of in

He dares the world." *in-vol-u-ble, a. (As if from a fictive Latin in- volvo=to roll up; Ital. involuzione.] [INVOLVE.]

Dryden: Hind and Panther, iii. 1,184. rolubilis : in-=not, and rolubilis=changeable, mu- I. Ordinary Language:

3. Unassailable; that cannot be refuted; as, The table.) Immovable, immutable (?).

1. The act of involving, infolding, or rolling up. argument is invulnerable. "Infallible, involuble, insensible."

2. The state of being involved, intangled, or im- In-vůl-nēr-a-ble-nēss, s. [Eng. invulnerable; Sylvester: Little Bartas, 161. plicated; complication.

-ness.] The quality or state of being invulnerable; in-võl-u-çěl, in-võl-4-çěl-lūm, s. [Mod. Lat., "All things are mixed, and causes blended by mutual invulnerability. dimin. of Lat. involucrum.] [INVOLUCRE.]

involutions."-Glanvill. Bot.: A partial involucre occurring in an umbel 3. That which is wrapped or folded round any.

anu. În-văl-nēr-a-biỹ, adv. (Eng. invulnerab(le); liferous plant. thing,

-ly.) In an invulnerable manner; so as to be in

capable of being wounded or injured.

4. A fold, a twist, a turning. In-vol-ul-çěl-late, a. (Mod. Lat. involucellatus,

“Such the clue

in-văl-nēr-ate, a. (Lat. invulneratus, from from involucellum.] [INYOLCCEL.]

Of Cretan Ariadne ne'er explained. Bot.: Having around it an involucel.

in-=not, and vulneratus=wounded, pa. par. of vulHooks! angles1 crooks! and inrolutions wild!"

nero=to wound; vulnus (genit.rulneris) =a wound.)

Shenstone: Economy, iii, in-vo-10-cral, a. (Eng. involucr(e); -al.]

II. Technically:

That is not or cannot be wounded; invulnerable, Bot.: Of or belonging to an involucre.

unhurt.

1. Arith. & Alg.: The operation of finding any in-võ-lu'-cra-těd, a. [Eng. involucr(e);- ated.] power of a given quantity, the multiplication of a

“Not at all on those,

. That are invulnerate and free from blows." Bot.: Covered with an involucre; having an in- number into itself any given number of times: thus the third power of 2 is found by involution, or mul.

Butler: Satire upon Marriage. volucre.

tiplication of the number by itself, and the product

wat In-wall, v. t. [Prefix in. (1), and Eng. wall In-vo-lü'-cre (cre as kēr), I n-vô-lu

. by the same number: thus 2 X 2 X 2=8. It is the (9.,:): (Lat. inrolucrum=a wrapper, a covering, a case, reverse of evolution (a.v.). The operation of in- wan.

wall. an envelope; intolvo=to roll to or upon; in-=in, volution may be directly performed by continued "Three such towns in those places with the garrisons, upon, and volvo=to roll.]

multiplication, but it is often performed by means would be so augmented as they would be able with little Botany:

of formulas, particularly by the binomial formula. to inuall themselves strongly."-Spenser: On Ireland. 1. Verticillate bracts surrounding the flowers of 2. Gram.: The insertion of one or more clauses in'-wall, 8. (INWALL, V.] An inner wall. rmbellifere and Composite. Those surrounding or members of a sentence between the agent or subthe general umbel in the former order are called ject and the verb.

Yn'-ward, a.. adv., prep. & 8. A. S. inneweard, the universal involucre, and those around the um. 3. Path.: The restoration to its normal size of

cipe of innanweard=inward, a., from innan, inne=within; bellules the partial involucre. An involucre may any part which has been abnormally developed. sunt. weard-toward, -Ward.] be caliculated, scaly, imbricated, superimposed, &c. The opposite of evolution.

A. As adjective: Linnæus calls the involucre the common calyx.

he in-võlve, v.t. [Fr. involver, from Lat. intolvo= 1. Internal, interior; being in or within. 2. The peridium, volva, or annulus of some fungals.

to roll in or up: in-= in, upon, and volvo = to roll; 2. Internal; connected with or residing in the 3. The indusium of ferns. Sp. envolver; Ital. involvere.]

mind, soul, or thoughts. 4. (Pl.): The sporangia of Equisetaceæ. I. Ordinary Language:

“With inward struggling I restrained my cries,

And drank the tears that trickled from my eyes." In-võ-la-cred (cred as kérd), in-võ-la-crāt 1. To roll up; to fold up; to entwine.

Dryden: Ovid; Heroio Ep. xi. ēd, a. Eng. involucr(e); ed.]

2. To enwrap. to envelope, to infold, to cover with

3. Intimate, familiar, domestic. surrounding matter. Bot.: Having an involucre.

“Though long before the sinking day

“All my inward friends abhorred me."-Job xix. 19. in-vô-lu-crết, 8. [Dimin. of Eng. c., into

A wondrous shade intolved them all."

4. Private, confidential. lucre.

Scott: Lay of the Last Minstrel, vi. 25. Bot.: An involucel.

“Sir, the king is a noble gentleman, and my familiar 3. To wrap up; to surround.

• for what is inward between us, let it pass." In-vo-lü -crèm, 8. (INVOLUCRE.)

4. To mix or mingle together confusedly; to con. Shakesp.: Love's In-võl-ón-tar-11-ý, adv. (Eng. involuntary;

fuse.
5. To take in, to include, to comprise.

B. As adverb: oly.) In an involuntary manner; not voluntarily;

1. Toward the internal parts: toward the interior:

"One death involves not spontaneously or of one's own choice; against

Tyrants and slaves." Thomson: Summer, 1.022. within, internally. one's will.

6. To include by rational or logical construction; "We shrink involuntarily from the remembrance of

2. Into the mind or thoughts. our task."--Idler, No. 102. "

“So much the rather thou, celestial Light. to imply; to comprise as a logical or necessary con.

Shine inward, and the mind through all her powers sequence. in-või-ăn-tar-y-něss, 8. [Eng. involuntary; 7. To connect by way of natural or necessary con

Irradiate."--Milton: P. L., iii. 62. ness.] The quality or state of being involuntary sequence.

3. In the mind or heart: mentally. “I apprehend there is not an absolute involuntariness 8. To entangle, to implicate.

4. With a curve or bend toward the center, in this engagement, but a mixt one."-Bp. Hall; Cases of “Fond worldlings there involved in vaine delight." * He stretches out his arm in sign of peace, with his Conscience, dec. i., case 8.

Stirling: Domes-day; The Fourth Houre. breast bending inward."- Dryden: Dufresnoy. boll, boy; pout, Jowl; cat, çeli, chorus, chin, bench; go, gem; thin, this; sin, aş; expect, Xenophon, exist. ph = f.

inward-duteous

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C. As prep.: Within.

in-wrought' (gh silent), a. (Pref. in. (1), and lodanisic-acid, s. Inward mine harte I feele blede."

Eng. wrought (q.v.).] Wrought or worked in among Chem.: C H 10Produced, together with hy

Romaunt of the Rose, other things; adorned with work or figures. D. As substantive:

driodate of oxanisamic acid, by the action of 1. That which is inside or within ; especially in triumph.

1-o (1), subst. (Lat.) An exclamation of joy or hydriodic acid on diazoanis-oxanisamic acid: the plural the internal parts of an animal; the

CH.N203.C,H,NO3+2HI=
I -o (2), 8. [Greek lo. In classical mythology a

(Diazoanis-oxanisamic acid) viscera.

daughter of Inachus, who founded Argos.] The prince ... to his sire assigns

C, H,NOz:HI+C8H, 103+N2.

(Hydriodate of (Iodanisio The tasteful inwards and nectareous wines." I. Astronomy:

oxanisamio acid) acid). Pope: Homer's Odyssey, xx. 325.

It forms white needles, insoluble in water, easily *2. An intimate, a familiar friend, an associate.

1. An asteroid, the 85th found. [ASTEROID.]

soluble in alcohol and in ether. The silver salt is

2. One of the satellites of Jupiter. "I was an inward of his."-Shakesp.: Measure for Meas.

a white amorphous precipitate. (Watts: Dict. ure, iii. 2.

II. Zool.: A genus of Melaniadee, with a fusiform, Chem. (1865), iii. 283.) *3. (Plural): Mental endowments; intellectual

i inflated, conical, or oval shell; the aperture with a 1-od-a-phěn-1-a-mine. s. [English iodline).

canal. A hundred species are known, all natives of aniline), phenyl: -amine.] parts; genius. “Mercurie, whom good wise inwards grace." this country.

Chem., The same as IODANILINE (q. v.). Chapman: Homer's Iliad, xx. i-od-ăç'-ě-täte, s. [Eng. iod(ine); -acetate.) Crabb thus differentiates inward, inner, inter.

1-0-dăr-gyr-īte (yr as ir), 8. (Eng. iodine), Chem.: A salt of iodacetic acid (q. v.).

and argyrite. nal and interior: Inward is used more frequently to express a state than to qualify an object; inter -od-a-çēt:-ic (or cēt as cět), a. [Eng, iodline). Min.' A soft yellow-greenish or brownish flexible

e translucent mineral, crystallizing hexagonally. nal qualifies the object: a thing is said to be turned and acetic.] (See the compound.)

Luster resinous or adamantine. Hardness, 5-5-5-71. inward which forms a part of the inside: it is said

jodacetic-acid, s.

Composition: Silver, 45*72-46-52; iodine, 53-11-54.03. to be internai as one of its characteristics: inward, as denoting the position, is indefinite: any thing

Found at Guadalajara in Spain, in Mexico, in H. On heating in the dark, an Chili, &c.

Chem.: CH2I.COOH. On heating in the dark, ani that is in in the smallest degree is invard: but that alcoholic solution of ethylic bromacetate with is properly internal which lies in the very frame potassic iodide, a brown oil, ethylic iodacetate is 1-o dă te, 8. [Eng., &c., iod(ic); -ate.] and system of the body: inner which rises in degree obtained. This, on being saponified by a solution Chem.: A salt of iodic acid. on inward, is applicable to such bodies as admit of of baric hydrate, and the resulting soap decomposed specific degrees of inclosure: so likewise interior is by sulphuric acid, gives a solution of iodacetic acid, 10date of potassium, 8. applicable to that which is capacious, and has It crystallizes in thin, colorless, rhombic plates, Chem. : KIO3. Obtained by passing chloric gas many involutions, as the interior coat of the intes, which melt at 82", and decompose at higher temper- through water in which iodine is suspened till it is tines. (Crabb: Eng. Synon.)

atures. It is very soluble in water, but does not all dissolved, then adding for every atom of iodine *inward-duteous, adj. Heartily or sincerely adi Haartily or sincerely deliquesce in air.

deliquesce in air.

The iodacetates or potassium, w
The iodacetates of potassium, a molecule of KCIO, and ordinary chlorine is lib-

oungu hu03 cm
V

c sodium, and ammonium are all very soluble, crys- erated, and on evaporation pure KIO3 is obtained duteous.

htained talline, and non-deliquescent. The barium salt is It crystallizes in small shining crystals which are inward-fits, 8. pl.

slightly soluble in water, but is precipitated by soluble in thirteen parts of water. It is poisonous. Pathol.: A name given by nurses to slight infan- alcoho). The silver salt readily decomposes in It melts at 560° and gives off oxygen, KI being tile convulsions, often occurring about four days presence of water into argentic iodide and glycollic formed. after birth. They generally arise from improper acid. The iodacetate of ethyl is an oily liquid, i-od-běn-zēne, s. [Eng. iodline), and benzene.) food.

heavier than water, and possessing an irritating in-ward-1ỹ, adv. [A. S. inweardlice.) odor.

Chem. : C&H31. Iodobenzene. An aromatic iodine

substitution compound, formed by the action of 1. In the interior or inside; internally, within.

1-od-a-çēt:-ği (or çēt as çět), s. (Eng. iod(ine), iodine and benzene, C6H6. It is necessary to add * Grieved to the soule, and groning inwardly, and acetyl.]

iodic acid to decompose the hydriodic acid which That he of women's hands so base a death should die." Chem., Acetic iodide. CH.CO.I. A liquid pro- is formed, or this would act on the CEH I, re-forming

Spenser: F.Q., V. iv. 22. duced by the action of phosphorus di-iodíde or tri. benzene. 5C6H6+4H103+41 = 5C6H31+3H20. Iod. 2. Toward the center; as, to curve inwardly.

tic acid. The product, heated benzene boils at 188°

with dilute soda solution and then rectified, yields 3. In the heart or soul; mentally, privately,

i-od-ic, a. [Eng. iodine); -ic.] secretly.

iodacetyl. It is always colored brown, owing to "I bleed inwardly for my lord.”

the presence of free iodine, and readily decomposes Chem.: Of, belonging to, or containing iodine. Shakesp.: Timon of Athens, i. 2. on exposure to light with separation of iodine. It

iodic-acid, s. *4. Intimately, closely, thoroughly, familiarly. boils at 108.

Chem.: HI03. A monobasic acid obtained by 5. To one's self; not aloud.

1-6-dal, 8. [Eng. iod (ine), and al(cohol).] boiling iodine with strong nitric acid, or by passing “He shrunk, and muttered inwardly." Wordsworth: White Doe of Rylstone, ii.

Chem.: C.HIO=C.1.0.H. An oily liquid ob- chlorine into twenty, parts of water containing

tained by adding iodine to a mixture of alcohol one part of finely-divided iodine ip suspension In-ward'-něns, 8. (Eng. inward; ness.]

and nitric acid, and purifying by agitation with 12 7:5C12+6120=10HCI+2HIO3. By evaporation the 1. The quality or state of being inward or internal. water and distillation over chloride of calcium. It iodic acid is obtained in transparent six sided

has a variable boiling point, beginning at 25° and

Sinhacinines 2. Intimacy, familiarity.

and tables, which, when heated to 170°, is converted into “You know my inwardness and love

rising gradually to 115°. When treated with a solu- the anhydride 1905. Todic acid is very soluble in Is very much unto the Prince and Claudio." tion of potash, it is converted into formic acid and water. The solution reddens litmus, and then

bleaches it. Iodic-acid is reduced by sulphurons Shakesp.: Much Ado about Nothing, iv. 1. iodoform.

acid. An aqueous solution of iodic acid is a power*3. (Pl.): The inwards, the bowels, the heart, the 1-od-a-mideş, s.pl. [Eng. iodine) and amides.] ful oxidizing agent.

Chem.: NIz or NHI2. A term applied to a number iodic-quicksilver, s. In'-wards, adv. (INWARD.) Inward; toward the of compounds, mostly of an explosive character, inside or center. produced by the action of iodine on ammonia.

Min.: The same as COCCINITE (q. v.). in-wardş, s. pl [INWARD, D. 2.]

These compounds, commonly called nitrogen iodic-silver, s.

iodides, vary in composition and properties accord. In-wēave'. v. t. [Pref. in. (1), and Eng, weave ing to

Min.: Iodargyrite (q. v.). [IODYRITE.] (q. V.). To weave in or together; to interweave. prepared by digesting iodine in excess of ammonia. 1-0-dide, 8. [Eng. iod (ine); -ide.) *In-wheēl', v. t. [Pref, in- (1), and Eng. wheel or by decomposing chloride of nitrogen with iodide

Chem.: A compound formed by the union of (q. v.).] To encircle, to involve, to infold.

of potassium. The product obtained is a brownish-
black, soft powder, which in the dry state can

iodine with an element or with a radical.
in'-wick, 8. [Pref. in. (1), and Scotch wick=a
parrow passage.) In curling, a station in which scarcely be touched without exploding.

iodide of ammonium, s. [IODAMMONIUM.] the stone stops very near the tee after passing i-od-ăm-mo-ni-ům, . [English iod(ine), and iodide of cadmium, 8. through a wick. ammonium.]

Chem.: (ai, Cdi. Formed by the direct union of *in'-wit, *in-witte. *in-wyt, 8. [Eng. in. (1). Chem.: Iodide of ammonium. NH3I. A brownish- i

i iodine of cadmium in the presence of water. An and wit.] Mind, understanding, the conscience. black liquid obtained by passing dry ammoniacal

ointment is made of it, which acts like lead iodide gas into dry iodine, 100 parts of iodine absorbing In'-with, prep. [Eng. in-, and with.) Within.

28

a

(q. v.). 85 parts of ammonia at the ordinary temperature. *in-wood', v. t. (Pref. in. (1), and Eng. wood The product has a metallic luster, smells of am. iodide of ethyl, 8. (ETHYL-IODIDE.) (q. v.).) To hide in a wood. monia and iodine, and when heated is decomposed.

iodide of iron, 8. (IRON-IODIDE.) In-work', v. t. & i. (Pref. in- (2), and Eng. work

It is very soluble in alcohol, but is resolved by

water into iodide of ammonium and di iodamide, iodide of lead, &. (LEAD-IODIDE.] (q. v.).]

2NHI=NH,I+NHI. A. Trans.: To work in or within.

iodide of nitrogen, s. [IODAMIDES.] B. Intrans.: To work, operate, or exact force lodammonium-iodide, s.

iodide of potassium, 8. (POTASSIUM-IODIDE.) within.

Chem.: NH312=(NH31)I. A compound discovered

iodide of silver, s. *In-wörn'. a. [Pref. in. (1), and English worn by Guthrie, prepared by adding powdered iodine to

Chem.: Agl. Argentic iodide. It occurs as a a saturated solution of nitrate or carbonate of am (q. v.).] Worn, wrought, or worked into

monium mixed with potash. It is a brownish-black mineral. When argentic nitrate is added to a sol. În-wove', in-wov-en, pa. par.or a. [INWEAVE.] liquid soluble in alcohol, ether, chloroform, and up

ublo iodide, a light yellow precipitate is formed. in-wrăp', v. t. [Pref. in. (1), and Eng. wrap bisulphide of carbon, but is decomposed by water, which is insoluble in ammonia. Iodide of silver is (q.v.).)

evolving nitrogen gas, and yielding a di-iodamide very sensitive to the action of sunlight, and is 1. To wrap up; to cover by wrapping; to infold. which explodes spontaneously under water.

therefore used in photography. *2. To involve, to include.

ne. 8. 1
e), and aniline.]

iodide of sulphur, s.
*3. To involve in doubt or perplexity; to perplex.
Chem.: CHI NH2. Prepared by the reduction

Chem.: S212. A dark gray crystalline mass, re(Bacon.) In-wrēathe', v. t. [Pref. in. (1), and English of iodonitro-benzene, or by the action of iodine on sembling native antimony sulphide, prepared by

heating a mixture of sulphur and iodine. It is in. wreathe (q. v.). To surround or encircle as with a aniline. It crystallizes in brilliant laminee, and

soluble in water, gives off iodine when exposed to melts at 25°. Synonymous with lodaphenylamine. the air, and is rapidly decomposed when exposed wreath, or anything resembling a wreath. “ Bind their resplendent locks inrereathed with beams." 1-od-an-is-ic, a.. [Eng. iodine); anis(e oil), to a high temperature. It is a powerful remedy in Milton: P. L., iii. 361. and suff. -ic.] (See the compound.)

skin diseases. fate, făt, färe, amidst, whãt, fâll, father; wē, wět, hëre, camel, hêr, thêre; pine, pit, sire, sir, marine; gó, pot,

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iodine

2373

Ionian-school

1-o-dīne, s. [Gr.iödēs=violet-colored ; Eng. suff. On cooling the liquid, small stellate crystals of iodosalicylic acids, 8. pl. ine.

iodocinnamic-acid are precipitated. The acid is Chem.: These acids are prepared by adding tinct. 1. Chem.: Iodine is a haloid monatómic element; very soluble in hot water and in alcohol.

ure of iodine, drop by drop, to a cold aqueous solu. symbol l; atomic weight 127. Obtained from the co-do-co-deine s Pref. iodo.. and English tion of barytic salicylate, CzH4Ba 03, and then ash of sea-weeds called kelp: this is treated with water, filtered and evaporated to a small bulk;

codeine (q. v.).)

precipitating with hydrochloric acid; or, by fusing potassium and sodium salts crystallize out and the

Chem. : C18H21 NOz 13. lodide of codeine. Pre- one atom of salicylic acid with two atoms of iodine, dark-brown mother liquid is then mixed with sul. pared by dissolving in a small quantity of alcohol and treating the product with a solution of potash, phuric acid and manganese dioxide, and, gently

is equal weights of iodine and codeine. On leaving which dissolves out the several iodosalicylic-acids. heated in a still, the iodine distills over and is

the mixture at rest for a few days, iodo-codeine is Mono-iodosalicylic acid, CHIO, is a white cryslected in a receiver.

deposited in the form of triangular plates, which talline mass, slightly soluble in water, but very 2HI+MnOr+H.SO=MnSo-+210+L. The iodine show a violet color by reflected light, but a fine soluble in alcohol and ether. It crystallizes from

ruby color by transmitted light. Lodo-codeine is water, acidulated with sulphuric aci , in long silky of commerce is generally impure; it may be purified in

insoluble in water and ether, but dissolves readily needles, which melt at 196. Di-iodosalicylic acid. by dissolving it in a solution of potassium iodide

in alcohol, with a reddish-brown color. It gives off C7H41203, is a white amorphous mass, insoluble in till it is saturated, adding water which precipitates in pure iodine. Iodine crystallizes in dark gray rhom. iodine when heated to 100°.

water, but slightly soluble in alcohol and ether. It

is soluble in water acidulated with sulphuric acid, bic crystals. having a metallic luster resembling i-od--form, 8. [Eng. iodine); o connect., and from whichitcrystallizes in needle-shaped crystals. graphite; specific gravity 4.95. It melts at 107° and form(yl).]

On being heated it does not melt, but at 214° is boils at 175°. Its vapor is of a deep blue color; Chem.: CHI3. Obtained by heating iodine with decomposed with separation of iodine. Tri-iodowhen less dense it has a violet color. lodine dis- alcohol mixed with sodium carbonate. Todoform salicylic acid.CHLO. This acid is very unstable. solves in 7000 parts of water: it is soluble in alcohol, crystallizes in shining yellow six-sided hexagonal decomposing during the process of formation into ether,chloroform, and in carbon disulphide. Iodine plates, which melt at 117'. It smells like saffron. stains the skin brown, and is soluble in potassium

101 carbonic anhydride and tri-iodophenol.

1-0-do-mē-cone, s. [Pref. iodo-, and Eng. me. iodide. At ordinary temperatures iodine is slightly

1-0-do-săl-phür-ic, a. [Prefix iodo-, and Eng. volatile, and has a peculiar smell. A small trace

con(in)e (q. v.).)
Chem. : CH41902. A crystalline substance ob- phuric acid

in of iodine can be detected by its giving a blue color

sulphuric (q. v.).] Composed of iodine and sul.

• phuric acid.

tained by treating pyromeconic acid with an excess to starch. The blue color is destroyed by heat but reappears on cooling. Iodine unites with other

of protochloride of iodine, and precipitating withiodosulphuric-acid, 8. elements and radicals, forming iodides. Its affinity

potash. It is insoluble in water, but soluble inChem.: H2SO31%. When a mixture of iodine and for oxygen is greater than that of chlorine, but it

alcohol and ether, from which it crystallizes in lead sulphite is distilled, and the distillate rectified has a less affinity for hydrogen, hence hydriodic

yellow hexagonal plates having an odor of saffron, over mercury, iodosulphuric-anhydride is obtained, acid is easily decomposed by chlorine. It has neither an acid nor an alkaline reaction, and and this, on being mixed with water, yields iodosul.

phuric-acid. It may also be prepared by passing 2. Phar.: Iodine is used externally in chronic Submes at 3. skin diseases and over enlarged and indurated parts 1-0-do-me-thāne, s. [Pref. iodo-, and English sulphurous acid into iodide of starch, and distilling and diseased joints to alter action or cause absorp- methane (q. v.).]

the decolorized liquid. The iodosulphates are pretion, or to kill parasites. It may be applied in the Chem. : CH 1. Methyl iodide. A colorless sweet. pared by neutralizing the acid with the correspondform of a liniment, a solution, a tincture, or an smelling 1 iquid, obtained by distilling 8 parts ing bases. Sodium 10

ing bases. Sodium iodosulphate, Na2SO312+10H20, ointment. As a vesicantthe liniment may be painted iodine. 15 parts wood-spirit. and 1 part phos. crystallizes in elongated prisms, which are slightly over the part once, or, if need be, twice or three phorus. It is almost insoluble in water, has a

soluble in water and alcohol. times. The vapor iodi (vapor of iodine) may be specific gravity 2.199, and boils at 44°-45°. Its vapor 1-od-yr-ite, 8. (Fr. iodure, and suff. -ite.] used as an inhalation in some forms of chronic bron- density, referred to hydrogen as unity, is 71°. chitis and phthisis. (Garrod.)

Min.: Dana's name for the iodargyrite of the 1-0-00-ni-tro-phē -nõlş, 8._pl. 3. Comp. Anat., cc.: A solution of iodine is use

[Pref. iodo-; British Museum Catalogue. ful for rendering very transparent objects more nitric acid); o connective, and Eng. phenol (q.V.).

citric acid); o connective, and Eng. phenol.a.v.); 1-6-lite, s. [Gr. ion=a violet, and lithos=stone.] distinct.

Chem.: Compounds formed by the action of

iodine and iodic-acid on the nitrophenols in alka- Min.: An orthorhombic transparent or translu. 1-0-dişm, s. [Eng. iodine); -ism.]

line solutions, and precipitating from these solu- cent mineral, generally blue, but in some cases Pathol.: The morbid effects produced by over- tions by hydrochloric acid. Mono-iodonitrophenol

id effects produced by over tions by hydrochloric acid. Mono-iodonitrophenol yellow or yellowish-gray on the part perpendicular dosas of iodine. They are irritation of the mucous has a golden yellow color, and crystallizes readily, to the vertical axis. Hardness, 7-75; specific grav. membranes of the nose, the frontal sinus, the eyes, but has not been further examined. Di-iodonitro ity, 2:56-2-66 ; luster vitreous. Composition : Silica, pharynx, &c., with catarrh, coryza, &c.

phenol is slightly soluble in water, but very soluble 48:11-50-65; alumina, 28*72-33 11; protoxide of iron, 1-o-dize, v. t. [Eng. iod(ine); -ize.]

in alcohol and ether, and melts at 98'. It crystal. 4:10-11:58; magnesia, 862-20:45, &c. Feeble double

lizes from a mixture of alcohol and ether in dark refraction present. Occurs in granite, gneiss, and 1. Therap.: To treat with inhalations or external

a yellow needles. Its potassium salt crystallizes in more rarely in volcanic rocks, in Bavaria, Tuscany, applications of iodine; to place under the influence

reddish needles, and its sodium salt in dark-brown Norway, Sweden, Groenland, the United States, &c. of iodine.

prisms, having a golden luster. 2. Photog.: To prepare with iodine. [IODIZED.]

In its altered state it forms many minerals, such as

Pinite, Fahlunite, &c.

1-0-do-phê'--nolş, s. pl. [Pref. iodo-, and Eng. 1-0-dized, pa. par. & a. (IODIZE.]

1 Hydrous lolite: phenol (q. v..] iodized-collodion, s. [COLLODION.] Chem.: C.H.I.OH. By the action of iodino and (3Anr

Min.: (1) A variety of Iolite; (2) Bonsdorffite;

(3) Auralite; (2) and (3)=Fahlunite (q.v.). 1-0-diz-ēr, 8. (Eng. iodiz(e); -er.] One who or iodic acid on phenol, in presence of an alkali, a that which iodizes.

mixture of three isomeric mono-iodophenols' is 1-on, i-one, 8. [Gr. ión, pr. par. of eimi=to go.) 1-0-do-, pref. [Eng. iodline), and o connective.]

obtained. When this is distilled in a current of Elect. (pl.): The substances resulting from de

DCVB.steam, first a liquid, ortho-iodophenol, passes over, o Chem.: Having iodine in its composition.

then a solid, meta-iodophenol, and lastly, at a

eri composition by electrolysis. [ANIONE, KATIONE.] iodo-bromated, adj. Impregnated with iodine higher temperature, tri-iodo-, or para-iodophenol. 1-o'-ni-an, a. &s, (Lat. Ionius, from Gr. Ionios and bromide.

The residue still contains a quantity of tri-iodopbe. =pertaining to lonia, a district of Asia Minor in lodo-bromated waters: Waters thus impregnated. nol, which, however, may be extracted by alcohol. which Ionians from Attica settled about B. C. 4050. (Used of springs.). The waters are used in scrofula, Ortho-iodophenol is a colorless, oily liquid, with a It extended from the river Hermus along the shore in many chronic skin diseases, in internal disorders, strong, disagreeable odor. It does not become of the Ægean Sea to Miletus.] and in constitutional syphilis.

solid even at -23°, and is readily decomposed by A. As adj.: Of or pertaining to Ionia or the 1-0-do-bra-cine, s. [Pref. iodo-, and Eng. bru

chlorine, or by nitric acid. Meta-iodophenol is to

15 Ionians.

almost insoluble in water, but dissolves in alcohol cine (q.v.).) Chemistry: C23H26N204I3. Iodide of brucine. Aan

and ether, from which it crystallizos in flat glisten B. As subst.: A native or inhabitant of Ionia.

ing needles. It melts at 64-66°. Para-iodophenol brown powder, very soluble in hot alcohol, obtained

Ionian-mode, s. is soluble in water, alcohol, ether, and carbon disulby triturating brucine with an excess of iodine. It phide. It crystallizes from alcohol in large six

Mus.: One of the ecclesiastical modes, commencis readily decomposed by dilute acids, giving off

sided plates, from ether in the form of needles, and ing on the note C, corresponding exactly in tonality iodine, and forming salts of brucine.

from carbon disulphide in short, thick prisms with the major diatonic scale as used in modern 1-0-do-ca ôut'-chin, 8. [Pref. iodo-, and English From its aqueous solution it is precipitated by music. (MODE.] caoutchin (q. v.).)

hydrochloric acid, as a grayish-white flocculent Ionian-school, 8. Chem.: C1H1613. A brownish-black oil produced mass. It has a faint but unpleasant odor, and when caoutchin is added to an aqueous, or alcoholic melts at 89°.

Philos. : The first school of Greek philosophy, the solution of iodine. It is insoluble in water, but1-0-do-pro-pi-on-ic, a. (Pref. iodo-; propion(e),

distinctive characteristic of which was its inquiry soluble in alcohol and ether. When distilled, it

into the constitution of the universe. Thales of ther. When astieg, 11 and suff. ic. Kirey off hydriodic acid: but when heated with an

Miletus opened the inquiry. The common notion in Chem.: Composed of iodine and propionic-acid. acid or an alkali, it is rapidly decomposed.

that he taught "the principle of all things was 1-0-do-çin'-chon-ine, s. [Pref. iodo-, and Eng.

iodopropionic-acid, s.

water," must be taken with a distinction. Water, cinchonine (q. v.).)

Chem.: C3H,10%. A monobasic acid, obtained by as the principle of Thales, was not water in any deChem.: 2CH NO'L. Prepared by triturating heating glyceric acid in syrupy solution with phos terminate form, but water instinct with vital cinchonine with about half its weight of iodine,

phorous iodide, or by heating acrylic acid aud a energy, capable of taking an infinite number of and digesting the product with alcohol. On slowly

solution of hydriodic acid to ā temperature of 120°. forms. This doctrine appears in Hesiod (Theog..

CH0+HI=CH IO. It crystallizes in large col. 133-136); and the "ariston men hydör" of Pindar evaporating the alcoholic-solution, iodo-cinchonine

orless plates, which melt at 82, and are insoluble (Olymp., i. 1), is proverbial. Thales is usually is deposited in saffron-colored plates. It is insoluble in cold water, but very soluble in boiling water,

in cold, readily in hot, water. When heated to 180° spoken of as the founder of the Ionian school; he in alcohol, and in ether. When heated, it softens, with concentrated hydriodic acid, it is converted was more--ho was the father of Greek speculation.

He prescribed no method, and those who followed but does not melt till the temperature is raised to into propionic acid.

him did not accept his answer to the question,

1-0-do-quin-ine', 8. [Pref. iodo-, and Ens. quin- What is the Beginning of all things? But the 80°. It is decomposed by acids and alkalies. 1-0-do-cin-năm'-Ic, adj. (Pref. iodo-, and Eng. ine (q.v.).)

special claim of Thales to notice lies in the fact Chem.: 2C20H24N202.12. A brown crystalline body,

that he was the first to ask the question, and the obtained by triturating quinino with iodine. cinnamic (9.v.).]

It first to attempt to establish a physical Beginning. Chem.: Composed of iodine and cinnamic acid. contains 29-0 per cent. of iodine, and possesses proplodocinnamic-acid, 8. erties exactly similar to iodocinchonine.

“The whole ordinary arrangement of the Ionian School

seems to have proceeded on the conviction that each Chem.: C.H.102. Obtained by melting cinnamic 1-0-do-să 1-1-çği'-ic, adj. [Pref. iodo-, and Eng. Sien

disciple not only contradicted his master, but also reacid with an excess of iodine, and boiling the prod. saliculi

turned to the doctrines of his master's teacher."-G. IL uct with water till all the free iodine is volatilized. Chem.: Composed of iodino and salicylic-acid. Lewes: Hist. Philos. (1867), i. 8. bol boy: pout, jowl; cat, çell, chorus, chin, bench; go, gem; thin, this; sin, aş; expect, Xenophon, exist. ph = f.

Ionic

2374

irid

ind from

The

1-on-Ic, a. (Lat. Ionicus, from Gr. Ionikos=per 1--nop'-sid-20, 8. pl. [Mod. Lat. ionopsis; Lat. I. maritima is made into a fomentation, and applied taining to lonia (q.v.).] fem. pl. adj. suff. -ido.).

to joints enlarged by scrofula. The Sweet Potato A. As adj.: Relating or pertaining to Ionia or

Bot.: A family of Orchids, tribe Vandeæ.

was formerly called 1. batatas, now it is Batatas the Ionians.

1-on-op-sis, 8. [Gr. ion=a violet, and opsis= edulis. [BATATAS.] B. As substantive: look, appearance.]

ips, s. (Greek ips = a worm that eats horn and Bot.: The typical genus of the family Ionopsidæ. wood; also one that eats vine-buds; a cynips.] Prosody:

It consists of small epiphytal orchids from tropical. Entom.: A genus of beetles, placed by Stephens 1. An Lonic foot. America.

in the family Engidæ, but now removed to Nitidu. 2. An Ionic verse or meter.

1-o'-ta, s. 1 r.] The name of the Greek letter in lidæ. They have the club of the anten Ionic-dialect, 8.

and this being frequently indicated by a dot under jointed, and the last joint of the palpi truncate. Philol.: The dialect of the Greek language spoken other letters known as iota subscript, the word has The species live on the sap of decaying trees, and in Ionia. come to mean a jot, a tittle, a very small quantity. are usually found beneath loose bark where there

is an exudation of sap. Ionic-foot, s.

i Ō Ū, 8. (See def.] An English recognized conPros.: A foot consisting of four syllables, either traction for I owe you. A paper with these lettersip'-sẽ dix'-it, phr. [Lat.= he himself said.) A two long and two short (the greater Ionic), or two

on it, followed by an amount and duly signed. It is mere assertion without proof. short and two long (the smaller Ionic).

a simple acknowledgment of indebtedness to some Ip-sis-81-ma vēr-ba, phr. [Latin.] The very

particular person. It is not a negotiable instru- words; the exact words or terms. Ionic-meter, 8. A meter consisting of Ionic feet.

ment, but, as it is an acknowledgment of a debt, Ionic-mode, s. that debt can be sued for at any time, and it is so

ip-sö făc'-tő, phr. (Lat.] By the very act or Mus.: [IONIAN-MODE.]

far equal to a promissory note payable on demand. Tact.

This form of due bill has never obtained currency. Ir-, pref. The form which the prefix in- assumes Ionic-order, s. in this country.

before words beginning with r. (IN-, pref.] Arch.: One of the five orders of architecture, the 1-0-wa, s. [Indian=Land of beauty. One of the ir-a-cúnd, a. (Lat. iracundus = angry.] Pas. distinguishing characteristic of which is the volute United States of America, nicknamed "Hawkeye sionate of the capital. Its main features are the same as State." Name is of Indian origin, and means “The *ïr-a-cũn-dr-oŭs-ly, adv. [As from an English in the Doric style; their forms, however, are ditfer- Baantifni Landno sortate UD ent. The Ionic order has more moldings, its forms French Canadian for whom hot

iracundious; -ly.) Angrily, passionately. are richer and more elegant, and, as a style, it is

Part of the Louisiana purchase: merged into Mis

to Mis: 1-rā'-dē, s. (Turk., from Arab. irada = will, de

1-ra-de, lighter and more graceful than the Doric. The ouri Territory, 1812: into Michigan, 1834: into Wis. sire.] A decree of the Sublime Porte. lighter and more cracein than the Doric. The Far 410 Low Pu

m a How sire decree of the Sublime Porte lonic column has a less diminished shaft and a consir, 1836. Iowa Territory organized July 4, 1838. I'-rāil, s. (Eng. I, and rail.] A double-headed smaller parabolic curve than the Doric. It is chan. Admitted as state 1846. Union soldiers furnished, rail with flanges on each side above and below, on peled: the flutings, which are twenty-four in num. 76.242. School system admirable, endowment lib- the foot and tread; hence like a capital I. ber, are separated by annulets, and are therefore eral. Climate: Subject to extremes. Winter severe, i-rā'-ni-an, 8. & a. narrower, but at the same time deeper, than the

[Persian Iran = Persia.] le with sharp north and west winds; summers pleasDoric, and are terminated at the top and bottom

ARYAN. ant. Temperature averages, summer 72°, winter by a final curvature. The column has a base, which,

* 23o; ranges from 10° below to 99° above zero. Rain. A. As subst.: Of or belonging to Iran; as, the as essential parts, has a molded or plain cavetto fall. 42 inches. Wheat harvest in August. Great Iranian languages. with a torus above, corn-producing state.

B. As adj.: A native of Iran. or the torus is placed

1-0-was, s. pl. above two cavetti,

Iranian languages, s. pl. The Aryan as diswhich are themselves

Ethnol.: A tribe of Indians which formerly in- tinguished from the Turanian languages. separated by several

habited the territory now included in the state of i-răs-ci-bil-1-ty, s. [Fr. irascibilité, from iras. intervening mold. Iowa.

cible=irascible (q.v.); Sp. irascibilidad; Ital. irasings. The so-called

Ip-ě-căc-y-an-ha (h silent), Ip-ě-că c'-u-an, 8. cibilità.] The quality or state of being irascible or Attic base is the form [The native Brazilian name.]

easily excited to anger; irritability. which most fre.

1. Bot.: The plants producing the drug described quently occurs, and

RICZE
under 2.

i-răs'-ci-ble, a. (Fr., from Lat. irascibilis, from consists of two tori

2. Pharmacy:

irascor=to be angry; Sp. irascible; Ital. irascibile.) separated by a ca

71 The drie root of Cephaelis ipecacuanha: a Easily excited to anger vetto, the whole hav.

cinchonaceous plant from Brazil. [CEPHAELIS.] passionate, irritable. ing a plinth as basis.

The ipecacuanha from that country is called annu- i-răs'-ci-ble-nēss, s. (English irascible; -ness.] In the capital the

lated, to distinguish it from the striated kind from Doric echinus is re

Peru.' It arrives from Rio Janeiro and elsewhere in The quality or state of being irascible; irascibility. placed either by a

contorted pieces, two to four inches long, about the i-răs'-çi-blý, adv. (Eng. irascibíle); -ly.] In cym a ornamented

size of a small quill, and knotted. The smell of an irascible, choleric, or passionate manner. with leaves, or, more

ipecacuanha is slight, but disagreeable; the taste generally, by an

bitter, aromatic, and slightly acrid. The active in.

in i-rāte', a. (Lat. iratus, pa. par. of irascor=to ovolo with a pearl

gredients reside'chiefly in the cortex. It contains be angry.] Angry, enraged. beading beneath. In.

a feeble alkaloid called ceretin. Its preparations "Mr. Jaggers suddenly became most irate."-Charles stead of the Doric

are pills, powders, lozenges, and wine. In large Dickens: Great Expectations. a bacus there occurs

doses it is an emetic; in smaller ones it is an expec îres. 10. Fr., from Lat. ira.1 Anger, passion. a cushion-like band

torant and an alterative. It is considered a specific in its place, whose

rage, wrath, keen resentment. in dysentery. “Dover's powder" is a compound ends, wound in a

powder of ipecacuanha and opium: it is diapho. ire'-fül, *ire'-füll, a. (Eng. ire : -ful(1).1 Full spiral shape and

retic and narcotic. Ipecacuanha, made into oint- of ire or anger; angry, wrathful, enraged. coiled with elastic ment, is a counter-irritant.

. ire-f1-1ỹ, adv. [Eng. ireful; -ly. In an ire force, when viewed

Ionic Column.

(2) Various other plants produce a similar drug, ful manner; with ire; angrily, wrathfully. either from in front

as, for example, all the Alsodineæ, a tribe of Vio or behind, form volutes, which on both sides con

ïre-ful-nēss, s. [Eng. ireful: -ness.] The quals lacere. So also the root of Euphorbia ipecacuanha ity or state of being ireful; ire, wrath, anger. siderably exceed the diameter of the column, and is said by Barton to be at least as good as the genualso surpass the architrave in breadth. These ine ipecacuanha.

I-rēn-arch, s. [EIRENARCH.] volutes, or scrolls, when viewed from the side, ap- The Ipecacuanha of Cayenne is Ionidium ituba; i-rē'-nē, 8. [Gr.) pear to meet in the middle, and form a wavy line that of Guiana is the root of Boerhaavia decum 1. Greek Muth.: The goddess of peace. over the echinus. The architrave consists of several bens, one of the Nyctagos; that of Venezuela is the 2. Astron. An asteroid, the fourteenth found. It faciæ, which project slightly one over the other, root of Sarcostemma glaucum, an Asclepiad; Black wa and which are separated by small hollowed mold. Peruvian or Striated Ipecacuanha is Psychotria

kwas discovered by Hind, on May 19, 1851. ings and capped by a molded band. The frieze is emetica: the False Ipecacuanha of Bourbon is i-ren'-ic, i-ren'-ic-al, a. (Gr. eirēnikos=per. undivided, either plain or with arabesques repre- Camptocarpus mauritianus: False Brazilian Ipe- taining to peace, peaceful: eirēnē=peace. Peacesenting either implements used in worship or simple cacuanha is Ionidium ipecacuanha: Undulatedful, pacific; promoting or tending to promote plants. The frieze also bears the name of the Ipecacuanha is Richardsonia scabra: White Ipe. peace. zophorus. As regards the proportions of the Ionic cacuanha is (1) Ionidium ipecacuanha, (2) Richard. 1--rěn -1-cón, s. [Greek eirēnikos.] [IRENIC.) A order, no such remarkable difference as in the sonia scabra. (3) in India, Tylophora asthmatica, proposition, scheme, or arrangement for the proDoric is perceptible in the monuments which have and the Wild Ipecacuanha of the West Indies is motion and maintenance of peace, especially in the been preserved to us. The height of the column is Asclepias curassavica, called also Bastard Ipecacu• church. [EIRENICON.) from eight and a half to nine times the lower anha. diameter; the distance between the columns aver

ïre-stone, s. (Eng. ir(on); -stone.)

*YD-Õ-crăs. 8. THIPPOCRAS.] ages about twice the diameter, while the height of

Min.: A general term for any hard rock. the entablature is not quite one-quarter that of the Ip-0-me-a, 8. [Said to be from ips (genit, ipos)

i-ri-an, a. (Eng. ir(is); -an.] column. The most perfect specimens of the Ionic =bindweed, but Liddell & Scott do not recognize order are the temples of Minerva Polias and of this sense of ips. [IPs.] They give ipsos=(1) the Anat.: Belonging to or in any way connected

with the iris. Erectheus in the Acropolis at Athens, and of For. cork tree, (2) the ivy; homoios=similar. I tuna Virilis and the Coliseum at Rome.

Bot.: A genus of Convolvulaceæ, tribe Convol. Îr-1-ar-tě-a, 8. [Named after Juan Iriarte, a

vulexe. Sepals five; corolla campanula te; stamens Spanish amateur botanist. Ionic sect or school, s. [IONIAN-SCHOOL.)

five; style single; stigma bilobed; lobes capitate; Bot.: A genus of Palms, tribe Arecede (q. v.). It 1-o-nid -1-ăm, 8. [Latinized from Greek ion=a ovary two-celled, each cell two-seeded. The spe- consists of few species, all from South America. The violet (Viola odorata), and eidos=form.)

cies, which are numerous, are found in the warmer hard outer wood of Iriartea exorrhiza, the Pashiuba Bot.: A large genus of Violaceae, tribe Violeæ, parts of both hemispheres. About a hundred are or Paxiuba palm of Brazil, is used in this country closely allied to Viola proper. The species are cultivated in gardens for their showy flowers, which

in garcerns for their snowy nowers, which for making umbrella handles. chieflï from the sub-tropical parts of America. are an ornament to trellis-work. Ipomoa tuberosa, ir-1-cism. s. (Eng. Irish: -ism.) An Irishism Ionidium parviflorum and some others are violent the Spanish Arbor-vine of Jamaica, furnishes a purgatives and emetics. They are used in the dis kind of scammony; the root of I. pandurata is em (q. v.); any Irish peculiarity of behavior. ease Elephantiasis tuberculata, and I. parviflorum, ployed in this country as jalap; 1. batatoides is the I-rid, s. (Lat. iris (genit. iridis); Gr. iris (genit. 1. poaya, and l. ituba as substitutes for ipecacu. Male Jalap of Mestitlan : 1. quamoclit is sternu. iridos)=the rainbow; the plants described under 2. anha; the last is given in South America in dysen- tatory; I. turpethum, a native of the East Indies, 1. Ord. Lang.: The circle round the pupil of the tery and gout. I. ipecacuanha is White Ipecacuanha. and I. operculata are purgative. The foliage of eye; the iris. fāte, făt, färe, amidst, whãt, fâli, father; wē, wět, hëre, camel, hēr, thêre; pine, pit, sïre, sir, marîne; gó, pot,

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