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The author begs to state that this work is submitted as a treatise in Ethics and not in Civil Government. It is designed for the purpose of teaching the young mind how to apply the fundamental principles of right and wrong to the problems of Citizenship and the State. On the other hand, it is intended as lessons for study and not for continuous reading. Each chapter might of itself be elaborated into a volume. By means of an imaginary Dialogue between the teacher and the pupil, the points have been outlined in conversational form.
It is coming to be recognized as of overwhelming importance that the conception of duty should be linked intimately with that of citizenship in the minds of the young. The purpose of the book, therefore, is not to impart knowledge concerning the facts of civil government, but rather to suggest what we ought or ought not to do as Citizens of the State. In the conviction of the author, this should constitute a separate and most important department in the whole sphere of school instruction. Everything in the volume has been introduced with this purpose in view. The lessons have been in manuscript form for a number of years and have gone through several revisions. They have been tested repeatedly with classes of boys and girls of various ages. It is only after these trials that the material is now put in final shape and presented in book form.
The greatest care has been exercised by the author not to use this treatise as a means for advocating special theories of his own. He has not striven to add further light on disputed problems, but rather to call the attention of the young to those facts and principles which have been established by thousands of years of human experience. He has taken pains not to deal