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I’_’ __ ._ _ _, _ w _t_i_ ____
ARTHUR ()NSLOW, ESQ. SPEAKER OF THE HONORABLE HOUSE OF COMMONS.
THE subject of the following sheets is an unhappy one: the controversy between the proprietaries and successive assemblies of Pennsylvania. A controversy which has often embarrassed, if not endangered the public servic'e; a controversy which has been long depending, and which still seems to be as far from an issue as ever.
Our blessed'Saviour reproachps the Pharisees with laying heavy burdens on men's shoulders, which they themselves would not stir with a single finger. ‘
Our proprietaries, sir, have done the same; and for the sake of the commonwealth, the province has hitherto submitted to the imposition. Not, indeed, without the most strenuous endeavors to lay the load equally, the fullest manifestations of their right to do so, and the strongest protestations against the violence put upon them.
Having been most injuriously misrepresented and traduced in print by the known agents and dependants of these gentlemen their fellow subjects, they at last, find themselves obliged to set forth an historical state of their case, and to make their appeal tolthe public upon it. ‘
With the public opinion in their favor, they may with the more confidence lift up their eyes to the wisdom of parliament and the majesty of the crown, from whence alone they can derive an etl’ectual remedy. ,
To your hands: sir, these papers are most humbly presented, for considerations sp obvious, that they scarce need any explana
xvi , DEDICATION.
,The Roman provinces did not stand more in need of patronage than ours: and such clients as we are would have preferred the integrity of Cato to the fortune of Caesar. ‘ i
The cause we bring is in fact the cause of all the provinces in one; it is the cause of every British subject in every part of the British dominions. It is the cause of every man who deserves to be free, every where. i
The propriety, therefore of addressing these papers to a gentleman, who, for so many successive parliaments, with so much honor to himself and satisfaction to the public, has been at the head of the commons of Great Britain, cannot be called in question.
You will smile, sir, perhaps, as you read the references of a provincial assembly to the rights and claims of parliament; but,
we humbly conceive, it will be without the least mixture of re-‘
sentment; those assemblies having nothing more in view than barely to establish their privileges, on the most rational and solid basis they could find,- for the security and service of their constituents. I i '
And you are humbly besought, sir, not to think the worse of this address, because it has been made without your permission or privity. '
Nobody asks leave to pay a debt ;' every Briton is your debtor, sir; and all We have said, or can say is but a poor composition for what we owe you.
You have conferred as much honour on the chair you fill, as the chair has conferred on you.
Probity and dignity are your characteristics.
May that seat always derive the same lustre from the same qualities.
Thisat least ought to be our prayer, whether it is or not within our expectations.
For the province of Pennsylvania, as well as in my own private capacity, I have the honour to be, with the most profound respect,
Y Page or levy money to make war; and solicits a supply to feed the hungry and clothe the naked (Indians) I
The assembly insist on their right to appropriate as well as to raise
The government of William Markham, esq.
A new act of settlement or frame'of government
Thegovernment resumed by Mr. Penn ‘ <
The province purged from the odium of favoring pirates and carrying on an illicit trade ‘
\A new model of elections agreed to
The assembly formed thereon dissolved
Another assembly called upon another model, to meet at Newcastle instead of Philadelphia ,
Aids granted to the proprietary governor in exchange for a confirmation of property
An aid of 3501. sterling to the crown refused on this account
Mr. Penn’s plausible speech to a new assembly I .
Three of the requisitions they made to him, with his answers and their replies ‘
A breach between the province and the territory
The last charter of privileges, which under the royal charter, is now the rule of government
It is unanimously rejected by the freernen of the territory
Mr. Penn’s departure for England
Andrew Hamilton, esq. deputy governor, in vain endeavours to reunite the territory with the province
john Evans, esq. succeeds Hamilton, and makes the like endeavour, also in vain
Controversy between him and the assembly, concerning the bill to confirm the charter ‘
Nine several heads of complaint entered in the minutes of the assembly, as the ground of a representation to the proprietary; being the representation several times before cited _
The remainder of that representation
‘A copy of it demanded by the governor and refused by the assembly
ib. 24 25 27
1'11. 28 ib, it).
The latter make a merit of having forborne to make their representation public 1 I
The governor obtains an assembly to his wish, by undue practices
Animosities between Lloyd, speaker of the assembly, and Logan, secretary to the governor and council
The governor censures the proprietary’s charter of property
The draughtsman’s defence of it
The governor declares the proprietary’s high resentment of the assembly’s representation ’
The assembly’s reply