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prep. in: observe in when it signifies motion governs the accusative case. j Erat he was, in mundo in the world, et and mundus the

world factus est was made per eum by him. Obs. Sermo the word being the name of a person, and the subject of an action is more properly rendered by the English pronoun He, than it. Et and mundus the world non cognovit knew not eum him. Cognovit from cognosco, verb active, of the 3rd conjug. compounded of con and nosco;

Sco fit vi, vi fit tum;" that is, nosco makes novi in the preterperf. and novi begets notum for the supine. But under the “ supines of compound verbs” is fonnd “ A nosco tantum duo cognitum.Cognosco, cognoscis, cognovi, cognoscere, cognoscendi, cognoscendo, cognoscendum, cognitum, cognitu, cognoscens, cogniturus. Cognovit is the preterperf.

tense, 3 pers. sing. and agrees with its nom, mundus. * Venit he came in sua to his own (things) et and sui his

own people non acceperunt received not, or did not re-
ceive eum him. Venit agrees with its nom. ille he, under:
stood. Sua neuter plurat accus. agreeing with reguera
understood, (see obs. c) and governed by the prep. in.
Sui nom. plur. masculine from suus, pronoun adj. " At si
tres" agrees with homines understood, nom. to acceperunt.
Acceperunt from accipio, compounded of ad and capio, a
verb active of the 3rd conjug. “ Capio cepi," “ A capio
cepi captum.” In composition the first vowel of the pre-
sent tense and all its derivative tenses is changed into i.
The preterperfect and all its derivatives remain un-
changed ; “ Et capio jacio :" in the supines however,
the a in captum is changed in composition into e. The
rule for which under the “ supines of componnđ verbs,
is Hæc captum 8c. a per e mutant." Accipio, accipis, acce-
pi, accipere, accipiendi, endo, endum, acceptum, acceptu, acci-
piens, accepturus. Acceperunt is the indic. mood, preter,
perfect tense, 3 per. plur. agreeing with its nom. sui
Autem but quicunque whosoever acceperunt received eum
him, dedit he gave iis to them eam potestatem that power,
ut that fierent they should become filii the sons Dei of
God (iis to them) habentibus having fidem faith ejus nomini
in his name. Quicunque compound of the relative qui,

like which it is declined, with the termination cunque ; nom. plural, agreeing with homines understood, to the verb acceperunt. Iis dative plural from is, governed by dedit; Verba dandi." Potestas noun sub. of the 3rd decl. feminine: “ Syllaba acuta sonat.Potestatem accus. after dedit; Verba transitiva.Dedit from do, verb act. of the first conjug. Do dus rite dedi ;atque dedi quod jure datum poscit:" Do, das, dedi, dare, dandi, dando, dandum, datum, datu, dans, daturus. Dedit is the indic. mood preterperf. tense, 3 per. sing. and agrees with its nom. case ille understood. Dei gen. sing. latter of two substantives, of which filii is the former;" - Quum duo substantiva." Filii from filius masculine of the 2nd decl. In os vel us;" making fili in the vocative sing. filii nom. plur. after the verb fierent, (see 7 in the rules for construing) Verba substantiva.Fierent poten, mood, preterimperf, from fio, agrees with its nom. illi under. stood. Fides a noun sub. of the 5th decl. feminine, being an exception to nouns increasing short, “ Grando, fides ;" fidem accus. after the participle habentibus; Participia regunt casus." Habentibus from habens, participle of the present tense of habeo, verb active of the 2nd conjugation; “Es in præsenti;' quod dat ui dat itum.Habeo, habes, habui, habere, habendi, habendo, habendum, habitum, habitu, hubens, habiturus. Habens declined like felix, makes habentibus in the dat. plural to agree with iis (hominibus) “ Adjectiva participia.Ejus gen. sing. from is, latter of two substantives of which nomini is the former, “ Quum duo substantiva.Nomini from nomen a noun sub. of the 3rd decl. neuter; “ en ut omen." Nomini is the dative governed by habentibus, as if it

were, giving credit to his name; “ Verba Qui who geniti sunt were born non not ex sanguine of

blood, nec nor ex voluntate of the will carnis of flesh, nec nor ex voluntate of the will viri of man, sed but ex Deo of God. Qui pron. relative, nom. plur. masculine, agreeing with its antecedent, iis (hominibus ;) Relati. vum cum antecedente," and is the nom. case to the verb geniti sunt. Sunguine from sanguis a noun sub. of the 3rd decl, masculine; “sit gravis ;' ablative case sing, governed by ex. Voluntate from voluntas, a noun subst.


of the 3rd declension fem. Syllaba acuta sonat:” abl. sing. governed by ex. Carnis from caro noun sub. of the 3rd decl. feminine; “ Nomen non crescenso” gen. sing. latter of two substantives of which voluntate is the for

Quum duo substantiva." Viri from vir, noun subst. of the 2nd decl. masc. “ Sit gravis ;" gen. sing. latter of two substantives, of which voluntate is the former. Obs. Many learners find a difficulty in giving the rule for the gender of words of this kind. Vir is given as an exception to nouns increasing long, although the first syllable of its genitive is short. It may be necessary to mention, that the rules were originally formed according to the accents, and not quantity of the penultima of the increasing genitive. According to the system of accents, the penultima of viri being short, and the last long, (viri) the word is accented with the acute, víri. “In dissyllabá dictione, si prior longa fuerit natura, posterior brevis, prior circumflectitur, ut Lina, Músa. In cæteris acuitur, ut citus, látus, sólers. Under the first part of the above rule are included words like splen splenis, (splénis) though, as the parent of the Eton Grammar (Lily's) observes, “Quia hodie propter hominum imperitiam circumflexus ab acuto vix prolatione discernitur, Grammatici circumflexum cum acuto confuderunt.” Uoder the latter part of the former rule are included words like vir. They are both, therefore, just exceptions to the rule as originally framed. I suppose the English titles to the special rules were added in later years. Geniti sunt from gignor verb passive from gigno, of the 3rd conj. Gigno, pono, cano, genuiQuod dat ui dat étum''.

». • Verba in or:” that is, the supine of gigno being genitu, the preterperfect of the passive is genitus sum vel fui. Gignor, gigneris, vel ere, genitus sum vel fui, gigni, genitus, gignendus. Geniti sunt is the preterperfect

tense, 3 per. plur. and agrees with its nom. qui. * Et and sermo the word factus est was made caro flesh, et

and habitacit dwelt apud nos with us, plenus full gratiæ of grace que and veritatis of truth. Caro is here the nom. after factus est by 6 Verba substantiva.Gratiæ from gratia of the 1st decl. is the gen. governed by the adjective plenus ;

Adjectiva quæ ad copiam." Veritatis is


unus one.

coupled by the conjunction que to gratiæ; Conjunctiones copulatiuæ.Aspeximusque and we beheld ejus splendorem his splendour, ut as splendorem the splendour unigene of the only begotten à Patre by the Father. Ejus from is, ea, id, pron. adj. gen. sing. agreeing with hominis or more properly sermonis understood, as if it were, the splendour of that Word;" latter of two substantives, splendorem the former; “ Quum duo.” Que the conjunction being always joined to the end of words, even in construing should not be pronounced separately, but at the end of the first word that is construed in the sentence. Splendorem from splendor, noun sub. of the 3rd decl. masc. “ Mascula in er, or, et os;" acc. sing. governed by uspeximus : Verba transitiva." Unigenæ noun sub. of the 1st decl. common of two genders, under nouns not increasing; Composita a verbo dans a commune duorum est.Unigenu being compounded of gena, from gigno in the supine genitum, and of

Unigena is the gen. sing. after splendorem. Aspeximus from aspicio, compounded of ad and specio; it changes the first vowel of the present tense, and not of the preterperfect into i. “ Et capio, jacio, lacio, specio.

specio quoque spexi.” “ xi fit ctum.Aspicio, aspicis, aspexi, aspicere, aspiciendi, endo, endum, aspectum, aspectu, aspiciens, aspecturus. Aspicio, aspiciebam, aspexi, aspexeram, aspiciam, aspice aspicito, aspiciam, aspicerem, aspexerim, aspexissem, aspexero. Aspeximus is the indic. mood, preterperf. tense, 1 per. plu. agreeing with its nom. case nos understood; “ Verbum personale," and also, Nominativus pronominum raro."

Obs. In this manner let the learner parse every sentence, conjugating the verbs as in the example of aspeximus; the substantives at first through both numbers as also the adjectives, which should always be com. pared, if they admit of the degrees of comparison, remembering to give every rule both for the formation and government of the word. After some time nouns and adjectives need be only declined in the nom. and gen. cazes : and verbs may be parsed without re. peating the tenses. Thus will an intimacy with the grammatical termination of words be acquired, and

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one (perhaps the greatest) difficulty in learning Latin,

be surmounted. 4 a Miserunt sent, from mitto, dat mitto misi," “ misi for.

mabit missum,” indic. mood, pret. tense, 3 pers. plural, agreeing with its nom. Judæi. Hierosolyma noun sub. Ist decl. fem.“ Urbium ut Elis, Opus." Hierosolymâ, abl. governed by miserunt, Verbis significantibus motum

a loco." b Quærerent from quæro, 3rd conjug. “ Quæro quæsivi,"

vi fit tum.Quærerent is the subjunctive mood after qui; “ Qui causam significans.Qui quærerent who inquired, or for the purpose of inquiring, being the cause of their being sent. • Esset is also the subj. after quis, which has here an indefinite signification, quis esset, who, or what kind of a person he was. “ Omnes denique

voces indefinitè posita. d Confessus est from confiteor, verb dep. 2nd conjug. com

pounded of con and fateor, the rule under the “ Verba in or" being “ Fateor dat fessus." This word is omitted

under the verbs which change the first vowel into i. e Se that he non esse was not, se acc. before the infinitive

esse. Verba infinitivi modi frequenter" See also the last

rule in the third concord in the Accidence. f Inquiunt, verb defective: see the Accidence. & Et illi inquiunt ei, quis es. Quis who, is here used as an

interrogative, with the indic. mood. h Demus, potential mood, pres, tepse, 1 pers. plural from do.Do dus rite dedi," atque dedi quod jure datum ;" we may give. i Teipso yourself, compound of tu and ipse. Quid what,

from quis, quæ, quid, or quod, the rest like qui. j Clamantis (hominis understood) of a man crying out: participle from clamo, of the 1st conjug. “ As in piasenti,

." "vi fit tum.* Corrigite correct, or make straight, imper. mood, 2 per. plur. agreeing with its nom. vos understood. “Gofit xi," xi fit ctum," " sedeo, rego, frango &c." changes the 1st vowel into i. | Quemadmodum as, an adverb, as if ad quem modum after

wlich mayner.

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