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2. (of persons): To charge with the care, custody, In-tu-Y-tive-1ğ, adv. [Eng. intuitive; -ly.) In-a:-1ě-æ, s. pl. (Lat. inul(a), and fem. pl. adj. or supervision of anything; to commit or confide 1. In an intuitive manner; by intuition.

suff. -. the charge or care of anything to. (Followed by

"For although with speech' they intuitively conceive
for h

Bot.: A sub-tribe of tubuliferous composites, rith before the thing intrusted.)

each other, yet do their apprehensions proceed through tribe Asteroidere. For the difference between to intrust and to realities." -Brorene: Vulgar Errors, bk. i., ch. xi.

în-y-lic, a. (Lat., &c., inulla); -ic.] Derived consign, see CONSIGN.

2. On bare inspection; without argument or rea- from the genus Inula (q. v.). *in-tu-ite, v.t. (Lat. intuitus, pa. par. of in- soning. tueor.) (INTUITION.) To perceive by intuition. “The truth of mathematical axioms has always been inulic-acid, 8.

"As mathematical anantities only come into existence supposed to be intuitively obvious."-Stewart: Philosophy Chem.: CH02=C HOO9- HO. A monobasic by being intuited or constructed, so the pure concepts only of Human Mind, vol.ii., ch. ii., § 1.

acid, prepared by heating inulic anhydride with exist when they are thought."-G, H, Lewes: Hist. Philos. in-tu-měs'ce, v. i. (Lat. intumesco, from in. dilute potash, and decomposing the salt formed ophy (1840), ii. 512.

(intens.), and tumesco, incept. of tumeo=to swell.] with hydrochloric acid. It crystallizes in delicato in-tü-i-tion.s. (Fr., from Lat. intuitus, pa. par. To swell; to becomo enlarged or expanded, as by needles, melting at 90%, and is sparingly. soluble in of intueor=to look in or within: in- = into, and heat.

water, but very soluble in alcohol. When heated tueor=to look; Sp. intuicion; Ital. intuizione.)

In-tu-měs'-cence, în-tu-měs-cen-cỹ, 8. (Fr. above 90°, it gives off its water, and is converted into I. Ord. Lang.: The act of looking on; a sight, a intumescence, from Lat. intumescens, pr. par. of

the anhydride. The potassium and sodium salts are view; a regard, an aim. intumesco.) [INTUMESCE.)

very soluble in water and in alcohol, but crystallize

with great difficulty. The ammonium salt is very II. Phil.: A term borrowed from Scholastic The- 1. The act, state, or process of swelling or ex

unstable, decomposing on simply evaporating the ology, where it signifies a knowledge of God super- panding, as with heat; expansion.

solution. The silver salt, C3H2jAg03, crystallizes naturally obtained, and, by consequence, superior 2. A swollen or expanded mass.

in small, brilliant scales. When inulic acid is dis. to knowledge obtained by ordinary methods. In 3. Heat of mind; excitement.

solved in absolute alcohol, and dry hydrochloric passing into the service of Philosophy the word “There is little reason for doubting but the intumes

acid gas passed into the solution, large colorless intuition has retained in some measure the idea of cence of nations would have found its vent."

rhombic crystals are formed, which melt at 140, superiority, or at least of priority. In the French Taxation no Tyranny.

decomposing and giving off hydrochloric acid. und Scotch'schools all beliefs and judgments pre- *in-tü'-mu-lāte, v. t. [Lat. in.= in, into, and This crystalline body forms salts, but they are very senting themselves spontaneously to the mind, with tumulatus, pa. par. of tumulo=to bury, to entomb; unstable. Its formula is CHOO.CI. irresistible evidence, but without the assistance of tumulussa tomb.] To bury, to inter, to inhume, to reasoning or reflection, are called intuitions, axi. entomb.

inulic-anhydride, 8. oms, first principles, principles of common sense, or *In-tū-mu-late, a. (Pref. in. (2), and Latin Chem.: C16H2002. A white crystalline substance, self-evident truths, and the recognition of these tumulatus, pa. par. of tumulo=to bury.] Not bur- obtained by distilling elecampane root with steam, intuitions is the fundamental doctrine of Intuition. ied; unburied.

pressing the crystals between blotting-paper, and alism.

*in-tūr-bid-āte, v. t. (Lat. in- (intens.), and

recrystallizing from alcohol. It is almost insoluble In the school of Kant the word intuition (An. turbidus=turbid (q. v.).) To make turbid, dark, or

in water, but very soluble in alcohol and ether. It schauung) is nearly synonymous with perception. * confused. (Coleridge.)

melts at 66', and boils at 275° with partial decom(Se extract, and for Schelling's teaching, see T

position. Intellectual Intuition.)

*in-tür-gěs'-cence, *in-tūr-ġěs'-cen-cř, subst.

i În--lin, în'--line, s. (Lat., &c., inul(a); -in, "Intuition is Beholding; considered subjectively it is & (Lat. inturgescens, pr. par, of inturgesco=to swell mental operation; objectively, it is the product of that up: in- (intens.), and turgesco, incept. of turgeo=to -ine (Chem.) (9. V.).] operation, the Beheld. Time and Space may therefore be swell.] A swelling; the act or state of swelling.

Chem.: CH1005. A soft white tasteless powder, considered as pure forms of the mental operation Be

isomeric with and similar in its properties to

În'-tũrn, 8. [Pref. in. (1), and Eng. turn, s.) A holding; or as products of that operation. In the one

starch. It is very widely distributed throughout case they are transcendental, in the other empirical

al term in wrestling, when one puts his thigh between the vegetable kingdom, being found in the roots of

te Just as we speak of Sensation in general, and of particu· those of his adversary, and lifts him up.

elecampane, dandelion, chicory, feverfew, in the lor sensation, so Kant speaks of Intuition as the general

“And with a trip i' th' inturn mawl him."

tubers of the potato, the dahlia, and the Jerusalem faculty, and of intuitions as the acts and products of that

D'Urfey: Collin's Walk

artichoke, in the seeds of the sunflower, and in faculty."-G. H. Lewes: Hist. Philosophy (1880), ii. 513. *in-tūşe', 8. (Lat. intusus, pa. par. of intundo= many other plants. It is usually prepared from Intellectual Intuition : to bruise.] A bruise, a wound.

the sliced or rasped roots of the elecampane or the Metaph.: (For def. see extract.)

in-tŭs-sós-çěpt:-ěd, a. (Latin intus-=within, dablia, by boiling with water in the presence of In both the Aloxandrian and German Schools ] the and susceptus, pa, par. of suscipio=to receive.]

sodium carbonate. The liquid obtained is cooled incapacity of Reason to solve the problems of Philosophy y Anat. (of a vessel or part, &c.): Received within

by a freezing mixture, when the inulin precipitates. is openly proclaimed: in both some higher faculty is

To obtain it pure, it is dissolved in hot water, filcalled in to solve them. Plotinus called this faculty another vessel or part.

tered, and again exposed to a freezing mixture. On Festasy Schelling called it the Intellectual Intuition. in-tūs-sūs-cēp'-tion, s. [Pref. intus-, and Eng. repeating this process three or four times, the inuThe Ecstasy was not supposed to be a faculty possessed by susception (a. )

lin is obtained perfectly white. It is insoluble in all men, and at all times; it was only possessed by the

nly possessed by the 1. Ord. Lang. The reception of one part within alcohol, slightly soluble in cold water, but very few, and by them but sometimes. The Intellectual Intui.

another. tion was not supposed to be & faculty oommon to all men;

soluble in boiling water. It dissolves in an ammo

2. Anat.: The term used when part of a tube is niacal solution of cupric oxide, the solution yieldon the contrary, it was held as the endowment only of a few of the privileged: it was the faculty for philosophiz inverted within the contiguous part. (Onwen.) The ing, after a few hours, a blue amorphous precipitate, ing."-G. H. Leres: Hist. Philosophy (1880), ii. 677.

art. operation, or process of taking dead matter insoluble in water and in ammonia, but soluble in in-tu-i-tion-al, a. [Eng. intuition; -al.) Per. into a living being. (Nicholson.)

tartaric acid. Its specific gravity is 1.319, and its taining to, derived from, or characterized by intui.

3. Pathol.: The accidental insertion or protrusion optical lævo-rotatory power[a]d=346. When heated tion; intuitive.

of an upper segment of the bowels into a lower, with water in scaled tubes at 100', or when boiled

The varieties are ileo-cæcal, iliac, jejunal, and colic. with dilute sulphuric acid, it is converted into intuitional-reason, 8.

It occurs most frequently in infancy and childhood, a sugar, which has all the properties of levulose. Phil.: (See extract.)

and in the adult death ensues in five or six days if Inulin is distinguished from starch by its giving a By Intuitional Reason I here wish to express what the the stricture 18 not removed. By drawing one por- yellow or yellowish-brown instead of a blue color Germans call Vernunft, which they distinguish from tion of a toeless long stocking into the other, a cor- with iodine; by its solubility in aqueous cupramVerstand, as Coleridge tried to make Englishmen distin. rect representation of this condition is obtained. monia, and by its inalterability under the influ. guish between Reason and Understanding. The term Inflation, practiced long ago by Hippocrates, is the ence of ferments. It appears to be a substance Reason is too deeply rooted in our language to be twisted most successful treatment.

intermediate between gums and starch. Inulin has into any new direction, and I hope by the unusual 'In

e'. v. t. [Prefix in

lately been examined by H. Kiliani. He assigns to tuitional Reason' to keep the reader's attention alive to

it the formula, C36H62031=6C6H1005+H20. the fact that by it is designated the process of the mind Eng. twine (q. V.).] engaged in transcendental inquiry."-G. H. Lewes: Hist. 1. To twine or twist together.

In-y-lõl, 8. [Lat., &c., inul(a); English, &c., Philosophy (1880), i. liv.

*2. To surround by a winding course.
3. To twine round.

(alcoh)ol(?).L In-tu-i-tion-al-işm, 8. [Eng. intuitional; -ism.)

Chem., C10H160. A yellowish liquid, having an Metaph.: The doctrine that the perception of

In-twine'-měnt, 8. [Eng. intwine; -ment.] The aromatic taste and an odor of peppermint, ob truth is from intuition. act of intwining.

tained by distilling elecampane root, Inula helenin-tu-1'-tion-al-Ist, 8. [Eng. intuitional; -ist.)

In-twist', ēn-twist', v. t. [Pref. in. (1), and ium, with steam. The white crystalline mass which An advocate or supporter of the doctrine of intui.

comes over is pressed between blotting-paper, 1. Eng. twist (q. v.).] To twist or twine together. in-u-la, 8. [Lat.=inula, probably a corruption ward recovered in a tolerably pure state by distill

which absorbs the inulol, and this may be aftertionalism. [INTUITION, II.) "By the Intuitionalists it is asserted that the tendency of helenium ; Gr. helenion=elecampane. Det

ing the paper with steam. It boils at 200°, and to form them primary beliefs is an intellectual in. ). Bot.: The typical genus of the composite sub

bwhen distilled with phosphorus pentasulphide, a

tribe Inulew (q. v.). The heads are panicled, hydrocarbon, C10H1a, is obtained, which boils at $201.

corymbose, or solitary rayed, yellow; the involucre 175 in-tu -1-tive, a. (Fr. intuitif, from Lat. intuitus, campanulate, the bracts in many series, the recep *in-ïm-brāte. . t. Lat.

*in-ŭm-brāte, v. t. [Lat. inumbratus, pa. par. pa. par. of intueor.

tacle flat, naked; the ray flowers female or neuter, [INTUITION.)

of inumbro: in-=in, into, and umbra=a shade. 1 1. Perceived or seen by the mind immediately in one series ligulate; the dark flowers tubular withont the intervention of argument or testimony;

having two sexes; the fruit terete or angled, the To shade; to cover with shade; to darken. exhibiting truth to the mind immediately on inspec- pappus in one series, scabrous. About fifty species *in-um-brä'-tion, 8. (Lat. inumbratio, from intion. are known.

umbratus, pa. par, of inumbro=to darken.] Shade, 2. Obtained or received by intuition or simple in in. 2. Pharmacy:

shadow, overshadowing. spection.

125 The dry roots of Inula racemosa, a West Him- side."-P. Holland: Plutarch, p. 956.

"The obstruction and inumbration beginneth on that “Sometimes the mind perceives the agreement or disa greement of two ideas immediately by themselves, with- alayan

alavan and Cashmere plant, have a weak aromatic out the intervention of any other; and this. I think, we odor like orris, and act as a mild tonic. They are

*in-ūnct -ěd, a. (Lat, inunctus, pa. par, of inmay call intuitive knowledge."-Locke: Human Under. used in veterinary medicine. (Watts.)

ungo=to anoint.) Anointed. standing, bk. i7., ch. ii., $ 1.

in-ūl-a-mide, s. (Lat. inul(a), and Eng. amide.] in-tic-tion, s. (Lat. inunctio, from inunctus, 3. Seeing clearly, not inerely believing.

Chem.: CH20 (OH)CO, NH,. A compound obi pa. par. of inungo=to anoint.] The act of smearing 4. Having the power of discovering truth imme- tained by passing ammoniacal gas into an alcoholic or anointing ; unction. diately without reason or argument.

solution of inulic anhydride. It crystallizes in in-ŭńc-tu-os-I-ty, 8. [Pref. in- (2), and Eng. “Whence the soul

feathery crystals, sparingly soluble in alcohol. It unctuosity (q. v.).) Want or absence of unctuosity; Reason receives, and reason is her being.

melts at 210°, undergoing decomposition, and is absence of greasiness or oiliness perceptible to the Discursive, or intuitive."- Milton: P. L., v. 488. very feebly basic.

touch. boil, boy; póut, Jówl; cat, cell, chorus, chin, bench; go, gem; thin, this; sin, aş; expect, Xenophon, exist. ph = f.

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a. (Fr. intuitif, from Lat. intuitus, tacle flat, nakod; fate the dark flowers tubular: To shade; to cover




*in-un-dant, a. (Lat. inundans, pr, par. of in- in-u-til-1-tý, s. (Fr. inutilité, from Lat. inu. invalid-bed, 8. A bed having conveniences for Fundorto flow over, to overflow: in-=in, upon, and tilitatem, accus, of inutilitas, from inutilis=use

accus of inutilitas from inutilis=use

the Sick or the wounded, havinge

the sick or the wounded, having elevating head and undara wave.] Overflowing. less. The quality or state of being useless or

shoulder portion, to give the patient a change of “Costly draughts, inundant bowls of joy." unprofitable; uselessness; unprofitableness.

position; a portion which conforms to the shape of Shenstone: Economy. "On their own opinion of their inutility."-- Burke:

the bended knees, and other conveniences for the

patient's comfort. In-ån-dā'-tæ, 8. pl. [Nom. fem. pl. of Lat. inun- Econom. Reform. datus.] [INUNDATE.]

In-ặt'-tēr-a-ble, a. [Pref, in- (2), and English invalid-chair, 8. A chair capable of assuming ven by Linnæus to the forty- utterable (o.

Incapable of being uttered or and retaining any required position from the erect eighth class of his Natural System of Botany. He included_under it the genera Hippuris, Elatine, told; unutterable; unspeakable.

to the prone. Ruppia, Typha, &c.

"They all the mind with inutterable remorse and In-va-lid', v. t. & i. (INVALID, a.]

horror." Hurd: Sermons. In-ŭn'-date, in -ón-dāte, v.t._[Lat, inundatus,

A. Transitive: 1 *in-4-ús, 8. (Lat. Inuus=another name for the pa. par. of inundo=to overflow; Fr. inonder; Ital.

1. To affect with disease or illness; to render an inondare: Sp. inundar.) rural god Pan.]

invalid. 1. Lit.: To spread over or cover with a flood; to

Zool.: An obsolete genus of Old World monkeys, overflow, to flood; to submerge, to deluge.

“Drawing the invalided stroller's arm through his."Simiadæ, destitute of a tail. It is now merged in Di

Dickens: Pickriok, ch. xlv. 2. Fig.: To fill to overflowing; to fill with over Macacus (q. v.). abundance or superfluity; to swamp.

In văc-4-8, phr. (Lat.=in what is empty.]

2. To register as an invalid ; to insert in the list

of persons unfit for military or naval duty; to give In-ón-dāte, a. [INUNDATE, v.]

1. Phys.; In a vacuum; with the air exhausted.

leave of absence from duty on account of illness or Bot. & Geog.: Flooded. (Treas. of Bot.)

2. Law:

ill health.

(1) Without object. In-ěn-dā'-tion, 8. (Lat. inundatio, from inun.

(2) Without concomitants or coherence. (Whar. B. Intrans.: To consent to be placed on the list datus, pa. par. of inundo=to overflow; Fr. inonda- ton.)

of invalids. tion; Sp. inundacion; Ital. inondazione.]

in-văde', v. t. & i. (O. Fr. invader, from Lat. in. In-văi-1-date, v. t. (Eng. invalid; -ate; Fr. I. Literally:

vado, from in-=in, into, and vado=to go; Ital. invalider; Sp. invalidar; Ital. invalidare.) To 1. The act of inundating or overflowing; the invadere; Sp. & Port. invadir.]

make invalid or not valid ; to weaken, lessen, or state of being inundated or flooded.

A. Transitive:

destroy the validity or force of; to render of no 2. An overflow of waters; a flood, a deluge.

effect or force; to overthrow. II. Fig.: An overflowing or overspreading of any

1. To go or pass into; to enter.
2. To pass into or enter with hostile intentions; is in itself of the same force, whether or not it convinces

"Argument is to be invalidated only by argument, and kind; a food.

to enter as an enemy, with intent to conquer or him by whom it is proposed."--Rambler. No. 14. "Many good towns, through that inundation of the plunder: to make an invasion into; to enter by Irish were utterly wasted."-Spenser: Present State of force.

in-vă1-1-da-tion, s. [INVALIDATE.). The state Ireland.

“Let others with insatiate thirst of rule

of invalidating or rendering invalid; the state of Hinundation-mud, s.

Invade their neighbor's lands."

being invalidated. Geol.: The same as LOESS (q. v.).

J. Philips: Blenheim, "So many invalidations of their rights."-Burke: Poro

ers of Juries. *In-ón-dēr-stănd-log, a. [Pref. in. (2), and 3. To attack, to assault. Eng. understanding (q. v.).] Wanting or void of “With dangerous expedition to invade

În-va-lid-igm, 8. [English invalid ; -ism.] The understanding

Heaven, whose high walls fear no assault, or siege, quality or state of being an invalid ; sickness, ill In-ūr-bäne', a. [Pref. in. (2), and Eng. urbane

Or ambush."

Milton: P. L., ii. 242. health. (q. v.).] Not urbane; uncivil, uncourteous, impo- 4. To intrudo or, intrench upon; to encroach on; In-va-11d-Y-ty, s. (Fr. invalidite. from Latin lite, rough. to violate; to infringe.

invaliditatem, accus. of invaliditas, from invalidus In-ũr-bāne-1ý, adv. (Eng. inurbane; -ly.) In

“The ancients thus their rules invade,

=not strong, invalid q. v.).] an uncivil, uncourteous, or rough manner; not ur

As kings dispense with laws themselves have made." 1. Want of validity, legal force, or efficacy; want banely; uncivilly.

Pope: Essay on Criticism, 161.

of cogency. In-ūr-băne'-ně88, 8. (Eng. inurbane; -ness.) B. Intrans.: To make an invasion.

"I'll show the invalidity of their objection."-Glanvill: The quality or state of being inurbane; incivility. "Where small and great, where weak and mighty made Pre-existence of Souls, ch. iv. In-Ur-băn-1-tý, s. [Pref. in. (2), and Eng. ur

To serve, not suffer, strengthen, not invade.".

Pope: Essay on Man, iii. 298. 2. Want of bodily health or strength; infirmity. banity (q. v.).] Incivility, impoliteness; rude, un.

“He ordered that none who could work should be idle; polished manners.

For the difference between to invade and to en

and that none who could not work, by age, weakness, or croach, seo ENCROACH. "Sach idle stuff... as his own servile inurbanity

invalidity, should want."--Temple. forbears not to put into the Apostle's mouth."--Milton: In-våd -ēr, s. (Eng. invad(e); -er.) One who in

In-văl-id-ně88, 8. (Eng. invalid; -ness.) Inva. Colasterion. vades, attacks, assaults, or encroaches; an assail.

lidity. In-üre', *en-ure, v. t. & i. (Pref. in. (1), and ant; an intruder. Mid. Eng. ure=work, operation, use; 0. Fr. ovre,

“Who order'd Gideon forth,

In-văl-or-oðs, a. (Pref. in. (2), and Eng. valor. ævre, wevre, eure, from Lat. opera=work.]

To storm the invader's camp."

ous (q. v.).) Wanting in courage; timid, timorous. A. Transitive:

Cowper: Olney Hymns, iv. in-văl-u-a-ble, a. (Pref. in- (intens.), and Eng.

in vå'-d1-8, phr. [Mod. Lat., from Lat. vador= valuable (à. 9.).1 Precious above estimation : so 1. To expose to use, practice, or operation until +

to bind over by bail.] In gage, in pledge. use gives little or no pain or inconvenience; to habit. "

valuable that its worth cannot be estimated; of inuate, to accustom; to make used, to harden.

In-văģ:-1-nāte, v. t. (Lat, in-=in, and vagina=

estimable value. 2. To accustom; to make accustomed. a sheath.) To sheathe; to put into a sheath.

“His friends adjnred him to take more care of a life "He ... did inure them to speak little."- North: In-văģ-I-nå-tion, s. (INVAGINATE.)

invaluable to his country."-Macaulay: Hist. Eng. ch. vii. Plutarch,

Anat. & Pathol.: The same as IntusSUSCEPTION

In-văl-u-a-blý, adv. (Eng. invaluab(le): -ly.] *3. To exercise, to practice.

In an invaluable manner or degree; above all estiiq. v.). ««The wite of the Utopians, inured and exercised in

mation ; inestimably.

in-va-lēg'-cence, s. (Lat. invalescens, pr. par. learning."-Sir T. More. Utopia.

That invaluable nracions blood of the Sonne of God.” of invalesco=to become strong: in- (intens.), and -Bp. Hall: Sermon of Thanksgiving, Jan., 1625. B. Intransitive:

valesco=to become strong, incept. of valeo=to be Law: To pass into use; to take or have effect; to strong or well.] Strength, health, force.

*In-văl-ned, a. (Pref. in. (2), and Eng. valued serve to the use or benefit of.

*In-văl-ě-tūd-In-a-rý, a. (Pref. in. (2), and

(q.v.).] Invaluable; inestimable. In-üre'-měnt, 8. [Eng. inure; -ment.] The act Eng. valetudinary (q. v.).] Wanting health; not

"Closely conveys this great invalued spoil." of inuring; the state of being inured; practice, healthy, not strong.

Drayton: Barons' Wars, vi. 15. habit, use.

In-văl-id, a.& 8. (Fr. invalide, from Lat. inval. In-vär-1-2-b1l --I-ty, 8. [Eng. invariable; -ity.] “Education being nothing else but a constant plight idus, from in-=not, and validus=strong: valeo=to

The quality or state of being invariable; invariaand inurement."-Wotton: Remains. be strong or well ; Ital. & Sp. invalido.]

bleness. In-rn'. v. t. Pref. in. (1), and English urn

"This invariability in the birds' operations."- Digby:

A. As adjective: (q. v.).) To put into a funeral urn; to bury, to in

Of Bodies, ch. xxxvii. ter, to intomb.

I. Ordinary Language:

In-vär-1-a-ble, a. & 8. (Fr.)
"The sepulchre
1. Of no force, weight, or cogency.

A. As adj.: Not variable; not subject or liable to Wherein we saw thee quietly inurned."

“But this I urge,

change; constant in the same state; unchangeable, Shakesp.: Hamlet,

Admitting motion in the heavens, to show *In-üş--tåte, a. (INUSITATION.) Unusual; out

Invalid, that which thee to doubt it moved."

unalterable. Milton: P. L., viii., 116.

" According to some invariable and certain laws.". of the common order.

Burke: On Taste. (Introd.) *In-üş-i-ta-tion, 8. (Lat. inusitatus=unused:

2. Not strong; in ill health ; delicate, ill.

In this second sense, and as a substantive, the B. As substantive : in-snot, and usitatus=used, practiced.] The qual. pronunciation is in'-va-lid.

Math.: An invariable quantity; a constant. ity or state of being disused; disuse, neglect.

II. Law: Having no force or effect; null; void. “The mamma of the male have not vanished by inusi.

invariable-function, 8. tation." --Paley: Natural Theology.

« The bishop ... did now clearly perceive how in

Math.: A function which enters an equation, and valid and insufficient it (the marriage] was."-Burnet: *In-ŭst', a. (Lat. inustus, pa. par. of inuro-to Hist. Reformation, an. 1527.

which may vary under certain circumstances, but burn in.) 'Burnt in.

which does not vary under the conditions imposed B. As substantive :

by the equation, is called the invariable of the *In-úst-ion (ion as yăn), 8. (Lat. inustio, from

1. One who is not strong in health; one who is equation. In a common differential equation which inustus, pa. par. of inuro: in. (intens.), and uro=to weak, infirm, or delicate.

holds true for all values of x and y, the only invariburn.] The act of burning in; the act of branding. *

18. 2. A soldier or sailor disabled either by sickness ables must be absolute constants; but in an equa*yn-a-tile, a. (Fr., from Lat. inutilis, from in- or wounds for active service.

tion of differences in which the value of x only snot; utilis=useful ; utor=to use.] Useless, un

Invalid is a general and patient a particular passes from one whole number to another, any profitable.

term ; a person may be an invalid without being a function which does not change value while i “To refer to heat and cold is a compendious and inutile patient; he may be a patient without being an passes from one whole number to another, may be speculation."-Bacon: Natural History. invalid.

an invariable. fāte, făt, färe, amidst, whāt, fàll, father; wē, wět, hëre, camel, hêr, thêre; pine, pit, sïre, sir, marine; go, pot,

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In-vär-1-2-ble-něss, 8. (Eng. invariable; -ness.] against a person or thing; to declaim; to utter cen. In-věn -tion, *in-ven-cion, 8. (Fr. invention, The quality or state of being invariable; constancy sorious and bitter language. (Usually followed by from Lat. inventionem, accus. of inventio=a com. of state; unchangeableness; immutability. against, but sometimes by at and on.) !

ing upon, a finding out, from inventus, pa. par. of "From the dignity of their intellect arises the invari “In regretting the depopulation of the country, I

I invenio=to find out, to invent; Sp. invencion; Ital. ableness of their wills."--Mountagu: Devout Essays, pt. inveigh against the increase of our luxuries."-Goldsmith:

: invenzione.) ii, tr. ii., $ 3. Deserted Village. (To Sir Joshua Reynolds.)

*1. The act of coming upon, meeting with, or find.

inc: as, the Invention of the Cross of St. Helena In-vär -1-a-big, adv. (Eng. invariab(le); -ly.) În-veigh -ēr (eigh as ā), s. (Eng. inveigh; -er.] 2.'The act, operation, or process of finding ont In an invariable manner; without changing or One who inveighs ; a railer.

or discovering something new, or not previously altering; constantly ; uniformly.

One of these inreighers against mercury, in seven known; discovery. " He almost inrariably took that view of the great weeks, could not cure one small herpes in the face."

“The finding out of apt matter, called otherwise invenquestions of his time which history has finally adopted." Wiseman: Surgery, bk. viii., ch. ii.

tion, is a searching out of things true or things likely.”-Macaulay: Hist. Eng., ch. xxi.

In-vēi'-gle, *ěn-või-gle, *in-vea-gle, 1. t. Wilson: Arte of Rhetorique, p. 6. In-vär-1-ançe, 8. (Fr.)

[Etym. doubtful; by some thought to bo a corrup- 3. The act of excogitating, devising, or producing Vath : The property of remaining invariabletion of Fr. aveugler=to blind, from Low Lat. aboc- mentally; excogitation. upder specific or implied conditions. (J.J. Sylves- ulus=blind, Lat. ab-=away, from, and oculus=an “Generally all stanzas are, in my opinion, but tyrants ter.)

eye. By others referred to Ital. invogliare=to give and torturers, when they make invention obey their numIn-vär-1-ant, s. (Fr.)

a desire to, to make one long for, from in-=in, voglia ber, which sometimes would otherwise scantle itself."

=a wish: Lat. volo=to wish. Puttenham, in 1587, Drayton: Barons' Wars. (Pref.) Math.: An invariable quantity; more specifically ranks this word with those which had been quite a function of the coefficients of one or more forms recently introduced into the language.]

4. The act of contriving, framing, and producing

To per- something new : as, the invention of the steam. which remains unaltered, when these undergo suade to something bad or hurtful; to entice, to engine. suitable linear transformations. (J.J. Sylvester.) seduce, to allure, to wheedle, to entrap.

5. The power or faculty of inventing or excogita. *In-vär-1ěd, a. (Pref. in. (2), and Eng. varied “A serjeant made use of me to inveigle country fellow

"A serjeant made use of me to inveigle country fellows, ting; that skill or ingenuity which is, or may be, (q. v.).] Unvaried, invariable, unchanging.

and list them in the service of the parliament."-Tatler, employed in contriving, devising, or excogitating

No. 249. in-va'-şion, s. (French, from Lat. invasionem,

anything new;thecreativo and imaginative faculty;

specifically, in art, the conception or representation accus. of invasio=a going in, from invasus, pa. par.

in-või-gle-měnt, 8. (Eng. inveigle; -ment.)

of a subject, the selection and disposition of its of inrado=to invade (q. v.); Sp. invasion; Italian 1. The act of inveigling; seduction to evil; entice- various parts, and the whole means by which the invasione.)

ment. 1. The act of invading; the act of entering into

artist seeks to portray his thoughts.

2. That which inveigles, seduces, or allures; on. the country of another with a view to conquest or ticement.

"Gifted by natnro with fertile invention, an ardent plunder: a hostile attack upon or entrance into the

temperament, and great powers of persuasion."-Macal

“Through the inveiglements of the world, and the lay: Hist. Eng., ch. xx. territory of others.

frailty of his nature."-South: Sermons, vol. vi., ser. 4. “Found able by invasion to annoy

6. That which is invented; an original contrivanco. Thy country." Milton: P. R., ill. 365. In-või-glêr, *ěn-vēl-glēr, s. [Eng, inveigl(e);

The invention all admired; and each how ho 2 An attack or encroachment on the rights or an allurer, an enticer. -er.). One who inveigles, entices, or seduces to evil;

To be the inventor missed, so easy it seemed,
Once found."

Milton: P. L., vi. 498. privileges of others; infringement; violation.

"As still is seene in court enueiglers are 3. The approach or assault of anything dangerous

7. That which is mentally invented or excogitated;

Procurers of despite and avarice." or pernicious.

Mirror for Magistrates. p. 165. a thought, a desire, a scheme, a forgery, a fabrica. _"What demonstrates the plague to be endemial to In-veil' (ei as ā), *in-vayl, v. t. (Pref, in- (1), ***

tion, a fiction. Egypt, is its invasion and going off at certain seasons."

“We hear our bloody cousins, not confessing and Eng. veil (q. v.).] To cover, as with a veil; to Arbuthnot.

Their cruel parricide, filling their hearers veil, to cover.

With strange invention." Shakesp.: Macbeth. [ Invasion expresses merely the general idea, without any particular qualification, incursion

ursion In-věnd-1-b1l-1-tě, 8. [Pref. in. (2), and Eng. 8. Music: A term used by J.S. Bach, and probably signifies a hasty and sudden invasion : irruption vendibility (q. V.). The quality or state of being by him only, for small pianoforte pieces, each devel. sigpifies a particularly violent invasion: inroad invendible; unsalableness.

oping a single idea, and in some measure answering signifies a making a road or way for one's self, "All that is terrible in this case is, that the author may to the impromptu of a later day. which includes invasion and occupation. (Crabb: be laughed at, and the stationer beggared by the book's

T Invention of the Cross: Eng. Synon.) invendibility."--Brome. (To the Reader.)

Ecclesiology and Church History: In-vå-sive, a. (Low Lat. invasivus, from Lat. In-věnd-Y-ble, a. (Pref. in. (2), and English

1. The alleged finding of the cross of Our Lord by to

Helona, mother of Constantine the Great. (HOLYinvasus, pa, par, of invado=to invade (q. v.); Fr. vendible (q. v.).] Not vendible; not salable; un

CROSS. invasif.] Invading; aggressive. Balable.

2. A feast, celebrated on May 3, in honor of the “With them to dare

Yn-věnt'. v. t. (Fr. inventer. from Lat. inventus. event mentioned above. It is said to have been first The fiercest terrors of invasive war."

pa. par. of invenio=to come upon, to find, to invent, celebrated in the Church of Santa Croce, at Rome. Hoole: Orlando Furioso, bk. m iii.

from in-=in, upon, and venio='to come; Sp. in. Gregory XI. (1370–78), who brought back the seat of *In-věck-eě, a. (Etym. doubtful.) ventar: Ital. inventare.]

the Popedom from Avignon to Rome, ordered a Her.: A term used by writers on heraldry for *1. To come or light upon; to find, to meet with. special office to be composed for this feast. Clem. double arching. (ARCHED.]

"She] vowed neuer to returne againe,

ent VIII. (1592-1605) raised it to a double of the secTill him aliue or dead she did inrent."

ond class, and removed parts of the old office. In-věct , v. i. (Lat. invectus, pa. par.of inveho=

Spenser: F:0., III. v. 10. *In-věn'-tious, a. to carry into, to inveigh (q. v.).) To inveigh.

[English invent; -ious.] In. *2. To find out, to discover. "Fool that I am, thus to invect against her."

ventive. Beaum, & Flet.: Faithful Friend, iii. 3.

di ini. 3. “Zoroastres, kyng of the Bactrians, who is reported to In-věnt:-Ive, a. (Fr. inventif, from Lat. inven

haue fyrst inuented arto-magicke."--Goldyny: Justine, tus, pa. par. of invenio: Ital. & Sp, inventivo.) In-věct -ěd, a. (Lat. invectus, pa. par. of inveho fo. 1. sto carry in.)

1. Quick at contrivance; ready at expedients; Her.: The reverse to engrailed, all the points

3. To contrive and produce, as a thing that did fertile in invention, imagination, or contrivance. turning inward to the ordinary thus borne, with the ts not exist previously.

“A beautiful and perfect whole semicircles outward to the field. "They hunt old trails,' said Cyril, 'very well;

Which busy man's inventive brain But when did woman ever yet invent'"

Toils to anticipate, in vain." In-věc-tion, e. (Lat. invectio, from invectus, pa.

Tennyson: Princess, ii. 369.

Cowper: Epistle to Lady Austen, par. of inveho.) Invective.

4. To frame by the imagination; to excogitate, to 2. Fabricating, false. In-věctive. s. & a. Fr., from Lat. invectivus. devise, to concoct, to fabricate. (Used in a good or "The queen's fond hope inventive rumor cheers." from invectus, pa. par. of inveho=to inveigh (q.v.); bad sense.)

Pope: Homer's Odyssey, i. 523. Sp. invectiva; Ital. invettiva.]

“And they layde their heades togither, till they had In-věnt-Ive-ly, adv. [Eng, inventive; -y.) By A. As subst.: Acensorious or vituperate attack on inuented an other captious question." -Barnes: Works, a person; a censure in speech or writing; a severe

the means or power of invention. p. 223. or violent expression of censure or abuse: a bitter *5. To feign.

In-věnt-Ive-něss, 8. [Eng. inventive; -ness.) and reproachful accusation.

(1) To invent. feian. and frame aro all occa. The quality or

all occa. The quality or state of being inventive; the sacuity "A tide of fierce

sionally employed in the ordinary concerns of life, of invention; invention. Invective seemed to wait behind her lips."

and in a bad sense; fabricate and forge are never In-věnt-Or, In-věnt-er, 8. [French inventeur, Tennyson. Princess i. 451. used any otherwise. Invent is employed as to that from Lat. inventorem. accus, of inventor=a discovwhich is the fruit of one's own mind; to feign is

erer, from inventus, pa. par, of invenio: Ital. inven. B. As adj.: Censorious, satirical, vituperative, employed as to that which is unreal; to frame is tore. abusire.

One who invents, contrives, or produces employed as to that which requires deliberation

something now. "Satire among the Romans, but not among the Greeks, and arrangement; to fabricate and forge are emTas a biting invective poem."-Dryden: Juvenal. (Dedic.) ployed as to that which is absolutely false, and re

"O mighty-mouthed inventor of harmonies."

Tennyson; Milton. In-věc -tive-ly, adv. [Eng, invective; -lv.] In quiring more or less exercise of the inventive power.

In-věn-tör-Y-al, a. [Eng. inventory; -al.] Of the manner of invective; abusively, censoriously, (Crabb: Eng. Synon.) satirically.

(2) For the difference between to invent and to or pertaining to an inventory. “Thus most invectively he pieroeth throu

contrive, see CONTRIVE; for that between to inventin-věn-tör-1-al-18, adverb. [Eng. inventorial: The body of the country, city, court." and to find, see FIND.

-ly.] In manner of an inventory. Shakesp.: As You Like It, ii. 1. In-věnt:-ēr, s. (INVENTOR.]

"To divide him inventorially would dizzy the arith+In-věc - Ive-něss, s. [Eng. invective; -ness.) În-věnt-fái, a. [English invent; -ful(1).] Full

07 Fometio of memory."--Shakesp.: Hamlet, v. 2. The quality of being invective or vituperativo; of invention : inventive.

In -věn-tõréý, *in-ven-tar-ie, *in-ventor-ie, abusiveness.

"Some wor der at his invectiveness."-Fuller: Worthies, In-vēnt'-1-ble, a. (Eng. invent; -able.) Capa. 8. (Lat. inventorium; Fr. inventaire; Ital., Sp. & Hants. ble of being invented; discoverablo.

Port, inventario.) A list or catalogue of goods and in-veigh' (eigh as ā) *in-vey, v. t. (Lat. inveho,

“I thought there had been but one only exquisito way description of each, with its value, made on various

chattels, containing a full, true, and particular =to carry into or to, to inveigh: in-sin, into, and inventible."--Century of Inventions, No. 67.

occasions, as on the sale of goods, decease of a reho=to carry; Sp. invehir.) To utter or make use in-věnt-i-ble-něss, 8. (Eng. inventible; -ness.] person, storage of goods for safety, &c.; hence, gen. of invectives; to exclaim censoriously and abusively The quality or stato of being inventible

erally a list, an account, a catalogue. boll, boy; pout, jowl; cat, cell, chorus, chin, bench; go, gem; thin, this; sin, aş; expect, Xenophon, exist. ph = f.




function of the seco. The forms of reconnecting taipediuitih sulphuric acid, and aC H206+


A. Transitive:

In'-věn-tor-ý, v. t. [INVENTORY, 8.) To make 5. Milit.: A movement in tactics by which the or- . II. Technically: or draw up an inventory of; to set down in an in- der of companies in line is inverted, the right being 1. Bot.: Having the apex of one thing in an ventory: to make a list, catalogue, or schedule of. on the left, the left on the right, and so on. .

opposite direction to that of another, as in many “The philosopher thought friends were to be inven.

6. Mus.: The transposition of certain phrases seeds. toried as well as goods."--Government of the Tongue.

having a common root. (1) The inversion of a chord2. Geol. (of strata): So tilted over by igneous or

is effected by making one of the inner notes act as other agency that their position with respect to in-věn'-trěss, s. [Eng. inventor; -ess.] A female

a bass note, and by this means as many inversions other strata is the opposite of what it originally who invents.

can be made as there are actual notes in the chord, "Cecilia came,

was. Hence, unless special care be taken, its age, not counting the root. In such in versions the har. Inventress of the vocal frame."

as tested by superposition, may be misread. The mony remains the same, although the order of comDryden: Ode on St. Cecilia's Day.

m; most ancient rocks are those most likely to be in

ponent parts is changed. (2) Intervals are inverted Yn yâr

verted. pref. [Gael.) A confluence of rivers. by making that which was the uppernote the lower, "Professor Sedewick has shown, indeed, that these It is used 'largely as an element in place names in and the reverse. The inversion of an interval within stro

strata are inverted, the Lower Silurian (which he now Scotland, as Inverness, Inverary, &c. the octave may readily be found in the difference

calls Cambrian), overlying the Devonian or Old Red in-věr-1-sim-1l-1 tūde. 8. Pref. in. (2), and between the figure 9 and the interval known; then rocks." -Murchison. Siluria, ch. vii. English verisimilitude (q.v.). Want of verisimi

lin an interval of a second becomes a seventh by invertude; improbability.

sion, &c. (3) The inversion of a subject is produced 3. Her. Turned the wrong way; as wings are by inverting the intervals of which it consists.

said to be inverted when the points are turned în-vēr-min-ā-tion, 8. (Lat. in- = within, and w

7. Rhet.: A mode of argument by which the downward. verminatio (genit. verminationis) =the worms, the

speaker tries to show that the arguments of his bots; from vermino, to be troubled with worms:

inverted 1. 8. vermis = a worm.] The same as HELMINTHIASIS OF

opponent tell against his own cause, and in favor
of the speaker's.

Arch.: An arch whose crown is downward; the (q. v.).

key-stone being the lowest of the voussoirs, and the

In-vērt', v. t. [Lat. inverto=to turn over: in-= *In-vēr-năc-u-16, s. [Sp.] A greenhouse for toward, up, and verto=to turn; Ital. invertere.]

springings the highest. It is used in foundations,

the floors of tunnels, &c. preserving plants in winter.

I. Ordinary Language: Yn-võrse'. a. ro. Fr. invers (Fr. inverse), from

inverted-commas, 8. pl.

1. To turn upside down; to place in an inverse or Lat. inversus, pa. par. of inverto=to invert (9. V.)i contrary position or order.

Print.: Commas turned upside down; they are Ital. & Sp, inverso.]

used as the sign of a quotation ("").

“The spear inverted, streaks the dust around." I. Ord. Lang.: Opposite in order or relation;

Pitt: Virgil's Æneid, i. In-vērt-ěd-ly, adv. [Eng inverted; -ly.] In inverted, reciprocal; opposed to direct.

2. To divert; to turn into another channel or to

an inverse, contrary, or inverted order. II. Technically: another purpose; to embezzle.

in-vērt-1-ble (1), a. (Eng. invert; -ible.) Ca. 1. Bot.: The same as INVERTED (9.v.).

II. Technically:

pable of being inverted. 2. Math.: Two operations are inverse, when the one is exactly contrary to the other, or when, being

1. Mus.: To change the order of the notes which in-vērt-1-ble (2), a. (Lat. in-=not, and verto= performed in succession upon a given quantity,

form a chord, or the parts which compose harmony. to turn.] Incapable of being turned; inflexible.

2. Math.: To place in a contrary order. To invertin-vērt'-in, s. (English invert; and suff. -in that quantity remains unaltered. Addition and

the terms of a fraction is to put the numerator in subtraction are inverse operations, for, if we add

(Chem.).) to a the quantity b, and from the sum subtract the place of the denominator, and the reverse.

Chem. The active principle of the yeast plant, quantity b, the result will be a. Multiplication and in'-vērt, 8. (INVERT, v.]

obtained by repeatedly washing yeast, first with division, raising to powers and extracting roots,

water and then with alcohol. On shaking up the differentiation and integration, are all inverse 2. The floor of a canal lock-chamber. It is us. residue with ether, the invertin which rises to the operations. If two variable quantities are con ally an inverted arch.

surface is removed and carefully dried. Invertin nected by an equation, either one is a function of 3. The lower part or bottom of a sewer, drain, &c

has the power of inverting cane sugar, but has no the other. If it be agreed to call the first a direct

action on maltose. function of the second, then is the second an inverse invert-sugar, 8.

In-věst', v. t. & i. (Fr. investir, from Lat in. Chem.: A mixture of dextrose and lævulose, ob

vestio=to clothe in or with: in-=in, and vestio=to verse functions, as dependent upon the connecting tained by boiling a solution of cane sugar, acidi

clothe: restis=a dress, clothing: Sp. investir : Ital. equation, may bo determined by solving the equa- lated with sulphuric acid, and afterward removing

the acid with chalk. C12H220u=C6H1206+ 6H1005. tion with respect to each function separately.

os investire.]

It is sweeter than cane sugar, and rotates the plane inverse or reciprocal proportion, s.

of polarization to the left (-25). Honey is the I Ordinary Language: Math.: The application of the rule of three in a sugar of the nectaries of flowers, inverted by a ferreverse or contrary order. ment in the body of the bee.

*1. To dress, to clothe, to array. (Followed by

with or in.) inverse or reciprocal ratio, 8. in-vērt-ant, a. (Fr.)

"Invest me in my motley." Math.: The ratio of the reciprocals of two quan- Her.: The same as INVERTED (q. v.).

Shakesp.: As You Like It, ii. 7. tities.


[Pref. in. (2), and Lat. ver. *2. To put on; to clothe, attire, or array with. In-vērsed', a. (Eng. invers(e); -ed.) Inverted; tebr(a)=a joint; suff. -al.] The same as INVERTE

“Alas ! for pittie that so fair a crewe ... turned upside down. BRATE, adj. (q. v.)

Cannot find one this girdle to invest." In-vērse-1ỹ, adv. [Eng. inverse ; -ly.) In an In-vēr-tě-brā'-ta, 8. pl. [Pref. in-; Lat. verte

Spenser: F. Q., IV. v. 18. inverse or inverted order or manner; in an inverse bra=a joint, especially one belonging to the spine, *3. To cover, as with a dress ratio or proportion; as, when one thing is greater or and neut. pl. suff. -ata.)

“Thou ... with a mantle did invest less in proportion, as another is less or greater. Zool.: A subdivision of the Animal Kingdom,

The rising world of waters dark and deep." In-vēr'-sion, s. [Latin inversio, from inversus, containing the animals which have no jointed, bony,

Milton. P. L., iii. 10. pa. par. of invertorto invert (a.v): Fr. & Sp. in: or cartilaginous spinal column, with a brain-case

*4. To cover, to fill. or limbs connected with an internal skeleton. The version ; Ital. inversione.] adults want even the cartilaginous rod or noto

“Palmy shades and aromatic woods, I. Ordinary Language: chord, though rudiments of it exist in the young of

That grace the plains, invest the peopled hills,

And up the more than Alpine mountain wave." 1. The act of inverting; change of order, so that the Tunicated mollusks. A great group, or division

Thomson: Summer, 762 the first becomes last and the last first; a turning founded, like the Invertebrata, on negative characters, is not homogeneous or natural, and animals of

5. To clotho as with or changing of the natural order of things.

an office or authority; to "By an odd inversion of the command, all that we do

immense variety of form and structure are brought place in possession of a rank, office, or dignity. is first to pray against a temptation, and afterward to

otation and afterward to together by the negative character of their being “The licence of traducing the executive power with watch for it."-South: Sermons, vol. vi., ser. 10.

invertebrate. They are divided into the following which you own he is invested."-Dryden: Epistle to the 2. Change of place, so that each takes the place

great groups or types: Mollusca, Arthropoda, Ver. Whigs.

takes to place mes, Echinodermata, Zoophyta, and Protozoa, with *6. To adorn, to grace, to bedeck; as with clothes of the other

. two intermediate or connecting groups, the Tuni. or ornaments. 3. A turning backward; a reversing of the ordinary process; as, Problems in arithmetic are proved i cata and the Molluscoida.

For this they have been thoughtful to invest by inversion. In-vērt:-ě-brate, a.& 8. [INVERTEBRATA.]

Their sons with arts and martial exercises." II. Technically: A. As adjective:

Shakesp. · Henry IV., Pt. II., iv. 5.

*7. To confer, to give. 1. Chem.: The change which takes place wher 1. Lit.: Destitute of vertebre. starch, dextrin, or sugar is boiled with a dilute acid. “It was evident that there was no proportion or equiv.

* If there can be found such an inequality between Ditterent acids act with various degrees of rapidity; alency between the vertebrate and the invertebrate

man and man, as there is between man and beast: or mineral more quickly than organic acids; sulphuric groups."-Owen: Compar. Anat.; Invertebratæ ( Animals).

between soul and body, it investeth a right of govern acid the most quickly of all. Thus starch and dex2. Fig.: Wanting in material or mental power;

ment."-Bacon. trin are changed into glucose, cane-sugar into invert glucose, cane-sugar into invert weak.

8. To expend, as money in the purchase of some sugar, maltose into glucose, &c. Inversion may

kind of property, usually of a permanent nature; as,

"To me the Tory lyrics are quite as delightful as the also take placa in the presence of ferments, or by

to invest money in land. o Radical ones-80 long as they are not invertebrate."-I. prolonged boiling with water. lust. London News.

II. Milit.: To blockade, to beleaguer, to surround 2. Geol.: The overturning or folding over of strata

or inclose with forces, so as to intercept succor of by igneous agency. so that the order of their suc. B. As subst.: An animal destitute of vertebræ. cession seems reversed.

In-vērt -ě-brāt-ěd, a. [Eng. invertebrat(e);

men or provisions. 3. Gram.: A change of the natural order of words ed.] Not having a backbone; invertebrate.

B. Intrans.: To make an investment; as, to invest in a sentence.

in-vērt'-ěd, pa. par.& a. (INVERT, v.]

in bank stock. "Accustomed now to a different method of ondering our

| One is invested with that which is external; one words, we call this an inversion, and consider it as a forced

A. As pa. par.: (See the verb.)

is endued with that which is internal. We invest a and unnatural order of speech."-Blair, vol. i., lect. 7. B. As adjective:

person with an office or a dignity: one endues a per.

son with good qualities. The king is invested with 4. Math.: The operation of changing the order of I. Ord. Lang.: Turned upside down; turned the so

supreme authority; a lover endues his mistress with the terms, so that the antecedent shall take the contrary way; reversed, inverse. place of the consequent and the reverse, in both

every earthly perfection. (Crabb: Eng. Synon.)

"O Winter, ruler of the inrerted year, couplets. Thus, from the proportion a :b::cid, Thy scattered hair with sleet like ashes filled."

*in-věs'-ti ent, a. (Lat. inrestiens, pr. par. of we have, by inversion, b:a:: d:c.

Curoper: Task, iv. 120. investio.] Covering, clothing. fāte, făt, färe, amidst, whãt, fâll, father; wē, wět, hëre, camel, hēr, thêre; pine, pit, sïre, sir, marîne; gó, pot,

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in-věs'-tig-a-ble (1), a. (Lat. investigabilis, 3. The act of surrounding, blockading, or belea. *2. To be envied; enviable.

n be guering with an armed force; siege, blockade; as, “Such a person appare in all investigated, searched out, or discovered by reason the investment of a town.

invidious state."--Barrow. ing or research.

4. The act of investing or laying out money in the

3. Likely to incur or bring on hatred, odium, ill*In-věs -tig-a-ble (2), a. [Low Lat. investiga. De

purchase of some species of property, usually of a bilis, from Lat. in-=not, and vestigo=to track out. permanent nature; as, the investment of money in

will, or envy. railway shares or in land.

“He rose and took the advantage of the times, That cannot be investigated or searched out; 5. Money invested.

To load young Turnus with invidious crimes." unsearchable.

Dryden: Virgil's Æneid, xi. 518. “Through the investigable deep."

“The wreck of their investment in Mexican securities." -Pall Mall Gazette.

| Invidious in its common acceptation signifies Cotton: Eighth Psalm Paraphrased. In-věs-ti-gāte, v.t. (Lat. investigatus, pa. par.

causing ill will; envious signifies having ill will. A 6. That which invests or clothes ; dress, attire,

task is invidious that puts one in the way of giving of investigo=to track out: in-=in, and restigo=to • vestments, clothes.

offense: a look is envious that is full of envy. Intrace: vestigium=a footstep, a track : Sp. & Port.

"You, my lord archbishop,

vidious qualifies the thing: envious qualities the investigar; Ital. investigare.) To search or trace

Whose white investments figure innocence."

temper of the mind. (Crabb: Eng. Synon.) out; to follow up, to pursue, to search into; to ex

Shakesp.: Henry IV., Pt. II., iv. 1. amine and inquire into carefully and closely; to 7. That in which money is invested.

in-vid-1-oŭs-ly, adv. (Eng. invidious; -ly.] examine into with care and accuracy.

"A certain portion of the revenues of Bengal has been,

1. In an invidious manner; enviously, maligin-věs-ti-gã'-tion, 8. [Lat. investigatio, from for many years, set apart to be employed in the purchase Danıy. inrestigatus, pa. par. of intestigo: Fr. investiga. of goods for exportation to England, and this is called “These were worded so invidiously." --Burnet: Hist, tion; Sp. investigacioni Italian investigazione.) imavice the investment."- Burke: On the Affairs of India,

Own Time (an. 1702). The act of investigation, inquiring, or examining in-věst'-or, 8. (Eng. invest; -or.] One who in 2. In a manner likely to incur odium or ill will. closely into any thing or matter; close and careful vests or makes an investment.

în-vid-1-os-něss, s. (Eng. invidious; -ness.] examination or research; scrutiny, inquiry, inquisi. "No prudent investor would calculate too much upon The quality or state of being invidious. tion. the permanent payment of Mexican coupons."-Pall Mall

“We had with us neither spades nor pickaxes; and if ** The delight which the mind feels in the investigation Gazette. of secrets." Johnson: Life of Dryden.

love of ease surmounted our desire of knowledge, the of*In-věs-ture, v. t. (Eng. invest; -ure.)

fence has not the inridiousness of singularity." Johnson: in-věs'-ti-gā-tive, a. (Eng. investigat(e); -ive.] 1. To clothe.

A Journey to the Western Islands. Given to investigation; curious, careful, and exact 2. To invest; to install; to put into possession of In-vis -Il-ance, in-vig -Il-an-¢ý, s. [Pref. inin examination or investigation.

an office. In-věs'-ti-gå-tõr, s. [Lat., from investigatus,

(2), and Eng. vigilance (q. v.).] Want of vigilance;

"Hath already investured him in the dukedom of Prus- neglect of vigilance or watching. pa. par. of investigo; Fr. investigateur; Ital. inves- sia."- Ascham: Afairs of Germany. tigatore; Sp. investigador.] One who investigates *In-věs'-ture, 8. [Eng, invest; -ure.] Invest

*In-vig'-õr, *in-vig'-oũr, v.t. [Pref. in- (1), and or inquires carefully and closely into anything.

Eng. vigor (q.v.).] To invigorate, to animate. ment, investiture. *In-věst -1-on, s. (Low Lat. investio=a handing "Before his investure and installation therein."-P.

" What pomp of words! what namelese energy over, a putting into possession, investiture.] The Holland: Suetonius, p. 127.

Kindles the verse, invigours every line." same as INVESTITURE (q. V.).

Thompson: On Mr. Pope's Works, *in-vět'-ēr-a-blý, adv. [As if from an Eng. in In-věs-ti-ture. 8. (Fr. investiture; Prov. & Ital. veterab(le) ;-ly.] In an inveterate manner; invet

In-vig:-or-āte, v. t. [Formed as if from a Latin

invigoratus, pa. par.of *invigoro, from in. (intens.), investitura ; Sp. & Port, investidura.] [INVEST.] erately. (Colley Cibber: Careless Husband, v.)

and vigor=vigor, strength; Ital. invigorare.] To I. Ordinary Language:

In-vět -ēr-a-cý, s. (Eng. inveterate; -cy.) The endue with vigor; to give vigor or strength to; to 1. The act of investing; the state of being in- quality or state of being inveterate or of long dura- strengthen; to animate; to give life and energy to. Tested with anything; as, with the symbols of office, tion; the state of being firmly established by time; “Would age in thee resign his wintry reign, emolument, or dignity. (II.) long continuance; the state of being deeply or

And youth invigorate that frame again!" "Intending your investiture so near firmly rooted or engrained in one's nature; firmness

Cowper: Hope, 34. The residence of your despised brother."

or deep-rooted obstinacy of any quality or state in-vig-or-'-tion. 8. (INVIGORATE.) The act of Marlowe: Tamburlaine, i. 1. gained by time.

invigorating; the state of being invigorated. 2. That with which one is invested; garments,

"Such the fixed inveteracy wrought vestments.

By the impatience of my early Thought."

"By virtue of a supposed antiperistasis, or invigora

tion of the internal heat of the lime."--Boyle: Works, iv.

Byron: Childe Haroid. II. Technically:

246. 1. Ch. Hist.: If any bishop or other clergyman in-vět'-ēr-ate, a. (Lat. inveteratus, pa, par, of

*In-vile, v. t. (Pref. in- (intens.), and Eng. vile have the cure of souls and also a stipend, two ele inretero=to retain for a long time: in- (intens.),

intens, (q.v.).] To render vile or of no value.

c. ments, the one sacred and the other civil, exist in and vetus (genit. veteris)=old; Fr. invétéré; Ital. his position; and as nearly every spiritual act inveterato: Sp. inueterado.

*in-vil-lage (age as ig), v. t. [Pref. in. (1), and carries civil consequences, and nearly every civil 1. Old, long established; having existed or con- Eng. village (9.v.). To make into a village; to act connected with his benefice has sacred effects. tinued for a long time.

reduce to the rank or condition of a village. scarcely any prudence can avoid periodical collision “It is an inreterate and received opinion that can “There on a goodly plain (by time thrown downe) between the ecclesiastical and the civil power. tharides, applied to any part of the body, touch the blad. Lies buried in his dust some auncient towne; From the kingly or imperial point of view, a great der and exulcerate it."-Bacon: Nat. Hist.

Who, now in villaged, there's only seene." political object will be served if the church can be 2. Firmly or deeply rooted or established by long

Brorene: Britannia's Pastorals, b. i., s. 3. made simply a tool in the hands of the civil govern- continuance: deeply rooted; obstinate.

*in-vin-ate, a. (Prefix in- (1); Latin vin(um)= ment. From the papal point of view, and indeed "Butthe instantaneous reform of inveterate abuses was wine, and Eng. sufl. -ate. Incorporated with wine. from that of all church functionaries, a great atask far beyond the powers of a prince strictly restrained in-vin-ci-bil-I-ty, s. (English invincible; -ity. ] ecclesiastical end will be achieved if the State can by law."- Macaulay: Hist. Eng. be made an obedient handmaid of the Church.

The quality or state of being invincible; invinci.

3. Confirmed in any habit or practice by long use bleness.
From the establishment of the Church under Con
stantine the Great, in the fourth century, the

or continuance.
4. Malignant. virulent.

“Their absolute faith in the invincibility of their Roman functionaries increasingly interfered in

arms." - Edinburgh Review, Jan., 1871, p. 27.

“In terms the most aggravating and inveterate."-H. ecclesiastical affairs, and by the eleventh lay patBrooke: Fool of Quality.

in-vin-çi-ble, a. (Fr., from Latin invincibilis, ronage had been much abused, and simony largely prevailed. The emperors, kings, and princes of

from in-=not, and vincibilis = vincible; vinco = to

*in-vět -ēr-āte, v. t. [Lat. inveteratus, pa. par. Krone had been acenstomed to confer the tempoof inuetero. To fix or establish firmly by long con

uer; Sp. invincible; Ital. ir ralities of the larger benefices and monasteries by tinuance. (INVETERATE, a.

A. As adjective: the delivery of a ring and a staff, or crozier. When "Let not Atheists lay the fault of their sins upon 1. Ord. Lang.: Incapable of being conquered or the bishop or abbot elect had received these, he human nature, which have their prevalence from long subdued; unconquerable carried them to the metropolitan, who returned custom and custom and inveterated habit."-Bentley: Sermons.

able. them, to indicate that the Church had conferred on tin-vět'-ēr-ate-ly, adv. (Eng. inveterate; -ly. "His power secured thee, when presumptuous Spain him sacred office. Pope Gregory VII. (Hildebrand) In an inveterate manner or degree; with obstinacy; Baptized her fleet invincible in vain." considered that a ring and a crozier were insignia virulently.

Cowper: Erpostulation, 568. of spiritual office, and not of its temporal accomo “To it they were most inveterately prone."-Warburton: 2. Hist.: Belonging to or in any way connected paniments, the crozier symbolizing the pastoral Divine Legation, bk. iv., $ 6. charge and the ring the celestial mysteries. He

with the secret society described under B.

tin-vět'-ēr-ate-něss, s. (Eng. inveterate; -ness.] therefore wished the then reigning emperor, Henry

B. As substantive: IV., to desist from conferring investitures in such a The quality or state of being inveterate; inveteracy. Irish Hist. (pl.): An Irish secret society. not torm, or indeed at all. The emperor was willing to

"As time hath rendered him more perfect in the identical with, though it developed from, that of see simony terminated, but clung to investitures. art, so hath the inveterateness of his malice made him

the inveterateness of his malice made him

the Fenione in ar

the Fenians, in or prior to 1882. One of the main and Gregory on his part threatened to excommuni- more read

more ready in the execution."-Bruuone: Vulgar Errors, objects of the Invincibles was to remove" (a cate any one conferring such investitures or receivbk. vii., ch. xii.

euphuism for "to assassinate") government officers ing them. A fierce contest now arose between *in-vět-er-a'-tion, 8. [Lat. inveteratio, from in, or others who might incur the displeasure of the Henry and Gregory, continued by their successors. veteratus, pa. par. of invetero.) (INVETERATE, a.) association or its leaders. On May 6, 1882, it At last the pontiff's legates and the emperor came The act of making inveterate; hardening or con- achieved what doubtless it deemed a great victory, to an arrangement at the Diet of Worms, A.D. firming by long continuance.

having on that day succeeded in "removing," i.e., 1122, one article of the treaty being that the emperor in-věxed', a. (Lat. in-=in, and veri, perf. indic. in stabbing to death, Lord Frederick Cavendish, should confer the temporalities of a see or abbacy of reho=to carry.]

who had just arrived from England as Secretary for by some other symbols than the sacred ones of the Her.: Arched or enarched.

Ireland, and Mr. Thomas A. Burke, the Underring and the crozier.

Secretary, in the Phenix Park at Dublin. The *In-vict', a. (Lat. invictus.] Unconquered, in. 2. Law: The open delivery of seizin or possession.

plot was directed against the latter gentleman, domitable, invincible. *in-vest-ive, a. (Eng. invest; -ive.] Clothing,

and the former, nobly interfering to protect his investing, covering.

In-vid-1-oŭs, a. (Lat. invidiosus, from invidia friend, shared his fate. The nefarious deed arrayed

=envy; Ital. &0. Sp. invidioso; Sp. envidioso.] against the unknown murderers the moral feeling in-věst -měnt, 8. (Eng. invest; -ment.]

*1. Envious, malignant.

of the civilized world, and the government soon *1. The act of investing, clothing, or dressing.

"May with astonishment invidious view

overcame the "Invincibles." On February 20, 188, 12. The act of investing with or placing in posses

His toils outdone by each plebeian bee."

twenty charged with complicity in the Phoenix Park sion of an office, rank, or dignity; investiture.

Smart. Omniscience of the Supreme Being. murders were put on trial; on July 14, Joseph boil, boy; pout, fowl; cat, çell, chorus, chin, bench; go, gem; thin, this; sin, aş; expect, Xenophon, exist. ph = f.


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