« ZurückWeiter »
9. THE NAMES OF THE DAYS OF THE WEEK.
Nomina quae septem cujusque adjuncta diebus
230 Tertius insequitur rutilo Mars sidere fulgens.
NOTES ON PART I.
[The Numbers I. and II. standing alone refer to Parts I. (Hexameters and Pentameters) and II. (Eclogae Ovidianae) of the text. The word Dict. indicates Dr. Smith's "Smaller Latin Dictionary," and the numbers indicate the portion of each article in the Dictionary to which the pupil should refer.]
2. NOTES ON MORAL
1. tuus, "thine own."
2. noli probare, "do not approve :" the Latins often use noli with an inf. in phrases of forbidding and warning.— homines blando sermone, abl, of the quality.-probare (aliquem), " to think well of any one, ," "to approve him."
3. arbitrii non est nostri, "does not depend upon ourselves;" but literally?
4. vita aliena, "the life of others." 7. noli referre, "do not repeat" to others, or "recount" to yourself. 8. cum, 66 even though."
10. Construe occasio est fronte capillatā, (adv. "behind," i.e. "on the back of the head") est calva. 11. litus carpere remis, "to row along the coast;" but literally ?-in altum, to the high sea," or " to the deep."
12. mage, an old form of magis.— puppis, the part for the whole (Synecdoche.)
5. reverentia, “regard, consideration."-paras, "thou purposest."-ne contempseris; prohibitions in the 2nd person are more frequently expressed by the Perf. Subj., which is then translated by the Present: the same might be expressed by noli with Inf. Pres. : noli contemnere. - tibi peccaturo, "when thou art on the point of sinning." -limina, plur. used for sing.
6. Construe Qui non defend. abs. amicum, qui (eum) rodit.-non visa, "that which he has not seen."-niger, "black" with respect to character.
[Our word blackguard is possibly a corruption of "black-ard;" compare "cow-ard," "dull-ard," "slug-gard."] 7. Construe retinent fideliter. 8. peractum est," is accomplished," "Stands complete."
9. quisque, after a superlative, denotes that the quality expressed by the adjective applies to each individual, or in each particular case: translate "al
ways or "exactly."
opposition to the turmoil of the town.vivi, here, "natural," as opposed to artificial.-tempe (from the Gr. Téμπη neut. plur.), lit. a charming valley in Thessaly; then any lovely and shady dale. somni, the Latins, and especially the poets, use the plur. for the sing. in many words where the idea is applicable to several persons, or in various manifestations, or in repeated instances.
23. This is an invitation to pay a visit in the country. Hic, adv.super, i. e. on a bed composed of, &c.lac pressum, i. e. fresh cheese.-culmina," the tops," where the smoking chimneys betoken the preparation of
21. parva formica sit ("may serve"), exemplo magni laboris.-futuri applies to ignara as well as to incauta.
22. Construe O nimium fortunatos agricolas.-si, "if only."-ipsa = sua sponte.-justissima, because she repays, with interest, that which was intrusted to her. The superlative may here be translated by "very" or 66 all," ""the all-righteous earth."-facilem, "easily earned."-His, supply est or sunt.nescia fallere, poetically for fallendi. -latis fundis, the poets often use the abl. without a prep. to express the place "where."-otia, leisure," in
24. pasta, "having made a good meal."-repetes, the fut. has here the force of an imper. mood: cf. 3, 9. permittes.-cavus, here a substantive, having much the same meaning as rima.
4. NOTES ON ELEGIAC VERSES.
1. Artes, "the arts and sciences." -pectora, "the hearts (of men)," or "the heart."
2. tractabilis arte, "susceptible of," -but literally ?-habet odio, (dat.) the same as odit.
3. difficilis, here, "unfavourable."formam, "beauty."-repende, "compensate.' Dict. rependo, II. 2.
4. non mortale, "imperishable."exceptis, lit." excepted," but in English," excepting."
5. Acer, the subject-nominative, here, and in many other instances, is to be found in the Pentameter.- palmae honores, "the reward of victory" in the public games.-per se = sua sponte.
7. in magnis," in great things."et, "even."
9. Fac is sometimes added to the subjunctive in exhortations, and gives emphasis to the phrase: nec sometimes stands for neve.-te differ, "amuse thyself with promises." Dict. differo, II. 3.-Construe qui non est hodie aptus, cras minus erit.
15. tendit, "raises itself."-With inferius supply deo in the abl.
16. omnia hominum oinnes res humanae.
17. levitas, "fickleness, inconstancy."
18. quam-quae, the relative here denotes of such a kind that," hence followed by the subjunctive.
19. luxuriant, "run riot :" Dict. luxurio.-rebus secundis as tranquillis rebus, 2, 17.-aequa mente may be translated by one word.
21. mactato, "offered in sacrifice:" Dict. macto, II. 1.-et as in et voluisse, 4, 7.
22. intra pectora, the poets occasionally use the plur. for sing. objects. -pro, "in accordance with." The form que que, frequently occurring in the poets, is generally to be rendered by the simple conjunction: as hope and fear."
23. bene latuit, "has kept himself in happy retirement." Fortunam suam, "the lot assigned to him."
24. Non ideo, "not for this reason,' 01* not on that account."-debet, the subject-nominative is cymba.-Con
26. Quid fuit, ut, "what was the reason that," " why was that."tutas, see prona, 3, 18.-signet (as well as agitaret) depends upon ut: the present tense is used, because the effect still remains.-alte, see the note on longa, I. 29.-non suas, which did not naturally belong to them, "borrowed." - contrahe vela propositi, i. e. restrain the course of your enterprises. The metaphor is borrowed from a ship carrying too much sail. 27. Tabida, consuming."
30. Quem taurum metuis for taurum quem metuis. Similarly, sub qua arbore for arbor sub qua. The substantive to which the relative refers, is often attached to the relative, and partakes of its construction.-vitulum,
as a calf."-Nascitur, the subjectnominative is found in the Pentameter, cf. 4, 5.-Construe et accipit multas aquas, qua (adv.) venit.
32. Machaon, a surgeon in the Greek army, during the Trojan war.dubius, "in danger."
33. Construe ars medicina est temporis, is a thing dependent upon time, i. e. the remedies are useful or injurious, according to the time at which they are administered.-fere, "usually, for the most part."-Construe data vina.
34. est in medico, "it depends upon the physician."
35. perfer, "bear patiently." 36. redimere, here, "to preserve;" but literally?-ferrum et ignes, when the wounds are cut or burnt out. The ancient surgery abounded in barbarous practice.-nec (as also, et, sed, nam) is often placed by the poets after another word in the clause; cf. 44.-ora, see pectora, 4, 22.-valere, here, "to be healthy."-negare, "to refuse."