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POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES.

CENSUS, 1870.

States.
Alabama.
Arkansas
California
Connecticut.
Delaware
Florida
Georgia
Illinois.
Indiana ...
Iowa.
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine.
Maryland
Massachusetts.
Michigan..
Minnesota..
Mississippi.
Missouri

Population. States.

996,988 Nebraska
483,179 Nevada ..
560,285 New Hampshire
537.418 New Jersey..
125,015 New York

187,751 North Carolina.
.1,195,077 Ohio
. 2,539,638 Oregon.
.1,673,941 Pennsylvania
1,191,720 Riode Island.

362,872 South Carolina.
.1,321,001 Tennessee.

727,050 Texas.
626,463 Vermont

780,894 Virginia
.1,457,351 West Virginia.
.1.184,296 Wisconsin

435,511

834,170 Total of States... ..1,717,258

Population.

123,000

42,491 318,300

905,794 4,352,834 .1,069,401 .2,662,333

90,922 .3,519,601

217,356

728,000 1,258,288 797,500

330,552 ..1,224,947

442,032 ..1,055,167

.38,086,396

Districts and Territories.

District of Columbia...
Arizona.
Colorado
Dakotah..
Idaho
Montana
New Mexico
Utah
Washington.
Wyoming

Total...
Total States

Population.
131,706

9,658
39,706
14,181
14,998
20,594
91,852
86,786
23,901
9,118

442,500 .38,086,396 .38,528,896

Total United States..

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3,172,464 4,304,489 5,862,004 7,861,937 10,537,378 14,195,695 19,553,068 26,957,471

59,466 108,395 186,446 238,156 319,599 386,3031 434,495 532,090 697,897 893,041 1,191,364 1,538,038 2,009,043 2,487,455 3,204,313 3,953,760

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3,929,827 5,305,925 7,239,814 9,638,131 12,866,020 17,069,453 23,191,876 31,443,321,38,528,896

Area of the United States, including Alaska, nearly four million square miles.

THE TWENTY MOST POPULOUS CITIES IN THE UNITED

STATES.

1870. .922,531

...:674,022

No. Cities.
1. New York..
2. Philadelphia..
3. Brooklyn
4. St. Louis....
5. Chicago
6. Baltimore..
7. Boston
8. Cincinnati.
9. New Orleans.
10. San Francisco...
11. Buffalo.....
12. Washington
13. Newark.
14. Louisville
15. Cleveland.
16. Pittsburg.
17. Jersey City.
18. Detroit
19. Milwaukie...
20. Albany

.306,300 .310,864 .293,983 . 267,354 . 230,526 .216,239 .191,322 .149,482 .117,715 .109,204 . 105,078 . 100,753

92,846 86,235 81,744 79,580 71,499 69,422

1860. 805,658 565,529 206,661 160,773 109,200 212,411 177,840 161,044 168,675 56,802 81,129 61,122 71,941 68,033 43,417 49,217 29,226 45,619 45,246 62,367

Per Cent.

14.6 19.2 49.7 93.4 173.7 25.9 40.9 34.3 13.5 163.2 45.1 78.8 46.1 48.1 113.9

75.3 179.7 74.5 58,1 11.4

IMMIGRATION.

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From Ireland to America, from May, 1847, to January, 1869, 1,597,805 66 Germany

1,536,649 England

498,578 Scotland

100,595 France

74,405 Switzerland

62,608 All other countries

168,351 Total, 4,038,991

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THIRTEENTH, FOURTEENTH, AND FIFTEENTH AMEND.

MENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION OF THE

UNITED STATES.

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1865. - ARTICLE XIII., Section 1. – Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.

Sect. 2. - Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

1868. - ARTICLE XIV., Section 1.- All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States, and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or euforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, with'out due process of law, nor deny to any person within its jurisdic. tion the equal protection of the laws.

. Sect. 2. - Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed. But when the right to vote at any election for the choice of electors for President and Vice-President of the United States, representatives in Congress, the executive and judicial officers of a State, or the members of the legislature thereof, is denied to any of the male inhabitants of such Statc, being twenty-one years of age, and citi. zens of the United States, or in any way abridged, except for participation in rebellion or other crime, the basis of representation tberein shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male citizens

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twenty-one years of age in such State.

Sect. 3. — No person shall be a sepator or representative in Congress, or elector of President and Vice-President, or hold any oflice, civil or military, under the United States, or under any State, who, having previously taken an oath as a member of Congress, or as an officer of the United States, or as a member of any State legis. lature, or as an executive or judicial officer of any State, to support the Constitution of the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the enemies thereof. But Congress may, by a vote of two-thirds of each House, remove such disability.

Sect. 4 – The validity of the public debt of the United States, authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned. But neither the United States, nor any State, shall assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebellion against the United States, or any claim for the loss or emancipation of any slave; but all such debts, obligations, and claims, shall be held illegal and void.

Sect. 5. - That Congress shall have power to enforce by appropriate legislation the provisions of this article.

1870. — ARTICLE XV., Section 1. –The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States, or by any State, on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.

Sect. 2. — Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

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