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as consideration for the recovery of the horse, and knew that thereby he had saved the remaining seventy-five per cent. from falling on his own shoulders: the owner of the horse would also be pleased, and so would all his honest neighbours, for they would say to each other—“So, neighbour, such an one has got his horse again;" and they would smile or laugh according to their tempers; in short all would be pleased but the thief, and if they did not hang him he would have more cause to be pleased than any of them, and would not be half so likely to steal another as if he had got well off with that.
As every offence entered at the court of record would go to the reduction of the salary of the police-officer, it should be kept by a man of undoubted integrity, and all persons having been robbed or otherwise injured, should have free access to the article relating to his case immediately it was entered, and once afterwards if desired; he should also immediately confer with the police-officers, to give any further explanation that might afford a clue to the detection.
It might be better not to have any unpaid magistrates; the notions of independence of some of them are so productive of conceits and pride, that although they do considerable good, it is to some not clear but that they do more harm by keeping more efficient men out of office.
Every offence should be recorded at the examination, with the names and addresses of prosecutor, witnesses, &c. yet no bar to calling other witnesses or evidence.
Care should be taken to state the naked truth, without any extraneous matter, as to value of weapons, value or sexes of animals, whether alive or dead, as to which hand committed the offence, or very generally as to the probable motive of the offender, and most carefully abstaining from all lies, which are now introduced into perhaps every indictment; is this agreeable to the dignity of the courts? If courts are held in the infernal regions, such practices doubtless there prevail, but we should strive not to be like unto them. Identity through every stage to be considered as belonging to the individual and not
to his name, though the latter is useful as
As detection should as speedily as possible
measures calculated honestly to produce these effects would raise the country exceedingly in the scale of comfort, happiness, and respectability. As to pecuniary distress for want of profitable employment, if employment were doubled, with crime and profligacy doubled also, the distress would be increased, there would be more destitution, more misery: so if our rulers cannot lead us into, or allow us an inlet into more trade, yet if they will place our penal code on the basis of common sense, and thereby reduce the quantum of dissolute habits, they will do more towards the comfort and respectability of the nation.
All the real crimes, recognized as such by the present laws of England, might be placed in a few classes with a maximum and minimum punishment to each class, exhibiting considerable difference, so as to provide for such degrees of severity as to reach hacknied malignity on the one hand, and on the other provide for the degree of mercy which is unquestionably demanded in cases of occasional sudden temptation of youth, and recent uprightness of character.
On conviction, the jury would have to say
appears a manifest necessity for