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The governor refers to the charter of‘ privileges as the only rule of go

vernment 54 The assembly complain of infractions made in it 55 Their representation to the proprietary against the governor 57 Logan impeached by the assembly, and skreened by the governor ib. An unanimous vote of thanks to the proprietary for recalling Evans i6. General view of Gookm’s government \ 58 Assembly’s character of themselves ' ib. A proprietary governor a wretched thing 59 Artful conduct of governor Keith 1'5.

60

Mr. Penn’s death
The province left in the hands of trustees i6.
Logan, one of those trustees, obtains a majority in the council against

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the governor ‘ » ib. Logan makes a voyage to England, and returns with private instructions to Keith, which Keith communicates to the assembly 61 The governor and assembly in concert pay no regard to the said in- , structions iii. A controversy in print, between the governor and Logan thereon 62 A breach between the governor and the speaker The province in a state of tranquillity for nine years under his administration ' I _ i 63 A pathetic reflection on the melancholy case of governors recalled ib. _ Pennsylvania easy to be governed if well governed‘ 64’ ; Private instructions from the proprietary in two several instances, deé ' , clared void 65 The proprietary of Pennsylvania too inconsierable here at home to be a patron to the province; and too unsizeably great there ' V 67 I The proprietaries the sole purchasers of Indian lands; the people at i the sole expence of‘lndian al'i'airs; treaties and purchases concomitants 68 The quit-rents of Pennsylvania paid to the proprietary, first demanded and granted to defray the charge of government 69v Notwithstanding which, the people now pay taxes for that purpose, and the proprietaries insist on holding their estates tax free ib. Paper-money first issued in Pennsylvania ' 70 Precautions taken to secure it from depreciation \ 71 Mr Penn's trustees averse to the said issue till a provision was made at the expence of the province, to render his heirs gainers by it 73 l lloom left in the constitution of the province for self-defence, by force of arms, though the use of arms was not consistent with the princi74

y ples of quakers .
In consequence of complaints to parliament of the misch-iefs arising
l from excessive issues of paper-money, by the eastern governments
(that is to say, those of New England;) a general instruction was
sent to all the governors of North America, not to give their assent

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to any farther bills of that nature, without a suspending clause, till
his majesty’s pleasure should be known

The assembly grants money in aid of the expedition against Cartha-
gena ,

The governor inlists indented servants‘upon that occasion; and the
assembly apply the money they had given to indemnify the masters

sons

A note of regret that some temperament had not been found out at
home, to prevent the controversy which was now on the point of
breaking out ’

Remonstrance of the assembly against the said clause

The governor’s message of adherence thereto

77

78

id.

ib.

91

ib.

The assembly’s reply

97

99

re-emission of their paper-currency 4

Lord Holdernesse’s letter and other papers laid before them, together I

with a written message from the governor thereon .

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his majesty’s dominions within his government, 'was at that time

invaded, and demands supplies to arm the province, &C.

The assembly demur, and desire a short adjournment

The governor not only persists in his former declaration, but maintains

that the case was the same, whether the invasion of the enemy was

made in Virginia or Pennsylvania 121

The assembly adjourn to May 6, and are assembled by the governor 1 ‘
April .2, in order to lay before them certain papers from governor“
Dinwiddie; and demand asupply

Debates in the assembly on the quantum, and a new adjournment

Another session, and a message from the governor, accompanied with
intelligence, that the French were before the fort built by the Vir-
ginians on the Ohio; with dispatches and a propo'sition'from the go-
vernors of Boston and New York, for an union of the colonies, Ike. ib.

Ajoint bill for granting an aid of 10,000]. to the king and 20,000]. for I

1'6.

15,000]. for the king’s use, and the rest for replacing defective bills 134

Which the governor evades for want of suflicicnt powers to pass it 185

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\ ' Page Governor Morris’s'arrival at Philadelphia, and first speech to a new

' assembly ' ' " 136

The assembly’s answer and adjournment ' ib.

Being assembled agoiitba letter from sir Thomas Robinson, secretary of state,‘ is laid before them; and the governor in his speech requires them to raise and keep up a considerable body of troops 137 They present a bill for raising 40,0001. on the former plan; half of this ' sum for the public service; with a message, expressing their concern at a paragraph im the secretary of state’s letter, by which it appeared their conduct had not been fairly represented at home 140 The old instruction, and an opinion of the attorney general’s, pleaded by the governor in bar of his assent, unless the money was raised on a five years fund I . 14-1 A letter from Sir Thomas Robinson to the governor of Pennsylvania, dispatched at the same time with others of similar tendency to the

other governors of the northern colonies 142 \Vhicb the governor, in his comment upon it, endeavours to narrow the application ofxto Pennsylvania only a 145

A message from the assembly fully demonstrating that Pennsylvania
was not comprehended in the instruction insisted upon; and that in
case it was, the present emergence was one ofthose, which, accord_
ing' to the very letter of that instruction, might be provided for not-
withstanding; also desiring a sight of the instructions he himself’
had received from his principles ' ib.

A second message, in which they call upon the governor to give his ,
assent to the bill, as what would answer all the purposes recommen-
etl to them in .r‘: Thomas Robinson’s letter 146

The governor-"s reply, declining the bill as before; because the supply
might be otherwise raised, and evading the communication of his

instructions 150

The assembly’s rejoinder, justifying the requisition they made of his

instructions; and intimating that an appeal to the crown was the
only method left them of being continued in the use and benefit- of
their birth-right, and charter liberties 154

The governor questions their right to have these instructions laid be-
fore them, and endeavours to put them beside their point, by mag-
nifying thc preparations of the, French, 8L6. ib.

The assembly orders the papers which had passed between the pro-
prietaries and them to be printed, which till then they had avoided
(ride appendix) ‘

Their unanimous resolutions concerning the proprietary instructions,
in which they declare it as their opinion, that the said instructions
were the principal if not the sole obstruction to their bill; also the

' most essential points contained in their reply to the governor’s

1’55

charge against them 156

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Page A brief of the governor’s sur-rcjoinder 153 Some general remarks 167 The assembly make their appeal to the crown, inform the governor thereof, signify their inclination to adjourn till May, and give his instructions the coup de grace, The governor’s expostulatory message thereon lle demands a copy of their minutes; they order him one when the printed copies \verefinished, and adjourn ' Upon Braddock’s arrival in Virginia, they are re-assernbled by special summons; the demands made by message on that occasion 172 The governor rcprimands them for having published sir Thomas Robinson's letter in their minutes, and for not delivering him a copy

168 171

of those minutes so soon as he had required them 173 The assembly’s answer thereto 174 176

Orders and counter-orders to the printer of these minutes Two messages from the governor; one communicating a design~of ‘ general Shirley's to build a fort within the limits of his majesty’s territories near Crown Point, to which the assembly is required to contribute; and the other, notifying first the arrival of Brnddock’s forces, and then the expectations entertained at home, that the colonies would raise an additional number of forces, furnish provisions, 8w. all terminated with a kind of menace of the resentment of his majesty ‘and the parliament, in case of a disappointment i5. Twenty-five thousand pounds granted to the king's use, to he raised by an emission ofpaper bills to the same amount, and to be sunk by

an extension of the excise for ten years 178

Refused by the governor, on the old pretence of a contrary instruclion ib, 179

A provision demanded for the expence of an Indian treaty A memorial to the assembly from Mr. Qiincy, a commissioner from ~ the government of Massachusetts-bay,‘expressing both his concern that the governor could not be induced to pass the said money-bill, and his acknowlegments of the cheerfulness shewn by them in granting 10,000!. for victualling the forces to be employed in New England, being part of the money so’granted; and urging them to r find out some other means of rendering their purpose effectual \ 1.30 The assembly resolves to raise the said sum on the credit of the province 181 Another paper of acknowlegement from the said Mr; Quincy in. The governor refuses to return the said bill to the assembly; informs them the French had fitted out fifteen soil of the line, with 6000 land forces, and calls upon them to put the province into a state of defence, as the enemy could not be ignorant how plentiful and dedefenceless it was; yet advises a short adjournment 133 They meet again, and a squabble arising ‘between them about a bill ' merely provincial, he revives the former controversy - 133

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