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lature, or of any individuals, to give legal existence to

FIRST BALLOT. Slavery in any Territory of the United States. 9. That we brand the recent re-opening of the African !

States. slave-trade, under the cover of our national flag, aided by perversions of judicial power, as a crime against huinanity and a burning shame to our country and age; i, and we call upon Congress to take prompt and efficient

New Hampshire 1 ? measures for the total and final suppression of that exe

Vermont....... crable traffic.

Massachusetts, .21 10. That in the recent vetoes, by their Federal Gover

Rhode Island, .. Dors, of the acts of the Legislatures of Kansas and Ne

Connecticut....praska, prohibiting Slavery in those Territories, we find a

New-York...... practical illustration of the boasted Democratic principle of Non Intervention and Popular Sovereignty embo

Pennsylvania.. died in the Kansas-Nebraska bill, and a demonstration

Maryland...... 3 of the deception and fraud involved therein.

Delaware......11. That Kansas should, of right, be immediately ad

Virginia........ 8 mitted as a State under the Constitution recently formed

Kentucky...... and adopted by her people, and accepted by the House

Ohio.......... of Representatives.

Indiana .... 12. That, while providing revenue for the support of the

Missouri... General Government by duties upon imports, sound policy

Michigan.... requires such an adjustment of these imposts as to en.

Illinois. courage the development of the industrial interests of the

Texas.. whole country: and we commend that policy of national

Wisconsin... exchanges which secures to the working men liberal

Iowa... wages, to agriculture remunerating prices, to mechanics

California...... and manufacturers an adequate reward for their skill,

Minnesota..... labor, and enterprise, and to the nation commercial pros

Oregon....... perity and independence.

Territories. 13. That we protest against any sale or alienation to

Kansas........ 6 others of the Public Lands held by actual settlers, and

Nebraska...... 2 1 against any view of the Homestead policy which regards

Dis. of Columbia 2 - the settlers as paupers or suppliants for public bounty ; and we demand the passage by Congress of the complete Total.... 1784 102 8 504 48 12 1 49 14 and satisfactory Homestead measure which has already passed the House.

Whole number of votes, 465. Necessary to 14. That the Republican Party is opposed to any change a choice, 233. in our Naturalization Laws or any State legislation by

The second ballot was then taken. which the rights of citizenship hitherto accorded to immi. grants from foreign lands shall be abridged or impaired ;

Mr. Cameron's name was withdrawn. and in favor of giving a full and efficient protection to the rights of all classes of citizens, whether native or na

SECOND BALLOT. turalized, both at home and abroad. 15. That appropriations by Congress for River and

States. Harbor improvements of a National character, required for the accommodation and security of an existing commerce, are authorized by the Constitution, and justified

Maine.... by the obligations of Government to protect the lives and

New-Hampshire ... property of its citizens.

Vermont........... 16. Tħat a Railroad to the Pacific Ocean is imperatively

Massachusetts... demanded by the interests of the whole country; that

Rhode Island... the Federal Government ought to render immediate and

Connecticut ... efficient aid in its construction; and that, as preliminary

nstruction; and that, as preliminary | New-York.. thereto, a daily Overland Mail should be promptly IN Joreet established.

Pennsylvania. 17. Finally, having thus set forth our distinctive prin

Maryland...... ciples and views, we invite the coöperation of all citi

Delaware.. sens, however differing on other questions, who substan

Virginia.... tially agree with us in their affirmance and support.

Kentucky.... On the following day, Friday, May 18th, the

Ohio.........

Indiana... Chair having announced that the naming of Miss

Missouri.. candidates for President was in order, Wm. Michigan... M. Evarts, of New-York, named William H. Illinois.

Texas..... Seward.

Wisconsin. Mr. Judd, of Illinois, named Abraham Lin Iowa... coln. Mr. Dudley, of New-Jersey, nominated California. Wm. L. Dayton. Gov. Reeder, of Pennsylva

Minnesota.

Oregon........... vania, nominated Simon Cameron. Mr. Cart

Territories. ter, of Obio, nominated Salmon P. Chase. Kansas....... Francis P. Blair, of Maryland, nominated Ed-District of Columbia.:: Ž ominated a Nebraska...........

ward Bates, of Missouri. Indiana seconded the nomination of Abraham

Total..........1844 181 35 2 8 427 10 8 Lincoln. Mr. Austin Blair, of Michigan, seconded! The third ballot was taken amid excitement, the nomination of Mr. Seward; so also did Carl and cries for “the ballot.” Intense feeling Schurz, of Wisconsin, Mr. Worth, of Minnesota, existed during the voting, each vote being and Mr. Wilder, of Kansas.

awaited in breathless silence and expectancy. Mr. Corwin, of Ohio, nominated Judge Mc. The progress of the ballot was watched with Lean,

most intense interest, especially toward the Mr. Delano, of Ohio, seconded the nomination last, the crowd becoming silent as the contest of Mr. Lincoln, as did also one of the delegates narrowed down. The States, as called, voted as from Iowa.

follows: The balloting then proceeded, with the following result: underlinge is

• Proviously withdrawn.

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THIRD BALLOT.

FIRST BALLOT.

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Seward.

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Mainc..........10
New Hampshire. 1

Maine.........
Vermont........-

New Hampshire... Massachusetts.... 8

Vermont......... Rhode Island....I

Massachusetts.... Connecticut..... 1

Rhode Island.... New-York.......7

Connecticut.... New Jersey......!

New-York...... Pennsylvania....

New Jersey.... Maryland.......

Pennsylvania.. Delaware....

Maryland..... Virginia....,

Delaware, Kentucky...

Virginia.. Ohio.......

Kentucky.

Ohio..........
Indiana.
Missouri..

Indiana...
Michigan.....

Missouri...... Illinois...

Michigan...... Texas........... 6

Illinois....... Wisconsin.......10

Texas...... Iowa...........

Wisconsin. California....

Iowa ...... Minnesota....

California.... Oregon.......

Minnesota.... Territories.

Oregon......... Kangas......

Territories. Nebraska...

Kansas....... Dist. of Columbia 2

Nebraska.....

Dist. of Columbia.. 2 180 22 24 2311 5 1 1

Total........1014 387 51 58 194 1 8 This gave Lincoln 2311 votes, or within 24 of Total 461. Necessary to a choice, 232. a nomination. .

THE SECOND BALLOT. Before the result was announced, Mr. Cartter, of Ohio, said—I rise, Mr. Chairman, to an States.

Hamlin. Clay. Hickman. nounce the change of four votes from Ohio, I Maine...... from Mr. Chase to Abraham Lincoln.

New Hampshire. ...

Vermont... This announcement, giving Mr. Lincoln a

Massachusetts.... majority, was greeted by the audience with the Rhode Island most enthusiastic and thundering applause. Connecticut.

New-York..... Mr. McCrillis, of Maine, making himself heard,

New Jersey... said that the young giant of the West is now of Pennsylvania...... age. Maine casts for him her 16 votes.

Maryland..

Delaware..... Mr. Andrew, of Massachusetts, changed the

Virginia vote of that State, giving 18 to Mr. Lincoln and Kentucky.. 8 to Mr. Seward.

Ohio........ Mr. B. Gratz Brown, of Missouri, desired to

Indiana...

Missouri.. change the 18 votes of Missouri to the gallant son of the West, Abraham Lincoln. Iowa, Con. Illinois.....

Texas..... necticut, Kentucky, and Minnesota also changed

Wisconsin.. their votes. The result of the third ballot was

Iowa....... announced:

California.....

Minnesota..... Whole number of votes cast .....466

Oregon... Necessary to a choice............234

Territories

Kansas....... Abraham Lincoln had received 354, and was Nebraska................. declared duly nominated.

District of Columbia......... On motion of Wm. M. Evarts, of New York,

Total...............

.....367 86 Beconded by Mr. Andrew, of Massachusetts, the nomination was then made unanimous.

Massachusetts withdrew the name of Mr. On motion of Mr. Evarts, of New-York, the Banks, and cast 26 votes for Mr. Hamlin. Convention now took a recess till 5 o'clock, to Pennsylvania withdrew the name of Gov. afford time for consultation as to Vice-President. Reeder, and cast 54 votes for Mr. Hamlin.

At 5 o'clock the Convention rëassembled, On motion of Mr. Blakey, of Kentucky, the listened to nominations, and then proceeded to nomination was made unanimous. ballot.

Mr. J. R. Giddings, of Ohio, offered and the The following is a record of the ballotings for Convention adopted the following: Vice-President:

Resoloed, That we deeply sympathize with those men who have been driven, some from their native States and

others from the States of their adoption, and are now [NOTE.—Col.Fremont had sent a letter by one

exiled from their homes on account of their opinions ;

and we hold the Democratic party responsible for the his

gross violations of that clause of the Constitution which

declares that citizens of each State shall be entitled to dent. This letter was published before the atic

all the privileges and immunities of citizens of the meeting of the Convention.]

| several States.

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Michigan........

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Hr. Ashmun made a brief speech, and the Resoloed, That it is both the part of patriotism and Convention adjourned sine die, with nine hearty!

of duty to recognize no political principle other than

TAB CONSTITUTION OF THE COUNTRY, THE UNION OF THE rheers for the ticket.

STATES AND THE ENFORCEMENT OF THE Laws, and that, as representatives of the Constitutional Union men of

the country in National Convention assembled, wo NATIONAL REPUBLICAN COMMITTEE. hereby pledge ourselves to maintain, protect and de

fend, separately and unitedly, these great principles of The Convention previous to its adjournment public liberty and national safety, against all enemies made choice of the following gentlemen as the

at home and abroad, believing that thereby peace may

once more be restored to the country, the rights of the National Committee for the next four years :

People and of the States reëstablished, and the Govern Maine-CHARLES J. GILMAN, Brunswick.

ment again placed in that condition, of justice, fraternity New Hampshire-GEORGE G. FOGG, Concord.

and equality, which, under the example and Constitution Vermont-LAWRENCE BRAINARD, St. Albans.

of our fathers, has solemly bound every citizen of the Massachusetts-John Z, GOODRICH, Stockbridge.

United States to maintain a more perfect union, estabRhode Island-Thomas G. TURNER, Providence,

lish justice, insure domestic tranquillity, provide for Connecticut-GIDEON WELLES, Hartford.

the common defense, promote the general welfare, and New-York-EDWIN D. MORGAN, Albany.

secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our New Jersey-DENNING DUER, N. Y. City.

posterity.
Pennsylvania-EDWARD MCPHERSON, Gettysburg
Delaroare-NATHANIEL B. SMITHERS, Dover.
Maryland - JAMES F. WAGNER, Baltimore.

DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION-1860.
Virginia-ALFRED CALDWELL, Wheeling.
Ohio-THOMAS SPOONER, Reading, Hamilton Co.

A Democratic National Convention assembled Indiana-SOLOMON MEREDITH, Centerville.

at Charleston, S. C., on the 23d of April, 1860, Minois-NORMAN B. JUDD, Chicago.

with full delegations present from every State Michigan-AUSTIN BLAIR, Jackson. Wisconsin-CARL SCHURZ, Milwaukee.

in the Union, and double delegations from IowaANDREW J. STEVENS, Des Moines.

Illinois and New-York. One of the New York Minnesota-John McKUSICK, Stillwater.

delegations was elected by the State Nominating Missouri-Asa S. JONES, St. Louis. Kentucky-CASSIus M. CLAY, Whitehall,

Convention which met at Syracuse the precedCalifornia-D. W. CHEESMAN, Oroville.

ing autumn ; while its rival was elected by Oregon-W. FRANK JOHNSON, Oregon City.

districts, and led by Fernando Wood, Mayor of Kansas-WILLIAM A. PHILLIPS, Lawrence. Nebraska-0. H. IRISH, Nebraska City.

the commercial emporium. From Illinois, one Dist. of Columbia, JOSEPR GERHARDT, Washington. of the delegations was favorable to Senator

At a meeting held in Chicago, May 18th, Douglas, and the other opposed to that gentle1860, the Committee organized by choosing the

man. Tickets of admission were given by the Hon. E. D. Morgan, of New York, Chairman,

National Committee to the former or “ Soft” and George G. Fogg, of New Hampshire, Secre

Delegation from New York, thus deciding, so tary. Subsequently, the following persons were

far as their power extended, against the Wood constituted the Executive Committee:

or “Hard" contestants, who were understood E. D. MORGAN, of New-York.

to be opposed to the nomination of Douglas. GIDEON WELLES, of Connecticut.

Francis B. Flournoy, of Arkansas, was choN. B. JUDD, of Illinois.

sen temporary chairman, and the Convention CARL SCHUrz, of Wisconsin, JOHN Z. GOODRICH, of Massachusetts,

opened with an angry and stormy debate on the DENNING DUER, of New Jersey.

question of the disputed seats. Mr. Fisher, of Geo. G. Fogg, of New Hampshire.

Va., presented a protest from Mayor Wood,

on behalf of his delegation, against their CONSTITUTIONAL UNION CONVENTION exclusion from the Hall. The reading of the 1860.

protest was ruled out of order, and, after a

wrangling debate, committees were appointed A Convention of Delegates, coming from on Permanent Organization and Credentials, twenty States, and claiming to represent the and the communication of Mayor Wood was "Constitutional Union Party,” met at Baltimore referred without reading to the latter. on the 9th of May, and nominated for President On the following day, the Committee on John Bell, of Tennessee, and for Vice-President | Organization reported the name of Caleb CushEdward Everett, of Massachusetts. The ballot-ling of Mass., for President, with one Viceings for President resulted as follows :

President and one Secretary from each State, 1st. 20.

Ist. 20. which report was adopted. They also reported John Bell, ....... 681 138 | Edward Everett,.. 25 91

a rule “that in any State in which it has not sem. Houston,.... 57 69 Wm. L. Goggin,... 3 7 Wm. A. Graham,.

“ been provided or directed by its State Con1 | Wm. L. Sharkey,.

|“ vention how its vote may be given, the J. J. Crittenden,.. 28 11 Wm. C. Rives, ... 13 -1“ Convention will recognize the right of each

Necessary to a choice, 1st ballot, 128; second delegate to cast his individual vote.” Which ballot, 127.

was also adopted. The nomination of Mr. Bell was thereupon A Committee on Resolutions and Platform made unanimous.

was now appointed; and it was voted that no Ar. Everett was unanimously nominated for ballot for President and Vice-President should Vice-President.

be taken till after the adoption of a Platform. The Convention adopted the following as Adjourned.

On the following day, the only progress made PLATFORM.

by the Convention was the settlement of the Whøreas, Experience has demonstrated that lat- question of contested seats, by confirming the worms adopted by the partisan Conventions of the country have had the effect to mislead and deceive the New York, and the Douglas men from Mlinois. people, and at the same time to widen the political on the 26th. no progress was made, though uvisions of the country, by the creation and encouragemat of geographical and sectional parties; therefore, there was much angry debate and many threats

John M. Botts,....
John McLean,....

their

sen

of bolting on the part of delegates from the ment to protect the rights of persons or pro. Cotton States, unless their views in regard toperty on the high seas, in the Territories, or Platform should be adopted.

wherever else its constitutional authority exOn the 27th, the Platform Committee, failing tends. to agree, presented an assortment of Platforms, The fourth that, when the settlers in a Terrifrom which the Convention was expected to tory have adequate population to form a State make its selection. The majority report, pre- Constitution, the right of Sovereignty comsented by Mr. Avery, of N. C., was as fol. mences, and, being consummated by their adlows:

mission into the Union, they stand upon an Resoloed. That the Platform adopted at Cincinnati be equal footing with the citizens of other States. affirmed, with the following resolution:

and that a State thus organized is to be admit. That the National Democracy of the United States ted into the Union, Slavery or no Slavery. hold these cardinal principles on the subject of slavery | The day was spent in fierce debate without in the Territories : First, that Congress has no power to abolish Slavery in the Territories; second, that the Ter coming to a vote on any of these various propo. ritorial Legislature has no power to abolish Slavery in sitions. the Territories, nor to prohibit the introduction of slaves

On the 28th, Senator Wm. Bigler, of Penntherein, nor any power to destroy or impair the right of property in slaves by any legislation whatever.

sylvania, moved that the majority and minority Resolved, That the enactments of State Legislatures reports be récommitted to the Convention, with to defeat the faithful execution of the Fugitive Slave

instructions to report in an hour, the following Law are hostile in character, subversive of the Constitution, and revolutionary in their effects.

resolutions : Resoloed, That it is the duty of the Federal Govern- Resolved, That the Platform adopted by the Demc. ment to protect the rights of person and property on the cratic party at Cincinnati be affirmed, with the following high seas, in the Territories, or wherever else its jurisdic explanatory resolution: tion extends.

Resoled, That the Government of a Territory, orResoloed, That it is the duty of the Government of ganized by an act of Congress, is provisional and tempothe United States to afford protection to naturalized rary, and, during its existence, all citizens of the United citizens from foreign countries.

States have an equal right to settle in the Territory, Resoloed, That it is the duty of the Government of

without their rights, either of person or property, being the United States to acquire Cuba at the earliest prac. | destroyed or impaired by Congressional or Territorial ticable moment.

Legislation,

Resowed, That the Democratic party stands pledged to the doctrine that it is the duty of Government to

maintain all the constitutional rights of property, of signed by the members of the committee whatever kind, in the Territories, and to enforce all the

decisions of the Supreme Court in reference thereto. from Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Rhode

Resoloed, That it is the duty of the United States to Island, Connecticut, New-Jersey, Ohio, Indiana, afford ample and complete protection to all its citizens, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, Iowa, Minnesota, whether at home or abroad, and whether native or New-York, and Pennsylvania, (all the Free

foreign.

Resoloed, That one of the necessities of the age, in a States except California, Oregon, and Massachu military, commercial and postal point of view, is speedy setts), reaffirmed the Cincinnati Platform; de communication between the Atlantic and Pacific States; clared that all rights of property are judicial in

and the Democratic Party pledge such Constitutional

Government aid as will insure the construction of a their character, and that the Democracy pledge railroad to the Pacific coast at the earliest practical themselves to defer to the decisions of the period. Supreme Court on the subject; ample protec

I Resowed, That the Democratic Party are in favor of the acquisition of the Island of Cuba, on such ternis as

shall be honorable to ourselves and just to Spain. or abroad; aid to "a Pacific Railroad;" the 1 Resowed. That the enactments of State Legislatures acquisition of Cuba, and that all State resistance

to defeat the faithful execution of the Fugitive Slave

Law, are hostile in character, subversive of the Constito the Fugitive Slave Law is revolutionary and

lutution, and revolutionary in their effect. subversive of the Constitution.

Mr. Bigler moved the previous question. Gen. Benj. F. Butler, of Massachusetts, pre

| Mr. W. Montgomery (Ň. C.), of Pennsylvania, sented another minority report, reaffirming the Cincinnati Platform, and declaring Democratic

moved to lay Mr. Bigler's motion on the table.

He did not regard as a compromise a proposiprinciples unchangeable in their nature when

tion for a Congressional Slave Code and the applied to the same subject matter, and only

reopening of the African Slave Trade ; but, recommending, in addition to the Cincinnati Platform, a resolution for the protection of all

learning that the adoption of his motion would

have the effect of tabling the whole subject, he citizens, whether native or naturalized.

withdrew it. A division of the question was Mr. Payne stated that his report, although a

called for, and the vote was first taken on the minority one, represented one hundred and seventy-two electoral votes, while the majority

motion to recommit, which was carried, 152 to

151; but the proposition to instruct the comreport represented only one hundred and

mittee was laid on the table, 2421 to 56), as twenty-seven electoral votes. Mr. James A. Bayard (U. S. Senator), of Dela

follows: ware, presented another series of resolutions, as

YEAS.—Maine, 8; New Hampshire, 5; Vermont, 5;

Massachusetts, 12;; Rhode Island, 4; Connecticut, 5; follows:

New-York, 85; Pennsylvania, 8; Delaware, 8; Mary. The first affirmed the Cincinnati Platform. land, 5}; Virginia, 15; North Carolina, 10; South CaroThe second declared that Territorial Govern

lina, 8; Georgia, 10; Florida, 3; Alabama, 9; Louisi

ana, 6; Mississippi, 7; Texas, 4; Arkansas, 4; Missouri. ments are provisional and temporary, and that 4; Kentucky, 5; Ohio, 23; 'Indiana, 13; Illinois, 11; during their existence all citizens of the United Michigan, 6; Iowa, 4; Minnesota, 4; California, 3States have an equal right to settle in the Terri

2421.

NÄY8.-Massachusetts, t; Connecticut, 1; New Jersey, tories without their rights of either person or 7: Pennsylvania, 15: Maryland, 27; Missouri. 9; Ten: property being destroyed or impaired by Con nessee, 11; Kentucky, 7; Indiana, 6; Wisconsin, 5; gressional or Territorial legislation.

California, 1; Oregon, 8-567. The third, that it is the duty of the Govern.! Subsequently, on the same day, Mr. Avery,

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Second. That imants to protect, when Territories, and it does to explain it and hom openly, boldly. carm. 'i

from the majority of the Committee on Platform, Itrict of Columbiant. NOW: Wichten in the District of

trict of Columbia. Now, we maintain that Congress has reported the following:

Columbia, Why? Because it is an existing institution. Resolved, that the platform adopted by the Democratic | It becomes the duty of Congress under the Constitution to party at Cincinnati be affirmed, with the following ex I protect and cherish the right of property in slaves in that planatory Resolutions :

District, because the Constitution does not give them the First. That the government of a Territory organized by power to prohibit or establish Slavery. Every session of an act of Congress, is provisional and temporary; and, Congress, Northern men, Southern men, men of all par during its existence, all citizens of the United States have ties, are legislating to protect, cherish and uphold the instian equal right to settle with their property in the Territory tution of Slavery in the District of Columbia. . . . without their rights, either of person or property, being deg. is said that the Cincinnati platform is ambiguous, and troyed or impaired by congressional or territorial legislation, that we must explain it. At the South, we have main.

Second. That it is the duty of the Federal Government, tained that it had no ambiguity; that it did not mean In all its departments, to protect, when necessary, the Popular Sovereignty; but our Northern friends say that rights of persons and property in the Territories, and it does mean Popular Sovereignty. Now, if we are wherever else its constitutional authority extends.

going to explain it and to declare its principles, I say Third. That when the settlers in a Territory having an let us either declare them openly, boldly, squarely, adequate population form a State Constitution, the right or let us leave it as it is in the Cincinnati Platform. Í a sovereignty commences, and, being consummated by want, and we of the South want, no more doubtful platadmission into the Union, they stand on an equal foot. forms upon this or any other question. We desire that Ing with the people of other States; and the State thus this Convention should take a bold, square stand. What arganized ought to be admitted into the Federal Union, do the minority of the committee propose? Their solution whether its constitution prohibits or recognizes the institu- is to leave the question to the decision of the Supreme tion of Slavery.

Court, and agree to abide by any decision that may be Fourth. That the Democratic party are in favor of the made by that tribunal between the citizens of a Territory acquisition of the Island of Cuba, on such terms as shall upon the subject. Why, gentlemen of the minority, you be honorable to ourselves and just to Spain, at the earliest cannot help yourselves. That is no concession to us. practicable moment.

There is no necessity for putting that in the platform, beFifth. That the enactments of State legislatures to de cause I take it for granted that you are all law-abiding feat the faithful execution of the Fugitive Slave Law, are citizens. Every gentleman here from a non-slaveholding hostile in character, subversive of the Constitution, and State is a law-abiding citizen; and if he be so, why we revolutionary in their effect.

know that when there is a decision of the Supreme Court, Simth. That the Democracy of the United States recog- even adverse to his viewg, he will submit to it. ... Aze it as the imperative duty of this Government to pro- You say that this is a judicial question. We say that tect the naturalized citizen in all his rights, whether at it is not. But if it be a judicial question, it is immaterial to bome or in foreign lands, to the same extent as its native- you how the platform is made, because all you will have to born citizens.

say is, “this is a judicial question; the majority of the ConWhereas, one of the greatest necessities of the age, in a vention were of one opinion; I may entertain my own opinpolitical, commercial, postal and military point of view, is ion upon the question ; let the Supreme Court settle it." .. a speedy communication between the Pacific and Atlan Let us make a platform about which there can be no tic coasts: Therefore be it

doubt, so that every man, North and South, may stand Resolved, That the Democratic party do hereby pledge side by side on all issues connected with Slavery, and adthemselves to use every means in their power to secure the vocate the same principles. That is all we ask, All we passage of some bill, to the extent of the constitutional demand at your hands is, that there shall be no equivocaauthority of Congress, for the construction of a Pacific tion and no doubt in the popular mind as to what our Railroad, from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean, principles are. at the earliest practicable moment.

Mr. H. B. Payne, of Ohio, replied at length, Mr. Avery took the floor, and spoke at length

he cour in favor of his report, and in the course of his

The question of Slavery had distracted the Courts and remarks said :

the party since 1820, and we hoped by the Compromise I have stated that we demand at the hands of our measures of 1850, the Kansas law of 1854, and the PlatNorthern brethren upon this floor that the great principle form of 1852 and 1856, that the policy of the Democratic which we cherish should be recognized, and in that view Il party was a united and settled policy in respect to Afrispeak the common sentiments of our constituents at home: can slavery. . . . . The Democracy of the North and I intend no reflection upon those who entertain a differ-have, throughout, stood by the South in vindication of ent opinion, when I say that the results and ultimate conse

their constitutional rights. For this they claim no quences to the Southern States of this confederacy, if the credit. They have simply discharged their constitutional Popular Sovereignty doctrine be adopted as the doctrine duty; and, though some Southern Senators may rise in of the Democratic party, would be as dangerous and sub

their places and stigmatize us as unsound and rotten, we Versive of their rights as the adoption of the principle of say we have done it in good faith, and we challege contraCongressional intervention or prohibition. We say that, in

| diction. We have supposed that this doctrine of Popular & contest for the occupation of the Territories of the United Sovereignty was a final settlement of the Slavery difficulty. btates, the Southern men encumbered with slaves cannot You so understood it in the South. We are not claiming compete with the Emigrant Aid Society at the North. We anything in our Platform but what the Cincinnati Platform say that the Emigrant Aid Society can send a voter to one was admitted to have established. . .

the Territories of the United States, to determine a | What was the doctrine of 1856? Non-intervention by question relating to slavery, for the sum of $200, while it congress with the question of slavery, a

Congress with the question of Slavery, and the submission Would cost the Southern man the sum of $1500. We say, of the question of Slavery in the Territories, under the

Constitution, to the People. " Bouth and North, that the North can and will, at less ex. It is said that one construction has been given to the pense and difficulty, secure power, control and dominion | Platform at the South and another at the North. He uver the Territories of the Federal Government; and if, could prove from the Congressional debates that from then, you establish the doctrine that a Territorial Legisla- 1850 to 1856 there was not a dissenting opinion expressed ture which may be established by Congress in any Terri- | in Congress on this subject. vory has the right, directly or indirectly, to affect the insti

To show that Squatter Sovereignty had been won of Slavery, then you can see that the Legislature by 18 action, either directly or indirectly, may finally exdude every man from the slaveholding States as ef- trine, Mr. Payne quoted from eminent Southern lectually as if you had adopted the Wilmot Proviso out Democratic Statesmen as follows:

But we are told that, in advocating the doctrine we now FROY A SPEECH OF HON, HOWELL COBB, OF GEORGIA, do, we are violating the principles of the Cincinnati plat- "I stand upon a principle. I hold that the will of the Jorm. They say that the Cincinnati platform is a Popular

majority of the people of Kansas should decide this covereignty platform; that it was intended to present and practically enforce that great principle. Now, we who

question, and I say here to-night, before this people and

before this country, that I, for one, shall abide the decimade this report deny that this is the true construction of

sion of the people there. I hold to the right of the People ke Cincinnati platform. We of the South gay that when We voted for the Cincinnati platform we understood, from

to self-government. I am willing for them to decide this

question.” e fact that the Territories stand in the same position as We District of Columbia, that non-interference and non

FROM THE SAME. utervention in the Territories was that same sort of non "I would not plant Slavery upon the soil of any porverference and non-intervention forbidden in the Dig. I tion of God's earth against the will of the people. The

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It is salat the South and another at thtes that from

and out,,.

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