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& Jussit is construed before naves longas.

Magno usui nostris of great use to our men. Two datives

Sum cum multis aliis." i Qui the man who. j Desilite leap down. De and salio. a Pugnatum est the battle was fought. b Vadis abl. from vadum. Insulam capere to reach the island. a Polliciti sunt se daturos esse obsides. e Contulerunt culpam they laid the blame. f Ut ignoscerentur that it might be pardoned, or that

pardon might be extended to them. Impersonal verb. & Questus having complained, from queror. a Quum ventum est after he had arrived. to Propius nearer, adverb from prope a prep. and governs

the accus. occasum. Occasum solis the setting of the sun,

or the west. Itu uno tempore æstus complebat et longas naves, 8c. a Magna perturbatio totius exercitus facta est, id quod fc, Id

quod being the very thing which. • Constabat omnibus ( nos ) oportere hiemare. Constabat it was

evident: verb impers. from consto.
a Qui convenerant post prælia ad ea facienda.
b Hoc abl. on this account.
c Optimum &c. thought it was best to be done. Factu

supine in u from facio, after the adj. optimum. “ Supinum
in u passive significat.
Suspicabatur id fore suspected that that would take
place. Fore fut. infin. from sum after the accus. id

Verba infinitivi modi.
Frumentatum to forage, supine in un after missa.
f Ventituret was going and coming.
& Aliquid novi consilii initum (esse) that some new design

was formed. a Ægre sustinere endured it with difficulty. b Tum subito adorti dispersos, (et) depositis armis, occupatos

in metendo, then having suddenly attacked those who
were dispersed (and) who, having laid aside their arms

were busy in mowing.
Expeditum receptum an easy retreat.





Præstant they perform. e Consueverint in declivi, &c. consueverint from consuesco. f Arbitratus tempus esse alienum unfit, ad lacessendum hostem. a Et demonstraverunt quanta facultas how fair an oppor

tunity, b Expulisset, expello. Etsi videbat idem (negotium) fore. a In acie in battle array. Hiemi navigationem subjiciendam that sailing was to be

subjected to (the perils of) winter. Some read, hiemis navigationem subeundam that a winter's voyage was to be

undertaken. f Delatæ sunt were carried down. Deferor. $ Circiter, see 25,g. k Pacatos reliquerat had left in a state of peace. * Non ita magno numero with vo very great number, ac jusserunt (nostros) si nollent sese interfici, ponere arma. And ordered our men, if they did not wish to be killed,

to lay down their arms. a Non haberent, quo se reciperent they had no place, to which

they might retreat. b Omnium legionum hiberna the winter quarters of all the

legions. c Supplicatio a public rejoicing or thanksgiving. & Coss. for consulibus, abl. absolute, put in apposition to

Lucio Dom. and Ap. Claudio. e Uti curarent naves, quum plurimas possent, as many as pos

sible, ædificandas esse hieme, &c. f Uti consuevimus than those which we were accustomed

to use in our sea. & Ad (transportanda) onera et ad transportandam multitudinem jumentorum (facit naves) paullo latiores, a little broader.

Latus, ior, issimus. a Quam ad rem to which end their lowness contributes

much. b Qui doceant for the purpose of informing him. “Qui

causam significans.c Litem æstiment to estimate the damages. el Citeriorem Galliam that part of Gaul, which was cis Alpes

on this side of the Alps with respect to Italy. Citerior derived from cis citra on this side. Many prepositions


33 have the form of comparison, as Pra, prior, primus;

citra, citerior, citimus: Ultra, ulterior, ultimus: post, poste

rior, postremus, &c. See 28, b. Neque multum abesse ab eo neither were they far from

being in such a condition, quin but that. | Huic rei for this thing, he leaves, wbat appeared to be

satis militum a sufficient number of soldiers.

Militum gen. after satis.Quantitatis, ut parum, satis." 6 Sollicitare to be soliciting to their assistance.

Longe plurimum valet is by far the most powerful. 34 a Instituit cogere determined to collect.

b Civitati consulere to provide for the welfare of the state: c Propter imprudentiam laberetur should fail in their duty

by reason of their rashness.

Ejus fidei to his (Cæsar's) authority. e Nihilo tamen secius convocatis having however neverthe

less called together. Nihilo abl. Tanto quanto hoc eo et

quo.” 35 a Quod, &c. which when he understood to be done by

himself merito ejas (Cingetorigis) in his favour.
b Id tulit factum graviter endured that deed with great

difficulty, or very grudginglý.
© Minui inf. pass. from minuo.
d Cognovit he learns.
Rerum novarum of new things, of a revolution.
i Accedebat huc, quod in addition to all this.

s Religionibus by his religious concerns or scruples. 36 a Non sine causa fieri that it was not without reason.

Fidem interponere (cæpit) to propose allegiance. . Tantum dignitatis tribuebat be set so much honour upon,

or store b.y.
& Prospiciendum that he should take care.
e Arbitratus hunc facturum esse, pro sano for good.

f Liberum se that he was free. 37 a Pari numero quem with an equal number to that which.

b Quas, 8c. which every one bad made for the sake of his

own advantage. 38 a Domestici belli of a civil war.

b Testudine factâ having made a tortoise, that is, having

closed their shields together over their heads. <Tempus relinqui munitioni castrorum.

16 Laus

38 d Relique (naves) those that remained.
39 a Summa the chief concern.

b Continentia bella continual wars.
c Natos from nascor. Quos dicunt, proditum memoria that it

has been delivered by tradition natos to have been born. d Materia cujusque generis materials for building of all

kinds. e See 23, f. f Alter angulus one corner: perhaps it was originally altior

the higher or more northerly. a Cursu passage. b Certis mensuris by certain computations. © Septentrionem. See 23, a. d Aspectu to be looked upon. Supine in u after horribiliores. e Promisso capillo men with long hair: capillo abl.

vituperium vel qualitas." * A quibus by whom,

8 Ut although. 41 b Cupidius too eagerly, adverb, compar, degree, from

cupidè. .Intermisso spatio having desisted awhile, or after a short

d Subsidio to their help.
e Submissis being sent, or coming down.
f Minus aptos unfit, not a match.
& Equites (nostros,) accus. before dimicare.
b Et cedentibus et insequentibus both to those who fled, and ·

those who pursued. Dat. after inferebat.
i Alios alii exciperent some took the place of others.

j Lentius compar. adverb from lentè. 42 a Though they stood out, or appeared above the water

by their heads only.

b Servabat was observing. 43 a Tantum noceretur-quantum as much injury was ipflicted

a Sed yet.


b Fidem secutus relying upon the faithfulness.
c Qui præsit. Illum ( Mandubiatium) the antecedent.
< Silvas impeditas unpassable woods.


44 a Multum æstatis much of the summer.

lo Duobus coirmeatibus in two voyages.
a Hannibalem tanto that Hannibal as much.
b Cum eo, cum populo Romuno.
Ille ( Hannibal) discessit.
d Quod nisi and if he had not. Domi gen. " Hi genitivi,

humi, domi."

e Odium paternum velut relictum as if left. 45 | Alienarum &c. stood in need of foreign aid. Opum gen.

after indigerit. " Ex quibus quædam,
& Destiterit animo desisted from the intention.
h Italiæ into Italy. - Dativum ferme regunt.”
i To pry into his intention. “ Qui cuusam."

j Darentque operam and to endeavour.
46 a In suspicionem regi into suspicion with the king.

Alia atque antea sentire thought differently from what he

did formerly.
e Ab interioribus consiliis from his more secret counsel.
« Tempore duto at a given opportunity.
Puerulo me when I was a little boy.
f Quæsivit from quæro.
$ Ne instead of ut non.

Fidem dederis, dare fidem to promise. Fut, subj. from do.
Ego ita conservavi id jusjurandum.
* Dubium agrees with negotium, which is the nom. to

debeat ,
1 Sim futurus I am about to be, or I shall be.

Si me celaris, negotium understood. If you shall conceal
the business from me. Two accusatives after the verb.

Verba rogandi.Celâris for celaveris.
* Suffecto being chosen.
a agrees with viâ, or parte understood.
b Pepulerat from pello.
c Decernit contends. “ Cerno crevi," " vi fit tum.
d Manum conserere to fight: “ quod serui melius.
e Dextro, oculo understood, abl. after usus est. Fungor,
fruor, utor."

Saltus acc. plur. after occupantem.
: Obviam venire to come over against, to meet.

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