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BE IT REMEMBERED, That on the Twentieth day of February, in the Thirty Third year of the Independence of the United States of America, A. D. 1809, WILLIAM DUANE of the said district, hath deposited in this oflice, the title of a Book, the right whereof he claims as proprietor, in the words following, to wit: “ The Works of Dr. Benjamin Franklin, in Philosophy, “ Politics, and Morals: containing, beside all the Writings published “ in former Collections, _his Diplomatic Correspondence, as minister of “the United States, at the Court of Versailles; a variety of Literary "Articles, and Epistolary Correspondence, never before published: “ with Memoirs and Anecdotes of his Life.”

In conformity to the Act of the Congress of the United States, inti tuled, “ An Act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts, and books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies during the times therein mentioned.” And also to the Act, entitled " an Act supplementary to an Act, entitled, ‘ an Act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts, and] books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies during‘ the times therein mentioned,’ and extending the benefits thereof to the arts of designing, engraving, and etching historical and other prints.”

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NOTES BY THE non‘or',

THIS volume contains an interesting review of the political and civil

history of Pennsylvania, during a period of‘ much interest to America in

general, and of transactions which‘ had mush influence on subsequent events of'a more comprehensive character and greater magnitude. The heirs of William Penn as proprietaries, had not preserved the entire confidence ol'the people; the governors sent hither by them from time .to time, appear to have aggravated the ill will whichv arose on the false economy of the government. After several years struggle, between the proprietary and the popular interests, it was determined by the representative assemhlygvin 1757, to apply to the king of Great Britain in council for relief‘; and a committee being appointed, a report was drawn up of their grievances, which is the first paper in the present volume.

Dr. Franklin was appointed the agent of‘ Pennsylvania, and directed topresent their complaint; For which purpose he departed for England in

‘ June ot‘the same year. He began his mission in England by endeavoring to

effect an amicable compromise with the proprietaries, in which he did not succeed. The business was then carried before the privy council. The public prints abounded with misrepresentations of the colonists; and two pamphlets on the same subject were published. Meanwhile Dr. Franklin published an anonymous book, entitled An .Historical Review of Pennsylvania, which forms the second article in this volume.

This Review attracted much attention, and made a very deep impression in favor of the Pennsylvanians, against whom many prejudices had been previously excited. Much asperity followed against its author, who,.th0ug he did not absolutely disavow it, thought it preferable to enjoy the secret satisfaction arising from its beneficial ell'ects, than to claim the literary honor that might attach to it. A writer who was a cotemporary, speaking of this Review, says Pennsylvania had in our author a most zealous and able advocate. His sentiments are manly, liberal, and spirited. His style close, nervous, and rhetorical. By a forcible display of‘ the oppressions of his clients, he inclines the reader to pity their condition; and by an enumeration of their virtues he endeavors to remove the idea, which many entertained of’ their unimportance, and that abstracted from their consideration in a political light, they claim our regard by reason of’ their own personal merits. ‘ ,

Attempts have been made to deny the venerable patriot the merit of‘ this like others of his more important works, because it was not claimed nor avowed; but it was enough that its object was accomplished; and it was not requisite to court that persecution which no men are so apt to resort to, asthose who are defeated in their-injustice, against men lg‘ whom their evil

ilesiglns are frustrated.

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