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No Platform adopted by second Democratic

Convention ; no Platform adopted by Whis

Convention at Harrisburg, 1889; First Demo-

cratic National Platform, 1840..............

Whig National Platform, 1844...

Democratic National Platform, 1844. .....

Liberty Party Platform, 1844 .......

No Platform adopted openly by Whig Con-

vention, 1848......

Democratic National Platform, 18

Buffalo Free Soil Platform, 1848....

Whig National Platform, 1852....

Democratic National Platform, 1852.

Free Democratic Platform, 1852...

Republican National Platform, 1856..

American National Platform, 1856....

Democratic National Platform, 1856........

Vhig National Platform, 1856..............

Republican National Platform, 1860...

Constitutional Union Party Platform, 1860...
Democratic (Douglas) Platform of 1860.......
Addition thereto by Baltimore Convention.....
Seveders' Platform adopted at Charleston..
The same readopted by the Seceders' (Brecki

Edge) Convention at Baltimore............
POLK, JAMES K., of Tennessee, nominated

for and elected President, 1844.

invented by Gen. Lewis Cass, in his Nicholson



ries : Letter of Martin Van Buren thereon........

Pogh, JAMES L., of Alabama, for Dissolu-

Won............................. ..............

QUITMAN, Gen. JOHN A., of Mississippi,

beaten for Vice-President in Democratic Conven-

tion, B48..............

Beaten for Vice-President in Democratic Con-

vention, 1856............ ............

ANDOLIH, John, of Virginia, on Everett, 204

RAYNOR KENNETH, of North Carolina, de-

feated for President in American Convention,


.......... 23




cey .......

Rives, W. C., of Virginia, defeated for

Vice-President in Democratic National Conven-


Rosh, RICHARD, beaten for Vice-President

in 1828.........

Rusk. Gen. THOMAS J. of Texas, beaten

for Vice-President in Democratic National Con-

vention, 1852...................................

Scott, Gen. VINFIELD, of New York, de.

feated for President at Harrisburg, 1839.........

Defeated for President in Whig Convention,


Nominated for President, 1852....

Letter accepting nomination for President.


Defeated for President, 1852.

SECEDERS' CONVENTION at Charleston, and


SECEDERS' CONVENTION at Baltimore nomi-

nates John C. Breckinridge for President, and

Gen. Joseph Lane for Vice-President............
SEWARD, Wx. H., of New York, candidate

for President before National Republican Conven.

tion, 1860........

His “ Irrepressible Conflict " Speech at Roches.


SERGEANT, JOHN, of Pennsylvania, beaten

for Vice-President in 1832..c..

Defeated for Vice-President in Whig National

Convention, 1844.......

SINGLETON, OTHO R., of Mississippi, for Dis-

solution ............................. ........



tory of the struggle for........................

Origin and Progress of Slavery in America....

British Decisions affecting Slavery in the Colo-


Slavery under the Confederation.........

Jefferson's Ordinance of 1784, providing for the

Government of the Territories and the exclu.

sion of Slavery therefrom......

Yeas and Nays thereon in Continental Congress

Ordinance of 1787, prohibiting Slavery in the

North-west Territory.......................

The Federal Constitution on Slavery....

Constitutional Amendments affecting Slavery ;

Cessions of Territory by Slave States; Early

attempts to override the Ordinance of '87 ...

Reports of John Randolph of Va., and Franklin

of N. O., in opposition thereto; The first Mis.

souri Struggle..............................

Slavery Restriction proposed by Gen. James

Tallmadge of N. Y.; Proposition sustained by

the House ; Remarks thereon by Mr. T. Yuller

of Mass....................:

Remarks of Gen, Tallmadge of N. Y...

Reply of Mr. Scott of Mo.....................

Restriction negatived in the Senate.......

House refuses to concur; Second Missouri

Struggle ; Mr. John W. Taylor of N. Y. moves

a Committee; Memorial of Daniel Webster in

favor of Slavery Restriction.......

Resolves of Legislature of N. Y., in favor of

Slavery Restriction........

Resolves of N. J. and Pa..

Resolves of Delaware; Counter Resolves of

Kentucky Legislature; Compromise proposed

by the Senate................

Adopted in the Senate, and Bill passed; House

refuses to concur...........................

Senate asks a Conference. ...

Compromise finally carried in the House by 90

Yeas (14 only from Free States) to 87 Nays

(all from Free States).......................

The third Missouri Struggle ; Enlargement of

Missouri in 1836; Annexation of Texas......
Address of John Q. Adams and other Whig

members against such Annexation....
Mr. Calhoun's dispatch to Mr. King; Mr. John

P. Hale proposes a division of Texas........

Annexation project of Milton Brown of Tenn. ;

Adopted, Yeas 118, Nays 101; Proposition of

Mr. Foster of Tenn.....

Annexation carried in Senate, 26 to 25: The

Wilmot Proviso.......

The Clayton Compromise; Mr.J. M. Root's Re-

solve for Slavery Restriction; Proposition of

Isaac P. Walker of Wisconsin..............

Proposition of Mr. Ricbard W. Thompson, of

Ind.; Slavery excluded from Oregon Terri-

tory ..............................

Mr. Douglas, of Illinois, proposes to extend the

Missouri line of restriction to the Pacific.....

Senate agrees, but House refuses; The Compro-

mise of 1850; Gen, Taylor's recommenda-

tions ; Gen. Sam Houston's proposition; Hen-

ry Clay's plan of Compromise; John Bell's


Objections to Mr. Clay's scheme by Foote of

Miss, and Mason, of Va.....

Ditto by Jefferson Davis of Miss.; Mr. Clay

in reply; Messrs. Downs of La., King of Ala.,
and Butler of S. C., in further opposition to

M r . Clay ...................................
Mr. Foote of Miss. moves a Committee of Thir-

teen ; Mr. Clay reports from said Committee;

Mr. Jefferson Davis's Amendment...........

Mr. Chase of Ohio moves a prohibition of Sla-

very ; The Omnibus defeated as a whole, but

passed in separate bills; The Kansas-Nebraska


Mr. Atchison's remarks thereon; President

Pierce protests against the renewal of agita.

tion : Mr. Douglas's first Nebraska Report...
He amends his bill; Mr. Chase proposes to au-

thorize the people of Kansas to prohibit Sla-
very therein; Opposed by Messrs. Bell, Doug.

las, etc., and defeated.......

Mr. Clayton's * American" amendment: Mr.

Chase moves that the people of the Territory

be authorized to elect their 'own Governor:

Defeated by 30 to 10; Mr. Seward's speech

against the bill.....

The Kansas-Nebraska bül passes the Senate...

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The Kansas-Nebraska bill passes the House..... 85 TYLER, John, of Virginia, nominated and

Yeas 118, Nays, 100, thereon..........

defeated for Vice-President, 1835_6.....

The clause of said bill repealing the Missouri

Nominated for Vice-President, at Harrisburg,
Compromise ; President Pierce on Kansas Af.
fairs in '55-'6: Mr. Douglas's Report on do.,

1839, and electod in 1840........

March 12, '56 .......

87 Two-Thirds Rule adopted by first Demo-

Minority Report of Mr. Collamer of Vermont...

House orders an investigation of Kansas frauds;

cratic Convention, 1832 ...

Report of Messrs. Howard and Sherman there Toccer, ISAAC, of Connecticut, supported

for President by Democratic National Convention.

House votes to admit Kansas as a Free State... 107

Mr. Douglas reports a bill to pacify Kansas..... 107 Van Buren, Martin, of New-York, nomi-

Mr. Trumbull's amendments thereto; Do. Messrs.

nated for Vice-President..

Foster's, Wilson's and Seward's; Passage of

Nominated for President in 1885, and elected in

Douglas's bill.....

..... 108

1836 ...................

Mr. Geo. G. Dunn's bill to reorganize Kansas..

Nominated for reëlection as Presid

President Pierce's last Message on Kansas......

Defeated for President in 1840. ..
Remarks of Messrs. Hale, Seward, Mason, Wil-

Defeated in Democratic National Conventio

son and Pugh thereon.....

1844 ..

President Buchanan on the Lecompton Constitu-

Nominated for President by Buffalo Convention,


1845 .............

Mr. Douglas's speech against Lecompton....... 114 On Slavery in the Territories, letter to Water

Action on Lecompton in Kansas... ....... 116

bury and others.... ........................

Mr. Buchanan's special Lecompton Message.... 117

Provisions of Lecompton Constitution respecting Vote *In Whig NATIONAL CONVENTION,


120 1852, on Resolve approving Compromise Measures

The Lecompton bill; Passed in the Senate, but

of 1850................

defeated in the House : The Crittenden-Mont-

gomery substitute...........................

121 WARD, John E., of Georgia, President of


Yeas and Nays on adopting substitute...........

the Democratic National Convention, 1856 .........

Senate refuses to concur; Mr. English moves &

WEBSTER, DANIEL, of Massachusetts, sup-

Conference Committee ; Carried by the Speak-

ported by Massachusetts for President, 1836...

er's casting vote; The English Compromise

Defeated for President in Whig Convention, 1848


...... 123

Carried through both Houses; The Wyandot

Beaten for President in Whig Convention, 1852..

Memorial to Congress for Slavery Restriction ...

Convention and Constitution....

His view on the powers of Supreme Court......

Mr. Grow proposes, and the House votes to ad.

mit Kansas under the Wyandot Constitution;

Speech against Slavery Extension. ............

Senato refuses to act on the bill............. 126 WELLER, Col. John B., of California,


beaten for Vice-President in Democratic National

Convention, 1852 ..........

National Convention by Mr. Gaulden, of Georgia.

Also by Governor Adams, of 8. C., in Message to

Wang National CONVENTIONS, held a; Har-

Legislature ....................

risburg, Penn., 1889 ..

Held at Baltimore, Md., 1844 ....

*::::...... .......

Spencer, AMBROSE, of New-York, Presi-

Held at Philadelphia, Penn., 1848

dent Whig National Convention, 1844 ..

Held at Baltimore, Md., 1852 ..

Held at Baltimore, Md., 1866 ..........

SPENCER, JOHN C., of New-York, Presi-

White, Hugh L., of Tennessee, unsuccess-
dent Anti-Masonic National Convention ..........

10|ful candidate for President .....
STEVENSON, ANDREW, of Virginia, Presi-

Wilmot, David, of Pennsylvania, defeated
dent Second Democratic National Convention.....
Ditto, President National Democratic Conven-

for Vice-President in Republican Convention, 1856

tion, 1848...........

Temporary Chairman of Republican National

Convention, 1860. ......


STRANGE, ROBERT, of North Carolina, beaten

Wilson, Gen. Henry, of Massuchusetts,

for Vice-President in Democratic Convention,

1852 ......

President of Free Democratic National Conven-

tion, 1852 .....................

SUMNER, CHARLES, of Massachusetts, de-

Wirt, William, of Maryland, Anti-Ma-

feated for Vice-President in Republican National

Convention, 1856...............................

sonic candidate for President, 1832 .............


WILKINS, WILLIAM, of Pennsylvania, sup-

Opinions of Thomas Jefferson.....

ported by Pennsylvania for Vice-President, 1832..

Opinions of John Taylor of Caroline, Va., John WIŞCONSIN declares for Free Territory,
Randolph of Roanoke, Nathaniel Macon of

through Legislative Resolves.....................

N. C., and John Bacon, of Massachusetts ..... 175

Opinions of John J. Crittenden, Nathaniel Macon,

WOODBURY, LEVI, of New-Hampshire, beaten
James Barbour, Supreme Court of Georgia, for President in Democratic Convention, 1848 ...
Legislature of Georgia, Supreme Court of Penn Wright, Silas, of New York, nominated

sylvania, and Court of Appeals of Virginia .....
Opinions of Mahlon Dickerson, Richard M. John-

for Vice-President by Democratic National Con-
son, Gen. Andrew Jackson, and Daniel Web-

vention of 1844, but declined.............


177 YANCEY, William L., of Alabama, offers

TAYLOR RATIFICATION MEETING at Phila a "non-interference " resolve in Democratic Con-

delphia, 1848, and Resolves


vention, 1848 .....

He advocates Revolution in the South.......... 178

TAYLOR. ZACHARY, of Louisiana, Whig Young Col. SAMUEL of New York. Presi.

rominee for President, 1849 .....

eldent of the Barnburners' Convention at Utica in

Elected President in 1848.....

.... 16


Tilden, DANIEL R., of Ohio, proposes

Offers Anti-Slavery Resolves in Senate of New-

Slavery Restriction in Whig Convention, 1843 .... 15) York ..

....................... 2

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National Conventions for the nomination of a potent influence over such questions, being, candidates are of comparatively recent origin. on this occasion, unable to agree as to which of In the earlier political history of the United her favored sons should have the preference. States, under the Federal Constitution, candi- Ninety-four of the 136 Republican members of dates for President and Vice-President were Congress attended this caucus, and declared nominated by congressional and legislative their preference of Mr. Madison, who received caucuses. Washington was elected as first 83 votes, the remaining 11 being divided bePresident under the Constitution, and reëlected tween Mr. Monroe and George Clinton. The for a second term by a unanimous, or nearly Opposition supported Mr. Pinckney; but Mr. unanimous, concurrence of the American people; Madison was elected by a large majority. but an opposition party gradually grew up in Toward the close of Mr. Madison's earlier Congress, which became formidable during his term, he was nominated for reëlection by a second term, and which ultimately crystalized Congressional Caucus held at Washington, in into what was then called the Republican May, 1812. In September of the same year, a party. John Adams, of Massachusetts, was convention of the Opposition, representing prominent among the leading Federalists, while eleven States, was held in the city of NewThomas Jefferson, of Virginia, was preëmi- York, which nominated De Witt Clinton, of Qently the author and oracle of the Republican New-York, for President. He was also put in party, and, by common consent, they were the nomination by the Republican Legislature of opposing candidates for the Presidency, on New-York. The ensuing canvass resulted in Washington's retirement in 1796–7.

the reëlection of Mr. Madison, who received Mr. Adams was then chosen President, while ! 128 electoral votes to 89 for De Witt Clinton. Mr. Jefferson, having the largest electoral vote In 1816, the Republican Congressional Caucus next to Mr. A., became Vice-President. nominated James Monrue, who received, in the

The first Congressional Caucus to nominate caucus, 65 votes to 54 for Wm. H. Crawford, candidates for President and Vice-President, is of Georgia. The Opposition, or Federalists, said to have been held in Philadelphia in the named Rufus King, of New-York, who receives year 1800, and to have nominated Mr. Jeffer- only 34 electoral votes out of 217. There was son for the first office, and Aaron Burr for the no opposition to the reëlection of Mr. Monroe second. These candidates were elected after a in 1820, a single (Republican) vote being cast desperate struggle, beating John Adams and against him, and for John Quincy Adams. Charles C. Pinckney, of South Carolina. In In 1824, the Republican party could not be 1804, Mr. Jefferson was reëlected President, j induced to abide by the decision of a Congres. with George Clinton, of New-York, for Vice, sional Caucus. A large majority of the Repub. encountering but slight opposition: Messrs. lican members formally refused to participate Charles C. Pinckney and Rufus King, the op. in such a gathering, or be governed by its deciposing candidates, receiving only 14 out of 176 sion; still, a Caucus was called and attended by Electoral Votes. We have been unable to find the friends of Mr. Crawford alone. Of the 261 any record as to the manner of their nomina members of Congress at this time, 216 were tion. In January, 1808, when Mr. Jefferson's | Democrats or Republicans, yet only 66 reg. second term was about to close, a Republican ponded to their names at roll-call, 64 of whom Congressional Caucus was held at Washington, voted for Mr. Crawford as the Republican nomi. to decide as to the relative claims of Madison nee for President. This nomination was very and Monroe for the succession, the Legisla extensively repudiated throughout the country, ture of Virginia, which had been said to exert land three competing Republican candidates

Tere brought into the field through legislative New-York, presided over the delil erations of the and other machinery- viz., Andrew Jackson, Convention, and the nominees received each Henry Clay, and John Quincy Adams. The re- 1 108 votes. The candidates accepted the nomi. sult of this famous "scrub race" for the Presi- nation and received the electoral vote of Ver. dency was, that no one was elected by the mont only. The Convention did not enunciate people, Gen. Jackson receiving 99 electoral any distinct platform of principles, but apvotes, Mr. Adams 84, Mr. Crawford 41, and Mr. pointed a committee to issue an Address to the Clay 37. The election then devolved on the people. In due time, the address was published. House of Representatives, where Mr. Adams It is quite as prolix and verbose as modern powas chosen, receiving the votes of 13 States, litical addresses'; and, after stating at great against 7 for Gen. Jackson, and 4 for Mr. Craw- length the necessary qualifications for the ford. This was the end of “King Caucus." Chief of a great and free people, and presentGen. Jackson was immediately thereafter put ing a searching criticism on the institution of in nomination for the ensuing term by the Le-free-masonry in its moral and political bearings, gislature of Tennessee, having only Mr. Adams somewhat intensified from the excitement for an opponent in 1828, when he was elected caused by the (then recent) alleged murder of by a decided majority, receiving 178 Electoral William Morgan, for having revealed the secrets Votes to 83 for Mr. Adams. Mr. John C. Cal. of the Masonic Order, the Address comes to the houn, who had at first aspired to the Presidency, conclusion that, since the institution had bein 1824, withdrew at an early stage from the come a polítical engine, political agencies must canvass, and was thereupon chosen Vice-Presi. be used to avert its baneful effects in other dent by a very large electoral majority-Mr. words, " that an enlightened exercise of the Albert Gallatin, of Pennsylvania, (the caucus right of suffrage is the constitutional and candidate on the Crawford ticket,) being his equitable mode adopted by the Anti-Masons is only serious competitor. In 1828, Mr. Calhoun necessary to remove the evil they suffer, and was the candidate for Vice-President on the produce the reforms they seek.” Jackson ticket, and of course reëlected. It was currently stated that the concentration of the Crawford and Calhoun strength on this | DEMOCRATIC OR JACKSON NATIONAL ticket was mainly effected by Messrs. Martin

CONVENTION—1832. Van Buren and Churchill C.Cambreleng, of New. York, during a southern tour made by them in There was no open opposition in the Demo. 1827. In 1828, Richard Rush, of Pennsylvania, cratic party to the nomination of Gen. Jackson was the candidate for Vice-President on the for a second term; but the party were not so Adams ticket.

well satisfied with Mr. Calhoun, the Vice-Presi. dent; so a Convention was called to meet at Baltimore in May, 1832, to nominate a candi.

date for the second office. Delegates appeared U. S. ANTI-MASONIC CONVENTION-1830. and took their seats from the States of The first political National Convention in this

Maine, New-Hampshire, Vermont, Massachucountry of which we have any record was held |

setts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New-York, at Philadelphia in September, 1830, styled the

New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Mary. United States Anti-Masonic Convention. It was

land, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, composed of 96 delegates, representing the

Georgia, Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi, Ten. States of New-York, Massachusetts, Connecti

nessee, Kentucky, Ohio, Indiana and Illinois. cut, Vermont, Rhode Island, Pennsylvania,

Gen. Robert Lucas, of Ohio, presided, and New Jersey, Delaware, Ohio, Maryland and the

the regular proceedings were commenced by Territory of Michigan. Francis Granger of

the passage of the following resolution: New-York presided; but no business was trans [Resolved, That each State be entitled, in the nomina.

tion to be made for the Vice-Presidency, to a number of acted beyond the adoption of the following

votes equal to the number to which they will be entitled resolution:

in the electoral colleges, under the new apportionment,

in voting for President and Vice-President; and that Resowed, That it is recommended to the people of the

two-thirds of the whole number of the votes in the Con. United States, opposed to secret societies, to meet in

31 | vention shall be necessary to constitute a choice. convention on Monday the 26th day of September, 1881, at the city of Baltimore, by delegates equal in number This seems to have been the origin of the to their representatives in both houses of Congress, to

famous “two-thirds” rule which has prevailed make notuinations of suitable candidates for the office of President and Vice-President, to be supported at the of late in Democratic National Conventions. next election, and for the transaction of such other. The Convention proceeded to ballot for a can. business as the cause of Anti-Masonry may require. didate for Vice-President, with the following

In compliance with the foregoing call, a Na- result: tional Anti-Masonic Convention was held at Balti For Martin Van Buren : Connecticut, 8; Illinois, 2; more, in September, 1831, which nominated Ohio, 21; Tennessee, 15; North Carolina, 9; Georgia, 11; William Wirt, of Maryland, for President, and Louisiana, 6;. Pennsylvania, 80; Maryland, 7; New

Jersey, 8; Mississippi, 4; Rhode Island, 4; Maine, 10; Amos Ellmaker, of Pennsylvania, for Vice-Pre. Massachusetts, 14; Delaware, 3; New-Hampshire, 7; sident. The convention was attended by 112 de- New-York, 42, Vermont, 7; Alabama, 1-Total, 208. legates from the States of Maine, New Hampshire, I. Por Richard M. Johnson: Illinois, 2; Indiana, 9;

Kentucky, 15—Total, 26. Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Con. For Philip P. Barbour: North Carolina, 6; Virginia, necticut, New York, New-Jersey, Pennsylvania, 28; Maryland, 8; South Carolina, 11 ; Alabama, ama Ohio, Indiana, Delaware and Maryland -only | Total, 49. Massachusetts, New-York and Pennsylvania Mr. Van Buren, having received more than being fully represented. John C. Spencer, of|two-thirds of all the votes cast, was declared duly nominated as the candidate of the party, diate predecessor (J. Q. Adams) by Gen. Jack. for Vice-President.

son in his Inaugural Address, and adds : The Convention passed a resolution cordially the indecorum of this denunciation was hardly less concurring in the repeated nominations which glaring than its essential injustice, and can only be

e paralleled by that of the subsequent denunciation of the Gen. Jackson had received in various parts of

same Administration, on the same authority, to a foreign the country for reëlection as President.

government. Mr. Archer, of Virginia, from the committee Exception is taken to the indiscriminate reappointed to prepare an address to the people, I moval of all officers within the reach of the Pre. reported that

sident, who were not attached to his person or The committee, having interchanged opinions on the party. As illustrative of the extent to which subject submitted to them, and agreeing fully in the this political proscription was carried, it is stated principles and sentiments which they believe ought to be erabodied in an address of this description, if such an

that, within a month after the inauguration of address were to be made, nevertheless deem it advisa. General Jackson, more persons were removed ble under existing circumstances, to recommend the from office than during the whole 40 years that adoption of the following resolution :

had previously elapsed since the adoption of the Resolved, That it be recommended to the several delegations in this Convention, in place of a General Ad. Constitution. Fault is also found with the Address from this body to the people of the United States, ministration in its conduct of our foreign affairs. to make such explanations by address, report, or other.

Again the Address says: wise, to their respective constituents, of the object, proceedings and result of the meeting, as they may deem On the great subjects of internal policy, the course expedient.

of the President has been so inconsistent and vacillating,

that it is impossible for any party to place confidence in The result of this election was the choice of his character, or to consider him as a true and effective General Jackson, who received the electoral

friend. By a vowing his approbation of a judicious tariff,

at the same time recommending to Congress precisely the vote of the following States :

same policy which had been adopted as the best plan of Maine, 10; New-Hampshire, 7 ; New-York, 42; New

attack by the opponents of that measure; by admitting Jersey, 8; Pennsylvania, 80, Maryland, 8; Virginia,

the constitutionality and expediency of Internal Improve29; North Carolina, 15; Georgia, 11; Tennessee, 15

ments of a National character, and at the same moment Ohio, 21; Louisiana, 5; Mississippi, 4; Indiana,

negativing the most important bills of this description Illinois, 5 : Alabama, 7; Missouri, Total, 219.

which were presented to him by Congress, the President For Mr. Clay : Massachusetts, 14; Rhode Island,

has shown that he is either a secret enemy to the system, Connecticut, 8; Delaware, 3; Maryland, 5; Kentucky,

or that he is willing to sacrifice the most important ne16-Total, 49.

tional objects in a vain attempt to conciliate the conflictFor John Floyd, of Virginia : South Carolina, 11.

ing interests, or rather adverse party feeling and opinions For William Wirt, of Maryland: Vermont, T.

of different sections of the country, Mr. Van Buren received only 189 votes for.

Objection is taken to Gen. Jackson's war on Vice-President, Pennsylvania, which cast her

the United States Bank, and the necessity and vote for Jackson, having voted for William

usefulness of that institution are argued at conWilkins of that' State for Vice-President.

siderable length. The outrageous and inhuman John Sergeant, for Vice-President, received the

treatment of the Cherokee Indians by the State same vote as Mr. Clay for President. South

of Georgia, and the failure of the National Ad. Carolina voted for Henry Lee of Massachusetts,

ministration to protect them in their rights, for Vice-President.

acquired by treaty with the United States, is also the subject of animadversion in the


A resolve was adopted, recommending to the

young men of the National Republican Party to 1831.

hold a Convention in the city of Washington on The National Republicans met in convention the following May. at Baltimore, Dec. 12, 1831. Seventeen States Such a Convention was accordingly held at and the District of Columbia were represented the Capital on the 11th of May, 1832, over by 157 delegates, who cast a unanimous vote which William Cost Johnson, of Maryland, prefor Henry Clay, of Kentucky, for President, and sided, and at which the following, among other John Sergeant, of Pennsylvania, for Vice-Pre- resolves, were adopted: sident. James Barbour, of Virginia, presided, Resolood, That an adequate Protection to American and the States represented were: Maine, New- Industry is indispensable to the prosperity of the coun. Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Cou

try; and that an abandonment of the policy at this

period would be attended with consequences ruinous to necticut, Vermont, New York, New Jersey,

the best interests of the Nation, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, | Resolved, That a uniform system of Internal ImproveNorth Carolina, Kentucky, Tennessee, Ohio,

ments, sustained and supported by the General Govern

ment, is calculated to secure, in the highest degree, the Louisiana and Indiana. The Convention adopted

harmony, the strength and the permanency of the Reno formal platform of principles, but issued an

public. Address, mainly devoted to a criticism on the

Resolved. That the indiscriminate removal of public

officers, for a mere difference of political opinion, is a Administration of Gen. Jackson, asserting,

gross abuse of power; and that the doctrine lately among other things, that

boldly preached in the United States Senate, that “to the

victorg belong the spoils of the vanquished," is detriThe political history of the Union for the last three mental to the interest, corrupting to the morals, and years exhibits a series of measures plainly dictated in all dangerous to the liberties of the people of this countheir principal features by blind cupidity or vindictive try. party spirit, marked throughout by a disregard of good policy, justice, and every high and generous sentiment, and, terminating in a dissolution of the Cabinet under

DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL CONVENTION, circumstances more discreditable than any of the kind to be met with in the annals of the civilized world.

1835. The address alludes to the charge of incapa- In May, 1835, a National Convention repre. city and corruption leveled against his imme- senting twenty-one States, assembled at Balti

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