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An act for striking and issuing the sum of 40,000]. for the king’s use,
sent up to the governor V 303

His message concerning an attack to be apprehended from the Indians

about harvest-time £6.

The assembly’s answer 0 i6.

A bill to permit the exportation of provisions for the king’s service,
notwithstanding thevact of prohibition 304
The governor's evasive conduct with relation thereto 305
The assembly apprize him, July‘ 5, of their intention to adjourn till
August 9, and are told he has no objection ib.
Notwithstanding which, he re-assembles them a fortnight afterwards,
in the midst of their harvest, under the pretence of continuing the
prohibition-act i6.
Petition of the merchants in relation to the embargo 306
The assembly’s answer to the governor’s message 307
Another message to him concerning the preamble to the 40001- bill on
behalf of the proprietaries ' ib-

The governor’s answer 308

He sends down another preamble, which is not relished, refuses‘to

pass the excise-bill, and expunges the clause in the 40,000]. bill fhr/

taxing the proprietary estate a 309

His message concerning Indian affairs, and the expence of conduct-
312

Certain of the said instructions communicated

A short comment upon them. [For farther remarks see the appendix;

page 401.] '
A message to the governor "

Page Resolutions of the assembly, (after a protest against the instructions, and a salvofor their own rights to prepare a new bill I ‘ 331 A new bill prepared and passed 332 A brief apology for the conduct of the assembly on this occasion 333 A remonstrance voted \ 334Conclusion; with atestimonial of commodore Spry in behalf of the

assembly v 335 An appendix, containing sundry original papers relative to the several / points in controversy between the governors and assemblies of Pennsylvania, viz. ' 14 The representation of the assembly to the proprietaries, requesting them to bear a proportionable part of Indian expences 337 2. The proprietaries answer, and assembly’s remarks thereon 34-0 3. A message from governor Morris, containing his additional arguments to shew the unreasonableness of taxing the proprietary estate for its defence, and in support of the restrictions he was under

in that respect ' 352 4-. The assembly’s answer thereto . 360 5. The governor’s reply 376 6. The assemhly’s rejoinder 3'79

(Note, In the ahrrve jbur messages, great Part of the points in dispute between the proprietaries and people of the province are fl-Ill]! litigated; and the perusal of them is necessary to tho-re ‘who would have a thorough knowledge of the CUIZU‘WUCI'SJL] 7. The speaker of the Pennsylvanian assembly’s paper of authorities relating to the rights of the commons over money-bills; and in support of the 50,000l. hill passed by the assembly, so far as it relates to the taxing the proprietary estate within that province , 393

87 Report of a committee of assembly on the proprietary instructions relating to money~bills, clearly demonstrating, that though the proprietaries would at length appear to be willing to have their estates taxed in common with other estates, yet that were laws passed pursuant to these instructions much the greatest part of‘ their estate would be exempted, and that the sums necessary to be granted for his majesty’s service in that province could not possibly be raised thereby, 8:0. 8:0. o-A'paper of importance. 4_01

9. Mr. Thomas Penn’s estimate of the value of the proprietary estate in Pennsylvania, upwards of twenty years ago; with remarks thereon, shewing its prodigious increase since that time, the profits arising to the house of Penn from their Indian purchases, and huckstering' manner in which they dispose of lands to the king’s subjects in that proVince

10. A specimen of the anonymous abuses continually published against the inhabitants of Pennsylvania, by the proprietaries and their agents, with Mr. W‘. Franklin’s refutation thereof. 422

412

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INTRODUCT ION.

' - J TO obtain an infinite variety of purposes, by a few plain‘

principles, is the characteristic of nature. Astheleye is aii'ected, so is the understanding; ' objects at a distance strike us according to their dimensions, or the quantity of light thrown upon them; ‘near, according to their novelty or familiarity; as they are in motion or at rest. It is the same with actions. A battle is all metiona-a hero all glare; while such images are before us, we can attend to nothing else. Solon and Lycurgus would make no

figure in the same scene with the king of Prussia: and we are '

at present so lost in the military scramble on the continentinext us,‘ in which it must be confessed we are deeply interested, that we have scarce time to throw a glance towards America, Where we have also much at stake; and where, if any where, our ac; count must be made up at last.

We love to stare more than to reflect; and to be indolently' amused at our leisure, rather than commit the smallest trespass on our patience by winding a painful, tedious maze, which would pay us nothing but knowledge. ' \

But then, as there are some eyes which can find nothing marvellous, but what is msrvellously great, so there are others which are equally disposed to marvel at what is marvellously lit—

'tle;a|1d who can derive as much entertainment from their mi

in ascertainin .the a g

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croscope in examining a mite, as Dr.
geography of the moon, or measuring the tail of a comet.

Let this serve as an excuse for the author of these sheets, if he needs any, for bestowing them on the transactions of a colony, till of late hardly mentioned in our annals; in point of estab

‘This publication was made in London during the warythat begun in 1753, and the author, who always adapts himself to his situation, and dis

cernment enough to perceive that a work on a subject so important would _

lose none of its consideration by being published in a remote colony. The introduction which is a model of vivid style and sound wisdom, written as in London, and with the zeal of a man zealous for the prosperity ofthe

British government.
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