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him from too painful an Attention to the principal SubSject, and by leading him into other agreeable Images. • Homer, says he, excelled in this particular, whose Com
parisons abound with such Images of Nature as are pro. per to relieve and diversify his Subjects. He continually • instructs the Reader, and makes him take notice, even ' in Objects which are every Day before our Eyes, of such • Circumstances as we should not otherwise have observed. To this he adds, as a Maxim universally acknowledged, " That it is not necessary in Poetry for the Points of the • Comparison to correspond with one another exactly,
but that a general Resemblance is sufficient, and that s too much Nicety in this particular favours of the Rhe• torician and Epigrammatist.
IN short, if we look into the Conduct of Homer, Virgil and Milton, as the great Fable is the Soul of each Poem, fo to give their Works an agreeable Variety, their Episodes are fo many short Fables, and their Similes so many short Episodes; to which you may add if you please, that their Metaphors are so many short Similes. If the Reader considers the Comparisons in the first Book of Milton, of the Sun in an Eclipse, of the Sleeping Levia. than, of the Bces swarming about their Hive, of the Fairy Dance, in the View wherein I have here placed them, he will easily discover the great Beauties that are in each of those Passages.
N° 304. Monday, February 18.
Vulnus alit venis & cæco carpitur igni. Virg. THE Circumftances of my Corespondent, whose 1 Letter I now insert, are so frequent, that I cannot
want Compassion so much as to forbear laying it before the Town. There is something so mean and inhuman in a direct Smithfield Bargain for Children, that if this Lover carries his Point, and observes the Rules he pretend's to follow, I do not only with him Success,
but but also that it may animate others to follow his Example. I know not one Motive relating to this Life which would produce so may honourable and worthy Actions, as the liores of obtaining a Woman of Merit: There would ten thousand Ways of Industry and honest Ambition be parsued by young Men, who believed that the Persons admired had Value enough for their Passion to attend the Event of their good Fortune in all their Applications, in order to make their Circumstances fall in with the Duties they owe to themselves, their Families and their Country ; All these Relations a Man should think of who intends to go into the State of Marriage ; and expects to make it a State of Pleasure and Satisfaction.
Mr. SPECTATOR, • T Have for some Years indulged a Passion for a young ' Lady of Age and Quality suitable to my own, but • very much superior in Fortune. It is the Fashion with ' Parents (how justly I leave you to judge) to make all • Regards give way to the Article of Wealth. From this * one Confideration it is that I have concealed the ardent "Love I have for her ; but I am beholden to the Force " of my Love for many Advantages which I reaped from ' it towards the better Conduct of my Life. A certain • Complacency to all the World, a strong Defire to ob• lige where ever it lay in my Rower, and a cireumspect * Behaviour in all my Words and Actions, have rendered * me more particularly acceptable to all my Friends and ' Acquaintance. Love has had the same good Effect up. ' on my Fortune ; and I have increased in Riches in pro• portion to my Advancement in thoe Arts which make ' a Nian agreeable and amiable. There is a certain Sym• pathy which will tell my Mistress from these Circuma, 'itances, that it is I who writ this for her Reading, if
you will please to insert it. There is not a downright • Enmity, but a great Coldness between our Parents ; in " that is either of us declared any kind Sentiments for
each other, her Friends would be very backward to lay an Obligation upon our Family, and mine to receive it
from hers. Under these delicate Circumstances it is no "easy Matter to act with Safety. I have no Reason to fancy my Mistress has any Regard for me, but from a
? very disintereted Value which I have for her. If front s any Hint in any future Paper of yours she gives me the
least Encouragement, I doubt not but I shall surmount
all other Difficulties ; and inspir'd by so noble a Motive * for the Care of my Fortune, as the Belief she is to be ' concerned in it, I will not despair of receiving her ons ' Day from her Father's own Hand.
I am, SIR,
To his Worship the SPECTATOR. The humble Petition of Antony Title-Pace, Stationer, in
the Centre of Lincolns-Inn-Fields, Sheweils, THAT Your Petitioner and his Fore-fathers have
I been Sellers of Books for Time immemorial ; That yourPetitioner’s Ancestor, Crouch-backTitle-Page, was the first of that Vocation in Britain ; who keeping his Station (in fair Weather at the Corner of Lothbury, was by way of Eminency called the Stationer, a Name which from him all succeeding Booksellers have affected to bear : That the Station of your Petitioner and his Father has bcen in the Place of his present Settlement ever since that Square has been built : That your Petitioner has formerly had the Honour of your Worship’s Custom, and hopes you never had reason to complain of your Penny-worths ; that particularly he fold you your first Lilly's Grammar, and at the same time a Wits Commonivealth almost as good as new : Moreover, that your first rudimental Elays in Spectatorship were made in your. Petitioner's Shop, where you often practis’d for Hours together, sometimes on his Books upon the Rails, sometimes on the little Hieroglyphicks either gilt, filvered, or plain, which the Egyptian Woman on the other side of the Shop, had wrought in Ginger-bread, and sometimes on the English Youth, who in sundry Places there were exercising themselves in the traditional Sports of the Field.
FROM these Confiderations it is, that your Petitioner is encouraged to apply himself to you, and to proceed
humbly to acquaint your Worship, That he has certain Intelligence that you receive great Numbers of defamatory Letters designed by their Authors to be published, which you throw aside and totally neglect: Your Petitioner therefore prays, that you will please to bestow on him those refuse Letters, and he hopes by printing them to get a more plentiful Provision for his Family, or at the worst, he may be allowed to sell them by the Pound Weight to his good Customers the Pastry-Cooks of London and Westminster.
And your Petitioner shall ever pray, &c.
Ta the SPECT A TOR. The humble Petition of Bartholomew Ladylove, of Rounds
Court in the Parish of St. Martins in the Fields, in Bea half of himself and Neighbours.
Sheweth, THAT your Petitioners have with great Industry and
1 Application arrived at the most exact Art of Invitation or Intreaty : That by a beseeching Air and persua. five Address, they have for many Years last past peaceably drawn in every tenth Passenger, whether they intended or not to call at their Shops, to come in and buy ; and from that Softness of Behaviour, have arrived among Tradesmen at the gentle Appellation of the Fawners.
THAT there have of late set up amongst us certain Persons of Monmouth-sireet and Long-lane, who by the Strength of their Arms, and Loudness of their Throats, draw off the Regard of all Passengers from your faid Petitioners ; from which Violence they are distinguished by the Name of the Worriers. · THAT while your Petitioners stand ready to receive Passengers with a submissive Bow, and repeat with a gentle Voice, Ladies, what do you want? pray look in here ; the Worriers reach out their Hands at Pistol-shot, and seize the Customers at Arms Length.
THAT while the Fawners ftrain and relax the Muscles of their Faces in making Distinction betweeh a Spinster in a coloured Scarf and an Hand-maid in a Straw-hat, the Worriers use the fame Roughness to both, and prevail up
on the Easiness of the Passengers, to the Impoverishment of your Petitioners.
YOUR Petitioners therefore most humbly pray, thật the Worriers may not be permitted to inhabit the politer. Parts of the Town; and that Round-Court may remain a. Receptacle for Buyers of a more soft Education. .
And your Petitioners, &c.
THE Petition of the New-Exchange, concerning the Arts of Buying and Selling, and particularly valuing Goods by the Complexion of the Seller, will be considered on another Occasion.
No 305. Tuesday, February 19.
Non tali auxilio, nec defenforibus iftis
UR late News-papers being full of the Project now
on foot in the Court of France, for establishing a
Political Academy, and I my self having received Letters from several Virtuofo's among my Foreign Correspondents, which give some light into that Affair, I intend to make it the Subject of this Day's Speculation. A general Account of this project may be met with in the Daily Courant of last Friday in the following Words, translated from the Gazette of Amsterdam.
Paris, February 12. " 'Tis confirmed that the King • has resolved to establish a new Academy for Politicks,
of which the Marquis de Torcy, Minister and Secretary ¢ of State, is to be Protector. Six Academicians are to • be chosen, endowed with proper Talents, for beginning • to form this Academy, into which no Person is to be • admitted under twenty five years of Age: They must ' likewise have each an Estate of two thousand Livres a • Year, either in Poffefsion, or to come to 'em by Inheritance. The King will allow to each a Pension of a